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old age psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808907/socio-demographic-characteristics-and-factors-associated-with-hospitalization-in-psychiatry-of-old-age-patients-an-international-comparison-between-ireland-and-turkey
#1
Elif Carpar, Geraldine McCarthy, Dimitrios Adamis, Gizem Donmezler, Ender Cesur, Nurhan Fistikci
BACKGROUND: Taking predictors of hospitalization characteristics into consideration internationally would broaden our understanding of this population on a local basis. AIMS: We aimed to examine and compare socio-demographic profiles along with hospitalization characteristics including length of hospital stay (LOS), reasons for admission and diagnoses among older adult inpatients hospitalized in Ireland and Turkey, and to assess factors predicting these features...
August 14, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747934/avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-an-11-year-old-south-american-boy-medical-and-cultural-challenges
#2
Jonah Schermbrucker, Melissa Kimber, Natasha Johnson, Sarah Kearney, Jennifer Couturier
Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is new in the DSM-5, replacing the DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of Feeding Disorder of Infancy or Early Childhood. ARFID has no age criterion, and therefore addresses eating disturbances across the lifespan. This report illustrates the case of an 11-year-old boy of Colombian ancestry with ARFID and explores the role of culture in the diagnosis of ARFID. To date, literature describing this disorder is limited. ARFID is often seen in the child and adolescent population and can have significant medical consequences, including weight loss, hemodynamic instability, and growth retardation...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718394/multiple-possible-inaccuracies-cast-doubt-on-a-recent-report-suggesting-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-to-be-toxic-and-ineffective
#3
Fredrik Hieronymus, Alexander Lisinski, Jakob Näslund, Elias Eriksson
According to a systematic review on the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in adult depression that was recently published in BMC Psychiatry, the results of which have been widely disseminated in lay media, these drugs increase the risk for serious adverse events (SAEs) while exerting poor antidepressant efficacy. A cursory analysis, however, suggests the analysis of SAEs conducted by the authors to be marred by both methodological inaccuracies and blatant errors. After having corrected for these apparent mistakes, we conducted a sensitivity analysis in which we also accounted for a possible moderating effect of age; while this suggests SSRIs to be safe drugs in the non-elderly, they do confirm what is already known, that is, that they may enhance the risk for SAEs in the old...
July 18, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715464/impact-of-an-implicit-social-skills-training-group-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-without-intellectual-disability-a-before-and-after-study
#4
Jokthan Guivarch, Veena Murdymootoo, Sara-Nora Elissalde, Xavier Salle-Collemiche, Sophie Tardieu, Elisabeth Jouve, François Poinso
INTRODUCTION: Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) have problems with social skills. Social skills training groups are among the proposed therapeutic strategies, but their efficacy still needs to be evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of an implicit social skills training group in children with ASDs without intellectual disability. METHODS: A before-and-after study of children with ASD without intellectual disability was conducted in a child psychiatry day hospital, where they participated in an implicit group with cooperative games...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639724/longitudinal-changes-in-global-and-domain-specific-cognitive-function-in-the-very-old-findings-from-the-newcastle-85-study
#5
Blossom C M Stephan, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Antoneta Granic, Joanna Collerton, Karen Davies, Brian K Saxby, Keith A Wesnes, Thomas B L Kirkwood, Carol Jagger
OBJECTIVE: Ageing is associated with changes in cognition in some, but not all domains. In young-old adults, defined as persons aged 65-84 years, baseline cognitive function has been shown to impact on cognitive trajectories. Whether similar patterns occur in the very-old, defined as persons aged 85 years and over, is not known. METHODS: Longitudinal changes (5 years' follow-up) in global and domain specific cognitive function including memory, attention and speed were investigated in participants from the Newcastle 85+ Study (n = 845)...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631372/patient-and-provider-characteristics-related-with-prescribing-of-adhd-medication-nationwide-health-insurance-claims-database-study-in-korea
#6
Inmyung Song, Mo Se Lee, Eui-Kyung Lee, Ju-Young Shin
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between prescribing of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication and the patient's age, gender, and type of medical institution in Asia region. INTRODUCTION: This study investigates the prevalence and factors of diagnosis and pharmacological treatment of ADHD in the pediatric population. METHODS: Using the Korea Health Insurance database, study participants were identified as pediatric patients (≤17 years) with at least 1 diagnosis of ADHD (ICD-10, F90) from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2011...
