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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923256/-fostering-resilience-while-waiting-for-psychotherapy-evaluation-of-a-group-intervention-in-an-outpatient-care-setting
#1
Philipp Victor, Tobias Teismann, Ulrike Willutzki
Background: High untreated prevalence of mental disorders and long waiting lists for psychotherapy at the same time call for innovative intervention concepts. The positive brief intervention "Personal Model of Resilience" 1 is offered as group training and evaluated for the first time in a naturalistic clinical setting. Method: In a pre-post-design data from 84 wait-list patients are analysed via intention-to-treat (n=84) and completer analysis at 6-week-follow-up (n=54). Results: Repeated measures ANOVAs demonstrate significant improvements in psychopathology, incongruence and self-esteem...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923240/-a-screening-tool-for-three-dimensions-of-work-related-behavior-and-experience-patterns-in-the-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-a-proposal-for-a-short-form-of-the-occupational-stress-and-coping-inventory-avem-3d
#2
V Beierlein, V Köllner, R Neu, H Schulz
Objectives: The assessment of work pressures is of particular importance in psychosomatic rehabilitation. An established questionnaire is the Occupational Stress and Coping Inventory (German abbr. AVEM), but it is quite long and with regard to scoring time-consuming in routine clinical care. It should therefore be tested, whether a shortened version of the AVEM can be developed, which is able to assess the formerly described three second-order factors of the AVEM, namely Working Commitment, Resilience, and Emotions, sufficiently reliable and valid, and which also may be used for screening of patients with prominent work-related behavior and experience patterns...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922841/stress-resiliency-practices-in-neonatal-nurses
#3
Lisa M Pannell, Lynn Rowe, Salena Tully
BACKGROUND: Multiple environmental changes were experienced in a large level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) causing a perception of work-related stress leading to high nurse turnover, decreased engagement, and decreased satisfaction. PURPOSE: To identify a preintervention measure of perceived stress resiliency and ranking of interpretive styles in a population of neonatal, bedside registered nurses faced with a change in the physical practice environment...
December 5, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922725/resilience-and-traumatic-brain-injury-among-iraq-afghanistan-war-veterans-differential-patterns-of-adjustment-and-quality-of-life
#4
Timothy R Elliott, Yu-Yu Hsiao, Nathan A Kimbrel, Eric Meyer, Bryann B DeBeer, Suzy Bird Gulliver, Oi-Man Kwok, Sandra B Morissette
OBJECTIVE: We examined the degree to which a resilient personality prototype predicted adjustment among war Veterans with and without a traumatic brain injury (TBI) while covarying the level of combat exposure. METHOD: A total of 127 war Veterans (107 men, 20 women; average age = 37 years) participated. Personality prototypes were derived from the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (Patrick, Curtain, & Tellegen, 2002). Measures were administered at baseline, and a subset was administered at 4- and 8-month follow-ups...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922640/brain-network-reorganization-differs-in-response-to-stress-in-rats-genetically-predisposed-to-depression-and-stress-resilient-rats
#5
N Gass, R Becker, A J Schwarz, W Weber-Fahr, C Clemm von Hohenberg, B Vollmayr, A Sartorius
Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) remains a pressing clinical problem. Optimizing treatment requires better definition of the specificity of the involved brain circuits. The rat strain bred for negative cognitive state (NC) represents a genetic animal model of TRD with high face, construct and predictive validity. Vice versa, the positive cognitive state (PC) strain represents a stress-resilient phenotype. Although NC rats show depressive-like behavior, some symptoms such as anhedonia require an external trigger, i...
December 6, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922080/warming-trends-and-bleaching-stress-of-the-world-s-coral-reefs-1985-2012
#6
Scott F Heron, Jeffrey A Maynard, Ruben van Hooidonk, C Mark Eakin
Coral reefs across the world's oceans are in the midst of the longest bleaching event on record (from 2014 to at least 2016). As many of the world's reefs are remote, there is limited information on how past thermal conditions have influenced reef composition and current stress responses. Using satellite temperature data for 1985-2012, the analysis we present is the first to quantify, for global reef locations, spatial variations in warming trends, thermal stress events and temperature variability at reef-scale (~4 km)...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921307/editorial-family-resilience
#7
EDITORIAL
Jay L Lebow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921306/applying-a-family-resilience-framework-in-training-practice-and-research-mastering-the-art-of-the-possible
#8
Froma Walsh
With growing interest in systemic views of human resilience, this article updates and clarifies our understanding of the concept of resilience as involving multilevel dynamic processes over time. Family resilience refers to the functioning of the family system in dealing with adversity: Assessment and intervention focus on the family impact of stressful life challenges and the family processes that foster positive adaptation for the family unit and all members. The application of a family resilience framework is discussed and illustrated in clinical and community-based training and practice...
