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Paravalvular leak

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160045/stentless-sutureless-and-transcatheter-valves-a-comparison-of-the-hemodynamic-performance-of-different-prostheses-concept
#1
Alberto Repossini, Theodor Fischlein, Marco Solinas, Lorenzo DI Bacco, Bruno Passaretti, Herko Grubitzsch, Thierry Folliguet, Giuseppe Santarpino, Roberto DI Bartolomeo, François Laborde, Claudio Muneretto
BACKGROUND: Stentless aortic valves have been developed to overcome obstructive limitations associated with stented bioprostheses. A new concept of surgical sutureless (SU) bioprosthesis has been developed in the last decade. In this multi-institutional study we sought to compare hemodynamics of different bioprosthesis concept as transcatheter (TAVR), Livanova Perceval S sutureless valve and Freedom Solo Stentless (FS) valve in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (sAVR). METHODS: From 2010 to 2016, 478 patients underwent sAVR with FS, 518 Perceval S and 367 patients underwent TAVR...
November 20, 2017: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141552/para-prosthetic-leaks-following-mitral-valve-replacement-case-analysis-on-a-20-year-period
#2
Melvin Dziubek, Charalampos Pierrakos, Louis Chebli, Helene Demanet, Ahmed Sanoussi, Pierre Wauthy
BACKGROUND: Mitral para-prosthetic leaks are rare but major complications of mitral heart valve replacements. When they must be re-operated, they are burdened with high mortality rates. We propose to review our surgical experience in terms of approach and type of operation carried out. METHODS: Demographic, preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative characteristics of 34 patients who benefited from a surgical treatment of mitral paravalvular leak at the Brugmann University Hospital between 1996 and 2016 have been gathered retrospectively...
November 9, 2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131801/real-world-experience-using-the-acurate-neo%C3%A2-prosthesis-30-day-outcomes-of-1000-patients-enrolled-in-the-savi-tf-registry
#3
Helge Möllmann, Christian Hengstenberg, Michael Hilker, Sebastian Kerber, Ulrich Schäfer, Tanja Rudolph, Axel Linke, Norbert Franz, Thomas Kuntze, Holger Nef, Utz Kappert, Thomas Walther, Michael O Zembala, Stefan Toggweiler, Won-Keun Kim
AIMS: The aim of the SAVI-TF registry was to assess the safety and performance of the self-expanding ACURATE neoTM transfemoral transcatheter heart valve in a large patient population with severe aortic stenosis and to investigate if the outcomes obtained in the CE-mark cohort can be replicated in an unselected all-comers population. METHODS AND RESULTS: From October 2014 until April 2016, 1000 patients were enrolled in this prospective, European multicenter registry...
November 14, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105689/-feasibility-and-safety-of-right-subclavian-access-for-edwards-sapien-3-balloon-expandable-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#4
Alessandro Iadanza, Marco Solari, Enrico Tucci, Carlo Pierli
Despite the technical advancements in transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), this procedure in patients with peripheral artery disease remains challenging and requires a patient-tailored management by the Heart Team. In-depth assessment of the patient's vascular anatomy is of utmost importance for the management of TAVI procedures with the aim to use the less invasive approach according to the specific patient characteristics. The trans-subclavian approach should be the preferred option in patients with femoral arterial disease undergoing TAVI; however, self-expandable valves have potential limitations, as in case of ascending aorta dilation and high implantation...
October 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105330/pvl-closure-after-tavr-yes-we-can-do-it
#5
EDITORIAL
Mehmet Cilingiroglu, Andre Paixao
Paravalvular leak (PVL) remains a significant problem after transcatheter aortic valve replacement. PVL is associated with long-term morbidity and mortality. Percutaneous management of post-TAVR PVL seems to be feasible and should be adopted by the structural heart interventionalist.
November 1, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105327/hemodynamic-guidance-of-mitral-paravalvular-leak-closure-the-v-is-the-key
#6
EDITORIAL
James A Goldstein
Severe mitral paravalvular leak (PVL) induces elevated mean left atrial (LA) pressure (LAP) and prominent V waves, leading to pulmonary hypertension and right heart failure PVL closure promptly reduces V wave and mean LAP, correlates with improved echo regurgitation grade, and exerts immediate benefit to the lungs and right heart Hemodynamic response patterns facilitate PVL closure.
