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Psychological preparation for surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625700/quality-of-life-in-cushing-s-disease-a-long-term-issue
#1
Susan M Webb, Alicia Santos, Eugenia Resmini, Maria-Antonia Martínez-Momblán, Luciana Martel, Elena Valassi
The purpose of this review is to describe how quality of life (QoL) is impaired in patients with hypercortisolism due to Cushing's syndrome of any aetiology, including pituitary-dependent Cushing's disease. It is worse in active disease, but improvement after successful therapy is often incomplete, due to persistent physical and psychological co-morbidities, even years after endocrine "cure". Physical symptoms like extreme fatigability, central obesity with limb atrophy, hypertension, fractures, and different skin abnormalities severely impair the affected patients' everyday life...
April 3, 2018: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584538/reducing-fear-of-reinjury-and-pain-perception-among-athletes-with-first-time-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructions-by-implementing-imagery-training
#2
Rosa M Rodriguez, Ashley Marroquin, Nicole Cosby
Injuries are an inevitable part of competitive sports as well a recreational activities. Research shows that one of the most common musculoskeletal complaints that accounts for approximately 48 out of 1,000 patients are knee related injuries.1 As noted, approximately nine percent of these knee complaints are related to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries.2 ,3 The ACL is commonly injured in contact sports via a non-contact action such as planting, cutting, landing on a hyperextended knee, or pivoting and sudden deceleration...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476923/component-network-meta-analysis-identifies-the-most-effective-components-of-psychological-preparation-for-adults-undergoing-surgery-under-general-anaesthesia
#3
REVIEW
Suzanne C Freeman, Neil W Scott, Rachael Powell, Marie Johnston, Alex J Sutton, Nicola J Cooper
OBJECTIVE: To apply component network meta-analysis (CNMA) models to an existing Cochrane review of psychological preparation interventions for adults undergoing surgery and to extend the models to account for covariates to identify the most effective components for improving postoperative outcomes. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Interventions consisted of between one and four components of psychological preparation: procedural information, sensory information, behavioural instruction, cognitive interventions, relaxation and emotion-focused techniques...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388040/microbial-treatment-in-chronic-constipation
#4
REVIEW
Linsheng Huang, Qi Zhu, Xiao Qu, Huanlong Qin
Chronic functional constipation is a kind of common intestinal disease that occurs in children, adults and elderly people. This disease not only causes great influence to physiological function, but also results in varying degrees of psychological barriers. At present, constipation treatments continue to rely on traditional methods such as purgative therapy and surgery. However, these approaches can disrupt intestinal function. Recent research between intestinal diseases and gut microbiota has gradually revealed a connection between constipation and intestinal flora disturbance, providing a theoretical basis for microbial treatment in chronic constipation...
January 23, 2018: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280239/on-line-preparatory-information-for-children-and-their-families-undergoing-dental-extractions-under-general-anesthesia-a-phase-iii-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Corinne Huntington, Christina Liossi, Ana Nora Donaldson, Jonathan Timothy Newton, Patricia A Reynolds, Reham Alharatani, Marie Therese Hosey
BACKGROUND: Family-centered interactive on-line games are increasingly popular in healthcare, but their effectiveness for preoperative preparation needs further research. www.scottga.org is the new on-line version of a proven nonweb-based game for children and parents/caregivers. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate if www.scottga.org improved children's anxiety and families' satisfaction compared with controls. METHODS: In this phase III double-blind randomized controlled trial, children/parents/caregivers received (i) www...
February 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280109/-interpretation-of-chinese-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-constipation-surgery-2017
#6
Baohua Liu
The Chinese Society of Coloproctology (CSCP) released the updated "guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of constipation surgery" in 2017. The major amendments include the following aspects: (1) According to defecation reflex involving parts of the classification, the cause of constipation is divided into three parts, including colorectal factors, internal and external colorectal factors. The new division is more rational, easy to make clear the location and the possible pathogenesis. (2) Constipation is divided into slow transit constipation, outlet obstructive constipation and mixed constipation...
December 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238666/preoperative-counseling-and-expectation-management-for-inflatable-penile-prosthesis-implantation
#7
REVIEW
Gopal L Narang, Bradley D Figler, Robert M Coward
The inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) is the gold standard surgical treatment for medical refractory erectile dysfunction (ED). While the modern IPP has enjoyed high satisfaction rates as a product of its continued innovation, reliability, and performance, patient dissatisfaction can still occur. IPP implantation restores physiologic function with cosmetic and psychological consequences, both of which place inherent emphasis on preoperative counseling and expectation management. This review aims to highlight the complex nature of such counseling and provide practitioners with a roadmap to navigate the landscape...
