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psychogeriatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056948/association-of-cardiovascular-system-medications-with-cognitive-function-and-dementia-in-older-adults-living-in-nursing-homes-in-australia
#1
Enwu Liu, Suzanne M Dyer, Lisa Kouladjian O'Donnell, Rachel Milte, Clare Bradley, Stephanie L Harrison, Emmanuel Gnanamanickam, Craig Whitehead, Maria Crotty
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between cardiovascular system medication use with cognition function and diagnosis of dementia in older adults living in nursing homes in Australia. METHODS: As part of a cross-sectional study of 17 Australian nursing homes examining quality of life and resource use, we examined the association between cognitive impairment and cardiovascular medication use (identified using the Anatomical Therapeutic Classification System) using general linear regression and logistic regression models...
June 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037109/the-process-of-co-creating-the-interface-for-venster-an-interactive-artwork-for-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia
#2
Gaston Jamin, Tom Luyten, Rob Delsing, Susy Braun
INTRODUCTION: Interactive art installations might engage nursing home residents with dementia. The main aim of this article was to describe the challenging design process of an interactive artwork for nursing home residents, in co-creation with all stakeholders and to share the used methods and lessons learned. This process is illustrated by the design of the interface of VENSTER as a case. METHODS: Nursing home residents from the psychogeriatric ward, informal caregivers, client representatives, health care professionals and members of the management team were involved in the design process, which consisted of three phases: (1) identify requirements, (2) develop a prototype and (3) conduct usability tests...
October 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018558/management-of-common-mental-disorders-for-psychogeriatric-patients-in-hong-kong-a-comparison-of-two-clinics
#3
Mimi Mei Cheung Wong, Pui-Fai Pang, Michael Gar Chung Yiu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965536/effect-of-an-ageing-population-on-services-for-the-elderly-in-the-northern-territory
#4
Michael Lowe, Pasqualina Coffey
Objective The aim of the present study was to describe the elderly population of the Northern Territory (NT), explore the challenges of delivering aged care services to this population and implications for the acute care sector.Methods Data gathered from a variety of sources were used to describe the demographic and health profile of elderly Territorians, the aged care structure and services in the NT, and admission trends of elderly patients in NT hospitals. Information regarding NT community and residential aged care services was sourced from government reports...
October 2, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965500/dear-editors-of-the-special-issue-of-international-psychogeriatric-on-social-health
#5
Jean-Bernard Mabire, Marie-Claire Gay, Pierre Vrignaud, Catherine Garitte, Yun-Hee Jeon, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen
Dementia can interfere with the maintenance of social interactions. The ability to participate in social interactions is one of the elements that enables good social health (Hubert et al., 2011), and having dementia does not automatically eliminates the person's opportunity to have good social health (Vernooij-Dassen and Jeon, 2016). We highlighted in a previous study that people with dementia who did not know each other interacted spontaneously when they were in a stimulating social interaction setting (Mabire et al...
October 2, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963865/treating-late-life-depression-comparing-the-effects-of-internet-delivered-cognitive-behavior-therapy-across-the-adult-lifespan
#6
Megan J Hobbs, Amy E Joubert, Alison E J Mahoney, Gavin Andrews
BACKGROUND: The burden attributable to late-life depression is set to increase with the ageing population. The size of the workforce trained to deliver psychogeriatric medicine is limited. Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) is an efficacious and scalable treatment option for depression. Yet older adults are underrepresented in iCBT research. This study examines the effects of iCBT for depression across the adult lifespan among patients seeking help in routine clinical care (N = 1288)...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956311/-the-visual-association-test-to-study-episodic-memory-in-clinical-geriatric-psychology
#7
Han Diesfeldt, Marleen Prins, Gijs Lauret
The Visual Association Test (VAT) is a brief learning task that consists of six line drawings of pairs of interacting objects (association cards). Subjects are asked to name or identify each object and later are presented with one object from the pair (the cue) and asked to name the other (the target). The VAT was administered in a consecutive sample of 174 psychogeriatric day care participants with mild to major neurocognitive disorder. Comparison of test performance with normative data from non-demented subjects revealed that 69% scored within the range of a major deficit (0-8 over two recall trials), 14% a minor, and 17% no deficit (9-10, and ≥10 respectively)...
