keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Superficial

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353149/different-ways-to-balance-the-spine-in-sitting-muscle-activity-in-specific-postures-differs-between-individuals-with-and-without-a-history-of-back-pain-in-sitting
#1
Andrew P Claus, Julie A Hides, G Lorimer Moseley, Paul W Hodges
BACKGROUND: Previous research explored muscle activity in four distinct sitting postures with fine-wire electromyography, and found that lumbar multifidus muscle activity increased incrementally between sitting with flat thoracolumbar and lumbar regions, long thoracolumbar lordosis, or short lordosis confined to the lumbar region. This study used similar methods to explore whether people with a history of low back pain provoked by prolonged sitting used different patterns of trunk muscle activity in specific postures...
January 10, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352687/what-influence-does-the-time-of-year-have-on-postoperative-complications-following-total-knee-arthroplasty
#2
Nipun Sodhi, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Sarah E Dalton, Jaiben George, Mitchell Ng, Anton Khlopas, Assem A Sultan, Carlos A Higuera, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: The time of year might influence the occurrence of surgical complications. Therefore, this study investigated correlations between the time-of-year and 30-day postoperative complication rates following primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Specifically, we determined (1) postoperative complication rates across all quarters; and (2) time-of-year influence on complications using univariate and multivariate regression analyses. METHODS: CPT code 27447 identified 147,473 TKAs from the NSQIP database...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352627/indications-and-limits-of-stereoelectroencephalography-seeg
#3
REVIEW
Lorella Minotti, Alexandra Montavont, Julia Scholly, Louise Tyvaert, Delphine Taussig
Epilepsy surgery is now an accepted treatment to achieve seizure control in carefully selected patients, both children and adults, suffering from drug-resistant focal epilepsy. Although surgical strategies can often be defined on the basis of non-invasive diagnostic procedures, and despite the recent advances in this field, an increasing number of more complex cases requires invasive EEG (iEEG) to provide precise information on the localization of the epileptogenic zone (EZ), its relationships with eloquent cortex (EC), and the feasibility of a tailored surgical resection...
January 15, 2018: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352619/quantitative-evaluation-of-enzyme-induced-porcine-articular-cartilage-degeneration-based-on-observation-of-entire-cartilage-layer-using-ultrasound
#4
Jingchen Zhang, Liying Xiao, Lingying Tong, Chao Wan, Zhixiu Hao
Enzyme-induced articular cartilage degeneration resembling osteoarthritis was evaluated using a newly defined acoustic parameter, the "averaged magnitude ratio" (AMR), which has been suggested as an indicator of articular cartilage degeneration. In vitro experiments were conducted on porcine cartilage samples digested with trypsin for 2 h (n = 10) and 4 h (n = 13) and healthy control samples (n = 13). AMR was determined with 15- and 25-MHz ultrasound, and the integrated reflection coefficient (IRC) and apparent integrated backscattering coefficient (AIB) were also calculated for comparison...
January 15, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352602/a-rare-cause-of-pyogenic-flexor-tenosynovitis-nocardia-nova
#5
Andrew Wilhelm, Nicholas Romeo, Richard Trevino
Infection complicates approximately 5% of open trigger digit releases. Both superficial and deep infections may occur. We present a unique case of a cactus farmer who underwent an uneventful thumb trigger finger release and subsequently developed pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis and acute carpal tunnel syndrome resulting from Nocardia nova infection.
January 15, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352495/ultrasonographic-based-predictive-factors-influencing-successful-return-to-racing-after-superficial-digital-flexor-tendon-injuries-in-flat-racehorses-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-469-thoroughbred-racehorses-in-hong-kong
#6
R Alzola, C Easter, C M Riggs, D S Gardner, S L Freeman
BACKGROUND: Superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) injury is an important health and welfare concern in racehorses. It is generally diagnosed with ultrasonography, predictive ultrasonographic features have not been reported. OBJECTIVES: To determine ultrasonographic features of forelimb SDFT injury at initial presentation in Thoroughbred racehorses, that could predict a successful return to racing (completing ≥5 races). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
January 20, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352222/artificial-chameleon-skin-that-controls-spectral-radiation-development-of-chameleon-cool-coating-c3
#7
Hiroki Gonome, Masashi Nakamura, Junnosuke Okajima, Shigenao Maruyama
Chameleons have a diagnostic thermal protection that enables them to live under various conditions. Our developed special radiative control therefore is inspired by the chameleon thermal protection ability by imitating its two superposed layers as two pigment particles in one coating layer. One particle imitates a chameleon superficial surface for color control (visible light), and another particle imitates a deep surface to reflect solar irradiation, especially in the near-infrared region. Optical modeling allows us to optimally design the particle size and volume fraction...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351773/treatment-of-long-segment-barrett-s-adenocarcinoma-by-complete-circular-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-a-case-report
#8
Miki Kaneko, Akira Mitoro, Motoyuki Yoshida, Masayoshi Sawai, Yasushi Okura, Masanori Furukawa, Tadashi Namisaki, Kei Moriya, Takemi Akahane, Hideto Kawaratani, Mitsuteru Kitade, Kousuke Kaji, Hiroaki Takaya, Yasuhiko Sawada, Kenichiro Seki, Shinya Sato, Tomomi Fujii, Junichi Yamao, Chiho Obayashi, Hitoshi Yoshiji
BACKGROUND: We present the first description of en bloc endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for total circumferential Barrett's adenocarcinoma, predominantly of the long-segment Barrett's esophagus (LSBE), with a 2-year follow-up and management strategies for esophageal stricture prevention. CASE PRESENTATION: A 59-year-old man was diagnosed with LSBE and Barrett's adenocarcinoma by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). A 55-mm-long circumferential tumor was completely resected by ESD...
