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Emotional regulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057673/maternal-distress-in-the-context-of-their-child-s-type-1-diabetes-exploring-the-role-of-adaptive-maternal-emotion-regulation-on-child-outcomes
#1
Cynthia Van Gampelaere, Tine Vervoort, Koen Luyckx, Annick De Paepe, Sara Van Aken, Liesbet Goubert
Parents of children with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) experience high levels of distress, which may negatively impact child functioning. However, little is known about mechanisms that may buffer the adverse impact of parental distress. The current study explored the possible buffering role of maternal adaptive cognitive emotion regulation (CER) for the relationship between maternal distress and child psychological functioning. Forty-three children with T1D (8-15 years) completed measures assessing trait anxiety and depressive symptoms...
October 23, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055520/childhood-polybrominated-diphenyl-ether-pbde-exposure-and-executive-function-in-children-in-the-home-study
#2
Ann M Vuong, Kimberly Yolton, Kendra L Poston, Changchun Xie, Glenys M Webster, Andreas Sjödin, Joseph M Braun, Kim N Dietrich, Bruce P Lanphear, Aimin Chen
Prenatal exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been reported to impair executive function in children, but little is known whether childhood PBDE exposures play a role. Using the Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment (HOME) Study, a prospective birth cohort in the greater Cincinnati area, we investigated the association between repeated measures of PBDEs during childhood and executive function at 8 years in 208 children and whether effect modification by child sex was present. We used child serum collected at 1, 2, 3, 5, and 8 years to measure PBDEs...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054731/the-impact-of-obesity-and-hypercaloric-diet-consumption-on-anxiety-and-emotional-behavior-across-the-lifespan
#3
REVIEW
Kathryn D Baker, Amy Loughman, Sarah J Spencer, Amy C Reichelt
Obesity is an increasing problem in young people. Childhood obesity and overweight have increased rapidly on a global scale, and have tripled in the past 30 years, to affect approximately one in five children. Diets high in refined fats and sugar are a major contributor to the development of obesity, and the effects of such obesity-inducing hypercaloric diets on brain function may contribute to the high prevalence of anxiety disorders in people with obesity. Anxiety disorders typically emerge in childhood and adolescence, and symptoms often continue into adulthood...
October 17, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054435/networks-of-phobic-fear-functional-connectivity-shifts-in-two-subtypes-of-specific-phobia
#4
Maria R Stefanescu, Ralph J Endres, Kevin Hilbert, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Ulrike Lueken
Anxiety disorders can be conceptualized by an abnormal interplay of emotion-processing brain circuits; however, knowledge of brain connectivity measures in specific phobia is still limited. To explore functional interactions within selected fear-circuitry structures (anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), amygdala, insula), we re-examined three task-based fMRI studies using a symptom provocation approach (n=94 subjects in total) on two different phobia subtypes (animal subtype as represented by snake phobia (SP) and blood-injection-injury subtype as represented by dental phobia (DP)), and a non-phobic healthy control group (HC)...
October 17, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052240/testing-predictions-of-the-emotion-regulation-model-of-binge-eating-disorder
#5
Therese E Kenny, Christopher Singleton, Jacqueline C Carter
OBJECTIVE: The emotion regulation (ER) model of binge eating posits that individuals with binge-eating disorder (BED) experience more intense emotions and greater difficulties in ER than individuals without BED, leading them to binge eat as a means of regulating emotions. According to this model, individuals with BED should report greater difficulties in ER than their non-BED counterparts, the severity of these difficulties should be positively associated with BED symptoms, and this association should be stronger when individuals experience persistent negative emotions (i...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052102/changes-in-cerebellar-functional-connectivity-and-autonomic-regulation-in-cancer-patients-treated-with-the-neuro-emotional-technique-for-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#6
Daniel A Monti, Anna Tobia, Marie Stoner, Nancy Wintering, Michael Matthews, Chris J Conklin, Feroze B Mohamed, Inna Chervoneva, Andrew B Newberg
PURPOSE: A growing number of research studies have implicated the cerebellum in emotional processing and regulation, especially with regard to negative emotional memories. However, there currently are no studies showing functional changes in the cerebellum as a result of treatment for traumatic stress symptoms. The Neuro Emotional Technique (NET) is an intervention designed to help improve symptoms related to traumatic stress using an integrative approach that combines emotional, cognitive, and motor processing, with a particular focus on autonomic nervous system regulation...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051523/emotion-regulating-attentional-control-abnormalities-in-major-depressive-disorder-an-event-related-potential-study
#7
Bin Hu, Juan Rao, Xiaowei Li, Tong Cao, Jianxiu Li, Dennis Majoe, Jürg Gutknecht
Major depressive disorders (MDD) exhibit cognitive dysfunction with respect to attention. The deficiencies in cognitive control of emotional information are associated with MDD as compared to healthy controls (HC). However, the brain mechanism underlying emotion that influences the attentional control in MDD necessitates further research. The present study explores the emotion-regulated cognitive competence in MDD at a dynamic attentional stage. Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) were recorded from 35 clinical MDD outpatients and matched HCs by applying a modified affective priming dot-probe paradigm, which consisted of various emotional facial expression pairs...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050636/targeting-self-regulation-to-promote-health-behaviors-in-children
#8
Alison L Miller, Ashley N Gearhardt, Emily M Fredericks, Benjamin Katz, Lilly Fink Shapiro, Kelsie Holden, Niko Kaciroti, Richard Gonzalez, Christine Hunter, Julie C Lumeng
Poor self-regulation (i.e., inability to harness cognitive, emotional, motivational resources to achieve goals) is hypothesized to contribute to unhealthy behaviors across the lifespan. Enhancing early self-regulation may increase positive health outcomes. Obesity is a major public health concern with early-emerging precursors related to self-regulation; it is therefore a good model for understanding self-regulation and health behavior. Preadolescence is a transition when children increase autonomy in health behaviors (e...
