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Abdominal Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918170/lifestyle-predictors-of-obese-and-non-obese-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Joo Hee Kwak, Dae Won Jun, Seung Min Lee, Yong Kyun Cho, Kang Nyeong Lee, Hang Lak Lee, Oh Young Lee, Ho Soon Choi, Byung Chul Yoon
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Most people with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are obese, and they usually eat more while being less physically active as compared to healthy individuals. However, little is known about the lifestyle patterns of non-obese or obese patients with NAFLD. The aim of this study was to investigate nutrition components and behavioral differences between non-obese and obese patients with NAFLD. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study comprising of 209 patients...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916573/abdominal-obesity-and-risk-of-hip-fracture-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#2
REVIEW
Omid Sadeghi, Parvaneh Saneei, Morteza Nasiri, Bagher Larijani, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
Data on the association between general obesity and hip fracture were summarized in a 2013 meta-analysis; however, to our knowledge, no study has examined the association between abdominal obesity and the risk of hip fracture. The present systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies was undertaken to summarize the association between abdominal obesity and the risk of hip fracture. We searched online databases for relevant publications up to February 2017, using relevant keywords. In total, 14 studies were included in the systematic review and 9 studies, with a total sample size of 295,674 individuals (129,964 men and 165,703 women), were included in the meta-analysis...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916164/-analysis-of-clinical-relevance-applied-to-3methods-of-reducing-weight-in-overweight-or-obesity-followed-up-for-one-year
#3
M L Tárraga Marcos, J M Panisello Royo, J A Carbayo Herencia, N Rosich Domenech, J Alins Presas, E Castell Panisello, P J Tárraga López
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effect of the use/implementation of 3methods to reduce weight in overweight or obese patients during one year of follow up. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The design corresponds to a double-blind, randomised, controlled clinical trial with 3arms, and 12 months of follow-up. Patients were randomised into 3intervention groups: obesity motivational intervention, with a nurse previously trained in motivational intervention by expert psychologists (G1; n=60); lower intensity consultation, non-motivational group, with digital platform support (G2; N=61), and a third group that received recommendations for weight loss and follow-up in Primary Care Clinic (G3; n=59)...
September 12, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913560/deregulation-of-obesity-relevant-genes-is-associated-with-progression-in-bmi-and-the-amount-of-adipose-tissue-in-pigs
#4
Caroline M Junker Mentzel, Tainã Figueiredo Cardoso, Christian Bressen Pipper, Mette Juul Jacobsen, Claus Bøttcher Jørgensen, Susanna Cirera, Merete Fredholm
The aim of this study was to elucidate the relative impact of three phenotypes often used to characterize obesity on perturbation of molecular pathways involved in obesity. The three obesity-related phenotypes are (1) body mass index (BMI), (2) amount of subcutaneous adipose tissue (SATa), and (3) amount of retroperitoneal adipose tissue (RPATa). Although it is generally accepted that increasing amount of RPATa is 'unhealthy', a direct comparison of the relative impact of the three obesity-related phenotypes on gene expression has, to our knowledge, not been performed previously...
September 14, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913120/effects-of-the-morbid-obesity-and-skin-incision-choices-on-surgical-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-total-abdominal-hysterectomy
#5
Ebru Ersoy, Özlem Evliyaoğlu, Okyar Erol, Ali Özgür Ersoy, Mehmet Akif Akgül, Ali Haberal
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of obesity on surgical outcomes in patients who underwent gynecologic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, we evaluated 132 patients who underwent total abdominal hysterectomy with or without salpingo-oophorectomy for benign gynecologic procedures at our tertiary referral gynaecology clinic. RESULTS: The non-morbid obese group [body mass index (BMI) <40 kg/m(2)] included 94 patients, and the morbid obese group (BMI ≥40 kg/m(2)) included 38 patients...
December 2016: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912305/effects-of-liraglutide-on-weight-loss-fat-distribution-and-%C3%AE-cell-function-in-obese-subjects-with-prediabetes-or-early-type-2-diabetes
#6
Francesca Santilli, Paola G Simeone, Maria T Guagnano, Marika Leo, Marica T Maccarone, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Cristina Sborgia, Riccardo C Bonadonna, Ermanno Angelucci, Virginia Federico, Stefano Cianfarani, Lamberto Manzoli, Giovanni Davì, Armando Tartaro, Agostino Consoli
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular complications. The risk depends significantly on adipose tissue distribution. Liraglutide, a glucagon-like peptide 1 analog, is associated with weight loss, improved glycemic control, and reduced cardiovascular risk. We determined whether an equal degree of weight loss by liraglutide or lifestyle changes has a different impact on subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) in obese subjects with prediabetes or early type 2 diabetes...
