keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cognition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549355/predictors-of-language-gains-among-school-age-children-with-language-impairment-in-the-public-schools
#1
Laura M Justice, Hui Jiang, Jessica A Logan, Mary Beth Schmitt
Purpose: This study aimed to identify child-level characteristics that predict gains in language skills for children with language impairment who were receiving therapy within the public schools. The therapy provided represented business-as-usual speech/language treatment provided by speech-language pathologists in the public schools. Method: The sample included 272 kindergartners and first-graders with language impairment who participated in a larger study titled "Speech-Therapy Experiences in the Public Schools...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549335/microstructural-alterations-of-white-matter-in-juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy
#2
Jinnan Gong, Xuebin Chang, Sisi Jiang, Benjamin Klugah-Brown, Song Tan, Dezhong Yao, Cheng Luo
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a common type of idiopathic generalized epilepsy that is characterized by myoclonic jerks of the upper limbs and generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Frontal cognitive dysfunctions and abnormal coupling of the thalamocortical system have been found in neuropsychological and neuroimaging studies. This study intended to explore white matter (WM) measurement changes in JME using MRI. Twenty-six patients with JME and 25 healthy controls (HC) were recruited for the acquisition of diffusion MRI and structural MRI data...
April 4, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549317/frontal-and-subcortical-grey-matter-reductions-in-ptsd
#3
Daniel C M O'Doherty, Ashleigh Tickell, Will Ryder, Charles Chan, Daniel F Hermens, Maxwell R Bennett, Jim Lagopoulos
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterised by a range of debilitating psychological, physical and cognitive symptoms. PTSD has been associated with grey matter atrophy in limbic and frontal cortical brain regions. However, previous studies have reported heterogeneous findings, with grey matter changes observed beyond limbic/frontal areas. Seventy-five adults were recruited from the community, 25 diagnosed with PTSD along with 25 healthy and 25 trauma exposed age and gender matched controls. Participants underwent clinical assessment and magnetic resonance imaging...
May 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549269/high-hair-cortisol-concentrations-predict-worse-cognitive-outcome-after-stroke-results-from-the-tabasco-prospective-cohort-study
#4
E Ben Assayag, O Tene, A D Korczyn, L Shopin, E Auriel, J Molad, H Hallevi, C Kirschbaum, N M Bornstein, S Shenhar-Tsarfaty, E Kliper, T Stalder
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The role of stress-related endocrine dysregulation in the development of cognitive changes following a stroke needs further elucidation. We explored this issue in a longitudinal study on stroke survivors using hair cortisol concentrations (HCC), a measure of integrated long-term cortisol levels. METHODS: Participants were consecutive cognitively intact first-ever mild-moderate ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) survivors from the Tel Aviv Brain Acute Stroke Cohort (TABASCO) study...
May 18, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549247/individuals-with-clinically-significant-insomnia-symptoms-are-characterised-by-a-negative-sleep-related-expectancy-bias-results-from-a-cognitive-experimental-assessment
#5
Hannah Courtauld, Lies Notebaert, Bronwyn Milkins, Simon D Kyle, Patrick J F Clarke
Cognitive models of insomnia consistently suggest that negative expectations regarding the consequences of poor sleep contribute to the maintenance of insomnia. To date, however, no research has sought to determine whether insomnia is indeed characterised by such a negative sleep-related expectancy bias, using objective cognitive assessment tasks which are more immune to response biases than questionnaire assessments. Therefore, the current study employed a reaction-time task assessing biased expectations among a group with clinically significant insomnia symptoms (n = 30) and a low insomnia symptoms group (n = 40)...
