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Emotional regulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656269/task-positive-and-task-negative-networks-in-major-depressive-disorder-a-combined-fmri-and-eeg-study
#1
Gennady G Knyazev, Alexander N Savostyanov, Andrey V Bocharov, Ivan V Brak, Evgeny A Osipov, Elena A Filimonova, Alexander E Saprigyn, Lyubomir I Aftanas
BACKGROUND: The study of intrinsic connectivity networks, i.e., sets of brain regions that show a high degree of interconnectedness even in the absence of a task, showed that major depressive disorder (MDD) patients demonstrate an increased connectivity within the default mode network (DMN), which is active in a resting state and is implicated in self-referential processing, and a decreased connectivity in task-positive networks (TPNs), which increase their activity in attention tasks...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656266/cortical-and-subcortical-changes-in-patients-with-premenstrual-syndrome
#2
Peng Liu, Ying Wei, Yingying Fan, Hai Liao, Geliang Wang, Ru Li, Gaoxiong Duan, Demao Deng, Wei Qin
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is characterized by a series of emotional, physical and behavioral symptoms. Although PMS is related to dysfunctions of the central nervous system, the neuropathological mechanism of PMS still has not been clearly established. The aim of this study is to evaluate potential differences in both cortical thickness and subcortical volumes in PMS patients compared to healthy controls (HCs). METHODS: Twenty PMS patients and twenty HCs underwent a structural magnetic resonance imaging scan and clinical assessment...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651920/systemic-factors-associated-with-prosocial-skills-and-maladaptive-functioning-in-youth-exposed-to-intimate-partner-violence
#3
Kathryn H Howell, Idia B Thurston, Amanda J Hasselle, Kristina Decker, Lacy E Jamison
Children are frequently present in homes in which intimate partner violence (IPV) occurs. Following exposure to IPV, children may develop behavioral health difficulties, struggle with regulating emotions, or exhibit aggression. Despite the negative outcomes associated with witnessing IPV, many children also display resilience. Guided by Bronfenbrenner's bioecological model, this study examined person-level, process-level (microsystem), and context-level (mesosystem) factors associated with positive and negative functioning among youth exposed to IPV...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651267/assessment-of-affect-lability-psychometric-properties-of-the-als-18
#4
Anna Contardi, Claudio Imperatori, Italia Amati, Michela Balsamo, Marco Innamorati
Affect lability, an important aspect of emotion dysregulation, characterizes several psychiatric conditions. The short Affective Lability Scales (ALS-18) measures three aspects of changeability between euthymia and affect states (Anxiety/Depression, AD; Depression/Elation, DE; and Anger, Ang). The aim of our study was to investigate the psychometric characteristics of an Italian version of the ALS-18 in a sample of adults recruited from the general population. The sample was composed of 494 adults (343 women and 151 men) aged 18 and higher (mean age = 31...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651261/defining-the-construct-of-synthetic-androgen-intoxication-an-application-of-general-brain-arousal
#5
Tom Hildebrandt, Ashley Heywood, Daniel Wesley, Kurt Schulz
Synthetic androgens (i. e., anabolic-androgenic steroids) are the primary component to the majority of problematic appearance and performance enhancing drug (APED) use. Despite evidence that these substances are associated with increased risk for aggression, violence, body image disturbances, and polypharmacy and can develop a pattern of chronic use consistent with drug dependence, there are no formal definitions of androgen intoxication. Consequently, the purpose of this paper is to establish a testable theory of androgen intoxication...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651257/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-substance-and-behavioral-addictions-a-systematic-review
#6
Marta Sancho, Marta De Gracia, Rita C Rodríguez, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Jéssica Sánchez-González, Joan Trujols, Isabel Sánchez, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Jose M Menchón
Background: Emotion (dys)regulation as well as the interventions for improving these difficulties are receiving a growing attention in the literature. The aim of the present paper was to conduct a systematic review about the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in both substance and behavioral addictions (BAs). Method: A literature search was conducted using Cochrane, PubMed, and Web of Science. Fifty-four randomized controlled trials published in English since 2009 to April 2017 were included into a narrative synthesis...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651256/brain-structural-covariance-network-topology-in-remitted-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#7
Delin Sun, Sarah L Davis, Courtney C Haswell, Chelsea A Swanson, Kevin S LaBar, John A Fairbank, Rajendra A Morey
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a prevalent, chronic disorder with high psychiatric morbidity; however, a substantial portion of affected individuals experience remission after onset. Alterations in brain network topology derived from cortical thickness correlations are associated with PTSD, but the effects of remitted symptoms on network topology remain essentially unexplored. In this cross-sectional study, US military veterans ( N  = 317) were partitioned into three diagnostic groups, current PTSD (CURR-PTSD, N  = 101), remitted PTSD with lifetime but no current PTSD (REMIT-PTSD, N  = 35), and trauma-exposed controls (CONTROL, n  = 181)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648857/associations-of-patient-rated-emotional-bond-and-vocally-encoded-emotional-arousal-among-clinicians-and-acutely-suicidal-military-personnel
#8
Craig J Bryan, Brian R Baucom, Alex O Crenshaw, Zac Imel, David C Atkins, Tracy A Clemans, Bruce Leeson, T Scott Burch, Jim Mintz, M David Rudd
OBJECTIVE: To determine if synchrony in emotional arousal and affective regulation between patients and clinicians reflect emotional bonding during emergency behavioral health appointments. METHOD: Audio recordings of suicide risk assessment interviews and crisis intervention planning with 54 suicidal active duty soldiers presenting to an emergency department or behavioral health clinic were analyzed. Emotional arousal was assessed using mean fundamental frequency...
