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Psychological preparation for surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707046/understanding-the-post-surgical-bariatric-experiences-of-patients-two-or-more-years-after-surgery
#1
Rebecca H Liu, Jennifer D Irwin
BACKGROUND: In Canada, one year after bariatric surgery follow-up appointments become less frequent and surgical recipients must cope with weight management more independently. Up to 50% of patients experience weight regain by two years post-surgery. Understanding the lived experiences of those who have gone through the bariatric process may shed light on what is needed to support others moving forward. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to gain an understanding of the physical, psychological, social, and clinic-related experiences of individuals who have undergone bariatric surgery at least two years prior...
July 13, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649376/re-designing-the-pathway-to-surgery-better-care-and-added-value
#2
Michael P W Grocott, James O M Plumb, Mark Edwards, Imogen Fecher-Jones, Denny Z H Levett
The case for radical pathway re-design before surgery is in part driven by healthcare system pressures which are in turn the result of continuously rising demand in the face of tightly constrained resources. Such circumstances tend to drive revolutionary, rather than incremental, change. The current approach to preoperative assessment, that typically occurs in the weeks leading up to surgery, but is all too often only a few days before surgery, results in a lost opportunity for perioperative physicians to improve patient care...
2017: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506481/peri-and-intraoperative-cognitive-and-language-assessment-for-surgical-resection-in-brain-eloquent-structures
#3
G Herbet, O Rigaux-Viodé, S Moritz-Gasser
Neuropsychological care of patients suffering from an infiltrative glioma and candidates for a neurosurgery under awake condition with intraoperative functional mapping is a critical and mandatory stage in therapeutic management. It enables to estimate the functional impact of the tumor and, consequently, the efficacy of functional reorganization typically observed in these patients, not only to better predict surgery outcomes and select appropriate tasks for intraoperative functional mapping, but also to plan efficient and individualized postoperative cognitive rehabilitation strategies...
June 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248025/-psychological-aspects-of-treating-staghorn-nephrolithiasis-using-percutaneous-and-retrograde-nephrolithotripsy
#4
A A Podoinitsyn, V V Dutov
AIM: To investigate the level of anxiety and the severity of asthenic state in patients with staghorn nephrolithiasis treated by of minimally invasive therapies - percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PNLT) and retrograde nephrolithotripsy (RNLT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study analyzed the psychological state of 150 patients with staghorn nephrolithiasis aged 25 to 75 years before and after PNLT and RNLT. Testing was performed at baseline, at 5-7 day of hospital stay (average time of preparing for surgery) and after treatment with the use of various questionnaires: Anxiety Scale, Asthenic conditions scale and Pain questionnaire...
November 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240692/preparing-the-family-and-children-for-surgery
#5
Ahmad Yahya Al-Sagarat, Haytham Mohammad Al-Oran, Hala Obeidat, Adlah Mohammad Hamlan, Lorna Moxham
The focus of this literature analysis is the concept of preparing the family and children for surgery. As posited in the literature, surgery causes stress and anxiety that have a negative impact on both parents and their children. Therefore, the need for health care professionals to facilitate positive preparation for surgery to minimize anxiety and enhance postoperative recovery is important. Preparing the family and children for surgery is discussed in depth under the following themes: Preoperative Anxiety in Children, the Impact of Preoperative Anxiety on the Pediatric Patients and Parents, Preoperative Psychological Preparation for Children and Parents, and the Role of Nurse Practitioners in Preoperative Preparation...
April 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027422/care-related-predictors-for-negative-intrusive-thoughts-after-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-data-from-the-prospective-lappro-trial
#6
Thordis Thorsteinsdottir, Heiddis Valdimarsdottir, Arna Hauksdottir, Johan Stranne, Ulrica Wilderäng, Eva Haglind, Gunnar Steineck
OBJECTIVE: Negative intrusive thoughts about one's prostate cancer have been associated with depressive mood and impaired quality of life among prostate cancer patients. However, little is known about possible predictors for negative intrusive thoughts among this group. We aimed to identify health- and care-related predictors for such thoughts among a population of men newly diagnosed with prostate cancer and undergoing radical prostatectomy. METHODS: In the LAPPRO-trial, 3154 men (80%) answered study-specific questionnaires at admission and three months after surgery...
December 27, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987454/patient-reported-outcomes-in-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Madeleine T King, Zoë E Winters, Ivo A Olivotto, Andrew J Spillane, Boon H Chua, Christobel Saunders, A Helen Westenberg, G Bruce Mann, Petrina Burnett, Phyllis Butow, Claudia Rutherford
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a pre-invasive breast cancer with excellent prognosis but with potential adverse impacts of diagnosis and treatment on quality of life and other patient-reported outcomes (PROs). We undertook a systematic review to synthesise current evidence about PROs following diagnosis and treatment for DCIS. We searched five electronic databases (from database inception to November 2015), cross-referenced and contacted experts to identify studies that reported PROs after DCIS treatment...