May 17, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549241/establishing-the-brief-assessment-of-cognition-short-form
#6
Max Lam, Mingyuan Wang, Wanping Huang, Goi Khia Eng, Attilio Rapisarda, Michael Kraus, Sim Kang, R S E Keefe, Jimmy Lee
The study aims to identify and validate a parsimonious subset of tests in the commonly used Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS) that allows the evaluation of global cognitive ability. Several permutations of subtests from the BACS were examined to identify the best subset of tests to compose the short form measure. The Brief Assessment of Cognition-Short Form (BAC-SF) was evaluated for convergent validity in healthy and psychiatric samples (N = 3718). Verbal Memory, Digit Sequencing, and Symbol Coding subtests were found to best summarize the variance of composite scores in both Asian and US Norming samples (r = 0...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549233/processing-the-papal-encyclical-through-perceptual-filters-pope-francis-identity-protective-cognition-and-climate-change-concern
#7
Asheley R Landrum, Robert B Lull, Heather Akin, Ariel Hasell, Kathleen Hall Jamieson
Previous research suggests that when individuals encounter new information, they interpret it through perceptual 'filters' of prior beliefs, relevant social identities, and messenger credibility. In short, evaluations are not based solely on message accuracy, but also on the extent to which the message and messenger are amenable to the values of one's social groups. Here, we use the release of Pope Francis's 2015 encyclical as the context for a natural experiment to examine the role of prior values in climate change cognition...
May 23, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549163/factors-influencing-the-academic-performance-of-children-with-sickle-cell-anaemia-in-ekiti-south-west-nigeria
#8
Oladele Simeon Olatunya, Oluwasola Julius Oke, Bankole Peter Kuti, Iyiade Adeseye Ajayi, Oyebanji Olajuyin, Olubunmi Omotosho-Olagoke, Adekunle Bamidele Taiwo, Opeyemi Ayodeji Faboya, Ayodeji Ajibola
Background: There is a paucity of information on factors that influence the school performance of children with sickle cell anaemia (SCA) in Nigeria, despite her huge burden of the disease. Methods: In total, 101 children with SCA were recruited at a paediatric clinic in Nigeria. Their socio-demographic-matched classmates were the controls. Academic performance and cognitive functioning were obtained from school reports and Ziler's Draw-a-Person Test, respectively...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549161/cigarette-smoking-cessation-intervention-for-buprenorphine-treatment-patients
#9
Sharon M Hall, Gary Humfleet, James Gasper, Kevin L Delucchi, David Hersh, Joseph Guydish
Introduction: Patients receiving Medication Assisted Therapy (MAT) for opioid use disorder have high cigarette smoking rates. Cigarette smoking interventions have had limited success. We evaluated an intervention to increase cigarette abstinence rates in patients receiving buprenorphine-assisted therapy. Methods: Cigarette smokers (N=175; 78% male; 69% Caucasian; 20% Hispanic), recruited from a buprenorphine clinic were randomly assigned to either an extended innovative system intervention (E-ISI) or to Standard Treatment Control (STC)...
May 26, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549087/thalamic-alterations-remote-to-infarct-appear-as-focal-iron-accumulation-and-impact-clinical-outcome
#10
Grégory Kuchcinski, Fanny Munsch, Renaud Lopes, Antoine Bigourdan, Jason Su, Sharmila Sagnier, Pauline Renou, Jean-Pierre Pruvo, Brian K Rutt, Vincent Dousset, Igor Sibon, Thomas Tourdias
Thalamic alterations have been observed in infarcts initially sparing the thalamus but interrupting thalamo-cortical or cortico-thalamic projections. We aimed at extending this knowledge by demonstrating with in vivo imaging sensitive to iron accumulation, one marker of neurodegeneration, that (i) secondary thalamic alterations are focally located in specific thalamic nuclei depending on the initial infarct location; and (ii) such secondary alterations can contribute independently to the long-term outcome. To tackle this issue, 172 patients with an infarct initially sparing the thalamus were prospectively evaluated clinically and with magnetic resonance imaging to quantify iron through R2* map at 24-72 h and at 1-year follow-up...
May 25, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549077/clinical-criteria-for-subtyping-parkinson-s-disease-biomarkers-and-longitudinal-progression
#11
Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Yashar Zeighami, Alain Dagher, Ronald B Postuma
Parkinson's disease varies widely in clinical manifestations, course of progression and biomarker profiles from person to person. Identification of distinct Parkinson's disease subtypes is of great priority to illuminate underlying pathophysiology, predict progression and develop more efficient personalized care approaches. There is currently no clear way to define and divide subtypes in Parkinson's disease. Using data from the Parkinson's Progression Markers Initiative, we aimed to identify distinct subgroups via cluster analysis of a comprehensive dataset at baseline (i...
