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Resiliance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930035/calgary-edmonton-and-the-university-of-alberta-the-extraordinary-medical-mobilization-by-canada-s-newest-province
#1
Mark P Da Cambra, Vivian C McAlister
The Canadian contribution of medical services to the British Empire during the First World War was a national endeavour. Physicians from across the country enlisted in local regiments to join. No other region provided more physicians per capita than the newly formed province of Alberta. Largely organized through the Medical School of the University of Alberta, the No. 11 Canadian Field Ambulance out of Edmonton and the No. 8 Canadian Field Ambulance out of Calgary ultimately enlisted between one-third and half of the province's doctors to the war campaign...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929984/developing-a-hospital-disaster-preparedness-plan-for-mass-casualty-incidents-lessons-learned-from-the-downtown-beirut-bombing
#2
Mazen El Sayed, Ali F Chami, Eveline Hitti
Mass casualty incidents (MCIs) are becoming more frequent worldwide, especially in the Middle East where violence in Syria has spilled over to many neighboring countries. Lebanon lacks a coordinated prehospital response system to deal with MCIs; therefore, hospital preparedness plans are essential to deal with the surge of casualties. This report describes our experience in dealing with an MCI involving a car bomb in an urban area of downtown Beirut, Lebanon. It uses general response principles to propose a simplified response model for hospitals to use during MCIs...
September 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929909/relationship-of-religiosity-and-spirituality-to-hazardous-drinking-drug-use-and-depression-among-sexual-minority-women
#3
Laurie Drabble, Cindy B Veldhuis, Barth B Riley, Sharon Rostosky, Tonda L Hughes
Using data from Wave 3 of the Chicago Health and Life Experiences of Women (CHLEW) study (N = 699) we explored whether religiosity and spirituality were associated with risk of hazardous drinking, drug use, and depression among sexual minority women (SMW; lesbian, bisexual) and possible differences by race/ethnicity. Participants were more likely to endorse spirituality than religiosity, and endorsement of each was highest among African-American SMW. We found no protective effect of religiosity or spirituality for hazardous drinking or drug use...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929839/capturing-ecology-in-modeling-approaches-applied-to-environmental-risk-assessment-of-endocrine-active-chemicals-in-fish
#4
Kate S Mintram, A Ross Brown, Samuel K Maynard, Pernille Thorbek, Charles R Tyler
Endocrine active chemicals (EACs) are widespread in freshwater environments and both laboratory and field based studies have shown reproductive effects in fish at environmentally relevant exposures. Environmental risk assessment (ERA) seeks to protect wildlife populations and prospective assessments rely on extrapolation from individual-level effects established for laboratory fish species to populations of wild fish using arbitrary safety factors. Population susceptibility to chemical effects, however, depends on exposure risk, physiological susceptibility, and population resilience, each of which can differ widely between fish species...
September 20, 2017: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929480/nursing-a-disaster
#5
Stephanie B Turner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the needs of nurses predisaster and postdisaster. DESIGN/METHODS: This study involved an exploratory mixed methods approach, with semistructured in-depth interviews followed by a 10-item survey of resilience. SETTING: The study took place in the PI's office in Tuscaloosa, AL. SUBJECTS: Ten English speaking nurses from an area hospital who were on duty during the April 2011 tornado...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929478/defining-a-risk-informed-framework-for-whole-of-government-lessons-learned-a-canadian-perspective
#6
Shaye K Friesen, Shelley Kelsey, J A Jim Legere
Lessons learned play an important role in emergency management (EM) and organizational agility. Virtually all aspects of EM can derive benefit from a lessons learned program. From major security events to exercises, exploiting and applying lessons learned and "best practices" is critical to organizational resilience and adaptiveness. A robust lessons learned process and methodology provides an evidence base with which to inform decisions, guide plans, strengthen mitigation strategies, and assist in developing tools for operations...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928764/exploring-and-harnessing-haplotype-diversity-to-improve-yield-stability-in-crops
#7
REVIEW
Lunwen Qian, Lee T Hickey, Andreas Stahl, Christian R Werner, Ben Hayes, Rod J Snowdon, Kai P Voss-Fels
In order to meet future food, feed, fiber, and bioenergy demands, global yields of all major crops need to be increased significantly. At the same time, the increasing frequency of extreme weather events such as heat and drought necessitates improvements in the environmental resilience of modern crop cultivars. Achieving sustainably increase yields implies rapid improvement of quantitative traits with a very complex genetic architecture and strong environmental interaction. Latest advances in genome analysis technologies today provide molecular information at an ultrahigh resolution, revolutionizing crop genomic research, and paving the way for advanced quantitative genetic approaches...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928686/on-the-nature-of-clitics-and-their-sensitivity-to-number-attraction-effects
#8
Mikel Santesteban, Adam Zawiszewski, Kepa Erdocia, Itziar Laka
Pronominal dependencies have been shown to be more resilient to attraction effects than subject-verb agreement. We use this phenomenon to investigate whether antecedent-clitic dependencies in Spanish are computed like agreement or like pronominal dependencies. In Experiment 1, an acceptability judgment self-paced reading task was used. Accuracy data yielded reliable attraction effects in both grammatical and ungrammatical sentences, only in singular (but not plural) clitics. Reading times did not show reliable attraction effects...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927652/epicormic-resprouting-in-fire-prone-ecosystems
#9
REVIEW
Juli G Pausas, Jon E Keeley
Many plants resprout from basal buds after disturbance, and this is common in shrublands subjected to high-intensity fires. However, resprouting after fire from epicormic (stem) buds is globally far less common. Unlike basal resprouting, post-fire epicormic resprouting is a key plant adaptation for retention of the arborescent skeleton after fire, allowing rapid recovery of the forest or woodland and leading to greater ecosystem resilience under recurrent high-intensity fires. Here we review the biogeography of epicormic resprouting, the mechanisms of protection, the fire regimes where it occurs, and the evolutionary drivers that shaped this trait...
