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old age psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675415/practical-and-ethical-aspects-of-advance-research-directives-for-research-on-healthy-aging-german-and-israeli-professionals-perspectives
#1
Perla Werner, Silke Schicktanz
Background: Healthy aging is the development and maintenance of optimal cognitive, social and physical well-being, and function in older adults. Preventing or minimizing disease is one of the main ways of achieving healthy aging. Dementia is one of the most prevalent and life-changing diseases of old age. Thus, dementia prevention research is defined as one of the main priorities worldwide. However, conducting research with persons who lack the capacity to give consent is a major ethical issue...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620415/the-third-new-zealand-psychiatry-of-old-age-services-and-workforce-survey
#2
Gary Cheung, Adam Sims, Bronwyn Copeland, Chris Collins, Sires Bharathan
OBJECTIVE: To survey the Psychiatry of Old Age (POA) services and workforce in New Zealand (NZ). METHODS: The NZ branch of Faculty of POA contacted the POA lead clinician and/or service manager of the 20 district health boards (DHBs) and completed a survey based on variables used in two similar previous national surveys. RESULTS: Seventeen services responded. We found acute inpatient beds and clinical staff time are funded differently across DHBs...
April 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619496/barriers-to-special-care-patients-with-mental-illness-receiving-oral-healthcare-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-holy-city-of-makkah-saudi-arabia
#3
Mohsen K Aljabri, Ibrahim Z Gadibalban, Aboelezz M Kalboush, Hesham S Sadek, Hassan H Abed
To assess barriers to patients with mental illness receiving oral healthcare in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia. Methods: This was a 3-month cross-sectional study from the Department of Psychiatry at Al-Noor, Specialist Hospital in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia, between January 2017 and April 2017. A structured questionnaire with closed-ended questions was considered. A total of 161 psychiatric patients were recruited, made up of 81 male (50.3%) and 80 female (49.7%) participants. Simple descriptive statistics were used to define the characteristics of the study variables, through a form of counts and percentages...
April 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577734/do-clinicians-assess-patients-religiousness-an-audit-of-an-aged-psychiatry-community-team
#4
Vahid Payman, Zheng Jie Lim
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency and quality of religious history taking of patients by clinicians working in an old age psychiatry service. METHODS: A retrospective audit of 80 randomised patient files from the Koropiko Mental Health Services for Older People (MHSOP) in Middlemore Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand. RESULTS: A total of 66 clinical records were available for analysis. A religious history was taken in 33/66 (50%) patients...
March 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505971/validation-of-adolescent-suicide-assessment-protocol-20-asap-20-to-sri-lankan-adolescents
#5
A S Malalagama, S Tennakoon, D R R Abeyasinghe
PURPOSE: Youth suicide rates are rising worldwide, including Sri Lanka, where 46.5/100,000 among 15-19yrs was reported in 1986. Identifying high risk adolescents is vital. Dearth of trained professionals, demands an instrument utilizable by non-psychiatrists. Such was not available in Sinhalese. Adolescent Suicide Assessment Protocol (ASAP-20) and its' manual was translated and validated to Sri Lankan adolescents. METHOD: A validation study. Forward/back translations followed by cultural adaptation...
February 24, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504652/method-of-self-harm-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-and-risk-of-subsequent-suicide
#6
Karin Beckman, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Margda Waern, Henrik Larsson, Bo Runeson, Marie Dahlin
BACKGROUND: Self-harm is common in youth and an important risk factor for suicide. Certain self-harm methods might indicate a higher risk of suicide. The main aim of this study was to determine whether some methods of self-harm in adolescents (10-17 years) and young adults (18-24 years) are associated with a particularly high risk of suicide. A secondary aim was to ascertain how different self-harm methods might affect the probability of psychiatric follow-up. METHOD: Five Swedish registers were linked in a national population-based cohort study...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490691/improving-the-identification-of-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-in-the-context-of-an-alzheimer-s-type-dementia
#7
Alan J Thomas, Fariba Mahin-Babaei, Mohammad Saidi, Debbie Lett, John Paul Taylor, Lauren Walker, Johannes Attems
BACKGROUND: Dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) are the two most common neurodegenerative causes of dementia. They commonly occur together, especially in older people, but clinical identification of these diseases in dementia is difficult in such circumstances. We therefore conducted a study using cases with both comprehensive prospective clinical assessments and complete neuropathological examination to determine if it is possible to identify such mixed cases clinically and to determine features which may identify DLB in the presence of AD dementia...
