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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783970/risk-factors-for-urinary-tract-infection-in-patients-with-urolithiasis-primary-report-of-a-single-center-cohort
#1
Li Yongzhi, Yan Shi, Liu Jia, Liu Yili, Zhu Xingwang, Gong Xue
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is very common in patients with urolithiasis, which makes the treatment of urolithiasis complicated, even dangerous. The objective of this study was to determine the risk factors for UTI in patients with urolithiasis. METHODS: Eight hundred six patients with urolithiasis were retrospectively evaluated in the fourth affiliated hospital of China Medical University. All patients admitted to the study were divided into either a UTI infection group or a non-infection group...
May 21, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783026/a-prolonged-and-large-outbreak-of-invasive-group-a-streptococcal-disease-within-a-nursing-home-repeated-intra-facility-transmission-of-a-single-strain
#2
S A Nanduri, B J Metcalf, M A Arwady, C Edens, M A Lavin, J Morgan, W Clegg, A Beron, J P Albertson, R Link-Gelles, A Ogundimu, J Gold, D Jackson, S Chochua, N Stone, C Van Beneden, K Fleming-Dutra, B Beall
OBJECTIVES: Multiple invasive group A streptococcal (GAS) infections were reported to public health by a skilled nursing facility (Facility A) in Illinois between May 2014 and August 2016. Cases continued despite interventions including antibiotic prophylaxis for all residents and staff. Two other geographically close facilities reported contemporaneous outbreaks of GAS. We investigated potential reasons for ongoing transmission. METHODS: We obtained epidemiologic data from chart review of cases and review of facility and public health records from previous investigations into the outbreak...
May 18, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779995/factors-predicting-postoperative-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-following-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-prepubertal-children
#3
Onur Kaygısız, Nihat Satar, Ali Güneş, Hasan Serkan Doğan, Ahmet Erözenci, Ender Özden, Mehmet Mesut Pişkin, Deniz Demirci, Serdar Toksöz, Tufan Çiçek, Serhat Gürocak, Hakan Kılıçarslan, Oktay Nazlı, Aykut Kefi, Volkan İzol, Ali Beytur, Şaban Sarıkaya, Serdar Tekgül, Bülent Önal
BACKGROUND: Predictive tables and scoring systems can predict stone clearance. However, there is a paucity of evidence regarding the prediction of complications during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), particularly in children, which remains under-researched. To our knowledge, no studies have evaluated the risk factors for febrile urinary tract infection (FUTI) after pediatric PCNL. OBJECTIVES: To assess the predictive factors of FUTI in prepubertal children after PCNL and determine whether any prophylactic cephalosporins are superior for decreasing the FUTI rate...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775647/exposure-to-imipenem-cilastatin-causes-nephrotoxicity-and-even-urolithiasis-in-wistar-rats
#4
Amal Tahri, Amina Lahyani, Rim Kallel, Fatma Ayadi, Tahia Boudawara, Zouheir Sahnoun
Imipenem/cilastatin is a broad-spectrum β-lactam antibiotic used to treat several bacterial infections. The present study was designed to validate the nephrotoxic effect of this drug in rats and to explore its potentional urolithiatic effect. Thirty two Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: three experimental groups treated with different imipenem/cilastatin dosages (30, 50 and 80 mg/kg/day) and a control group.The experimental groups were given intraperitoneal imipenem/cilastatin injections twice daily for 7 days, and the control group was given intraperitoneal vehicle NaCl 0...