November 1, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092107/tackling-the-issue-of-high-postoperative-pacemaker-implantation-rates-in-sutureless-aortic-valve-replacement-should-balloon-inflation-be-removed-from-the-implantation-method-of-the-perceval-prosthesis
#7
Mathieu Charles Blouin, Ismail Bouhout, Philippe Demers, Michel Carrier, Louis Perrault, Yoan Lamarche, Ismail El-Hamamsy, Denis Bouchard
BACKGROUND: Sutureless aortic valve replacement (AVR) is an emerging alternative to standard AVR in elderly and high-risk patients. This procedure is associated with a high rate of postoperative permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI). The study aim was to assess the impact on the rate of PPI of implanting the Perceval prosthesis without using balloon inflation. METHODS: A total of 159 patients who underwent sutureless AVR using the Perceval prosthesis was included...
May 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075913/role-of-echocardiography-in-transcatheter-valvular-heart-disease-interventions
#8
REVIEW
Omar K Khalique, Rebecca T Hahn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Transcatheter valvular interventions have increased in importance and utility for surgical valve repair and replacement. Cardiac imaging is the most crucial aspect of procedural planning and guidance. Echocardiography is a widely used, portable, and dynamic imaging modality used for many of these interventions. This review will summarize the role echocardiography in structural heart valvular interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: Intraprocedural echocardiographic guidance has been a mainstay of structural heart interventions...
October 27, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068133/comparison-of-transcatheter-and-surgical-treatment-of-paravalvular-leak-results-from-a-5-year-follow-up-study
#9
Youjun Zhang, Xin Pan, Xinkai Qu, Cheng Wang, Estella Huang, Lan Ma, Weihua Wu, Weiyi Fang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of two different treatments of paravalvular leak (PVL). BACKGROUND: PVL is a common complication after surgical valve replacement. Re-operation is associated with high mortality, morbidity, and risk of re-leak. Catheter-based repair has emerged as a promising new therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighty-seven consecutive patients with symptomatic PVL received either transcatheter (n = 46) or surgical (n = 41) treatment at Shanghai Chest Hospital between January 2009 and December 2015...
October 25, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062747/comparison-of-hemodynamic-and-clinical-outcomes-of-transcatheter-and-sutureless-aortic-bioprostheses-how-to-make-the-right-choice-in-intermediate-risk-patients
#10
Augusto D'Onofrio, Assunta Fabozzo, Gino Gerosa
Current surgical treatment options for aortic valve stenosis (AS), as alternatives to that of conventional operation with a midline sternotomy, include sutureless valve replacement (SUAVR) and transcatheter valve implantation (TAVI). Patients with high surgical risk, or those who are judged to be inoperable, are typically good candidates for the TAVI procedure. The best treatment option in patients with an intermediate risk profile, however, the so called "grey zone", is still currently under debate. Sutureless aortic valve replacement has been recently presented as a valid alternative for patients with low- to intermediate-risk...
September 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062745/review-of-minimal-access-versus-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-for-patients-with-severe-aortic-stenosis
#11
Carson T Hoffmann, Jacob A Heiner, Tom C Nguyen
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (miniAVR) have become alternatives to surgical aortic valve replacement via median sternotomy (SAVR) to treat severe aortic stenosis (AS). Despite increased interest and utilization, few studies have directly compared TAVR and miniAVR. A review of the current literature shows TAVR to be an indispensable tool for inoperable, high-risk, and perhaps intermediate-risk patients with severe AS. However, it is associated with a number of deleterious perioperative outcomes, such as valvular regurgitation and vascular complications...
September 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062744/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-in-intermediate-and-low-risk-patients-clinical-evidence
#12
Sameer Arora, John P Vavalle
The encouraging results of the PARTNER 2 (Placement of AoRtic TraNscathetER Valves 2) trial led to the approval of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in intermediate-surgical-risk patients. Recently, the SURTAVI (SUrgical Replacement and Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation) investigators demonstrated the feasibility of TAVR with self-expanding valves in intermediate-risk patients. The focus has now shifted to clinical trials comparing TAVR to surgery in low-surgical-risk populations with a goal to expand TAVR to all-risk patients...
September 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062742/long-term-outcomes-and-prosthesis-performance-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-results-of-self-expandable-and-balloon-expandable-transcatheter-heart-valves
#13
Giuseppe Tarantini, Paola A M Purita, Augusto D'Onofrio, Chiara Fraccaro, Anna Chiara Frigo, Gianpiero D'Amico, Luca Nai Fovino, Marta Martin, Francesco Cardaioli, Mostafa R A Badawy, Massimo Napodano, Gino Gerosa, Sabino Iliceto
BACKGROUND: Data on transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) long-term clinical outcomes and hemodynamic performance of the self-expandable CoreValve (CV) and the balloon-expandable Edwards SAPIEN XT (ES) (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, California, USA) transcatheter heart valves (THV) are limited. Therefore, this study aimed to compare long-term clinical outcome data and hemodynamic performance of TAVR with either CV or ES. METHODS: We reviewed prospectively collected data of 171 patients treated with TAVR for severe aortic stenosis (AS) at our center between June 2007 and December 2010, with last follow-up contact in 2016...