September 14, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911175/hyperandrogenemia-induced-by-letrozole-treatment-of-pubertal-female-mice-results-in-hyperinsulinemia-prior-to-weight-gain-and-insulin-resistance
#7
Danalea V Skarra, Angelina Hernández-Carretero, Alissa J Rivera, Arya R Anvar, Varykina G Thackray
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) diagnosed with hyperandrogenism and ovulatory dysfunction have an increased risk of developing metabolic disorders, including type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. We previously developed a model that uses letrozole to elevate endogenous testosterone levels in female mice. This model has hallmarks of PCOS, including hyperandrogenism, anovulation, and polycystic ovaries, as well as increased abdominal adiposity and glucose intolerance. In the current study, we further characterized the metabolic dysfunction that occurs after letrozole treatment to determine whether this model represents a PCOS-like metabolic phenotype...
September 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910398/body-composition-and-prediction-equations-using-skinfold-thickness-for-body-fat-percentage-in-southern-brazilian-adolescents
#8
Wagner Luis Ripka, Leandra Ulbricht, Pedro Miguel Gewehr
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to: a) determine the nutritional status of Brazilian adolescents, and; b) present a skinfold thickness model (ST) to estimate body fat developed with Brazilian samples, using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as reference method. METHODS: The main study group was composed of 374 adolescents, and further 42 adolescents for the validation group. Weight, height, waist circumference measurements, and body mass index (BMI) were collected, as well as nine ST-biceps (BI), triceps (TR), chest (CH), axillary (AX) subscapularis (SB), abdominal (AB), suprailiac (SI), medial thigh (TH), calf (CF), and fat percentage (%BF) obtained by DXA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910301/prevalence-of-overweight-obesity-abdominal-obesity-and-obesity-related-risk-factors-in-southern-china
#9
Lihua Hu, Xiao Huang, Chunjiao You, Juxiang Li, Kui Hong, Ping Li, Yanqing Wu, Qinhua Wu, Zengwu Wang, Runlin Gao, Huihui Bao, Xiaoshu Cheng
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of overweight/obesity, abdominal obesity and obesity-related risk factors in southern China. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 15,364 participants aged 15 years and older was conducted from November 2013 to August 2014 in Jiangxi Province, China, using questionnaire forms and physical measurements. The physical measurements included body height, weight, waist circumference (WC), body fat percentage (BFP) and visceral adipose index (VAI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906398/abdominal-fat-distribution-measured-using-computed-tomography-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-colorectal-adenoma-in-men
#10
Il-Kook Seo, Beom Jin Kim, Bomin Kim, Chang Hwan Choi, Jeong Wook Kim, Jae Gyu Kim, Se Kyung Chang, Hyun Kang
A few studies have shown inconsistent results regarding the association between the visceral fat proportion and colorectal adenomas. We aimed to investigate the association between abdominal fat distribution measured by computed tomography (CT) and colon adenoma.A total of 336 participants underwent physical examination, blood tests, colonoscopy, and abdominal computed tomography at Chung-Ang University Hospital. The associations between the obesity indicies (body mass index, visceral fat area (VFA), subcutaneous fat area (SFA), VFA-to-SFA ratio (VFA/SFA), and colorectal adenomas were evaluated...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904916/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-psoriasis-and-levels-of-interleukin-6-and-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-in-psoriasis-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-indian-tertiary-care-hospital-study
#11
Surjit Singh, Sunil Dogra, Nusrat Shafiq, Anil Bhansali, Samir Malhotra
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory multisystem disease, found to be associated with metabolic syndrome (MS) and increased levels of cytokines. To evaluate the prevalence of MS in psoriasis and to determine the levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in psoriasis patients with MS. METHODS: Observational study on 334 psoriasis patients and 230 controls. MS was diagnosed by the presence of three or more criteria of original, revised, and modified National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III)...
July 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901468/apolipoprotein-a5-regulates-intracellular-triglyceride-metabolism-in-adipocytes
#12
Xiao-Yan Zheng, Bi-Lian Yu, Yu-Fei Xie, Shui-Ping Zhao, Chen-Lu Wu
It has previously been demonstrated that apolipoprotein A5 (apoA5) can be internalized by human adipocytes and significantly decreases intracellular triglyceride content. In the present study, endocytosis of apoA5 by adipocytes under different conditions, and the underlying mechanism by which apoA5 regulates cellular triglyceride storage, was investigated. The results revealed that the apoA5 protein was detected in human subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissues. In addition, the uptake of apoA5 was attenuated in human obese adipose tissues and in cultured adipocytes with hypertrophy or insulin resistance...
September 11, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895763/relationship-of-eating-behaviors-with-age-anthropometric-measurements-and-body-composition-parameters-among-professional-indian-women
#13
Aatma Singh, Kiran Bains, Harpreet Kaur
One hundred volunteer female college teachers were selected from Jalandhar, Punjab, India. General obesity was found in 56.6%, 76.9%, and 76.2%, abdominal obesity in 56.6%, 57.7%, and 81.0%, of 30- to 39-year-old (Group I), 40- to 49-year-old, (Group II) and 50- to 59-year-old (Group III) participants, respectively. A significantly (p ≤ .05) lower mean value of uncontrolled eating domain was observed in the participants belonging to Group I in comparison to Groups II and III. The cognitive restraint was less in Group III (13...
