keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Temperament

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340382/the-bdnfval66met-polymorphism-and-individual-differences-in-temperament-in-4-month-old-infants-a-pilot-study
#1
Lorenzo Giusti, Livio Provenzi, Daniela Tavian, Sara Missaglia, Niccolò Butti, Rosario Montirosso
Individual differences in infants' temperament are under genetic control. We investigated the association between brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor (BDNFval66met) polymorphism and temperament in 63 full-term infants. Met-carriers (N=25) had lower Regulatory capacities compared to val-homozygotes (N=38). These findings suggest that the BDNF polymorphism affects early temperament individual differences.
March 21, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334578/infant-sleep-problems-and-interventions-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Tiffany Field
Infant sleep problems have been the focus of a growing literature over the last few years. The current review is based on literature searches of Pubmed and PsycInfo for studies published over the last few years including randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews and meta-analyses on infant sleep problems and resulting developmental effected, risk factors and interventions. Several risk/protective factors for sleep problems have been identified including health literacy, TV in the room, feeding, close contact and arousing activities at bedtime, intolerance for infant crying, co-sleeping, maternal depression and infant temperament...
March 20, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333524/developmental-origins-of-infant-emotion-regulation-mediation-by-temperamental-negativity-and-moderation-by-maternal-sensitivity
#3
Jenna C Thomas, Nicole Letourneau, Tavis S Campbell, Lianne Tomfohr-Madsen, Gerald F Giesbrecht
Emotion regulation is essential to cognitive, social, and emotional development and difficulties with emotion regulation portend future socioemotional, academic, and behavioral difficulties. There is growing awareness that many developmental outcomes previously thought to begin their development in the postnatal period have their origins in the prenatal period. Thus, there is a need to integrate evidence of prenatal influences within established postnatal factors, such as infant temperament and maternal sensitivity...
April 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326540/a-life-history-approach-to-delineating-how-harsh-environments-and-hawk-temperament-traits-differentially-shape-children-s-problem-solving-skills
#4
Jennifer H Suor, Melissa L Sturge-Apple, Patrick T Davies, Dante Cicchetti
BACKGROUND: Harsh environments are known to predict deficits in children's cognitive abilities. Life history theory approaches challenge this interpretation, proposing stressed children's cognition becomes specialized to solve problems in fitness-enhancing ways. The goal of this study was to examine associations between early environmental harshness and children's problem-solving outcomes across tasks varying in ecological relevance. In addition, we utilize an evolutionary model of temperament toward further specifying whether hawk temperament traits moderate these associations...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317113/temperamental-markers-in-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Suzanne L Macari, Judah Koller, Daniel J Campbell, Katarzyna Chawarska
BACKGROUND: Although temperament has been recognized as an important contributor to childhood psychopathology, its role in emergent autism spectrum phenotypes is not well understood. This study examined whether toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) display temperamental vulnerabilities compared to toddlers with other developmental challenges, whether these characteristics are distinct from core autism symptoms, if they are stable over time, and if they contribute to social outcomes in preschool...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317068/predicting-adhd-symptoms-in-adolescence-from-early-childhood-temperament-traits
#6
Tzlil Einziger, Linoy Levi, Yael Zilberman-Hayun, Judith G Auerbach, Naama Atzaba-Poria, Shoshana Arbelle, Andrea Berger
Extreme levels of certain temperament traits can be early markers of different developmental pathways of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the long-term utility of using these traits as predictors of ADHD is not fully known. This study includes 64 male adolescents (M age = 13.5), who have been followed since birth as part of a longitudinal study. The primary aim was to test effortful control (EC), activity level, and anger, measured in early childhood - both with mother's reports and laboratory assessments -as predictors of ADHD symptoms in adolescence...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314553/is-alexithymia-related-to-cannabis-use-disorder-results-from-a-case-control-study-in-outpatient-adolescent-cannabis-abusers
