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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912938/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-lowering-blood-lipid-levels-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#1
REVIEW
Paul Posadzki, Abdullah M N AlBedah, Mohamed M K Khalil, Meshari S AlQaed
BACKGROUND: The aim of this article is to summarize and critically evaluate the evidence from systematic reviews (SRs) of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for lowering blood lipid levels (BLL). METHODS: Eight electronic databases were searched until March 2016. Additionally, all the retrieved references were inspected manually for further relevant papers. Systematic reviews were considered eligible, if they included patients of any age and/or gender with elevated blood lipid levels using any type of CAM...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911167/recommendations-for-a-nomenclature-system-for-reporting-methylation-aberrations-in-imprinted-domains
#2
David Monk, Joannella Morales, Johan T den Dunnen, Silvia Russo, Franck Court, Dirk Prawitt, Thomas Eggermann, Jasmin Beygo, Karin Buiting, Zeynep Tümer
The analysis of DNA methylation has become routine in the pipeline for diagnosis of imprinting disorders, with many publications reporting aberrant methylation associated with imprinted differentially methylated regions (DMRs). However, comparisons between these studies are routinely hampered by the lack of consistency in reporting sites of methylation evaluated. To avoid confusion surrounding nomenclature, special care is needed to communicate results accurately, especially between scientists and other health care professionals...
December 2, 2016: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910808/magnesium-and-depression
#3
Anna Serefko, Aleksandra Szopa, Ewa Poleszak
Magnesium is one of the most important elements in the human body and is involved in a number of biochemical processes crucial for the proper functioning of the cardiovascular, alimentary, endocrine, and osteoarticular systems. It also plays a vital modulatory role in brain biochemistry, influencing several neurotransmission pathways associated with the development of depression. Personality changes, including apathy, depression, agitation, confusion, anxiety, and delirium are observed when there is a deficiency of this element...
March 1, 2016: Magnesium Research: Official Organ of the International Society for the Development of Research on Magnesium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909417/defining-contemplative-science-the-metacognitive-self-regulatory-capacity-of-the-mind-context-of-meditation-practice-and-modes-of-existential-awareness
#4
Dusana Dorjee
The term 'contemplative' is now frequently used in the fast growing field of meditation research. Yet, there is no consensus regarding the definition of contemplative science. Meditation studies commonly imply that contemplative practices such as mindfulness or compassion are the subject of contemplative science. Such approach, arguably, contributes to terminological confusions in the field, is not conducive to the development of an overarching theory in contemplative science, and overshadows its unique methodological features...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909222/associations-between-environmental-factors-and-hospital-admissions-for-sickle-cell-disease
#5
Frédéric B Piel, Sanjay Tewari, Valentine Brousse, Antonis Analitis, Anna Font, Stephan Menzel, Subarna Chakravorty, Swee Lay Thein, Baba Inusa, Paul Telfer, Marianne de Montalembert, Gary W Fuller, Klea Katsouyanni, David C Rees
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an increasing global health burden. This inherited disease is characterised by a remarkable phenotypic heterogeneity, which can only partly be explained by genetic factors. Environmental factors are likely to play an important role but studies of their impact on disease severity are limited and their results are often inconsistent. This study investigated associations between a range of environmental factors and hospital admissions of young patients with SCD in London and in Paris between 2008 and 2012...
December 1, 2016: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909117/when-is-the-ideal-time-to-operate-on-a-patient-with-a-fracture-of-the-hip-a-review-of-the-available-literature
#6
REVIEW
P M Lewis, J P Waddell
Fractures of the hip are common, often occurring in frail elderly patients, but also in younger fit healthy patients following trauma. They have a significant associated mortality and major social and financial implications to patients and health care providers. Many guidelines are available for the management of these patients, mostly recommending early surgery for the best outcomes. As a result, healthcare authorities now put pressure on surgical teams to 'fast track' patients with a fracture of the hip, often misquoting the available literature, which in itself can be confusing and even conflicting...
December 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908322/-traumatic-bilateral-posterior-shoulder-dislocation-after-a-seizure
#7
Mazaher Azizpour, Peter Anton Suder, Rebekka Fonnesbæk
We report a rare case in which a 52-year-old man was found lying on the floor of a sauna. He was confused and complained of pain in both shoulders. He had previously had surgery of a benign meningioma. The initial X-ray examination of both shoulders showed bilateral posterior shoulder dislocation, but no fractures were detected. An attempt to reposition the shoulder dislocation was performed but with no success. Intraoperative examination on the next day detected bilateral fractures with partially destroyed joint head...
