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Quality of life cancer

Douglas P Beall, M R Chambers, Sam Thomas, John Amburgy, James R Webb, Bradly S Goodman, Devin K Datta, Richard W Easton, Douglas Linville, Sanjay Talati, John B Tillman
BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic and neoplastic vertebral compression fractures (VCF) are common and painful, threatening quality of life and increasing risk of morbidity and mortality. Balloon kyphoplasty is a percutaneous option for treating painful cancer- and osteoporosis-related VCFs, supported by 2 randomized trials demonstrating efficacy benefits of BKP over nonsurgical care. OBJECTIVE: To investigate 12-mo disability, quality of life, and safety outcomes specifically in a Medicare-eligible population, representing characteristic patients seen in routine clinical practice...
March 14, 2018: Neurosurgery
Velda J Gonzalez, Susan McMillan, Elsa Pedro, Maribel Tirado-Gomez, Leorey N Saligan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the health related quality of life (HRQOL) experienced by 79 Puerto Rican adults during cancer treatments. METHODS: This study used a descriptive, cross-sectional design. Participants completed a demographics form and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General QOL questionnaire (FACT-G). Descriptive statistics were generated. RESULTS: Participants were ages 28-78; most of the participants had breast (38.0%), prostate (14...
2018: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
Adrienne Schleisman, Elaine Mahon
Pediatric patients undergoing treatment for oncology diagnoses are likely to experience stress, anxiety, and social isolation. One role of a pediatric oncology nurse is to incorporate play into daily hospital routines. By using medical and normative play, nurses can decrease distress and promote normal growth and development. However, the use of play is not limited to pediatric patients. Oncology nurses who work with adults can incorporate similar strategies within their patient populations to reduce anxiety and stress and to improve quality of life...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Babita Saigal, Laura Guerra
BACKGROUND: A common class-specific toxicity of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors is stomatitis. Some patients experience a severe form of mTOR inhibitor-associated stomatitis (mIAS) that can have a negative effect on nutritional status, compromise quality of life, and potentially lead to nonadherence, reducing the efficacy of cancer therapy. OBJECTIVES: This article aims to address an unmet need for education about mIAS among oncology nurses and patients and to share findings about everolimus-related stomatitis from the SWISH trial...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Brandi R Newsome, Karen McDonnell, Jennifer Hucks, Robin Dawson Estrada
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the most common smoking-related illness. COPD often is underemphasized as a comorbidity except when considering issues surrounding surgical treatment options. OBJECTIVES: This article aims to provide nurses with an overview of the pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment implications of COPD. METHODS: Definitions, differentials, and treatment considerations are provided, and clinical implications and resources are described...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
J Russell Hoverman, Marcus A Neubauer, Melissa Jameson, Jad E Hayes, Kathryn J Eagye, Mitra Abdullahpour, Wendy J Haydon, Maria Sipala, Amy Supraner, Michael A Kolodziej, Diana K Verrilli
PURPOSE: Reform of cancer care delivery seeks to control costs while improving quality. Texas Oncology collaborated with Aetna to conduct a payer-sponsored program that used evidence-based treatment pathways, a disease management call center, and an introduction to advance care planning to improve patient care and reduce total costs. METHODS: From June 1, 2013, to May 31, 2016, 746 Medicare Advantage patients with nine common cancer diagnoses were enrolled. Patients electing for patient support services were telephoned by oncology nurses who assessed symptoms and quality of life and introduced advance care planning...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
X Serra-Aracil, A Zárate, L Mora, S Serra-Pla, A Pallisera, J Bonfill, J Bargalló, A Pando, S Delgado, E Balleteros, C Pericay
PURPOSE: Compared with the open approach, laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) achieves faster patient recovery, reduces morbidity rates, and shortens hospital stay. However, in laparoscopic low anterior resection (L-LAR), conversion to open surgery is required in almost 20% of cases. Transanal TME (Ta-TME) combined with laparoscopy, also called hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), is a less invasive procedure that can overcome some of the limitations of laparoscopic rectal surgery...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Elisavet Moschopoulou, Iain Hutchison, Kamaldeep Bhui, Ania Korszun
PURPOSE: Head and neck cancer (HNC) diagnosis and treatment are distressing and have immediate detrimental impacts on functioning and quality of life (QoL). Nevertheless, little is known about long-term psychosocial effects. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of clinical post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and subclinical post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) in HNC patients surviving more than 2 years since treatment and in their partners. METHODS: HNC survivors identified from the cancer registry of a London hospital and their partners completed measures of PTSS, depression and anxiety, fear of cancer recurrence, social support, appearance concerns and health-related QoL...
