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Facial fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821134/graphene-cyclodextrin-based-nanocomposite-hydrogel-with-enhanced-strength-and-thermo-responsive-ability
#1
Pang Zhu, Yonghong Deng, Chaoyang Wang
Dual crosslinked system has been proved to be an efficient method to obtain tough and high strength hydrogels. Herein, we synthesized a novel graphene oxide/p(acrylamide-co-poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate)/α-cyclodextrin (GO/P(AM-co-PEGMA)/CD) physical dual crosslinked hydrogel via copolymerization of AM and PEGMA in the α-CD/GO solution. The polymer main chains adsorb onto the GO surface resulting in the first crosslinked system and multiple hydrogen bonds between α-CDs that thread on the PEGMA side chains establish the second crosslinked system...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812415/quality-of-life-after-orbito-facial-trauma
#2
Gitanjali Sharma, Apjit Kaur
In the wake of high incidence of orbito-facial trauma, there has been a growing need to assess not only the visual outcome, but also the psychological impact of the traumatic event. This is a single questionnaire based evaluation of 100 consecutive patients with orbito-facial trauma (blow-out and Le fort type II and III fractures) at six months of trauma. 84% of the patients had a NEI VFQ- 25 score of less than 50, with 49% having a score less than 25, reflecting the grim impact the trauma has on the quality of life...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809369/maxillofacial-fracture-epidemiology-and-treatment-plans-in-the-northeast-of-iran-a-retrospective-study
#3
S Samieirad, M-R Aboutorabzade, E Tohidi, B Shaban, H Khalife, M-A Hashemipour, H-R Salami
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of facial injuries varies based on lifestyle, cultural background and socioeconomic status in different countries and geographic zones. This study evaluated the epidemiology of maxillofacial fractures and treatment plans in hospitalized patients in Northeast of Iran (2015-2016). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, the medical records of 502 hospitalized patients were evaluated in the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery in Kamyab Hospital in Mashhad, Iran...
August 15, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801837/blunt-injuries-related-to-equestrian-sports-results-from-an-international-prospective-trauma-database-analysis
#4
Christian D Weber, Anthony R Nguyen, Rolf Lefering, Martijn Hofman, Frank Hildebrand, Hans-Christoph Pape
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to investigate the nature, management, and outcome of major injuries related to equestrian sports and to define the at-risk groups for serious and life-threatening injuries. METHODS: We analyzed demographic, pre-hospital, clinical, and outcome data from an international population-based prospective trauma database (TraumaRegister DGU®). Patients with major injuries (Injury Severity Score [ISS] ≥9 points) related to equestrian sports activities were included (January 1, 1993, to December 31, 2012)...
August 11, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795066/otolaryngological-presentations-in-times-of-terror-profile-from-a-tertiary-health-center-in-north-central-nigeria
#5
Adeyi A Adoga, Daniel D Kokong, Kenneth N Ozoilo
OBJECTIVES: To report the incidence, socio-demographic characteristics, otorhinolaryngological presentations and outcomes of management of patients at the Jos University Teaching Hospital following terror attacks. METHODS: A prospective descriptive hospital based study of consecutive patients presenting with ear, nose and throat injuries as a result of bomb blasts and ethno-religious crises within a six-year period and managed at the Jos University Teaching Hospital were studied for age, gender, ear, nose and throat presentations, injury mechanism, interventions and outcome of interventions...
July 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777485/pls3-deletions-lead-to-severe-spinal-osteoporosis-and-disturbed-bone-matrix-mineralization
#6
Kämpe Aj, Costantini A, Levy-Shraga Y, Zeitlin L, Roschger P, Taylan F, Lindstrand A, Paschalis Ep, Gamsjaeger S, Raas-Rothschild A, Hövel M, Jiao H, Klaushofer K, Grasemann C, Mäkitie O
Mutations in the PLS3 gene, encoding Plastin 3, were described in 2013 as a cause for X-linked primary bone fragility in children. The specific role of PLS3 in bone metabolism remains inadequately understood. Here we describe for the first time PLS3 deletions as the underlying cause for childhood-onset primary osteoporosis in three boys from two families. We carried out thorough clinical, radiological and bone tissue analyses to explore the consequences of these deletions and to further elucidate the role of PLS3 in bone homeostasis...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761284/common-peroneal-nerve-palsy-in-maxillofacial-surgery-setting
#7
Sqn Ldr Jimish Desai
Common peroneal nerve palsy in maxillofacial surgery setting is an uncommon and rarely reported complication. A patient who developed common peroneal nerve palsy following reduction and fixation of pan facial fractures under general anesthesia is presented. The patient developed common peroneal nerve palsy on the second postoperative day. He recovered with conservative treatment after 3 months. The authors consider that the nerve palsy was a result of compression of common peroneal nerve related to patient positioning in the perioperative period...