September 28, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049929/aggression-emotional-self-regulation-attentional-bias-and-cognitive-inhibition-predict-risky-driving-behavior
#9
Susan Raouf Hadadi Sani, Zahra Tabibi, Javad Salehi Fadardi, Despina Stavrinos
The present study explored whether aggression, emotional regulation, cognitive inhibition, and attentional bias towards emotional stimuli were related to risky driving behavior (driving errors, and driving violations). A total of 117 applicants for taxi driver positions (89% male, M age=36.59years, SD=9.39, age range 24-62years) participated in the study. Measures included the Ahwaz Aggression Inventory, the Difficulties in emotion regulation Questionnaire, the emotional Stroop task, the Go/No-go task, and the Driving Behavior Questionnaire...
October 16, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049381/a-structural-equation-model-of-the-relationship-between-insomnia-negative-affect-and-paranoid-thinking
#10
Alexander J Scott, Georgina Rowse, Thomas L Webb
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence points to relationships between insomnia, negative affect, and paranoid thinking. However, studies are needed to examine (i) whether negative affect mediates the relation between insomnia and paranoid thinking, (ii) whether different types of insomnia exert different effects on paranoia, and (iii) to compare the impact of objective and self-reported sleeping difficulties. METHOD: Structural equation modelling was therefore used to test competing models of the relationships between self-reported insomnia, negative affect, and paranoia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047288/upregulating-positive-affectivity-in-the-transdiagnostic-treatment-of-emotional-disorders-a-randomized-pilot-study
#11
Alberto González-Robles, Azucena García-Palacios, Rosa Baños, Soledad Quero, Cristina Botella
Transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral therapy for emotional disorders (ED) has proven to be effective. However, current transdiagnostic treatment protocols address only the regulation of negative affectivity, and they do not include treatment components to more directly target the regulation of positive affectivity. In this study, we propose to evaluate the preliminary efficacy and acceptability of a transdiagnostic treatment protocol for ED that includes, as an innovative feature, a specific treatment component to directly upregulate positive affectivity based on positive psychology interventions...
