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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792719/-sinusoidal-obstruction-syndrome-induced-by-monocrotaline-in-a-large-animal-experiment-a-pilot-study
#1
R Pálek, V Liška, V Třeška, J Rosendorf, M Emingr, V Tégl, A Králíčková, K Bajcurová, M Jiřík, Z Tonar
INTRODUCTION: Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) is a disease which is caused by toxic injury to hepatic sinusoids. This syndrome is most frequently caused by myeloablative radiochemotherapy in patients before hematopoietic stem cells transplantation and also by oxaliplatin mainly in patients with colorectal liver metastases. The aim of this study was to establish a large animal model of SOS, which would enable further study of this disease and facilitate translation of experimental outcomes into human medicine...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792402/bioabsorbable-polymer-everolimus-eluting-stents-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-report-from-the-swedish-coronary-angiography-and-angioplasty-registry
#2
Sergio Buccheri, Giovanna Sarno, Bo Lagerqvist, Göran Olivecrona, Kristina Hambraeus, Nils Witt, Daniel Lindholm, David Erlinge, Oskar Angerås, Stefan James
AIMS: The clinical performance of the SYNERGY drug-eluting stent (DES) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) has not been investigated in detail. We sought to report on the outcomes after SYNERGY DES (Boston Scientific, Marlborough, MA, USA) implantation in patients with MI undergoing percutaneous revascularisation (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: We included all consecutive patients with MI undergoing PCI with the SYNERGY DES and newer-generation DES (n-DES group) in Sweden...
May 24, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792179/hopkins-syndrome-following-the-first-episode-of-bronchial-asthma-associated-with-enterovirus-d68-a-case-report
#3
Fumie Hayashi, Shintaro Hayashi, Dai Matsuse, Ryo Yamasaki, Keiji Yonekura, Jun-Ichi Kira
BACKGROUND: Hopkins syndrome (HS) is a rare disorder presenting with acute flaccid paralysis of the limbs following an asthma attack. Neurologists encounter a diagnostic challenge if patients without a history of bronchial asthma develop neurologic features mimicking HS following acute respiratory distress. We report a case of HS occurring after a first episode of bronchial asthma associated with enterovirus D68 infection. CASE PRESENTATION: A 5-year-old girl developed acute respiratory distress...
May 23, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791982/-management-of-intrahepatic-duct-stone
#4
REVIEW
Sang Woo Cha
Intrahepatic duct (IHD) stone is the presence of calculi within the intrahepatic bile duct specifically located proximal to the confluence of the left and right hepatic ducts. This stone is characterized by its intractable nature and frequent recurrence, requiring multiple therapeutic interventions. Without proper treatment, biliary strictures and retained stones can lead to repeated episodes of cholangitis, liver abscesses, secondary biliary cirrhosis, portal hypertension, and death from sepsis or hepatic failure...
May 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791574/applicability-of-longitudinal-strain-of-left-ventricle-in-unstable-angina
#5
Natasha Soares Simões Dos Santos, Andrea de Andrade Vilela, Rodrigo Bellio de Mattos Barretto, Marcela Paganelli do Vale, Mariana Oliveira Rezende, Murilo Castro Ferreira, Alexandre José Aguiar Andrade, Nelson Henrique Goes Scorsioni, Olívia Ximenes de Queiroga, David Le Bihan
BACKGROUND: Unstable angina (UA) is a common cause of hospital admission; risk stratification helps determine strategies for treatment. OBJECTIVE: To determine the applicability of two-dimensional longitudinal strain (SL2D) for the identification of myocardial ischemia in patients with UA. METHODS: Cross-sectional, descriptive, observational study lasting 60 days. The sample consisted of 78 patients, of which fifteen (19.2%) were eligible for longitudinal strain analysis...
April 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790850/-the-practical-considerations-of-antidepressant-use-during-pregnancy-and-breastfeeding
#6
Peter Dome, Gabor Faludi
Main indications of antidepressants (ADs) as major depressive disorder (MDD) and different kinds of anxiety disorders are quite prevalent during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Due to the possible hazards of in utero and breast milk exposition of ADs, both psychiatrists and mothers frequently have concerns about the use of ADs during the periods of pregnancy and breastfeeding. However, we should also bear in mind that affective disorders left untreated during these periods are also associated with health risks for the mother and the baby as well...
March 2018: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790332/atomic-layer-epitaxy-of-aluminum-nitride-unraveling-the-connection-between-hydrogen-plasma-and-carbon-contamination
#7
Steven C Erwin, John L Lyons
Atomistic control over the growth of semiconductor thin films, such as aluminum nitride, is a long-sought goal in materials physics. One promising approach is plasma-assisted atomic layer epitaxy, in which separate reactant precursors are employed to grow the cation and anion layers in alternating deposition steps. The use of a plasma during the growth---most often a hydrogen plasma---is now routine and generally considered critical, but the precise role of the plasma is not well understood. We propose a theoretical atomistic model and elucidate its consequences using analytical rate equations, density-functional theory, and kinetic Monte Carlo statistical simulations...