April 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629364/assessment-of-sensory-processing-and-executive-functions-in-childhood-development-reliability-and-validity-of-the-epyfei
#9
Dulce Romero-Ayuso, Sara Jorquera-Cabrera, Antonio Segura-Fragoso, Abel Toledano-González, M Carmen Rodríguez-Martínez, José Matías Triviño-Juárez
The aim of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the "Assessment of Sensory Processing and Executive Functions in Childhood" (EPYFEI), a questionnaire designed to assess the sensory processing and executive functions of children aged between 3 and 11 years. The EPYFEI was completed by a sample of 1,732 parents of children aged between 3 and 11 years who lived in Spain. An exploratory factor analysis was conducted and showed five main factors: (1) executive attention, working memory, and initiation of actions; (2) general sensory processing; (3) emotional and behavioral self-regulation; (4) supervision, correction of actions, and problem solving; and (5) inhibitory...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628542/examination-of-the-heterogeneity-in-ptsd-and-impulsivity-facets-a-latent-profile-analysis
#10
Ateka A Contractor, Stephanie Caldas, Nicole H Weiss, Cherie Armour
The experience of traumatizing events and resulting posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomology relates to a range of impulsive behaviors. While both PTSD and impulsivity are heterogeneous and multidimensional constructs, no research has used person-centered approaches to examine subgroups of individuals based on these response endorsements. Hence, our study examined PTSD-impulsivity typologies and their construct validity in two samples: university students ( n = 412) and community participants recruited through Amazon's MTurk ( n = 346)...
April 15, 2018: Personality and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628068/negative-autobiographical-memory-in-depression-reflects-elevated-amygdala-hippocampal-reactivity-and-hippocampally-associated-emotion-regulation
#11
Bruce P Doré, Odile Rodrik, Chelsea Boccagno, Alexa Hubbard, Jochen Weber, Barbara Stanley, Maria A Oquendo, Jeffrey M Miller, M Elizabeth Sublette, J John Mann, Kevin N Ochsner
BACKGROUND: Dysregulated autobiographical recall is observed in major depressive disorder (MDD). However, it is unknown whether people with MDD show abnormalities in memory-, emotion-, and control-related brain systems during reactivity to and regulation of negative autobiographical memories. METHODS: We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to identify neural mechanisms underlying MDD-related emotional responses to negative autobiographical memories and the ability to downregulate these responses using a cognitive regulatory strategy known as reappraisal...
April 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628065/modulating-emotion-perception-opposing-effects-of-inhibitory-and-excitatory-prefrontal-cortex-stimulation
#12
Swantje Notzon, Christian Steinberg, Peter Zwanzger, Markus Junghöfer
BACKGROUND: Excitatory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of adult patients with treatment-resistant major depressive disorder (MDD). This stimulation is supposed to restore excitability of prefrontal cortex regions that exhibit diminished regulation of emotion-generative systems in MDD. Based on the valence lateralization hypothesis, inhibitory rTMS of the right dlPFC has also been applied in MDD...
April 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627714/circulating-endocannabinoids-and-affect-regulation-in-human-subjects
#13
Emil F Coccaro, Matthew N Hill, Lauren Robinson, Royce J Lee
The endocannabinoid (EC) system influences a wide variety of neurobiological processes including affect and emotionality as well as other neuropsychiatric functions. In this study we examined the relationship of circulating endocannabinoids [anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG)] with affect and emotionality in 175 individuals with (n = 115) and without (n = 60) mood, anxiety, and/or personality disorders. Circulating AEA levels displayed a modest, though statistically significant, inverse relationship with a composite measure of affect regulation (β = - 0...
