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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429379/retrospective-evaluation-of-thoracic-computed-tomography-findings-in-dogs-naturally-infected-by-angiostrongylus-vasorum
#1
Mark E Coia, Gawain Hammond, Daniel Chan, Randi Drees, David Walker, Kevin Murtagh, Janine Stone, Nicholas Bexfield, Lizzie Reeve, Jenny Helm
Angiostrongylus vasorum (A. vasorum) is an important emerging disease of canidae. Cardiorespiratory signs are common in affected dogs, therefore thoracic imaging is critical for diagnosing and monitoring disease. Descriptions of thoracic computed tomography (CT) findings in dogs naturally infected with A. vasorum are currently lacking. Aims of this multicenter, retrospective study were to describe thoracic CT findings in a group of dogs with confirmed disease, determine whether any changes were consistent among dogs, and propose standardized terms for describing thoracic CT findings...
April 20, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428722/therapeutic-experience-of-289-elderly-patients-with-biliary-diseases
#2
Zong-Ming Zhang, Zhuo Liu, Li-Min Liu, Chong Zhang, Hong-Wei Yu, Bai-Jiang Wan, Hai Deng, Ming-Wen Zhu, Zi-Xu Liu, Wen-Ping Wei, Meng-Meng Song, Yue Zhao
AIM: To present clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment strategies in elderly patients with biliary diseases. METHODS: A total of 289 elderly patients with biliary diseases were enrolled in this study. The clinical data relating to these patients were collected in our hospital from June 2013 to May 2016. Patient age, disease type, coexisting diseases, laboratory examinations, surgical methods, postoperative complications and therapeutic outcomes were analyzed...
April 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426023/infection-brief-encounter-uti-triggered-by-vaginal-microbiota
#3
Louise Stone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424485/in-vivo-dynamics-of-aav-mediated-gene-delivery-to-sensory-neurons-of-the-trigeminal-ganglia
#4
Chung H Dang, Martine Aubert, Harshana S De Silva Feelixge, Kurt Diem, Michelle A Loprieno, Pavitra Roychoudhury, Daniel Stone, Keith R Jerome
The ability to genetically manipulate trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons would be useful in the study of the craniofacial nervous system and latent alphaherpesvirus infections. We investigated adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors for gene delivery to the TG after intradermal whiskerpad delivery in mice. We demonstrated that AAV vectors of serotypes 1, 7, 8, and 9 trafficked from the whiskerpad into TG neurons and expressed transgenes within cell bodies and axons of sensory neurons in all three branches of the TG...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420322/epidemiology-of-paediatric-renal-stone-disease-a-22-year-single-centre-experience-in-the-uk
#5
Naomi Issler, Stephanie Dufek, Robert Kleta, Detlef Bockenhauer, Naima Smeulders, William Van't Hoff
BACKGROUND: Whilst still rare, the incidence of paediatric stone disease is increasing in developed countries and it is important to evaluate the aetiology. We set up a dedicated renal stone service for children combining medical and surgical expertise in 1993 and now have a large case series of children to investigate the epidemiology. METHODS: A retrospective hospital note review of children presenting with kidney stones during the last 22 years (1993-2015) was conducted...
April 18, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418911/elevated-serum-level-of-pancreatic-stone-protein-regenerating-protein-psp-reg-is-observed-in-diabetic-kidney-disease
#6
Ling Li, Dongyu Jia, Rolf Graf, Jiayue Yang
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a major complication of diabetes, and serves as an important cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The role of chronic inflammation in DKD is becoming widely accepted. Pancreatic stone protein/regenerating protein (PSP/reg) is a secretory protein, which is elevated in blood during infected conditions and organ failure. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between serum PSP/reg and DKD in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). A total of 120 subjects which includes newly diagnosed T2DM patients, diabetes patients without DKD, DKD patients, as well as healthy controls were enrolled in this study...
March 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415799/the-pancreas-responds-to-remote-damage-and-systemic-stress-by-secretion-of-the-pancreatic-secretory-proteins-psp-regi-and-pap-regiii
#7
Theresia Reding, Cristian Palmiere, Clinsyjos Pazhepurackel, Marc Schiesser, Daniel Bimmler, Andrea Schlegel, Ursula Süss, Sabrina Steiner, Leandro Mancina, Gitta Seleznik, Rolf Graf
INTRODUCTION: In patients with infection and sepsis serum levels of Pancreatic Stone protein/regenerating protein I (PSP) are highly elevated. The origin of PSP during these conditions is presumably the pancreas, however, an intestinal origin cannot be excluded. Similarly, pancreatitis-associated protein (PAP) was identified in the pancreas. These proteins were also localized in intestinal organs. Here we aim to elucidate the bio-distribution of PSP and PAP in animal models of sepsis and in healthy humans...
