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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213122/improvement-of-mindfulness-skills-during-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-predicts-long-term-reductions-of-neuroticism-in-persons-with-recurrent-depression-in-remission
#1
Philip Spinhoven, Marloes J Huijbers, Johan Ormel, Anne E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether changes in mindfulness skills following Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) are predictive of long-term changes in personality traits. METHODS: Using data from the MOMENT study, we included 278 participants with recurrent depression in remission allocated to Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT). Mindfulness skills were measured with the FFMQ at baseline, after treatment and at 15-month follow-up and personality traits with the NEO-PI-R at baseline and follow-up...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194835/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-as-an-augmentation-treatment-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#2
Brenda L Key, Karen Rowa, Peter Bieling, Randi McCabe, Elizabeth J Pawluk
: A significant number of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients continue to experience symptoms that interfere with their functioning following cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Providing an additional augmentation treatment following CBT could help reduce these residual symptoms. Mindfulness interventions that facilitate less reactivity to thoughts and feelings may be helpful for patients suffering from residual OCD symptoms. The purpose of the current randomized waitlist control trial was to evaluate the feasibility and impact of providing an 8-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) intervention following completion of a CBT intervention to OCD patients who continued to suffer from significant symptoms...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191335/the-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-iranian-female-adolescents-suffering-from-social-anxiety
#3
Shima Ebrahiminejad, Hamid Poursharifi, Abbas Bakhshiour Roodsari, Zahra Zeinodini, Simasadat Noorbakhsh
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety is one of the most common psychological disorders that exists among children and adolescents, and it has profound effects on their psychological states and academic achievements. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) on diminishing social anxiety disorder symptoms and improving the self-esteem of female adolescents suffering from social anxiety. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Semi-experimental research was conducted on 30 female students diagnosed with social anxiety...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115049/-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-is-efficient-in-the-treatment-of-recurrent-depression
#4
Anne Maj van der Velden, Jacob Piet, Anne Buch Møller, Lone Fjorback
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is an evidence-based psychotherapeutic intervention, which integrates elements of cognitive behavioural therapy for depression with the clinical application of mindfulness meditation. MBCT is currently recommended in several national clinical guidelines as a preventative treatment for recurrent major depressive disorder. Over the last fifteen years there has been a growing interest in MBCT and its clinical potential in the prevention of depressive episodes. In this article, we review the current status of the research in the field...
January 23, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094662/clinical-and-psychological-moderators-of-the-effect-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-persistent-pain-in-women-treated-for-primary-breast-cancer-explorative-analyses-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
M Johannsen, M S O'Toole, M O'Connor, A B Jensen, R Zachariae
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based intervention has been found efficacious in reducing persistent pain in women treated for breast cancer. Little, however, is known about possible moderators of the effect. We explored clinical and psychological moderators of the effect on pain intensity previously found in a randomized controlled trial of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) with women treated for breast cancer with persistent pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 129 women treated for breast cancer reporting persistent pain were randomized to MBCT or a wait-list control...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038496/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-college-students-with-adhd
#6
Yingqi Gu, Guangxing Xu, Yi Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Between 2% and 8% of college students meet criteria for ADHD, with increased incidence in recent decades. There are very few clinical trials conducted on the meaningful intervention of ADHD in college. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) effectively treats college students with ADHD and could be more feasibly applied in college mental health clinics. METHOD: Fifty-four undergraduates with ADHD between ages 19 and 24 were randomized to receive either MBCT or wait-list (WL) during a 6-week intervention phase...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025621/the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-depression-and-anxiety-in-women-with-premenstrual-syndrome
#7
Faeze Panahi, Mahbobeh Faramarzi
Objective. Little research has been done regarding the role of psychotherapy in the treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). The aim of this study was to examine the effect of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) on the PMS symptoms and depression and anxiety symptoms in women with PMS. Design. In a randomized controlled trial, a total of 60 students at Mazandaran University with mild to moderate PMS who had depressive symptoms (Beck depression scores 16-47) were randomly allocated to either an experimental (n = 30) or a control (n = 30) group...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965824/participants-perspectives-on-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-qualitative-study-nested-within-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Mariyana Schoultz, Leah Macaden, Gill Hubbard