May 25, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548888/an-interdisciplinary-intervention-for-fear-of-falling-lessons-learned-from-two-case-studies
#12
James B Robinson, Julie Loebach Wetherell
This article describes two case studies using an interdisciplinary intervention for homebound older adults who experience fear of falling, resulting in debility and isolation. The patients discussed received separate home visits from a physical therapist (two and four visits) and psychologist (six and eight visits) and intervention components included an initial assessment of physical ability, prescription of home exercise program, exposure therapy, and cognitive restructuring. Both patients reported satisfaction with the fear of falling intervention and showed improved ability to walk, both in distance and in requiring less assistance...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548822/iron-containing-metal-organic-frameworks-structure-synthesis-and-applications-in-environmental-remediation
#13
Xiaocheng Liu, Yaoyu Zhou, Jiachao Zhang, Lin Tang, Lin Luo, Guangming Zeng
Metal-organic Frameworks (MOFs) with Fe content are gradually developing into an independent branch in environmental remediation, requiring economical, effective, low toxic strategies to the complete procedure. In this review, the recent advancements in the structure, synthesis and environmental application focusing on the mechanism are presented. The unique structure of novel design proposed specific characteristics of different iron containing MOFs with potential innovation. Synthesis of typical MILs, NH2-MILs and MILs based materials reveal the basis and defect of the current method, indicating the optimal means for the actual requirements...
May 26, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548708/glucocerebrosidase-mutations-and-neuropsychiatric-phenotypes-in-parkinson-s-disease-and-lewy-body-dementias-review-and-meta-analyses
#14
REVIEW
Byron Creese, Emily Bell, Iskandar Johar, Paul Francis, Clive Ballard, Dag Aarsland
Heterozygous mutations in glucocerebrosidase gene (GBA) are a major genetic risk factor for Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Recently, there has been a considerable focus on the relationship between GBA mutations and emergence of cognitive impairment and neuropsychiatric symptoms in these diseases. Here, we review the literature in this area, with a particular focus, including meta-analysis, on the key neuropsychiatric symptoms of cognitive impairment, psychosis, and depression in Parkinson's disease...
May 26, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548707/phenotypes-and-genotypes-in-individuals-with-smc1a-variants
#15
Sylvia Huisman, Paul A Mulder, Egbert Redeker, Ingrid Bader, Anne-Marie Bisgaard, Alice Brooks, Anna Cereda, Constanza Cinca, Dinah Clark, Valerie Cormier-Daire, Matthew A Deardorff, Karin Diderich, Mariet Elting, Anthonie van Essen, David Fitz Patrick, Cristina Gervasini, Gabriele Gillessen-Kaesbach, Katta M Girisha, Yvonne Hilhorst-Hofstee, Saskia Hopman, Denise Horn, Mala Isrie, Sandra Jansen, Cathrine Jespersgaard, Frank J Kaiser, Maninder Kaur, Tjitske Kleefstra, Ian D Krantz, Phillis Lakeman, Annemiek Landlust, Davor Lessel, Caroline Michot, Jo Moss, Sarah E Noon, Chris Oliver, Ilaria Parenti, Juan Pie, Feliciano J Ramos, Claudine Rieubland, Silvia Russo, Angelo Selicorni, Zeynep Tümer, Rieneke Vorstenbosch, Tara L Wenger, Ingrid van Balkom, Sigrid Piening, Jolanta Wierzba, Raoul C Hennekam
SMC1A encodes one of the proteins of the cohesin complex. SMC1A variants are known to cause a phenotype resembling Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS). Exome sequencing has allowed recognizing SMC1A variants in individuals with encephalopathy with epilepsy who do not resemble CdLS. We performed an international, interdisciplinary study on 51 individuals with SMC1A variants for physical and behavioral characteristics, and compare results to those in 67 individuals with NIPBL variants. For the Netherlands all known individuals with SMC1A variants were studied, both with and without CdLS phenotype...
