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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141123/improving-mental-health-training-for-primary-care-residents-a-resident-led-educational-intervention
#1
Peter J Ureste, Tammy L Duong, Andreea L Seritan, Ana-Maria Iosif, Donald M Hilty
Objective: Psychiatric training in family medicine residency programs is necessary but not always sufficient. A brief educational intervention was designed to help improve family medicine residents' knowledge, comfort, and attitudes in delivering mental health care. Methods: A 6-hour didactic curriculum was taught by 2 psychiatry residents to family medicine residents between February and April 2015. Preintervention and postintervention surveys assessed participant demographics, knowledge, comfort levels, and attitudes regarding treating patients with psychiatric illness...
November 2, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141046/the-effect-of-observing-novice-and-expert-performance-on-acquisition-of-surgical-skills-on-a-robotic-platform
#2
David J Harris, Samuel J Vine, Mark R Wilson, John S McGrath, Marie-Eve LeBel, Gavin Buckingham
BACKGROUND: Observational learning plays an important role in surgical skills training, following the traditional model of learning from expertise. Recent findings have, however, highlighted the benefit of observing not only expert performance but also error-strewn performance. The aim of this study was to determine which model (novice vs. expert) would lead to the greatest benefits when learning robotically assisted surgical skills. METHODS: 120 medical students with no prior experience of robotically-assisted surgery completed a ring-carrying training task on three occasions; baseline, post-intervention and at one-week follow-up...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140919/collaboration-and-teamwork-in-the-health-professions-rethinking-the-role-of-conflict
#3
Quentin Eichbaum
Whereas the business professions have long recognized that conflict can be a source of learning and innovation, the health professions still tend to view conflict negatively as being disruptive, inefficient, and unprofessional. As a consequence, the health professions tend to avoid conflict or resolve it quickly. This neglect to appreciate conflict's positive attributes appears to be driven in part by (1) individuals' fears about being negatively perceived and the potential negative consequences in an organization of being implicated in conflict, (2) constrained views and approaches to professionalism and to evaluation and assessment, and (3) lingering autocracies and hierarchies of power that view conflict as a disruptive threat...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140918/integrating-social-determinants-of-health-into-graduate-medical-education-a-call-for-action
#4
Jennifer Siegel, David L Coleman, Thea James
Social determinants of health (SDH) are the major drivers of health and disparate health outcomes across communities and populations. Given this, the authors assert that competency in recognizing and mitigating SDH should become a vital component of graduate medical education in all specialties. While the most effective approaches to educating trainees about SDH are uncertain, in this Invited Commentary, the authors offer several key principles for implementing curricula focusing on SDH. These include universalization of the material, integration into clinical education, identification of space for trainee introspection, clarification of specific competencies in identification and mitigation of SDH, and creation of robust faculty development programming...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140917/medical-trainees-experiences-of-treating-people-with-chronic-pain-a-lost-opportunity-for-medical-education
#5
Kathleen Rice, Jae Eun Ryu, Cynthia Whitehead, Joel Katz, Fiona Webster
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that physicians' opinions about chronic pain patients become progressively negative over the course of medical training, leading to a decline in empathy for these patients. Few qualitative studies have focused on this issue and thus the experiences shaping this process remain unexplored. This study addressed how medical trainees learn about chronic pain management through informal and formal curricula. METHOD: This study adopted a descriptive qualitative interview-based approach informed by the theoretical lens of the hidden curriculum...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139176/costs-of-an-ostomy-self-management-training-program-for-cancer-survivors
#6
Mark C Hornbrook, Martha D Cobb, Nancy J Tallman, Janice Colwell, Ruth McCorkle, Elizabeth Ercolano, Marcia Grant, Virginia Sun, Christopher S Wendel, Judith H Hibbard, Robert S Krouse
OBJECTIVE: To measure incremental expenses to an oncologic surgical practice for delivering a community-based, ostomy nurse-led, small-group, behavior skills-training intervention to help bladder and colorectal cancer survivors understand and adjust to their ostomies and improve their health-related quality of life, as well as assist family caregivers to understand survivors' needs and provide appropriate supportive care. METHODS: The intervention was a five-session group behavior skills training in ostomy self-management following the principles of the Chronic Care Model...
