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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897898/mother-to-child-transmission-of-chikungunya-virus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Despina Contopoulos-Ioannidis, Shoshana Newman-Lindsay, Camille Chow, A Desiree LaBeaud
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an emerging arboviral infection with a global distribution and may cause fetal and neonatal infections after maternal CHIKV-infections during gestation. METHODOLOGY: We performed a systematic review to evaluate the risk for: a) mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), b) antepartum fetal deaths (APFD), c) symptomatic neonatal disease, and d) neonatal deaths from maternal CHIKV-infections during gestation. We also recorded the neonatal clinical manifestations after such maternal infections (qualitative data synthesis)...
June 13, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895235/reliability-and-validity-of-frontal-plane-kinematics-of-the-trunk-and-lower-extremity-measured-with-two-dimensional-cameras-during-athletic-tasks-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#2
Thiago Jambo Alves Lopes, Deisi Ferrari, Joshua Ioannidis, Milena Simic, Fábio Mícolis de Azevedo, Evangelos Pappas
Study Design Systematic review with meta-analysis. Background Two-dimensional (2D) analysis is commonly used to quantify frontal plane kinematics of the trunk and lower extremity; however, there are conflicting results regarding the reliability and validity of these measurements. Objective To synthesize the current literature to determine if 2D analysis is a reliable and valid method of measuring frontal plane kinematics of the trunk and lower extremity during squatting, landing and cutting tasks. Methods MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus and SportDISCUS databases were searched from inception until March 2017...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886003/mapping-risk-factors-for-depression-across-the-lifespan-an-umbrella-review-of-evidence-from-meta-analyses-and-mendelian-randomization-studies
#3
REVIEW
Cristiano A Köhler, Evangelos Evangelou, Brendon Stubbs, Marco Solmi, Nicola Veronese, Lazaros Belbasis, Beatrice Bortolato, Matias C A Melo, Camila A Coelho, Brisa S Fernandes, Mark Olfson, John P A Ioannidis, André F Carvalho
The development of depression may involve a complex interplay of environmental and genetic risk factors. PubMed and PsycInfo databases were searched from inception through August 3, 2017, to identify meta-analyses and Mendelian randomization (MR) studies of environmental risk factors associated with depression. For each eligible meta-analysis, we estimated the summary effect size and its 95% confidence interval (CI) by random-effects modeling, the 95% prediction interval, heterogeneity with I2 , and evidence of small-study effects and excess significance bias...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859691/extensive-countrywide-field-investigation-of-subclinical-mastitis-in-sheep-in-greece
#4
N G C Vasileiou, P J Cripps, K S Ioannidi, D C Chatzopoulos, D A Gougoulis, S Sarrou, D C Orfanou, A P Politis, T Calvo Gonzalez-Valerio, S Argyros, V S Mavrogianni, E Petinaki, G C Fthenakis
The objectives of this work were (1) to investigate prevalence of subclinical mastitis, (2) to identify etiological agents involved, and (3) to study factors potentially predisposing ewes to subclinical mastitis. Milk samples were collected from 2,198 ewes in 111 farms with a total population of 35,925 ewes, in all 13 administrative regions of Greece, for bacteriological and cytological examination. Prevalence of subclinical mastitis was 0.260. Main etiological agents were staphylococci (Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative species), which accounted for 0...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850351/left-functional-pneumonectomy-caused-by-a-very-rare-giant-intrathoracic-cystic-lesion-in-a-patient-with-gorham-stout-syndrome-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Nikolaos Tasis, Ioannis Tsouknidas, Argyrios Ioannidis, Konstantinos Nassiopoulos, Dimitrios Filippou
Gorham-Stout syndrome is an uncommon entity, with few cases reported in bibliography. It consists of osteolytic manifestations affecting various bones and replacing them with lymphangiomatous tissue. With pathophysiology unknown, Gorham-Stout disease affects also cardiorespiratory system usually causing lytic lesions to the bones of the thoracic cage or directly invading the thoracic duct. This is a case report of a unique respiratory manifestation of the disease and a review of its cardiorespiratory complications...
2018: Case Reports in Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846298/a-case-series-of-outcomes-in-isolated-subsegmental-pulmonary-embolism-on-ventilation-perfusion-imaging
#6
Amy Mallorie, Kenneth Chan, Stefanos Ioannidis, Matthew Stubbs, Shaunak Navalkissoor, Thomas Wagner
OBJECTIVES: The risk of recurrent venous thromboembolic disease and the management of patients with isolated subsegmental pulmonary embolism (SSPE) remain unclear. We sought to assess the long-term clinical outcome of patients with isolated SSPE demonstrated by isolated subsegmental mismatch found on ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) scans. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective observational study of 1300 consecutive patients with suspected pulmonary embolism who underwent index V/Q single-photon emission computed tomography between 2012 and 2013...
