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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580164/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-programme-for-depression-in-people-with-early-stages-of-dementia-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-study
#1
Elisa Aguirre, Josh Stott, Georgina Charlesworth, Deirdre Noone, Jacob Payne, Mina Patel, Aimee Spector
BACKGROUND: Depression and dementia are major public health problems in the UK. Depression in early-stage dementia is very common and significantly reduces quality of life, speeds cognitive decline and increases functional impairment. Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is an effective depression prevention programme, and the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) has suggested that MBCT is a priority for implementation. Alongside this, there is emerging evidence demonstrating promising results in relation to the benefits of adapted mindfulness interventions for people with dementia, suggesting that it could be beneficial in reducing depressive symptoms and in slowing deterioration in cognitive functions such as sustained attention, distraction inhibition and task switching...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571242/the-efficacy-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-resilience-among-the-wives-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#2
Kamal Solati
INTRODUCTION: The wives of patients with schizophrenia experience high levels of stress due to their spouses' disease, which leads to certain problems and decreased adaptability and efficiency in them. AIM: This study investigated the efficacy of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) on resilience in schizophrenia patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, 40 wives of patients with schizophrenia (20 assigned to experimental group and 20 to control group) whose husbands were kept in rehabilitation centers for mental disorders were enrolled according to convenience sampling...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527330/home-practice-in-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-and-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-participants-mindfulness-practice-and-its-association-with-outcomes
#3
Christine E Parsons, Catherine Crane, Liam J Parsons, Lone Overby Fjorback, Willem Kuyken
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) emphasize the importance of mindfulness practice at home as an integral part of the program. However, the extent to which participants complete their assigned practice is not yet clear, nor is it clear whether this practice is associated with positive outcomes. For this systematic review and meta-analysis, searches were performed using Scopus and PubMed for studies published through to the end of 2015, reporting on formal home practice of mindfulness by MBSR or MBCT participants...
May 10, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501707/mechanisms-of-action-in-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-and-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-in-people-with-physical-and-or-psychological-conditions-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Modi Alsubaie, Rebecca Abbott, Barnaby Dunn, Chris Dickens, Tina Frieda Keil, William Henley, Willem Kuyken
BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been an increased interest in studying the effects of mindfulness-based interventions for people with psychological and physical problems. However, the mechanisms of action in these interventions that lead to beneficial physical and psychological outcomes have yet to be clearly identified. PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to review, systematically, the evidence to date on the mechanisms of action in mindfulness interventions in populations with physical and/or psychological conditions...
July 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481837/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-and-persistent-pain-in-women-treated-for-primary-breast-cancer-exploring-possible-statistical-mediators-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Maja Johannsen, Maja O'Connor, Mia Skytte O'Toole, Anders Bonde Jensen, Robert Zachariae
OBJECTIVES: To investigate possible statistical mediators in a randomized controlled trial of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) on pain intensity in women treated for primary breast cancer. METHODS: The sample consisted of 129 women treated for breast cancer, presenting with persistent pain, who were randomly assigned to MBCT or a wait-list control. We previously reported a statistically significant and robust effect of MBCT on pain intensity (11-point Numeric Rating Scale), which was included as the primary outcome...
May 5, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477343/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-is-cost-effective-compared-to-a-wait-list-control-for-persistent-pain-in-women-treated-for-primary-breast-cancer-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
M Johannsen, J Sørensen, M O'Connor, A B Jensen, R Zachariae
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) com- pared to a wait-list control group for pain in women treated for breast cancer. METHODS: A total of 129 women were randomly allocated to MBCT or a wait-list control group. The primary outcome was the Minimal Clinically Important Difference (MCID) on pain intensity (>2 point reduction on an 11-point Numeric Rating Scale). Analyses were conducted from the healthcare system perspective and included data on healthcare utilization and pain medication retrieved from national registries for the period from baseline (T1) to 6 months post-intervention (T4)...