#7
Géraldine Dorard, Catherine Bungener, Olivier Phan, Yves Edel, Maurice Corcos, Sylvie Berthoz
OBJECTIVE: In recent decades, alexithymia has been considered a risk factor for multiple somatic and psychiatric conditions. Yet, whereas alexithymia has been extensively studied in adults with a substance misuse, only one study has reported data on cannabis abusers from the general population. Hence, our main objective was to explore alexithymia in a clinical sample of treatment-seeking young outpatients with a DSM-IV cannabis dependence or abuse diagnosis compared to controls. METHODS: 120 young patients (95 males - mean age 17...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295309/personality-traits-hierarchically-organized-systems
#8
Małgorzata Fajkowska
Personality science has always been and is still ready for new theorizing on traits. Accordingly, this paper presents the recently proposed Traits as Hierarchical Systems (THS) model, where personality traits are not only the emergent properties of the three-level hierarchy of the personality system, but are also hierarchical per se. As hierarchical systems, they are organized into three levels: mechanisms and processes, structures, and behavioral markers. In this approach trait denotes the underlying, recurrent mechanisms that pattern its structure and account for the stability/variability of individual characteristics...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293319/character-and-temperament-dimensions-in-subjects-with-depressive-disorder-impact-of-the-affective-state-on-their-expression
#9
Stojan Bajraktarov, Antoni Novotni, Slavica Arsova, Dance Gudeva-Nikovska, Viktorija Vujovik
BACKGROUND: The depression is a cross-cultural condition that occurs in all cultures and within all nations with certain specificities, even though there are some differences in its manifestation. The hereditary load is of major importance, but also the individual personality factors, in the form of risk factors, are associated with the occurrence of depression. Personality characteristics have a significant impact on the occurrence of the recurrent depressive disorder and the outcome of the treatment as well...
March 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293316/personality-characteristics-as-predictive-factors-for-the-occurrence-of-depressive-disorder
#10
Stojan Bajraktarov, Dance Gudeva-Nikovska, Nensi Manuševa, Slavica Arsova
BACKGROUND: The depressive disorder is one of the most frequent mental disorders, which is often associated with severe dysfunctionality. Personality traits are considered as important factors for the occurrence of depressive disorder. AIM: To determine the specificity of personality dimensions as predictive factors of depressive disorder. METHODS: This research was conducted at the University Psychiatric Clinic Skopje as a "case-control" study...
March 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293212/strength-of-excitation-is-negatively-associated-with-aggressive-behavior-after-interpersonal-rejection
#11
Joanna Rajchert, Mikołaj Winiewski
This study explored how the Pavlovian temperamental traits strength of excitation (SE) and strength of inhibition (SI) were related to rejection and aggression. We predicted that rejection would increase aggression, but that higher SE and SI would mitigate this effect. Participants (n = 117) completed Strelau and Zawadzki's (1998) Pavlovian Temperament Survey. A week later they were told that a peer wanted (acceptance) or did not want (rejection) to work with them and they were given a chance to react aggressively by damaging that person's chance of getting a job...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291974/comorbid-depression-and-suicide-ideation-in-patients-with-combat-related-ptsd-the-role-of-temperament-character-and-trait-impulsivity
#12
Nenad Jakšić, Branka Aukst Margetić, Darko Marčinko
BACKGROUND: War veterans with PTSD have a high chance of developing major depressive disorder (MDD) at some point, while they can also exhibit increased suicidal tendencies. The primary goal of this research was to investigate whether personality dimensions, including temperament, character, and trait impulsivity, were associated with comorbid MDD, as well as with suicidal ideation in psychiatric patients suffering from combat-related PTSD. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 148 Croatian male war veterans (mean age 49...
