keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Superficial

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545293/the-current-management-of-deep-endometriosis-a-systematic-review
#1
Marina de Paula Andres, Giuliano M Borrelli, Rosanne M Kho, Mauricio S Abrão
INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects young women in reproductive age. It has mainly three different clinical presentations: superficial (peritoneal), ovarian (endometriomas) and deep endometriosis (DE). The last one is the most advanced form of the disease, frequently impairing fertility and harming women's quality of life. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We conducted a systematic review on the surgical treatment of DE in the last ten years focusing on its benefits to improve quality of life (QoL) and for pain relief as well as related surgical complications...
May 25, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545270/-correlation-between-mutation-of-p53-gene-2-4-exons-from-peripheral-blood-and-hpv16-positive-cervical-cancer-susceptibility-and-clinical-significance
#2
C M Yin, Y F Yao, Z L Yan, H Y Yang
Objective: To detect mutations of p53 gene 2-4 exons from peripheral blood and to explore their relevance in HPV16-positive cervical cancer susceptibility and clinical significance. Methods: Collected firstly cases from the Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from October 2012 to April 2014, included 167 cases HPV16-postive cervical cancer and 160 cases HPV-negative healthy women. Genomic DNA from the host peripheral venous blood was taken, mutations of p53 gene 2-4 exons were analyzed with software DNAstar after PCR and bidirectional sequencing...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545045/differences-in-speb-protease-activity-among-group-a-streptococci-associated-with-superficial-invasive-and-autoimmune-disease
#3
Anhphan T Ly, John P Noto, Odaelys L Walwyn, Robert R Tanz, Stanford T Shulman, William Kabat, Debra E Bessen
The secreted cysteine proteinase SpeB is an important virulence factor of group A streptococci (GAS), whereby SpeB activity varies widely among strains. To establish the degree to which SpeB activity correlates with disease, GAS organisms were recovered from patients with pharyngitis, impetigo, invasive disease or acute rheumatic fever (ARF), and selected for analysis using rigorous sampling criteria; >300 GAS isolates were tested for SpeB activity by casein digestion assays, and each GAS isolate was scored as a SpeB-producer or non-producer...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544961/superficial-physicochemical-properties-of-polyurethane-biomaterials-as-osteogenic-regulators-in-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-fates
#4
Mohsen Shahrousvand, Gity Mir Mohamad Sadeghi, Ehsan Shahrousvand, Marzieh Ghollasi, Ali Salimi
All of the cells' interactions are done through their surfaces. Evaluation of surface physicochemical scaffolds along with other factors is important and determines the fate of stem cells. In this work, biodegradable and biocompatible polyester/polyether based polyurethanes (PUs) were synthesized by polycaprolactone diol (PCL) and poly (tetra methylene ether) glycol (PTMEG) as the soft segment. To assess better the impact of surface parameters such as stiffness and roughness effects on osteogenic differentiation of the human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC), the dimension effect of substrates was eliminated and two-dimensional membranes were produced by synthesized polyurethane...
May 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544132/-can-not-talk-about-it-urinary-incontinence-from-the-point-of-view-of-stroke-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#5
Myrta Kohler, Hanna Mayer, Jürg Kesselring, Susi Saxer
PURPOSE: The current study intends to gain an in-depth understanding of stroke survivors' lived experience of urinary incontinence and its treatment in an inpatient rehabilitation clinic. METHODS: A qualitative approach was chosen. Semi-structured individual interviews with ten stroke survivors suffering from urinary incontinence were conducted in an inpatient rehabilitation clinic and analysed using qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. RESULTS: '(Can) not talk about it' was identified as the first main category...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544044/carcinoma-ex-basal-cell-adenoma-of-the-parotid-gland-a-report-of-an-extremely-rare-case
#6
Kimihide Kusafuka, Takuya Kawasaki, Takashi Nakajima, Takashi Sugino
Malignant non-basaloid tumors that arise from basal cell adenoma (BCA) are extremely rare. The patient was a 72-year-old Japanese male, who had noticed swelling of the left parotid region 21 years ago. A superficial lobectomy was performed. About 60% of the tumor was made up of cribriform and trabecular tissue composed of basaloid cells, which exhibited mild atypia and nuclear expression of β-catenin. This portion of the tumor was considered to be a BCA. In the other part of the tumor, the proliferation of large eosinophilic atypical cells, most of which formed intraductal structures, was observed...
May 19, 2017: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543814/intra-and-interindividual-variability-of-fatty-acid-unsaturation-in-six-different-human-adipose-tissue-compartments-assessed-by-1-h-mrs-in-vivo-at-3%C3%A2-t
#7
Jürgen Machann, Norbert Stefan, Robert Wagner, Malte Bongers, Erwin Schleicher, Andreas Fritsche, Hans-Ulrich Häring, Konstantin Nikolaou, Fritz Schick
It is generally accepted that the amount and distribution of adipose tissue (AT) in the human body play an important role in the pathogenesis of metabolic diseases. In addition, metabolic effects of released saturated fatty acids (FAs) in blood are known to be more critical than those of unsaturated FAs. However, little is known about the variability in unsaturation of FAs in various AT compartments. The aim of this prospective study was the assessment of mono- and polyunsaturated FAs in various AT compartments by localized (1) H-MRS in order to obtain insight into the intra- and interindividual variability...