March 15, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Shu-Ching Chen, Bing-Shen Huang, Chia-Yin Chung, Chien-Yu Lin, Kang-Hsing Fan, Joseph Tung-Chien Chang, Shu-Chen Wu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a swallowing exercise education program (SEEP) on swallowing ability, depression, and dysphagia-specific health-related quality of life (QOL) in oral cavity cancer (OCC) patients. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized controlled study with two groups using a pre- and post-repeated measures design. A total of 76 participants were randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 38) and a control group (n = 38)...
March 15, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Gary R Zirpoli, Susan E McCann, Lara E Sucheston-Campbell, Dawn L Hershman, Gregory Ciupak, Warren Davis, Joseph M Unger, Halle C F Moore, James A Stewart, Claudine Isaacs, Timothy J Hobday, Muhammad Salim, Gabriel N Hortobagyi, Julie R Gralow, G Thomas Budd, Kathy S Albain, Christine B Ambrosone
Background: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) can interfere with daily function and quality of life, and there are no known preventive approaches. In a cohort of breast cancer patients receiving paclitaxel as part of a clinical trial (SWOG 0221), we examined the use of dietary supplements both before diagnosis and during treatment in relation to CIPN. Methods: At registration to S0221, 1225 breast cancer patients completed questionnaires regarding the use of multivitamins and supplements before and at diagnosis...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Aeris Jane D Nacion, Youn Young Park, Nam Kyu Kim
Advancements in rectal cancer treatment have resulted in improvement only in locoregional control and have failed to address distant relapse, which is the predominant mode of treatment failure in rectal cancer. As the efficacy of conventional chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by total mesorectal excision (TME) reaches a plateau, the need for alternative strategies in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) has grown in relevance. Several novel strategies have been conceptualized to address this issue, including: 1) neoadjuvant induction and consolidation chemotherapy before CRT; 2) neoadjuvant chemotherapy alone to avoid the sequelae of radiation; and 3) nonoperative management for patients who achieved pathological or clinical complete response after CRT...
February 2018: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
C Bascoul-Mollevi, Marion Savina, Amélie Anota, Antoine Barbieri, David Azria, Franck Bonnetain, Sophie Gourgou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has become one relevant and available alternative endpoint of clinical trials in cancer research to evaluate efficiency of care both for the patient and health system. HRQoL in oncology is mainly assessed using the 30-item European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life-Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30). The EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire is usually assessed at different times along the clinical trials in order to analyze the kinetics of HRQoL evolution and to fully assess the impact of the treatment on the patient's HRQoL level...
May 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Amy Mulick, Jane Walker, Stephen Puntis, Katy Burke, Stefan Symeonides, Charlie Gourley, Marta Wanat, Chris Frost, Michael Sharpe
BACKGROUND: Comorbid major depression has been associated with worse survival in patients with cancer. However, we do not know if treating depression improves survival. In the SMaRT Oncology-2 (good prognosis cancers) and SMaRT Oncology-3 (lung cancer, a poor prognosis cancer) trials, we found that a depression treatment programme, Depression Care for People with Cancer (DCPC), was effective in reducing comorbid major depression. In this analysis, we aimed to identify whether DCPC also had an effect on survival...
