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Central venous catheter insertion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731490/lancisi-s-sign-and-central-venous-catheter-tip-position-a-case-report
#1
Valentina Vigo, Piero Lisi, Giuseppe Galgano, Carlo Lomonte
INTRODUCTION: Valvular disease and pulmonary hypertension are common conditions in haemodialysis patients. In presence of tricuspid regurgitation, an increased retrograde blood flow into the right atrium during ventricle systole results in a typical modification of the normal venous waveform, creating a giant c-v wave. This condition clinically appears as a venous palpable pulsation within the internal jugular vein, also known as Lancisi's sign. CASE REPORT: An 83-year-old woman underwent haemodialysis for 9 years...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721223/atrial-fibrillation-in-a-preterm-newborn-with-structurally-normal-heart
#2
Pier Paolo Bassareo, Andrea Raffaele Marras, Mariangela Marras, Silvia Marras, Giuseppe Mercuro
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a really uncommon arrhythmia in newborns. Here, we report the case of a 1-day-old infant who was recovered in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit for a twin-to-twin transfusion. The appearance of an unexpected AF was registered at his continuous electrocardiographic monitoring. Both chest X-ray and echocardiographic examination revealed the anomalous insertion of the tip of a central venous catheter (CVC) into the heart ('umbilical artery → inferior vena cava → right atrium → patent foramen ovale → left atrium')...
March 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710972/epidemiology-diagnosis-prevention-and-treatment-of-catheter-related-thrombosis-in-children-and-adults
#3
REVIEW
Lisa Baumann Kreuziger, Julie Jaffray, Marc Carrier
In this narrative review, the epidemiology, diagnosis, prevention strategies, and management of catheter-related thrombosis are outlined. Central venous catheters have significantly improved the quality of life of patients requiring chemotherapy, parenteral nutrition, and chronic transfusions. Catheter-related thrombosis (CRT) complicates between 1-5% of inserted catheters, with incidence varying between patient population, catheter type, and vein cannulated. Strategies to prevent CRT, including anticoagulation and locking solutions, have largely been ineffective...
July 4, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708472/rectal-instillation-of-cold-fluids-for-targeted-temperature-management-after-cardiac-arrest-a-case-report
#4
Andrej Markota, Jure Fluher, Andreja Sinkovič
The optimal method of temperature management after cardiac arrest remains unknown. Methods that are most effective are usually invasive and expensive. Noninvasive methods are not as effective and obstruct access to the patient. Temperature management via rectal cooling offers some potential advantages in survivors of cardiac arrest, namely, relatively large volumes of temperature-controlled fluids can be instilled, access to the patient is not obstructed, and fluid overload can be ameliorated by removal of a fraction of instilled fluid...
July 14, 2017: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704698/interventional-radiology-in-breast-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Lizbeth Moira Kenny, Franco Orsi, Andreas Adam
Molecular profiling of metastatic disease may greatly influence the systemic therapy recommended by oncologists and chosen by patients, allowing treatment to be more targeted. Comprehensive care of patients with advanced breast cancer now includes percutaneous image-guided biopsy if this has the potential to influence systemic treatment [1]. Interventional radiologists can contribute significantly to the care of patients affected by breast cancer, in diagnostic and supportive procedures and importantly also in treatment...
July 10, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690942/cardiac-arrhythmias-resulting-from-a-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-two-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
Jonathan Gapp, Mridula Krishnan, Felicia Ratnaraj, Robert P Schroell, Douglas Moore
We present two cases of patients being treated for diabetic ketoacidosis in the intensive care unit who experienced cardiac arrhythmia secondary to peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs). In one instance, the patient became bradycardic and experienced related loss of consciousness, ultimately requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation. In the second case, the patient experienced an episode of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia. We explore the various types of arrhythmias that have been reported secondary to central venous catheters, as well as factors that place patients at an increased risk for arrhythmia while undergoing PICC insertion...
June 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687699/a-rare-case-of-malposition-of-central-venous-catheter-detected-by-ultrasonography-guided-saline-flush-test
#7
Niraj Kumar, Ashutosh Kaushal, Kapil Dev Soni, Gaurav Singh Tomar
Central venous catheter (CVC) insertion is associated with many potential complications; malposition of the catheter is one of them. A chest X-ray is routinely done to detect the malposition of catheter, but sometimes it has been seen that X-ray is time-consuming and its accuracy is also low for determining the exact position of the catheter tip. In our case, an ultrasonography (USG)-guided CVC was placed into the right internal jugular vein of the patient. As there was no ECG change obtained during insertion of guidewire and catheter, malposition was suspected, which was easily detected by a novel USG-guided saline flush test...