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751943/helmet-wear-and-craniofacial-trauma-burden-a-plea-for-regulations-mandating-protective-helmet-wear
#8
Jamison Anne Harvey, Waleed Gibreel, Ali Charafeddine, Basel Sharaf
Helmet wear offers protection in various ways against craniomaxillofacial and brain trauma. The specific pattern and overall burden of craniofacial trauma among helmeted and unhelmeted patients has not been well defined. This is a retrospective review of trauma patients involved in documented helmet-associated injuries that presented to the Mayo Clinic Emergency Department in Rochester, Minnesota, and completed initial trauma evaluation between 1999 and 2015. A total of 417 patients (50% unhelmeted, 82% male) were identified...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751941/did-king-philip-ii-of-ancient-macedonia-suffer-a-zygomatico-orbital-fracture-a-maxillofacial-surgeon-s-approach
#9
Panagiotis Stathopoulos
Philip II, father of Alexander the Great, succeeded his brother, Perdiccas III, to the throne of Macedonia in 360 BC. He has been described by historians as a generous king and military genius who managed to achieve his ambitious plans by expanding the Macedonian city-state over the whole Greek territory and the greater part of the Balkan Peninsula. The aim of our study was to present the evidence with regard to the facial injury of King Philip II of Macedonia and discuss the treatment of the wound by his famous physician, Critobulos...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746906/prototyping-for-the-treatment-of-late-zygomatic-orbital-fracture-a-case-report
#10
Amanda Lúcio do Ó Silva, Isabella Jardelino Dias, Rafael Grotta Grempel, Hécio Henrique Araújo de Morais, Nadja Maria da Silva Oliveira Brito, Daliana Queiroga de Castro Gomes
INTRODUCTION: Zygomatic-orbital complex fractures are the most common facial traumas that can result in severe esthetic and functional sequelae. Surgical correction of these fractures is a delicate approach and prototyping is an excellent tool to facilitate this procedure. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 27-year-old man, a motorcycle accident victim, was hospitalized in the intensive care unit for 30days. After this period, facial fractures were treated surgically, leaving sequelae such as enophthalmos, dystopia and loss of projection of the zygomatic arch...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745851/maxillofacial-trauma-managing-potentially-dangerous-and-disfiguring-complex-injuries-digest
#11
Devjani Das, Lea Salazar, Milana Zaurova
Patients with maxillofacial trauma require a careful evaluation due to the anatomical proximity of the maxillofacial region to the head and neck. Facial injuries can range from soft-tissue lacerations and nondisplaced nasal fractures to severe, complex fractures, eye injuries, and possible brain injury. Though the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) guidelines provide a framework for the management of trauma patients, they do not provide a detailed reference for many subtle or complex facial injuries. This issue adds a more comprehensive and systematic approach to the secondary survey of the maxillofacial area and emergency department management of injuries to the face...
April 22, 2017: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737561/a-cadaver-study-to-assess-the-feasibility-of-a-cross-nerve-transfer-of-the-infraorbital-nerve-for-patients-with-peripheral-infraorbital-nerve-injury
#12
Tomoyuki Yano, Keiichi Akita, Kumiko Yamaguchi, Masayuki Sawaizumi
BACKGROUND: Patients with facial fracture or head and neck surgery sometimes suffer from infraorbital nerve injury. This injury results in severe hemilateral numbness in the midfacial area. The infraorbital nerve ends with two major branches; the infra nasal branch (INB) and superior labial branch (SLB). In this study, we assessed the feasibility of cross-nerve transfer of the INB and SLB based on a cadaver study. METHODS: The INB/SLB from a total 20 sides of 10 cadavers (2 men and 8 women; average age, 79...
July 22, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735636/severe-distortion-of-an-orbital-titanium-mesh-implant-after-recurrent-facial-trauma-a-potential-threat-to-the-orbital-contents
#13
J M Foletti, P Scolozzi
Titanium mesh implants have proved their effectiveness in the reconstruction of fractures of the orbital wall, and their compromise between stiffness and elasticity allows for optimal support of the orbital contents. However, after recurrent orbital trauma, these implants (even when properly positioned) can become a potential "penetrating object" that threatens the critical adjacent anatomical structures. We report the case of a patient with recurrent facial trauma whose orbit had previously been reconstructed with a titanium implant, and which resulted in severe deformation...