June 20, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589496/screening-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-geriatric-psychiatry
#7
S M J Heijnen-Kohl, R M Kok, R M H J Wilting, G Rossi, S P J van Alphen
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are difficult to detect in old age. This study examined if ASD symptoms in older adults (age > 60) can be detected with the Dutch informant personality questionnaire, (Hetero-Anamnestische Persoonlijkheidsvragenlijst, HAP) in a mental health setting. Patients with ASD (N = 40) were compared to patients with a different psychiatric diagnosis (N = 43; personality disorders excluded). The ASD group had significant higher scores on the scales 'Socially avoidant behavior', 'Rigid behavior' and 'Unpredictable and impulsive behavior'...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413935/predictive-validity-of-the-k-sads-pl-2009-version-in-school-aged-and-adolescent-outpatients
#8
Håkan Jarbin, Markus Andersson, Maria Råstam, Tord Ivarsson
BACKGROUND: The schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children (K-SADS) is one of the most commonly used standardized diagnostic interviews in child and adolescent psychiatry. Validity studies are scarce, and limited to concurrent validity with other measures and clinical diagnoses. AIMS: To evaluate the K-SADS interview in an outpatient child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) setting with a Longitudinal Expert All Data (LEAD) procedure...
May 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400963/psychiatry-and-the-geriatric-syndromes-creating-constructive-interfaces
#9
EDITORIAL
Simon Thacker, Mike Skelton, Rowan Harwood
Integrating mental and physical healthcare is difficult to achieve because of professional and organisational barriers. Psychiatrists recognise the problems resulting from fragmentation of services and want continuity of care for patients, but commissioning and service structures perpetuate these problems. One way forward may be to follow the syndromic model employed by geriatricians as a means of avoiding over-emphasis on diagnosis above the pragmatics of implementing multi-component, coordinated care. Commissioners need to be made aware of the overlap and complementarity of skills possessed by old age psychiatry and geriatric medicine to create joint services for people vulnerable to dementia and delirium...
April 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390442/a-first-step-toward-integrating-schema-theory-in-geriatric-psychiatry-a-delphi-study
#10
M J H Legra, F R J Verhey, S P J van Alphen
BACKGROUND: Schematherapy (ST) is an effective therapy for personality disorders (PD's) in adults, however, empirical research into ST in older adults is limited. The manifestation of schemas over the life course is unclear. Besides, long-term patterns of schemas in old age and whether schemas change during the aging process remain unknown. METHODS: We performed a Delphi study involving a group meeting of nine experts in the field of ST in older adults. RESULTS: Full consensus was achieved that schemas vary later in life, and that this is due to biopsychosocial factors...
July 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297075/decrease-in-statewide-antipsychotic-prescribing-after-implementation-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-consultation-services
#11
Rebecca P Barclay, Robert B Penfold, Donna Sullivan, Lauren Boydston, Julia Wignall, Robert J Hilt
OBJECTIVE: To learn if a quality of care Medicaid child psychiatric consultation service implemented in three different steps was linked to changes in statewide child antipsychotic utilization. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Washington State child psychiatry consultation program primary data and Medicaid pharmacy division antipsychotic utilization secondary data from July 1, 2006, through December 31, 2013. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study in which consult program data were analyzed with a time series analysis of statewide antipsychotic utilization...
April 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148514/old-age-psychiatry-and-geriatric-medicine-shared-challenges-shared-solutions
#12
EDITORIAL
James Fisher, Andrew Teodorczuk
The co-occurrence of physical and mental ill health means there is considerable overlap between the patients that geriatric medicine and old age psychiatry serve. In this editorial we detail similarities between the specialisms, highlight the common challenges facing them and argue that closer alignment holds the potential to improve patient care.
February 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137385/whole-sight-clinical-and-research-priorities-in-old-age-psychiatry
#13
Julian C Hughes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998324/investigating-the-current-methods-of-assessing-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-in-residential-aged-care-facilities-in-a-metropolitan-city
#14
Samantha M Loi, Nicola T Lautenschlager
Up to 90% of people with dementia living in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) display behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), and these are associated with poorer quality of life and increased morbidity and mortality. In order to implement appropriate interventions, it is important to understand the symptoms in more detail. Despite the availability of BPSD assessment tools, it is unknown what the current practice of monitoring of BPSD in RACFs. We sought to investigate the current BPSD assessment tools being used in RACFs and explore different stakeholders' views on current practices...