May 25, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543755/comparison-of-two-formulations-of-topical-timolol-for-the-treatment-of-infantile-hemangiomas
#8
Michelle Si Ying Ng, Yong-Kwang Tay, Shanna Shan-Yi Ng, Alice Yee Wah Foong, Mark Jean-Aan Koh
This report compares the efficacy of timolol maleate 0.5% eyedrops (TM) with that of timolol maleate 0.5% ophthalmic gel-forming solution in the treatment of infantile hemangiomas (IHs). Sixty-six patients undergoing treatment with topical timolol were retrospectively reviewed; our results revealed similar therapeutic efficacies for both types of timolol formulations. Early treatment initiation (<3 mos) and superficial lesions correlated with better treatment response. TM eyedrops may be a more cost effective, equally efficacious modality of treatment for IHs...
May 25, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543730/treatment-of-disseminated-superficial-actinic-porokeratosis-with-oral-alitretinoin
#9
B J Park, E H Oh, J E Kim, J Y Ko, Y S Ro
Disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis (DSAP), the most common type of porokeratosis, usually presents as large numbers of lesions on sun-exposed skin. Although several treatment options including corticosteroids, keratolytics, 5-fluorouracil, imiquimod, vitamin D3 analogues, cryotherapy, curettage, laser therapy and dermabrasion may be considered, there is no evidence-based standard treatment.(1-2) Patient 1 was a 26-year-old female who presented with a 2-year history of progressive scaly macules on both upper and lower extremities...
May 22, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543715/a-novel-nonframeshift-deletion-in-mvk-gene-responsible-for-disseminated-superficial-actinic-porokeratosis-in-one-chinese-family
#10
Chang-Xing Li, Si-Long Sun, Jing-Yao Liang, Yao-Qin Yuan, San-Quan Zhang, Ping-Jiao Chen, Kang Zeng, Xue-Feng Xie, Xi-Bao Zhang
Disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis (DSAP), a genodermatosis transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait featuring disorder of keratinization, is characterized clinically by annular plaques with an atropic center and hyperkeratotic edges.(1-4) Recently, Zhang et al. (2) reported MVK mutations in 33% familiar and 16% sporadic patients with DSAP by exome sequencing. Here, we report a single novel mutation of MVK, p.Cys161_Arg176del, in a Chinese family suffering from DSAP. This article is protected by copyright...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542660/-trichomycosis-trichobacteriosis-capitis-in-an-infant-microbiological-dermoscopic-and-ultrastructural-features
#11
Alexandro Bonifaz, Ixchel Ramírez-Ricarte, Alejandra Rodríguez-Leviz, Marco A Hernández, Carlos Mena, Adriana Valencia
Trichomycosis is a superficial infection caused by Corynebacterium flavescens, which regularly affects axillary, and to a a lesser extent, pubic, scrotal and intergluteal, and exceptionally, head hairs or trichomycosis capitis (TC). This condition is characterised by the formation of bacterial nodules. Clinically, it can be confused with white piedra or pediculosis. The diagnosis is made by microscopic and dermoscopic observation and confirmed by culture. OBJECTIVE: To present a case of TC in an infant and illustrate the microscopic, dermoscopic, and ultrastructural characteristics...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542572/arachidonic-acid-containing-phosphatidylcholine-increases-due-to-microglial-activation-in-ipsilateral-spinal-dorsal-horn-following-spared-sciatic-nerve-injury
#12
Tomohiro Banno, Takao Omura, Noritaka Masaki, Hideyuki Arima, Dongmin Xu, Ayako Okamoto, Michael Costigan, Alban Latremoliere, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Mitsutoshi Setou
Peripheral nerve injury induces substantial molecular changes in the somatosensory system that leads to maladaptive plasticity and cause neuropathic pain. Understanding the molecular pathways responsible for the development of neuropathic pain is essential to the development of novel rationally designed therapeutics. Although lipids make up to half of the dry weight of the spinal cord, their relation with the development of neuropathic pain is poorly understood. We aimed to elucidate the regulation of spinal lipids in response to neuropathic peripheral nerve injury in mice by utilizing matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization imaging mass spectrometry, which allows visualization of lipid distribution within the cord...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541151/morphological-evaluation-of-merkel-cells-and-small-lamellated-sensory-receptors-in-the-equine-foot
#13
Robert M Bowker, Lisa S Lancaster, Diane A Isbell
OBJECTIVE To examine the equine foot for the presence of sensory receptors including Merkel cells and small lamellated Pacinian-like corpuscles (SLPCs). SAMPLE Forefeet obtained from 7 horses following euthanasia for reasons other than foot disease. PROCEDURES Disarticulated feet were cut into either sagittal sections or cross sections and immersed in neutral-buffered 4% formalin. Following fixation, samples were obtained from the midline of the dorsal aspect of the hoof wall and from the frog (cuneus ungulae) between the apex and central sulcus...
