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Jundong Shao, Hanhan Xie, Huaiyu Wang, Wenhua Zhou, Qian Luo, Xue-Feng Yu, Paul K Chu
One of the clinical challenges facing photothermal cancer therapy is health risks imposed by the photothermal nanoagents in vivo. Herein, a photothermal therapy (PTT) platform composed of 2D material-based nanofibrous membrane as the agent to deliver thermal energy to tumors under near-infrared (NIR) light irradiation is described. The photothermal membrane, which is fabricated by electrospinning poly (L-lactic acid) (PLLA) nanofibrous membrane loaded with bismuth selenide (Bi2Se3) nanoplates, exhibits very high photothermal conversion efficiency and long-term stability...
December 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Lang Xia, Fataneh Karandish, Krishna Nandan Kumar, James Froberg, Prajakta Kulkarni, Kara N Gange, Yongki Choi, Sanku Mallik, Kausik Sarkar
Polymersomes are a class of artificial vesicles prepared from amphiphilic polymers. Like lipid vesicles (liposomes), they too can encapsulate hydrophilic and hydrophobic drug molecules in the aqueous core and the hydrophobic bilayer respectively, but are more stable than liposomes. Although echogenic liposomes have been widely investigated for simultaneous ultrasound imaging and controlled drug delivery, the potential of the polymersomes remains unexplored. We prepared two different echogenic polymersomes from the amphiphilic copolymers polyethylene glycol-poly-DL-lactic acid (PEG-PLA) and polyethylene glycol-poly-L-lactic acid (PEG-PLLA), incorporating multiple freeze-dry cycles in the synthesis protocol to ensure their echogenicity...
December 8, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Aruã C da Silva, Tatiana Augusto, Leandro H Andrade, Susana I Córdoba de Torresi
A novel electroactive macromonomer based on poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) with (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (EDOT) functional end groups, was prepared by a traditional approach of organometallic polymerization with stannous octanoate [Sn(oct2)] and enzymatic polymerization using immobilized Candida antarctica Lipase B (CAL-B) and Amano lipase Pseudomonas cepacia(PS-IM), as catalysts. In the synthetic strategy, (2,3-dihydrothieno[3,4-b] dioxin-2-yl)methanol (EDOT-OH) was used to initiate the ring opening polymerization of lactide to yield PLLA with EDOT end group...
February 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Sheng Liu, Xiumin Sun, Tao Wang, Shihao Chen, Chen-Guang Zeng, Gaoyi Xie, Qingtang Zhu, Xiaolin Liu, Daping Quan
We recently fabricated multi-channel PLLA nerve conduits (NCs, conduits diameter: ~3mm, channels diameter: ~200μm) with nano-fibrous microstructure (NNCs) and ladder-like microstructure (LNCs), and found the nanofibers in the NNCs promote differentiation of nerve stem cells (NSCs) into neurons. In the present study, we evaluated the degradation profile of NNCs and LNCs, and observed that NNCs degraded too fast to implant. To delay the degradation and retain the nano-scale effect of NNCs, we used gelatin to wrap (2% w/v gelatin) or embed (8% w/v gelatin) NNCs and LNCs via vacuum infusion and chemical cross-linking with genipin...
February 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Chengkai Lin, Chang Liu, Liangming Zhang, Zhi Huang, Peipei Zhao, Ruiqiang Chen, Mao Pang, Zhenxiang Chen, Liumin He, Chunxiao Luo, Limin Rong, Bin Liu
Tissue engineering is a rapidly growing technological area for the regeneration and reconstruction of damage to the central nervous system. By combining seed cells with appropriate biomaterial scaffolds, tissue engineering has the ability to improve nerve regeneration and functional recovery. In the present study, mouse induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) were generated from mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) with the non-integrating episomal vectors pCEP4-EO2S-ET2K and pCEP4-miR-302-367 cluster, and differentiated into neural stem cells (NSCs) as transplanting cells...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Anthony R D'Amato, Nicholas J Schaub, Jesus M Cardenas, Andrew S Fiumara, Paul M Troiano, Andrea Fischetti, Ryan J Gilbert
A major challenge in developing drug-releasing electrospun nanofibers is obtaining long-term drug release over many weeks with no burst release of drug. Here, we present new methods capable of prolonging the diffusive release of small molecule drugs from electrospun poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) nanofibers. The methods focus on removal of retained electrospinning solvent through fiber heating, maintaining fibers in a laboratory setting, or a combination of these methods. These post-fabrication methods altered the release characteristics of a model small molecule drug, 6-aminonicotinamide (6AN), from PLLA fibers...
