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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244734/-i-learned-to-let-go-of-my-pain-the-effects-of-mindfulness-meditation-on-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-an-analysis-of-participants-treatment-experience
#1
Danielle Ruskin, Lauren Harris, Jennifer Stinson, Sara Ahola Kohut, Katie Walker, Erinn McCarthy
Chronic pain can lead to significant negative outcomes across many areas of life. Recently, mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been identified as potentially effective tools for improved pain management among adolescents living with pain. This study aimed to explore the experience of adolescents who participated in an eight-week mindfulness group adapted for adolescents with chronic pain (MBI-A), and obtain their feedback and suggestions on group structure and content. A mixed method design was used employing qualitative data from focus groups and data from a satisfaction questionnaire...
December 15, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244625/the-role-of-oxytocin-and-vasopressin-in-attachment
#2
C Sue Carter
Selective relationships and attachments are central to human health and well-being, both in current societies and during the course of evolution. The presence or absence of social bonds has consequences across the lifespan. The neurobiology of attachment is grounded in neuroendocrine substrates that are shared with reproduction and survival. Experimental studies of species, such as sheep or prairie voles, capable of showing selective social behaviors toward offspring or partners, have provided empirical evidence for the role of oxytocin and vasopressin in the formation of selective attachments...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244620/calming-cycle-theory-and-the-co-regulation-of-oxytocin
#3
Martha G Welch, Robert J Ludwig
The biological functions of oxytocin in attachment and bonding between mother and infant in parturition and breastfeeding and between adults have been studied extensively. However, most current authors have proposed that infant attachment to the mother is learned through operant conditioning mechanisms via the infant's brain and central nervous system. We propose that oxytocin levels in the mother and infant are co-regulated by emotional connection or disconnection, and that the autonomic co-conditioning learning mechanism can be exploited to change a negative physiological and behavioral response between mother and infant into a positive one...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244206/deficits-in-general-emotion-regulation-skills-evidence-of-a-transdiagnostic-factor
#4
Christian Aljoscha Lukas, David Daniel Ebert, Hugo Trevisi Fuentes, Franz Caspar, Matthias Berking
OBJECTIVE: Deficits in emotion regulation (ER) skills are discussed as a transdiagnostic factor contributing to the development and maintenance of various mental disorders. However, systematic comparisons of a broad range of ER skills across diagnostic groups that are based on comparable definitions and measures of ER are still rare. METHOD: Therefore, we conducted two studies assessing a broad range of ER skills with the Emotion Regulation Skills Questionnaire in individuals meeting criteria for mental disorders (N1  = 1448; N2  = 137) and in a general population sample (N = 214)...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244106/psychosocial-support-for-adolescent-girls-in-post-conflict-settings-beyond-a-health-systems-approach
#5
Fiona Samuels, Nicola Jones, Bassam Abu Hamad
Adaptive and adequately resourced health systems are necessary to achieve good health outcomes in post-conflict settings, however domains beyond the health system are also critical to ensure broader wellbeing. This paper focuses on the importance of psychosocial support services for adolescent girls in fragile contexts. Its starting point is that adolescence is a pivotal time in the life course but given the physical, cognitive and emotional changes triggered by the onset of puberty, it can also be a period of heightened sensitivity and vulnerability to trauma, social isolation, bullying by peers, a lack of supportive adults and gender-based and sexual violence...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243309/relevance-of-terrorism-for-italian-students-not-directly-exposed-to-it-the-affective-impact-of-the-2015-paris-and-the-2016-brussels-attacks
#6
Daniela Raccanello, Roberto Burro, Margherita Brondino, Margherita Pasini
Notwithstanding the dramatically increasing frequency of acts of terrorism in Europe and the extent of their media coverage, there is lack of knowledge on people's affective reactions and associated emotion regulation strategies. We explored the affective impact on two cohorts of Italian students (n = 193) possibly exposed vicariously through the mass media to the 2015 Paris or the 2016 Brussels terrorist attacks, respectively. We accessed data from three online questionnaires: one on emotion regulation administered before each attack; one on daily affect administered just before and after each attack; and one on causes of weekly affect and life satisfaction administered at the end of the week in which each attack occurred...