May 23, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789875/ct-angiography-in-the-lower-extremity-peripheral-artery-disease-feasibility-of-an-ultra-low-volume-contrast-media-protocol
#8
Barbora Horehledova, Casper Mihl, Gianluca Milanese, Rutger Brans, Nienke G Eijsvoogel, Babs M F Hendriks, Joachim E Wildberger, Marco Das
PURPOSE: The ALARA principle is not only relevant for effective dose (ED) reduction, but also applicable for contrast media (CM) management. Therefore, the aim was to evaluate the feasibility of an ultra-low CM protocol in the assessment of peripheral artery disease (PAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty PAD patients were scanned on third-generation dual-source computed tomography, from diaphragm to the forefoot, as follows: tube voltage: 70 kV, reference effective tube current: 90 mAs, collimation: 192 × 2 × 0...
May 22, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788147/will-the-eu-data-protection-regulation-2016-679-inhibit-critical-care-research
#9
Marjolein Timmers, Evert-Ben Van Veen, Andrew I R Maas, Erwin J O Kompanje
There is an inherent tension between critical care research and data protection. Because of their condition it is not possible to ask for the patients' informed consent to be enrolled in observational research at the point of admission to the hospital. Often this is not possible at a later moment either. Yet informed consent is the baseline to be enrolled in research with personal data and exceptions must be allowed for by national legislation. This was the case under Directive 95/96/EC and will be the case under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR, Regulation 2016/679 EU) which will replace the Directive from 25 May 2018 onwards...
May 17, 2018: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786539/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-left-main-coronary-artery-disease-the-13th-consensus-document-from-the-european-bifurcation-club
#10
Francesco Burzotta, Jens Flensted Lassen, Adrian P Banning, Thierry Lefèvre, David Hildick-Smith, Alaide Chieffo, Olivier Darremont, Manuel Pan, Yiannis S Chatzizisis, Remo Albiero, Yves Louvard, Goran Stankovic
The 2017 European Bifurcation Club (EBC) meeting was held in Porto (Portugal) and allowed a multidisciplinary international faculty to review and discuss the latest data collected in the field of coronary bifurcation interventions. In particular, the topic of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on left main coronary artery (LM) disease was highlighted as a contemporary priority. Herein, we summarise the key LM anatomy features, the diagnostic modalities and available data that are relevant for a patient's procedural management...
May 20, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785651/genetic-analysis-of-the-human-insulin-like-3-gene-in-pediatric-patients-with-testicular-torsion
#11
Anna Paola Capra, Elisa Ferro, Maria Angela La Rosa, Silvana Briuglia, Tiziana Russo, Salvatore Arena, Carmelo Salpietro Damiano, Carmelo Romeo, Pietro Impellizzeri
PURPOSE: Testicular torsion (TT) mainly affects boys under 18 years old. To avoid orchiectomy, TT requires an immediate operative management. The etiology of TT is still controversial. Observed familiar recurrence suggests the presence of a genetic involvement. The INSL3 gene consists of two exons, and it is specifically expressed in fetal and adult Leydig cells. In transgenic mice, deletion of this gene was observed an increased testicular mobility and testicular torsion. We have hypothesized the possible involvement of the INSL3 gene as a predisposing factor of human TT...
May 21, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785239/blaschko-linear-congenital-mixed-hemato-lymphangio-keratoma-serpiginosum-naeviforme-a-new-hybrid-entity-or-various-morphological-reflections-of-the-two-different-vascular-abnormalities
#12
Betul Tas, Aysel Çağlar, Serdar Altinay
We present the case of a 15-year-old girl who presented with an unusual grouping of lesions on her upper left leg. The lesions had been present since birth. The patient had five different types of lesions: 1) transparent grouped or scattered yellowish vesicles; 2) keratotic-surfaced, grouped dark-yellowish papules; 3) bright-red grouped papules; 4) keratotic-surfaced grouped dark-red papules; and 5) patchy, punctate, and erythematous red macules. All of the lesions were intertwined along the lines of Blaschko and were in the form of irregular serpiginous plaques...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785076/role-of-osteoprotegerin-receptor-activator-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-receptor-activator-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-ligand-axis-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#13
REVIEW
Lucia Pacifico, Gian Marco Andreoli, Miriam D'Avanzo, Delia De Mitri, Pasquale Pierimarchi
Concomitantly with the increase in the prevalences of overweight/obesity, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has worldwide become the main cause of chronic liver disease in both adults and children. Patients with fatty liver display features of metabolic syndrome (MetS), like insulin resistance (IR), glucose intolerance, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Recently, epidemiological studies have linked obesity, MetS, and NAFLD to decreased bone mineral density and osteoporosis, highlighting an intricate interplay among bone, adipose tissue, and liver...