May 17, 2018: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775211/proanthocyanidins-will-they-effectively-restrain-conspicuous-bacterial-strains-devolving-on-urinary-tract-infection
#5
REVIEW
Venkataseshan Jagannathan, Pragasam Viswanathan
Struvite or infection stones are one of the major clinical burdens among urinary tract infection, which occur due to the interaction between microbes and urine mineral components. Numerous urinary tract infection (UTI) causing microbes regulate through biofilm formation for survival from host defense, it is often found difficult in its eradication with simple anti-microbial agents and also the chance of recurrence and resistance development is significantly high. Cranberry consumption and maintenance of urinary tract health have been supported by clinical, epidemiological, and mechanistic studies...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774812/robot-assisted-simple-prostatectomy-by-an-extraperitoneal-approach
#6
Jens-Uwe Stolzenburg, Panagiotis Kallidonis, Iason Kyriazis, Dimitrios Kotsiris, Panteleimon Ntasiotis, Evangelos N Liatsikos
The incidence of symptomatic benign prostate hyperplasia and bladder outlet obstruction has increased during the last two decades. Most of men are treated conservatively. When medical therapy is inadequate to relief symptoms, surgical treatment is necessary. Absolute indications for surgical treatment are gross hematuria, recurrent urinary infections and retentions as well as bladder stones. With advent of minimally invasive surgery, large prostates tend to be treated either endoscopically or laparoscopically (including robotic assistance)...
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773014/investigations-of-phytochemical-constituents-and-their-pharmacological-properties-isolated-from-the-genus-urtica-critical-review-and-analysis
#7
Muhammad Ibrahim, Kanwal Rehman, Aneeza Razzaq, Iqbal Hussain, Tahir Farooq, Amjad Hussain, Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash
The genus Urtica belongs to the family Urticaceae. The plants of this genus are known as nettles or, quite often, as stinging nettles. These plants can be easily identified by the presence of stinging hairs. Urtica species have previously been used for various medicinal purposes. The history for the use of these plants for medicinal purposes starts from the Bronze Age (3000-2000 BC). Medicinally, the genus Urtica has been used to treat several disorders, such as cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, bronchitis, diarrhea, sprains, kidney stones, urinary tract infection, high blood pressure, hemorrhoids, flu, cough, fever, and ulcers...
2018: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772114/effect-of-highly-concentrated-hyaluronic-acid-chondroitin-sulfate-instillation-on-ureteral-stent-induced-discomfort-after-ureteroscopic-lithotripsy-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#8
Jung Ki Jo, Jae Heon Kim, Kyu Shik Kim, Jae Hoon Chung, Sung Yul Park, Yong Tae Kim, Hong Yong Choi, Eun-Seop Song, Bora Lee, Seung Wook Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of instilling highly concentrated hyaluronic acid (HA)/chondroitin sulfate (CS) on the ureteral stent-related pain, urinary symptoms, and quality of life (QoL) of patients who underwent ureteroscopic lithotripsy for ureter stones followed by ureteral stent placement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible patients were randomly allocated to receive intravesical instillation with HA/CS or normal saline just after ureteral stent placement...
May 17, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768470/integrative-omics-to-detect-bacteremia-in-patients-with-febrile-neutropenia
#9
Rachel S Kelly, Jessica Lasky-Su, Sai-Ching J Yeung, Richard M Stone, Jeffrey M Caterino, Sean C Hagan, Gary H Lyman, Lindsey R Baden, Brett E Glotzbecker, Christopher J Coyne, Christopher W Baugh, Daniel J Pallin
BACKGROUND: Cancer chemotherapy-associated febrile neutropenia (FN) is a common condition that is deadly when bacteremia is present. Detection of bacteremia depends on culture, which takes days, and no accurate predictive tools applicable to the initial evaluation are available. We utilized metabolomics and transcriptomics to develop multivariable predictors of bacteremia among FN patients. METHODS: We classified emergency department patients with FN and no apparent infection at presentation as bacteremic (cases) or not (controls), according to blood culture results...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761226/renal-stone-composition-does-not-affect-the-outcome-of-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-children
#10
Onur Kaygısız, Fethi Ahmet Türegün, Nihat Satar, Ender Özen, Serdar Toksöz, Hasan Serkan Doğan, Mehmet Mesut Pişkin, Volkan İzol, Şaban Sarıkaya, Hakan Kılıçarslan, Tufan Çiçek, Ahmet Öztürk, Serdar Tekgül, Bülent Önal
PURPOSE: We sought to investigate the association between renal stone composition and percutaneous nephrolithotomy outcomes in pediatric patients and define the characterization of the stone composition. METHODS: The data of 1157 children who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy between 1991 and 2012 were retrieved from the multicenter database of the Turkish Pediatric Urology Society. The study population comprised 359 children (160 girls, 199 boys) with stone analyses...