December 21, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917218/can-we-predict-agitation-in-patients-with-suicide-attempts-in-the-emergency-department
#15
Ayhan Akoz, Sultan Tuna Akgol Gur, Elif Oral, Ummu Zeynep Avsar, Mucahit Emet
BACKGROUND: The agitation in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) after suicide attempts is common and an important problem. OBJECTIVE: To establish whether we can predict agitated patients among suicide attempt patients in ED. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observational study of adult suicide attempt events in ED. Information was collected prospectively on a specially designed data-collection form. Patients aged 16 years old and above who presented to the ED for care due to suicide attempts were included in the study...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906411/mental-health-emergencies-in-paediatric-services-characteristics-diagnostic-stability-and-gender-differences
#16
Montserrat Porter, Rebeca Gracia, Joan-Carles Oliva, Montserrat Pàmias, Gemma Garcia-Parés, Jesús Cobo
INTRODUCTION: Child and adolescent psychiatric emergencies have increased in recent years. The main objective of our study is to analyze sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of psychiatric emergencies under 18 years old that came to our hospital. Secondary objectives were to study diagnostic stability made in the emergency department and undertake a gender analysis. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study of patients attending the pediatric emergency department who required consultation to psychiatry service during 2010 and 2011, comparing data with two previous cross-sectional cuts (2002-2003 and 2006-2007)...
November 2016: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822276/demographic-and-diagnostic-features-of-3147-inpatients-with-mood-disorders-in-iran
#17
Atefeh Ghanbari Jolfaei, Pari Ghadamgahi, Masoud Ahmadzad-Asl, Amir Shabani
OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare demographic and diagnostic characteristics of inpatients with mood disorders in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected the demographic, clinical, and treatment characteristics of patients, who were hospitalized during five years from April 2006 to March 2010, in Iran hospital of psychiatry, a residency training center to evaluate the general clinical picture of the disorder. RESULTS: Overall, 95.3% of subjects had a diagnosis of bipolar I disorder (BID), 2...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811466/symptoms-of-anxiety-in-older-adults-with-depression-dementia-or-psychosis-a-principal-component-analysis-of-the-geriatric-anxiety-inventory
#18
Anette Bakkane Bendixen, Cecilie Bhandari Hartberg, Geir Selbæk, Knut Engedal
AIMS: The primary aim of this study was to examine anxiety symptoms as measured by the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) in older patients with depression, dementia, or psychotic disorders. The secondary aim was to conduct a principal component analysis (PCA) of the GAI and to examine whether its subscales differ between the 3 disorders. METHODS: We included data from 428 patients who were admitted to a department of geriatric psychiatry and examined according to a standardized protocol...
2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777419/lysosomal-dysfunction-in-the-brain-of-a-mouse-model-with-intraneuronal-accumulation-of-carboxyl-terminal-fragments-of-the-amyloid-precursor-protein
#19
G Kaur, M Pawlik, S E Gandy, M E Ehrlich, J F Smiley, E Levy
Recent data suggest that intraneuronal accumulation of metabolites of the amyloid-β-precursor protein (APP) is neurotoxic. We observed that transgenic mice overexpressing in neurons a human APP gene harboring the APP(E693Q) (Dutch) mutation have intraneuronal lysosomal accumulation of APP carboxylterminal fragments (APP-CTFs) and oligomeric amyloid β (oAβ) but no histological evidence of amyloid deposition. Morphometric quantification using the lysosomal marker protein 2 (LAMP-2) immunolabeling showed higher neuronal lysosomal counts in brain of 12-months-old APP(E693Q) as compared with age-matched non-transgenic littermates, and western blots showed increased lysosomal proteins including LAMP-2, cathepsin D and LC3...
July 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756274/the-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-pakistani-medical-practitioners-about-depression-a-cross-sectional-study-in-lahore-using-the-revised-depression-attitude-questionnaire-r-daq
#20
Mark Haddad, Ahmed Waqas, Wahhaj Qayyum, Maryam Shams, Saad Malik
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders such as depression are common and rank as major contributors to the global burden of disease. Condition recognition and subsequent management of depression is variable and influenced by the attitudes and beliefs of clinicians as well as those of patients. Most studies examining health professionals' attitudes have been conducted in Western nations; this study explores beliefs and attitudes about depression among doctors working in Lahore, Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey conducted in 2015 used a questionnaire concerning demographics, education in psychiatry, beliefs about depression causes, and attitudes about depression using the Revised Depression Attitude Questionnaire (R-DAQ)...
October 18, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
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