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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342658/educational-needs-of-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-disease-impact-of-a-transition-intervention-programme
#1
Magalie Ladouceur, Johanna Calderon, Maladon Traore, Radhia Cheurfi, Christine Pagnon, Diala Khraiche, Fanny Bajolle, Damien Bonnet
BACKGROUND: Adolescents and young adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) have complex health needs and require lifelong follow-up. Interventions to facilitate the paediatric-to-adult healthcare transition are recommended, but outcomes remain largely under-investigated. AIMS: To identify the educational needs and the impact of a transition intervention on knowledge and self-management skills in adolescents and young adults with CHD. METHODS: From September 2014 to May 2015, 115 adolescents and young adults with CHD (mean age 17±2 years; 47 girls) were consecutively enrolled...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342624/the-level-of-anxiety-depression-and-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-heart-failure-in-greece
#2
Zoi Aggelopoulou, Nikolaos V Fotos, Anastasia A Chatziefstratiou, Konstantinos Giakoumidakis, Ioannis Elefsiniotis, Hero Brokalaki
PURPOSE: The assessment of the level of anxiety, depression and quality of life among patients with heart failure. METHODS: It was an observational study. The populations were 231 patients with heart failure who were hospitalized in cardiology departments of 2 general hospitals in Athens, from September 1, 2010 through January 31, 2012. We used the "Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire - MLHFQ" to evaluate patients' quality of life and the " State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - STAI" and the "Maastricht Questionnaire - MQ" to evaluate the level of stress and depression, respectively...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338937/association-of-blood-pressure-trajectory-with-mortality-incident-cardiovascular-disease-and-heart-failure-in-the-cardiovascular-health-study
#3
Christopher C Smitson, Rebecca Scherzer, Michael G Shlipak, Bruce M Psaty, Anne B Newman, Mark J Sarnak, Michelle C Odden, Carmen A Peralta
BACKGROUND: Common blood pressure (BP) trajectories are not well established in elderly persons, and their association with clinical outcomes is uncertain. METHODS: We used hierarchical cluster analysis to identify discrete BP trajectories among 4,067 participants in the Cardiovascular Health Study using repeated BP measures from years 0 to 7. We then evaluated associations of each BP trajectory cluster with all-cause mortality, incident cardiovascular disease (CVD, defined as stroke or myocardial infarction) (N = 2,837), and incident congestive heart failure (HF) (N = 3,633) using Cox proportional hazard models...
March 10, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338764/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-total-cancer-and-all-cause-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#4
Dagfinn Aune, Edward Giovannucci, Paolo Boffetta, Lars T Fadnes, NaNa Keum, Teresa Norat, Darren C Greenwood, Elio Riboli, Lars J Vatten, Serena Tonstad
Background: Questions remain about the strength and shape of the dose-response relationship between fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer and mortality, and the effects of specific types of fruit and vegetables. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify these associations. Methods: PubMed and Embase were searched up to 29 September 2016. Prospective studies of fruit and vegetable intake and cardiovascular disease, total cancer and all-cause mortality were included...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337852/turning-potential-into-action-using-pluripotent-stem-cells-to-understand-heart-development-and-function-in-health-and-disease
#5
Hananeh Fonoudi, Alexis Bosman
Pluripotent stem cells hold enormous potential for regenerative therapies, however their ability to provide insight into early human development and the origins of disease could arguably provide an even greater outcome. This is primarily due to their contribution to the establishment of a powerful knowledge base of human development, something which all researchers and clinicians can potentially benefit from. Modeling human heart development and disease using pluripotent stem cells has already provided many important insights into cardiogenesis and cardiovascular disease mechanisms however, it is important to be aware of the complexities of this model system...
March 24, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337225/bufei-huoxue-capsule-attenuates-pm2-5-induced-pulmonary-inflammation-in-mice
#6
Yue Jing, Hongchun Zhang, Zhe Cai, Yukun Zhao, Ye Wu, Xuan Zheng, Ying Liu, Yuying Qin, Mingjie Gu, Jin Jin
Atmospheric fine particulate matter 2.5 (PM 2.5) may carry many toxic substances on its surface and this may pose a public health threat. Epidemiological research indicates that cumulative ambient PM2.5 is correlated to morbidity and mortality due to pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Mitigating the toxic effects of PM2.5 is therefore highly desired. Bufei Huoxue (BFHX) capsules have been used in China to treat pulmonary heart disease (cor pulmonale). Thus, we assessed the effects of BFHX capsules on PM2...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336790/prioritizing-functional-capacity-as-a-principal-end-point-for-therapies-oriented-to-older-adults-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-scientific-statement-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association
#7
REVIEW
Daniel E Forman, Ross Arena, Rebecca Boxer, Mary A Dolansky, Janice J Eng, Jerome L Fleg, Mark Haykowsky, Arshad Jahangir, Leonard A Kaminsky, Dalane W Kitzman, Eldrin F Lewis, Jonathan Myers, Gordon R Reeves, Win-Kuang Shen
Adults are living longer, and cardiovascular disease is endemic in the growing population of older adults who are surviving into old age. Functional capacity is a key metric in this population, both for the perspective it provides on aggregate health and as a vital goal of care. Whereas cardiorespiratory function has long been applied by cardiologists as a measure of function that depended primarily on cardiac physiology, multiple other factors also contribute, usually with increasing bearing as age advances...