May 14, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754884/circulating-salivary-mirna-hsa-mir-221-as-clinically-validated-diagnostic-marker-for-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-in-pediatric-patients
#11
Nyo Min, Previtha Dawn Sakthi Vale, Anng Anng Wong, Natalie Woon Hui Tan, Chia Yin Chong, Chih-Jung Chen, Robert Y L Wang, Justin Jang Hann Chu
Enhancements in the diagnostic capabilities using host biomarkers are currently much needed where sensitivity and specificity issues plague the diagnosis of Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) in pediatrics clinical samples. We investigated miRNome profiles of HFMD saliva samples against healthy children and developed miRNA-based diagnosis models. Our 6-miRNA scoring model predicted HFMD with an overall accuracy of 85.11% in the training set and 92.86% in the blinded test set of Singapore cohort. Blinded evaluation of the model in Taiwan HFMD cases resulted in 77...
May 10, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748329/oral-antibiotic-exposure-and-kidney-stone-disease
#12
Gregory E Tasian, Thomas Jemielita, David S Goldfarb, Lawrence Copelovitch, Jeffrey S Gerber, Qufei Wu, Michelle R Denburg
Background Although intestinal and urinary microbiome perturbations are associated with nephrolithiasis, whether antibiotics are a risk factor for this condition remains unknown. Methods We determined the association between 12 classes of oral antibiotics and nephrolithiasis in a population-based, case-control study nested within 641 general practices providing electronic health record data for >13 million children and adults from 1994 to 2015 in the United Kingdom. We used incidence density sampling to match 25,981 patients with nephrolithiasis to 259,797 controls by age, sex, and practice at date of diagnosis (index date)...
May 10, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748104/stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-a-rare-case-of-osteomyelitis-after-an-open-distal-tibial-fracture
#13
Edward J Chesnutis, Alan Ng, Dustin Kruse, Paul A Stone
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a gram-negative rod rarely associated with osteomyelitis. To date, only 3 cases of osteomyelitis due to this pathogen have been previously referenced. We describe the case of a 77-year-old male who developed osteomyelitis secondary to S. maltophilia infection after an open distal tibial fracture sustained by falling off a ladder. The purpose of the present case report was to highlight this highly resistant microbe as an infectious etiology.
May 7, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747234/laparoscopic-nephrectomy-in-a-patient-with-severe-scoliosis-a-case-report
#14
Daichi Tamura, Ayato Ito, Daichi Kikuchi, Takashi Tsuyukubo, Renpei Kato, Yoichiro Kato, Susumu Konari, So Omori, Wataru Obara
Although the role of laparoscopic nephrectomy (LN) has been established, few studies have reported cases of LN in individuals with scoliosis. Here we report a case of right LN in a patient with severe right convex scoliosis. A 26-year-old man presented with a fever. His medical history comprised severe right convex lumbar scoliosis. CT revealed right hydronephrosis and right kidney stones. Pyelonephritis requiring nephrectomy was diagnosed. Right LN was feasible with elaborate perioperative care. The postoperative course was uneventful with no relapse of urinary tract infection...
