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Abdominal Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816984/age-threshold-for-moderate-and-severe-periodontitis-among-korean-adults-without-diabetes-mellitus-hypertension-metabolic-syndrome-and-or-obesity
#1
Kyungdo Han, Jun-Beom Park
The purpose of this study is to determine an appropriate age threshold at which to recommend the evaluation of moderate and severe periodontitis among Korean adults.This study involved a cross-sectional analysis using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2012 to 2014. Incidence rates of periodontitis with the 95% confidence interval (CI) were evaluated. The predictive accuracy of age for periodontitis was determined by calculating the area under curve (AUC) on the basis of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814963/effects-of-a-liquid-high-fat-meal-on-postprandial-lipid-metabolism-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-abdominal-obesity
#2
Feng Wang, Huixia Lu, Fukang Liu, Huizhen Cai, Zhixiu Song, Fei Guo, Yulan Xie, Guofang Shu, Guiju Sun
BACKGROUND: Postprandial lipemia and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity play crucial roles in the pathogenesis of accelerated atherosclerosis. This study aimed to evaluate the postprandial lipid metabolism after the ingestion of a liquid high-fat meal in type 2 diabetic patients with abdominal obesity, and determine if the PvuII polymorphisms of LPL influence their postprandial lipid responses. METHODS: Serum glucose, insulin, triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were measured in fasting and postprandial state at 0...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814394/dynamics-of-intrapericardial-and-extrapericardial-fat-tissues-during-long-term-dietary-induced-moderate-weight-loss
#3
Gal Tsaban, Arik Wolak, Hila Avni-Hassid, Yftach Gepner, Ilan Shelef, Yaakov Henkin, Dan Schwarzfuchs, Noa Cohen, Nitzan Bril, Michal Rein, Dana Serfaty, Shira Kenigsbuch, Lilac Tene, Hila Zelicha, Anat Yaskolka-Meir, Oded Komy, Avital Bilitzky, Yoash Chassidim, Uta Ceglarek, Michael Stumvoll, Matthias Blüher, Joachim Thiery, Dror Dicker, Assaf Rudich, Meir J Stampfer, Iris Shai
Background: In view of evidence linking pericardial fat accumulation with increased cardiovascular disease risk, strategies to reduce its burden are needed. Data comparing the effects of specific long-term dietary interventions on pericardial fat tissue mobilization are sparse.Objective: We sought to evaluate intrapericardial-fat (IPF) and extrapericardial-fat (EPF) changes during weight-loss interventions by different dietary regimens.Design: During 18 mo of a randomized controlled trial, we compared a Mediterranean/low-carbohydrate (MED/LC) diet plus 28 g walnuts/d with a calorically equal low-fat (LF) diet among randomly assigned participants with moderate abdominal obesity...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811852/the-cluster-of-abnormalities-related-to-metabolic-syndrome-is-associated-with-reduced-glomerular-filtration-rate-and-raised-albuminuria-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Miki Kurata, Akiko Takenouchi, Ayaka Tsuboi, Satomi Minato, Mika Takeuchi, Kaori Kitaoka, Keisuke Fukuo, Tsutomu Kazumi
BACKGROUND: As association of metabolic syndrome (MS) with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has not been extensively studied in patients with type 2 diabetes, we addressed these issues. METHODS: Intrapersonal means of 12 measurements of waist circumference, blood pressure and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and those of six measurements of fasting triglycerides during 12 months were calculated in a cohort of 168 previously reported Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810587/association-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-gestational-diabetes-aggravated-complication-of-pregnancy
#5
Kui Yao, Ce Bian, Xia Zhao
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects 5-20% of the reproductive age women globally. PCOS is diagnosed by the presence of hyperandrogenism, oligo-anovulation, and polycystic morphology of at least one ovary. Insulin resistance (IR), hyperinsulinemia and associated metabolic abnormalities including metabolic syndrome play a significant role in the development of PCOS. The chances of developing MS in PCOS women was shown to increase by almost 14-fold in patients with increasing body mass index. Even in the absence of overt obesity, a preferential deposition of intra-abdominal fat is noted in PCOS women and this intra-abdominal fat leads to impaired insulin action and functional IR and hyperandrogenism...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808565/acute-pancreatitis-a-7-year-retrospective-cohort-study-of-the-epidemiology-aetiology-and-outcome-from-a-tertiary-hospital-in-jamaica