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based interventions have shown to improve depression and anxiety symptoms as well as quality of life in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, little is known about the experiences of this group of patients participating in mindfulness interventions. This paper sets out to explore the perspectives of patients with IBD recruited to a pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) about the intervention. METHODS: In a qualitative study nested within a parallel two-arm pilot RCT of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for patients with IBD, two focus group interviews (using the same schedule) and a free text postal survey were conducted...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928248/the-effect-of-combining-mindfulness-based-cognitive-%C3%A2-therapy-with-pharmacotherapy-on-%C3%A2-depression-and-emotion-%C3%A2-regulation-of-patients-with-dysthymia-a-clinical-study
#9
Sajedeh Hamidian, Abdollah Omidi, Seyyed Masoud Mousavinasab, Ghasem Naziri
Objective: Mindfulness skills are assumed to be related with emotions. Deficits in emotion ‎regulation could lead to development and persistence of mood disorders. Dysthymia and double ‎depression are two chronic types of depression. This chronicity can be attributed to the one's ‎inability to regulate his/ her mood. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of mindfulness-‎based cognitive therapy (MBCT), which is one of the proposed methods for emotion regulation, ‎on depression and the ability of emotion regulation of patients with dysthymia...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909465/group-and-individual-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-are-both-effective-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-in-depressed-people-with-a-somatic-disease
#10
Maya J Schroevers, K Annika Tovote, Evelien Snippe, Joke Fleer
Depressive symptoms are commonly reported by individuals suffering from a chronic medical condition. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) has been shown to be an effective psychological intervention for reducing depressive symptoms in a range of populations. MBCT is traditionally given in a group format. The aim of the current pilot RCT was to examine the effects of group-based MBCT and individually based MBCT for reducing depressive symptoms in adults suffering from one or more somatic diseases. In this study, 56 people with a somatic condition and comorbid depressive symptoms (i...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894461/does-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-benefit-all-people-with-diabetes-and-comorbid-emotional-complaints-equally-moderators-in-the-diamind-trial
#11
Ivan Nyklíček, Jenny van Son, Victor J Pop, Johan Denollet, François Pouwer
OBJECTIVES: Research has shown the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions for a variety of emotional problems in different samples, but it is unknown which factors influence this effectiveness. Therefore, the aim of the current study was: which factors (demographic, personality, and baseline levels of mindfulness skills) moderate the effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)? METHODS: Outpatients with diabetes (type 1 or type 2; N=139) and an elevated level of emotional distress participated in the Diabetes and Mindfulness (DiaMind) trial...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887679/-mindfulness-based-interventions-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-mechanisms-of-action-and-presentation-of-a-pilot-study
#12
M Gasnier, A Pelissolo, G Bondolfi, S Pelissolo, M Tomba, L Mallet, K N'diaye
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a frequent and severe disease, potentially inducing a major impairment for the patient and burden for their family. Recent research in psychiatry and neuroscience have led to better comprehension of the disease's mechanisms and helped to improve its treatment. However, a large proportion of patients have refractory symptoms, including for traditional cognitive and behavioral therapy by exposure and response prevention (ERP), leading clinicians to look for new treatments...
November 22, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870567/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-in-advanced-prostate-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Suzanne K Chambers, Stefano Occhipinti, Elizabeth Foley, Samantha Clutton, Melissa Legg, Martin Berry, Martin R Stockler, Mark Frydenberg, Robert A Gardiner, Stephen J Lepore, Ian D Davis, David P Smith
Purpose Advanced prostate cancer (PC) is associated with substantial psychosocial morbidity. We sought to determine whether mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) reduces distress in men with advanced PC. Methods Men with advanced PC (proven metastatic and/or castration-resistant biochemical progression) were randomly assigned to an 8-week, group-based MBCT intervention delivered by telephone (n = 94) or to minimally enhanced usual care (n = 95). Primary intervention outcomes were psychological distress, cancer-specific distress, and prostate-specific antigen anxiety...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834499/-i-had-a-sort-of-epiphany-an-exploratory-study-of-group-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-older-people-with-depression
#14
Caroline M Williams, Frances Meeten, Susan Whiting
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) has been successful in reducing depressive symptoms in people with chronic-recurrent depression. However, the research evaluating the efficacy of this approach, and other innovative treatments for mood disorders, has mainly been with people under 65 years. This paper aims to help redress this imbalance by exploring older people's own reflections of their experience of MBCT. METHODS: A qualitative approach was used to explore 13 participants' experiences of MBCT; participants were interviewed pre and post-intervention and again after six months...
