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Deliberate Self-Harm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320225/suicide-following-deliberate-self-harm
#1
Mark Olfson, Melanie Wall, Shuai Wang, Stephen Crystal, Tobias Gerhard, Carlos Blanco
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to identify risk factors for repeat self-harm and completed suicide over the following year among adults with deliberate self-harm. METHOD: A national cohort of Medicaid-financed adults clinically diagnosed with deliberate self-harm (N=61,297) was followed for up to 1 year. Repeat self-harm per 1,000 person-years and suicide rates per 100,000 person-years (based on cause of death information from the National Death Index) were determined...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257103/risk-estimates-and-risk-factors-related-to-psychiatric-inpatient-suicide-an-overview
#2
REVIEW
Trine Madsen, Annette Erlangsen, Merete Nordentoft
People with mental illness have an increased risk of suicide. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of suicide risk estimates among psychiatric inpatients based on the body of evidence found in scientific peer-reviewed literature; primarily focusing on the relative risks, rates, time trends, and socio-demographic and clinical risk factors of suicide in psychiatric inpatients. Psychiatric inpatients have a very high risk of suicide relative to the background population, but it remains challenging for clinicians to identify those patients that are most likely to die from suicide during admission...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238609/epidemiology-of-coronial-deaths-from-pesticide-ingestion-in-australia
#3
Nicholas J Osborne, Rose Cairns, Andrew H Dawson, Kate M Chitty, Nicholas A Buckley
Pesticides in Australia are tightly regulated but it is unknown how this may affect the distribution of misuse and self-harm across Australia, both spatially and within subgroups in the population. We performed an observational study to examine spatial differences in suicide/deliberate poisonings with pesticides in Australia. We examined Coronial inquest cases of self-harm by pesticide ingestion for the years 2001-2013 (n=209). Coronial cases were older, more likely to be male, have lower SES status and live in outer regional areas as opposed to cities when compared to the general population...
February 4, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206785/relationships-among-traumatic-experiences-ptsd-and-posttraumatic-growth-for-police-officers-a-path-analysis
#4
Brian A Chopko, Patrick A Palmieri, Richard E Adams
OBJECTIVE: Law enforcement officers tend to be exposed to a high frequency of potentially traumatic incidents. A dichotomous distinction among these events involves the witnessing of threat or harm to others and the experiencing of threat or harm directly to oneself. Past research suggests that different types of trauma exposure produce varying levels of negative posttraumatic responses including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and positive outcomes such as posttraumatic growth (PTG)...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196499/workplace-violence-towards-nurses-in-hong-kong-prevalence-and-correlates
#5
Teris Cheung, Paul S F Yip
BACKGROUND: Nurses are especially vulnerable to violent and other forms of aggression in the workplace. Nonetheless, few population-based studies of workplace violence have been undertaken among working-age nurse professionals in Hong Kong in the last decade. METHODS: The study estimates the prevalence and examines the socio-economic and psychological correlates of workplace violence (WPV) among professional nurses in Hong Kong. The study uses a cross-sectional survey design...
February 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162079/how-should-children-s-nurses-manage-mental-health-issues
#6
(no author information available yet)
If you read the website run by the charity YoungMinds you get a stark warning about the mental health problems that young people and the health professionals that work with them deal with. One in ten young people aged 5-16 have diagnosable mental health disorders, and between one in every 12 and one in 15 children and young people deliberately self-harm.
February 6, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160098/influence-of-exposure-to-perinatal-risk-factors-and-parental-mental-health-related-hospital-admission-on-adolescent-deliberate-self-harm-risk
#7
Nan Hu, Jianghong Li, Rebecca A Glauert, Catherine L Taylor
Adolescent deliberate self-harm (DSH) has been found to be associated with a range of bio-psycho-social factors. Simultaneous investigations of these factors enable more robust estimation of the independent effect of a specific risk factor by adjusting for a more complete set of covariates. However, few studies have had the ability to examine all of these factors together. This study used the linkage of population-level de-identified data collections from government agencies to investigate a range of biological, psychological, and social risk factors and their effects on adolescent risk of DSH (with or without suicidal intent)...