September 27, 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949318/psychogeriatric-diagnoses-in-old-people-s-homes-and-negative-health-behavior
#8
Spomenka Tomek-Roksandić, Ivana Popek, Nada Tomasović Mrčela, Zvonimir Šostar, Branko Kolarić, Nina Smolej Narančić, Ana Stavljenić Rukavina, Mate Ljubičić
BACKGROUND: The study was designed as a gerontologic-public health analysis of the relationship between the leading and accompanying psychogeriatric diagnoses and negative health behaviors recorded in the old people's home users, with the aim to evaluate and redefine gerontologic-public health priorities and geroprophylactic measures, with special reference to persons suffering from Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Gerontologic-public health indicators obtained by monitoring health care needs of the elderly in specific institutional primary health care at 10 old people's homes (N=1185) in Croatia in 2013 were analyzed using the professional methodology developed at Department of Health Gerontology, Andrija Štampar Teaching Institute of Public Health (Registry List 1 that refers to monitoring specific primary health care needs of elderly at old people's homes)...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926805/integrating-icbt-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder-into-routine-clinical-care-treatment-effects-across-the-adult-lifespan
#9
Megan J Hobbs, Alison E J Mahoney, Gavin Andrews
The burden attributable to late-life Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is set to increase alongside the ageing population. Yet, the psychogeriatric workforce is limited in size and few studies have focused on the treatment of GAD among older patients. Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) could be integrated into existing infrastructure and scale the psychogeriatric workforce, if shown to be effective across the adult lifespan. This study examined age-related differences in presentation, adherence and effects of iCBT for GAD among patients in routine clinical care (N=942; 18-29years (n=267); 30-39years (n=260); 40-49years (n=180); 50-59years (n=124); and 60+ years (n=111))...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851471/a-systematic-evaluation-of-impulsive-aggressive-behavior-in-psychogeriatric-inpatients-using-the-staff-observation-aggression-scale-revision-soas-r
#10
Myrella Paschali, Daniel Kamp, Claudia Reichmann, Michaela Jaenner, Christian Lange-Asschenfeldt, Tillmann Supprian
BACKGROUND: Impulsive-aggressive behavior is a significant challenge in geriatric psychiatry and requires professional evaluation and management. METHODS: SOAS-R scales (Staff Observation Aggression Scale-Revision) completed by medical staff on three secure psychiatric wards were analyzed during a period of 12 months. Patients were subdivided into the following two diagnostic subgroups: dementia and other diagnoses. RESULTS: A total of 146 aggressive incidents involving 66 patients were reported (8...
August 30, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803564/international-psychogeriatrics-paper-of-the-year-2016
#11
Nicola T Lautenschlager
Since 2014, the year in which International Psychogeriatrics celebrated 25 years of existence, International Psychogeriatrics has featured a "paper of the month" (POM) category. Chosen by the editorial team which ranks available new International Psychogeriatrics manuscripts from the categories "original research articles" and "reviews," a POM is identified representing high scientific quality and clinical relevance. Each POM is accompanied by a short commentary highlighting its findings and relevance. For the year 2016 this resulted in twelve papers of the month of which nine were original research articles and three were systematic reviews or meta-analyses...
August 14, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733180/association-between-malnutrition-and-oral-health-in-dutch-nursing-home-residents-results-of-the-lpz-study
#12
Viviënne A L Huppertz, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Ruud J G Halfens, Jos M G A Schols, Lisette C P G M de Groot
INTRODUCTION: According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and FDI World Dental Federation (FDI), malnutrition and bad oral health are of great concern to global health, especially among the older population. This study aimed to assess the associations between oral health problems ([artificial] teeth problems, chewing problems, and xerostomia) and malnutrition in residents of somatic and psychogeriatric wards in Dutch nursing homes. METHODS: Data of the cross-sectional National Prevalence Measurement of Quality of Care study (Landelijke Prevalentiemeting Zorgproblemen study) in the Netherlands were used to evaluate nutritional status and oral health of 3220 residents, aged 65 or older and living in somatic or psychogeriatric wards in Dutch nursing homes...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701239/the-role-of-primary-care-in-identification-and-ongoing-management-of-dementia-a-time-of-transition
#13
Constance Dimity Pond
In this edition of International Psychogeriatrics, Pertrazzuoli et al. (2017) address attitudes to dementia by primary care physicians (PCPs) across a range of European countries. The article focusses on diagnosis, screening instruments and drug treatment, and finds a wide range of approaches to the PCPs' role in referral for diagnosis and medication prescription. The findings include that PCPs who are allowed to prescribe dementia drugs, engage in higher levels of diagnostic work up, despite all the barriers to identification ably summarized in the paper...
July 13, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693652/professional-caregivers-experiences-with-the-liverpool-care-pathway-in-dementia-an-ethnographic-study-in-a-dutch-nursing-home
#14
Natashe Lemos Dekker, Marjolein Gysels, Jenny T van der Steen
OBJECTIVE: There are few studies on how professional caregivers apply the Liverpool Care Pathway (LCP) in nursing home care for people with dementia. Further, despite critiques in the United Kingdom, the LCP continues to be used in the Netherlands, while, to the best of our knowledge, no studies have been conducted since its implementation. The purpose of the present study was to analyze professional caregivers' experiences with the LCP in this context. METHOD: This article draws on an ethnographic study...
