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Central vein infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076593/brachial-insertion-of-fully-implantable-venous-catheters-for-chemotherapy-complications-and-quality-of-life-assessment-in-35-patients
#1
Igor Yoshio Imagawa Fonseca, Mariana Krutman, Kenji Nishinari, Guilherme Yazbek, Marcelo Passos Teivelis, Guilherme André Zottele Bomfim, Rafael Noronha Cavalcante, Nelson Wolosker
Objective: To prospectively evaluate the perioperative safety, early complications and satisfaction of patients who underwent the implantation of central catheters peripherally inserted via basilic vein. Methods: Thirty-five consecutive patients with active oncologic disease requiring chemotherapy were prospectively followed up after undergoing peripheral implantation of indwelling venous catheters, between November 2013 and June 2014. The procedures were performed in the operating room by the same team of three vascular surgeons...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043489/morphological-changes-in-experimental-tuberculosis-resulting-from-treatment-with-quercetin-and-polyvinylpyrrolidone
#2
Tatyana Butova, Svetlana Zaitseva, Dmytro Butov, Ganna Stepanenko
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Morphological study of a mice of tissue necrosis stages in experimental organ-preserving tuberculosis (TB) pharmacotherapy using quercetin and polyvinylpyrrolidone (QP). METHODS: A total of 32 laboratory mice of C57BL/6JLacSto strain were used in the experiment. The animals were divided into five groups (Group 1-5), with six to seven mice in each group: Group 1, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MBT)-uninfected mice; Group 2, MBT-infected mice; Group 3, MBT infected and treated with anti-TB preparation (ATP); Group 4, MBT infected and QP treated; and Group 5, MBT infected and treated with ATP and QP...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042558/long-term-outcomes-of-arteriovenous-grafts-for-hemodialysis-in-lower-extremities
#3
Seok Han, Dan Song, Sangchul Yun
PURPOSE: The lower extremity has received its fair share of attention as a vascular access site in patients who have exhausted their upper arm vessels. However, experiences with lower extremity arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) have so far been disappointing because of high infection rates and severe limb ischemia. We report our experience with hemodialysis access from the lower extremity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 60 lower extremity AVGs created between January 2003 and December 2011 was performed...
December 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006761/lemierre-syndrome-a-retrospective-study-of-the-role-of-anticoagulation-and-thrombosis-outcomes
#4
Margaret C Cupit-Link, Amulya Nageswara Rao, Deepti M Warad, Vilmarie Rodriguez
Lemierre syndrome (LS) is a multisystemic infection beginning in the oropharynx and leading to thrombosis of the internal jugular vein (IJV) with septic emboli and potential thrombotic extension to the central nervous system. Although patient outcomes have improved with early initiation of antimicrobial therapies, there is no consensus regarding the role of anticoagulation in LS. To better define the role of anticoagulation therapy in LS and determine whether anticoagulation improves thrombosis outcomes, we conducted a retrospective chart review of pediatric and adult patients diagnosed with LS and managed at our institution from January 1998 to December 2014...
December 23, 2016: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995452/an-optimal-approach-for-laparoscopic-d3-lymphadenectomy-plus-complete-mesocolic-excision-d3-cme-for-right-sided-colon-cancer
#5
Daxing Xie, Chaoran Yu, Chun Gao, Hasan Osaiweran, Junbo Hu, Jianping Gong
BACKGROUND: It is common knowledge that high ligation of blood vessels at the D3 level and complete mesocolic excision (CME) are two critical points of right hemicolectomy for right colon cancer (RCC). (1-5) To date, a safe strategy for completing these two procedures under laparoscopic surgery has not been extensively described. The authors provide a video to demonstrate laparoscopic right hemicolectomy (D3 + CME) with an optimal mesentery-defined approach. By identifying three "tri-junctions," this approach facilitates dissection of the entire mesocolon along the embryologic planes as far centrally as possible and enables the high tie of feeding vessels at bifurcation...
December 19, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898181/endovenous-ablation-therapy-laser-or-radiofrequency-or-foam-sclerotherapy-versus-conventional-surgical-repair-for-short-saphenous-varicose-veins
#6
REVIEW
Sharath Chandra Vikram Paravastu, Margaret Horne, P Dominic F Dodd
BACKGROUND: Short (or small) saphenous vein (SSV) varices occur as a result of an incompetent sapheno-popliteal junction, where the SSV joins the popliteal vein, resulting in reflux in the SSV; they account for about 15% of varicose veins. Untreated varicose veins may sometimes lead to ulceration of the leg, which is difficult to manage. Traditionally, treatment was restricted to surgery or conservative management. Since the 1990s, however, a number of minimally invasive techniques have been developed; these do not normally require a general anaesthetic, are day-case procedures with a quicker return to normal activities and avoid the risk of wound infection which may occur following surgery...