January 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927660/effect-of-prehabilitation-in-gastro-oesophageal-adenocarcinoma-study-protocol-of-a-multicentric-randomised-control-trial-the-prehab-study
#8
Bertrand Le Roy, Bruno Pereira, Corinne Bouteloup, Frédéric Costes, Ruddy Richard, Marie Selvy, Caroline Pétorin, Johan Gagnière, Emmanuel Futier, Karem Slim, Bernard Meunier, Jean-Yves Mabrut, Christophe Mariette, Denis Pezet
INTRODUCTION: Perioperative chemotherapy is the gold standard treatment of the resectable gastro-oesophageal adenocarcinoma. However, 70% of patients cannot receive the complete sequence because of a postoperative complication or a decrease in functional and nutritional reserves. Recently, a new concept appeared in digestive surgery: prehabilitation. This interventional process consists of patient preparation, between surgical consultation and surgery, and is based on 3 components: (1) physical management, (2) nutritional care and (3) psychological care...
December 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865258/preparing-young-people-for-future-decision-making-about-cancer-risk-in-families-affected-or-at-risk-from-hereditary-breast-cancer-a-qualitative-interview-study
#9
Emma Rowland, Gill Plumridge, Anna-Marie Considine, Alison Metcalfe
PURPOSE: Women carrying the mutated BRCA gene, have approximately an 80% life-time risk of developing breast cancer with 50% risk of their children inheriting the gene mutation. Many parents find it difficult to know when and how to disclose this information to their children and how such disclosure might affect their child's future decision-making. METHOD: This study explored the communication of genetic risk information in families using qualitative semi-structured interviews conducted with parents, children (7-11years) and young people (12-18years) affected or at risk from a BRCA gene mutation...
December 2016: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703565/the-impact-of-the-nasal-trauma-in-childhood-on-the-development-of-the-nose-in-future
#10
Gabriela Kopacheva-Barsova, Slavica Arsova
AIM: To prevent and to treat nasal trauma in children properly, because it can lead to displacement or depression of the nasal bones or septum. Second, our aim was, for the patient to recognise and create a mature decision for eventual nose changes which will be made with the operative intervention or they are not mature enough and the decisions were made by their parents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our retrospective study was made at University Clinic for Ear, Nose and Throat, Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje in the period of 6 years (2005-2016)...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683771/psychological-profile-of-patients-eligible-for-bariatric-surgery
#11
Graziela Aparecida Nogueira de Almeida Ribeiro, Helenice Brizolla Giampietro, Lídia Barbieri Belarmino, Wilson Salgado-Júnior
Background: The psychologist who works in bariatric surgery has a role to receive, evaluate, prepare and educate the patient who will undergo the surgical procedure. Psychological evaluation becomes important in so far as allows us to obtain data on personal and familiar history and allow tracing of possible psychopathology. Aim: To collect data on psychological evaluations of patients in a bariatric surgery service of a public hospital in order to describe the psychological profile of patients in this service...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680060/-strategy-and-prospective-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-esophageal-cancer
#12
Yin Li
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a patient-centered, surgeon-led system combining anesthesia, nursing, nutrition and psychology. It aims to minimize surgical stress and maintain physiological function in perioperative care, thereby expediting recovery. ERAS theory has been clinically applied for nearly 20 years and it is firstly used in colorectal surgery, then widely used in other surgical fields. However, ERAS is not used commonly in esophagectomy because of its surgical complexity and high morbidity of postoperative complications, which limits the application of ERAS in the field of esophagectomy...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648587/psychological-predictors-of-acute-postoperative-pain-after-hysterectomy-for-benign-causes
#13
Jennifer Scheel, Reinhard Sittl, Norbert Griessinger, Marion Strupf, Andreas Parthum, Violeta Dimova, Claudia Horn-Hofmann, Falk Thiel, Matthias W Beckmann, Stefan Lautenbacher
OBJECTIVES: Psychological parameters have been shown to contribute significantly to the development of acute postoperative pain (APOP). For the prediction of APOP in chest malformation patients and cancer patients, we found pain-specific psychological predictors to be of higher relevance than general psychological predictors. The current study aims to further substantiate these findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a sample of 73 middle-aged hysterectomy patients, 3 predictor sets were assessed 1 day before surgery: attentional biases (toward pain-related, social threat, and positive words in a dot-probe task), pain-related emotions and cognitions (pain anxiety, pain catastrophizing, and pain hypervigilance), and affective state variables (depression and somatization)...