May 10, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743893/children-under-five-from-houses-of-unclean-fuel-sources-and-poorly-ventilated-houses-have-higher-odds-of-suffering-from-acute-respiratory-infection-in-wolaita-sodo-southern-ethiopia-a-case-control-study
#15
Amha Admasie, Abera Kumie, Alemayehu Worku
Background: Acute respiratory tract infection is the most common illness in childhood. Ninety-five percent (99% of rural and 80% of urban) of households in Ethiopia primarily use solid fuel for cooking. This study investigated the effect of household fuel use and house ventilation on acute respiratory infection in children, Wolaita-Sodo, Southern Ethiopia. Methods: A community based case-control study design was used, covering a sample of 1144 children with ratio of 1 : 3 (286 cases and 858 controls) aged between 0 and 59 months...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737954/-90-y-radioembolization-for-hepatic-malignancy-in-patients-with-previous-biliary-intervention-multicenter-analysis-of-hepatobiliary-infections
#16
Kavi K Devulapalli, Nicholas Fidelman, Michael C Soulen, Matthew Miller, Matthew S Johnson, Eric Addo, Ghassan El-Haddad, Charles Nutting, James Morrison, Khashayar Farsad, R Peter Lokken, Ron C Gaba, Jacob Fleming, Daniel B Brown, Sharon W Kwan, Steven C Rose, Kevin A Pennycooke, David M Liu, Sarah B White, Ripal Gandhi, Ann A Lazar, Robert K Kerlan
Purpose To determine the frequency of hepatobiliary infections after transarterial radioembolization (TARE) with yttrium 90 (90 Y) in patients with liver malignancy and a history of biliary intervention. Materials and Methods For this retrospective study, records of all consecutive patients with liver malignancy and history of biliary intervention treated with TARE at 14 centers between 2005 and 2015 were reviewed. Data regarding liver function, 90 Y dosimetry, antibiotic prophylaxis, and bowel preparation prophylaxis were collected...
May 8, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733679/infant-viral-respiratory-infection-nasal-immune-response-patterns-and-their-association-with-subsequent-childhood-recurrent-wheeze
#17
Kedir N Turi, Jyoti Shankar, Larry J Anderson, Devi Rajan, Kelsey Gaston, Tebeb Gebretsadik, Suman R Das, Cosby Stone, Emma K Larkin, Christian Rosas-Salazar, Steven M Brunwasser, Martin L Moore, R Stokes Peebles, Tina V Hartert
RATIONALE: Recurrent wheeze and asthma are thought to result from alterations in early life immune development following RSV infection, however, prior studies of the nasal immune-response to infection have assessed only individual cytokines, which doesn't capture the whole spectrum of response to infection. OBJECTIVE: To identify nasal immune phenotypes in response to RSV infection and their association with recurrent wheeze. METHODS: A birth cohort of term healthy infants born June-December were recruited and followed to capture the first infant RSV infection...
May 7, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732217/comparison-of-cold-knife-optical-internal-urethrotomy-and-holmium-yag-laser-internal-urethrotomy-in-bulbar-urethral-strictures
#18
Mustafa Gurkan Yenice, Kamil Gokhan Seker, Emre Sam, Yunus Colakoglu, Feyzi Arda Atar, Selcuk Sahin, Abdulmuttalip Simsek, Volkan Tugcu
Introduction: To compare the results of cold-knife optical internal urethrotomy (OIU) and Holmium:YAG laser internal urethrotomy (HIU) in primary bulbar urethral strictures. Material and methods: A total of 63 patients diagnosed with primary bulbar urethral stricture between August 2014 and September 2015 were assigned to the OIU (n = 29) and HIU (n = 34) groups. The demographic variables, biochemistry panels, and preoperative and postoperative uroflowmetry results including the maximum flow rate (Qmax) and mean flow rate (Qmean) values, retrograde urethrography, and diagnostic flexible urethroscopy findings were recorded prospectively...
2018: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710407/distribution-and-prevalence-of-myxobolus-cerebralis-in-postfire-areas-of-plumas-national-forest-utility-of-environmental-dna-sampling
#19
Christine A Richey, Kirsten V Kenelty, Kristina Van Stone Hopkins, Brittany N Stevens, Beatriz Martínez-López, Samantha M Barnum, Sascha L Hallett, Stephen D Atkinson, Jerri L Bartholomew, Esteban Soto
Myxobolus cerebralis is a myxozoan parasite and the etiological agent of whirling disease in salmonids. The parasite's life cycle involves waterborne spores and requires both a salmonid fish and the benthic freshwater oligochaete worm Tubifex tubifex (Oligochaeta: Tubificidae). Wildfires can lead to the erosion of fine sediments into stream channels and have been implicated as promoting environmental conditions that are suitable for the survival and success of T. tubifex, whose presence in turn can affect the prevalence of M...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703637/a-research-agenda-for-infection-prevention-in-home-healthcare
#20
Jingjing Shang, Andrew W Dick, Elaine L Larson, Patricia W Stone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
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