November 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138614/development-of-a-health-care-systems-curriculum
#7
Zachary Pruitt, Rahul Mhaskar, Bryan G Kane, Robert D Barraco, Deborah J DeWaay, Alex M Rosenau, Kristin A Bresnan, Marna Rayl Greenberg
Background: There is currently no gold standard for delivery of systems-based practice in medical education, and it is challenging to incorporate into medical education. Health systems competence requires physicians to understand patient care within the broader health care system and is vital to improving the quality of care clinicians provide. We describe a health systems curriculum that utilizes problem-based learning across 4 years of systems-based practice medical education at a single institution...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138613/medical-student-involvement-in-health-policy-roles
#8
Bassit Malik, Utkarsh Ojha, Hassan Khan, Farzana Begum, Harun Khan, Qasim Malik
Objectives: A teaching curriculum in health policy may be well established in medical school; however, an emphasis on applying taught principles via participation in health policy roles is less defined. We undertook a study to explore medical student participation in health policy roles. Design and setting: An anonymous online survey via convenience sampling was conducted in the UK. Participants: A total of 112 students from six medical schools participated in the study...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138611/volunteer-patients-and-small-groups-contribute-to-abdominal-examination-s-success
#9
Helen M Shields, Nielsen Q Fernandez-Becker, Sarah N Flier, Byron P Vaughn, Melissa H Tukey, Stephen R Pelletier, Douglas A Horst
Background: Prior to 2007, we taught the abdominal examination in a hospital based group to 40 students, at one hospital. We used volunteer patients, small groups, repetition, and required faculty development sessions. In 2007, our medical school changed its "Introduction to Physical Examination" session so that the entire class was to be taught in a geographically central session. Our hospital was selected to lead the abdominal examination portion of the session. Aim: Our aim was to answer three questions...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136489/like-peas-and-carrots-combining-wellness-policy-implementation-with-classroom-education-for-obesity-prevention-in-the-childcare-setting
#10
Caree J Cotwright, Diane W Bales, Jung Sun Lee, Kathryn Parrott, Nathalie Celestin, Babatunde Olubajo
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated an intervention combining policy training and technical assistance for childcare teachers with a nutrition education curriculum to improve (1) the knowledge and self-efficacy of childcare teachers in implementing obesity prevention policies and practices, (2) the quantity and quality of nutrition and physical activity education, and (3) the childcare wellness environment. METHODS: Thirteen teachers and 8 administrators (2 of whom were also teachers) from 8 childcare programs in Clarke County, Georgia, participated in the Healthy Child Care Georgia intervention during June-October 2015...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136487/the-healthy-fitness-zone-continuum-score-as-a-measure-of-change-in-body-mass-index-of-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-georgia-2012-2014
#11
Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Gregory J Welk, Yang Bai
OBJECTIVES: The FitnessGram Healthy Fitness Zone continuum (HFZc) score reflects the relative difference of a person's body mass index (BMI) from the established FitnessGram standard. As such, it may provide added utility for public health programming and research on obesity among school-aged children and adolescents. We used the standard BMI Z (BMIz) score and the alternative HFZc score to describe changes in BMI of school-aged children and adolescents in Georgia over time. METHODS: We compiled 2012-2014 BMI data from the Georgia FitnessGram database...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135854/an-academic-practice-partnership-model-to-grow-and-sustain-advanced-practice-nursing
#12
Tracy E Williams, Patricia B Howard
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this article were to describe the implementation of an academic-practice partnership for healthcare system workforce development and provide preliminary outcomes of the associated pilot study. BACKGROUND: The demand for cross-continuum healthcare delivery models necessitates creation of workforce development structures for advanced practice nursing. METHODS: An academic-practice partnership specified enrollment of 5 cohorts of BSN staff nurses in a 3-year DNP program...
