keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

In hospital cardiac arrest

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742911/targeted-temperature-management-for-48-vs-24-hours-and-neurologic-outcome-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Hans Kirkegaard, Eldar Søreide, Inge de Haas, Ville Pettilä, Fabio Silvio Taccone, Urmet Arus, Christian Storm, Christian Hassager, Jørgen Feldbæk Nielsen, Christina Ankjær Sørensen, Susanne Ilkjær, Anni Nørgaard Jeppesen, Anders Morten Grejs, Christophe Henri Valdemar Duez, Jakob Hjort, Alf Inge Larsen, Valdo Toome, Marjaana Tiainen, Johanna Hästbacka, Timo Laitio, Markus B Skrifvars
Importance: International resuscitation guidelines recommend targeted temperature management (TTM) at 33°C to 36°C in unconscious patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest for at least 24 hours, but the optimal duration of TTM is uncertain. Objective: To determine whether TTM at 33°C for 48 hours results in better neurologic outcomes compared with currently recommended, standard, 24-hour TTM. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was an international, investigator-initiated, blinded-outcome-assessor, parallel, pragmatic, multicenter, randomized clinical superiority trial in 10 intensive care units (ICUs) at 10 university hospitals in 6 European countries...
July 25, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741013/prompt-use-of-mechanical-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-the-mecca-study-report
#2
Venkataraman Anantharaman, Boon Lui Benjamin Ng, Shiang Hu Ang, Chun Yue Francis Lee, Siew Hon Benjamin Leong, Marcus Eng Hock Ong, Siang Jin Terrance Chua, Antony Charles Rabind, Nagaraj Baglody Anjali, Ying Hao
INTRODUCTION: Early use of mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) may improve survival outcomes. Current evidence for such devices uses outcomes from an intention-to-treat (ITT) perspective. We aimed to determine whether early use of mechanical CPR using a LUCAS 2 device results in better outcomes. METHODS: A prospective, randomised, multicentre study was conducted over one year with LUCAS 2 devices in 14 ambulances and manual CPR in 32 ambulances to manage OHCA...
July 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741009/the-role-of-dispatch-in-resuscitation
#3
Yih Yng Ng, Siew Hon Benjamin Leong, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
The role of the dispatch centre has increasingly become a focus of attention in cardiac arrest resuscitation. The dispatch centre is part of the first link in the chain of survival because without the initiation of early access, the rest of the chain is irrelevant. The influence of dispatch can also extend to the initiation of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation, early defibrillation and the rapid dispatch of emergency ambulances. The new International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation, the American Heart Association and, especially, the European Resuscitation Council 2015 guidelines have been increasing their emphasis on dispatch as the key to improving out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survival...
July 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741005/the-pan-asian-resuscitation-outcomes-study-paros-clinical-research-network-what-where-why-and-how
#4
Nausheen Edwin Doctor, Nur Shahidah Binte Ahmad, Pin Pin Pek, Susan Yap, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a global health concern with an incidence rate of 50-60 per 100,000 person-years. To improve OHCA survival rates, several cardiac arrest registries have been set up in North America and Europe, such as the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium, Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival, Ontario Prehospital Advanced Life Support and European Registry of Cardiac Arrest. In Asia, however, there was previously no concerted effort in prehospital emergency care research owing to differences in prehospital emergency medical services systems, data collection methods and outcome reporting between countries...
July 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741004/seventeen-years-of-life-support-courses-for-nurses-where-are-we-now
#5
Kenneth Heng, Fong Chi Wee
The Life Support Course for Nurses (LSCN) equips nurses with the resuscitation skills to be first responders in in-hospital cardiac arrests. Seventeen years after the initiation of the LSCN, a confidential cross-sectional Qualtrics™ survey was conducted in May 2016 on LSCN graduands to assess the following: confidence in nurse-initiated resuscitation post-LSCN; defibrillation experience and outcomes; and perceived barriers and usefulness of the LSCN. The majority of respondents reported that the course was useful and enhanced their confidence in resuscitation...
July 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741002/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-cardiac-arrest
#6
Boon Kiat Kenneth Tan
The survival of cardiac arrest patients is dependent on the efficient and timely application of the chain of survival. This includes early identification of cardiac arrest and activation of the emergency response system, high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), rapid defibrillation, basic and advanced medical services, and advanced life support and post-cardiac arrest care. However, some patients may be refractory to these measures. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation CPR (ECPR), otherwise known as extracorporeal life support, offers an alternative to such refractory cardiac arrest cases...