February 3, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159424/relationship-between-predictors-of-incident-deliberate-self-harm-and-suicide-attempts-among-adolescents
#8
Yu-Hsin Huang, Hui-Ching Liu, Fang-Ju Sun, Fang-Ju Tsai, Kuo-Yang Huang, Ting-Chun Chen, Yo-Ping Huang, Shen-Ing Liu
PURPOSE: Data on the incidence of deliberate self-harm (DSH) and suicide attempts (SAs) are lacking in non-Western adolescents, and no studies have investigated differences in incident DSH and SA worldwide. This study aimed to investigate the incidence rates and relationships between predictors in DSH and SA. METHODS: The Taiwanese Adolescent Self-Harm Project was a longitudinal study of DSH among adolescents. We recruited 5,879 students from 14 senior high schools in northern Taiwan...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152466/aggressive-behavior-and-self-harm-in-borderline-personality-disorder-the-role-of-impulsivity-and-emotion-dysregulation-in-a-sample-of-outpatients
#9
Laura Terzi, Francesca Martino, Domenico Berardi, Biancamaria Bortolotti, Anna Sasdelli, Marco Menchetti
Impulsivity has often been related to aggressive and self-mutilative behavior in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). Many authors focused on the key role of emotion dysregulation in explaining vulnerability to dysfunctional behavior in BPD in addition to trait impulsivity. Furthermore, recent works have shed light on a gap in empirical research concerning the specific mechanisms by which a lack of affective regulation produces aggression proneness. The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of impulsivity and emotion dysregulation in determining vulnerability to aggression and deliberate self-harm in a sample of BPD outpatients...
March 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149035/chlorantraniliprole-an-unusual-insecticide-poisoning-in-humans
#10
Ajay Kumar Mishra, Vignesh Kumar Chandiraseharan, Nisha Jose, Thambu David Sudarsanam
A 26-year-old female presented with deliberate self-harm using chlorantraniliprole, an unknown substance in human toxicology. She developed symptomatic Mobitz Type I atrioventricular block during observation, for which a temporary pacemaker was inserted. She reverted to sinus rhythm after 48 h and was discharged. Although claimed to be nontoxic to humans, chlorantraniliprole, an insecticide, could cause conduction defects by activating ryanodine receptors. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of chlorantraniliprole poisoning reported in the medical literature...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135642/associations-between-self-harm-and-distinct-types-of-impulsivity
#11
Samuel R Chamberlain, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
OBJECTIVE: There is an ongoing debate regarding how self-harm should be classified. The aim of this study was to characterize associations between self-harm and impulsivity. METHOD: Total 333 adults (mean [SD] age 22.6 (3.6) years, 61% male) were recruited from the general community. History of self-harm was quantified using the Self-Harm Inventory (SHI), which asks about 22 self-harm behaviors. Principal components analysis was used to identify latent dimensions of self-harming behaviors...
April 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129783/the-self-help-online-against-suicidal-thoughts-sos-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Charlotte Mühlmann, Trine Madsen, Carsten Hjorthøj, Ad Kerkhof, Merete Nordentoft, Annette Erlangsen
BACKGROUND: Suicidal thoughts are common, causing distress for millions of people all over the world. However, people with suicidal thoughts might not access support due to financial restraints, stigma or a lack of available treatment offers. Self-help programs provided online could overcome these barriers, and previous efforts show promising results in terms of reducing suicidal thoughts. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of an online self-help intervention in reducing suicidal thoughts among people at risk of suicide...