December 15, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242720/a-pilot-rct-of-a-values-based-mindfulness-group-intervention-with-jail-inmates-evidence-for-reduction-in-post-release-risk-behavior
#7
Elizabeth T Malouf, Kerstin Youman, Jeffrey Stuewig, Edward A Witt, June P Tangney
This study pilot-tested a values and mindfulness-based intervention (Re-Entry Values and Mindfulness Program: REVAMP) in a sample of male jail inmates. REVAMP aimed to reduce post-release risky behavior by targeting dimensions of mindfulness (e.g., willingness/acceptance) and associated proximal outcomes/mechanisms of action (emotion regulation, self-control, shame/guilt). Inmates were randomly assigned to REVAMP (n=21) or treatment as usual (TAU, n=19). Attendance and feedback supported REVAMP's feasibility and acceptability...
June 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242080/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-mindfulness-for-survivors-of-homicide-and-their-providers
#8
Stephanie Hartwell, Jeroan Allison, Bonita Jones, Rachel Rodrigues, Clementina Chery, Julianna Andrews, Carl Fulwiler
PURPOSE: This study uses participatory research methods with survivors of homicide and their service providers to explore the feasibility and acceptability of a culturally adapted mindfulness intervention for stress reduction and resilience in homicide survivors. PROCEDURES: Our mixed methods approach included: (a) previewing a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program with providers and survivors; (b) using their iterative feedback during focus groups to revise the curriculum; and (c) studying the acceptability of the adapted curriculum for survivors through focus group and standardized data collection...
November 2, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239637/discrete-emotion-regulation-strategy-repertoires-and-parasympathetic-physiology-characterize-psychopathology-symptoms-in-childhood
#9
Laura E Quiñones-Camacho, Elizabeth L Davis
Certain psychopathologies are often linked to dysregulation of specific emotions (e.g., anxiety is associated with dysregulation of fear), but few studies have examined how regulatory repertoires for specific emotions (e.g., the strategies a person uses to regulate fear) relate to psychopathology, and fewer still have examined this in childhood. A total of 106 7- to 11-year-olds (M = 9.37 years; SD = 1.30; 44% girls) participated in a multimethod investigation of emotion regulation and psychopathology. Parents reported on family characteristics and children's symptoms...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239045/flourishing-positive-emotion-regulation-strategies-of-pharmacy-students
#10
Mariëtta J Basson, Sebastiaan Rothmann
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether flourishing students use different emotion regulation strategies from moderately mentally healthy and languishing students. METHODS: Registered pharmacy students (779) at the North-West University in South Africa completed the emotion regulation profile and Mental Health Continuum - Short Form. The data were analysed using a latent class analysis in Mplus 7.31. KEY FINDINGS: Three latent classes were revealed comprising languishing (14...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238298/enhancement-of-pleasure-during-spontaneous-dance
#11
Nicolò F Bernardi, Antoine Bellemare-Pepin, Isabelle Peretz
Dancing emphasizes the motor expression of emotional experiences. The bodily expression of emotions can modulate the subjective experience of emotions, as when adopting emotion-specific postures and faces. Thus, dancing potentially offers a ground for emotional coping through emotional enhancement and regulation. Here we investigated the emotional responses to music in individuals without any prior dance training while they either freely danced or refrained from movement. Participants were also tested while imitating their own dance movements but in the absence of music as a control condition...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238234/development-of-a-psychological-test-to-measure-ability-based-emotional-intelligence-in-the-indonesian-workplace-using-an-item-response-theory
#12
Fajrianthi, Rizqy Amelia Zein
This study aimed to develop an emotional intelligence (EI) test that is suitable to the Indonesian workplace context. Airlangga Emotional Intelligence Test (Tes Kecerdasan Emosi Airlangga [TKEA]) was designed to measure three EI domains: 1) emotional appraisal, 2) emotional recognition, and 3) emotional regulation. TKEA consisted of 120 items with 40 items for each subset. TKEA was developed based on the Situational Judgment Test (SJT) approach. To ensure its psychometric qualities, categorical confirmatory factor analysis (CCFA) and item response theory (IRT) were applied to test its validity and reliability...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237584/a-mobile-text-message-intervention-to-reduce-repeat-suicidal-episodes-design-and-development-of-reconnecting-after-a-suicide-attempt-raft
#13
Mark Erik Larsen, Fiona Shand, Kirsten Morley, Philip J Batterham, Katherine Petrie, Bill Reda, Sofian Berrouiguet, Paul S Haber, Gregory Carter, Helen Christensen
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death, particularly among young people. Continuity of care following discharge from hospital is critical, yet this is a time when individuals often lose contact with health care services. Offline brief contact interventions following a suicide attempt can reduce the number of repeat attempts, and text message (short message service, SMS) interventions are currently being evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to extend postattempt caring contacts by designing a brief Web-based intervention targeting proximal risk factors and the needs of this population during the postattempt period...