March 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414680/a-rare-cause-of-abdominal-pain
#8
E M Dauchy, M Modica, N Masri
CASE: A 54 year old woman with hypothyroidism presented with right flank pain that began acutely one week prior to presentation. She was told initially she had a urinary tract infection and treatment resulted in mild symptomatic improvement. The pain returned and she presented to another Emergency Department (ED); and was told the pain was due to constipation. She returned to the ED the next day when her pain worsened and her labs were notable for WBC of 19,000/uL, BUN/Cr of 28/0.75 mg/dL, AST of 31 U/L, ALT of 92 U/L and total bilirubin of 0...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408734/mycophenolate-mofetil-and-pulmonary-fibrosis-after-kidney-transplantation-a-case-report
#9
Kazuhiro Takahashi, Pauline Go, Chad H Stone, Mohamed Safwan, Krishna G Putchakayala, William J Kane, Lauren E Malinzak, Dean Y Kim, Jason E Denny
BACKGROUND Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) induced lung disease has been described in only a few isolated reports. We report a case of fatal respiratory failure associated with MMF after kidney transplantation. CASE REPORT A 50-year-old Hispanic male with a history of end-stage renal disease secondary to hypertension underwent deceased donor kidney transplantation. His preoperative evaluations were normal except for a chest x-ray which showed bilateral interstitial opacities. Tacrolimus and MMF were started on the day of surgery...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403796/riboswitches-as-potential-targets-for-the-development-of-anti-biofilm-drugs
#10
José A Reyes-Darias, Tino Krell
In nature, bacteria can exist as single motile cells or as sessile cellular community, known as microbial biofilms. Bacteria within biofilms are embedded in a self-produced extracellular matrix that makes them more resistant to antibiotic treatment and responses of the host immune system. Microbial biofilms are very important in medicine since they are associated with several human diseases such as dental caries, periodontitis, otitis media, infective endocarditis, infectious kidney stones, osteomyelitis or prostatitis...
April 7, 2017: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399176/pathological-findings-in-the-red-fox-vulpes-vulpes-stone-marten-martes-foina-and-raccoon-dog-nyctereutes-procyonoides-with-special-emphasis-on-infectious-and-zoonotic-agents-in-northern-germany
#11
Charlotte Lempp, Nicole Jungwirth, Miguel L Grilo, Anja Reckendorf, Arlena Ulrich, Abbo van Neer, Rogier Bodewes, Vanessa M Pfankuche, Christian Bauer, Albert D M E Osterhaus, Wolfgang Baumgärtner, Ursula Siebert
Anthropogenic landscape changes contributed to the reduction of availability of habitats to wild animals. Hence, the presence of wild terrestrial carnivores in urban and peri-urban sites has increased considerably over the years implying an increased risk of interspecies spillover of infectious diseases and the transmission of zoonoses. The present study provides a detailed characterisation of the health status of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes), stone marten (Martes foina) and raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) in their natural rural and peri-urban habitats in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany between November 2013 and January 2016 with focus on zoonoses and infectious diseases that are potentially threatening to other wildlife or domestic animal species...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384858/antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-among-intensive-care-units-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-southern-india
#12
Kailash Moolchandani, Apurba Sankar Sastry, R Deepashree, Sujatha Sistla, B N Harish, Jharna Mandal
INTRODUCTION: Hospital Acquired Infections (HAIs) are the rising threat in the health care facilities across the globe. As most Intesive Care Unit (ICU) patients are frequently on broad spectrum antimicrobials, this induces selective antibiotic pressure which leads to development of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) among the microorganisms of ICUs. AIM: To study the occurrence of different types of HAIs in patients admitted to various ICUs of JIPMER and the AMR pattern of the bacterial pathogens isolated from them...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383768/treatment-outcomes-of-children-with-hodgkin-lymphoma-between-2000-and-2010-first-report-by-the-south-african-children-s-cancer-study-group
#13
Jennifer A Geel, Tobias C Chirwa, Biance Rowe, Katherine C Eyal, Fareed Omar, David K Stones, Yasmin Goga, D Cristina Stefan, Anel van Zyl, Barry Van Emmenes, Oloko Wedi, Manickavallie Vaithilingum, Marc G Hendricks
BACKGROUND: Children with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) have excellent survival rates in high-income countries, but there are minimal outcome data in South African patients. Differing approaches to treatment are used in centres across South Africa, and the South African Children's Cancer Study Group (SACCSG) embarked on a programme to audit outcomes to improve survival rates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicentre study was conducted to analyse outcomes and prognostic factors of children with HL in South Africa...