September 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062741/clinical-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-bicuspid-aortic-valve-patients
#14
Sung-Han Yoon, Rahul Sharma, Tarun Chakravarty, Hiroyuki Kawamori, Yoshio Maeno, Masaki Miyasaka, Takahiro Nomura, Tomoki Ochiai, Sharjeel Israr, Tanya Rami, Mamoo Nakamura, Wen Chen, Raj R Makkar
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with bicuspid aortic valve stenosis (AS). METHODS: From April 2012 and December 2016, 108 patients with bicuspid AS underwent TAVR using the Sapien XT (34 patients) and Sapien 3 (74 patients) valves. Procedural and clinical outcomes were assessed according to VARC-2 criteria and compared between the two devices. RESULTS: In the overall cohort, the majority of patients were male (71...
September 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062739/pros-and-cons-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-tavi
#15
REVIEW
Juan A Terré, Isaac George, Craig R Smith
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) or replacement (TAVR) was recently approved by the FDA for intermediate risk patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). This technique was already worldwide adopted for inoperable and high-risk patients. Improved device technology, imaging analysis and operator expertise has reduced the initial worrisome higher complications rate associated with TAVR, making it comparable to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). However, many answers need to be addressed before adoption in lower risk patients...
September 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057002/tricuspid-paravalvular-leak-closure-with-a-paravalvular-leak-device
#16
Oleg Polonetsky, Valery Stelmashok, Tatiana Sevruk, Alena Kurlianskaya, Piotr Pysz, Grzegorz Smolka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057000/fusion-of-real-time-3d-transesophageal-echocardiography-and-cardiac-fluoroscopy-imaging-in-transapical-catheter-based-mitral-paravalvular-leak-closure
#17
Aleksejus Zorinas, Vilius Janusauskas, Giedrius Davidavicius, Lina Puodziukaite, Diana Zakarkaite, Rita Kramena, Rasa Čypienė, Valdas Bilkis, Kestutis Rucinskas, Audrius Aidietis, Eustaquio M Onorato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049665/reoperation-for-mitral-paravalvular-leak-a-single-centre-experience-with-200-patients
#18
Sameh M Said, Hartzell V Schaff, Kevin L Greason, Alberto Pochettino, Richard C Daly, Joseph A Dearani
OBJECTIVES: Paravalvular leak (PVL) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality after mitral valve replacement. Risk factors and data on long-term surgical outcomes are lacking. METHODS: Between January 1995 and December 2012, 206 [118 males (57%)] patients underwent reoperation due to mitral PVL. Mean age was 64 ± 11 years. Haemolytic anaemia was present in 85 (41%) patients, while 137 (67%) patients were in New York Heart Association Class III or IV. Baseline creatinine was above 1...
November 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049565/a-low-cost-bioprosthetic-semilunar-valve-for-research-disease-modelling-and-surgical-training-applications
#19
Benoit Rosa, Zurab Machaidze, Borami Shin, Sunil Manjila, David W Brown, Christopher W Baird, John E Mayer, Pierre E Dupont
OBJECTIVES: This paper provides detailed instructions for constructing low-cost bioprosthetic semilunar valves for animal research and clinical training. This work fills an important gap between existing simulator training valves and clinical valves by providing fully functioning designs that can be employed in ex vivo and in vivo experiments and can also be modified to model valvular disease. METHODS: Valves are constructed in 4 steps consisting of creating a metal frame, covering it with fabric and attaching a suture ring and leaflets...
November 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049524/the-entangled-stent-a-preventable-cause-of-paravalvular-leak-of-the-perceval-bioprosthesis
#20
Steffen Pfeiffer, Manuel Wilbring, Utz Kappert, Giuseppe Santarpino
Despite the excellent early performance of the Perceval sutureless valve, there have been recent reports of stent infolding, followed by paravalvular leak that was linked to valve oversizing. The purpose of this study was to review published reports by assessing photographic and radiological images. An in vitro study was also conducted with stent twisting that may occur during the collapse of the valve, termed 'stent entanglement', demonstrating consecutive successful valve collapse and implantation. This result has led us to hypothesize that infolding is due to a number of triggers, e...
July 26, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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