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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449308/a-qualitative-study-of-the-knowledge-behaviour-and-attitudes-of-patients-with-skin-cancer-regarding-sunlight-exposure-and-vitamin-d
#1
D Rutkowski, M D Farrar, J E Osman, A R Webb, L E Rhodes
BACKGROUND: Solar UVR is a major cause of skin cancer but also an important source of vitamin D (VitD), essential for musculoskeletal health. Conflicting public health messages may confuse skin cancer patients prone to further skin cancer. OBJECTIVE: To explore the knowledge, behaviour and attitudes of skin cancer patients to sunlight exposure and VitD sources. METHODS: Patients (n=10) previously treated for multiple basal cell cancer in a hospital setting, participated in focus group sessions with semi-structured discussions to explore: knowledge of VitD, sun-avoidance behaviour, and attitude towards sunlight exposure messages...
April 27, 2017: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447824/correction-to-kuhn-et-al-2017
#2
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Similar Representations of Emotions Across Faces and Voices" by Lisa Katharina Kuhn, Taeko Wydell, Nadine Lavan, Carolyn McGettigan and Lúcia Garrido (Emotion, Advanced Online Publication, Mar 02, 2017, np). (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-09406-001.) Emotions are a vital component of social communication, carried across a range of modalities and via different perceptual signals such as specific muscle contractions in the face and in the upper respiratory system...
April 27, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447347/abundance-of-the-benign-melanocytic-universe-dermoscopic-histopathological-correlation-in-nevi
#3
REVIEW
Nora Woltsche, Karin Schmid-Zalaudek, Teresa Deinlein, Katrin Rammel, Rainer Hofmann-Wellenhof, Iris Zalaudek
The broad universe of "melanocytic nevi" includes a variety of different subtypes, which can be classified either due to their morphology, epidemiology, genetic alterations or risk for developing melanoma. Regarding morphology, on the one hand macroscopic/clinical and on the other hand histopathological appearance were used to subdivide in the past, often resulting in confusion and poor interobserver agreement, while nowadays dermoscopy presents the clinician's precious bridge between naked-eye examination and histopathological diagnostics, allowing prediction of the lesions' histopathology, follow up and monitoring over time without need of excision...
May 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447331/understanding-action-and-adventure-sports-participation-an-ecological-dynamics-perspective
#4
Tuomas Immonen, Eric Brymer, Dominic Orth, Keith Davids, Francesco Feletti, Jarmo Liukkonen, Timo Jaakkola
Previous research has considered action and adventure sports using a variety of associated terms and definitions which has led to confusing discourse and contradictory research findings. Traditional narratives have typically considered participation exclusively as the pastime of young people with abnormal characteristics or personalities having unhealthy and pathological tendencies to take risks because of the need for thrill, excitement or an adrenaline 'rush'. Conversely, recent research has linked even the most extreme forms of action and adventure sports to positive physical and psychological health and well-being outcomes...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447155/fine-tuned-evaluation-of-olfactory-function-in-patients-operated-for-nasal-polyposis
#5
Marie-Hortense Sonnet, Duc Trung Nguyen, Phi-Linh Nguyen-Thi, Fabien Arous, Roger Jankowski, Cécile Rumeau
Given the forced-choice procedure of the identification test, patients with profound anosmia are more likely to have higher identification scores by chance than patients with hyposmia or normosmia. This may be a confusing factor when assessing the sense of smell, which alters the appreciation of real olfaction improvement. The aim of this study was to fine-tune the results of the identification Sniffin' Sticks test before and 6 weeks after surgery using the real identification score. A total of 133 patients underwent the Identification (I) and Threshold (T) tests the day before and 6 weeks after nasalization surgery...
