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Facial fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046241/natural-variation-of-the-zygomaticomaxillary-complex-symmetry-in-normal-individuals
#1
Jean-Pierre T F Ho, Ruud Schreurs, Souhir Aydi, Roya Rezai, Thomas J J Maal, Arjen J van Wijk, Ludo F M Beenen, Leander Dubois, Dan M J Milstein, Alfred G Becking
OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to investigate variations in the symmetry of the zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) in normal individuals. METHOD: Computed tomography datasets of 200 individuals without facial fractures were analyzed using a validated three-dimensional analysis technique. The absolute average distance (AD) and 90th percentile distance (NPD) were calculated, representing respectively the overall and maximum symmetry between bilateral ZMCs. RESULTS: The mean AD and NPD of the total study group was 0...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040242/epidemiology-and-predictors-of-orbital-fractures-in-children
#2
Andrew F Miller, Daniel M Elman, Paul L Aronson, Amir A Kimia, Mark I Neuman
OBJECTIVES: Data regarding clinical predictors of orbital fractures in children are limited. We sought to describe the epidemiology of pediatric orbital fractures and identify the signs and symptoms of orbital fractures in children. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of children younger than 22 years who underwent a facial or orbital computed tomography (CT) scan to evaluate for orbital fracture. We included patients presenting to an emergency department of a tertiary care children's hospital between January 2009 and May 2013...
October 16, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040029/autologous-fat-transfer-with-seffi-superficial-enhanced-fluid-fat-injection-technique-in-periocular-reconstruction
#3
Benjamin Riesco, Cristina Abascal, Ana Duarte, Rocio Mariel Flores, Guillermina Rouaux, Raul Sampayo, Francesco Bernardini, Martin Devoto
PURPOSE: To evaluate the aesthetic and functional outcomes of autologous fat transfer using the SEFFI (superficial enhanced fluid fat injection) technique for reconstruction of the periocular area. METHODS: Autologous fat injections prepared with the 0.5 mL and 0.8 mL SEFFI technique were used in four patients for periocular rehabilitation. RESULTS: Case 1 (C1): A patient with left-sided progressive facial hemiatrophy underwent ipsilateral volumizing with 0...
October 17, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038626/maxillofacial-injuries-in-women-a-retrospective-study-of-10%C3%A2-years
#4
Sudhir Ramisetty, Rajasekhar Gaddipati, Nandagopal Vura, Satheesh Pokala, Sheetal Kapse
INTRODUCTION: Diversities exists in incidence, etiology and epidemiology of facial fractures among male and female individuals due to various reasons. Many of the epidemiological studies published during the millennium have shown male predilection. This study was carried to evaluate the etiology, patterns and distribution of facial fractures among different age groups in women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This Retrospective epidemiological study dealt with a total of 302 women with 422 fractures in maxillofacial region during a period of June 1st 2005 to May 31st 2015 at Mamata Dental College and Hospital, Khammam, Telangana, India...
December 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032947/temporal-distribution-of-alcohol-related-facial-fractures
#5
Kai H Lee, Michael Qiu, Jiandong Sun
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to address 2 important aspects of temporal pattern in alcohol-related facial fractures: (1) comparison of temporal pattern of alcohol-related facial fracture (alcohol group) presentation with non-alcohol-related fracture (non-alcohol group) presentation; (2) temporal pattern of patient demographic characteristics, injury characteristics, and surgical management in the alcohol group presentation. STUDY DESIGN: This study retrospectively examined the Victorian admitted episodes data set (VAED) for the years 2010 to 2013...
September 19, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031478/patterns-of-facial-trauma-before-and-after-legalization-of-marijuana-in-denver-colorado-a-joint-study-between-two-denver-hospitals
#6
Mofiyinfolu Sokoya, Justin Eagles, Tyler Okland, Dylan Coughlin, Hannah Dauber, Christopher Greenlee, Andrew A Winkler
INTRODUCTION: The effect of marijuana on human health has been studied extensively. Marijuana intoxication has been shown to affect performance, attention span, and reaction time. The public health relationship between trauma and cannabis use has also been studied, with mixed conclusions. In this report, the effect of marijuana legalization on many aspects of facial trauma at two hospitals in Denver, Colorado is examined. METHODS: A retrospective review of the electronic medical records was undertaken...
October 7, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030173/a-novel-miniature-wireless-neurostimulator-in-the-management-of-chronic-craniofacial-pain-preliminary-results-from-a-prospective-pilot-study
#7
Richard L Weiner, Carlos Montes Garcia, Niek Vanquathem
OBJECTIVE: To report a novel wireless neuromodulation system for treatment of refractory craniofacial pain. BACKGROUND: Previous studies utilizing peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) of the occipital and trigeminal nerves reported positive outcomes for alleviating neuropathic pain localized to the craniofacial and occipital areas. However several technological limitations and cosmetic concerns inhibited a more widespread acceptance and use of neuromodulation. Also, a relatively high incidence of adverse events like electrode erosions, dislocation, wire fracture and/or infection at the surgical site mandates a change in our approach to neuromodulation technology and implant techniques in the craniofacial region...