December 13, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237550/the-effects-of-dna-methylation-on-human-psychology
#14
REVIEW
Farzeen Kader, Meenu Ghai, Leah Maharaj
DNA methylation is a fundamental epigenetic modification in the human genome; pivotal in development, genomic imprinting, X inactivation, chromosome stability, gene expression and methylation aberrations are involved in an array of human diseases. Methylation at promoters is associated with transcriptional repression, whereas gene body methylation is generally associated with gene expression. Extrinsic factors such as age, diets and lifestyle affect DNA methylation which consequently alters gene expression...
December 10, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236647/assessing-the-marks-of-change-how-psychotherapy-alters-the-brain-structure-in-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#15
Falk Mancke, Ruth Schmitt, Dorina Winter, Inga Niedtfeld, Sabine C Herpertz, Christian Schmahl
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that psychotherapy can alter the function of the brain of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, it is not known whether psychotherapy can also modify the brain structure of patients with BPD. METHODS: We used structural MRI data of female patients with BPD before and after participation in 12 weeks of residential dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT) and compared them to data from female patients with BPD who received treatment as usual (TAU)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235128/-love-builds-brains-representations-of-attachment-and-children-s-brain-development-in-parenting-education-material
#16
Glenda Wall
A focus on early brain development has come to dominate expert child rearing advice over the past two decades. Recent scholars have noted a reinvigoration of the concept of attachment in this advice and changes in the ways that attachment is framed and understood. The extent to which the concept of attachment is drawn on, the way it is framed, and the consequences for mothers, families and parent-child relationships is examined through a discursive analysis of a current Canadian parental education campaign...
December 12, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234299/why-people-with-more-emotion-regulation-difficulties-made-a-more-deontological-judgment-the-role-of-deontological-inclinations
#17
Lisong Zhang, Zhongquan Li, Xiaoyuan Wu, Ziyuan Zhang
Previous studies have demonstrated the key role of emotion in moral judgment, and explored the relationship between emotion regulation and moral judgment. The present study investigated the influence of individual differences in emotion regulation difficulties on moral judgment. Study 1 examined whether individuals with high emotion regulation difficulties made a more deontological judgment. Study 2 explored the underlying mechanism using a process-dissociation approach, examining whether deontological inclinations and utilitarian inclinations separately or jointly accounted for the association...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234291/the-role-of-baseline-vagal-tone-in-dealing-with-a-stressor-during-face-to-face-and-computer-based-social-interactions
#18
Daniele Rigoni, Francesca Morganti, Paride Braibanti
Facing a stressor involves a cardiac vagal tone response and a feedback effect produced by social interaction in visceral regulation. This study evaluated the contribution of baseline vagal tone and of social engagement system (SES) functioning on the ability to deal with a stressor. Participants (n = 70) were grouped into a minimized social interaction condition (procedure administered through a PC) and a social interaction condition (procedure administered by an experimenter). The State Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale, the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and a debriefing questionnaire were completed by the subjects...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232577/attachment-and-motivational-systems-relevance-of-sensitivity-to-punishment-for-eating-disorder-psychopathology
#19
Alessio Maria Monteleone, Valentina Cardi, Umberto Volpe, Giovanna Fico, Valeria Ruzzi, Francesca Pellegrino, Giovanni Castellini, Palmiero Monteleone, Mario Maj
An altered balance of reward and inhibition systems may explain Eating Disorder (ED) behaviors and could be related to difficulties in socio-emotional processing. According to attachment theory, early interaction with caregivers affects the ability to regulate emotion in adult interpersonal situation. The aim of our study was to investigate if insecure attachment may be related to ED symptomatology through changes in reward and inhibition systems. Seventy-eight people affected by EDs and 45 healthy controls (HC) filled in the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ), the Behavioral Inhibition System-Behavioral Activation System Scale (BIS-BAS) and the Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2) questionnaire...
December 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231597/-clinical-experience-of-acupuncture-and-moxibustion-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-persistent-somatoform-pain-disorder
#20
Jing Sun, Yi Liang, Chao Wang, Xiaomei Shao, Jianqiao Fang
The clinical manifestation and clinical diagnosis and treatment of acupuncture for persistent somatoform pain disorder (PSPD) were observed to explore its etiology. It is found that the causative factor of PSPD is probably relevant with pain memory induced by the negative emotions during the first attack of pain, which is in the category of "depression" in TCM. In clinical diagnosis, the medical history should be explored to discover the potential etiology and determine the diagnosis. In treatment, the root cause should be considered, focusing on mind and qi regulation and associating with analgesia...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
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