December 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921222/cognitive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-brain-metastases-influences-on-caregiver-resilience-and-coping
#9
Marlon Garzo Saria, Natasia Courchesne, Lorraine Evangelista, Joshua Carter, Daniel A MacManus, Mary Kay Gorman, Adeline M Nyamathi, Linda R Phillips, David Piccioni, Santosh Kesari, Sally Maliski
PURPOSE: Neurologic deficits that may be manifested as cognitive impairment contribute to the challenges faced by caregivers of patients with brain metastases. To better address their needs, we examined how caregivers respond to these challenges and explore the relationship between the patient's cognitive impairment and caregiver resilience and coping. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional study using self-reported data from 56 caregivers of patients with brain metastases...
December 5, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920345/nurse-bullying-impact-on-nurses-health
#10
Penny A Sauer, Thomas P McCoy
Workplace bullying has been experienced by 27% to 80% of nurses who have participated in studies. Bullying behaviors negatively impact the health of nurses. This study examined whether nurses' resilience had an impact on the effects of bullying on the nurse's health. This cross-sectional descriptive study surveyed licensed registered nurses in one state. The sample (N = 345) was predominately female (89%) and Caucasian (84%), with an average age of 46.6 years. In this sample, 40% of nurses were bullied. Higher incidence of bullying was associated with lower physical health scores (p = ...
December 5, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919760/proton-therapy-present-and-future
#11
REVIEW
Radhe Mohan, David Grosshans
In principle, proton therapy offers a substantial clinical advantage over the conventional photon therapy. This is because of the unique depth-dose characteristics of protons, which can be exploited to achieve significant reductions in normal tissue doses proximal and distal to the target volume. These may, in turn, allow escalation of tumor doses, greater sparing of normal tissues, thus potentially improving local control and survival while at the same time reducing toxicity and improving quality of life. Protons, accelerated to therapeutic energies ranging from 70 to 250MeV, typically with a cyclotron or a synchrotron, are transported to the treatment room where they enter the treatment head mounted on a rotating gantry...
December 2, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919750/mapping-the-functional-connectome-in-traumatic-brain-injury-what-can-graph-metrics-tell-us
#12
Karen Caeyenberghs, Helena Verhelst, Adam Clemente, Peter H Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with cognitive and motor deficits, and poses a significant personal, societal, and economic burden. One mechanism by which TBI is thought to affect cognition and behaviour is through changes in functional connectivity. Graph theory is a powerful framework for quantifying topological features of neuroimaging-derived functional networks. The objective of this paper is to review studies examining functional connectivity in TBI with an emphasis on graph theoretical analysis that is proving to be valuable in uncovering network abnormalities in this condition...
December 2, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919314/advances-in-the-neuroscience-of-intelligence-from-brain-connectivity-to-brain-perturbation
#13
Emiliano Santarnecchi, Simone Rossi
Our view is that intelligence, as expression of the complexity of the human brain and of its evolutionary path, represents an intriguing example of "system level brain plasticity": tangible proofs of this assertion lie in the strong links intelligence has with vital brain capacities as information processing (i.e., pure, rough capacity to transfer information in an efficient way), resilience (i.e., the ability to cope with loss of efficiency and/or loss of physical elements in a network) and adaptability (i...