May 5, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425449/the-impact-of-treatments-for-depression-on-the-dynamic-network-structure-of-mental-states-two-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Evelien Snippe, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Nicole Geschwind, Annelie Klippel, Peter de Jonge, Marieke Wichers
Evidence is growing that vulnerability to depression may be characterized by strong negative feedback loops between mental states. It is unknown whether such dynamics between mental states can be altered by treatment. This study examined whether treatment with imipramine or treatment with Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) reduces the connectivity within dynamic networks of mental states in individuals with depressive symptoms. In the Imipramine trial, individuals diagnosed with major depression were randomized to imipramine treatment or placebo-pill treatment (n = 50)...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410446/self-reported-long-term-benefits-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#8
Béatrice Weber, Loretta Sala, Marianne Gex-Fabry, Aurélie Docteur, Philip Gorwood, Paolo Cordera, Guido Bondolfi, Françoise Jermann, Jean-Michel Aubry, Christine Mirabel-Sarron
OBJECTIVES: This study focused on patients with bipolar disorder (BD), several years after their participation in mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT). It aimed at documenting sustained mindfulness practice, perceived long-term benefit from the program, and changes regarded as direct consequences of the intervention. DESIGN: This cross-sectional survey took place at least 2 years after MBCT for 70.4% of participants. LOCATION: It was conducted in two specialized outpatient units for BDs that are part of the Geneva University Hospitals (Switzerland) and the Sainte-Anne Hospital in Paris (France)...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278742/cognitive-reactivity-as-outcome-and-working-mechanism-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-recurrently-depressed-patients-in-remission
#9
M B Cladder-Micus, J van Aalderen, A R T Donders, J Spijker, J N Vrijsen, A E M Speckens
Major depressive disorder is a prevalent condition with high relapse rates. There is evidence that cognitive reactivity is an important vulnerability factor for the recurrence of depression. Mindfulness-based interventions are designed to reduce relapse rates, with cognitive reactivity as one of the proposed working mechanisms. In a randomised controlled trial we compared the effect of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) with treatment-as-usual (TAU) on cognitive reactivity in recurrently depressed patients (N = 115)...
February 7, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252881/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-on-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-unipolar-depression-in-patients-with-chronic-pain
#10
Marasha de Jong, Frenk Peeters, Tim Gard, Heidi Ashih, Jim Doorley, Rosemary Walker, Laurie Rhoades, Ronald J Kulich, Karsten D Kueppenbender, Jonathan E Alpert, Elizabeth A Hoge, Willoughby B Britton, Sara W Lazar, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon
OBJECTIVE: Chronic pain is a disabling illness, often comorbid with depression. We performed a randomized controlled pilot study on mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) targeting depression in a chronic pain population. METHOD: Participants with chronic pain lasting ≥ 3 months; DSM-IV major depressive disorder (MDD), dysthymic disorder, or depressive disorder not otherwise specified; and a 16-item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Clinician Rated (QIDS-C₁₆) score ≥ 6 were randomly assigned to MBCT (n = 26) or waitlist (n = 14)...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213122/improvement-of-mindfulness-skills-during-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-predicts-long-term-reductions-of-neuroticism-in-persons-with-recurrent-depression-in-remission
#11
Philip Spinhoven, Marloes J Huijbers, Johan Ormel, Anne E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether changes in mindfulness skills following Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) are predictive of long-term changes in personality traits. METHODS: Using data from the MOMENT study, we included 278 participants with recurrent depression in remission allocated to Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT). Mindfulness skills were measured with the FFMQ at baseline, after treatment and at 15-month follow-up and personality traits with the NEO-PI-R at baseline and follow-up...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194835/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-as-an-augmentation-treatment-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#12
Brenda L Key, Karen Rowa, Peter Bieling, Randi McCabe, Elizabeth J Pawluk
A significant number of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients continue to experience symptoms that interfere with their functioning following cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Providing an additional augmentation treatment following CBT could help reduce these residual symptoms. Mindfulness interventions that facilitate less reactivity to thoughts and feelings may be helpful for patients suffering from residual OCD symptoms. The purpose of the current randomized waitlist control trial was to evaluate the feasibility and impact of providing an 8-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) intervention following completion of a CBT intervention to OCD patients who continued to suffer from significant symptoms...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191335/the-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-iranian-female-adolescents-suffering-from-social-anxiety
#13
Shima Ebrahiminejad, Hamid Poursharifi, Abbas Bakhshiour Roodsari, Zahra Zeinodini, Simasadat Noorbakhsh
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety is one of the most common psychological disorders that exists among children and adolescents, and it has profound effects on their psychological states and academic achievements. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) on diminishing social anxiety disorder symptoms and improving the self-esteem of female adolescents suffering from social anxiety. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Semi-experimental research was conducted on 30 female students diagnosed with social anxiety...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115049/-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-is-efficient-in-the-treatment-of-recurrent-depression
#14
Anne Maj van der Velden, Jacob Piet, Anne Buch Møller, Lone Fjorback
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is an evidence-based psychotherapeutic intervention, which integrates elements of cognitive behavioural therapy for depression with the clinical application of mindfulness meditation. MBCT is currently recommended in several national clinical guidelines as a preventative treatment for recurrent major depressive disorder. Over the last fifteen years there has been a growing interest in MBCT and its clinical potential in the prevention of depressive episodes. In this article, we review the current status of the research in the field...
