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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538913/challenges-for-the-formulation-implantation-and-implementation-of-a-national-health-surveillance-policy-in-brazil
#1
Raphael Mendonça Guimarães, Karina Cardoso Meira, Elisabete Pimenta Araújo Paz, Viviane Gomes Parreira Dutra, Carlos Eduardo Aguilera Campos
This article examines the evolution of health surveillance policies as actions, models and systems, as well as contributing to the debate about the constitution of the National Health Surveillance Policy (PNVS). The article discusses conceptual elements regarding the notion of health surveillance and its evolution in Brazil and a trajectory is provided in relation to the construction of care models, particularly after the creation of the Unified Health System (SUS). The possibility of using the framework of public policies based on evidence, and methods for analyzing health situations, such as spatial analysis and time series, are highlighted...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538830/subjective-memory-complaints-and-their-relation-with-verbal-fluency-in-active-older-people
#2
Flavia Rodrigues Bernardes, Camila Kretzer Machado, Monique Coan Souza, Marcos José Machado, Aline Megumi Arakawa Belaunde
Purpose: To verify subjective memory complaints and their relation to verbal fluency in older people participating in community groups. Methods: An epidemiological quantitative study performed in community groups for older people in Florianópolis, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Data were collected by structured interview using the Memory Complaint Questionnaire (MAC-Q) and the Verbal Fluency Test (VFT) by semantic categories "animals/minute". For an inferential descriptive analysis, data with p < 5% were considered...
May 22, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538829/maturation-of-long-latency-auditory-evoked-potentials-in-hearing-children-systematic-review
#3
Liliane Aparecida Fagundes Silva, Fernanda Cristina Leite Magliaro, Ana Claudia Martinho de Carvalho, Carla Gentile Matas
Purpose: To analyze how Auditory Long Latency Evoked Potentials (LLAEP) change according to age in children population through a systematic literature review. Research strategies: After formulation of the research question, a bibliographic survey was done in five data bases with the following descriptors: Electrophysiology (Eletrofisiologia), Auditory Evoked Potentials (Potenciais Evocados Auditivos), Child (Criança), Neuronal Plasticity (Plasticidade Neuronal) and Audiology (Audiologia)...
May 15, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537814/a-human-oriented-framework-for-developing-assistive-service-robots
#4
Conor McGinn, Michael F Cullinan, Mark Culleton, Kevin Kelly
PURPOSE: Multipurpose robots that can perform a range of useful tasks have the potential to increase the quality of life for many people living with disabilities. Owing to factors such as high system complexity, as-yet unresolved research questions and current technology limitations, there is a need for effective strategies to coordinate the development process. METHOD: Integrating established methodologies based on human-centred design and universal design, a framework was formulated to coordinate the robot design process over successive iterations of prototype development...
May 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533782/towards-an-integrative-understanding-of-diet-host-gut-microbiome-interactions
#5
Mark N Read, Andrew J Holmes
Over the last 20 years, a sizeable body of research has linked the microbiome and host diet to a remarkable diversity of diseases. Yet, unifying principles of microbiome assembly or function, at levels required to rationally manipulate a specific individual's microbiome to their benefit, have not emerged. A key driver of both community composition and activity is the host diet, but diet-microbiome interactions cannot be characterized without consideration of host-diet interactions such as appetite and digestion...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533458/how-camouflage-works
#6
REVIEW
Sami Merilaita, Nicholas E Scott-Samuel, Innes C Cuthill
For camouflage to succeed, an individual has to pass undetected, unrecognized or untargeted, and hence it is the processing of visual information that needs to be deceived. Camouflage is therefore an adaptation to the perception and cognitive mechanisms of another animal. Although this has been acknowledged for a long time, there has been no unitary account of the link between visual perception and camouflage. Viewing camouflage as a suite of adaptations to reduce the signal-to-noise ratio provides the necessary common framework...