January 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117707/the-basic-act-for-suicide-prevention-effects-on-longitudinal-trend-in-deliberate-self-harm-with-reference-to-national-suicide-data-for-1996-2014
#13
Miharu Nakanishi, Kaori Endo, Shuntaro Ando
A suicide prevention strategy was launched in Japan in 2006 to address the high suicide rate, which had increased considerably since 1998. The national strategy from 2007 involved the enhancement of psychiatric treatment services at emergency medical facilities and supportive observation by individuals close to patients. The national suicide rate has decreased gradually since 2008; however, national information regarding the number of patients who had engaged in deliberate self-harm was absent. Therefore, the present study examined the longitudinal trend in hospital admissions due to deliberate self-harm in Japan...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066905/implications-of-genital-mutilation-at-autopsy
#14
Roger W Byard
Given the potential significance of mutilation of the external genitalia in medicolegal fatalities, a review of the literature was undertaken to identify subcategories. Such mutilations may have been sustained sometime before death, around the time of death, or after death. The most common type of ante mortem genital mutilations involves cultural practices such as male circumcision. Less common male mutilations such as subincisions are tribally based. Female genital mutilation is found particularly in African, Middle Eastern, or Asian populations...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066008/revisiting-profile-of-deliberate-self-harm-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-after-an-interval-of-10-years
#15
Paramjeet Singh, Raghav Shah, Purav Midha, Ajitabh Soni, Sunil Bagotia, Kusum Lata Gaur
CONTEXT: Sociocultural factors complement psychopathological factors that result in deliberate self-harm (DSH). A study of change in these factors over time is essential for preventive action. AIMS: To identify factors influencing DSH, which have shown significant variation over a period of 10 years. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Two hospital-based cross-sectional analytic types of observational studies were performed at two different times at an interval of 10 years...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050894/patients-with-preexisting-psychiatric-disorders-admitted-to-icu-a-descriptive-and-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Arnaud Gacouin, Adel Maamar, Pierre Fillatre, Emmanuelle Sylvestre, Margaux Dolan, Yves Le Tulzo, Jean Marc Tadié
BACKGROUND: While the psychiatric disorders are conditions frequently encountered in hospitalized patients, there are little or no data regarding the characteristics and short- and long-term outcomes in patients with preexisting psychiatric disorders in ICU. Such assessment may provide the opportunity to determine the respective impact on mortality in the ICU and after ICU discharge with reasons for admission, including modalities of self-harm, of underlying psychiatric disorders and prior psychoactive medications...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031594/suicide-in-rural-central-india-profile-of-attempters-of-deliberate-self-harm-presenting-to-padhar-hospital-in-madhya-pradesh
#17
Johann Alex Ebenezer, Vivek Joge
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a significant public health issue. India currently has the largest number of suicides in the world and has a disproportionate number of youth suicides including young women. The studies on patterns of suicide in rural central India are sparse, particularly among tribal communities. AIMS: The aim of this study is to describe the profile of suicide attempters presenting to a secondary-level hospital in rural central India and identify areas for potential future research toward preventive strategies...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031591/attitudes-of-general-hospital-staff-toward-patients-who-self-harm-in-south-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Narendra Kumar, Rajagopal Rajendra, Sumanth Mallikarjuna Majgi, Murali Krishna, Paul Keenan, Steve Jones
BACKGROUND: There is growing global interest into the attitudes and clinical management of persons who deliberately self-harm. People who self-harm experience many problems and typically have many needs related to management of their psychological wellbeing. A positive attitude amongst general hospital staff should prevail with people who self-harm. The principal purpose was to determine student staff attitudes towards patients who self-harmed from a professional and cultural perspective, which might influence patient treatment following hospital admission...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026869/the-relationship-between-perfectionism-and-psychopathology-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Karina Limburg, Hunna J Watson, Martin S Hagger, Sarah J Egan
OBJECTIVE: The clinical significance of 2 main dimensions of perfectionism (perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns) was examined via a meta-analysis of studies investigating perfectionism in the psychopathology literature. METHOD: We investigated relationships between psychopathology outcomes (clinical diagnoses of depression, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and eating disorders; symptoms of these disorders; and outcomes related to psychopathology, such as deliberate self-harm, suicidal ideation, and general distress) and each perfectionism dimension...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925361/implicit-alcohol-attitudes-predict-drinking-behaviour-over-and-above-intentions-and-willingness-in-young-adults-but-willingness-is-more-important-in-adolescents-implications-for-the-prototype-willingness-model
#20
Emma L Davies, Aspasia E Paltoglou, David R Foxcroft
OBJECTIVES: Dual process models, such as the Prototype Willingness Model (PWM), propose to account for both intentional and reactive drinking behaviour. Current methods of measuring constructs in the PWM rely on self-report, thus require a level of conscious deliberation. Implicit measures of attitudes may overcome this limitation and contribute to our understanding of how prototypes and willingness influence alcohol consumption in young people. This study aimed to explore whether implicit alcohol attitudes were related to PWM constructs and whether they would add to the prediction of risky drinking...
December 7, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
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