November 28, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907965/movement-disorders-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#8
Sara M Schaefer, Rezvan Rostami, David M Greer
Movement disorders are common; yet to those without subspecialty experience they can be difficult to recognize, categorize, and manage. Although most frequently encountered in an outpatient setting, patients with movement disorders are commonly hospitalized and often admitted to the intensive care unit, leading to possible confusion about their proper care. In addition, movement disorders can arise in critical care settings for several reasons, including medication side effects, substance withdrawal, or development of a new syndrome...
December 2016: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907808/models-that-allow-us-to-perceive-the-world-more-accurately-also-allow-us-to-remember-past-events-more-accurately-via-differentiation
#9
Aslı Kılıç, Amy H Criss, Kenneth J Malmberg, Richard M Shiffrin
Differentiation is a theory that originally emerged from the perception literature and proposes that with experience, the representation of stimuli becomes more distinct from or less similar to the representation of other stimuli. In recent years, the role of differentiation has played a critical role in models of memory. Differentiation mechanisms have been implemented in episodic memory models by assuming that information about new experiences with a stimulus in a particular context accumulates in a single memory trace and these updated memory traces become more distinct from the representations of other stimuli...
November 28, 2016: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906933/anterior-cingulotomy-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-intractable-pain-a-systematic-review
#10
Justin Sharim, Nader Pouratian
BACKGROUND: Anterior cingulotomy for chronic pain aims to modulate patients' attention or emotional reaction to pain rather than to modulate pain intensity. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical efficacy, both short- and long-term, of anterior cingulotomy in the treatment of chronic pain. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING: This systematic review assessed studies reporting anterior cingulotomy for the treatment of chronic pain...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905813/family-violence-prevention-and-services-programs-final-rule
#11
(no author information available yet)
This rule will better prevent and protect survivors of family violence, domestic violence, and dating violence, by clarifying that all survivors must have access to services and programs funded under the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act. More specifically, the rule enhances accessibility and non-discrimination provisions, clarifies confidentiality rules, promotes coordination among community-based organizations, State Domestic Violence Coalitions, States, and Tribes, as well as incorporates new discretionary grant programs...
November 2, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905352/-future-perspective-of-pharmacoepidemiology-in-the-big-data-era-and-the-growth-of-information-sources
#12
Diego Macías Saint-Gerons, César de la Fuente Honrubia, Fernando de Andrés Trelles, Ferrán Catalá-López Catalá-López
The arrival of new drug into the market requires many years of previous research along with the need of continuous evaluation throughout the lifetime of the drug. This warrants pharmacoepidemiological research which may be defined as the study of the use and the effects of drugs in large populations. Nowadays this type of research seems more feasible thanks to the massive expansion of the information sources and data (e.g: clinical patient registries, electronic medical records). However there is a risk of information overload, fragmented evidence and given the enthusiasm aroused by the "Big Data", it must be emphasized that its nature is mainly observational, and therefore subject to bias and confusion...
December 1, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905289/cerebral-alveolar-echinococcosis-concomitant-with-liver-and-lung-lesions-in-a-young-adult-patient-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Osman Ersegun Batçık, Ahmet Öğrenci, Orkun Koban, Murat Şakir Ekşi, Turgay Bilge
We present the case of a 25-year-old male harboring multiple brain lesions mimicking tumor metastasis that were revealed to be caused by Echinococcus multilocularis. Cerebral echinococcosis with multiple lesions is rare and might be confused with a brain abscess, tuberculoma, or metastatic tumor disease. Brain magnetic resonance imaging and serological studies are helpful in the differential diagnosis. In case of E. multilocularis, cerebral invasion is the late stage of the disease that necessitates an aggressive treatment protocol...