May 25, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808640/the-beta-cell-death-in-long-term-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-never-say-never-again
#7
Theocharis Koufakis, Ioannis Ioannidis, Pantelis Zebekakis, Kalliopi Kotsa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 28, 2018: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801159/automated-diagnosis-of-plus-disease-in-retinopathy-of-prematurity-using-deep-convolutional-neural-networks
#8
James M Brown, J Peter Campbell, Andrew Beers, Ken Chang, Susan Ostmo, R V Paul Chan, Jennifer Dy, Deniz Erdogmus, Stratis Ioannidis, Jayashree Kalpathy-Cramer, Michael F Chiang
Importance: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of childhood blindness worldwide. The decision to treat is primarily based on the presence of plus disease, defined as dilation and tortuosity of retinal vessels. However, clinical diagnosis of plus disease is highly subjective and variable. Objective: To implement and validate an algorithm based on deep learning to automatically diagnose plus disease from retinal photographs. Design, Setting, and Participants: A deep convolutional neural network was trained using a data set of 5511 retinal photographs...
May 2, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788748/the-impact-of-comorbid-impulsive-compulsive-disorders-in-problematic-internet-use
#9
Samuel R Chamberlain, Konstantinos Ioannidis, Jon E Grant
Background and aims Problematic Internet use (PIU) is commonplace but is not yet recognized as a formal mental disorder. Excessive Internet use could result from other conditions such as gambling disorder. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of impulsive-compulsive comorbidities on the presentation of PIU, defined using Young's Diagnostic Questionnaire. Methods A total of 123 adults aged 18-29 years were recruited using media advertisements, and attended the research center for a detailed psychiatric assessment, including interviews, completion of questionnaires, and neuropsychological testing...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788243/social-support-and-the-intimate-partner-violence-victimization-among-adults-from-six-european-countries
#10
Nicole Geovana Dias, Diogo Costa, Joaquim Soares, Eleni Hatzidimitriadou, Elisabeth Ioannidi-Kapolou, Jutta Lindert, Örjan Sundin, Olga Toth, Henrique Barros, Silvia Fraga
Background: Social support may buffer the negative effects of violence on physical and mental health. Family medicine providers play an essential role in identifying the available social support and intervening in intimate partner violence (IPV). Objective: This study aimed at assessing the association between social support and the IPV victimization among adults from six European countries. Methods: This is a cross-sectional multi-centre study that included individuals from Athens (Greece), Budapest (Hungary), London (UK), Östersund (Sweden), Porto (Portugal) and Stuttgart (Germany)...
May 21, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776687/randomized-controlled-trials-often-flawed-mostly-useless-clearly-indispensable-a-commentary-on-deaton-and-cartwright
#11
John P A Ioannidis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763503/clinical-performance-of-dental-implants-following-sinus-floor-augmentation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials-with-at-least-3-years-of-follow-up
#12
Georgios N Antonoglou, Andreas Stavropoulos, Maria D Samara, Alexis Ioannidis, Goran I Benic, Spyridon N Papageorgiou, George K Sándor
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to assess the survival of implants placed in augmented sinuses on a medium- to long-term basis, and identify factors affecting implant survival such as surgical technique, bone grafts, and timing of implant placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search up to July 2016 was performed to identify prospective clinical studies on sinus floor augmentation in conjunction with implant placement with a minimum follow-up of 3 years...
May 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763472/p-values-in-display-items-are-ubiquitous-and-almost-invariably-significant-a-survey-of-top-science-journals
#13
Ioana Alina Cristea, John P A Ioannidis
P values represent a widely used, but pervasively misunderstood and fiercely contested method of scientific inference. Display items, such as figures and tables, often containing the main results, are an important source of P values. We conducted a survey comparing the overall use of P values and the occurrence of significant P values in display items of a sample of articles in the three top multidisciplinary journals (Nature, Science, PNAS) in 2017 and, respectively, in 1997. We also examined the reporting of multiplicity corrections and its potential influence on the proportion of statistically significant P values...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754218/genetic-variants-in-the-hla-class-ii-region-associated-with-risk-of-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#14
Wei Wang, Hanna M Ollila, Alice S Whittemore, Shadmehr Demehri, Nilah M Ioannidis, Eric Jorgenson, Emmanuel Mignot, Maryam M Asgari
BACKGROUND: The immune system has been implicated in the pathophysiology of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) as evidenced by the substantially increased risk of cSCC in immunosuppressed individuals. Associations between cSCC risk and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the HLA region have been identified by genome-wide association studies (GWAS). The translation of the associated HLA SNPs to structural amino acids changes in HLA molecules has not been previously elucidated...
May 12, 2018: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745071/short-term-outcomes-in-patients-with-colon-cancer-treated-with-robotic-right-colectomy
#15
Argyrios Ioannidis, Konstantinos Kontzoglou, Gregory Kouraklis, Nikolaos Machairas, Periklis Chrysoheris, Fotis Antonakopoulos, Michalis Konstantinidis, Dimitrios Filippou, Panagiotis Skandalakis, Konstantinos Konstantinidis
PURPOSE: To report a single surgeon series of consecutive robotic right colectomies (RRC) performed for non-metastatic right colon cancer. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of patients who underwent elective robotic right colectomy for right colon adenocarcinoma was conducted. Patients with stage 0-III disease were included in the study. Outcomes evaluated included operative time, number of lymph nodes harvested, estimated blood loss, time to return of bowel function, length of hospital stay, complications and a minimum of 6-month follow up...