April 26, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446983/thoracic-sympathectomy-for-hyperhidrosis-from-surgical-indications-to-clinical-results
#6
REVIEW
Fernando Vannucci, José Augusto Araújo
Sympathectomy and its variations have been performed in thoracic surgery for more than 100 years. However, its indications have undergone profound modifications in this period. Likewise, since then the surgical technique has also evolved dramatically up to the minimally invasive techniques worldwide accessible in present days. Currently, primary hyperhidrosis is, by far, the main indication for thoracic sympathectomy and this procedure is usually carried out thoracoscopically with excellent results. However, until today, hyperhidrosis is a part of thoracic surgery still surrounded by controversy, persisting as an open field over which some confusion still resides regarding its pathophysiology, terms definitions and operative approaches...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446838/visual-functions-of-workers-exposed-to-organic-solvents-in-petrochemical-industries
#7
R Indhushree, R Monica, K Coral, Narayanasamy Angayarkanni, R Punitham, B M Subburathinam, R Krishnakumar, P P Santanam
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the visual functions of workers exposed to organic solvents in petrochemical industries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty workers from the petroleum refinery and 30 age-matched controls (mean age) were recruited. Visual functions and occupational exposure levels were assessed among both the groups. Visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, color vision, and visual fields were evaluated at the workplace. The biological samples, namely blood and urine, were collected at the workplace and transported to the laboratory for analysis...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446675/comparative-genomics-of-chrysochromulina-ericina-virus-cev-and-other-microalgae-infecting-large-dna-viruses-highlight-their-intricate-evolutionary-relationship-with-the-established-mimiviridae-family
#8
Lucie Gallot-Lavallee, Guillaume Blanc, Jean-Michel Claverie
Chrysochromulina Ericina Virus CeV-01B (CeV) was isolated from Norwegian coastal waters in 1998. Its icosahedral particle is 160 nm in diameter and encloses a 474-kb dsDNA genome. This virus, although infecting a microalgae (the haptophyceae Haptolina ericina, formerly Chrysochromulina ericina), is phylogenetically related to members of the Mimiviridae family, initially established with the acanthamoeba-infecting Mimivirus and Megavirus as prototypes. This family was latter split into two genera (Mimivirus and Cafetariavirus) following the characterization of a virus infecting the heterotrophic stramenopile Cafeteria roenbergensis (CroV)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446087/transition-to-adult-services
#9
(no author information available yet)
Young people with long-term health conditions diagnosed in childhood are supported by children's services and usually move to adult health services as they get older. However, this process can be stressful and confusing, especially if there are problems with communication or gaps in care delivery.
April 27, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445859/a-risk-scoring-model-based-on-vital-signs-and-laboratory-data-predicting-transfer-to-the-intensive-care-unit-of-patients-admitted-to-gastroenterology-wards
#10
Won-Young Kim, Jinmi Lee, Ju-Ry Lee, Youn Kyung Jung, Hwa Jung Kim, Jin Won Huh, Chae-Man Lim, Younsuck Koh, Sang-Bum Hong
PURPOSE: To compare the ability of a score based on vital signs and laboratory data with that of the modified early warning score (MEWS) to predict ICU transfer of patients with gastrointestinal disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive events triggering medical emergency team activation in adult patients admitted to the gastroenterology wards of the Asan Medical Center were reviewed. Binary logistic regression was used to identify factors predicting transfer to the ICU...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444795/systematics-and-molecular-phylogeny-of-the-ciliate-genus-pseudokeronopsis-ciliophora-hypotrichia
#11
Ju Li, Zifeng Zhan, Kuidong Xu
A still challenging study on ciliate systematics is to clarify the taxonomic and phylogenetic confusions of the fascinating pigmented Pseudokeronopsis species because of their high inter-specific similarities. We evaluated the identities and internal relationships within Pseudokeronopsis based on morphological descriptions in combination with the 18S and ITS-5.8S rDNA genetic distances, ITS2 secondary structures and phylogenetic analyses. Results showed that (1) Pseudokeronopsis pararubra, a species ever synonymized as Pseudokeronopsis carnea, is a valid species; (2) most Chinese populations identified as Pseudokeronopsis rubra represent a new species namely Pseudokeronopsis songi sp...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444415/-conventional-radiological-diagnosis-of-benign-none-neoplasms
#12
A Bücker, G Schneider
BACKGROUND: Benign bone tumors are of special clinical importance because they might be confused with malignant bone tumors. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article it to present the characteristics of benign bone tumors. The focus is orientated towards conventional x‑ray as the essential pillar for primary diagnosis. Consequently, the description of signal intensities of benign bone tumors in magnetic resonance images or less helpful clues like male-female ratios are deliberately omitted...
April 25, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443974/nurses-training-in-the-use-of-a-delirium-screening-tool
#13
Regina Cláudia da Silva Souza, Mariana Davies Ribeiro Bersaneti, Ellen Maria Pires Siqueira, Luciana Meira, Daiana Lepre Brumatti, Nilda Rosa de Oliveira Prado
Objective: To narrate the nurses' training experience in the implementation of a systematic delirium screening tool using the Confusion Assessment Method for Intensive Care Unit. Method: Experience report covering the steps of situation diagnosis, planning, staff training and evaluation of the tool's implementation between January and March 2013 with nurses in the ICU of a tertiary hospital in São Paulo. Results: The implementation of the assessment, using the Confusion Assessment Method for Intensive Care Unit, obtained significant nurse adhesion and became a service indicator...
