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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149365/percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-complications-and-how-to-deal-with-them
#1
REVIEW
Daniel A Wollin, Glenn M Preminger
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a common surgical treatment for large and complex stones within the intrarenal collecting system. A wide variety of complications can result from this procedure, including bleeding, injury to surrounding structures, infection, positioning-related injuries, thromboembolic disease, and even death. Knowledge of the different types of complications can be useful in order to prevent, diagnose, and treat these problems if they occur. This review describes the diversity of complications with the goal of improving their avoidance and treatment...
November 17, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145204/comparing-the-clinical-features-and-outcomes-of-acute-hepatitis-e-viral-infections-with-those-of-acute-hepatitis-a-b-and-c-infections-in-korea
#2
Hye Won Oh, Ra Ri Cha, Sang Soo Lee, Chang Min Lee, Wan Soo Kim, Yun Won Jo, Jin Joo Kim, Jae Min Lee, Hong Jun Kim, Chang Yoon Ha, Hyun Jin Kim, Tae Hyo Kim, Woon Tae Jung, Ok Jae Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the etiology of acute viral hepatitis and compared the clinical features of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections with those of other acute viral hepatitis infections in Korea. METHODS: This study included 2,357 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with acute hepatitis, based on acute illness with jaundice or elevated alanine aminotransferase levels (>100 IU/L), between January 2007 and January 2016. Acute viral infections were observed in 23 (19...
November 17, 2017: Intervirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137105/urgent-laparoscopic-ureterolithotomy-for-proximal-ureter-stones-accompanied-with-obstructive-pyelonephritis-is-it-safe-and-effective-without-preoperative-drainage
#3
Huan Yang, Xiao Yu, Ejun Peng, Cong Li, Lei Cui, Xing Zeng, Shen Wang, Chao Wei, Zhihua Wang, Xiaolin Guo, Zhiqiang Chen, Zhangqun Ye, Shaogang Wang, Chenming Zhao
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (RLU) in the treatment of proximal ureteral stones accompanied with obstructive pyelonephritis without preoperative drainage.We retrospectively reviewed 21 cases of proximal ureteral stones with infected kidney undergoing RLU between July 2013 and September 2016. Stone-induced obstructive infected hydronephrosis was diagnosed using blood and urine tests and imaging modalities. Empirical effective broad spectrum antibiotic therapy was initiated immediately, and then urgent RLU was performed without preoperative drainage...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135930/regulation-of-chemokine-receptor-interactions-and-functions
#4
EDITORIAL
Martin J Stone
Inflammation is the body's response to injury or infection. As early as 2000 years ago, the Roman encyclopaedist Aulus Cornelius Celsus recognised four cardinal signs of this response-redness, heat, swelling and pain; a fifth sign is loss of function.[...].
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135160/-the-role-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-the-development-of-recurrent-nephrolithiasis
#5
K R Khamidullin, A M Pushkarev, A I Tarasenko, V N Pavlov
This is a literature review on the role of microbial flora in the development of recurrent urolithiasis. The authors outline pathogenetic aspects of recurrent stone formation associated bacterial flora. A number of studies reported that standard urine culture has limited sensitivity in detecting urinary tract infection.
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132521/gallbladder-dysfunction-cholecystitis-choledocholithiasis-cholangitis-and-biliary-dyskinesia
#6
REVIEW
Thad Wilkins, Edward Agabin, Jason Varghese, Asif Talukder
The prevalence of gallstones is 10% to 15% in adults. Individuals with acute cholecystitis present with right upper quadrant pain, fever, and leukocytosis. Management includes supportive care and cholecystectomy. The prevalence of choledocholithiasis is 10% to 20%, and serious complications include cholangitis and gallstone pancreatitis. The goal of management in individuals with choledocholithiasis consists of clearing common bile duct stones. Acute ascending cholangitis is a life-threatening condition involving acute inflammation and infection of the common bile duct...
December 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132116/the-outcome-of-laparoscopic-subtotal-cholecystectomy-in-difficult-cases-a-case-series
#7
Caroline Supit, Tommy Supit, Yarman Mazni, Ibrahim Basir
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy (LSC) is a widely used technique for managing cholelithiasis with severe cholecystitis. The increasing popularity its utilization is due to the good safety profile and acceptable results. This case series evaluates the short- and long-term results of Indonesian patients who underwent LSC with an objective to determine whether the procedure can be a standard approach for difficult cholecystectomy in our institution. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Thirty-four Indonesian patients (26 men, 8 women) with the mean age of 54...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120027/humanised-mouse-models-for-haematopoiesis-and-infectious-diseases
#8
Veronika Lysenko, Donal McHugh, Lena Behrmann, Mary-Aude Rochat, Christian Matthias Wilk, Larisa Kovtonyuk, Jean-Pierre Bourquin, Christian Münz, Markus Gabriel Manz, Roberto Speck, Alexandre Theocharides
"Humanised" mouse models have emerged over past years as powerful tools for investigating human haematopoiesis and immunity. They allowed the identification of key factors for the maintenance and function of normal and leukaemic human haematopoietic stem cells. These findings have been widely used to dissect the pathogenesis of multiple myeloid and lymphoid neoplasms, such as acute myeloid leukaemia and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Furthermore, these models can serve as a stepping-stone to clinical trials by testing novel drugs that target leukaemic stem cells...