July 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687213/prevention-of-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections
#8
REVIEW
Taison Bell, Naomi P O'Grady
Central venous catheters (CVCs) are commonly used in critically ill patients and offer several advantages to peripheral intravenous access. However, indwelling CVCs have the potential to lead to blood stream infections, with the risk increasing with an array of characteristics such as catheter choice, catheter location, insertion technique, and catheter maintenance. Evidence-based guidelines have led to a significant reduction in the incidence of blood stream infections associated with CVCs. The combination of guideline implementation and newer technologies has the potential to further reduce morbidity and mortality from infections related to CVCs...
July 5, 2017: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685812/simulation-based-training-program-with-deliberate-practice-for-ultrasound-guided-jugular-central-venous-catheter-placement
#9
M A Corvetto, J C Pedemonte, D Varas, C Fuentes, F R Altermatt
BACKGROUND: Current evidence supports the utility of simulation training for bedside procedures such as ultrasound-guided jugular central venous catheter (CVC) insertion. However, a standardized methodology to teach procedural skills has not been determined yet. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a simulation-based training program for improving novice technical performance during ultrasound-guided internal jugular CVC placement. METHODS: Postgraduate year 1 (PGY-1) residents from anesthesiology, emergency medicine, cardiology, ICU, and nephrology specialties were trained in four deliberate practice sessions...
July 6, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685192/venous-thrombosis-and-stenosis-after-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-placement-in-children
#10
H Stella Shin, Alexander J Towbin, Bin Zhang, Neil D Johnson, Stuart L Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) can lead to development of venous thrombosis and/or stenosis. The presence of venous thrombosis and/or stenosis may preclude children with chronic medical conditions from receiving lifesaving therapies, from hemodialysis in end-stage renal disease to total parenteral nutrition in short bowel syndrome. Several adult studies have found an association between PICCs and venous thrombosis and/or stenosis, but none has evaluated for this association in children...
July 6, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684919/point-prevalence-of-complications-between-the-y-connection-technique-and-the-usual-care-technique-for-blood-restitution-in-patients-of-an-outpatient-hemodialysis-unit-a-comparison
#11
Nadine Tacchini-Jacquier, Henk Verloo
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheter-related infections (CVCIs) in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) have been documented due to unsafe/unsterile manipulations by nurses during HD machine deconnection and reconnection. Given the gravity of CVCIs in HD patients using catheter access, precise, safe installation of the device, and good nursing technique are crucial. AIM: To assess and compare safety performance and complications of a Y-connection (n=133) versus the usual tunneled central venous catheter (CVC) technique (n=73) among HD patients and then explore preferences between techniques among patients and frontline HD nurses...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676849/bloodstream-infection-incidence-of-different-central-venous-catheters-in-neonates-a-descriptive-cohort-study
#12
Gerdina H Dubbink-Verheij, Vincent Bekker, Iris C M Pelsma, Erik W van Zwet, Vivianne E H J Smits-Wintjens, Sylke J Steggerda, Arjan B Te Pas, Enrico Lopriore
Central venous catheters (CVCs) in neonates are associated with a risk of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI). Most reports on the incidence of CLABSI in neonates focus on umbilical venous catheters (UVCs) and peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs). We evaluated the incidence and risk factors for CLABSI in a cohort of neonates with femoral venous catheters (FVCs), UVCs, and PICCs, with a gestational age ≥34 weeks born between January 1, 2006 and June 30, 2013. We included 2,986 neonates with a total of 656 catheters...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676535/outcomes-in-a-nurse-led-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-program-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Sheryl McDiarmid, Nicholas Scrivens, Marc Carrier, Elham Sabri, Baldwin Toye, Lothar Huebsch, Dean Fergusson
BACKGROUND: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) provide enormous benefit to patients. However, recent publications have highlighted relatively high PICC-associated complication rates. We report on patient and device outcomes from a nurse-led program. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of a prospective cohort of consecutive patients undergoing PICC insertion at The Ottawa Hospital between Jan. 1, 2013 and Dec. 31, 2014. Of the 8314 BioFlo PASV PICCs inserted, we randomly selected a sample of 700 and obtained a complete data set for 656...
June 30, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666490/an-unusual-cause-of-asystole-insertion-of-a-central-venous-catheter
#14
Harun Gunes, Elif Nisa Unlu, Ozlem Suzer, Abdullah Ibrahim, Ahmet Afacan, Ayhan Saritas, Hayati Kandis
Central venous catheters are a commonly used medical device which may sometimes cause complications. We present first case who had an asystolic cardiac arrest during insertion of a central venous catheter, needed cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and was resuscitated successfully. A46-year lady presented to the emergency department due to mushroom poisoning. Acentral venous catheter was inserted through the internal jugular vein. However, the patient suddenly lost consciousness and asystole was seen on the monitor immediately after the insertion of the catheter...