#6
Gail P Reid, Eric W Williams, Damian K Francis, Michael G Lee
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a significant cause of acute abdominal pain, morbidity and hospitalisation. There was previously a dearth of studies exploring the incidence, risk factors and outcome of AP in the Caribbean region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with a diagnosis of AP admitted to the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) between 2006 and 2012 were reviewed. The epidemiological profile, risk factors, clinical presentation and outcomes of patients with AP were retrospectively studied...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806968/cardamom-powder-supplementation-prevents-obesity-improves-glucose-intolerance-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-liver-of-high-carbohydrate-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-rats
#7
Md Mizanur Rahman, Mohammad Nazmul Alam, Anayt Ulla, Farzana Akther Sumi, Nusrat Subhan, Trisha Khan, Bishwajit Sikder, Hemayet Hossain, Hasan Mahmud Reza, Md Ashraful Alam
BACKGROUND: Cardamom is a well-known spice in Indian subcontinent, used in culinary and traditional medicine practices since ancient times. The current investigation was untaken to evaluate the potential benefit of cardamom powder supplementation in high carbohydrate high fat (HCHF) diet induced obese rats. METHOD: Male Wistar rats (28 rats) were divided into four different groups such as Control, Control + cardamom, HCHF, HCHF + cardamom. High carbohydrate and high fat (HCHF) diet was prepared in our laboratory...
August 14, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800274/relationships-between-self-reported-asthma-and-pulmonary-function-and-various-measures-of-obesity
#8
Jaeeun Myung, Hyeain Lee, Tae Hyun Kim, Euna Han
OBJECTIVE: We explore the association with self-reported asthma and pulmonary function based on spirometry measurements using different measures to determine obesity because body mass index (BMI) is limited in not differentiating fat and muscle mass. METHODS: A multi-year cross-sectional study using Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data was conducted between July 2008 and May 2011. A total of 9409 subjects were included in the final analysis...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798202/aerobic-exercise-elevates-markers-of-angiogenesis-and-macrophage-il6-gene-expression-in-the-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-of-overweight-to-obese-adults
#9
Douglas W Van Pelt, Lisa M Guth, Jeffrey F Horowitz
Alterations in the inflammatory state, metabolic function, and structure of subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) can impact the development of insulin resistance in obesity. Exercise can improve metabolic health in obesity, but the effects of exercise on SAT are not well known. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of acute exercise and habitual exercise training on mRNA expression of markers of lipid metabolism, inflammation, fibrosis, and hypoxia/angiogenesis in SAT, as well as adipocyte cell size...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797888/the-weighty-issue-of-obesity-in-paediatric-respiratory-medicine
#10
REVIEW
Dominic A Fitzgerald
Some have observed that developed world is fat and getting fatter. This is even extending into the developing world, and it is important to appreciate that the consequences of childhood obesity last into adulthood and are associated with premature death. From the paediatric respiratory perspective, the deposition of excess adipose tissue in the thoraco-abdominal region begins early in life and is believed to alter diaphragm mobility and chest wall expansion, reduce lung compliance, and result in a rapid shallow breathing pattern with an increased work of breathing and reduction in maximum ventilatory capacity...
June 11, 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797586/obesity-as-defined-by-waist-circumference-but-not-body-mass-index-is-associated-with-higher-renal-mass-complexity
#11
Laura A Bertrand, Lewis J Thomas, Peng Li, Claire M Buchta, Shannon K Boi, Rachael M Orlandella, James A Brown, Kenneth G Nepple, Lyse A Norian
OBJECTIVES: Obesity, typically defined as a body mass index (BMI)≥30kg/m(2), is an established risk factor for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) but is paradoxically linked to less advanced disease at diagnosis and improved outcomes. However, BMI has inherent flaws, and alternate obesity-defining metrics that emphasize abdominal fat are available. We investigated 3 obesity-defining metrics, to better examine the associations of abdominal fat vs. generalized obesity with renal tumor stage, grade, or R...