March 16, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627699/the-relationship-between-emotion-regulation-strategies-personality-traits-and-skin-picking-behaviours-in-a-non-clinical-sample-of-polish-adults
#14
Katarzyna Prochwicz, Joanna Kłosowska, Alina Kałużna-Wielobób
Although skin-picking is a relatively common behaviour, data concerning factors which underlie skin-picking severity and functional impairment caused by picking are still limited. In the present study we examined whether some emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) and personality features influence skin-picking in a university sample; the moderating role of personality traits in the relationship between emotion regulation strategies and skin-picking was also considered...
March 26, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627635/the-psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-the-metacognitions-about-smoking-questionnaire-among-smokers
#15
Mahmoud Najafi, Vahid Khosravani, Meysam Shahhosseini, Amirhossein Afshari
OBJECTIVES: It has been shown that smoking may be affected by metacognitions. This study aimed to evaluate the factor structure, reliability and validity of the Persian version of the Metacognitions about Smoking Questionnaire (MSQ) among a sample of Iranian male smokers. METHODS: When the English to Persian translation of the MSQ was performed, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were completed according to the four-factor solution of the original MSQ...
March 18, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627509/neuroimaging-findings-as-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-of-psychotherapy-in-anxiety-disorders
#16
REVIEW
Veruska Andrea Santos, Dessana David Carvalho, Michael Van Ameringen, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Rafael Christophe Freire
Anxiety disorders are the largest group of mental disorders and a leading cause of impairment, implicating in high costs for health systems and society. Effective pharmacological and psychological treatments are available, but a significant fraction of these patients does not respond adequately to these treatments. The objective of this study is to identify neuroimaging findings that could predict response to psychotherapy in anxiety disorders. METHODS: The authors reviewed psychotherapy clinical trials with neuroimaging conducted with patients with anxiety disorders...
April 5, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627273/neural-functional-correlates-of-the-impact-of-socio-emotional-stimuli-on-performances-on-a-flanker-task-in-children-aged-9-11-years
#17
Morgane Réveillon, François Lazeyras, Laurens Van Calster, Yann Cojan, David Sander, Petra S Hüppi, Koviljka Barrisnikov
Immature cognition is susceptible to interference from competing information, and particularly in affectively charged situations. Several studies have reported activation in the anterior cingulate cortex, prefrontal cortex and amygdala associated with emotional conflict processing in adults but literature is lacking regarding children. Moreover, studies in children and adolescents still disagree regarding the functional activation of amygdala related to facial stimuli. In the purpose of investigating both the effect of socio-emotional stimuli and its interaction with interference control, we designed a flanker task associated with an event-related fMRI paradigm in 30 healthy children ages 9-11...
April 5, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626565/antidepressant-like-actions-by-silencing-of-neuronal-elav-like-rna-binding-proteins-hub-and-huc-in-a-model-of-depression-in-male-mice
#18
Maria Domenica Sanna, Alessandro Quattrone, Nicoletta Galeotti
Currently available antidepressant drugs often fail to achieve full remission and patients might evolve to treatment resistance, showing the need to achieve a better therapy of depressive disorders. Increasing evidence supports that post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression is important in neuronal development and survival and a relevant role is played by RNA binding proteins (RBP). To explore new therapeutic strategies, we investigated the role of the neuron-specific ELAV-like RBP (HuB, HuC, HuD) in a mouse model of depression...
April 4, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625378/impulsivity-profiles-in-pathological-slot-machine-gamblers
#19
Núria Aragay, Maite Barrios, Isabel Ramirez-Gendrau, Anna Garcia-Caballero, Gemma Garrido, Irene Ramos-Grille, Yésika Galindo, Jonatan Martin-Dombrowski, Vicenç Vallès
INTRODUCTION: In gambling disorder (GD), impulsivity has been related with severity, treatment outcome and a greater dropout rate. The aim of the study is to obtain an empirical classification of GD patients based on their impulsivity and compare the resulting groups in terms of sociodemographic, clinical and gambling behavior variables. METHODS: 126 patients with slot machine GD attending the Pathological Gambling Unit between 2013 and 2016 were included. The UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale was used to assess impulsivity, and the severity of past-year gambling behavior was established with the Screen for Gambling problems questionnaire (NODS)...
March 21, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625262/difficulties-regulating-positive-emotions-and-alcohol-and-drug-misuse-a-path-analysis
#20
Nicole H Weiss, Shannon R Forkus, Ateka A Contractor, Melissa R Schick
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol and drugs are widely used among college students. Emotion dysregulation has been identified as a key mechanism in the etiology, maintenance, and treatment of alcohol and drug misuse. Yet, research in this area has been limited by its narrow focus on dysregulation stemming from negative emotions. The goal of the current study was to extend past research by examining the relation of difficulties regulating positive emotions to alcohol and drug misuse. METHODS: Participants were 311 college students (Mage  = 19...
March 27, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
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