August 11, 2017: Polymer
Jingxin Zhao, Qiucheng Yang, Tao Wang, Lian Wang, Jichun You, Yongjin Li
An effective strategy to tailor the micro-porous structures has been developed based on the shape memory effect in porous poly(L-lactic acid) membranes in which tiny crystals and amorphous matrix play the roles of shape-fixed phase and reversible-phase respectively. Our results indicate that not only PLLA membranes but micro-pores exhibit shape memory properties. The proportional deformations on two scales have been achieved by uniaxial or biaxial tension, providing a facile way to manipulate continuously the size and the orientation degree of pores on micro-scale...
November 30, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Abbas Ghasemi, Babak Hashemi
The purpose of this study is to analyze the co-existence effect of 30 wt.% TCP-BG phases on degradation and precipitation behaviors of PLLA based composite scaffold in biological media. First, phase separation method was used to synthesize of the pure PLLA and the trinary composite scaffolds, and second they were immersed in SBF solution for 45 days. Subsequently, the degradation and precipitation characteristic were investigated by analyzing of pH value and weight changes of the immersed samples, the ability of biological products formation and the change of relative molecular weight of PLLA matrix as function of the degradation time...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
Dayun Yang, Wensong Luo, Jichuang Wang, Min Zheng, Xin-Hua Liao, Nan Zhang, Wenxian Lu, Long Wang, Ai-Zheng Chen, Wen-Guo Wu, Hekun Liu, Shi-Bin Wang, Xiao Zhen Zhou, Kun Ping Lu
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide largely due to lack of effective targeted drugs to simultaneously block multiple cancer-driving pathways. The identification of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) as a potent Pin1 inhibitor provides a promising candidate for HCC targeted therapy because Pin1 is overexpressed in most HCC and activates numerous cancer-driving pathways. However, the efficacy of ATRA against solid tumors is limited due to its short half-life of 45min in humans...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
K Parvathi, Amit G Krishnan, A Anitha, R Jayakumar, Manitha B Nair
Cissus quadrangularis (CQ) is known as "bone setter" because of its ability to enhance fracture healing. Polymers incorporated with CQ at lower concentration have shown to enhance osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in vitro. However, for the healing of clinically relevant critical sized bone defects, large amount of CQ would be required. Based on this perception, a herbal fibrous sheet containing high weight percentage of CQ [20,40 and 60wt/wt% in poly (L-lactic acid) (PLLA)] was fabricated through electrospinning...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
E N Bolbasov, P V Maryin, K S Stankevich, A I Kozelskaya, E V Shesterikov, Yu I Khodyrevskaya, M V Nasonova, D K Shishkova, Yu A Kudryavtseva, Y G Anissimov, S I Tverdokhlebov
In this study, we modified the surface of bioresorbable electrospun poly-(l-lactic) acid (PLLA) scaffolds by reactive magnetron sputtering of a titanium target under a nitrogen atmosphere. We examined the influence of the plasma treatment time on the structure and properties of electrospun PLLA scaffolds using SEM, XRF, FTIR, XRD, optical goniometry, and mechanical testing. It was observed that the coating formed did not change physicomechanical properties of electrospun PLLA scaffolds and simultaneously, increased their hydrophilicity...
November 12, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Carlos Sebastián Giménez, Paola Locatelli, Florencia Montini Ballarin, Alejandro Orlowski, Ricardo A Dewey, Milagros Pena, Gustavo Abel Abraham, Ernesto Alejandro Aiello, María Del Rosario Bauzá, Luis Cuniberti, Fernanda Daniela Olea, Alberto Crottogini
Diaphragmatic myoblasts (DMs) are precursors of type-1 muscle cells displaying high exhaustion threshold on account that they contract and relax 20 times/min over a lifespan, making them potentially useful in cardiac regeneration strategies. Besides, it has been shown that biomaterials for stem cell delivery improve cell retention and viability in the target organ. In the present study, we aimed at developing a novel approach based on the use of poly (L-lactic acid) (PLLA) scaffolds seeded with DMs overexpressing connexin-43 (cx43), a gap junction protein that promotes inter-cell connectivity...
November 15, 2017: Cytotechnology
Shaohua Wu, Hao Peng, Xiuhong Li, Philipp N Streubel, Yong Liu, Bin Duan
Engineered tendon grafts offer a promising alternative for grafting during the reconstruction of complex tendon tears. The tissue-engineered tendon substitutes have the advantage of increased biosafety and the option to customize their biochemical and biophysical properties to promote tendon regeneration. In this study, we developed a novel centrifugal melt electrospinning (CME) technique, with the goal of optimizing the fabrication parameters to generate fibrous scaffolds for tendon tissue engineering. The effects of CME processing parameters, including rotational speed, voltage, and temperature, on fiber properties (i...
