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Abdominal Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430714/ultrasound-molecular-imaging-of-inflammation-in-mouse-abdominal-aorta
#1
Shiying Wang, Sunil Unnikrishnan, Elizabeth B Herbst, Alexander L Klibanov, Frank William Mauldin, John A Hossack
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to demonstrate a new clinically translatable ultrasound molecular imaging approach, modulated acoustic radiation force-based imaging, which is capable of rapid and reliable detection of inflammation as validated in mouse abdominal aorta. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Animal studies were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee at the University of Virginia. C57BL/6 mice stimulated with tumor necrosis factor α, or fed with a high-fat diet, were used as inflammation (MInflammation) and diet-induced obesity (DIO) (MDIO) models, respectively...
April 20, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430689/perioperative-outcomes-of-robotic-assisted-hysterectomy-compared-with-open-hysterectomy
#2
Bhargavi Gali, Jamie N Bakkum-Gamez, David J Plevak, Darrell Schroeder, Timothy O Wilson, Christopher J Jankowski
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of robotic hysterectomies (RH) are being performed. To provide ventilation (with pneumoperitoneum and steep Trendelenburg position) for these procedures, utilization of lung protective strategies with limiting airway pressures and tidal volumes is difficult. Little is known about the effects of intraoperative mechanical ventilation and high peak airway pressures on perioperative complications. We performed a retrospective review to determine whether patients undergoing RH had increased pulmonary complications compared to total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH)...
April 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428959/copy-number-variations-in-candidate-genes-and-intergenic-regions-affect-body-mass-index-and-abdominal-obesity-in-mexican-children
#3
Diana Lizzete Antúnez-Ortiz, Eugenia Flores-Alfaro, Ana Isabel Burguete-García, Amélie Bonnefond, Jesús Peralta-Romero, Philippe Froguel, Mónica Espinoza-Rojo, Miguel Cruz
Introduction. Increase in body weight is a gradual process that usually begins in childhood and in adolescence as a result of multiple interactions among environmental and genetic factors. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between copy number variants (CNVs) in five genes and four intergenic regions with obesity in Mexican children. Methods. We studied 1423 children aged 6-12 years. Anthropometric measurements and blood levels of biochemical parameters were obtained. Identification of CNVs was performed by real-time PCR...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428714/predictors-for-difficult-cecal-insertion-in-colonoscopy-the-impact-of-obesity-indices
#4
Soo Yun Moon, Byung Chang Kim, Dae Kyung Sohn, Kyung Su Han, Bun Kim, Chang Won Hong, Bum Joon Park, Kum Hei Ryu, Ji Hyung Nam
AIM: To identify the factors influencing cecal insertion time (CIT) and to evaluate the effect of obesity indices on CIT. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data for participants who received both colonoscopy and abdominal computed tomography (CT) from February 2008 to May 2008 as part of a comprehensive health screening program. Age, gender, obesity indices [body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip circumference ratio (WHR), waist circumference (WC), visceral adipose tissue (VAT) volume and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) volume on abdominal CT], history of prior abdominal surgery, constipation, experience of the colonoscopist, quality of bowel preparation, diverticulosis and time required to reach the cecum were analyzed...
April 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427839/the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-older-adults-in-ecuador-results-of-the-sabe-survey
#5
Carlos H Orces, Enrique Lopez Gavilanez
AIMS: To describe the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among older adults in Ecuador. A secondary objective was to examine the relationship between metabolic syndrome and its components and insulin resistance among non-diabetic participants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The National Survey of Health, Wellbeing, and Aging survey was used to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome according to demographic, behavioral, and health characteristics of the participants...
April 11, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427831/prevalence-of-abdominal-obesity-among-chinese-adults-in-2011
#6
Pei Du, Hui-Jun Wang, Bing Zhang, Su-Fen Qi, Ying-Jun Mi, Dian-Wu Liu, Qing-Bao Tian
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of abdominal obesity is increasing dramatically worldwide. This study aimed to estimate the current prevalence of abdominal obesity from the 2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) and compare the data with other countries. METHODS: Waist circumference (WC) of 12,326 Chinese adults (aged 20 years or older) from the 2011 CHNS were analyzed by age group and region. Abdominal obesity was defined as a WC ≥90 cm for men and WC ≥80 cm for women based on World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations for Asians...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427485/gender-specific-association-of-sleep-duration-with-body-mass-index-waist-circumference-and-body-fat-in-chinese-adults
#7
Liu Xia Yan, Xiao Rong Chen, Bo Chen, Ya Min Bai, Jian Hong Li, Xin Wei Zhang, Zhong Dong, Hao Wang, Sheng Quan Mi, Wen Hua Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between habitual sleep duration and obesity among Chinese adults. METHODS: The association of sleep duration and obesity was investigated among 7,094 community-dwelling Chinese adults. Sleep duration was self-reported. In this study, obesity was defined as follows: body mass index (BMI) ⋝ 28 kg/m2, waist circumference (WC) ⋝ 85 cm in men and ⋝ 80 cm in women, and percent body fat (%BF) ⋝ 25 in men and ⋝ 35 in women...
