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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647952/children-with-short-stature-and-growth-failure-heightism-gender-and-racial-disparities
#1
Terri H Lipman, Ian J McCurry
Growth is the single most important indication of the health of a child. Identification of growth disorders in all children is crucial as growth failure can be the first sign of a number of acute and chronic conditions. However, gender and racial biases have resulted in inequities in the identification, referral and treatment of children with growth disorders. In addition, short children have been impacted by a number of psychosocial issues. Heightism is prejudice or discrimination against individuals based on height, and refers to discrimination against individuals whose height is not within the normal acceptable range...
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647951/complexities-of-care-in-klinefelter-syndrome-an-aprn-perspective
#2
Sharron Close, Amy Talboy, Ilene Fennoy
47,XXY (Klinefelter Syndrome) is associated with a spectrum of complex clinical needs that are associated with variable physical, neurocognitive and psychosocial aspects. For patients and families affected by this sex chromosome trisomy, navigation of health care services is difficult due to lack of 47,XXY awareness among many health care providers and little evidence to support endocrine and additional treatment plans. While endocrine management of androgen deficiency has been the mainstay of treatment for patients from puberty through adulthood, testosterone replacement, alone, fails to mitigate many symptoms and issues...
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647949/the-key-to-adrenal-insufficiency-education-repetition-repetition-repetition
#3
Margaret F Keil, Carol Van Ryzin
Described more than 150 years ago by Thomas Addison, adrenal gland dysfunction, while treatable, remains a clinically significant and potentially fatal disease. Vague and non-specific symptomatology can delay diagnosis of adrenal insufficiency and lead to adrenal crisis. Affected individuals may delay self-management due to knowledge deficits or lack of required therapies. Advanced practice nurses must remain vigilant for signs and symptoms of adrenal insufficiency and prevention of crisis. Education of patients and their caregivers/family members must emphasize early intervention with regards to adrenal insufficiency in order to prevent adrenal crisis...
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647948/gender-creative-or-transgender-youth-and-advanced-nursing-practice
#4
Nicole Kirouac, Mabel Tan
The World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH) defines gender dysphoria as "Discomfort or distress that is caused by a discrepancy between a person's gender identity and that person's sex assigned at birth (and the associated gender role and/or primary and secondary sex characteristics)" (WPATH, 2016). Gender creative (GC) and transgender (TG) youth are at high risk for severe mental health disparities if they don't receive competent and timely gender transitioning care. Although awareness and early care of TG youth in specialty clinics is improving and increasing, there is still much effort that is required to eliminate barriers to care at many levels and thus improve outcomes...
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647945/the-emerging-adult-with-diabetes-transitioning-from-pediatric-to-adult-care
#5
Jodi Krall, Ingrid Libman, Linda Siminerio
Transfer from pediatric to adult health care is a significant life event for youth with chronic medical conditions. Unfortunately, youth may not be well prepared to navigate the shift in health care services, increasing their risk for loss to follow up and poor health outcomes. This review explores transition in care through the lens of type 1 diabetes, highlighting current practices and guidelines and offering recommendations for future consideration. Limited evidence suggests that transition programs that focus on strategies to prepare youth developmentally and equip the health care system appropriately have positive impact on the hand off of care, and health outcomes...
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647910/perception-of-spirituality-and-spiritual-care-among-muslim-nurses-in-indonesia
#6
Risa Herlianita, Miaofen Yen, Ching-Huey Chen, Susan J Fetzer, Esther Ching-Lan Lin
This cross-sectional study was conducted to examine 256 Muslim nurses' perception of spirituality and spiritual care in Indonesia. The Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale (SSCRS) was translated and culturally adapted. Moderately high degrees in five domains and total SSCRS were found. Specialty, education level, clinical seniority, having spiritual training, and previous spiritual caring experience could impact on the SSCRS. Most nurses have cared for patients with spiritual needs, but denied having any formal training in providing spiritual care...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647819/the-italian-version-of-the-opening-minds-stigma-scale-for-healthcare-providers-validation-and-study-on-a-sample-of-bachelor-students
#7
Anne Destrebecq, Paolo Ferrara, Luca Frattini, Francesco Pittella, Gemma Rossano, Giuseppe Striano, Stefano Terzoni, Orsola Gambini
Prejudices on psychiatric disorders frequently turn into stigmatizating attitudes, also among health care providers. The Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC) was introduced in 2012 to measure stigma. No Italian versions of this tool exist so far. We wanted to investigate stigma among healthcare students in Italy, and to prepare an Italian version of the scale. A multicentric, cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of Nursing, Physiotherapy, Occupational therapy, and Dietistics students...