July 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557981/neoglottis-reconstruction-with-sternohyoid-muscles-on-upper-tracheal-orifice-after-laryngectomy
#14
Chang Jiang Li, Lei Cheng, Haitao Wu, Lei Tao, Liang Zhou
Ideal speech restoration remains a difficult challenge for patients undergoing laryngectomy so far. Our aim was to explore the feasibility of neoglottic reconstruction with sternohyoid muscles on upper-tracheal orifice after total laryngectomy which can obtain relatively ideal voice rehabilitation. Fifteen male patients are laryngectomized, of whom eight with standard total laryngectomy and seven underwent nonstandard total laryngectomy with epiglottis conserved. After laryngectomy, the upper margin of the anterior hypopharyngeal mucosa (postcricoid mucosa) was stitched to the posterior margin of upper-tracheal orifice and a triangle-shaped neoglottis on upper-tracheal orifice was reconstructed using bilateral sternohyoid muscles near the hyoid bone which were sutured to the posterior wall and bilateral of upper-tracheal orifice...
January 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542378/preparing-cancer-patients-and-family-caregivers-for-lung-surgery-development-of-a-multimedia-self-management-intervention
#15
Virginia Sun, Jae Y Kim, Dan J Raz, Walter Chang, Loretta Erhunmwunsee, Carolina Uranga, Anne Marie Ireland, Karen Reckamp, Brian Tiep, Jennifer Hayter, Michael Lew, Betty Ferrell, Ruth McCorkle
The surgical treatment of lung malignancies often results in persistent symptoms, psychosocial distress, and decrements in quality of life (QOL) for cancer patients and their family caregivers (FCGs). The potential benefits of providing patients and FCGs with preparatory education that begins in the preoperative setting have been explored in multiple medical conditions, with positive impact observed on postoperative recovery, psychological distress, and QOL. However, few studies have explored the benefits of preparatory educational interventions to promote self-management in cancer surgery, including lung surgery...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538757/use-of-the-prepare-prehabilitation-physical-activity-and-exercise-program-to-improve-outcomes-after-lumbar-fusion-surgery-for-severe-low-back-pain-a-study-protocol-of-a-person-centred-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Hanna Lotzke, Max Jakobsson, Helena Brisby, Annelie Gutke, Olle Hägg, Rob Smeets, Marlies den Hollander, Lars-Eric Olsson, Mari Lundberg
BACKGROUND: Following lumbar fusion surgery, a successful outcome is empirically linked to effective rehabilitation. While rehabilitation is typically postoperative, the phase before surgery - termed prehabilitation - is reportedly an ideal time to prepare the patient. There are presently no guidelines for prehabilitation before lumbar fusion surgery. Physical activity has well-known health benefits, and staying physically active despite pain is a major principle in non-pharmacological chronic low back pain treatment...
August 18, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473807/body-contouring-surgery-in-the-massive-weight-loss-patient
#17
REVIEW
Dennis J Hurwitz, Omodele Ayeni
Plastic surgeons subspecializing in body contouring are meeting the challenge of postbariatric surgery massive weight loss patients. With an appreciation of the magnitude of the surface deformity, and altered metabolism, nutrition, and psychological makeup of these patients, innovative plastic surgeons have forged an organized approach to preparation, operative technique, and postoperative care. Patients at greatest risk for complications are identified, appraised, and either their condition improved or they are counselled to reduce expectations...
August 2016: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396803/preparing-the-patient-for-surgery-to-improve-outcomes
#18
REVIEW
Denny Z H Levett, Mark Edwards, Mike Grocott, Monty Mythen
The time between contemplation of surgery and the procedure offers a window of opportunity to optimize patients' nutritional, functional and psychological state prior to surgery. Traditionally, preoperative pathways have focused on the underlying disease process and 'fitness for surgery' with physical pre-assessment and risk counselling late in the pathway when little time is available to intervene. With an increasingly elderly and co-morbid surgical population, early physiological assessment and multidisciplinary collaborative decision-making is increasingly important...
June 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384631/-psychological-intervention-to-candidates-for-surgery-bariatric-in-a-public-hospital-in-brazil
#19
Marinna Mensorio, Áderson Costa-Júnior
We evaluated a psychological intervention program to patients eligible for bariatric surgery, performing lifting coping strategies, anxiety manifestations and lifestyle changes, comparing them to obese patients without exposure to the intervention. The cognitive-behavioral program consists of 12 group sessions, in which they are addressed issues relevant to the process of habit change and preparation for surgery. The comparison of pre and post-intervention and between groups showed improvements in the experimental group...
March 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366525/preoperative-psychological-preparation-of-children
#20
REVIEW
Ersel Güleç, Dilek Özcengiz
Surgery and anaesthesia are significant sources of anxiety for children. In the preoperative period, reducing anxiety helps in preventing the negative consequences that may occur after surgery. The predetermined high-risk children in terms of the development of anxiety play an important role in reducing the negative consequences. Recently featured approaches are modelling and coping techniques, although many techniques are used in the preoperative psychological preparation. The use of computer programs in this area may facilitate important achievements, and it needs to support new studies to be performed...
October 2015: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
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