January 23, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094662/clinical-and-psychological-moderators-of-the-effect-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-persistent-pain-in-women-treated-for-primary-breast-cancer-explorative-analyses-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
M Johannsen, M S O'Toole, M O'Connor, A B Jensen, R Zachariae
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based intervention has been found efficacious in reducing persistent pain in women treated for breast cancer. Little, however, is known about possible moderators of the effect. We explored clinical and psychological moderators of the effect on pain intensity previously found in a randomized controlled trial of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) with women treated for breast cancer with persistent pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 129 women treated for breast cancer reporting persistent pain were randomized to MBCT or a wait-list control...
February 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038496/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-college-students-with-adhd
#16
Yingqi Gu, Guangxing Xu, Yi Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Between 2% and 8% of college students meet criteria for ADHD, with increased incidence in recent decades. There are very few clinical trials conducted on the meaningful intervention of ADHD in college. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) effectively treats college students with ADHD and could be more feasibly applied in college mental health clinics. METHOD: Fifty-four undergraduates with ADHD between ages 19 and 24 were randomized to receive either MBCT or wait-list (WL) during a 6-week intervention phase...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025621/the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-depression-and-anxiety-in-women-with-premenstrual-syndrome
#17
Faeze Panahi, Mahbobeh Faramarzi
Objective. Little research has been done regarding the role of psychotherapy in the treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). The aim of this study was to examine the effect of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) on the PMS symptoms and depression and anxiety symptoms in women with PMS. Design. In a randomized controlled trial, a total of 60 students at Mazandaran University with mild to moderate PMS who had depressive symptoms (Beck depression scores 16-47) were randomly allocated to either an experimental (n = 30) or a control (n = 30) group...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965824/participants-perspectives-on-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-qualitative-study-nested-within-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Mariyana Schoultz, Leah Macaden, Gill Hubbard
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based interventions have shown to improve depression and anxiety symptoms as well as quality of life in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, little is known about the experiences of this group of patients participating in mindfulness interventions. This paper sets out to explore the perspectives of patients with IBD recruited to a pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) about the intervention. METHODS: In a qualitative study nested within a parallel two-arm pilot RCT of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for patients with IBD, two focus group interviews (using the same schedule) and a free text postal survey were conducted...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928248/the-effect-of-combining-mindfulness-based-cognitive-%C3%A2-therapy-with-pharmacotherapy-on-%C3%A2-depression-and-emotion-%C3%A2-regulation-of-patients-with-dysthymia-a-clinical-study
#19
Sajedeh Hamidian, Abdollah Omidi, Seyyed Masoud Mousavinasab, Ghasem Naziri
Objective: Mindfulness skills are assumed to be related with emotions. Deficits in emotion ‎regulation could lead to development and persistence of mood disorders. Dysthymia and double ‎depression are two chronic types of depression. This chronicity can be attributed to the one's ‎inability to regulate his/ her mood. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of mindfulness-‎based cognitive therapy (MBCT), which is one of the proposed methods for emotion regulation, ‎on depression and the ability of emotion regulation of patients with dysthymia...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909465/group-and-individual-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-are-both-effective-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-in-depressed-people-with-a-somatic-disease
#20
Maya J Schroevers, K Annika Tovote, Evelien Snippe, Joke Fleer
Depressive symptoms are commonly reported by individuals suffering from a chronic medical condition. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) has been shown to be an effective psychological intervention for reducing depressive symptoms in a range of populations. MBCT is traditionally given in a group format. The aim of the current pilot RCT was to examine the effects of group-based MBCT and individually based MBCT for reducing depressive symptoms in adults suffering from one or more somatic diseases. In this study, 56 people with a somatic condition and comorbid depressive symptoms (i...
2016: Mindfulness
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