November 9, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109322/self-disinfecting-alginate-vs-conventional-alginate-effect-on-surface-hardness-of-gypsum-cast-an-in-vitro-study
#9
Ranjith Madhavan, Navia George, Niharika R Thummala, S V Ravi, Ajay Nagpal
INTRODUCTION: For the construction of any dental prosthesis, accurate impressions are necessary. Hence, we undertook the present study to evaluate and compare the surface hardness of gypsum casts poured from impressions made using conventional alginate and self-disinfecting alginate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 impressions of stainless steel die were made, out of which 15 impressions were made with conventional alginate and 15 were made with self-disinfecting alginate and poured using Type III dental stone...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105846/the-role-of-two-step-eus-guided-antegrade-treatment-as-an-option-for-bile-duct-stones-in-patients-with-surgically-altered-anatomy
#10
EDITORIAL
Masaaki Shimatani, Toshiyuki Mitsuyama, Makoto Takaoka, Kazuichi Okazaki
The treatment of bile duct stones in patients with surgically altered anatomy had been difficult for management until the balloon assisted endoscope (BAE) approach was introduced. Patients had been referred to either percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) or surgical operation which were the gold standard, though they were invasive and indication was limited. For example, percutaneous drainage is relatively contraindicated in patients with significant ascites, obesity, and/or non-dilated bile duct...
November 6, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101428/composition-of-urinary-calculi-in-infants-a-report-from-an-endemic-country
#11
Mirza Naqi Zafar, Salma Ayub, Hafsa Tanwri, Syed Ali Anwar Naqvi, Syed Adibul Hasan Rizvi
Pediatric urolithiasis remains endemic in low-resource countries where infants constitute 17-40% of all children with urolithiasis. This study reports socio-economic factors, medical history and chemical composition of urinary stones in 976 infants of up to 2 years of age. Between 1992 and 2016, 976 infants presented to our institute with 1038 stones. Chemical composition of stones was analyzed by Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The mean age of infants was 19.5 ± 5.74 months with a M:F ratio of 5...
November 3, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100208/differential-exposure-and-acute-health-impacts-of-inhaled-solid-fuel-emissions-from-rudimentary-and-advanced-cookstoves-in-female-cd-1-mice
#12
Eugene A Gibbs-Flournoy, M Ian Gilmour, Mark Higuchi, James Jetter, Ingrid George, Lisa Copeland, Randy Harrison, Virginia C Moser, Janice A Dye
BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need to provide access to cleaner end user energy technologies for the nearly 40% of the world's population who currently depend on rudimentary cooking and heating systems. Advanced cookstoves (CS) are designed to cut emissions and solid-fuel consumption, thus reducing adverse human health and environmental impacts. STUDY PREMISE: We hypothesized that, compared to a traditional (Tier 0) three-stone (3-S) fire, acute inhalation of solid-fuel emissions from advanced natural-draft (ND; Tier 2) or forced-draft (FD; Tier 3) stoves would reduce exposure biomarkers and lessen pulmonary and innate immune system health effects in exposed mice...
October 31, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099036/healthcare-cost-and-utilization-before-and-after-diagnosis-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-among-patients-with-non-cystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis-in-the-u-s
#13
Christopher M Blanchette, Joshua M Noone, Glenda Stone, Emily Zacherle, Ripsi P Patel, Reuben Howden, Douglas Mapel
Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFBE) is a rare, chronic lung disease characterized by bronchial inflammation and permanent airway dilation. Chronic infections with P. aeruginosa have been linked to higher morbidity and mortality. To understand the impact of P. aeruginosa in NCFBE on health care costs and burden, we assessed healthcare costs and utilization before and after P. aeruginosa diagnosis. Using data from 2007 to 2013 PharMetrics Plus administrative claims, we included patients with ≥2 claims for bronchiectasis and >1 claim for P...
September 23, 2017: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091818/fluoride-a-review-of-pre-clinical-and-clinical-studies
#14
REVIEW
Divya Sharma, Aarti Singh, Kanika Verma, Sarvesh Paliwal, Swapnil Sharma, Jaya Dwivedi
Fluoride is ubiquitous in environment and profound in bones, teeth and calcified tissues of human body. Fluoride has been the topic of regular discussion and investigations. Besides its toxicity, fluoride has also been examined for its beneficial effects like prevention and treatment of tooth decay, microbial infection, inflammation, cancer, occurrence of renal stone and many more. Since last many decades, several efforts have been made at pre-clinical and clinical level to understand role of fluoride in biological system...