March 1, 2018: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214702/skin-injuries-and-joint-contractures-of-the-upper-extremities-in-rett-syndrome
#8
D Hirano, T Taniguchi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence and type of skin injuries and joint contractures of the upper extremities in individuals with Rett syndrome. METHODS: In 2016, a questionnaire regarding skin injuries and joint contractures was sent to 1016 directors of schools for special needs education and 204 directors of departments of rehabilitation [consisting of 130 facilities for persons with severe motor and intellectual disabilities (SMID), 73 wards for patients with SMID, and the National Hospital Organisation and National Centre Hospital, National Centre of Neurology and Psychiatry] in Japan...
January 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182063/mediating-assertive-care-and-paternalism-in-old-age-psychiatry-an-interview-with-gary-cheung
#9
Andrew Amos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182062/shared-decision-making-in-psychiatry-of-old-age
#10
Gary Cheung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179627/delirium-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-in-the-geriatric-population
#11
Pinar Tosun Tasar, Sevnaz Sahın, Nur Ozge Akcam, Cıgdem Dınckal, Merve Gulsah Ulusoy, Ozan Fatih Sarıkaya, Soner Duman, Fehmi Akcıcek, Aysin Noyan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of delirium and its association with mortality rates in elderly inpatients. METHODS: The medical records of 1435 patients over 65 years old who were treated at a regional university hospital and were referred to the university's Consultation and Liaison Psychiatry Clinic for psychological evaluation were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with and without a diagnosis of delirium were compared. The National Survival Database was used to determine mortality rates...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153020/-williams-beuren-syndrome-williams-syndrome-case-report
#12
Györgyi Miklós, György Fekete, Irén Haltrich, Miklós Tóth, Péter Reismann
Williams syndrome is a rare genetic disorder, that occurs equally in all ethnic groups and both sexes. The diagnosis might be missed during childhood in mild cases. However, establishing the diagnosis is important, not only to find the cause of intellectual disability but to look for cardiovascular, endocrine, psychiatry, urology and other conditions, which can occur at any age in the patients' lifetime. This case report presents the story of 47-year-old woman, who was admitted with haematemesis. During her stay on the ward, in the light of the distinctive facial features, mental retardation, and social behaviour patterns, the possibility of Williams syndrome emerged...
November 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061424/dopamine-transporter-gene-polymorphism-in-children-with-adhd-a-pilot-study-in-indonesian-samples
#13
Tjhin Wiguna, Raden Irawati Ismail, Noorhana Setyawati Winarsih, Fransiska Kaligis, Anggia Hapsari, Lina Budiyanti, Rini Sekartini, Susan Rahayu, Anthony P S Guerrero
INTRODUCTION: Several studies showed that DAT1 polymorphism closed related with ADHD although the results were not consistently found. Studies in China, South Korea, Japan revealed that 10-repeat allele gave a risk for ADHD. Based on that understanding, this study tried to identify whether the similar polymorphism of DAT1 was also apparent in Indonesian children with ADHD. METHOD: This was a case - control study. Case was 50 Indonesian origin children with ADHD and without any other mental disorders and metal retardation...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018555/teaching-provision-for-old-age-psychiatry-in-medical-schools-in-the-uk-and-ireland-a-survey
#14
Sophia Bennett, Poppy Ilderton, John T O'Brien, John-Paul Taylor, Andrew Teodorczuk
Aims and method This work builds on a survey first done in 1999 to understand how old age psychiatry teaching is embedded in undergraduate medical schools in the UK and Ireland and the influence of academic old age psychiatrists on teaching processes. We invited deans of 31 medical schools in the UK and Ireland in 2015 to complete an online survey to reassess the situation 16 years later. Results Response rate was 74%. As found in the original survey, there was variation across medical schools in how old age psychiatry is taught...