June 24, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647724/observed-and-projected-trends-in-paediatric-health-resources-and-services-in-china-between-2003-and-2030-a-time-series-study
#8
Xin-Yu Zhang, Ying Gao, Chang-Ping Li, Rong-Xiu Zheng, Jie-Li Chen, Lin Zhao, You-Fa Wang, Yao-Gang Wang
OBJECTIVES: The two-child policy took effect in China on 1 January 2016, thus officially ending the one-child policy. The resultant growth in the population will create a considerable demand for public services such as paediatric healthcare, even while there are limited paediatric resources. We estimated the relationship between paediatric health resources and services and child mortality to determine the degree of the deficiency of such resources in China. Projecting the quantity of paediatric health resource allocation and service supply through 2030 will help provide data reference for future policy decision making...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647719/a-cross-sectional-study-on-the-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-for-workplace-violence-against-chinese-nurses
#9
Lei Shi, Danyang Zhang, Chenyu Zhou, Libin Yang, Tao Sun, Tianjun Hao, Xiangwen Peng, Lei Gao, Wenhui Liu, Yi Mu, Yuzhen Han, Lihua Fan
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to explore the characteristics of workplace violence that Chinese nurses at tertiary and county-level hospitals encountered in the 12 months from December 2014 to January 2016, to identify and analyse risk factors for workplace violence, and to establish the basis for future preventive strategies. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: A total of 44 tertiary hospitals and 90 county-level hospitals in 16 provinces (municipalities or autonomous regions) in China...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647718/new-meniscal-tears-after-acl-injury-what-is-the-risk-a-systematic-review-protocol
#10
REVIEW
Guri Ranum Ekås, Clare Ardern, Hege Grindem, Lars Engebretsen
BACKGROUND: Secondary meniscal tears after ACL injuries increase the risk of knee osteoarthritis. The current literature on secondary meniscal injuries after ACL injury is not consistent and may have methodological shortcomings. This protocol describes the methods of a systematic review investigating the rate of secondary meniscal injuries in children and adults after treatment (operative or non-operative) for ACL injury. METHODS: We will search electronic databases (Embase, Ovid Medline, Cochrane, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), SPORTDiscus, PEDro and Google Scholar) from database inception...
June 24, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647679/factors-impacting-on-psychological-wellbeing-of-international-students-in-the-health-professions-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
Lisa McKenna, Eddie Robinson, Joy Penman, Danny Hills
BACKGROUND: There are increasing numbers of international students undertaking health professional courses, particularly in Western countries. These courses not only expose students to the usual stresses and strains of academic learning, but also require students to undertake clinical placements and practice-based learning. While much is known about general issues facing international students, less is known about factors that impact on those studying in the health professions. OBJECTIVES: To explore what is known about factors that influence the psychological wellbeing of international students in the health professions...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647577/transitions-from-skilled-nursing-facility-to-home-the-relationship-of-early-outpatient-care-to-hospital-readmission
#12
Jennifer L Carnahan, James E Slaven, Christopher M Callahan, Wanzhu Tu, Alexia M Torke
BACKGROUND: Many adults are discharged to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) prior to returning home from the hospital. Patient characteristics and factors that can help to prevent postdischarge adverse outcomes are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To identify whether early post-SNF discharge care reduces likelihood of 30-day hospital readmissions. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis using the Electronic Medical Record, Medicare, Medicaid and the Minimum Data Set...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647500/acceptability-of-the-community-level-provision-of-sayana%C3%A2-press-by-medical-and-nursing-students-in-kinshasa-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#13
Jane T Bertrand, Paul Bukutuvwidi Makani, Julie Hernandez, Pierre Akilimali, Bitshi Mukengeshayi, Saleh Babazadeh, Arsene Binanga
OBJECTIVES: To assess acceptors' attitudes toward Sayana® Press as a method and toward the mechanism of community-based distribution by medical and nursing (M/N) students, known locally as "DBC," in Kinshasa, DRC; and to evaluate the experience of these DBC. STUDY DESIGN: In 2015, surveys were conducted among (1) acceptors of Sayana® Press on the day of the initial injection, (2) these same acceptors three months later, and (3) the DBC providing community-based services...