November 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228864/multimedia-education-reduces-anxiety-in-lung-transplant-patients
#8
Sandra L Gerity, Susan G Silva, John M Reynolds, Benson Hoffman, Marilyn H Oermann
CONTEXT: A significant contribution to the success of lung transplantation is the recipient's ability to self-manage a multidrug regimen and follow complex instructions. Effective education has always been an integral component of the process of preparing patients to care for themselves post lung transplant. Impaired cognition, anxiety, and psychological distress, however, can decrease the retention of posttransplant care information provided during education sessions. OBJECTIVE: This quality improvement project evaluated whether a multimedia education method compared to standard education method improves posttransplant care knowledge, anxiety, and satisfaction with the education experience in lung transplant patients and their caregivers...
January 1, 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185406/anaesthetic-management-of-supratentorial-tumor-craniotomy-using-awake-throughout-approach
#9
Faraz Shafiq, Fahad Salim, Ather Enam, Jai Parkash, Mohammad Faheem
The authors are reporting an anaesthetic management of patient presenting with left parietal lobe space occupying lesion and scheduled for Awake-craniotomy. Awake-throughout approach using scalp block was planned. Among techniques reported for keeping patient awake during the surgery, this one is really underutilized. The successful conduct requires thorough preoperative assessment and psychological preparation. We used powerpoint presentation as a preoperative teaching tool. The anatomical landmark technique was used to institute scalp block, where individual nerves were targeted bilaterally...
December 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178479/face-allotransplantation-for-various-types-of-facial-disfigurements-a-series-of-five-cases
#10
Ömer Özkan, Özlenen Özkan, Mehmetcan Ubur, Necmiye Hadimioğlu, Melike Cengiz, İsmail Afşar
BACKGROUND: The aim of this report is to present our long-term experiences with a series of 5 face-transplanted patients in terms of surgical aspects and postoperative outcomes, and to describe possible salvage strategies in case of difficulties. METHODS: Five patients, 4 receiving full-face transplantation and 1 undergoing partial transplantation at our institution were included. The patients were aged between 19 and 54 years. Two had extensive burn scars to the face, and 3 had suffered gunshot injuries...
November 27, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039892/step-by-step-male-to-female-transsexual-surgery
#11
Rodrigo Uliano Moser da Silva, Fernando Jahn da Silva Abreu, Gabriel M V da Silva, João Vitor Quadra Vieira Dos Santos, Nelson Sivonei da Silva Batezini, Brasil Silva, Tiago Elias Rosito
INTRODUCTION: After the diagnosis of transsexualism is confirmed therapy commences with psychotherapeutic preparation for the conversion, and after conversion, long-term patient rehabilitation is maintained for at least two years. The indication for surgery is chronic discomfort caused by discord with the patient's natural gender, intense dislike of developing secondary sex characteristics and the onset of puberty. The surgical conversion of transsexuals is the main step in the complex care of these problematic patients (1)...
October 17, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945295/perceived-influence-of-psychological-consultation-on-psychological-well-being-body-image-and-intimacy-following-bilateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-a-qualitative-analysis
#12
Rachael Glassey, Sarah J Hardcastle, Moira O'Connor, Angela Ives, Christobel Saunders
OBJECTIVE: This study explored whether psychological consultation offered to women prior to bilateral prophylactic mastectomy (BPM) appeared to provide psychosocial benefit to younger women (<35 years) at high risk of developing breast cancer due to a mutation or family history. METHODS: Qualitative interviews guided by interpretative phenomenological analysis were conducted retrospectively with 26 women who had undergone BPM. Participants were recruited from New Zealand and Australia, via a genetics clinic, registry, research cohort, and online...
September 25, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931102/-areas-and-challenges-of-oncopsychological-rehabilitation
#13
Péter Kovács, Zsuzsa Koncz, Julianna Peti, Anna Gõdény, Dóra Horváth, Csilla Gerlinger, Katalin Lacsán, Petra Molnár, Ágnes Riskó
Patients with cancer present a number of different difficulties that adversely affect their health care and recovery (e.g. poor communication with physicians, lack of knowledge about their illness and its management, financial problems). Furthermore, mental health problems, such as distress, depression and anxiety, are common amongst patients with cancer. These mental health problems are additional contributors to functional impairment in carrying out family, work, and other social roles, poor adherence to medical treatments, and adverse medical outcomes...