March 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732491/orthodontic-bonding-and-debonding-induces-structural-changes-but-does-not-alter-the-mechanical-properties-of-enamel
#16
Alexis Ioannidis, Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Iosif Sifakakis, Spiros Zinelis, George Eliades, Theodore Eliades
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of the bonding procedure on the mechanical properties of human enamel. METHODS: A total of 20 extracted human premolars were included in this study, with the half of each tooth acting as its own internal control. Embedded and horizontally cut specimens were prepared, and two bucco-orally zones were separated. The first enamel zone of each tooth remained untreated. The opposing zone was subjected to simulated bonding and debonding, including etching with 37% phosphoric acid, bonding with primer and flowable composite resin, and subsequent removal of the composite with an adhesive removal bur...
May 7, 2018: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723196/all-science-should-inform-policy-and-regulation
#17
EDITORIAL
John P A Ioannidis
In the context of a recent proposal to exclude research from consideration at the Environmental Protection Agency, John Ioannidis points out that "perceived perfection is not a characteristic of science, but of dogma" and envisions how governments can promote a standard of openness in science.
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717691/probability-of-major-depression-diagnostic-classification-using-semi-structured-versus-fully-structured-diagnostic-interviews
#18
Brooke Levis, Andrea Benedetti, Kira E Riehm, Nazanin Saadat, Alexander W Levis, Marleine Azar, Danielle B Rice, Matthew J Chiovitti, Tatiana A Sanchez, Pim Cuijpers, Simon Gilbody, John P A Ioannidis, Lorie A Kloda, Dean McMillan, Scott B Patten, Ian Shrier, Russell J Steele, Roy C Ziegelstein, Dickens H Akena, Bruce Arroll, Liat Ayalon, Hamid R Baradaran, Murray Baron, Anna Beraldi, Charles H Bombardier, Peter Butterworth, Gregory Carter, Marcos H Chagas, Juliana C N Chan, Rushina Cholera, Neerja Chowdhary, Kerrie Clover, Yeates Conwell, Janneke M de Man-van Ginkel, Jaime Delgadillo, Jesse R Fann, Felix H Fischer, Benjamin Fischler, Daniel Fung, Bizu Gelaye, Felicity Goodyear-Smith, Catherine G Greeno, Brian J Hall, John Hambridge, Patricia A Harrison, Ulrich Hegerl, Leanne Hides, Stevan E Hobfoll, Marie Hudson, Thomas Hyphantis, Masatoshi Inagaki, Khalida Ismail, Nathalie Jetté, Mohammad E Khamseh, Kim M Kiely, Femke Lamers, Shen-Ing Liu, Manote Lotrakul, Sonia R Loureiro, Bernd Löwe, Laura Marsh, Anthony McGuire, Sherina Mohd Sidik, Tiago N Munhoz, Kumiko Muramatsu, Flávia L Osório, Vikram Patel, Brian W Pence, Philippe Persoons, Angelo Picardi, Alasdair G Rooney, Iná S Santos, Juwita Shaaban, Abbey Sidebottom, Adam Simning, Lesley Stafford, Sharon Sung, Pei Lin Lynnette Tan, Alyna Turner, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis, Henk C van Weert, Paul A Vöhringer, Jennifer White, Mary A Whooley, Kirsty Winkley, Mitsuhiko Yamada, Yuying Zhang, Brett D Thombs
BACKGROUND: Different diagnostic interviews are used as reference standards for major depression classification in research. Semi-structured interviews involve clinical judgement, whereas fully structured interviews are completely scripted. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), a brief fully structured interview, is also sometimes used. It is not known whether interview method is associated with probability of major depression classification.AimsTo evaluate the association between interview method and odds of major depression classification, controlling for depressive symptom scores and participant characteristics...
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715602/characterization-of-spoilage-markers-in-modified-atmosphere-packaged-iceberg-lettuce
#19
Angelos-Gerasimos Ioannidis, Frederiek-Maarten Kerckhof, Yasmine Riahi Drif, Mike Vanderroost, Nico Boon, Peter Ragaert, Bruno De Meulenaer, Frank Devlieghere
Fresh cut iceberg lettuce spoilage was studied considering the microbial and biochemical activity, the formation of volatile organic compounds (VOC) and consumer acceptability. Lettuce was packaged under three different packaging conditions and stored at 4 °C for 10 days: anaerobic packaging (ANAER), equilibrium modified atmosphere packaging with 3% O2 (EMAP) and perforated packages (AIR). Results indicated a clear distinction between packaging conditions. EMAP and AIR resulted in a short shelf life (≤5...
April 22, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710335/elderly-man-with-left-iliac-fossa-and-inguinal-pain
#20
Argyrios Ioannidis, Christos Koutserimpas, Nikolaos Nikitakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2018: JAMA Surgery
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