June 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540800/a-flexible-70%C3%A2-mhz-phase-controlled-double-waveguide-system-for-hyperthermia-treatment-of-superficial-tumours-with-deep-infiltration
#14
Gerard van Stam, H Petra Kok, Maarten C C M Hulshof, M Willemijn Kolff, Geertjan van Tienhoven, Jan Sijbrands, Akke Bakker, Paul J Zum Vörde Sive Vörding, Sabine Oldenborg, Martijn de Greef, Coen R N Rasch, Hans Crezee
PURPOSE: Superficial tumours with deep infiltration in the upper 15 cm of the trunk cannot be treated adequately with existing hyperthermia systems. The aim of this study was to develop, characterise and evaluate a new flexible two-channel hyperthermia system (AMC-2) for tumours in this region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The two-channel AMC-2 system has two horizontally revolving and height adjustable 70 MHz waveguides. Three different interchangeable antennas with sizes 20 × 34, 15 × 34 and 8...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540619/medial-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-is-necessary-to-restore-anterior-stability-with-anterior-cruciate-and-medial-collateral-ligament-injury
#15
Junjun Zhu, Jiangtao Dong, Brandon Marshall, Monica A Linde, Patrick Smolinski, Freddie H Fu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare knee kinematics and graft forces in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction combined with one of two superficial medial collateral ligament (sMCL) reconstruction techniques (parallel or triangular vector sMCL reconstruction). METHODS: Twenty porcine knees were divided into two groups (n = 20), parallel or triangular vector sMCL reconstruction, with both groups having anatomic single-bundle ACL reconstruction...
May 24, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540449/epidermoid-cysts-are-a-characteristic-feature-of-intrapancreatic-but-not-of-extrapancreatic-accessory-spleens
#16
Kenichi Hirabayashi, Misuzu Yamada, Hirotaka Kono, Atsuko Hadano, Aya Kawanishi, Yumi Takanashi, Yoshiaki Kawaguchi, Toshio Nakagohri, Tetsuya Mine, Naoya Nakamura
Accessory spleens (ASs), ectopic splenic tissue at intrapancreatic and extrapancreatic sites, rarely contain epidermoid cysts. Our aim was to analyze the incidence of epidermoid cysts in ASs and perform an immunohistochemical analysis of its epithelial lining. We included in the study 148 ASs from 135 patients, for which pathological data were available. Eleven were intrapancreatic ASs (IPASs) and 137 were extrapancreatic ASs (EPASs). Six of the eleven (55%) IPASs contained epidermoid cysts, but they were not detected in EPASs...
May 24, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540199/role-of-different-imaging-modalities-of-vascular-calcification-in-predicting-outcomes-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
REVIEW
Sinee Disthabanchong, Sarinya Boongird
Vascular calcification (VC) is common among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The severity of VC is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events and mortality. Risk factors for VC include traditional cardiovascular risk factors as well as CKD-related risk factors such as increased calcium and phosphate load. VC is observed in arteries of all sizes from small arterioles to aorta, both in the intima and the media of arterial wall. Several imaging techniques have been utilized in the evaluation of the extent and the severity of VC...
May 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540135/erratum-rare-association-of-secondary-superficial-siderosis-caused-by-a-fourth-ventricle-hemorrhagic-ependymoma-mimicking-a-cavernoma-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 14 in vol. 8, PMID: 28217393.].
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540124/relationship-of-the-sinus-anatomy-to-surface-landmarks-is-a-function-of-the-sinus-size-difference-between-the-right-and-left-side-anatomical-study-based-on-ct-angiography
#19
Roy S Hwang, Ryan C Turner, Walid Radwan, Rahul Singh, Brandon Lucke-Wold, Abdul Tarabishy, Sanjay Bhatia
BACKGROUND: Several cadaveric studies demonstrate reliable localization of the transverse sinus and the transverse sigmoid junction (TSJ). These studies use the line drawn from the inion to the posterior root of the zygoma (IZ) and the asterion, respectively. We investigated how the size difference between the right and left transverse sinuses (TS) and sigmoid sinuses (SS) affected the accuracy of their respective superficial landmarks, particularly with regards to where this relationship may result in unsafe and/or complicated surgical access...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539229/endoscopic-full-thickness-resection-of-superficial-colorectal-neoplasms-using-a-new-over-the-scope-clip-system-a-single-centre-study
#20
Gianluca Andrisani, Margherita Pizzicannella, Margareth Martino, Roberta Rea, Monica Pandolfi, Chiara Taffon, Marco Caricato, Roberto Coppola, Anna Crescenzi, Guido Costamagna, Francesco Maria Di Matteo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) provides complete en-bloc resection with a histopathological evaluation of submucosal, muscular, and serosal layers. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of a novel over-the-scope device for colorectal EFTR. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective, observational, open-label case study, a total of 20 patients with superficial colorectal neoplasms, underwent EFTR using a new endoscopic full-thickness resection device (FTRD; Ovesco Endoscopy, Tübingen, Germany)...
May 2, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
keyword
keyword
13708
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"