August 7, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794957/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-metabolic-syndrome-components-in-young-adults-a-pooled-analysis
#12
Paul B Nolan, Graeme Carrick-Ranson, James W Stinear, Stacey A Reading, Lance C Dalleck
Metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) represents a clustering of different metabolic abnormalities. MetSyn prevalence is present in approximately 25% of all adults with increased prevalence in advanced ages. The presence of one component of MetSyn increases the risk of developing MetSyn later in life and likely represents a high lifetime burden of cardiovascular disease risk. Therefore we pooled data from multiple studies to establish the prevalence of MetSyn and MetSyn component prevalence across a broad range of ethnicities...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792488/effect-of-lactobacillus-on-body-weight-and-body-fat-in-overweight-subjects-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#13
REVIEW
L Crovesy, M Ostrowski, D M T P Ferreira, E L Rosado, M Soares-Mota
Gut microbiota is important for maintaining body weight. Modulation of gut microbiota by probiotics may result in weight loss and thus help in obesity treatment. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effects of Lactobacillus on weight loss and/or fat mass in overweight adults. A search was performed on the Medline (PubMed) and Scopus electronic databases using the search terms: 'probiotics', 'Lactobacillus, 'obesity', 'body weight changes', 'weight loss', 'overweight', 'abdominal obesity', 'body composition', 'body weight', 'body fat' and 'fat mass'...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791580/the-role-of-bariatric-surgery-in-abdominal-organ-transplantation-the-next-big-challenge
#14
REVIEW
Tomasz Dziodzio, Matthias Biebl, Robert Öllinger, Johann Pratschke, Christian Denecke
Obesity is linked to inferior transplant outcome. Bariatric surgery (BS) is an established treatment of morbid obesity. We provide an overview on BS in the field of kidney (KT) and liver transplantation (LT). In end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and KT patients, BS seems safe and feasible. Complication rates were slightly higher compared to the non-transplant population, whereas weight loss and improvement of comorbidities were comparable. Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) was the preferred procedure before KT and superior to gastric bypass (GB) in regard to mortality and morbidity...
August 8, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791284/overfat-adults-and-children-in-developed-countries-the-public-health-importance-of-identifying-excess-body-fat
#15
Philip B Maffetone, Ivan Rivera-Dominguez, Paul B Laursen
The global overfat pandemic is a serious public health crisis that places a substantial burden on economic resources in developed countries. The term overfat refers to the presence of excess body fat that can impair health, even for normal weight non-obese individuals. Excess body fat is associated with cardiometabolic dysfunction, a clinical situation that can progressively worsen, potentially leading to various common disease risk factors, chronic diseases, increased morbidity and mortality, and reduced quality of life...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789915/association-of-general-and-abdominal-obesity-with-hypertension-dyslipidemia-and-prediabetes-in-the-predaps-study
#16
F Javier Sangrós, Jesús Torrecilla, Carolina Giráldez-García, Lourdes Carrillo, José Mancera, Teresa Mur, Josep Franch, Javier Díez, Albert Goday, Rosario Serrano, F Javier García-Soidán, Gabriel Cuatrecasas, Dimas Igual, Ana Moreno, J Manuel Millaruelo, Francisco Carramiñana, Manuel Antonio Ruiz, Francisco Carlos Pérez, Yon Iriarte, Ángela Lorenzo, María González, Beatriz Álvarez, Lourdes Barutell, M Soledad Mayayo, Mercedes Del Castillo, Emma Navarro, Fernando Malo, Ainhoa Cambra, Riánsares López, M Ángel Gutiérrez, Luisa Gutiérrez, Carmen Boente, J Javier Mediavilla, Luis Prieto, Luis Mendo, M José Mansilla, Francisco Javier Ortega, Antonia Borras, L Gabriel Sánchez, J Carlos Obaya, Margarita Alonso, Francisco García, Ángela Trinidad Gutiérrez, Ana M Hernández, Dulce Suárez, J Carlos Álvarez, Isabel Sáenz, F Javier Martínez, Ana Casorrán, Jazmín Ripoll, Alejandro Salanova, M Teresa Marín, Félix Gutiérrez, Jaime Innerárity, M Del Mar Álvarez, Sara Artola, M Jesús Bedoya, Santiago Poveda, Fernando Álvarez, M Jesús Brito, Rosario Iglesias, Francisca Paniagua, Pedro Nogales, Ángel Gómez, José Félix Rubio, M Carmen Durán, Julio Sagredo, M Teresa Gijón, M Ángeles Rollán, Pedro P Pérez, Javier Gamarra, Francisco Carbonell, Luis García-Giralda, J Joaquín Antón, Manuel de la Flor, Rosario Martínez, José