March 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427375/relation-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-body-compositions-among-chinese-adolescents-and-adults-from-a-large-scale-population-survey
#8
Tao Xu, Junting Liu, Junxiu Liu, Guangjin Zhu, Shaomei Han
BACKGROUND: Few nationally representative surveys regarding body composition and metabolic syndrome (MetS) have been done in a large-scale representative Chinese population to explore the prediction of body composition indicators for MetS. The objective of this study was to examine the relation of body composition and MetS and to determine the optimal cut-off values of body composition indicators that predict MetS in a large representative Chinese sample based on multiple provinces and ethnicities, covering a broad age range from 10 to 80 years old...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421790/abdominal-obesity-is-strongly-associated-to-blood-pressure-in-young-mexicans
#9
Rene Urquidez Romero, Miguel Murguía Romero, Julián Esparza Romero, Beatriz Araceli Díaz Torres, Alejandra Rodríguez Tadeo, Gabriel Medrano Donlucas, Arnulfo Ramos Jiménez, Abraham Wall Medrano, Itzell A Gallardo Ortíz, Diana C Tapia-Pancardo C Tapia Pancardo, A René Méndez Cruz, J Rafael Jiménez Flores, Rafael Villalobos Molina
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine associations between abdominal obesity (AOb) and the other components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in young Mexicans in a cross-sectional survey completed during a 4 year period. METHODS: This cross-sectional study reports on components and prevalence of MetS by using Alberti et al. (16) criteria, as well as association between AOb and elevated blood pressure (BP) of 2,993 Mexican university students, ages 17 to 25 years (66% women) from central and northern Mexico, over a 4-year survey (2010-2013)...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421475/association-of-white-and-red-meat-consumption-with-general-and-abdominal-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study-among-a-population-of-iranian-military-families-in-2016
#10
Arasb Dabbagh-Moghadam, Hassan Mozaffari-Khosravi, Morteza Nasiri, Ali Miri, Maliehe Rahdar, Omid Sadeghi
PURPOSE: To assess the association of red and white meat consumption with general and abdominal obesity among Iranian military families. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 525 subjects with age range of 19-55 years belong to military families of Army of Islamic Republic of Iran were recruited during 2016. Dietary data were collected using semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire. A self-reported questionnaire was used to collect data on demographic characteristics and anthropometric measurements...
April 18, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421328/association-of-adiponectin-leptin-and-resistin-with-inflammatory-markers-and-obesity-in-dementia
#11
Małgorzata Bednarska-Makaruk, Ałła Graban, Anna Wiśniewska, Wanda Łojkowska, Anna Bochyńska, Magdalena Gugała-Iwaniuk, Ksenia Sławińska, Agnieszka Ługowska, Danuta Ryglewicz, Hanna Wehr
The aim of the study was to determine the role of adiponectin, leptin and resistin in various types of dementia and to investigate their association with inflammatory markers, insulin resistance and abdominal obesity. In 205 patients with dementia [89 with Alzheimer's disease (AD), 47 with vascular dementia (VaD), 69 with mixed dementia (MD)], 113 persons with mild cognitive impairment and in 107 controls serum adiponectin, leptin and resistin levels, pro-inflammatory [interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and chitotriosidase] and anti-inflammatory (25-OH vitamin D, HDL-cholesterol and paraoxonase 1) markers, as well as glucose metabolism parameters (glucose, insulin and HOMA-IR) were determined...
April 18, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420718/sex-bmi-and-age-differences-in-metabolic-syndrome-the-dutch-lifelines-cohort-study
#12
Sandra Nicole Slagter, Robert P van Waateringe, André P van Beek, Melanie M van der Klauw, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its individual components within sex-, body mass index (BMI)- and age combined clusters. In addition, we used the diagnostic age-adjusted blood pressure thresholds to demonstrate the effect on the prevalence of MetS and elevated blood pressure. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 74,531 western European participants, aged 18-79 years, was used from the Dutch Lifelines Cohort Study...
April 18, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420559/recent-trends-in-the-prevalence-of-underweight-overweight-and-obesity-in-korean-adults-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-from-1998-to-2014
#13
Hyun-Young Shin, Hee-Taik Kang
BACKGROUND: Recent obesity studies have reported that the rising trend in obesity has stabilized or leveled off. Our study aimed to update estimates of the recent prevalence trend in obesity based on the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1998-2014. METHODS: A total of 66,663 subjects were included and defined as being either underweight, overweight, or obese, in accordance with a BMI of 18.5 kg/m(2) or lower, 23 kg/m(2) or higher, and 25 kg/m(2) or higher, respectively...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416385/abdominal-adiposity-and-low-physical-activity-are-independently-and-inversely-associated-with-bone-mineral-density
#14
Chandramouli Krishnan, Palak Choksi, Mark D Peterson
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Obesity is a highly heterogeneous condition, and the link between adiposity distribution profiles and skeletal health is not well understood. This study examined the association between adiposity and bone mineral density (BMD) in a large cohort (5268 individuals) of US adults aged 20-85 years. RESULTS: Body mass index (BMI) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity were positively associated with BMD. Conversely, abdominal adiposity was negatively associated with BMD, even after adjusting for age, race, BMI, and objectively-measured physical activity...