September 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905264/biotin-thiamine-responsive-basal-ganglia-disease-catastrophic-consequences-of-delay-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#14
Hussein Algahtani, Saeed Ghamdi, Bader Shirah, Bader Alharbi, Raghad Algahtani, Abdulrahman Bazaid
BACKGROUND: Biotin-thiamine-responsive basal ganglia disease (BTBGD) is an autosomal recessive neurometabolic disorder caused by mutations in the SLC19A3 gene. The disease is characterized by subacute encephalopathy with confusion, dysphagia, dysarthria, and seizures. METHODS: We diagnosed a family affected by BTBGD and studied them including prognosis of cases when diagnosed and treated early in the disease process. We also review the literature comprehensively and summarize all published data about this disorder...
December 1, 2016: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904174/on-the-history-of-classification-in-dermatology
#15
Amiya Kumar Mukhopadhyay
Since the early days of cutaneous medicine, naming of the entities had remained a confusing subject. Earlier texts of all ancient civilisations are almost similar in this topic The Biblical controversy regarding the actual translational meaning of the original Hebrew term Zara 'at has become a centre of controversy amongst many research scholars of the medical history. Similar debate exists about the Ayurvedic term Kustha---- whether it meant leprosy or stood for a number of skin affliction is a matter of controversy...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903490/can-a-free-wearable-activity-tracker-change-behavior-the-impact-of-trackers-on-adults-in-a-physician-led-wellness-group
#16
Lisa Gualtieri, Sandra Rosenbluth, Jeffrey Phillips
BACKGROUND: Wearable activity trackers (trackers) are increasingly popular devices used to track step count and other health indicators. Trackers have the potential to benefit those in need of increased physical activity, such as adults who are older and face significant health challenges. These populations are least likely to purchase trackers and most likely to face challenges in using them, yet may derive educational, motivational, and health benefits from their use once these barriers are removed...
November 30, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902180/phylogenomic-analysis-of-the-family-peptostreptococcaceae-clostridium-cluster-xi-and-proposal-for-reclassification-of-clostridium-litorale-fendrich-et-al-1991-and-eubacterium-acidaminophilum-zindel-et-al-1989-as-peptoclostridium-litorale-gen-nov-comb-nov-and
#17
Michael Y Galperin, Vyacheslav Brover, Igor Tolstoy, Natalya Yutin
In 1994, analyses of clostridial 16S rRNA gene sequences led to the assignment of 18 species to Clostridium cluster XI, separating them from Clostridium sensu stricto (Clostridium cluster I). Subsequently, most cluster XI species have been assigned to the family Peptostreptococcaceae; some of them have been reassigned to new genera. However, several Clostridium species were left with their old names, creating a taxonomic conundrum and confusion regarding their status. Here, we have re-examined the phylogeny of cluster XI species by comparing the 16S rRNA gene-based trees with protein- and genome-based trees, where available...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901127/gap-shape-classification-using-landscape-indices-and-multivariate-statistics
#18
Chih-Da Wu, Chi-Chuan Cheng, Che-Chang Chang, Chinsu Lin, Kun-Cheng Chang, Yung-Chung Chuang
This study proposed a novel methodology to classify the shape of gaps using landscape indices and multivariate statistics. Patch-level indices were used to collect the qualified shape and spatial configuration characteristics for canopy gaps in the Lienhuachih Experimental Forest in Taiwan in 1998 and 2002. Non-hierarchical cluster analysis was used to assess the optimal number of gap clusters and canonical discriminant analysis was used to generate the discriminant functions for canopy gap classification. The gaps for the two periods were optimally classified into three categories...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900905/care-homes-join-the-space-programme
#19
Anne Horner
Imagine you are wandering along a corridor that seems vaguely familiar. You pass blue doors with photographs stuck on them, but you are confused. You know you were looking for something.
November 30, 2016: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900531/accidental-cannabis-poisoning-in-the-elderly
#20
Anja Zupan Mežnar, Miran Brvar, Gregor Kralj, Dragan Kovačič
There are two main varieties of Cannabis sativa plant, namely, hemp which is cultivated for fiber and seeds and contains low amounts of psychoactive cannabinoids and the other which is cultivated for the drug cannabis or marijuana. Increasing popularity of hemp food products and alleged beneficial effects of cannabinoids in the drug variety of cannabis might lead to confusion in the lay population and unintentional ingestion of marijuana, as described in this case report. During a workshop on the use of hemp for medicinal purposes, there was a degustation of various hemp food products including also cookies that were brought by one of the attendees...
November 29, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
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