December 6, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918978/you-and-me-investigating-the-role-of-self-evaluative-emotion-in-preschool-prosociality
#14
Josephine Ross
Self-evaluative emotions depend on internalized social standards and motivate social action. However, there is a lack of empirical research documenting the impact of self-evaluative emotion on 3- and 4-year-olds' prosociality. Extant research relates children's experiences of guilt to empathetic concern and making amends. However, the relationship between guilt and both concern and making amends is potentially reductive. Empathetic concern involves similar bodily expressions to guilt, and amend making is used to distinguish guilt from shame in children...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918887/resilience-to-emotional-distress-in-response-to-failure-error-or-mistakes-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Judith Johnson, Maria Panagioti, Jennifer Bass, Lauren Ramsey, Reema Harrison
Perceptions of failure have been implicated in a range of psychological disorders, and even a single experience of failure can heighten anxiety and depression. However, not all individuals experience significant emotional distress following failure, indicating the presence of resilience. The current systematic review synthesised studies investigating resilience factors to emotional distress resulting from the experience of failure. For the definition of resilience we used the Bi-Dimensional Framework for resilience research (BDF) which suggests that resilience factors are those which buffer the impact of risk factors, and outlines criteria a variable should meet in order to be considered as conferring resilience...
November 21, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918840/resilience-and-risk-for-alcohol-use-disorders-a-swedish-twin-study
#16
Elizabeth C Long, Sara L Lönn, Jianguang Ji, Paul Lichtenstein, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist, Kenneth S Kendler
BACKGROUND: Resilience has been shown to be protective against alcohol use disorders (AUDs), but the magnitude and nature of the relationship between these 2 phenotypes are not clear. The aim of this study was to examine the strength of this relationship and the degree to which it results from common genetic or common environmental influences. METHODS: Resilience was assessed on a 9-point scale during a personal interview in 1,653,721 Swedish men aged 17 to 25 years...
December 5, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918708/patient-specific-hip-fracture-strength-assessment-with-microstructural-mr-imaging-based-finite-element-modeling
#17
Chamith S Rajapakse, Alexandra Hotca, Benjamin T Newman, Austin Ramme, Shaleen Vira, Elizabeth A Kobe, Rhiannon Miller, Stephen Honig, Gregory Chang
Purpose To describe a nonlinear finite element analysis method by using magnetic resonance (MR) images for the assessment of the mechanical competence of the hip and to demonstrate the reproducibility of the tool. Materials and Methods This prospective study received institutional review board approval and fully complied with HIPAA regulations for patient data. Written informed consent was obtained from all subjects. A nonlinear finite element analysis method was developed to estimate mechanical parameters that relate to hip fracture resistance by using MR images...
December 2, 2016: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918483/a-fault-tolerance-mechanism-for-on-road-sensor-networks
#18
Lei Feng, Shaoyong Guo, Jialu Sun, Peng Yu, Wenjing Li
On-Road Sensor Networks (ORSNs) play an important role in capturing traffic flow data for predicting short-term traffic patterns, driving assistance and self-driving vehicles. However, this kind of network is prone to large-scale communication failure if a few sensors physically fail. In this paper, to ensure that the network works normally, an effective fault-tolerance mechanism for ORSNs which mainly consists of backup on-road sensor deployment, redundant cluster head deployment and an adaptive failure detection and recovery method is proposed...
December 3, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917969/targeted-social-protection-in-a-pastoralist-economy-case-study-from-kenya
#19
S A Janzen, N D Jensen, A G Mude
Social protection programmes are designed to help vulnerable populations - including pastoralists - maintain a basic level of well-being, manage risk, and cope with negative shocks. Theory suggests that differential targeting according to poverty status can increase the reach and effectiveness of budgeted social protection programmes. Chronically poor households benefit most from social protection designed to help them meet their basic needs and make vital investments necessary to graduate from poverty. Vulnerable non-destitute households benefit from protection against costly temporary shocks, but do not necessarily need regular assistance...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917137/the-academic-resilience-scale-ars-30-a-new-multidimensional-construct-measure
#20
Simon Cassidy
Resilience is a psychological construct observed in some individuals that accounts for success despite adversity. Resilience reflects the ability to bounce back, to beat the odds and is considered an asset in human characteristic terms. Academic resilience contextualizes the resilience construct and reflects an increased likelihood of educational success despite adversity. The paper provides an account of the development of a new multidimensional construct measure of academic resilience. The 30 item Academic Resilience Scale (ARS-30) explores process-as opposed to outcome-aspects of resilience, providing a measure of academic resilience based on students' specific adaptive cognitive-affective and behavioral responses to academic adversity...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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