October 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983797/clinical-factors-associated-with-decision-to-recommend-methylphenidate-treatment-for-children-with-adhd-in-france
#15
Elodie Courtabessis, Florence Pupier, Laurie Surig, Marie-Christine Picot, Erika Nogué, Valérie Macioce, Elizabeth Stein, Diane Purper-Ouakil
European guidelines advise on best practices for the diagnosis and non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study aimed to (1) assess whether clinician's decisions to initiate methylphenidate treatment in children diagnosed with ADHD are in accordance with European guidelines and (2) identify clinical factors associated with the decision to recommend methylphenidate prescription. 5 to 13-year-old patients with an ADHD diagnosis were consecutively evaluated in an outpatient child and adolescent psychiatry clinic in France...
March 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971456/clinical-simulation-training-in-geriatric-medicine-a-review-of-the-evidence-and-lessons-for-training-in-psychiatry-of-old-age
#16
Christos Plakiotis
Clinical simulation encompasses a broad range of methods and techniques that allow clinical skills to be rehearsed and practiced away from the clinic before being applied to real patients. As such, preparation of doctors and other healthcare professionals for safe clinical practice is one of its main aims. The objective of this paper was to review the evidence regarding the use of clinical simulation training in geriatric medicine education and consider how the findings may be translated to education in the closely related field of psychiatry of old age...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971389/moderating-nutritious-habits-in-psychiatric-patients-using-transtheoretical-model-of-change-and-counseling
#17
Konstantina Anastopoulou, Evangelos C Fradelos, Evdokia Misouridou, Michael Kourakos, Aristea Berk, Ioanna V Papathanasiou, Christos Kleisiaris, Sofia Zyga
Motivational Interviewing provides the opportunity to health professionals to have an effective strategy to increase the level of readiness to change health behaviors. Along with the Transtheoretical Model (Stages of Change Model) compose the theoretical base of intervention in psychiatry settings. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to change nutritious behavior of psychiatric patients using a specific Model of Change and Counseling implementing a health education program. METHODOLOGY: A quasi-experimental design was adopted on a random sample of 60 psychiatric patients at Military Hospital of Athens...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936082/catatonia-in-patients-with-dementia-admitted-to-a-geriatric-psychiatry-ward
#18
Puja Sharma, Ina Sawhney, Walter Jaimes-Albornoz, Jordi Serra-Mestres
To determine the frequency and characteristics of catatonia in persons with dementia, all patients admitted to an old age psychiatry ward were screened for catatonia with the Bush-Francis Catatonia Screening Instrument (BFCSI) over a period of 6 months. Thirty-seven patients were admitted, and there were 14 patients with dementia. The rate of catatonia in these patients was 42.8% (6 out of 14). Five out of six of these patients received treatment for catatonia with lorazepam, all achieving complete remission...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886009/tau-mediated-iron-export-prevents-ferroptotic-damage-after-ischemic-stroke
#19
Q-Z Tuo, P Lei, K A Jackman, X-L Li, H Xiong, X-L Li, Z-Y Liuyang, L Roisman, S-T Zhang, S Ayton, Q Wang, P J Crouch, K Ganio, X-C Wang, L Pei, P A Adlard, Y-M Lu, R Cappai, J-Z Wang, R Liu, A I Bush
Functional failure of tau contributes to age-dependent, iron-mediated neurotoxicity, and as iron accumulates in ischemic stroke tissue, we hypothesized that tau failure may exaggerate ischemia-reperfusion-related toxicity. Indeed, unilateral, transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) suppressed hemispheric tau and increased iron levels in young (3-month-old) mice and rats. Wild-type mice were protected by iron-targeted interventions: ceruloplasmin and amyloid precursor protein ectodomain, as well as ferroptosis inhibitors...
September 8, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879779/supervising-trainees-in-research-what-does-it-take-to-be-a-scholarly-project-supervisor
#20
Gary Cheung, Susan Hatters Friedman, Lillian Ng, Sarah Cullum
OBJECTIVES: Scholarly projects (SPs) are a compulsory component of psychiatry training in Australasia. This article outlines the role of a research supervisor in supporting a trainee to complete an SP. METHODS: A total of 10 old age and forensic psychiatry SPs were reviewed with regard to aims, methodology, supervisor input, trainee tasks and additional resources. RESULTS: The main supervisor tasks are described and discussed. They include practical advice on study design, ethics applications, critical appraisal, data analysis, academic writing and publication...
September 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
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