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Humanistic Experiential Psychotherapy

Falk Leichsenring, Allan Abbass, Mark J Hilsenroth, Patrick Luyten, Thomas Munder, Sven Rabung, Christiane Steinert
For psychotherapy of mental disorders, presently several approaches are available, such as interpersonal, humanistic, systemic, psychodynamic or cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). Pointing to the available evidence, proponents of CBT claim that CBT is the gold standard. Some authors even argue for an integrated CBT-based form of psychotherapy as the only form of psychotherapy. CBT undoubtedly has its strengths and CBT researchers have to be credited for developing and testing treatments for many mental disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Jeanne C Watson
An important objective in humanistic-experiential psychotherapies and particularly emotion-focused psychotherapy (EFT) is to map patterns of change. Effective mapping of the processes and pathways of change requires that in-session processes be linked to in-session resolutions, immediate post-session changes, intermediate outcome, final therapy outcome, and longer-term change. This is a challenging and long-term endeavour. Fine-grained descriptions of in-session processes that lead to resolution of specific interpersonal and intrapersonal issues linked with longer-term outcomes are the foundation of EFT, the process-experiential approach...
May 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
Erik Rautalinko
OBJECTIVES: This study of directiveness draws on the literature on patient-therapist matching, neutrality, and resistance. Our aim was to investigate how psychotherapists conceptualize directiveness as an attitude, with a focus on pantheoretical aspects of directiveness. DESIGN AND METHODS: Our data are narratives from 18 interviews with psychotherapists of different theoretical orientations (cognitive-behavioural, family-systems, humanistic-experiential, and psychodynamic), and from focus-group discussions with six other psychotherapists...
May 6, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Anna Babl, Martin Grosse Holtforth, Sara Heer, Mu Lin, Annabarbara Stähli, Dominique Holstein, Martina Belz, Yvonne Egenolf, Eveline Frischknecht, Fabian Ramseyer, Daniel Regli, Emma Schmied, Christoph Flückiger, Jeannette Brodbeck, Thomas Berger, Franz Caspar
BACKGROUND: This currently recruiting randomized controlled trial investigates the effects of integrating components of Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT) into Psychological Therapy (PT), an integrative form of cognitive-behavioral therapy in a manner that is directly mirroring common integrative practice in the sense of assimilative integration. Aims of the study are to understand how both, an existing therapy approach as well as the elements to be integrated, are affected by the integration and to clarify the role of emotional processing as a mediator of therapy outcome...
November 24, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
Hui Xu, Terence J G Tracey
We used network meta-analysis to examine the relative efficacy of 3 treatment modalities in China (i.e., cognitive-psychoeducational therapy, humanistic-experiential therapy, and indigenous therapy) on the basis of a comprehensive review of randomized control trials (n = 235). The cultural congruence hypothesis derived from the contextual model argues that psychotherapy efficacy varies by the extent to which therapy modalities match the cultural context in its description of pathology and healing modalities...
April 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Ueli Kramer, Antonio Pascual-Leone, Kristina B Rohde, Rainer Sachse
It is important to understand the change processes involved in psychotherapies for patients with personality disorders (PDs). One patient process that promises to be useful in relation to the outcome of psychotherapy is emotional processing. In the present process-outcome analysis, we examine this question by using a sequential model of emotional processing and by additionally taking into account a therapist's appropriate responsiveness to a patient's presentation in clarification-oriented psychotherapy (COP), a humanistic-experiential form of therapy...
June 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
Eugene W Farber
There has been an increasing focus in recent years on articulating foundational and functional competencies for practice in professional psychology and how a competency-based approach might inform psychology training. With the aim of contributing to the dialogue in this area, the discussion herein explores psychotherapy competencies through the lens of a humanistic-existential perspective and describes implications for psychotherapy training and supervision. Specifically, competencies pertaining to facilitating the client's experiential awareness and use of the psychotherapy relationship to engender client change are described...