Luis Pardo, Antonio Ruiz, Raquel Plana, Ramón Macía, Mercè Villaró, Carmen Babace, José Luis Torres, Concepción Blanco, Ángeles Jurado, José Luis Martín, Jorge Navarro, Gloria Sanz, Rafael Colas, Blanca Cordero, Cristina de Castro, Mercedes Ibáñez, Alicia Monzón, Nuria Porta, María Del Carmen Gómez, Rafael Llanes, J José Rodríguez, Esteban Granero, Manuel Sánchez, Juan Martínez, Patxi Ezkurra, Luis Ávila, Carlos de la Sen, Antonio Rodríguez, Pilar Buil, Paula Gabriel, Pilar Roura, Eduard Tarragó, Xavier Mundet, Remei Bosch, J Carles González, M Isabel Bobé, Manel Mata, Irene Ruiz, Flora López, Marti Birules, Oriol Armengol, Rosa Mar de Miguel, Laura Romera, Belén Benito, Neus Piulats, Beatriz Bilbeny, J José Cabré, Xavier Cos, Ramón Pujol, Mateu Seguí, Carmen Losada, A María de Santiago, Pedro Muñoz, Enrique Regidor
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Some anthropometric measurements show a greater capacity than others to identify the presence of cardiovascular risk factors. This study estimated the magnitude of the association of different anthropometric indicators of obesity with hypertension, dyslipidemia, and prediabetes (altered fasting plasma glucose and/or glycosylated hemoglobin). METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of information collected from 2022 participants in the PREDAPS study (baseline phase)...
August 5, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789613/risk-factors-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-hypertensive-patients-at-hawassa-university-comprehensive-specialized-hospital-southern-ethiopia
#17
Agete Tadewos, Tariku Egeno, Antenah Amsalu
BACKGROUND: Data regarding the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among hypertensive patients in Ethiopia is very scarce, and the nature and the burden of MetS among these patients has not been well investigated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the pattern and risk factors of MetS in hypertensive patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Hawassa University comprehensive specialized hospital from September 2015 to June 2016. Data on socio-demographic, clinical and anthropometric characteristics were collected from 238 hypertensive participants using WHO stepwise technique...
August 8, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783531/comparison-of-relationships-between-four-common-anthropometric-measures-and-incident-diabetes
#18
Crystal Man Ying Lee, Mark Woodward, Nirmala Pandeya, Robert Adams, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Edward J Boyko, Mats Eliasson, Laercio J Franco, Wilfred Y Fujimoto, Clicerio Gonzalez, Barbara V Howard, David R Jacobs, Sirkka Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Dianna Magliano, Pamela Schreiner, Jonathan E Shaw, June Stevens, Anne Taylor, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Lynne Wagenknecht, Rachel R Huxley
AIMS: First, to conduct a detailed exploration of the prospective relations between four commonly used anthropometric measures with incident diabetes and to examine their consistency across different population subgroups. Second, to compare the ability of each of the measures to predict five-year risk of diabetes. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of individual participant data on body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-hip and waist-height ratio (WHtR) from the Obesity, Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease Collaboration...
July 22, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783178/fibroblast-growth-factor-receptor-is-a-mechanistic-link-between-visceral-adiposity-and-cancer
#19
D Chakraborty, V Benham, B Bullard, T Kearney, H C Hsia, D Gibbon, E Y Demireva, S Y Lunt, J J Bernard
Epidemiological evidence implicates excess adipose tissue in increasing cancer risk. Despite a steeply rising global prevalence of obesity, how adiposity contributes to transformation (stage a non-tumorigenic cell undergoes to become malignant) is unknown. To determine the factors in adipose tissue that stimulate transformation, we used a novel ex vivo system of visceral adipose tissue (VAT)-condition medium-stimulated epithelial cell growth in soft agar. To extend this system in vivo, we used a murine lipectomy model of ultraviolet light B-induced, VAT-promoted skin tumor formation...
August 7, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780676/erratum-to-osteoporosis-obesity-and-sarcopenia-on-abdominal-ct-a-review-of-epidemiology-diagnostic-criteria-and-management-strategies-for-the-reporting-radiologist
#20
Timothy É Murray, David Williams, Michael J Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 5, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
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