January 19, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350783/malignant-mesothelioma-in-situ
#9
Andrew Churg, Harry Hwang, Lawrence Tan, Gefei Qing, Altaf Taher, Amy Tong, AnaMaria Bilawich, Sanja Dacic
The existence of malignant mesothelioma in situ (MIS) is often postulated, but there are no accepted morphologic criteria for making such a diagnosis. Here we report two cases that appear to be true MIS on the basis of in situ genomic analysis. In one case the patient had repeated unexplained pleural unilateral effusions. Two thoracoscopies 9 months apart revealed only visually normal pleura. Biopsies from both thoracoscopies showed only a single layer of mildly reactive mesothelial cells. However, these cells had lost BAP1 and showed loss of CDKN2A ("p16″) by FISH...
January 19, 2018: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350605/in-situ-administration-of-abciximab-for-thrombus-resolution-during-intracranial-bypass-surgery-case-report
#10
Ian A Buchanan, Brian Lee, Arun P Amar, Steven L Giannotta
Abciximab is a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor antagonist that functions to prevent platelet aggregation, thus reducing thrombus initiation and propagation. It has been widely used during percutaneous endovascular interventions, such as aneurysm coil embolization, angioplasty, atherectomy, and stent placement, as both a preventative and a salvage therapy. The use of abciximab in cardiac and neurosurgical procedures has been associated with a reduced incidence of ischemic complications and a decreased need for repeated intervention...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350451/morphological-specializations-of-the-epidermis-of-an-angler-catfish-chaca-chaca-siluriformes-chacidae-in-relation-to-its-ecological-niche-a-scanning-electron-microscopic-investigation
#11
Arup Mistri, Usha Kumari, Swati Mittal, Ajay Kumar Mittal
The present work was undertaken with the aim to deduce morphological adaptations in skin of an angler catfish Chaca chaca by means of scanning electron microscopy. The fish is nocturnal, bottom dwelling, sluggish, ambush predator, lives in sand, mud, or soft substrates often buried and camouflaged for protection and to feed. The surface of the epidermis is covered with polygonal epithelial cells, each having surface relief of microridges forming intricate patterns. In between epithelial cells irregularly distributed mucous cell openings, randomly distributed epidermal specialized structures, taste buds, and neuromasts are discernible...
January 19, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350263/histological-findings-after-argon-plasma-coagulation-an-ex-vivo-study-revealing-a-possible-role-in-superficial-ablative-treatment-of-the-skin
#12
L Schmitz, S Hessam, L Scholl, S Reitenbach, M H Segert, T Gambichler, E Stockfleth, F G Bechara
Argon plasma coagulation (APC) is an electrosurgical technique which can be used to ablate skin lesions with limited invasion depth into dermal tissue. Hence, APC might be well suited for the removal of epithelial tumours. However, there are no data on the effects of APC on human skin tissue. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the extent of epidermal and dermal damage after APC of human skin. We performed APC ex-vivo on 91 freshly resected human skin samples, which were obtained after reconstructive surgical closures in actinically damaged areas...
January 19, 2018: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350066/differential-expression-of-cytokeratin-14-and-18-in-bladder-cancer-tumorigenesis
#13
Yun-Peng Li, Xiao-Peng Jia, Yu-Qing Jiang, Wei Wang, Yun-Liang Wang, Xiu-Li Wang, Yue-Xian Guo
It has been previously suggested that cytokeratins (CKs) are important diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for urothelial lesions. Hence it is imperative to understand the expression pattern of cytokeratins during formation of papillary bladder cancer, which was the objective of the current study. Expression pattern of CK14 and CK18 were examined using immunohistochemical staining in a mice model of papillary bladder cancer. Twenty female mice were divided into two groups-group 1 (NT) and group 2, which received N-butyl- N-(4-hydroxybutyl) nitrosamine (BBN) for 20 weeks plus one week without treatment...