April 20, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443386/association-of-renal-function-and-symptoms-with-mortality-in-star-fruit-averrhoa-carambola-intoxication
#14
Choon-Bing Chua, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Huan-Wen Tsui, Po-Jen Yang, Kuo-Hsin Lee, Chih-Wei Hsu, I-Ting Tsai
BACKGROUND: Star fruit (SF) is a commonly available fruit produced and eaten in tropical and subtropical countries. Since 1993, various reports have described neurotoxicity after eating SF, but this clinical condition remains unfamiliar. We aimed to describe this clinical entity, the role of renal dysfunction in this disorder, treatment strategies, and prognosis of patients with SF intoxication. METHODS: We conducted a search of PubMed and Google Scholar databases from 1993 to 2016...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442231/case-control-vaccine-effectiveness-studies-preparation-design-and-enrollment-of-cases-and-controls
#15
REVIEW
Jennifer R Verani, Abdullah H Baqui, Claire V Broome, Thomas Cherian, Cheryl Cohen, Jennifer L Farrar, Daniel R Feikin, Michelle J Groome, Rana A Hajjeh, Hope L Johnson, Shabir A Madhi, Kim Mulholland, Katherine L O'Brien, Umesh D Parashar, Manish M Patel, Laura C Rodrigues, Mathuram Santosham, J Anthony Scott, Peter G Smith, Halvor Sommerfelt, Jacqueline E Tate, J Chris Victor, Cynthia G Whitney, Anita K Zaidi, Elizabeth R Zell
Case-control studies are commonly used to evaluate effectiveness of licensed vaccines after deployment in public health programs. Such studies can provide policy-relevant data on vaccine performance under 'real world' conditions, contributing to the evidence base to support and sustain introduction of new vaccines. However, case-control studies do not measure the impact of vaccine introduction on disease at a population level, and are subject to bias and confounding, which may lead to inaccurate results that can misinform policy decisions...
April 22, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441743/smartphone-location-independent-physical-activity-recognition-based-on-transportation-natural-vibration-analysis
#16
Taeho Hur, Jaehun Bang, Dohyeong Kim, Oresti Banos, Sungyoung Lee
Activity recognition through smartphones has been proposed for a variety of applications. The orientation of the smartphone has a significant effect on the recognition accuracy; thus, researchers generally propose using features invariant to orientation or displacement to achieve this goal. However, those features reduce the capability of the recognition system to differentiate among some specific commuting activities (e.g., bus and subway) that normally involve similar postures. In this work, we recognize those activities by analyzing the vibrations of the vehicle in which the user is traveling...
April 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441254/gynecologic-oncologist-perspective-about-esmo-esgo-estro-consensus-conference-on-endometrial-cancer
#17
Polat Dursun, Ali Ayhan
ESMO-ESGO-ESTRO Consensus Conference on Endometrial Cancer was simultaneously published in 3 prestigious journals and is sure to have a huge impact on the clinical practice of gynecologic oncology community and other gynecologic cancer care providers.It is a tremendous report representative of great effort. Hovewer, as practicing gynecologic oncologists, endometrial carcinoma is the most common clinical entity encountered in our routine daily practice; as such, we find some of the report confusing and object to some of its findings, as detailed in this brief report...
May 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441246/x-ray-imaging-analysis-of-intrathecal-baclofen-pumps-for-pediatric-emergency-medicine
#18
Brianna Nicole Carr, Thomas Sernas, Catherine A Mazzola
Intrathecal baclofen therapy has become increasingly popular because of its effectiveness in treating spasticity in pediatric patients. The device implanted into each patient is structurally similar. However, x-ray imaging can give the appearance of missing or extraneous objects on or near the intrathecal baclofen device. The composition of the material used in making the catheters is transparent on x-ray images. In addition, the connection port between the pump and catheter resembles the shape of a needle...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439606/cemento-ossifying-fibroma-of-the-mandible-a-clinicopathological-report
#19
Tapas K Bala, Sarmeshta Soni, Prakriti Dayal, Indrajeet Ghosh
Cemento-ossifying fibromas are rare fibro-osseous benign neoplasms that affect the jaws. They are included in the group of mesodermal odontogenic tumors and commonly present as a progressively growing lesion that might attain enormous size with resultant deformity, if left untreated. A confusion prevails on the terminology, which can only be confirmed by histopathologic evaluation. A case of cemento-ossifying fibroma involving the right mandible is described in a 30 year-old female patient. The clinical, radiographic, histologic features are presented and the various differential diagnosis are discussed...
May 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439470/mitochondrial-diversity-in-gonionemus-trachylina-hydrozoa-and-its-implications-for-understanding-the-origins-of-clinging-jellyfish-in-the-northwest-atlantic-ocean
#20
Annette F Govindarajan, Mary R Carman, Marat R Khaidarov, Alexander Semenchenko, John P Wares
Determining whether a population is introduced or native to a region can be challenging due to inadequate taxonomy, the presence of cryptic lineages, and poor historical documentation. For taxa with resting stages that bloom episodically, determining origin can be especially challenging as an environmentally-triggered abrupt appearance of the taxa may be confused with an anthropogenic introduction. Here, we assess diversity in mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I sequences obtained from multiple Atlantic and Pacific locations, and discuss the implications of our findings for understanding the origin of clinging jellyfish Gonionemus in the Northwest Atlantic...
2017: PeerJ
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