29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865217/-multidimensional-strategy-regarding-the-reduction-of-central-line-associated-infection-in-pediatric-intensive-care
#7
Jorge Rodrigues, Andrea Dias, Guiomar Oliveira, José Farela Neves
INTRODUCTION: To determine the central-line associated bloodstream infection rate after implementation of central venous catheter-care practice bundles and guidelines and to compare it with the previous central-line associated bloodstream infection rate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal, observational descriptive study with an exploratory component was performed in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit during five months. The universe was composed of every child admitted to Pediatric Intensive Care Unit who inserted a central venous catheter...
June 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847619/central-retinal-vein-occlusion-concomitant-with-dengue-fever
#8
Punithamalar Velaitham, Nandini Vijayasingham
BACKGROUND: Dengue virus infection is on the rise and there is increasing number of ocular complications that are being reported. Most common ocular complications are macular edema, macular hemorrhages, and foveolitis. There are case reports on branch retinal vessel occlusions. Most of the ocular complications are attributed to the bleeding tendency and transudative process in dengue viral infection. This is a case report of ischemic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) concomitant with dengue fever...
2016: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837504/histopathology
#9
Renate Kain
The detection of fungal elements and their characterization in patient specimens provides fundamental information. On histological sections fungi are most frequently seen on skin or mucosal surfaces or as mycotic thrombi or emboli that can occlude both arteries and veins in surgical specimen from immunocompromised patients or tissues obtained from autopsies. Microbial culture continues to be the central method for diagnosing fungal infection but is complemented by histomorphology using specific stains capable of identifying previously unsuspected fungal infections or for evaluating tissue invasion...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781373/home-hemodialysis-associated-infection-the-achilles-heel-of-intensive-hemodialysis
#10
REVIEW
Clara K Poon, Christopher T Chan
Home hemodialysis (HHD) is emerging as an important alternate renal replacement therapy. Although there are multiple clinical advantages with HHD, concerns surrounding increased risks of infection in this group of patients remain a major barrier to its implementation. In contrast to conventional hemodialysis, infection related complication represents the major morbidity in this mode of renal replacement therapy. Vascular access related infection is an important cause of infection in this population. Use of central vein catheters and buttonhole cannulation in HHD are important modifiable risk factors for HHD associated infection...
October 25, 2016: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780607/ultrasound-guided-deep-arm-veins-insertion-of-long-peripheral-catheters-in-patients-with-difficult-venous-access-after-cardiac-surgery
#11
Adam Fabiani, Lorella Dreas, Gianfranco Sanson
OBJECTIVES: To analyze success rate, dwell-time, and complications of long peripheral venous catheters (L-PVCs) inserted under ultrasound guidance. BACKGROUND: In difficult venous access (DVA) patients, L-PVC can represent an alternative to central or midline catheters. METHODS: Prospective observational study. L-PVCs were positioned in DVA patients. The outcome of the cannulation procedure and the times and reasons for catheters removal were analyzed...
January 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764233/escrt-i-protein-tsg101-plays-a-role-in-the-post-macropinocytic-trafficking-and-infection-of-endothelial-cells-by-kaposi-s-sarcoma-associated-herpesvirus
#12
Binod Kumar, Dipanjan Dutta, Jawed Iqbal, Mairaj Ahmed Ansari, Arunava Roy, Leela Chikoti, Gina Pisano, Mohanan Valiya Veettil, Bala Chandran
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) binding to the endothelial cell surface heparan sulfate is followed by sequential interactions with α3β1, αVβ3 and αVβ5 integrins and Ephrin A2 receptor tyrosine kinase (EphA2R). These interactions activate host cell pre-existing FAK, Src, PI3-K and RhoGTPase signaling cascades, c-Cbl mediated ubiquitination of receptors, recruitment of CIB1, p130Cas and Crk adaptor molecules, and membrane bleb formation leading to lipid raft dependent macropinocytosis of KSHV into human microvascular dermal endothelial (HMVEC-d) cells...
October 2016: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753744/healthy-life-years-lost-and-excess-bed-days-due-to-6-patient-safety-incidents-empirical-evidence-from-english-hospitals
#13
Katharina D Hauck, Shaolin Wang, Charles Vincent, Peter C Smith
BACKGROUND: There is little satisfactory evidence on the harm of safety incidents to patients, in terms of lost potential health and life-years. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the healthy life-years (HLYs) lost due to 6 incidents in English hospitals between the years 2005/2006 and 2009/2010, to compare burden across incidents, and estimate excess bed-days. RESEARCH DESIGN: The study used cross-sectional analysis of the medical records of all inpatients treated in 273 English hospitals...
