keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hair

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934520/damage-of-inner-ear-sensory-hair-cells-via-mitochondrial-loss-in-a-murine-model-of-sleep-apnea-with-chronic-intermittent-hypoxia
#1
Young Joon Seo, Hyun Mi Ju, Sun Hee Lee, Sang Hyun Kwak, Min Jung Kang, Joo-Heon Yoon, Chang-Hoon Kim, Hyung-Ju Cho
Study Objectives: Investigating the exact pathophysiology of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS)-induced hearing loss is critical. We sought to verify the hypothesis that a correlation exists between mitochondrial dysfunction in inner ear hair cells and the auditory dysfunction induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) in a murine model of sleep apnea. Methods: C57BL/6J adult male mice were randomized to 4 weeks of CIH (n = 12) or normoxia (Sham) (n = 12)...
September 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934172/topical-nano-and-microemulsions-for-skin-delivery
#2
REVIEW
Christofori M R R Nastiti, Thellie Ponto, Eman Abd, Jeffrey E Grice, Heather A E Benson, Michael S Roberts
Nanosystems such as microemulsions (ME) and nanoemulsions (NE) offer considerable opportunities for targeted drug delivery to and via the skin. ME and NE are stable colloidal systems composed of oil and water, stabilised by a mixture of surfactants and cosurfactants, that have received particular interest as topical skin delivery systems. There is considerable scope to manipulate the formulation components and characteristics to achieve optimal bioavailability and minimal skin irritancy. This includes the incorporation of established chemical penetration enhancers to fluidize the stratum corneum lipid bilayers, thus reducing the primary skin barrier and increasing permeation...
September 21, 2017: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934107/cultivar-and-metal-specific-effects-of-endophytic-bacteria-in-helianthus-tuberosus-exposed-to-cd-and-zn
#3
Blanca Montalbán, Sofie Thijs, Mª Carmen Lobo, Nele Weyens, Marcel Ameloot, Jaco Vangronsveld, Araceli Pérez-Sanz
Plant growth promoting endophytic bacteria (PGPB) isolated from Brassica napus were inoculated in two cultivars of Helianthus tuberosus (VR and D19) growing on sand supplemented with 0.1 mM Cd or 1 mM Zn. Plant growth, concentrations of metals and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) reactive compounds were determined. Colonization of roots of H. tuberosus D19 by Pseudomonas sp. 262 was evaluated using confocal laser scanning microscopy. Pseudomonas sp. 228, Serratia sp. 246 and Pseudomonas sp. 262 significantly enhanced growth of H...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933697/enhanced-skin-regeneration-using-a-novel-amniotic-derived-tissue-graft
#4
Katie C Mowry, Paul P Bonvallet, Susan L Bellis
BACKGROUND: Chronic and recalcitrant wounds present a significant therapeutic challenge. Amniotic tissues contain many regenerative cytokines, growth factors, and extracellular matrix molecules including proteoglycans, hyaluronic acid, and collagens I, III, and IV. Dehydrated amnion/chorion grafts are currently used to treat a variety of wounds such as diabetic foot ulcers and burns. OBJECTIVE: The investigators hypothesized that processing methodologies, dehydration, and hypothermic processing and storage of amniotic tissues would affect overall quality of wound healing; they compared dehydrated amnion/chorion (dHACM) grafts to a novel hypothermically stored amniotic membrane (HSAM) graft in a full-thickness rat wound model...