July 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737599/interhospital-transport-of-children-undergoing-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-practical-and-ethical-dilemma
#7
Corina Noje, Jennifer N Fishe, Philomena M Costabile, Bruce L Klein, Elizabeth A Hunt, Peter J Pronovost
OBJECTIVES: To discuss risks and benefits of interhospital transport of children in cardiac arrest undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation. DESIGN: Narrative review. RESULTS: Not applicable. CONCLUSIONS: Transporting children in cardiac arrest with ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation between hospitals is potentially lifesaving if it enables access to resources such as extracorporeal support, but may risk transport personnel safety...
July 21, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737598/epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-cardiac-arrest-in-pediatric-cardiac-icus
#8
Jeffrey A Alten, Darren Klugman, Tia T Raymond, David S Cooper, Janet E Donohue, Wenying Zhang, Sara K Pasquali, Michael G Gaies
OBJECTIVES: In-hospital cardiac arrest occurs in 2.6-6% of children with cardiac disease and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Much remains unknown about cardiac arrest in pediatric cardiac ICUs; therefore, we aimed to describe cardiac arrest epidemiology in a contemporary multicenter cardiac ICU cohort. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis within the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium clinical registry. SETTING: Cardiac ICUs within 23 North American hospitals...
July 21, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737594/identifying-risk-for-acute-kidney-injury-in-infants-and-children-following-cardiac-arrest
#9
Tara M Neumayr, Jeff Gill, Julie C Fitzgerald, Avihu Z Gazit, Jose A Pineda, Robert A Berg, J Michael Dean, Frank W Moler, Allan Doctor
OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to identify risk factors for acute kidney injury in children surviving cardiac arrest. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a public access dataset. SETTING: Fifteen children's hospitals associated with the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network. PATIENTS: Two hundred ninety-six subjects between 1 day and 18 years old who experienced in-hospital or out-of-hospital cardiac arrest between July 1, 2003, and December 31, 2004...
July 21, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737573/investigating-the-impact-of-different-suspicion-of-infection-criteria-on-the-accuracy-of-quick-sepsis-related-organ-failure-assessment-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-and-early-warning-scores
#10
Matthew M Churpek, Ashley Snyder, Sarah Sokol, Natasha N Pettit, Dana P Edelson
OBJECTIVE: Studies in sepsis are limited by heterogeneity regarding what constitutes suspicion of infection. We sought to compare potential suspicion criteria using antibiotic and culture order combinations in terms of patient characteristics and outcomes. We further sought to determine the impact of differing criteria on the accuracy of sepsis screening tools and early warning scores. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Academic center from November 2008 to January 2016...
July 21, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736324/survival-and-neurological-outcome-in-the-elderly-after-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#11
G Hirlekar, T Karlsson, S Aune, A Ravn-Fischer, P Albertsson, J Herlitz, B Libungan
BACKGROUND: There have been few studies of the outcome in elderly patients who have suffered in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) and the association between cardiac arrest characteristics and survival. AIM: The aim of this large observational study was to investigate the survival and neurological outcome in the elderly after IHCA, and to identify which factors were associated with survival. METHODS: We investigated elderly IHCA patients (≥70years of age) who were registered in the Swedish Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Registry 2007-2015...
July 20, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735650/prognostic-utility-of-neuroinjury-biomarkers-in-post-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-ohca-patient-management
#12
S S Gul, K W Huesgen, K K Wang, K Mark, J A Tyndall
Despite aggressive intervention, patients who survive an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) generally have very poor prognoses, with nationwide survival rates of approximately 10-20%. Approximately 90% of survivors will have moderate to severe neurological injury ranging from moderate cognitive impairment to brain death. Currently, few early prognostic indicators are considered reliable enough to support patients' families and clinicians' in their decisions regarding medical futility. Blood biomarkers of neurological injury after OHCA may be of prognostic value in these cases...