March 23, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336768/care-of-girls-and-women-with-turner-syndrome-beyond-growth-and-hormones
#8
Caroline Culen, Diana-Allexandra Ertl, Katharina Schubert, Lisa Bartha-Doering, Gabriele Haeusler
Turner syndrome (TS), although considered a rare disease, is the most common sex chromosome abnormality in women, with an incident of 1 in 2,500 female births. TS is characterized by distinctive physical features such as short stature, ovarian dysgenesis, an increased risk for heart and renal defects as well as a specific cognitive and psychosocial phenotype. Given the complexity of the condition, patients face manifold difficulties which increase over the lifespan. Furthermore, failures during the transitional phase to adult care result in moderate health outcomes and decreased quality of life...
March 23, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336387/the-word-heart-federation-roadmap-for-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation
#9
Adrianna Murphy, Amitava Banerjee, Günter Breithardt, A John Camm, Patrick Commerford, Ben Freedman, J Antonio Gonzalez-Hermosillo, Jonathan L Halperin, Chu-Pak Lau, Pablo Perel, Denis Xavier, David Wood, Xavier Jouven, Carlos A Morillo
BACKGROUND: The World Heart Federation has undertaken an initiative to develop a series of Roadmaps to promote development of national policies and health systems approaches, and to identify potential roadblocks on the road to effective prevention, detection, and management of cardiovascular disease in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) and develop strategies for overcoming these. This Roadmap focuses on atrial fibrillation (AF). AF is the most common, clinically significant arrhythmia and, among other clinical outcomes, is associated with increased risk of stroke...
March 20, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336112/evaluation-of-daily-ginger-consumption-for-the-prevention-of-chronic-diseases-in-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Yu Wang, Hongxia Yu, Xiulei Zhang, Qiyan Feng, Xiaoyan Guo, Shuguang Li, Rong Li, Dan Chu, Yunbo Ma
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess daily ginger consumption and explore its correlation with chronic diseases among adults and to analyze further how different levels of ginger intake affect the prevalence of chronic diseases. METHODS: We examined the prevalence rate of chronic diseases (diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease [CHD], hyperlipidemia, cerebrovascular disease, fatty liver, anemia, and tumor), as well as the daily ginger intake in a large cross-sectional study...
April 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335833/association-between-cardiovascular-risk%C3%A2-factors-and-aortic-stenosis-the-canheart-aortic-stenosis-study
#11
Andrew T Yan, Maria Koh, Kelvin K Chan, Helen Guo, David A Alter, Peter C Austin, Jack V Tu, Harindra C Wijeysundera, Dennis T Ko
BACKGROUND: Few longitudinal studies have delineated the association between traditional cardiovascular risk factors and development of aortic stenosis (AS). OBJECTIVES: The authors examined the association between traditional cardiovascular risk factors and incident severe AS in a large, unselected elderly population. METHODS: This observational cohort study used multiple linked health care population-based databases of individuals older than 65 years on April 1, 2002, without prior valvular disease, coronary artery disease, heart failure, cardiac arrhythmia, cerebrovascular disease, congenital heart disease, or admissions with cardiac symptoms...
March 28, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334962/exposure-to-fictional-medical-television-and-health-a-systematic-review
#12
Beth L Hoffman, Ariel Shensa, Charles Wessel, Robert Hoffman, Brian A Primack
Fictional medical television programs have long been a staple of television programming, and they remain popular today. We aimed to examine published literature assessing the influence of medical television programs on health outcomes. We conducted systematic literature searches in PubMed, PsychINFO and CINAHL. Selected studies had to be scholarly research, to involve exposure to fictionalized medical television programming, and to assess associations between exposures and outcomes. Of 3541 unique studies identified, nineteen met selection criteria...
March 14, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334645/long-term-residential-road-traffic-noise-and-no2-exposure-in-relation-to-risk-of-incident-myocardial-infarction-a-danish-cohort-study
#13
Nina Roswall, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Matthias Ketzel, Anders Gammelmark, Kim Overvad, Anja Olsen, Mette Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Road traffic is a source of both air pollution and noise; two environmental hazards both found to increase the risk of ischemic heart disease. Given the high correlation between these pollutants, it is important to investigate combined effects, in relation to myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: Among 50,744 middle-aged Danes enrolled into the Diet, Cancer and Health cohort from 1993 to 97, we identified 2403 cases of incident MI during a median follow-up of 14...