November 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665993/knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-on-the-prevention-of-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-among-nurses-in-oncological-care-a-cross-sectional-study-in-an-area-of-southern-italy
#15
Maria Rosaria Esposito, Assunta Guillari, Italo Francesco Angelillo
The objectives of the cross-sectional study were to delineate the knowledge, attitudes, and behavior among nurses regarding the prevention of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) and to identify their predisposing factors. A questionnaire was self-administered from September to November 2011 to nurses in oncology and outpatient chemotherapy units in 16 teaching and non-teaching public and private hospitals in the Campania region (Italy). The questionnaire gathered information on demographic and occupational characteristics; knowledge about evidence-based practices for the prevention of CLABSIs; attitudes towards guidelines, the risk of transmitting infections, and hand-washing when using central venous catheter (CVC); practices about catheter site care; and sources of information...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665469/central-venous-pressure-monitoring-via-peripherally-or-centrally-inserted-central-catheters-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Filippo Sanfilippo, Alberto Noto, Gennaro Martucci, Marco Farbo, Gaetano Burgio, Daniele G Biasucci
INTRODUCTION: The central venous pressure (CVP) is the most commonly used static marker of preload for guiding fluid therapy in critically ill patients, though its usefulness remains controversial. Centrally inserted central catheters (CICCs) are the gold-standard devices for CVP monitoring but peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) may represent a valid alternative. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis with the aim to investigate whether the difference between PICC- and CICC-measured CVP is not significant...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665464/transitioning-from-anatomic-landmarks-to-ultrasound-guided-central-venous-catheterizations-guidelines-applied-to-clinical-practice
#17
Rodrigo Oom, Rui Casaca, Rita Barroca, Sara Carvalhal, Catarina Santos, Nuno Abecasis
INTRODUCTION: Centrally inserted central catheter (CICC) insertion is a commonly performed procedure that may give rise to different complications. Despite the suggestion of guidelines to use ultrasound guidance (USG) for vascular access, not all centers use it systematically. The aim of this study is to illustrate the experience with ultrasound in CICC placement at a high-volume oncological center, in a country where the landmark technique is standard. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a prospective database was performed on CICC placement under USG in the Central Venous Catheter Unit of Instituto Português de Oncologia de Lisboa Francisco Gentil, from 2012 to 2015...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665463/port-in-oncology-practice-3-monthly-locking-with-normal-saline-for-catheter-maintenance-a-preliminary-report
#18
Gianfranca Solinas, Francesca Platini, Maurizio Trivellato, Carla Rigo, Oscar Alabiso, Alessandra S Galetto
INTRODUCTION: Patients with cancer need stable venous access using central vascular devices like central venous ports and peripherally inserted central catheters that can be used for a wide range of indications. Numerous flushing protocols exist including different frequencies for catheter locking to maintain catheter patency. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the incidence of lumen occlusion of central venous ports in a group of adult cancer patients, adopting a policy of locking with normal saline every three months...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663107/prevention-of-central-venous-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-adult-intensive-care-units-a-systematic-review
#19
Diana Carolina Velasquez Reyes, Melissa Bloomer, Julia Morphet
BACKGROUND: In adult Intensive Care Units, the complexity of patient treatment requirements make the use of central venous lines essential. Despite the potential benefits central venous lines can have for patients, there is a high risk of bloodstream infection associated with these catheters. AIM: Identify and critique the best available evidence regarding interventions to prevent central venous line associated bloodstream infections in adult intensive care unit patients other than anti-microbial catheters...
June 26, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651859/dwell-time-and-risk-of-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infection-in-neonates
#20
Erica Sanderson, Kee Thai Yeo, Alex Yueping Wang, Ian Callander, Barbara Bajuk, Srinivas Bolisetty, Kei Lui
BACKGROUND: Umbilical venous catheters (UVC) or peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC), commonly used in high risk neonates, may have a threshold dwell time for subsequent increased risk of central line associated blood stream infection (CLABSI). AIM: To evaluate the CLABSI risks in neonates having either UVC, PICC or those having both sequentially. METHODS: Study included 3985 infants who had UVC or PICC inserted between 2007 and 2009 cared for in 10 regional Neonatal Intensive Care Units: 1392 having UVC only (Group 1), 1317 PICC only (Group 2) and 1276 both UVC and PICC (Group 3)...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
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