July 20, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732561/open-treatment-of-unilateral-mandibular-condyle-fractures-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
A Rozeboom, L Dubois, R Bos, R Spijker, J de Lange
Since the introduction of rigid internal fixation devices, more and more surgeons favour an open approach to treating condylar fractures of the mandible in adult patients. Different indications for open treatment have been published. Open treatment is associated with surgical complications because of the technique employed. The aim of this systematic review was to provide an overview of the studies published exclusively on open treatment, and to summarize the existing open treatment modalities and their clinical outcomes...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718704/a-study-of-sports-related-orbital-fractures-in-singapore
#15
Jing Zhan Lock, Raghuraj Hegde, Stephanie Young, Thiam Chye Lim, Shantha Amrith, Gangadhara Sundar
With an increased popularity of sport and active living worldwide, our study aims to explore the incidence and features of sports-related orbital fractures in Singapore. 1421 computer tomography (CT) imaging scans of the face and orbits done at the National University Hospital over a 24-month period from January 2013 and December 2014 were reviewed retrospectively for orbital fractures. We identified 483 orbital fractures of which sports injury was the fourth most common etiology (n = 65; 13.5%) after road traffic accident (n = 131; 27...
July 18, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699848/impact-of-helmet-use-on-traumatic-brain-injury-from-road-traffic-accidents-in-cambodia
#16
Saksham Gupta, Katherine Klaric, Nang Sam, Vuthy Din, Tina Juschkewitz, Vycheth Iv, Mark G Shrime, Kee B Park
OBJECTIVE: Rapid urbanization and motorization without corresponding increases in helmet usage have made traumatic brain injury due to road traffic accidents a major public health crisis in Cambodia. This analysis was conducted to quantify the impact of helmets on severity of injury, neurosurgical indication, and functional outcomes at discharge for motorcycle operators who required hospitalization for a traumatic brain injury following a road traffic accident in Cambodia. METHODS: The medical records of 491 motorcycle operators who presented to a major tertiary care center in Cambodia with traumatic brain injury were retrospectively analyzed using multivariate logistic regression...
July 12, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697349/styloid-process-fracture-associated-with-maxillofacial-trauma-incidence-distribution-and-management
#17
P K Tiwary, N K Sahoo, Ankur Thakral, Udayan Ranjan
PURPOSE: Fracture of the styloid process of the temporal bone has been infrequently reported. The present study evaluated the incidence, causes, distribution, and management of styloid process fracture in association with other maxillofacial fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective evaluation of patients with maxillofacial trauma over a period of 1 year was carried out and patients' characteristics, mode and distribution of injury, and length of styloid process were recorded...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691470/replica-guided-trauma-surgery
#18
F Laganà, E Segna, A Baj, G Beltramini, A Russillo, V Candotto, F J Silvestre, A B Giannì
The aim of this study is to present a new approach to the surgical treatment of fractures of the middle third of the face, based on the use of resorbable materials and stereolithographic models. From 2009 to 2014, we treated 10 cases of orbitozygomatic trauma mostly as secondary surgery. For each case, an anatomical replica had been produced simulating the expected result and was then used to contour the resorbable plates on its surface, even before the beginning of the surgical procedure itself. The plates and meshes already bended act as a guide to bony reduction procedure...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687468/two-different-techniques-of-manufacturing-tmj-replacements-a-technical-report
#19
Marcin Kozakiewicz, Tomasz Wach, Piotr Szymor, Rafał Zieliński
INTRODUCTION: Presently, during the surgical treatment of the patients in maxillofacial surgery, one can use various medical implants. Moreover custom made implants are being used. Replacements may be fitted to the structure and shape of the human skull owing to CAD/CAM (custom aided design/manufacture) called customized implants. This study was aimed to report for the first time clinical material from which custom implants, using two different techniques, were manufactured to reconstruct the temporomandibular joint (TMJ)...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684072/surgery-first-approach-in-orthognathic-surgery-psychological-and-biological-aspects-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Sebastian Zingler, Emad Hakim, Dominic Finke, Monika Brunner, Daniel Saure, Jürgen Hoffmann, Christopher J Lux, Ralf Erber, Robin Seeberger
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this pilot study was to investigate psychological and biological changes after application of a surgery-first orthognathic treatment approach. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 9 patients (6 women and 3 men; mean age 26.7 years) suffering from skeletal Class II and III deformities was conducted. Skeletal changes from pre-to post-treatment were analyzed based on data acquired by use of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Psychological changes were analyzed using the orthognathic quality of life (OQLQ) questionnaire, Sense of Coherence 29-item scale (SOC-29) and longitudinal day-to-day questionnaire...
August 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
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