March 20, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333708/cost-effectiveness-of-antihypertensive-medication-exploring-race-and-sex-differences-using-data-from-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-study
#14
Gabriel S Tajeu, Stephen Mennemeyer, Nir Menachemi, Robert Weech-Maldonado, Meredith Kilgore
BACKGROUND: Antihypertensive medication decreases risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in adults with hypertension. Although black adults have higher prevalence of hypertension and worse CVD outcomes compared with whites, limited attention has been given to the cost-effectiveness of antihypertensive medication for blacks. OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost-effectiveness of antihypertensive medication treatment versus no-treatment in white and black adults. RESEARCH DESIGN: We constructed a State Transition Model to assess the costs and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) associated with either antihypertensive medication treatment or no-treatment using data from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study and published literature...
March 22, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333367/community-paramedicine-applied-in-a-rural-community
#15
Kevin J Bennett, Matt W Yuen, Melinda A Merrell
RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: Abbeville County Emergency Management Services (ACEMS) began a community paramedicine (CP) program to utilize trained paramedics to serve patients who frequently use the emergency department (ED) and have 1 or more of the following diagnoses: hypertension, diabetes, chronic heart failure, asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The objective of this study was to determine if the CP program reduced ED visits in Abbeville while improving patient outcomes. DESIGN: A pre/posttest with a comparison group study design was used to evaluate the CP program...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332718/lower-risk-for-cardiovascular-mortality-for-patients-with-root-filled-teeth-in-a-finnish-population
#16
J H Meurman, S-J Janket, M Surakka, E A Jackson, L K Ackerson, H R Fakhri, S Chogle, A Walls
AIM: To investigate the relationship of radiographic evidence of root filled teeth to cardiovascular outcomes. METHODOLOGY: Baseline data for 506 subjects including 256 angiographically verified heart disease patients and 250 matched cardiologically healthy controls participating in the Kuopio Oral Health and Heart study were collected in 1995-1996. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortalities were accrued until May 31(st) 2015 and appended to the baseline data. Mortality status data were obtained from the Finnish National Death Register where all mortality cases and the causes of death are compiled for all Finnish citizens...
March 23, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332500/cardiovascular-effects-of-electronic-cigarettes
#17
REVIEW
Neal L Benowitz, Joseph B Fraiman
Cardiovascular safety is an important consideration in the debate on the benefits versus the risks of electronic cigarette (EC) use. EC emissions that might have adverse effects on cardiovascular health include nicotine, oxidants, aldehydes, particulates, and flavourants. To date, most of the cardiovascular effects of ECs demonstrated in humans are consistent with the known effects of nicotine. Pharmacological and toxicological studies support the biological plausibility that nicotine contributes to acute cardiovascular events and accelerated atherogenesis...
March 23, 2017: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332190/impact-of-disease-prevalence-adjustment-on-hospitalization-rates-for%C3%A2-chronic-ambulatory-care-sensitive-conditions-in-germany
#18
Johannes Pollmanns, Patrick S Romano, Maria Weyermann, Max Geraedts, Saskia E Drösler
OBJECTIVES: To explore effects of disease prevalence adjustment on ambulatory care-sensitive hospitalization (ACSH) rates used for quality comparisons. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: County-level hospital administrative data on adults discharged from German hospitals in 2011 and prevalence estimates based on administrative ambulatory diagnosis data were used. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional study using in- and outpatient secondary data was performed...
March 22, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331842/estimation-of-burden-of-ischemic-heart-diseases-in-isfahan-iran-2014-using-incompleteness-and-misclassification-adjustment-models
#19
Mehran Shams-Beyranvand, Farshad Farzadfar, Shohreh Naderimagham, Maryam Tirani, Mohammad Reza Maracy
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have been the leading cause of death in the world. Ischemic heart diseases (IHDs) are the main form of CVDs and are the most important single cause of death around the world. This study aimed to estimate the burden of IHDs in the city of Isfahan by calculating disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). METHODS: This population-based study was conducted on the population living in the city of Isfahan in 2014...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331015/association-between-clinically-recorded-alcohol-consumption-and-initial-presentation-of-12-cardiovascular-diseases-population-based-cohort-study-using-linked-health-records
#20
Steven Bell, Marina Daskalopoulou, Eleni Rapsomaniki, Julie George, Annie Britton, Martin Bobak, Juan P Casas, Caroline E Dale, Spiros Denaxas, Anoop D Shah, Harry Hemingway
Objectives To investigate the association between alcohol consumption and cardiovascular disease at higher resolution by examining the initial lifetime presentation of 12 cardiac, cerebrovascular, abdominal, or peripheral vascular diseases among five categories of consumption.Design Population based cohort study of linked electronic health records covering primary care, hospital admissions, and mortality in 1997-2010 (median follow-up six years).Setting CALIBER (ClinicAl research using LInked Bespoke studies and Electronic health Records)...
March 22, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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