April 14, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413464/anti-climacterium-effects-of-pomegranate-concentrated-solutions-in-ovariectomized-ddy-mice
#15
Su Jin Kang, Beom Rak Choi, Seung Hee Kim, Hae Yeon Yi, Hye Rim Park, Chang Hyun Song, Sae Kwang Ku, Young Joon Lee
In the present study, the complex anti-climacterium potential of standardized pomegranate concentrated solution (PCS) was investigated using bilateral ovariectomy (OVX) female ddY mice. Changes in body weight and gain during experimental periods, food consumption, serum estradiol levels, total body and abdominal fat densities, abdominal fat pads, and uterus weights were observed, along with the histopathology of abdominal fat pads and uterus for anti-obesity and estrogenic effects. In addition, liver weights, serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, and histopathological inspections were performed to explore the hepato-protective effects...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413386/severe-malignant-acanthosis-nigricans-associated-with-adenocarcinoma-of-the-endometrium-in-a-young-obese-female
#16
Jacqueline Deen, Thomas Moloney, David Burdon-Jones
Acanthosis nigricans (AN) is a dermatopathy associated with insulin-resistance, drugs, endocrine disorders, chromosomal abnormalities (benign AN), and neoplasia (malignant AN). Malignant AN (MAN) is a rare paraneoplastic skin syndrome most commonly associated with gastric adenocarcinoma and other intra-abdominal malignancies. We report the case of a 28-year-old female with AN associated with obesity, insulin resistance, and endometrial adenocarcinoma. Although rare, MAN is often an initial sign of malignancy and must trigger extensive investigation, particularly in patients with sudden development of possibly paraneoplastic dermatoses or in patients diagnosed with benign AN with any atypical features...
January 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412824/assessment-of-lean-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-a-middle-income-country-prevalence-and-its-association-with-metabolic-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Mohammadreza Naderian, Shadi Kolahdoozan, Amir Sina Sharifi, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Mehdi Yaseri, Hossein Poustchi, Amir Ali Sohrabpour
BACKGROUND: Recent data has proven that the WHO (world health organization) cut-off for obesity is not applicable to the Asian population. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of lean NAFLD (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) in the capital of Iran and extract probable predictors for this growing health issue in this population. METHODS: This is a population-based cross-sectional study on apparently healthy subjects over 18 years of age. The participants were interviewed for baseline demographic and clinical information...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412573/patient-characteristics-associated-with-differences-in-radiation-exposure-from-pediatric-abdomen-pelvis-ct-scans-a-quantile-regression-analysis
#18
Jennifer N Cooper, Daniel L Lodwick, Brent Adler, Choonsik Lee, Peter C Minneci, Katherine J Deans
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) is a widely used diagnostic tool in pediatric medicine. However, due to concerns regarding radiation exposure, it is essential to identify patient characteristics associated with higher radiation burden from CT imaging, in order to more effectively target efforts towards dose reduction. Our objective was to identify the effects of various demographic and clinical patient characteristics on radiation exposure from single abdomen/pelvis CT scans in children...
April 12, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411907/epidemiology-of-the-small-renal-mass-and-the-treatment-disconnect-phenomenon
#19
REVIEW
Robert M Turner, Todd M Morgan, Bruce L Jacobs
The incidence of kidney cancer has steadily increased over recent decades, with most new cases now found when lesions are asymptomatic and small. This downward stage migration relates to the increasing use of abdominal imaging. Three public health epidemics-smoking, hypertension, and obesity-also play roles in the increase. Treatment mirrors the rise in incidence, with increasing interest in nephron-sparing therapies. Despite earlier detection and increasing treatment, the mortality rate has not decreased. This treatment disconnect phenomenon highlights the need to decrease unnecessary treatment of indolent tumors and address modifiable risk factors to reduce incidence and mortality...
May 2017: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411147/20-year-trend-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-urban-and-rural-national-capital-region-of-delhi-india
#20
Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Ambuj Roy, Pradeep A Praveen, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, Ruby Gupta, Ritvik Amarchand, Dimple Kondal, Kalpana Singh, Meenakshi Sharma, Deepak Kumar Shukla, Nikhil Tandon, Kolli Srinath Reddy, Anand Krishnan
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization and the Government of India have set targets to reduce burden of noncommunicable diseases. Information on population level trend of risk factors would provide insights regarding the possibility of achieving them. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the population trends of cardiovascular disease risk factors in the National Capital Region of Delhi over 2 decades. METHODS: Two representative cross-sectional surveys were conducted among men and women ages 35 to 64 years, residing in the urban and rural areas (survey 1 [1991 to 1994] and survey 2 [2010 to 2012]) using similar methodology...
April 11, 2017: Global Heart
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