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904684/anaesthetic-management-for-awake-craniotomy-in-brain-glioma-resection-initial-experience-in-military-hospital-mohamed-v-of-rabat
#14
Mohammed Meziane, Abdelghafour Elkoundi, Redouane Ahtil, Miloudi Guazaz, Bensghir Mustapha, Charki Haimeur
The awake brain surgery is an innovative approach in the treatment of tumors in the functional areas of the brain. There are various anesthetic techniques for awake craniotomy (AC), including asleep-awake-asleep technique, monitored anesthesia care, and the recent introduced awake-awake-awake method. We describe our first experience with anesthetic management for awake craniotomy, which was a combination of these techniques with scalp nerve block, and propofol/rémifentanil target controlled infusion. A 28-year-oldmale underwent an awake craniotomy for brain glioma resection...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893727/development-of-a-virtual-reality-exposure-tool-as-psychological-preparation-for-elective-pediatric-day-care-surgery-methodological-approach-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Robin Eijlers, Jeroen S Legerstee, Bram Dierckx, Lonneke M Staals, Johan Berghmans, Marc P van der Schroeff, Rene Mh Wijnen, Elisabeth Mwj Utens
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anxiety in children is highly prevalent and is associated with adverse outcomes. Existing psychosocial interventions to reduce preoperative anxiety are often aimed at distraction and are of limited efficacy. Gradual exposure is a far more effective way to reduce anxiety. Virtual reality (VR) provides a unique opportunity to gradually expose children to all aspects of the operating theater. OBJECTIVE: The aims of our study are (1) to develop a virtual reality exposure (VRE) tool to prepare children psychologically for surgery; and (2) to examine the efficacy of the VRE tool in a randomized controlled trial (RCT), in which VRE will be compared to care as usual (CAU)...
September 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829221/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-in-laparoscopic-surgery
#16
Kay B Leissner, Jessica L Shanahan, Peter L Bekker, Houman Amirfarzan
BACKGROUND: As part of an effort to maximize value in the perioperative setting, a paradigm shift is underway in the way that patients are cared for preoperatively, on the day of surgery, and postoperatively-a setting collectively known as the perioperative care. Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) is an evidence-based, patient-centered team approach to delivering high-quality perioperative care to surgical patients. METHODS: This review focuses on anesthesiologists, with their unique purview of perioperative setting, who are important drivers of change in the delivery of valuable perioperative care...
September 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707046/understanding-the-post-surgical-bariatric-experiences-of-patients-two-or-more-years-after-surgery
#17
Rebecca H Liu, Jennifer D Irwin
BACKGROUND: In Canada, one year after bariatric surgery follow-up appointments become less frequent and surgical recipients must cope with weight management more independently. Up to 50% of patients experience weight regain by two years post-surgery. Understanding the lived experiences of those who have gone through the bariatric process may shed light on what is needed to support others moving forward. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to gain an understanding of the physical, psychological, social, and clinic-related experiences of individuals who have undergone bariatric surgery at least two years prior...
November 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649376/re-designing-the-pathway-to-surgery-better-care-and-added-value
#18
Michael P W Grocott, James O M Plumb, Mark Edwards, Imogen Fecher-Jones, Denny Z H Levett
The case for radical pathway re-design before surgery is in part driven by healthcare system pressures which are in turn the result of continuously rising demand in the face of tightly constrained resources. Such circumstances tend to drive revolutionary, rather than incremental, change. The current approach to preoperative assessment, that typically occurs in the weeks leading up to surgery, but is all too often only a few days before surgery, results in a lost opportunity for perioperative physicians to improve patient care...
2017: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506481/peri-and-intraoperative-cognitive-and-language-assessment-for-surgical-resection-in-brain-eloquent-structures
#19
G Herbet, O Rigaux-Viodé, S Moritz-Gasser
Neuropsychological care of patients suffering from an infiltrative glioma and candidates for a neurosurgery under awake condition with intraoperative functional mapping is a critical and mandatory stage in therapeutic management. It enables to estimate the functional impact of the tumor and, consequently, the efficacy of functional reorganization typically observed in these patients, not only to better predict surgery outcomes and select appropriate tasks for intraoperative functional mapping, but also to plan efficient and individualized postoperative cognitive rehabilitation strategies...
June 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248025/-psychological-aspects-of-treating-staghorn-nephrolithiasis-using-percutaneous-and-retrograde-nephrolithotripsy
#20
A A Podoinitsyn, V V Dutov
AIM: To investigate the level of anxiety and the severity of asthenic state in patients with staghorn nephrolithiasis treated by of minimally invasive therapies - percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PNLT) and retrograde nephrolithotripsy (RNLT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study analyzed the psychological state of 150 patients with staghorn nephrolithiasis aged 25 to 75 years before and after PNLT and RNLT. Testing was performed at baseline, at 5-7 day of hospital stay (average time of preparing for surgery) and after treatment with the use of various questionnaires: Anxiety Scale, Asthenic conditions scale and Pain questionnaire...
November 2016: Urologii︠a︡
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