October 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046119/walking-children-through-a-minefield-how-professionals-experience-exploring-adverse-childhood-experiences
#12
Ane U Albaek, Liv G Kinn, Anne M Milde
Understanding the challenges of professionals in addressing child adversity is key to improving the detection, protection, and care of exposed children. We aimed to synthesize findings from qualitative studies of professionals' lived experience of addressing child adversity. Through a systematic search, we identified eight qualitative studies and synthesized them using metaethnography. We generated three themes, "feeling inadequate," "fear of making it worse," and "facing evil," and one overarching metaphor, "walking children through a minefield...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045451/getting-to-the-heart-of-the-matter-does-aberrant-interoceptive-processing-contribute-towards-emotional-eating
#13
Hayley A Young, Claire Williams, Aimee E Pink, Gary Freegard, Amy Owens, David Benton
According to estimates from Public Health England, by 2034 70% of adults are expected to be overweight or obese, therefore understanding the underpinning aetiology is a priority. Eating in response to negative affect contributes towards obesity, however, little is known about the underlying mechanisms. Evidence that visceral afferent signals contribute towards the experience of emotion is accumulating rapidly, with the emergence of new influential models of 'active inference'. No longer viewed as a 'bottom up' process, new interoceptive facets based on 'top down' predictions have been proposed, although at present it is unclear which aspects of interoception contribute to aberrant eating behaviour and obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045403/mentalized-affectivity-a-new-model-and-assessment-of-emotion-regulation
#14
David M Greenberg, Jonela Kolasi, Camilla P Hegsted, Yoni Berkowitz, Elliot L Jurist
Here we introduce a new assessment of emotion regulation called the Mentalized Affectivity Scale (MAS). A large online adult sample (N = 2,840) completed the 60-item MAS along with a battery of psychological measures. Results revealed a robust three-component structure underlying mentalized affectivity, which we labeled: Identifying emotions (the ability to identify emotions and to reflect on the factors that influence them); Processing emotions (the ability to modulate and distinguish complex emotions); and Expressing emotions (the tendency to express emotions outwardly or inwardly)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044807/impaired-emotion-processing-and-a-reduction-in-trust-in-patients-with-somatic-symptom-disorder
#15
Maja Erkic, Josef Bailer, Sabrina C Fenske, Stephanie N L Schmidt, Jörg Trojan, Annette Schröder, Peter Kirsch, Daniela Mier
There is accumulating evidence for deficits in the perception and regulation of one's own emotions, as well as the recognition of others' emotions in somatic symptom disorder (SSD). However, investigations of SSD focusing on specific aspects of emotion processing and how these might interact are missing. We included 35 patients with SSD and 35 healthy controls who completed questionnaires on the perception and regulation of their own emotions, as well as experimental investigations of emotion recognition and trust...
October 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043156/transition-to-school-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#16
Annabel Marsh, Vanessa Spagnol, Rachel Grove, Valsamma Eapen
AIM: To identify factors that promote a positive start to school for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Web of Science, MEDLINE, Scopus, and PsychINFO searches were conducted to identify literature published after 1991 and relevant to school transition processes in children with ASD. Twenty studies were deemed eligible for inclusion. These studies evaluated a range of factors including school readiness, parent and teacher perspectives on transition practices, characteristics of children with ASD that are associated with successful transition to school and the impact of school based intervention programs...
September 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042154/a-case-control-study-of-skin-conductance-biofeedback-on-seizure-frequency-and-emotion-regulation-in-drug-resistant-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#17
Iliana Kotwas, Aileen McGonigal, Stéphanie Khalfa, Mireille Bastien-Toniazzo, Fabrice Bartolomei, Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040976/diagnosing-psychopathy-through-emotional-regulation-tasks-heart-rate-variability-versus-implicit-association-test
#18
Gerardo Flórez, Xosé A Vila, María J Lado, Pedro Cuesta, Ventura Ferrer, Luis S García, María R Crespo, Manuel Pérez
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, the assessment of psychopathy relies on semistructured interviews plus file reviews. In order to improve the predictive validity of psychopathy at the individual level, tools that are not based on the rating of signs and symptoms are in great need. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The present study was conducted in a representative sample of 204 Spanish sentenced inmates. These inmates have served at least 6 months of their sentence at the Pereiro de Aguiar (Ourense, Spain) penitentiary...
October 18, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040948/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-community-functioning-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#19
Alan H L Chan, Samuel Y S Wong, Wai-Tong Chien
The present study analyzed the community functioning among Chinese people with common mental disorders and their relationships with different factors under the framework of Model of Human Occupation. The research team followed up a stratified random sample of 238 patients in three public psychiatric specialist outpatient clinics in Hong Kong in one year. The patients completed assessments at baseline and 12-month follow-up in four areas of community functioning (i.e., self-care, independent living skills, social skills, and work skills), self-esteem, self-efficacy, physical functioning, behavioral regulation, mental states, family expressed emotion, and perceived social stigma...
October 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040891/acceptance-lowers-stress-reactivity-dismantling-mindfulness-training-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Emily K Lindsay, Shinzen Young, Joshua M Smyth, Kirk Warren Brown, J David Creswell
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness interventions, which train practitioners to monitor their present-moment experience with a lens of acceptance, are known to buffer stress reactivity. Little is known about the active mechanisms driving these effects. We theorize that acceptance is a critical emotion regulation mechanism underlying mindfulness stress reduction effects. METHOD: In this three-arm parallel trial, mindfulness components were dismantled into three structurally equivalent 15-lesson smartphone-based interventions: (1) training in both monitoring and acceptance (Monitor+Accept), (2) training in monitoring only (Monitor Only), or (3) active control training (Coping control)...
October 8, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
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