July 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530116/autism-and-attachment-difficulties-overlap-of-symptoms-implications-and-innovative-solutions
#7
Rebecca McKenzie, Rudi Dallos
This article explores overlap of symptoms between autism and attachment difficulties and suggests innovative solutions based on formulation. Currently, clinicians express difficulties in differentiating between these conditions contributing to misdiagnosis. Research into the prevalence of attachment difficulties among children with autism often fails to reflect detailed knowledge of attachment theory. Consequently, studies in this area employ questionable modifications to attachment measures and methods of analysis...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527854/barriers-to-initiation-of-extended-release-naltrexone-among-hiv-infected-adults-with-alcohol-use-disorders
#8
Hélène Chokron Garneau, Alexandra Venegas, Richard Rawson, Lara A Ray, Suzette Glasner
Alcohol consumption is a major risk factor for the acquisition of HIV/AIDS and is associated with greater disease burden and mortality among those who become HIV-infected. Of the extant pharmacological treatments for alcohol use disorders, naltrexone is recognized as one of the most efficacious, producing robust reductions in alcohol craving and use. Given that treatment with oral naltrexone has been limited by problems with adherence, which are particularly prevalent among individuals with multiple chronic, co-occurring conditions, long-acting formulations may be a promising approach for HIV-infected substance users...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524377/to-be-or-not-to-be-a-caregiver-s-question-the-lived-experience-of-a-stroke-family-during-the-first-18-months-poststroke
#9
Cheryl L Olivier, Jill Phillips, Dianne E Roy
BACKGROUND: Disability following a stroke often requires family, commonly a spouse, to provide care enabling the stroke survivor to return home. Immediate or extended family and friends may help provide direct care or support the primary caregiver. While family members share the common stroke experience, this is lived within the context of separate lives. Research examining the individual nuances, roles and contribution of family and/or friends forming part of collective stroke networks, has largely been overlooked...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523384/the-need-for-restructuring-the-disordered-science-of-amorphous-drug-formulations
#10
REVIEW
Khadijah Edueng, Denny Mahlin, Christel A S Bergström
The alarming numbers of poorly soluble discovery compounds have centered the efforts towards finding strategies to improve the solubility. One of the attractive approaches to enhance solubility is via amorphization despite the stability issue associated with it. Although the number of amorphous-based research reports has increased tremendously after year 2000, little is known on the current research practice in designing amorphous formulation and how it has changed after the concept of solid dispersion was first introduced decades ago...
May 18, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522379/the-coding-question
#11
REVIEW
C R Gallistel
Recent electrophysiological results imply that the duration of the stimulus onset asynchrony in eyeblink conditioning is encoded by a mechanism intrinsic to the cerebellar Purkinje cell. This raises the general question - how is quantitative information (durations, distances, rates, probabilities, amounts, etc.) transmitted by spike trains and encoded into engrams? The usual assumption is that information is transmitted by firing rates. However, rate codes are energetically inefficient and computationally awkward...
May 15, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521249/using-a-videogame-to-facilitate-nursing-and-medical-students-first-visit-to-the-operating-theatre-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Ángel Del Blanco, Javier Torrente, Baltasar Fernández-Manjón, Pedro Ruiz, Manuel Giner
BACKGROUND: First experiences in the operating theatre with real patients are always stressful and intimidating for students. We hypothesized that a game-like simulation could improve perceptions and performance of novices. METHODS: A videogame was developed, combining pictures and short videos, by which students are interactively instructed on acting at the surgical block. Moreover, the game includes detailed descriptive information. After playing, students are given feedback on their performance...
May 9, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516869/recommendations-for-infectious-disease-screening-in-migrants-to-western-europe-with-inflammatory-arthropathies-before-starting-biologic-agents-results-from-a-multidisciplinary-task-force-of-four-european-societies-sir-ser-simet-semtsi-facing-the-lar
#13
Filippo Bartalesi, Carlo Scirè, Ana Requena-Méndez, Miguel Angel Abad, Dora Buonfrate, Roberto Caporali, Fabrizio Conti, Federico Diaz-Gonzalez, Cruz Fernández-Espartero, Carmen Martinez-Fernandez, Marta Mascarello, Elena Generali, Giovanni Minisola, Aldo Morrone, Jose Muñoz, Patricia Richi, Gariffalia Sakellariou, Joaquin Salas Coronas, Michele Spinicci, Francesco Castelli, Alessandro Bartoloni, Zeno Bisoffi, Francisco Gimenez-Sanchez, Santiago Muñoz-Fernandez, Marco Matucci-Cerinic
OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory arthritis needs infectious disease screening before starting a biologic agent, however, few data are known about migrant patients, who represent a peculiar population which requires a multidisciplinary approach among international health specialists and should also be considered by health authorities. For this reason, the Italian and Spanish Societies of Rheumatology (SIR and SER) and Tropical Medicine (SIMET and SEMTSI) promoted a multidisciplinary task force in order to produce specific recommendations about screening and advices to be considered in migrant patients with inflammatory arthritis candidate to receive biological therapy, according to their geographical origin...
May 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516196/coupling-dynamics-in-speech-gestures-amplitude-and-rate-influences
#14
Pascal H H M van Lieshout
Speech is a complex oral motor function that involves multiple articulators that need to be coordinated in space and time at relatively high movement speeds. How this is accomplished remains an important and largely unresolved empirical question. From a coordination dynamics perspective, coordination involves the assembly of coordinative units that are characterized by inherently stable coupling patterns that act as attractor states for task-specific actions. In the motor control literature, one particular model formulated by Haken et al...