November 11, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830339/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-depressed-individuals-improves-suppression-of-irrelevant-mental-sets
#15
Jonathan Greenberg, Benjamin G Shapero, David Mischoulon, Sara W Lazar
An impaired ability to suppress currently irrelevant mental-sets is a key cognitive deficit in depression. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) was specifically designed to help depressed individuals avoid getting caught in such irrelevant mental-sets. In the current study, a group assigned to MBCT plus treatment-as-usual (n = 22) exhibited significantly lower depression scores and greater improvements in irrelevant mental-set suppression compared to a wait-list plus treatment-as-usual (n = 18) group...
November 9, 2016: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828695/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-patients-with-depression-decreases-the-need-for-outpatient-visits
#16
Robert G Bota, Jessica Hazen, Ryan Tieu, Andrei Novac
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the use of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) in patients with a history of 2 or more episodes of major depressive disorder and other mood disorders will decrease the need for medication management and other interventions and will also decrease the need for outpatient services and the overall cost of treatment. METHODS: The study patients completed MBCT group sessions between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2013. Patients who had 2 or more episodes of major depressive disorder (recurrent MDD) were categorized into a group...
August 25, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827541/can-mindfulness-based-interventions-influence-cognitive-functioning-in-older-adults-a-review-and-considerations-for-future-research
#17
Lotte Berk, Martin van Boxtel, Jim van Os
OBJECTIVES: An increased need exists to examine factors that protect against age-related cognitive decline. There is preliminary evidence that meditation can improve cognitive function. However, most studies are cross-sectional and examine a wide variety of meditation techniques. This review focuses on the standard eight-week mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) such as mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT). METHOD: We searched the PsychINFO, CINAHL, Web of Science, COCHRANE, and PubMed databases to identify original studies investigating the effects of MBI on cognition in older adults...
November 9, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737714/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-psychological-distress-in-pregnancy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Lianne M Tomfohr-Madsen, Tavis S Campbell, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Nicole L Letourneau, Linda E Carlson, Joshua W Madsen, Sona Dimidjian
BACKGROUND: Clinically significant psychological distress in pregnancy is common, with epidemiological research suggesting that between 15 and 25 % of pregnant women experience elevated symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression. Untreated psychological distress in pregnancy is associated with poor obstetrical outcomes, changes in maternal physiology, elevated incidence of child physical and psychological disorders, and is predictive of maternal postpartum mood disorders. Despite the wide-ranging impact of antenatal psychological distress on mothers and their children, there is a gap in our knowledge about the most effective treatments that are available for psychological distress experienced in pregnancy...
October 13, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712106/a-pilot-study-of-eight-session-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-adapted-for-women-s-sexual-interest-arousal-disorder
#19
Laurel Q P Paterson, Ariel B Handy, Lori A Brotto
While few treatment options exist for low sexual desire and arousal, the most common sexual dysfunction in women, a growing body of research supports the efficacy of mindfulness-based approaches. The mechanisms underlying improvements, and whether they are due to mindfulness practice or other treatment components, are unclear. As a result, we designed and pilot-tested an eight-session group mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for sexuality (MBCT-S) program that includes more extensive practice of mindfulness skills and closely aligns with the evidence-based MBCT program for depression and anxiety...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695378/improving-self-regulation-in-adolescents-current-evidence-for-the-role-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy
#20
REVIEW
Carisa Perry-Parrish, Nikeea Copeland-Linder, Lindsey Webb, Ashley H Shields, Erica Ms Sibinga
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) was introduced in 1995 to address the problem of recurrent depression. MBCT is based on the notion that meditation helps individuals effectively deploy and regulate attention to effectively manage and treat a range of psychological symptoms, including emotional responses to stress, anxiety, and depression. Several studies demonstrate that mindfulness approaches can effectively reduce negative emotional reactions that result from and/or exacerbate psychiatric difficulties and exposure to stressors among children, adolescents, and their parents...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
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