April 6, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382547/challenges-and-strategies-for-prevention-of-multidrug-resistant-organism-transmission-in-nursing-homes
#14
REVIEW
Ghinwa Dumyati, Nimalie D Stone, David A Nace, Christopher J Crnich, Robin L P Jump
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nursing home residents are at high risk for colonization and infection with bacterial pathogens that are multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs). We discuss challenges and potential solutions to support implementing effective infection prevention and control practices in nursing homes. RECENT FINDINGS: Challenges include a paucity of evidence that addresses MDRO transmission during the care of nursing home residents, limited staff resources in nursing homes, insufficient infection prevention education in nursing homes, and perceptions by nursing home staff that isolation and contact precautions negatively influence the well being of their residents...
April 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375803/routine-use-of-prophylactic-antibiotics-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-does-not-reduce-the-risk-of-surgical-site-infections
#15
Pinar Sarkut, Sadik Kilicturgay, Hikmet Aktas, Yilmaz Ozen, Ekrem Kaya
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the gold standard for the treatment of symptomatic gallbladder stones. As infections are rare in uncomplicated LC, it is widely accepted that prophylactic antibiotics need not be administered, and guidelines do not support routine antibiotic prophylaxis during elective LC. However, routine antibiotic prophylaxis for elective LC is still popular in many clinical settings. We investigated this situation in our department. METHOD: This randomized double-blind controlled study included 570 patients who underwent LC between March 2007 and February 2010...
April 4, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368860/gallbladder-microbiota-variability-in-colombian-gallstones-patients
#16
Ariel Antonio Arteta, Hernan Carvajal-Restrepo, Miryan Margot Sánchez-Jiménez, Sergio Diaz-Rodriguez, Nora Cardona-Castro
INTRODUCTION: Gallbladder stones are a very frequently occurring condition. Despite bile bactericidal activity, many bacteria have been detected inside the gallbladder, and gallstones facilitate their presence. Between 3% and 5% of the patients with Salmonella spp. infection develop the carrier stage, with the bacteria persisting inside the gallbladder, shedding bacteria in their feces without signs of infection. The aim of this study was to isolate bacteria from Colombian patients with gallstones, using standard culturing methods, and to identify Salmonella spp...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363526/a-randomised-double-blind-phase-3-study-comparing-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-ceftazidime-avibactam-plus-metronidazole-versus-meropenem-for-complicated-intra-abdominal-infections-in-hospitalised-adults-in-asia
#17
Xinyu Qin, Binh Giang Tran, Min Ja Kim, Lie Wang, Dung Anh Nguyen, Qian Chen, Jie Song, Peter J Laud, Gregory G Stone, Joseph W Chow
Ceftazidime/avibactam comprises the broad-spectrum cephalosporin ceftazidime and the non-β-lactam β-lactamase inhibitor avibactam. This phase 3, randomised, double-blind study (NCT01726023) assessed the efficacy and safety of ceftazidime/avibactam plus metronidazole compared with meropenem in patients with complicated intra-abdominal infection (cIAI) in Asian countries. Subjects aged 18-90 years and hospitalised with cIAI requiring surgical intervention were randomised 1:1 to receive every 8 h either: ceftazidime/avibactam (2000/500 mg, 2-h infusion) followed by metronidazole (500 mg, 60-min infusion); or meropenem (1000 mg, 30-min infusion)...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355093/a-multi-institutional-study-of-struvite-stones-patterns-of-infection-and-colonization
#18
Egor Parkhomenko, Adam De Fazio, Timothy Tran, Julie Thai, Kyle Blum, Mantu Gupta
OBJECTIVE: To examine urine and stone bacteriology of struvite stone formers in a large cohort of patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1191 patients, with stone and urine cultures, treated with PCNL for renal calculi were included in the study. Statistical differences were assessed using Mann-Whitney U and T-tests. RESULTS: Stone cultures were positive in 72% of patients with struvite stones...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352029/the-mystery-of-the-nonfunctioning-catheter-an-unusual-complication-of-peritoneal-dialysis-outflow-failure
#19
Pramod K Guru, Beth Piraino
Noninfectious complications of peritoneal dialysis (PD) remain an important impediment to successful implementation of PD. Rare noninfectious complications of the PD catheter are sparsely reported. We report an unusual complication of outflow failure due to a peritoneal catheter that separated into two distinct intra-abdominal segments, due to an unusual method of placement in which two catheters were connected to make a long intra-abdominal portion to permit a high exit site on the abdominal wall. The application of this unusual rather a unique technique led to separation of the two catheter portions and the outflow failure shortly after the patient started continuous ambulatory PD...
March 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348941/cutting-the-stone-health-defined-in-the-era-of-value-based-care
#20
REVIEW
Ger Rijkers
The immune system contributes to the maintenance of health by preventing and limiting the clinical consequences of infections by pathogenic microorganisms. During the evolution of Homo sapiens, those with the fittest immune system survived. The immune system of Homo sapiens was further improved and adapted by admixture with Neanderthal genes. Nowadays, the human immune system provides adequate protection against the majority of infections. For some 20 infectious diseases, the immune system needs to be improved by vaccination...
February 10, 2017: Curēus
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