October 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023221/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-phototherapy-in-patients-with-mandibular-fracture-on-mandibular-dynamics-pain-edema-and-bite-force-a-pilot-study
#8
Leandro Lauriti, João Gualberto de Cerqueira Luz, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferrari, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Alessandro Melo Deana, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana, Larissa Costa-Santos, Aldo Brugnera Junior, Sandra Kalil Bussadori
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of phototherapy on bite force, facial swelling, mandibular movements, and pain in patients having undergone surgical treatment for mandibular fractures. BACKGROUND: These are among the predominant types of facial fractures, and treatment involving surgical fixation with titanium plates is one of the most common procedures in oral-maxillofacial surgery. Phototherapy has been used to accelerate the muscle healing process and significantly improves muscle regeneration by inducing the formation of new muscle fibers...
October 12, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019579/epidemiological-study-of-facial-fractures-at-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-service-santa-casa-de-misericordia-hospital-complex-porto-alegre-rs-brazil
#9
Rodrigo Andrighetti Zamboni, João Carlos Birnfeld Wagner, Maurício Roth Volkweis, Eduardo Luis Gerhardt, Elissa Muller Buchmann, Caren Serra Bavaresco
OBJECTIVES: to investigate the incidence and etiology of face trauma with diagnosis of facial fracture treated at the Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology Service of the Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital Complex in Porto Alegre. METHODS: we conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective epidemiological study of 134 trauma victims with 153 facial fractures. RESULTS: the male gender was the most affected (86.6%) and the incidence was higher in the age group from 21 to 30 years...
September 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994885/management-of-combat-related-facial-injuries
#10
Ali Mardassi, Senda Turki, Hajer Mbarek, Amani Hachicha, Ghassen Chebbi, Sonia Benzarti, Maher Abouda
INTRODUCTION: Combat-related facial injuries involve various lesions of the mouth, the eye sockets and the facial bones. The goal of this study is to precise the particularities of these affections and their therapeutic management. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed about 56 cases of combat-related facial injuries over a period of 5 years (2010 - 2014). RESULTS: Our study included 56 male patients with an average age of 29 years (20-37)...
December 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987223/controversies-in-maxillofacial-trauma
#11
REVIEW
Daniel J Meara, Lewis C Jones
Craniomaxillofacial trauma management has continued to improve and evolve as a result of advances in technology and scientific inquiry. Controversies exist where there is little evidence-based literature to guide treatment in frontal sinus management, rigid versus absorbable fixation, open versus closed treatment of mandibular condyle fractures, extraction of teeth in the line of fracture, optimal timing for repair of mandible fractures, antibiotic use for facial wounds and fractures, and reconstructive materials in orbital fracture reconstruction...
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986000/the-effect-of-light-emitting-diode-590-830%C3%A2-nm-based-low-level-laser-therapy-on-posttraumatic-edema-of-facial-bone-fracture-patients
#12
Woo Yeol Baek, Il Hwan Byun, In Sik Yun, Jae Yoon Kim, Tai Suk Roh, Dae Hyun Lew, Young Seok Kim
PURPOSE: Posttraumatic edema in facial bone fracture patients may interfere with the operation field and delay the schedule. Thus, swiftly reducing the edema alleviates patient discomfort and advances the operation date. Ice packing and compression bandages are often used for such a purpose, but such methods are often inconvenient for the face. In this study, we aim to analyze the effect of light-emitting diode (LED) (590/830 nm)-based low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in posttraumatic edema in facial bone fracture patients...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971234/a-novel-dominant-col11a1-mutation-in-a-child-with-stickler-syndrome-type-ii-is-associated-with-recurrent-fractures
#13
M G Vogiatzi, D Li, L Tian, J P Garifallou, C E Kim, H Hakonarson, M A Levine
This case describes a child with blindness, recurrent low-impact fractures, low bone mass, and intermittent joint pain who was found to have a novel missense mutation in COL11A1, consistent with Stickler syndrome type II. The case illustrates the phenotypic variability of the syndrome, which may include increased fragility in childhood. INTRODUCTION: Stickler syndrome type II is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the gene that encodes the type XI collagen chain α1 (COL11A1)...