May 17, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508797/a-web-based-tool-to-evaluate-data-quality-of-reused-health-data-assets
#15
Christopher Wendl, Georg Duftschmid, Deniz Gezgin, Niki Popper, Florian Miksch, Christoph Rinner
BACKGROUND: Data from the health care domain is often reused to create and parameterize simulation models for example to support life science business in the evaluation of new products. Data quality assessments play an important part to help model users in interpreting simulation results by showing deficiencies in the raw data used in the model building and offers model builders a comparison of data quality amongst the used data assets. OBJECTIVES: Assess data quality in raw data prior to creating simulation models and prepare results for model users...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507746/guidelines-on-eosinophilic-esophagitis-evidence-based-statements-and-recommendations-for-diagnosis-and-management-in-children-and-adults
#16
REVIEW
Alfredo J Lucendo, Javier Molina-Infante, Ángel Arias, Ulrike von Arnim, Albert J Bredenoord, Christian Bussmann, Jorge Amil Dias, Mogens Bove, Jesús González-Cervera, Helen Larsson, Stephan Miehlke, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Joaquín Rodríguez-Sánchez, Alberto Ravelli, Jukka Ronkainen, Cecilio Santander, Alain M Schoepfer, Martin A Storr, Ingrid Terreehorst, Alex Straumann, Stephen E Attwood
INTRODUCTION: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is one of the most prevalent esophageal diseases and the leading cause of dysphagia and food impaction in children and young adults. This underlines the importance of optimizing diagnosys and treatment of the condition, especially after the increasing amount of knowledge on EoE recently published. Therefore, the UEG, EAACI ESPGHAN, and EUREOS deemed it necessary to update the current guidelines regarding conceptual and epidemiological aspects, diagnosis, and treatment of EoE...
April 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501070/use-of-evidence-based-decision-making-in-comprehensive-dental-treatment-of-a-patient-with-meth-mouth-a-case-report
#17
Saad A Al Hazzani
OBJECTIVE: This case report illustrates the use of evidence-based practice in formulating a comprehensive dental treatment plan for a patient who presented himself with signs of oral health debilitation accompanying methamphetamine (MA) abuse called "meth mouth" with the goal of providing dental care practitioners in Saudi Arabia with an insight into the global problem of MA abuse and its impact on oral health. BACKGROUND: This report documents the case of a 22-year-old male patient who reported to the clinic with rampant caries caused due to MA abuse exacerbated by poor oral hygiene and smoking habit...
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498144/the-impact-of-preexposure-prophylaxis-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-an-individual-based-model
#18
Parastu Kasaie, Jeff Pennington, Maunank S Shah, Stephen A Berry, Danielle German, Colin P Flynn, Chris Beyrer, David W Dowdy
OBJECTIVES: Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is recommended for preventing HIV infection among individuals at high risk, including men who have sex with men (MSM). Although its individual-level efficacy is proven, questions remain regarding population-level impact of PrEP implementation. DESIGN: We developed an agent-based simulation of HIV transmission among MSM, accounting for demographics, sexual contact network, HIV disease stage, and use of antiretroviral therapy...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493774/urinary-catheter-related-visits-to-the-emergency-department-and-implications-for-community-services
#19
Tiziana Ansell, Danielle Harari
Thousands of patients live with urinary catheters and the potential complications deriving from long-term use. Disjointed community services may result in patients attending the emergency department (ED) to manage catheter complications. AIM: to conduct a service review of catheterised patients attending the ED of a large London hospital; to describe incidence, reasons for attendance and cost to inform future planning for out-of-hospital care. METHOD: a catheter collaborative, consisting of multidisciplinary health professionals and patients, formulated survey questions...
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492296/italian-consensus-in-neuroradiological-anaesthesia-icona-managing-anaesthesia-during-endovascular-procedures
#20
Carlo A Castioni, Andrea Amadori, Federico Bilotta, Moreno Bolzon, Edoardo Barboni, Anselmo Caricato, Guido Dall'acqua, Francesco DI Paola, Andrea Forastieri Molinari, Paolo Gritti, Italia LA Rosa, Marcello Longo, Carla Maglione, Pietro Martorano, Marina Munari, Valerio Perotti, Frank Rasulo, Maria Ruggiero, Antonio Santoro, Luigia Scudeller, Miriam Tumolo, Anna T Mazzeo
Anaesthetic management of patients undergoing endovascular procedures for treating intracranial aneurysms or cerebrovascular malformations must consider a number of specific challenges, in addition to those associated with anaesthesia for other specialties. In addition to maintenance of physiological stability, manipulation of systemic and cerebral haemodynamic parameters may be required to treat any sudden unexpected catastrophic neurological events. A multidisciplinary group including neuro- and pediatric anaesthesiologists, interventional neuroradiologists, neurosurgeons, and a clinical methodologist contributed to this document...
May 11, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
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