July 11, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685703/intoxication-with-alcohol-at-the-time-of-self-harm-and-pre-existing-involvement-with-mental-health-services-are-associated-with-a-pre-disposition-to-repetition-of-self-harming-behavior-in-a-large-cohort-of-older-new-zealanders-presenting-with-an-index-episode
#15
David Ames
The paper on predictors of repeat self-harm and suicide by Cheung et al. (2017), which has been chosen by the editorial team as paper of the month for this issue of International Psychogeriatrics, makes a very useful contribution to the study of self-harm and suicide in late life. Of 339 individuals presenting with an index episode of self-harm to one of seven Emergency Departments (EDs) in New Zealand, close to 15% harmed themselves again within one year and for nearly one in six of these 50 people, the repeat episode was fatal...
August 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681056/training-eldercare-workers-in-mental-healthcare
#16
Gwen Li Sin, Donald Yeo, Hwan Jing Koh, Jimmy Lee, Li Ling Ng
INTRODUCTION: A significant proportion of older persons requiring support or care services have mental health concerns. There is a need to equip frontline eldercare workers with the necessary skills in caring for older persons with mental illnesses. The Community Psychogeriatric Programme aims to support community eldercare providers with training and consultation. We set out to measure eldercare workers' perceived levels of stress and knowledge on caring for older persons with mental illness before (pre-workshop), immediately after (post-workshop) and three months after (three-month follow-up) undergoing standardised training workshops on dementia and depression...
July 6, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669365/incidence-of-pneumonia-in-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia-in-the-netherlands-an-estimation-based-on-three-differently-designed-studies
#17
T P Zomer, T VAN DER Maaden, A B VAN Gageldonk-Lafeber, S C DE Greeff, J T VAN DER Steen, L Verhoef
Pneumonia leads to considerable morbidity and mortality in nursing home residents with dementia. We assessed pneumonia incidence based on data from three different studies: (1) real-time national surveillance of healthcare-associated infections in nursing home residents in 2009-2015; (2) a randomized controlled trial in 2012-2015 to assess effects of a practical guideline in nursing home residents with dementia and pneumonia; and (3) a study in 2007-2010 to assess quality of dying in newly admitted nursing home residents with dementia...
August 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646457/national-survey-among-radiation-oncology-residents-related-to-their-needs-in-geriatric-oncology
#18
Rachel Leifer, Bonnie Bristow, Martine Puts, Shabbir Alibhai, Xingshan Cao, Barbara-Ann Millar, Meredith Giuliani, Tina Hsu, Maureen Trudeau, Rajin Mehta, Ines Menjak, Mireille Norris, Barbara Liu, Francois Gallant, Ewa Szumacher
Currently, there is no formal curriculum addressing geriatric oncology within Canadian radiation oncology (RO) residency programs. Knowledge related to geriatric medicine may help radiation oncologists modify RT based on frailty status and geriatric considerations. Understanding specific learning needs allow program coordinators to align the current curriculum with residents' geriatric oncology learning needs. The purpose of this study is to determine the geriatric oncology educational needs of the Canadian RO residents and to inform Canadian RO residency training...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639232/-electroencephalography-in-delirium-superimposed-on-dementia
#19
Judith I Hanemaaijer, Viona J M Wijnen, W A van Gool
Recognizing delirium superimposed on pre-existing cognitive impairment or dementia, 'delirium superimposed on dementia' (DSD), is challenging because signs of delirium might be interpreted as symptoms of pre-existing cognitive dysfunction.In this paper, we review the literature on the role of electrencephalography (EEG) in the differential diagnosis of delirium, dementia and DSD.Conventional EEG, applying twenty to thirty electrodes, taking thirty minutes registration, is not feasible in psychogeriatric patients...
June 21, 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629480/a-bifactor-and-item-response-analysis-of-the-geriatric-anxiety-inventory
#20
H Molde, K M Hynninen, T Torsheim, A B Bendixen, K Engedal, N A Pachana, I H Nordhus
BACKGROUND: Due to previously reported mixed findings, there is a need for further empirical research on the factorial structure of the commonly used Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI). Therefore, the psychometric properties of the GAI and its short form version (GAI-SF) were evaluated in a psychogeriatric mixed in-and-out patient sample (n = 543). METHODS: Unidimensionality was tested using a bifactor analysis. Rasch modeling was used to assess scale properties...
June 20, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
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