September 16, 2017: Trends in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927640/language-experience-dependent-advantage-in-pitch-representation-in-the-auditory-cortex-is-limited-to-favorable-signal-to-noise-ratios
#10
Chandan H Suresh, Ananthanarayan Krishnan, Jackson T Gandour
Long-term experience enhances neural representation of temporal attributes of pitch in the brainstem and auditory cortex in favorable listening conditions. Herein we examine whether cortical pitch mechanisms shaped by language experience are more resilient to degradation in background noise, and exhibit greater binaural release from masking (BRM). Cortical pitch responses (CPR) were recorded from Mandarin- and English-speaking natives using a Mandarin word exhibiting a high rising pitch (/yi(2)/). Stimuli were presented diotically in Quiet, and in noise at +5, and 0 dB SNR...
September 14, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927516/the-role-of-perceived-severity-of-disaster-rumination-and-trait-resilience-in-the-relationship-between-rainstorm-related-experiences-and-ptsd-amongst-chinese-adolescents-following-rainstorm-disasters
#11
Lijuan Quan, Rui Zhen, Benxian Yao, Xiao Zhou, Dapeng Yu
This study examined the mediating role of perceived severity of trauma and rumination in the relationship between traumatic experiences and PTSD, and assessed the moderated role of resilience in this mediating process. Nine hundred and fifty-one adolescents were selected to complete a self-report questionnaire involving rainstorm-related experiences, perceived severity of trauma, rumination, resilience, and PTSD. The results found that rainstorm-related experiences had a positive effect on PTSD by perceived severity of disaster, or by rumination via perceived severity of disaster...
October 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927440/refugees-asylum-seekers-and-undocumented-migrants-and-the-experience-of-parenthood-a-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-literature
#12
REVIEW
Lisa Merry, Sandra Pelaez, Nancy C Edwards
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the recent qualitative literature and identify the integrative themes describing the parenthood experiences of refugees, asylum-seekers and undocumented migrants. METHODS: We searched seven online databases for the period January 2006 to February 2017. We included English and French published peer-reviewed articles and graduate-level dissertations, which qualitatively examined the parenthood experiences of refugees, asylum-seekers and undocumented migrants...
September 19, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927333/vulnerability-to-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-is-linked-to-low-neuropeptide-y-levels
#13
Michael Winterdahl, Alessandro Miani, Moana J H Vercoe, Antonia Ciovica, Lori Uber-Zak, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Paul J Zak
Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) is a conversion disorder that reflects underlying psychological distress. Female patients with PNES often present with a history of prolonged stressors, especially sexual abuse. In the current study, we studied the relationship between neuropeptide Y (NPY) and PNES symptoms in women with a history of sexual abuse. NPY has been associated with resilience to stress and we hypothesized that low levels would increase the extent and severity of PNES symptoms in this patient population...
September 19, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926674/prior-mental-disorders-and-lifetime-suicidal-behaviors-among-us-army-soldiers-in-the-army-study-to-assess-risk-and-resilience-in-servicemembers-army-starrs
#14
Alexander J Millner, Robert J Ursano, Irving Hwang, Andrew J King, James A Naifeh, Nancy A Sampson, Alan M Zaslavsky, Murray B Stein, Ronald C Kessler, Matthew K Nock
We report on associations of retrospectively reported temporally prior mental disorders and Army career characteristics with subsequent first onset of suicidal behaviors in a large, representative sample of US Army soldiers who participated in the Consolidated All-Army Survey of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (N = 29,982). Results reveal that among men and women, all self-reported lifetime disorders measured (some assessed with screening scales) are associated with subsequent onset of suicide ideation...