November 14, 2017: Biofabrication
Guangmei Huang, Zhiyun Du, Zuoying Yuan, Lihua Gu, Qing Cai, Xiaoping Yang
Biodegradable organic-inorganic composites composed of polylactide (PLA) and hydroxyapatite (HA) are important bone repairing materials, while the dispersibility of nanoscaled HA in PLA and the interfacial adhesion between HA and PLA remained unsatisfactory. In this study, poly(D-lactide) (PDLA) oligomers with different molecular weights were grafted onto HA nanorods (HA-PDLA), and the HA-PDLA hybrids were mixed with poly(L-lactide) (PLLA). Dispersibility of HA-PDLA hybrids in PLLA matrix was investigated, and the formation of PDLA/PLLA stereocomplex at the interface of HA-PDLA and PLLA was studied by characterizations including crystallization, mechanical and thermal properties, taking PLLA grafted HA (HA-PLLA) and unmodified HA as comparisons...
October 31, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Wenxu Wang, Donghuo Zhong, Yu Lin, Rong Fan, Zhengjun Hou, Xiumei Cao, Yubin Ren
In this study, poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) micropillar substrates were fabricated to evaluate the influence of topographic substrates on cell morphological and functional characteristics, such as spreading area, voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) and membrane potential. The proliferation, spreading area, perimeter and circularity of SH-SY5Y cells interfaced with different substrates were first investigated. In addition, the cytoskeleton and focal adhesion of a cell as important manifestations of cell morphology were analyzed by immunofluorescence...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Eric C Wilkerson, David J Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) is a biostimulatory filler approved for use in HIV lipoatrophy as well as cosmetic improvement in facial folds and wrinkles in immunocompetent patients. Similar to the face and hands, the décolletage is commonly subject to photodamage and the resulting appearance of rhytids and crepiness, which could benefit from PLLA treatment. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to assess the safety and efficacy of injected PLLA for the improvement in rhytids and crepiness of the décolletage...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Elias Mulky, Katharina Maniura-Weber, Martin Frenz, Giuseppino Fortunato, Reto Luginbuehl
Electrospun micro- and nano-sized fibers are frequently used as reinforcing elements in low temperature ceramic composites for biomedical applications. Electrospinning of fibers yield, however, not individual fibers, but rather fiber-mats that are difficult to separate. Most investigations have been performed on diced mats and highly non-homogenous composites. We examined the influence of dispersed electrospun single micro- and nano-meter fibers on the mechanical properties of calcium phosphate cement composites...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Heqing Cao, Xiaohua Chang, Hailiang Mao, Jian Zhou, Zi Liang Wu, Guorong Shan, Yongzhong Bao, Pengju Pan
Physical hydrogels crosslinked by non-covalent interactions have attained increasing attention due to their good mechanical properties and processability. However, the use of feasible and controllable non-covalent interactions is highly essential for preparing such hydrogels. In this article, we report on stereocomplexed physical hydrogels prepared by simple casting and swelling of amphiphilic graft copolymers bearing a poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) backbone and poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) or poly(d-lactic acid) (PDLA) stereocomplexable side chains...
November 22, 2017: Soft Matter
Maria Inam, Graeme Cambridge, Anaïs Pitto-Barry, Zachary P L Laker, Neil R Wilson, Robert T Mathers, Andrew P Dove, Rachel K O'Reilly
2D materials such as graphene, LAPONITE® clays or molybdenum disulfide nanosheets are of extremely high interest to the materials community as a result of their high surface area and controllable surface properties. While several methods to access 2D inorganic materials are known, the investigation of 2D organic nanomaterials is less well developed on account of the lack of ready synthetic accessibility. Crystallization-driven self-assembly (CDSA) has become a powerful method to access a wide range of complex but precisely-defined nanostructures...
June 1, 2017: Chemical Science
Guoqiang Zhou, Sudan Liu, Yanyan Ma, Wenshi Xu, Wei Meng, Xue Lin, Wenying Wang, Shuxiang Wang, Jinchao Zhang
The development of an artificial bone graft which can promote the regeneration of fractures or diseased bones is currently the most challenging aspect in bone tissue engineering. To achieve the purpose of promoting bone proliferation and differentiation, the artificial graft needs have a similar structure and composition of extracellular matrix. One-step electrospinning method of biocomposite nanofibers containing hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticles and collagen (Coll) were developed for potential application in bone tissue engineering...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
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