October 6, 2016: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743808/arteriovenous-fistula-combined-with-brachial-artery-superficialization-is-effective-in-patients-with-a-high-risk-of-maturation-failure
#14
Masaaki Murakami, Genichi Sakaguchi, Noriko Mori
OBJECTIVE: In patients with a high risk of fistula immaturity, we created arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) combined with brachial artery superficialization. With this procedure, the superficialized arteries are used as drawing routes and the AVFs as returning routes. This is a technical report about AVFs combined with brachial artery superficialization. METHODS: Twenty-four consecutive patients with a high risk of fistula immaturity who underwent AVFs with brachial artery superficialization were included in this single-center retrospective study...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709306/axillo-iliac-arteriovenous-hemodialysis-graft-creation-with-an-early-cannulation-device
#15
Carlos A Hinojosa, Javier E Anaya-Ayala, Alejandra Lopez-Mendez, Zeniff Gomez-Arcive, Hugo Laparra-Escareno, Cesar Cuen-Ojeda, Rene Lizola, Adriana Torres-Machorro
Exhaustion of superficial veins coupled with the presence of intrathoracic central venous occlusions remains a significant obstacle for hemodialysis access creation; complex arteriovenous graft (AVG) configurations have been described. The axillary-iliac AVG was first reported in 1987, and few authors have explored this access. We evaluated our experience with this AVG configuration utilizing the early cannulation (EC) graft Flixene™ (Atrium ™, Hudson, NH, USA). Eight patients (75 % men; mean age 37 ± 10 years) with End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) underwent axillo-iliac AVG creation with Flixene™ grafts; all had exhausted peripheral veins, occluded thoracic central veins, and inadequate femoral veins...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709274/-injuries-to-blood-vessels-near-the-heart-caused-by-central-venous-catheters
#16
J Abram, J Klocker, N Innerhofer-Pompernigg, M Mittermayr, M C Freund, N Gravenstein, V Wenzel
Injuries to blood vessels near the heart can quickly become life-threatening and include arterial injuries during central venous puncture, which can lead to hemorrhagic shock. We report 6 patients in whom injury to the subclavian artery and vein led to life-threatening complications. Central venous catheters are associated with a multitude of risks, such as venous thrombosis, air embolism, systemic or local infections, paresthesia, hemothorax, pneumothorax, and cervical hematoma, which are not always immediately discernible...
October 5, 2016: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687060/complications-in-posteromedial-arthroscopic-suture-of-the-medial-meniscus
#17
N Jan, B Sonnery-Cottet, J-M Fayard, C Kajetanek, M Thaunat
INTRODUCTION: All-inside posteromedial suture for lesions of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repair provides effective freshening and good healing. HYPOTHESIS: The posteromedial portal provides satisfactory healing rates without increasing morbidity or complications rates. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Intra- and postoperative complications were collected for a consecutive single-center series of 132 patients undergoing posteromedial hook suture of the medial meniscus in ACL repair...
September 26, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647824/evaluating-safety-of-tunneled-small-bore-central-venous-catheters-in-chronic-kidney-disease-population-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#18
Gauri Bhutani, Mireille El Ters, Walter K Kremers, Joe L Klunder, Sandra J Taler, Amy W Williams, Andrew H Stockland, Marie C Hogan
Introduction Peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) may adversely impact future successful arteriovenous fistulae (AVF). As part of a quality improvement project, the performance of tunneled small bore tunneled central venous catheters (TSB-CVCs), as alternatives to PICCs, was evaluated. Methods A retrospective observational study, involving individuals ≥18 years of age who underwent TSB-CVC placement by Interventional Radiology at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN between 1/1/2010 and 8/30/2013...
September 20, 2016: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587208/-terminal-branches-portal-vein-embolization-for-planed-hepatectomy
#19
S Y Peng, C Y Huang, J T Li, Y Y Zhang, X W He, Y F Wang, D F Hong, X J Cai
OBJECTIVE: To explore the application of the technique of terminal branches portal vein embolization(TBPVE)for planed hepatectomy. METHODS: From February 2016 to June 2016, 4 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma underwent TBPVE and liver resection in Yuebei People's Hospital (n=3) and Jiangxi Ji'an Central People's Hospital (n=1). All of them were male and were 50, 64, 39 and 47 years old respectively. All the tumors located in the right lobe. All patients had the liver function of Child-Pugh A classification and liver cirrhosis level of G2S4...
September 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578550/brachiocephalic-vein-for-percutaneous-ultrasound-guided-central-line-positioning-in-children-a-20-month-preliminary-experience-with-109-procedures
#20
Stefano Avanzini, Leila Mameli, Nicola Disma, Clelia Zanaboni, Andrea Dato, Giovanni Montobbio, Luigi Montagnini, Michela Bevilacqua, Filomena Pierri, Massimo Conte, Loredana Amoroso, Giovanna Pala, Sara Pestarino, Elio Castagnola, Angelo Claudio Molinari, Concetta Micalizzi, Giuseppe Morreale, Girolamo Mattioli, A Pini Prato
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided (USG) cannulation of the brachiocephalic vein (BCV) is gaining worldwide consensus for central venous access in children. This study reports a 20-month experience with this approach in children. METHODS: All patients who underwent percutaneous USG central venous catheter (CVC) positioning in the BCV between August 2013 and March 2015 have been included. Devices inserted during this period were open-ended, either single or double-lumen tunneled CVC...
February 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
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