October 24, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091592/procalcitonin-and-pancreatic-stone-protein-function-as-biomarkers-in-early-diagnosis-of-pediatric-acute-osteomyelitis
#15
Chunmiao Cui, Muyong Fu, Boqian Gao
BACKGROUND High plasma levels of procalcitonin (PCT) are typically seen in children with severe bacterial infection, particularly in cases of septic shock or bacteremia. Similarly, pancreatic stone protein (PSP) is associated with inflammation, infection, and other disease-related stimuli. However, the prognostic value of PSP in critically ill pediatric patients is unknown. This study investigated the early diagnostic value of PCT and PSP in pediatric acute osteomyelitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 187 patients with suspected acute osteomyelitis and 80 healthy control children were enrolled...
November 1, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082325/endoscopic-treatment-of-intrauterine-device-migration-into-the-bladder-with-stone-formation
#16
Masayuki Sano, Kaoru Nemoto, Takafumi Miura, Yasutomo Suzuki
Background: An intrauterine device is commonly used for contraception globally. Although intrauterine device placement is an effective and safe method of contraception, migration into the bladder with stone formation is a rare and serious complication. The management approaches for an intrauterine device embedded in the bladder include endoscopic procedures and open surgical removal. In this study, we report the case of a patient with recurrent urinary tract infection associated with intrauterine device migration and urolithiasis, who successfully underwent endoscopic treatment combined with laser fragmentation...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079240/traumatic-complex-hawkins-type-iv-talar-fracture-a-case-report
#17
Jessica L Herzog, Kevin J Blue, David B Hahn, Matthew H Paden, Paul A Stone
Fracture-dislocations of the talus are one of the most complex injuries involving the foot and ankle. These injuries are often accompanied by additional traumatic orthopedic injuries, avascular necrosis, and infection. When approaching limb reconstruction and salvage, the overall prognosis and functionality of the limb are key factors to consider. In the present report, we draw attention to the importance of a multidisciplinary team approach for formulating a treatment plan that incorporates the talar injury and associated injuries or pathologic features...
November 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075296/xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-with-incomplete-double-ureter
#18
Yutaro Hayashi, Takashi Kawahara, Yusuke Hattori, Kota Shimokihara, Sohgo Tsutsumi, Daiji Takamoto, Taku Mochizuki, Jun-Ichi Teranishi, Yasushi Yumura, Yasuhide Miyoshi, Masako Otani, Hiroji Uemura
INTRODUCTION: Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is a type of chronic renal inflammation that usually occurs in immunocompromised middle-aged women with chronic urinary tract infection or ureteral obstruction induced by the formation of ureteral stones. XGP with an incomplete double ureter is extremely rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 76-year-old woman was referred to our department to undergo further examination for a left renal tumor that was detected by ultrasonography...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074880/examining-the-human-infectious-reservoir-for-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-in-areas-of-differing-transmission-intensity
#19
Bronner P Gonçalves, Melissa C Kapulu, Patrick Sawa, Wamdaogo M Guelbéogo, Alfred B Tiono, Lynn Grignard, Will Stone, Joel Hellewell, Kjerstin Lanke, Guido J H Bastiaens, John Bradley, Issa Nébié, Joyce M Ngoi, Robin Oriango, Dora Mkabili, Maureen Nyaurah, Janet Midega, Dyann F Wirth, Kevin Marsh, Thomas S Churcher, Philip Bejon, Sodiomon B Sirima, Chris Drakeley, Teun Bousema
A detailed understanding of the human infectious reservoir is essential for improving malaria transmission-reducing interventions. Here we report a multi-regional assessment of population-wide malaria transmission potential based on 1209 mosquito feeding assays in endemic areas of Burkina Faso and Kenya. Across both sites, we identified 39 infectious individuals. In high endemicity settings, infectious individuals were identifiable by research-grade microscopy (92.6%; 25/27), whilst one of three infectious individuals in the lowest endemicity setting was detected by molecular techniques alone...
October 26, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067946/can-post-operative-antibiotic-prophylaxis-following-elective-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-be-completely-done-away-with-in-the-indian-setting-a-prospective-randomised-study
#20
Vikram Singh Chauhan, P L Kariholu, Sabyasachi Saha, Himanshu Singh, Jasmine Ray
Premise and Objective: Elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has low risk for post-operative infectious complications; still most clinicians use persistent post-operative prophylactic antibiotics out of habit, tradition, or simply as defensive practice due to evolving medicolegal implications of a large number of surgeries being showcased as daycare or next day discharge procedures. This randomised prospective trial was done to test the need for such prophylaxis in cases of elective LC in a rural/semi-urban setting...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
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