March 2010: Psychotherapy
Jeanne C Watson
In this article, treatment failure in humanistic experiential psychotherapy is defined and explored. I outline several markers that indicate when treatment is not going well. Factors that contribute to failure include client factors, for example, emotional processing capacities, shame, and impoverished narratives, as well as therapist factors including lack of empathic attunement and inflexibility. Treatment failure is illuminated with a case example drawn from humanistic/experiential psychotherapy, and clinical strategies for dealing with failures are recommended...
November 2011: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Svetlana Vail, Nancy Xenakis
Past research on group work in the hospital setting has focused on traditional psycho-educational support group models. This article describes an effective group model developed in the Initiative for Women with Disabilities, a hospital-based outpatient program for women with chronic physical illnesses or conditions. The group model integrates concepts of humanistic and self-psychology with pedagogical methods and experiential learning. A Women's Writing group and Women's Assertiveness group each with 10 sessions were designed and conducted according to this model...
2007: Social Work in Health Care
Robert Elliott, Leslie S Greenberg
Process-Experiential/Emotion-Focused Therapy (PE-EFT) is an empirically-supported, neo-humanistic approach that integrates and updates person-centered, Gestalt, and existential therapies. In this article, we first present what we see as PE-EFT's five essential features, namely neo-humanistic values, process-experiential emotion theory, person-centered but process-guiding relational stance, therapist exploratory response style, and marker-guided task strategy. Next, we summarize six treatment principles that guide therapists in carrying out this therapy: achieving empathic attunement, fostering an empathic, caring therapeutic bond, facilitating task collaboration, helping the client process experience appropriately to the task, supporting completion of key client tasks, and fostering client development and empowerment...
2007: American Journal of Psychotherapy
Lorrie Brubacher
The experiential humanistic family systems approach of Virginia Satir lacks a theoretical structure and is thus vulnerable to losing its experiential nature and being reduced to a mere collection of creative techniques. A way to effectively keep Satir's transformative presence alive is to integrate her approach with a model that is solidly grounded in explicit theory, relationship principles, and therapeutic skills and processes. The model proposed as appropriate to this effect is Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT)...
April 2006: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
Robert E Longo
This article promotes the use of an integrated (holistic) approach to treating juvenile sexual offenders. An integrated model takes into account the fact that: (a) youth are resilient, (b) youth progress through various stages of development, (c) these stages are often arrested as a result of trauma, child abuse and neglect, and attachment disorders, (d) humanistic approaches and the therapeutic relationship are essential to the healing and recovery process, (e) youth learn and work with a variety of learning styles and multiple intelligences, (f) many traditional assessment and treatment approaches can be modified and blended with an integrated approach, and (g) the use of experiential treatments can have a positive and profound impact in treating youth with sexual behavior problems...
2004: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Alfred F Carlozzi, Kay S Bull, Lawrence B Stein, Kelly Ray, Laura Barnes
Psychologists and counselors completed a questionnaire devised by the authors to explore the relationships between their extent of endorsement of empathy definitions, their use and views of empathy, and their identification with theories of psychotherapy. Results from 565 respondents suggested that those who identified with humanistic/experiential and psychodynamic theories seemed to have similar views of how empathy is defined and viewed and reported that they use empathy more than those with other theoretical inclinations...
March 2002: Journal of Psychology
K J Schneider
The term "experience-near" has become associated with a variety of alternatives to mainstream clinical research. These alternatives converge on one basic methodological goal-faithfulness to clinical phenomena as lived. This article presents one approach to lived clinical phenomena that I term multiple-case depth research or MCDR. MCDR is a novel and highly sensitive methodology that combines both in-depth case investigation with experiential therapeutic principles. To illustrate the power of MCDR, I present a hypothetical process and outcome study involving three client cohorts (those who undergo respectively cognitive-behavioral therapy, intersubjective psychoanalytic therapy, and existential-humanistic therapy)...
December 1999: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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