September 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932937/foxn1-deficiency-from-the-discovery-to-novel-therapeutic-approaches
#5
REVIEW
Vera Gallo, Emilia Cirillo, Giuliana Giardino, Claudio Pignata
Since the discovery of FOXN1 deficiency, the human counterpart of the nude mouse, a growing body of evidence investigating the role of FOXN1 in thymus and skin, has been published. FOXN1 has emerged as fundamental for thymus development, function, and homeostasis, representing the master regulator of thymic epithelial and T cell development. In the skin, it also plays a pivotal role in keratinocytes and hair follicle cell differentiation, although the underlying molecular mechanisms still remain to be fully elucidated...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932754/hair-growth-in-two-alopecia-patients-after-fecal-microbiota-transplant
#6
Dionne Rebello, Elaina Wang, Eugene Yen, Peter A Lio, Colleen R Kelly
Clostridium difficile infections can be life-threatening but are increasingly being treated successfully with fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT). We report two patients with alopecia universalis who developed subsequent hair regrowth after FMT for treatment of recurrent C. difficile infections. Gut microbiota may have immunomodulatory effects in autoimmune conditions such as alopecia areata, and further study may elucidate disease mechanisms and lead to alternative treatment options for these patients for whom treatment options are currently limited...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932375/fever-of-unknown-origin-in-a-male-patient-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#7
Duminda Bandara Basnayake, Thamara Kannangara, Laknath Welagedara, Vindhya Bandara, Janitha Herath
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an inflammatory autoimmune disorder which is uncommon in men. It has a wide variety of clinical presentations. CASE REPORT: We report a 21-year-old male presented with one month history of fever, loss of appetite, weight loss and reduced hair growth with an examination revealing an oral ulcer, cervical and axillary lymphadenopathy simulating hematological malignancy. Investigations showed pancytopenia, positive anti-nuclear factor and double-stranded DNA, high erythrocyte sedimentation rate with normal C-reactive protein levels and hypocomplementemia...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932373/cohort-profile-update-the-amirkola-health-and-ageing-project-ahap
#8
Ali Bijani, Reza Ghadimi, Ebrahim Mikaniki, Farzan Kheirkhah, Seyyed Ali Mozaffarpur, Mina Motallebnejad, Haleh Esmaili, Fatemeh Majidi, Robert Graham Cumming, Seyed Reza Hosseini
The original cohort study of AHAP started in 2011 on 1616 elderly residents of Amirkola, northern part of Iran near the Caspian Sea. The main goal of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the health of the elderly in the region with the emphasis on chronic diseases such as osteoporosis. The first cohort profile was published in the International Journal of Epidemiology in 2014. The phase 1 AHAP showed the elevated level of some diseases and conditions including osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome, obesity, vision problems and relatively low levels of oral health...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932363/cadmium-toxicity-and-treatment-an-update
#9
REVIEW
Mehrdad Rafati Rahimzadeh, Mehravar Rafati Rahimzadeh, Sohrab Kazemi, Ali-Akbar Moghadamnia
Cadmium poisoning has been reported from many parts of the world. It is one of the global health problems that affect many organs and in some cases it can cause deaths annually. Long-term exposure to cadmium through air, water, soil, and food leads to cancer and organ system toxicity such as skeletal, urinary, reproductive, cardiovascular, central and peripheral nervous, and respiratory systems. Cadmium levels can be measured in the blood, urine, hair, nail and saliva samples. Patients with cadmium toxicity need gastrointestinal tract irrigation, supportive care, and chemical decontamination traditional-based chelation therapy with appropriate new chelating agents and nanoparticle-based antidotes...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932073/a-lagging-lock-hair-cycle-abnormalities-in-follicular-vitiligo
#10
Hima Gopinath, Kaliaperumal Karthikeyan, Meghana Valeti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932070/prevalent-practices-and-perceptions-in-hair-cleansing
#11
N Asifa, Mamatha S Kusagur, SugaReddy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932068/familial-cicatricial-alopecia-report-of-familial-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-and-fibrosing-alopecia-in-a-pattern-distribution
#12
Dandara Meurer Missio, Maria Fernanda Reis Gavazzoni Dias, Ralph Michel Trüeb
Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) and fibrosing alopecia in a pattern distribution (FAPD) as originally reported by Kossard in 1994 and by Zinkernagel and Trüeb in 2000, respectively, represent two distinct patterns of cicatricial pattern hair loss. Both share a patterned distribution and histological evidence of a lichenoid follicular inflammation with fibrosis. FFA is characterized by a marginal alopecia along the frontotemporal hairline, and FAPD by a progressive alopecia of the centroparietal scalp. Since the original reports, evidence has accumulated that there exists considerable clinical overlap among FFA, FAPD, and lichen planopilaris, with coexistence of features of the three conditions within the same individual...
July 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932067/extensive-donor-site-keloids-in-follicular-unit-extraction-hair-transplantation
#13
Shimona Garg, Anand Kumar, Ankita Tuknayat, Gurvinder Pal Thami
Hair transplantation, a generally regarded as a safe surgical modality for the treatment of androgenetic alopecia, is not without its potential risks and complications. A case of an extensive keloid formation at donor site following follicular unit extraction is discussed. Hair transplant surgeons should be aware of this significant potential complication, especially in patients having previous keloidal tendencies to avoid such disastrous outcomes.