December 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135750/student-and-educator-experiences-of-maternal-child-simulation-based-learning-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#13
Karen MacKinnon, Lenora Marcellus, Julie Rivers, Carol Gordon, Maureen Ryan, Diane Butcher
BACKGROUND: Although maternal-child care is a pillar of primary health care, there is a global shortage of maternal-child health care providers. Nurse educators experience difficulties providing undergraduate students with maternal-child learning experiences for a number of reasons. Simulation has the potential to complement learning in clinical and classroom settings. Although systematic reviews of simulation are available, no systematic reviews of qualitative evidence related to maternal-child simulation-based learning (SBL) for undergraduate nursing students and/or educators have been located...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135430/impact-of-a-fieldwork-experience-on-attitudes-toward-people-with-intellectual-disabilities
#14
Allison Sullivan, Rochelle Mendonca
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the effects of curriculum activities on changing attitudes of health professional students toward people with intellectual disabilities (IDs). METHOD: A nonrandomized, pretest-posttest design was used. Participants were college students assigned to one of three groups: two groups of students from different years in the occupational therapy program and one group of public health students. Each group completed the Attitudes Toward Intellectual Disabilities Questionnaire before and after each intervention...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135425/internationalization-in-an-occupational-therapy-curriculum-a-philippine-american-pilot-collaboration
#15
Maria Concepcion C Cabatan, Lenin C Grajo
OBJECTIVE: This study is a pilot implementation of an Internationalization at Home (IaH) teaching and learning collaboration to enhance intercultural learning and understanding of concepts of occupation in two cohorts of occupational science and occupational therapy students from the Philippines and the United States. METHOD: In this collective case study, 149 students (Cohort 1, n = 65; Cohort 2, n = 84) participated. The collaboration included virtual conversations among students, faculty presentations, reflective assignments, and completion of an anonymous online survey...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134479/take-flight-the-evolution-of-an-orton-gillingham-based-curriculum
#16
Jeremiah J Ring, Karen J Avrit, Jeffrey L Black
Thirty years ago in this journal, Aylett Royall Cox reported on the development of Alphabetic Phonics, a revision of the existing Orton Gillingham treatment for children with dyslexia. This paper continues that discussion and reports on the evolution of that curriculum as it is represented in a comprehensive dyslexia treatment program informed by intervention research. The paper describes the curriculum and reports data from a hospital-based learning disabilities clinic that provides qualified support for treatment efficacy and the value of added comprehension instruction...
November 13, 2017: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131460/pilot-study-on-the-effectiveness-and-students-attitude-towards-undergraduate-training-provided-by-industry
#17
M Karl, M Franz, T Grobecker-Karl, M Scheib
INTRODUCTION: Rapid developments in CAD/CAM technology necessitate the adaptation of curriculum content. Limited resources hinder institutions in holding state of the art equipment available for student training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A workshop given by an industry partner was organised as part of the final pre-clinical course in prosthodontics for the academic years 2015 and 2016. The workshop on dental ceramics and CAD/CAM technology comprised of lectures and practical demonstrations...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130347/editorial-comment-on-end-2017-0641-ra-r1
#18
Joel Gustavo Gómez-Núñez
The manuscript by Matlaga et al titled "Ureteroscopic Laser Lithotripsy: A Review of Dusting Versus Fragmentation With Extraction" was first intended for a meta-analysis publication, but because limited data published, it became an interesting review article focused in the current debate about which of the so described laser urinary lithotripsy "Fragmentation with Extraction" and "Dusting" techniques is better. Authors do an effort to homologize terminology and nomenclature and list the most efficient energy settings used in clinical scenario on the "Fragmentation with Extraction" [(Frequency 12-15 Hz (< 30 watt laser) >50Hz (100/120 watt laser) / Energy 0...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129984/intercultural-competency-development-of-health-professions-students-during-study-abroad-in-india
#19
Claire A Richards, Ardith Z Doorenbos
Objective: Short-term international health-related study abroad seminars for health-professions students are increasingly popular because of a focus in higher education on global awareness and intercultural competency. This study describes a study abroad strategy to teach students intercultural communication skills and knowledge, and evaluated the effectiveness of a 3-week health-related study abroad program and intercultural competency curriculum in increasing skills and knowledge of health-profession students...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129307/changes-in-asthma-self-management-knowledge-in-inner-city-adolescents-following-developmentally-sensitive-self-management-training
#20
Jennifer R Mammen, Hyekyun Rhee, Shannska Atis, Annette Grape
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy of a developmentally sensitive curriculum for improving asthma self-management knowledge, attitude, and self-efficacy in adolescents. METHODS: Fourty-two inner-city adolescents (ages 16-20) participated in a 12hour asthma self-management training program. Self-management knowledge, attitude toward asthma, and asthma-related self-efficacy were measured using short-answer tests before and after training. T-Tests were used to evaluate impact and effect sizes were calculated...
November 9, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
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