August 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734702/impact-of-hypotension-after-return-of-spontaneous-circulation-on-survival-in-patients-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#13
Yu Koon Chiu, Chun Tat Lui, Kwok Leung Tsui
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between hypotension in the first 3h after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHOD: This retrospective cohort study occurred at two regional hospitals and included adult OHCA patients who experienced ROSC from July 1, 2014 to December 31, 2015. Hemodynamic and inotrope administration data were retrieved for 3h after ROSC. We calculated the hypotensive exposure index (HEI) as the surrogate marker of the exposure of hypotension...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734575/outcomes-associated-to-serum-phosphate-levels-in-patients-with-suspected-acute-coronary-syndrome
#14
Hong Xu, Marie Evans, Alessandro Gasparini, Karolina Szummer, Jonas Spaak, Johan Ärnlöv, Bengt Lindholm, Tomas Jernberg, Juan Jesús Carrero
BACKGROUND: We investigated the association between phosphate and the risk of adverse clinical outcomes in patients with manifest cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: Observational study of patients hospitalized during 2006-2011 in Stockholm, Sweden, because of suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The exposure was serum phosphate during the hospitalization. We modeled the association between phosphate and in-hospital death or in-hospital events (composite of myocardial infarction, cardiogenic shock, resuscitated cardiac arrest, atrial fibrillation, or atrioventricular block) as well as the one-year post-discharge risk of death or cardiovascular event (composite of myocardial re-infarction, heart failure and stroke)...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734561/avoiding-adult-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-retrospective-cohort-study-to-determine-preventability
#15
Gordon Bingham, Irma Bilgrami, Mandy Sandford, Sarah Larwill, Judit Orosz, Carl Luckhoff, Tony Kambourakis
INTRODUCTION: This study had three main aims. Develop a methodology for reviewing in-hospital cardiac arrests (IHCA). Assess appropriateness and potential preventability of IHCAs. Identify areas for improvement within the rapid response system (RRS). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of IHCA identified from an existing organisational electronic database of medical emergency (MET) and Code Blue team activation. Potential preventability of IHCA and Code Blue team activation were established by an expert panel based on a standardised case review process with descriptive and content analyses for each IHCA event...
July 19, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730843/clinical-value-of-st-segment-change-after-return-of-spontaneous-cardiac-arrest-and-emergent-coronary-angiography-in-patients-with-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-importance-of-vasospastic-angina
#16
Kazuya Tateishi, Daisuke Abe, Tooru Iwama, Yuichi Hamabe, Kazutaka Aonuma, Akira Sato
BACKGROUND: We investigated the association between initial ST-segment change after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and the incidence of acute coronary lesions in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), and clinical outcomes of patients with OHCA caused by vasospastic angina pectoris (VSA). METHODS: Among 2779 OHCA patients in our institution, all patients with ROSC underwent emergent coronary angiography (CAG) except for those with an obvious extra-cardiac cause of OHCA...
July 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729524/cardiac-arrest-following-drug-abuse-with-intravenous-tapentadol-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Misbahuddin Khaja, George Lominadze, Konstantin Millerman
BACKGROUND Tapentadol is a centrally acting opioid analgesic, with a dual mode of action, as a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor and an agonist of the μ-opioid receptor (MOR). Tapentadol is used for the management of musculoskeletal pain, and neuropathic pain associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. CASE REPORT A 32-year-old woman attended hospital for evaluation of an intractable headache. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain were negative. She was found unresponsive in the bathroom on the day following hospital admission, and despite resuscitative measures, the patient died following cardiac arrest...
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729411/recognized-obstructive-sleep-apnea-is-associated-with-improved-in-hospital-outcomes-after-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#18
Divyanshu Mohananey, Pedro A Villablanca, Tanush Gupta, Sahil Agrawal, Michael Faulx, Venugopal Menon, Samir R Kapadia, Brian P Griffin, Stephen G Ellis, Milind Y Desai
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an independent risk factor for many cardiovascular conditions such as coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, systemic hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, and stroke. However, the association of OSA with outcomes in patients hospitalized for ST-elevation myocardial infarction remains controversial. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used the nation-wide inpatient sample between 2003 and 2011 to identify patients with a primary discharge diagnosis of ST-elevation myocardial infarction and then used the International Classification of Diseases, Clinical Modification code 327...
July 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728743/outcomes-of-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-complicated-by-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-from-the-los-angeles-county-regional-system
#19
David M Shavelle, Nichole Bosson, Joseph L Thomas, Amy H Kaji, Gene Sung, William J French, James T Niemann
The objective of this study was to evaluate the time to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and the outcome for patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) complicated by out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). In this regional system, all patients with STEMI and/or OHCA with return of spontaneous circulation were transported to STEMI Receiving Centers. The outcomes registry was queried for patients with STEMI with underwent primary PCI from April 2011 to December 2014. Patients with STEMI complicated by OHCA were compared with a reference group of STEMI without OHCA...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728194/-relevance-of-living-wills-during-post-resuscitation-care
#20
Martin Christ, Katharina Isabel von Auenmüller, Martin Grett, Scharbanu Amirie, Michael Brand, Hans-Joachim Trappe
Background There is hardly any evidence about the influence of living wills on acute life-threatening disease like out-of-hospital cardiac-arrest (OHCA). We therefore initiated this study to quantify the percentage of victims of OHCA who's living wills are available during post-resuscitation care. Methods All victims of OHCA who were admitted to our hospital between January 1(st) 2008 and July 31(th) 2016 were identified by analysis of our central admission register. Data from individual patients were collected from the patient's health records and anonymously stored on a central database...
July 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
keyword
keyword
13704
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"