June 21, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647213/evaluating-a-medical-directive-for-nurse-initiated-analgesia-in-the-emergency-department
#14
Sebastian Dewhirst, Yuan Zhao, Taryn MacKenzie, Adam Cwinn, Christian Vaillancourt
OBJECTIVES: Although acute pain is a common presentation in the Emergency Department (ED), analgesics are often delayed until the patient is seen by a physician. We assessed the effect of a medical directive for nurse-initiated analgesia on time to first dose of analgesics, proportion of patients receiving analgesics in less than 30min, and total length of stay in the ED. METHODS: A medical directive for nurse-initiated analgesia was introduced in our ED in October 2011...
June 21, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646707/use-of-research-in-undergraduate-nursing-students-theses-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
Anita Nordsteien, May-Elin T Horntvedt, Jonn Syse
BACKGROUND: Health care personnel are expected to be familiar with evidence-based practice (EBP). Asking clinical questions, conducting systematic literature searches and conducting critical appraisal of research findings have been some of the barriers to EBP. To improve undergraduate nurses' research skills, a collaborative library-faculty teaching intervention was established in 2012. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate how the collaborative library-faculty teaching intervention affected the nursing students' research skills when writing their final theses...
June 10, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646680/the-experiences-of-supporting-learning-in-pairs-of-nursing-students-in-clinical-practice
#16
Hanna Holst, Lise-Lotte Ozolins, David Brunt, Ulrica Hörberg
The purpose of this study is to describe how supervisors experience supporting nursing students' learning in pairs on a Developing and Learning Care Unit in Sweden. The present study has been carried out with a Reflective Lifeworld Research (RLR) approach founded on phenomenology. A total of 25 lifeworld interviews were conducted with supervisors who had supervised pairs of students. The findings reveal how supervisors support students' learning in pairs through a reflective approach creating learning space in the encounter with patients, students and supervisors...
June 9, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646643/pathways-to-competence-in-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-for-advanced-practice-nurses
#17
Katherine Simmonds, Caroline M Hewitt, E Angel Aztlan-James, Emily Skinner
Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care is often overlooked in advanced practice nursing educational programs, but advanced practice registered nurses are expected to provide care in this sensitive area. Competencies for SRH care were developed by the World Health Organization, and individual countries including the United States have adapted them to their unique health systems and populations. In this article, we discuss extant and future pathways for advanced practice registered nurses to develop competence in SRH care...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646642/universal-postpartum-mental-health-screening-for-parents-of-newborns-with-prenatally-diagnosed-birth-defects
#18
Joanna C M Cole, Michelle Olkkola, Haley Zarrin, Kelsey Berger, Julie S Moldenhauer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation of a nurse-led project to screen parents for depression and traumatic stress in the postpartum period after visiting their newborns in the NICU. DESIGN: A standardized universal mental health postpartum screening and referral protocol was developed for parents of high-risk neonates. SETTING/LOCAL PROBLEM: The project occurred at the Garbose Family Special Delivery Unit, the first high-risk obstetrics unit serving healthy women who give birth to newborns with prenatally diagnosed fetal anomalies...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646523/does-clinical-placement-in-a-community-alcohol-and-other-drugs-rehabilitation-centre-influence-students-career-intention
#19
Yenna Salamonson, Lucie M Ramjan, Amy R Villarosa, Brahm Marjadi
Due to an ageing workforce, there is a growing need for greater numbers of nurses to work in areas, such as mental health and alcohol and other drugs (AOD) rehabilitation. These practitioners need to approach their work as 'recovery-oriented practitioners'. Positive experiences and preceptorship during clinical placement in AOD rehabilitation settings might influence students' later career choices and address some of the workforce shortage issues. The aim of the present concurrent, mixed-methods study was to explore students' perceptions of their clinical placement experience in a community-based AOD rehabilitation setting, and to examine attitude, career intention, and satisfaction with the placement...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646509/resistance-to-group-clinical-supervision-a-semistructured-interview-study-of-non-participating-mental-health-nursing-staff-members
#20
Niels Buus, Cynthia Delgado, Michael Traynor, Henrik Gonge
This present study is a report of an interview study exploring personal views on participating in group clinical supervision among mental health nursing staff members who do not participate in supervision. There is a paucity of empirical research on resistance to supervision, which has traditionally been theorized as a supervisee's maladaptive coping with anxiety in the supervision process. The aim of the present study was to examine resistance to group clinical supervision by interviewing nurses who did not participate in supervision...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
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