March 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288308/the-link-between-hypomania-risk-and-creativity-the-role-of-heightened-behavioral-activation-system-bas-sensitivity
#13
Bin-Na Kim, Seok-Man Kwon
BACKGROUND: The relationship between bipolar disorder (BD) and creativity is well-known; however, relatively little is known about its potential mechanism. We investigated whether heightened behavioral activation system (BAS) sensitivity may mediate such relationship. METHODS: Korean young adults (N=543) completed self-report questionnaires that included the Hypomanic Personality Scale (HPS), the Behavioral Activation System(BAS) Scale, the Everyday Creativity Scale (ECS), the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), and the Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale (ASRM)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286550/risk-and-protective-factors-for-mental-health-problems-in-preschool-aged-children-cross-sectional-results-of-the-bella-preschool-study
#14
Olga Wlodarczyk, Silke Pawils, Franka Metzner, Levente Kriston, Fionna Klasen, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems (MHPs) in preschoolers are precursors of mental disorders which have shown to be associated with suffering, functional impairment, exposure to stigma and discrimination, as well as enhanced risk of premature death. A better understanding of factors associated with MHPs in preschoolers can facilitate early identification of children at risk and inform prevention programs. This cross-sectional study investigated the association of risk and protective factors with MHPs within a German representative community sample...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286548/the-link-between-infant-regulatory-problems-temperament-traits-maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-children-s-psychopathological-symptoms-at-age-three-a-longitudinal-study-in-a-german-at-risk-sample
#15
Anna Sidor, Cristina Fischer, Manfred Cierpka
BACKGROUND: Difficult conditions during childhood can limit an individual's development in many ways. Factors such as being raised in an at-risk family, child temperamental traits or maternal traits can potentially influence a child's later behaviour. The present study investigated the extent of regulatory problems in 6-month-old infants and their link to temperamental traits and impact on externalizing and internalizing problems at 36 months. Moderating effects of maternal distress and maternal depressive symptoms were tested as well...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282074/-epigenetics-2-0-the-multiple-faces-of-the-genome
#16
Marcelo Rubinstein
Epigenetics is the branch of genetics that studies the dynamic relationship between stable genotypes and varying phenotypes. To this end, epigenetics aims to discover the molecular mechanisms that explain how different nutrients and hormones, environmental changes, and emotional, social and cognitive experiences modify gene expression and behaviors, even permanently so. Psychiatry has learned that diseases with strong genetic predisposition, such as schizophrenia, show a concordance of around 50% between monozygotic twins, thus evidencing the importance of the genetic background and the presence of environmental variables that stimulate or block phenotypic development...
September 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280272/temperament-and-body-weight-from-ages-4-to-15
#17
A R Sutin, J A Kerr, A Terracciano
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In adulthood, conscientiousness and neuroticism are correlates of body weight and weight gain. The present research examines whether the childhood antecedents of these traits, persistence and negative reactivity, respectively, are associated with weight gain across childhood. We likewise examine sociability as a predictor of childhood weight gain and whether these three traits are associated with weight concerns and weight management strategies in adolescence. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Participants (N=4153) were drawn from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children, an ongoing, population-based study of child and family health and well-being...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279310/personality-and-trait-aggression-profiles-of-male-and-female-prison-inmates
#18
Örjan Falk, Anis Sfendla, Sven Brändström, Henrik Anckarsäter, Thomas Nilsson, Nóra Kerekes
Gender specific personality profiles in association with the level of aggressive antisocial behavior in offenders have not been previously investigated. In the present study we analyzed data collected from 65 male and 50 female offenders using structured protocols regarding criminal history (by criminal register data), trait aggression (by the Life History of Aggression (LHA) questionnaire), and personality profiles (by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)). Prison inmates differed significantly on several personality dimensions, most pronouncedly were they characterized with low character maturity (low scores in the Self-Directedness and Cooperativeness dimensions of TCI) when compared to gender and age matched controls of the general population...
April 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272877/enantioselective-ring-opening-polymerization-of-rac-lactide-dictated-by-densely-substituted-aminoacids
#19
Ana Sanchez-Sanchez, Iván Rivilla, Maddalen Agirre, Andere Basterretxea, Agustin Etxeberria, Antonio Veloso, Haritz Sardón, David Mecerreyes, Fernando P Cossio
Although organometallic catalysts have shown great ability to promote stereocontrolled polymerization reactions, their substantial toxicity and other drawbacks are accelerating the development of organic catalysts. To date, organic catalysts have demonstrated some ability to promote stereocontrolled polymerizations. However, none of them has been able to promote different stereochemical outcomes depending on the chirality of the organic catalyst. In this work we report for the first time the chirality transfer from catalyst to polymer in the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of rac-lactide (rac-LA)...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272131/predictors-of-pharmacotherapy-response-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-systematic-review
#20
Rafael Ferreira-Garcia, Marina Mochcovitch, Mariana Costa do Cabo, Antonio Egídio Nardi, Rafael Christophe Freire
BACKGROUND: Pharmacotherapy for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) may be effective in reducing symptoms in the majority of patients. The study of moderators and predictors of treatment response may help clinicians both to select appropriate interventions to maximize the probability of response and to inform the general prognosis. METHODS: A systematic literature search of electronic databases, selected authors, and reference lists was used to identify articles that reported trials of drug monotherapy in GAD...
March 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
13699
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"