January 1, 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349984/-risk-factors-analysis-on-wound-complications-after-closed-calcaneal-frature-operation-using-lateral-extensive-l-shaped-incision
#14
Xin-Xing Fan, Yang Shen, Wen-Long Xie
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors of wound complications after closed calcaneal fracture operation using a lateral extensive L-shaped incision and to explore the effective interventions to reduce the complications after incision. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical data of 285 patients(315 calcaneal fractures) who underwent open reduction and internal fixation by using the lateral extensive L-shaped incision from January 2011 to January 2015. Eighteen factors which might cause the complications of calcaneal incision were compared by univariate analysis, and multiple Logistic regression analysis was performed for factors with statistically significances...
April 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349970/-total-thigh-musculocutaneous-flap-in-reconstruction-of-refractory-pressure-ulcers-around-hips-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Li-Feng Zhai, Li-Feng Shen, Gou-Ping Ma, Qiao-Feng Guo, Chun Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the treatment of life-threatening refractory pressure ulcers around hips in patients with spinal cord injuries(SCI)and evaluate its clinical outcomes. METHODS: From March 2012 to June 2015, eight paraplegic patients with life-threatening refractory pressure ulcers around hips were treated with total thigh musculocutaneous flaps following amputation of proximal femurs or hips, including 7 males and 1 female with an average age of (52.0±2.6) years old ranging from 35 to 68...
March 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349672/sta-aca-bypass-using-the-ipsilateral-free-sta-graft-as-an-interposition-graft-and-a3-a3-anastomosis-for-treatment-of-bilateral-aca-steno-occlusive-ischemia
#16
Tetsuyoshi Horiuchi, Shunsuke Ichinose, Masahiro Agata, Kiyoshi Ito, Kazuhiro Hongo
BACKGROUND: Anterior cerebral artery (ACA)-related ischemia is a rare entity in patients with atherosclerosis. Some surgical treatments are reported to date. METHOD: We present the modification of intracranial-intracranial and intracranial-extracranial bypasses for symptomatic bilateral ACA steno-occlusive disease. The A3-A3 bypass followed by the superficial temporal artery-ACA bypass using the ipsilateral free superficial temporal artery graft is useful without harvesting of the radial artery...
January 18, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349631/promoter-analysis-of-the-fish-gene-of-slow-cardiac-type-myosin-heavy-chain-implicated-in-specification-of-muscle-fiber-types
#17
Shigeharu Kinoshita, Saltuk Bugrahan Ceyhun, Asaduzzamann Md, Bhuiyan Sharmin Siddique, Dadasaheb B Akolkar, Shuichi Asakawa, Shugo Watabe
Vertebrate skeletal muscles consist of heterogeneous tissues containing various types of muscle fibers, where specification of the fiber type is crucial for muscle development. Fish are an attractive experimental model to study the mechanisms of such fiber type specification because of the separated localization of slow and fast muscles in the trunk myotome. We examined regulation of expression of the torafugu gene of slow/cardiac-type myosin heavy chain, MYH M5 , and isolated an operational promoter in order to force its tissue-specific expression across different fish species via the transgenic approach in zebrafish and medaka...
January 18, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349436/superficial-temporal-artery-aneurysm-associated-with-immunoglobulin-g4-related-disease
#18
Sosei Kuma, Tsubasa Takeshima, Takefumi Ohga, Tadahiro Nozoe, Katsuo Sueishi
A 68-year-old man was admitted because of a pulsatile mass and pain in the left temporal region, and computed tomography demonstrated the superficial temporal artery aneurysm. He underwent aneurysmectomy, and pathologic investigation revealed marked thickness of the adventitia with substantial plasmacyte infiltration. On immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) immunohistochemistry, IgG4-positive lymphocytes were scattered in the adventitia, and biochemical tests revealed elevation of IgG4 (200 mg/dL). The case satisfied the criteria for both giant cell arteritis and IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD)...
December 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349402/transposition-of-the-persistent-sciatic-artery-for-lower-limb-revascularization-after-resection-of-an-embolizing-proximal-sciatic-artery-aneurysm
#19
Rudolf Feer, Peter Stierli, Claude Haller, Giovanni Cito
We present a novel surgical technique for lower limb revascularization after resection of an aneurysm of the persistent sciatic artery that had led to recurrent peripheral embolization and severe ischemia. The superficial femoral artery in this patient was hypoplastic, and the sciatic artery continued into the popliteal artery as the source of blood supply to the lower leg. For revascularization, we used the distally pedicled healthy two-thirds of the persistent sciatic artery, transposed it from its posterior position to a nearly anatomic anteromedial position, and anastomosed it to the proximal superficial femoral artery...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348915/extended-posterior-approach-for-huge-popliteal-aneurysm-extended-to-superficial-femoral-artery
#20
Tomoki Cho, Hideyuki Iwaki, Munetaka Masuda
Objectives: Generally, popliteal artery aneurysms have been addressed surgically by a medial, posterior, or lateral approach. We have designed a new posterior approach that exposes the superficial femoral artery and entire popliteal artery without dividing any muscles in a just prone position. Methods and results: A 72-year old man with huge popliteal aneurysm extended to superficial femoral artery was admitted to our hospital. Surgery was performed due to a high risk of rupture...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
keyword
keyword
13708
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"