May 26, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548609/a-pilot-study-to-validate-measures-of-the-theory-of-reasoned-action-for-organ-donation-behavior
#16
Shui Hung Wong, Amy Yin Man Chow
The present study aimed at taking the first attempt in validating the measures generated based on the theory of reasoned action (TRA). A total of 211 university students participated in the study, 95 were included in the exploratory factor analysis and 116 were included in the confirmatory factor analysis. The TRA measurements were established with adequate psychometric properties, internal consistency and construct validity. Findings also suggested that attitude towards organ donation has both a cognitive and affective nature, while the subjective norm of the family seems to be important to students' views on organ donation...
May 26, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548590/prenatal-exposure-to-neurotoxic-metals-is-associated-with-increased-placental-glucocorticoid-receptor-dna-methylation
#17
Allison A Appleton, Brian P Jackson, Margaret Karagas, Carmen J Marsit
Epigenetic alterations related to prenatal neurotoxic metals exposure may be key in understanding the origins of cognitive and neurobehavioral problems in children. Placental glucocorticoid receptor (NR3C1) methylation has been linked to neurobehavioral risk in early life, but has not been examined in response to neurotoxic metals exposure despite parallel lines of research showing metals exposure and NR3C1 methylation each contribute to a similar set of neurobehavioral phenotypes. Thus, we conducted a study of prenatal neurotoxic metals exposure and placental NR3C1 methylation in a cohort of healthy term singleton pregnancies from Rhode Island, USA (n = 222)...
May 26, 2017: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548578/emotional-cognitive-and-behavioral-reactions-to-paranoid-symptoms-in-clinical-and-nonclinical-populations
#18
Célia Barreto Carvalho, Carolina da Motta, José Pinto-Gouveia, Ermelindo Manuel Bernardo Peixoto
BACKGROUND: Paranoia is a disruptive belief that can vary across a continuum, ranging from persecutory delusions presented in clinical settings to paranoid cognitions that are highly prevalent in the general population. The literature suggests that paranoid thoughts derive from the activation of a paranoid schema or information processing biases that can be sensitive to socially ambiguous stimuli and influence the processing of threatening situations. METHODS: Four groups (schizophrenic participants in active psychotic phases, n=61; stable participants in remission, n=30; participants' relatives, n=32; and, healthy controls, n=64) were assessed with self-report questionnaires to determine how the reactions to paranoia of clinical patients differ from healthy individuals...
2017: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548557/further-examination-of-embedded-performance-validity-indicators-for-the-conners-continuous-performance-test-and-brief-test-of-attention-in-a-large-outpatient-clinical-sample
#19
Michael J Sharland, Stephen C Waring, Brian P Johnson, Allise M Taran, Travis A Rusin, Andrew M Pattock, Jeanette A Palcher
OBJECTIVE: Assessing test performance validity is a standard clinical practice and although studies have examined the utility of cognitive/memory measures, few have examined attention measures as indicators of performance validity beyond the Reliable Digit Span. The current study further investigates the classification probability of embedded Performance Validity Tests (PVTs) within the Brief Test of Attention (BTA) and the Conners' Continuous Performance Test (CPT-II), in a large clinical sample...
May 26, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548549/semantic-verbal-fluency-impairment-is-detectable-in-patients-with-subjective-cognitive-decline
#20
Tomas Nikolai, Ondrej Bezdicek, Hana Markova, Hana Stepankova, Jiri Michalec, Miloslav Kopecek, Monika Dokoupilova, Jakub Hort, Martin Vyhnalek
Patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) are at higher risk for conversion to dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Semantic verbal fluency (SVF) seems to be impaired in the early stages of AD. The goal of the present study was to identify the discriminative potential of verbal fluency (VF) in patients with SCD to show if very early signs of cognitive decline may be detected in SCD. We examined 93 normal controls (NC) and 61 participants with SCD. Each participant was administered a comprehensive neuropsychological battery...
May 26, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
keyword
keyword
1368
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"