September 12, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895419/role-of-obesity-and-abdominal-shape-morphometric-features-to-predict-postoperative-complications-and-quality-of-lymph-node-dissection-of-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#14
M HasbahcecI, E MehdI, F U Malya, E Kunduz, N MemmI, S YIgman, A Akcakaya
Obesity and abdominal shape morphometric features have been thought to be independent risk factors for surgical outcomes after gastrectomy.A total of 113 patients undergoing surgery for primary gastric adenocarcinoma from June 2011 to January 2015 were retrospectively included. Body mass index, visceral fatty area, anterior-posterior abdominal and transverse diameters and depth ratio at levels of the umbilicus, the gastroesophageal junction and the root of the celiac artery were measured or calculated. Patients were grouped according to body mass index (<25...
September 12, 2017: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894539/prevalence-risk-factors-and-character-of-abdominal-hernia-in-arar-city-northern-saudi-arabia-in-2017
#15
Abdulmajeed AhmedAlenazi, Mahmoud Mohammed Alsharif, Malik Azhar Hussain, Naif Gharbi Alenezi, Abdulrhman Ahmed Alenazi, Shouq Amjad Almadani, Nour Homoud Alanazi, Jazzaa Hammad Alshammari, Alwaleed Oqab Altimyat, Tariq Hulayyil Alanazi
BACKGROUND: Abdominal wall hernias are a very common surgical condition affecting all ages and both sexes. The main risk factors of hernias include pregnancy, weight lifting, constipation, and weight gain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of abdominal hernias, their causes, treatment and complications among both sexes of the Arar population (Saudi Arabia). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,567 adults living in Arar city in 2017...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892239/impact-of-physical-activity-on-obesity-and-lipid-profile-of-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#16
Krystyna Gawlik, Anna Zwierzchowska, Diana Celebańska
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed overweight, obesity and lipid profiles in adults with intellectual disability and compared these metrics with their physical activity. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Basic somatic parameters, lipid profile and weekly physical activity were examined in 27 adults with moderate intellectual disability. Chi-square independence tests and Pearson's linear correlation coefficients were used. RESULTS: The participants had excess body mass, excess body fat and abdominal obesity...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891956/panax-ginseng-leaf-extracts-exert-anti-obesity-effects-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-rats
#17
Seul-Gi Lee, Yoon-Jeong Lee, Myeong-Hwan Jang, Tae-Ryong Kwon, Ju-Ock Nam
Recent studies have reported that the aerial parts of ginseng contain various saponins, which have anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-obesity properties similar to those of ginseng root. However, the leaf extracts of Korean ginseng have not yet been investigated. In this study, we demonstrate the anti-obesity effects of green leaf and dried leaf extracts (GL and DL, respectively) of ginseng in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese rats. The administration of GL and DL to HFD-induced obese rats significantly decreased body weight (by 96...
September 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889822/the-relationship-between-obesity-and-cognitive-health-and-decline
#18
Louise Dye, Neil Bernard Boyle, Claire Champ, Clare Lawton
The relationship between obesity and cognitive impairment is important given the globally ageing population in whom cognitive decline and neurodegenerative disorders will carry grave individual, societal and financial burdens. This review examines the evidence for the link between obesity and cognitive function in terms of both the immediate effects on cognitive performance, and effects on the trajectory of cognitive ageing and likelihood of dementia. In mid-life, there is a strong association between obesity and impaired cognitive function...
September 11, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884432/plasma-enterolactone-and-risk-of-prostate-cancer-in-middle-aged-swedish-men
#19
Peter Wallström, Isabel Drake, Emily Sonestedt, Bo Gullberg, Anders Bjartell, Håkan Olsson, Herman Adlercreutz, Matti J Tikkanen, Elisabet Wirfält
PURPOSE: Enterolactone (ENL) is formed in the human gut after consumption of lignans, has estrogenic properties, and has been associated with risk of prostate cancer. We examined the association between plasma ENL levels and prostate cancer in a nested case-control study within the population-based Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort. We also examined the association between plasma ENL and dietary and lifestyle factors. METHODS: The study population consisted of 1010 cases occurring during a mean follow-up of 14...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883982/assessment-of-the-agreement-between-the-framingham-and-dad-risk-equations-for-estimating-cardiovascular-risk-in-adult-africans-living-with-hiv-infection-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Steve Raoul Noumegni, Vicky Jocelyne Moor Ama, Felix K Assah, Jean Joel Bigna, Jobert Richie Nansseu, Jenny Arielle M Kameni, Jean-Claude Katte, Mesmin Y Dehayem, Andre Pascal Kengne, Eugene Sobngwi
BACKGROUND: The Absolute cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk evaluation using multivariable CVD risk models is increasingly advocated in people with HIV, in whom existing models remain largely untested. We assessed the agreement between the general population derived Framingham CVD risk equation and the HIV-specific Data collection on Adverse effects of anti-HIV Drugs (DAD) CVD risk equation in HIV-infected adult Cameroonians. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 452 HIV infected adults recruited at the HIV day-care unit of the Yaoundé Central Hospital, Cameroon...
2017: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines
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