March 12, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
Marianne Lorcet, Alain Lortholary, Jean Emmanuel Kurtz, Dominique Berton-Rigaud, Michel Fabbro, Thibault De La Motte Rouge, Marie Christine Kaminsky-Forrett, Anne Floquet, Gilles Freyer, Pierre Combe, Nadine Dohollou, Elsa Kalbacher, Raymond Despax, Remy Largillier, Anne Claire Hardy Bessard, Nicolas Gane, Jalid Sehouli, Guelten Oskay-Oezcelik, Idlir Licaj, Isabelle Ray-Coquard, Florence Joly Lobbedez
BACKGROUND: Expression IV survey evaluated the patients' expectations to a maintenance therapy. METHODS: From January 2015 to March 2016, 401 French patients, in first line or recurrent disease, answered a 24-items anonymous questionnaire. The results were specifically analyzed according to the demographic characteristics and treatment lines. RESULTS: Among the patients, 62% had already been informed about maintenance therapy. Thirty-seven percent of patients received a maintenance treatment: 111 patients during first line and 39 patients in relapse...
March 12, 2018: Bulletin du Cancer
Dania Javaid, Rubina Hanif, Tasnim Rehna
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of intrusive and deliberate rumination on the quality of life of cancer patients. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional design. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: PIMS and NORI Hospital between July to September 2016. METHODOLOGY: A sample of 100 cancer patients participated in the study. The patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria were given a written consent form. Event related Rumination Inventory and WHO Quality of Life-Bref scale was used for data collection...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Loai Albarqouni, Khamis Elessi, Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh
BACKGROUND: Research conducted on conditions responsible for the greatest disease burden should be given the highest priority, particularly in resource-limited settings. The present study aimed to assess the research output in relation to disease burden in Palestine and to identify the conditions which are under- or over-investigated, if any. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Scopus for reports of original research relevant to human health or healthcare authored by researchers affiliated with Palestinian institutions and published between January 2000 and December 2015...
March 15, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
Giuliano Tosello, Maria Regina Torloni, Bruna S Mota, Teresa Neeman, Rachel Riera
BACKGROUND: Metastatic breast cancer is not a curable disease, but women with metastatic disease are living longer. Surgery to remove the primary tumour is associated with an increased survival in other types of metastatic cancer. Breast surgery is not standard treatment for metastatic disease, however several recent retrospective studies have suggested that breast surgery could increase the women's survival. These studies have methodological limitations including selection bias. A systematic review mapping all randomised controlled trials addressing the benefits and potential harms of breast surgery is ideal to answer this question...
March 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Salehoddin Bouya, Maryam Koochakzai, Hosein Rafiemanesh, Abbas Balouchi, Safiyeh Taheri, Mahin Badakhsh, Mahnaz Didehvar
PURPOSE: Quality of life is the most important psychological factor affecting breast cancer patients. This study aimed to examine the health related quality of life of breast cancer patients in Iran. METHODS: International (PubMed, Web of science, Scopus and Google scholar) and national (SID, Magiran) databases were searched for related studies to September 2017. The quality of the articles was evaluated using the Hoy tool. RESULTS: Out of 232 initial studies, 18 studies performed on 2263 people were included in the final stage of the study...
March 14, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Thierry Almont, Corinne Couteau, Hélène Etienne, Pierre Bondil, Rosine Guimbaud, Leslie Schover, Éric Huyghe
PURPOSE: To assess sexual health and needs for sexology care of cancer patients during chemotherapy. METHODS: We performed a 4-month cross-sectional study in cancer patients treated by chemotherapy in the digestive cancer department of a regional university hospital. Patients were asked to fill out a self-administered questionnaire about their sexual health, Sexual Quality of Life Questionnaire for Male (SQoL-M) or Female (SQoL-F), and their needs for sexology care...
March 14, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
M G Carta, A Preti, H S Akiskal
Human population is increasing in immense cities with millions of inhabitants, in which life is expected to run 24 hours a day for seven days a week (24/7). Noise and light pollution are the most reported consequences, with a profound impact on sleep patterns and circadian biorhythms. Disruption of sleep and biorhythms has severe consequences on many metabolic pathways. Suppression of melatonin incretion at night and the subsequent effect on DNA methylation may increase the risk of prostate and breast cancer...
2018: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
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