September 19, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926597/altered-embryonic-development-in-northern-bobwhite-quail-colinus-virginianus-induced-by-pre-incubation-oscillatory-thermal-stresses-mimicking-global-warming-predictions
#15
Kelly S Reyna, Warren W Burggren
Global warming is likely to alter reproductive success of ground-nesting birds that lay eggs normally left unattended for days or even weeks before actual parental incubation, especially in already warm climates. The native North American bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) is such a species, and pre-incubation quail eggs may experience temperatures ≥45°C. Yet, almost nothing is known about embryonic survival after such high pre-incubation temperatures. Freshly laid bobwhite quail eggs were exposed during a 12 day pre-incubation period to one of five thermal regimes: low oscillating temperatures (25-40°C, mean = 28...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926525/effect-of-a-mentor-based-supportive-expressive-program-be-resilient-to-breast-cancer-on-survival-in-metastatic-breast-cancer-a-randomised-controlled-intervention-trial
#16
Zeng Jie Ye, Hong Zhong Qiu, Mu Zi Liang, Mei Ling Liu, Peng Fei Li, Peng Chen, Zhe Sun, Yuan Liang Yu, Shu Ni Wang, Zhang Zhang, Kun Lun Liao, Cai Fen Peng, Hui Huang, Guang Yun Hu, Yun Fei Zhu, Zhen Zeng, Qu Hu, Jing Jing Zhao
BACKGROUND: Because of medical advances, metastatic breast cancer (MBC) is now viewed as a chronic disease, rather than an imminent death sentence. Helping women live with this disease requires more than a medical approach to symptoms. Thus, a mentor-based and supportive-expressive program 'Be Resilient to Breast Cancer' (BRBC) was designed to help Chinese women with MBC enhance their resilience levels, biopsychosocial functions, and potentially extend their life span. METHODS: A total of 226 women with MBC were randomly assigned, in a 1 : 1 ratio, to an intervention group (IG) that participated in BRBC or to a control group (CG) that received no intervention...
September 19, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926148/biodiversity-and-species-competition-regulate-the-resilience-of-microbial-biofilm-community
#17
Kai Feng, Zhaojing Zhang, Weiwei Cai, Wenzong Liu, Meiying Xu, Huaqun Yin, Aijie Wang, Zhili He, Ye Deng
The relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem stability is poorly understood in microbial communities. Biofilm communities in small bioreactors called microbial electrolysis cells (MEC) contain moderate species numbers and easy tractable functional traits, thus providing an ideal platform for verifying ecological theories in microbial ecosystems. Here, we investigated the resilience of biofilm communities with a gradient of diversity, and explored the relationship between biodiversity and stability in response to a pH shock...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926000/the-bdnf-val66met-polymorphism-regulates-glucocorticoid-induced-corticohippocampal-remodeling-and-behavioral-despair
#18
M Notaras, X Du, J Gogos, M van den Buuse, R A Hill
The BDNF Val66Met polymorphism has been associated with sensitivity to stress and affective disorders. We therefore sought to model the inter-causality of these relationships under controlled laboratory conditions. We subjected humanized BDNF Val66Met (hBDNF(Val66Met)) transgenic mice to a history of stress, modeled by chronic late-adolescent corticosterone (CORT) exposure, before evaluating affective-related behavior using the forced-swim test (FST) in adulthood. While hBDNF(Met/Met) mice had a depression-like phenotype in the FST irrespective of CORT, hBDNF(Val/Val) wildtype mice had a resilient phenotype but developed an equally robust depressive-like phenotype following CORT...
September 19, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925881/coping-with-stress-during-aging-the-importance-of-a-resilient-brain
#19
P Sampedro-Piquero, P Álvarez-Suárez, A Begega
BACKGROUND: Resilience is the ability to achieve a positive outcome when we are in the face of adversity. It supposes an active resistance to adversity by coping mechanisms in which genetic, molecular, neural and environmental factors are involved. Resilience has been usually studied in early ages and few is known about it during aging. METHODS: In this review, we will address the age-related changes in the brain mechanisms involved in regulating the stress response...
September 15, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925807/suicide-risk-among-holocaust-survivors-following-psychiatric-hospitalizations-a-historic-cohort-study
#20
Ido Lurie, Nehama Goldberger, Adi Gur, Ziona Haklai
OBJECTIVES: The association between Holocaust experience, suicide and psychiatric hospitalization has not been unequivocally established. The aim of this study was to determine the risk of suicide among three Jewish groups with past or current psychiatric hospitalizations: Holocaust survivors (HS), survivors of pre- Holocaust persecution (early HS) and a comparison group of similar European background who did not experience Holocaust persecution. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study based on the Israel National Psychiatric Case Register (NPCR) and the database of causes of death, all suicides in the years 1981-2009 were found for HS (n = 16,406), early HS (n = 1,212) and a comparison group (n = 4,286)...
September 19, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
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