July 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932066/plica-polonica-in-a-patient-on-chemotherapy-a-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#14
Savera Gupta, Ramesh Kumar, Anita Vijay, Suresh Kumar Jain
Plica polonica (plica neuropathica) is an uncommon entity characterized by irreversible twisting and matting of hair resulting in a hard impermeable mass of keratin. Although the exact mechanism is not fully understood, it has been attribute to longitudinal splitting or weathering of hair shaft due to vigorous friction and frequent use of harsh shampoos and harsh cleansers and/or due to keeping long hair with poor hair care or neglect, parasitic infection. We describe an unusual case of plica polonica occurring in a patient of lung adenocarcinoma on chemotherapy and review the literature...
July 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932065/blowing-bubbles-dermoscopy-of-bubble-hair
#15
Lauren N Albers, Alexander M Maley, Jamie B MacKelfresh
Exposing wet hair to high temperatures can create gas bubbles within the hair shaft, leading to brittle, dry hairs in a disorder known as bubble hair abnormality. We present a case of a 61-year-old woman who presented for hair breakage over her crown. She regularly dried her damp hair with a blow dryer. Dermoscopy revealed multiple bubbles within the hair shaft, and diagnosis of bubble hair abnormality was confirmed by light microscopy. Our unusual case highlights the ease of acquisition of this abnormality by means of a common hair dryer, and the utility of dermoscopy to make a fast and accurate diagnosis within the office...
July 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932063/-castor-oil-the-culprit-of-acute-hair-felting
#16
V Ramya Maduri, Ahalya Vedachalam, S Kiruthika
Acute hair felting is a rare disorder of scalp hair. In this condition, the hair becomes twisted, entangled as a hard stony mass resembling a bird's nest. Sudden hair matting has been reported earlier in the literature after vigorous use of chemical and herbal shampoos. Plica polonica is a patchy area of hair matting occurring in due course of time in neglected hair or underlying psychiatric illness. This case is interesting as the whole scalp hair matted immediately after using coconut oil and castor oil following washing...
July 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932061/epidermal-cysts-a-clinicopathological-analysis-with-emphasis-on-unusual-findings
#17
Jitendra Singh Nigam, Jyotsna Naresh Bharti, Vivek Nair, Chitrawati Bal Gargade, Archana Hemant Deshpande, Biswajit Dey, Ashok Singh
BACKGROUND: Epidermoid cysts, one of the common benign intradermal or subcutaneous tumors commonly result from the trauma to the pilosebaceous unit in the hair bearing area. In areas without hair, these cysts are considered implantation and proliferation of squamous epithelium into the dermis due to injury. AIMS: The aim is to evaluate the clinicopathological details with emphasis on unusual findings related to epidermoid cysts. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study carried out over 2 years...
July 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932060/synophrys-epidemiological-study
#18
Pramod Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Fusion of eyebrows above the bridge of nose is known as synophrys and is a normal variation. This variation is also recognized as a clinical feature of several genetic disorders, Cornelia De Lange syndrome being the commonest. Several studies, on aesthetics of face and eyebrows have been conducted, also on the role of eyebrows in emotional expression and nonverbal communication. A recent study has pointed a gene associated with synophrys. Surprisingly, however synophrys and its prevalence in the normal population is not known thus we conducted a study of its prevalence in Oman...
July 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932059/prevalence-of-nutritional-deficiencies-in-hair-loss-among-indian-participants-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Dinesh Gowda, V Premalatha, D B Imtiyaz
BACKGROUND: Nutritional deficiencies are known to be associated with hair loss; however, the exact prevalence is not known. AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of nutritional deficiencies in participants with hair loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 100 enrolled participants were divided into telogen effluvium (TE), male-pattern hair loss (MPHL), and female-pattern hair loss (FPHL) based on the type of hair loss...
July 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932058/classification-of-male-pattern-hair-loss
#20
REVIEW
Christopher Toshihiro Wirya, Wenyu Wu, Kejia Wu
Male-pattern hair loss (MPHL) is a condition that affects the majority of men during adulthood. This condition is not life threatening but needs constant treatment and monitoring, especially in recent years where male appearance is gaining significant importance in society. An ideal classification with high amount of detail, practicality, and reproducibility is required to accurately diagnose and monitor this condition regularly and to assess the outcome of treatment. Numerous classifications have been invented, but many variants with different levels of detail, practicality, and reproducibility may cause confusion among clinicians...
July 2017: International Journal of Trichology
keyword
keyword
13690
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"