October 3, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969282/influence-of-post-angulation-between-coronal-and-radicular-segment-on-the-fracture-resistance-of-endodontically-treated-teeth
#14
Satheesh B Haralur, Anas Abdullah Lahig, Yahya Ahmed Al Hudiry, Abdullah Hassan Al-Shehri, Ahmed Abdullah Al-Malwi
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of coronal restoration in the Endodontically Treated Teeth (ETT) include rehabilitation of aesthetics, function and prevention of coronal leakage. The long axis of root and the coronal segment in the maxillary anterior teeth varies according to the occlusal scheme. The restorative dentist is required to fabricate the post angulation in compatibility to contour of the adjacent teeth. AIM: To evaluate the influence of the angle between the long axes of core facial surface and the radicular segment of the post on fracture resistance of ETT...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958282/bicycle-helmets-save-more-than-heads-experience-from-a-pediatric-level-i-trauma-hospital
#15
Patrick D Michael, Daniel L Davenport, John M Draus
We studied pediatric bicycle accident victims (age ≤ 15 years) who were treated at our pediatric Level I trauma center during a 10-year period. Demographic data, injury severity, hospital course, and hospital cost data were collected. We compared the children who were helmeted to those who were unhelmeted. Our study cohort consisted of 516 patients. Patients were mostly male (70.2%) and white (84.7%); the median age was nine years. There were 101 children in the helmet group and 415 children in the unhelmeted group...
September 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954154/interpersonal-violence-circumstances-of-aggressions-and-patterns-of-maxillofacial-injuries-in-the-metropolitan-area-of-campina-grande-state-of-para%C3%A3-ba-brazil-2008-2011
#16
Ítalo Macedo Bernardino, Kevan Guilherme Nóbrega Barbosa, Lorena Marques Nóbrega, Gigliana Maria Sobral Cavalcante, Efigenia Ferreira E Ferreira, Sérgio d'Ávila
The aim of this study was to determine the circumstances of aggressions and patterns of maxillofacial injuries among victims of interpersonal violence. This was a cross-sectional and exploratory study conducted from the analysis of 7,132 medical-legal and social records of interpersonal violence victims seen in a Forensic Medicine and Dentistry Center. Descriptive and multivariate statistics were performed using Multiple Correspondence Analysis. Three groups with different victimization profiles were identified...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953154/pediatric-orbital-floor-fractures-clinical-and-radiological-predictors-of-tissue-entrapment-and-the-effect-of-operative-timing-on-ocular-outcomes
#17
Joseph M Firriolo, Nicole C Ontiveros, Carolyn M Pike, Amir H Taghinia, Carolyn R Rogers-Vizena, Oren Ganor, Arin K Greene, John G Meara, Brian I Labow
Orbital floor fractures can produce acute constitutional symptoms and poor ocular outcomes. This study aims to determine the clinical and radiological predictors of tissue entrapment in pediatric orbital floor fractures and to explore the effect of operative timing on ocular outcomes. The authors reviewed medical records from pediatric patients with orbital floor fractures from 2007 to 2015. One hundred fifty-two patients with 159 orbital floor fractures were included. One hundred twenty-two (80.3%) patients were male, and the mean age was 12...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953150/endoscopic-removal-of-displaced-sagittal-intracapsular-condylar-fracture
#18
Guilherme Dos Santos Trento, Luis Fernando de Oliveira Gorla, Marcos Marques Rodrigues, Valfrido Antônio Pereira-Filho
Fractures involving the mandibular condyle are among the most common fractures of facial bones and still generate great discussion concerning therapeutic issues. Several factors have influence on the decision of treatment management of these fractures. In some patients, even when there is displacement of fractured fragments, the choice for conservative treatment is made. However, the removal of the condyle fragment may be required. In the oral surgery scope, endoscopy is a procedure used in many areas, and can be helpful to improve the visualization of surgical sites with difficult access...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953099/rattled-analysis-of-facial-trauma-among-toddlers
#19
Michael A Blasco, Aron Kandinov, Peter F Svider, Nathan J Gonik, Curtis Hanba, Giancarlo F Zuliani, Mahdi A Shkoukani, Michael A Carron
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the national incidence of facial trauma among toddlers and delineate patterns of injury and their causes. METHODS: A retrospective review was designed to explore patterns of maxillofacial trauma within toddler-aged children using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System from the Consumer Product Safety Commission. The database was searched for emergency department visits involving facial trauma sustained by children 12 months through 3 years of age from 2010 through 2014 and analyzed for patient demographics, primary diagnosis, and associated products/activities...
September 25, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941510/issues-in-pediatric-craniofacial-trauma
#20
REVIEW
Srinivasa R Chandra, Karen S Zemplenyi
Pediatric maxillofacial fractures are rare owing to anatomic differences between juvenile and adult skulls. Children's bone is less calcified, allowing for "greenstick fractures." The overall ratio of cranial to facial volume decreases with age. In children, tooth buds comprise the majority of mandibular volume. The most common pediatric craniomaxillofacial fractures for children ages 0 to 18 years old are mandible, nasal bone, and maxilla and zygoma. Growth potential must be considered when addressing pediatric trauma and often a less-is-more approach is best when considering open versus closed treatment...
November 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
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