May 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784681/use-of-intracardiac-echocardiography-in-interventional-cardiology-working-with-the-anatomy-rather-than-fighting-it
#14
REVIEW
Andres Enriquez, Luis C Saenz, Raphael Rosso, Frank E Silvestry, David Callans, Francis E Marchlinski, Fermin Garcia
The indications for catheter-based structural and electrophysiological procedures have recently expanded to more complex scenarios, in which an accurate definition of the variable individual cardiac anatomy is key to obtain optimal results. Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) is a unique imaging modality able to provide high-resolution real-time visualization of cardiac structures, continuous monitoring of catheter location within the heart, and early recognition of procedural complications, such as pericardial effusion or thrombus formation...
May 22, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783049/thermopuncture-for-the-diagnosis-monitoring-and-treatment-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Valery Muzhikov, Elena Vershinina, Ruslan Muzhikov, Kirill Nikitin
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a socially significant disease that affects millions of patients. There were an estimated 366 million people with this disease in 2011, and, according to the forecast, approximately 552 million will be affected by this disease in 2030. It is well known that the primary diagnosis and treatment of a patient with this disease are quite expensive. What should be done to make it possible for a patient to monitor his own state and provide treatment in his own home using telemedicine? To solve this problem, an alternative concept for the diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment at the basis of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) combined with mathematical methods of data processing has been used...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782817/evolution-of-the-developmental-plasticity-and-a-coupling-between-left-mechanosensory-neuromasts-and-an-adaptive-foraging-behavior
#16
Vânia Filipa Lima Fernandes, Christian Macaspac, Louise Lu, Masato Yoshizawa
Many animal species exhibit laterality in sensation and behavioral responses, namely, the preference for using either the left or right side of the sensory system. For example, some fish use their left eye when observing social stimuli, whereas they use their right eye to observe novel objects. However, it is largely unknown whether such laterality in sensory-behavior coupling evolves during rapid adaptation processes. Here, in the Mexican tetra, Astyanax mexicanus, we investigate the laterality in the relationship between an evolved adaptive behavior, vibration attraction behavior (VAB), and its main sensors, mechanosensory neuromasts...
May 18, 2018: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782305/tatami-mats-a-source-of-pitted-keratolysis-in-a-martial-arts-athlete
#17
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781836/relationship-between-left-main-coronary-artery-plaque-burden-and-nonleft-main-coronary-atherosclerosis-results-from-the-prospect-study
#18
Takehisa Shimizu, Gary S Mintz, Bernard De Bruyne, Naim Z Farhat, Shinji Inaba, Yang Cao, Steven P Marso, Giora Weisz, Patrick W Serruys, Gregg W Stone, Akiko Maehara
OBJECTIVES: Whether the severity of left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease reflects LMCA and overall coronary atherosclerotic burden is not known. We aimed to assess nonculprit LMCA disease characteristics and the relationship with atherosclerosis in the rest of the coronary arteries as well as patient outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the PROSPECT study, 697 patients with acute coronary syndromes underwent three-vessel gray-scale and radiofrequency intravascular ultrasound after percutaneous coronary intervention...
May 17, 2018: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781154/neuroglial-ectopia-of-the-vestibular-nerve-masquerading-as-a-vestibular-schwannoma-a-case-report
#19
John P Sheppard, Carlito Lagman, Thien Nguyen, Négar Khanlou, Quinton Gopen, Isaac Yang
Neuroglial ectopia is a rare entity of undetermined clinical significance. Here, we report a unique case of neuroglial ectopia of the vestibular nerve. A 27-year-old pharmacy student with a previous radiological diagnosis of vestibular schwannoma presented to our clinic for surgical evaluation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain revealed a 17-mm T1 hypo- to isointense, T2 iso- to hyperintense, poorly enhancing left cerebellopontine angle mass extending into the left internal auditory canal compatible by imaging with a vestibular schwannoma...
May 20, 2018: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780643/late-diagnosis-of-anomalous-aortic-origin-of-a-coronary-artery-from-the-inappropriate-sinus-of-valsalva-during-investigation-of-chest-pain
#20
Brunna Priscylla Américo Carvalho, Marcio Antônio Dos Santos, Wilson Pedro Guimarães Neto, Júlio César Queiroz De França, Márcio Rogério de Souza Braite, Rodrigo Bottura De Araújo, Isabella Gomes Carvalho, Moacir Fernandes de Godoy
In this work are reported two cases of anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA), with the left main coronary artery (LMCA) arising at the right sinus of Valsalva in a 77-year-old woman and in a 79-year-old man submitted to angiography after positive ischemic tests. The origin of the LMCA or the left descendant artery (LDA) from the right sinus of Valsalva has a prevalence of 0.2%, the origin of the circumflex artery (CXA) from the right sinus 0.5%, and the origin of the right coronary artery (RCA) from the left sinus of Valsalva has a prevalence of 0...
2018: Case Reports in Cardiology
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