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Poly-l-lactic acid

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224971/biofabrication-of-bundles-of-poly-lactic-acid-collagen-blends-mimicking-the-fascicles-of-the-human-achille-tendon
#1
Alberto Sensini, Chiara Gualandi, Luca Cristofolini, Gianluca Tozzi, Manuela Dicarlo, Gabriella Teti, Monica Mattioli-Belmonte, Maria Letizia Focarete
Electrospinning is a promising technique for the production of scaffolds aimed at the regeneration of soft tissues. The aim of this work was to develop electrospun bundles mimicking the architecture and mechanical properties of the fascicles of the human Achille tendon. Two different blends of poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) and collagen (Coll) were tested, PLLA/Coll-75/25 and PLLA/Coll-50/50, and compared with bundles of pure PLLA. First, a complete physico-chemical characterization was performed on non-woven mats made of randomly arranged fibers...
February 22, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222045/validation-of-scaffold-design-optimization-in-bone-tissue-engineering-finite-element-modeling-versus-designed-experiments
#2
Nicholas Uth, Jens Mueller, Byran Smucker, Azizeh-Mitra Yousefi
This study reports the development of biological/synthetic scaffolds for bone tissue engineering (TE) via 3D bioplotting. These scaffolds were composed of poly(L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), type I collagen, and nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA) in an attempt to mimic the extracellular matrix of bone. The solvent used for processing the scaffolds was 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol. The produced scaffolds were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, microcomputed tomography, thermogravimetric analysis, and unconfined compression test...
February 21, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216296/cyclodextrin-modified-plla-parietal-reinforcement-implant-with-prolonged-antibacterial-activity
#3
G Vermet, S Degoutin, F Chai, M Maton, C Flores, C Neut, P E Danjou, B Martel, N Blanchemain
: The use of textile meshes in hernia repair is widespread in visceral surgery. Though, mesh infection is a complication that may prolong the patient recovery period and consequently presents an impact on public health economy. Such concern can be avoided thanks to a local and extended antibiotic release on the operative site. In recent developments, poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) has been used in complement of polyethyleneterephthalate (Dacron(®)) (PET) or polypropylene (PP) yarns in the manufacture of semi-resorbable parietal implants...
February 12, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215503/biomaterial-shell-bending-with-3d-printed-templates-in-vertical-and-alveolar-ridge-augmentation-a-technical-note
#4
Florian G Draenert, Florian Gebhart, Gergo Mitov, Andreas Neff
OBJECTIVES: Alveolar ridge and vertical augmentations are challenging procedures in dental implantology. Even material blocks with an interconnecting porous system are never completely resorbed. Shell techniques combined with autologous bone chips are therefore the gold standard. Using biopolymers for these techniques is well documented. We applied three-dimensional (3-D) techniques to create an individualized bending model for the adjustment of a plane biopolymer membrane made of polylactide...
January 4, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211364/antibacterial-effect-of-novel-biodegradable-and-bioresorbable-plda-mg-composites
#5
M C Fernández-Calderón, S C Cifuentes, M A Pacha-Olivenza, A M Gallardo-Moreno, L Saldaña, J L González-Carrasco, M T Blanco, N Vilaboa, M L González-Martín, C Pérez-Giraldo
Polylactic acid/Mg composites have been recently proposed for biodegradable osteosynthesis devices because, with regards to the neat polymer, they combine an enhanced biocompatibility and bioactivity with better mechanical properties, particularly creep strength. A question still arises about their bacterial behavior. For this purpose, composites of poly-L-D-lactic acid (PLDA) loaded with 1 and 10 wt.% of Mg microparticles were evaluated using Staphylococcus epidermidis, with special emphasis on the study of bacterial adhesion and biofilm formation...
February 17, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194388/in-vivo-evaluation-of-porous-hydrogel-pins-to-fill-osteochondral-defects-in-rabbits
#6
Túlio Pereira Cardoso, André Petry Sandoval Ursolino, Pamela de Melo Casagrande, Edie Benedito Caetano, Daniel Vinicius Mistura, Eliana Aparecida de Rezende Duek
OBJECTIVE: This experimental study aimed to evaluate the biological performance of poly (l-co-D, l-lactic acid)-co-trimetilene carbonate/poly (vinyl alcohol) (PLDLA-co TMC/PVA), hydrogel scaffolds, as an implant in the filling (and not in the repair) of osteochondral defects in New Zealand rabbits, assessing the influence of the material in tissue protection in vivo. METHODS: Twelve rabbits were divided into groups of nine and 16 weeks. In each animal, an osteochondral defect was created in both medial femoral condyles...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192713/a-stable-nanoplatform-for-antitumor-activity-using-peg-pll-pla-triblock-co-polyelectrolyte
#7
Chaemin Lim, Taehoon Sim, Ngoc Ha Hoang, Kyung Taek Oh
Polyelectrolyte has been proposed as an efficient approach for various types of drug formulations. However, one drawback of using the conventional polyelectrolyte for drug delivery is its dissociation in in vivo conditions by counter ions due to the lack of self-assembling aggregation force. In this study, we reported a stable nanoplatform based on triblock co-polyelectrolyte composed of a poly(ethylene glycol), poly(l-lysine), and poly(lactic acid). These co-polyelectrolytes formed stable aggregates through the hydrophobic interaction of PLA and showed consistent particle sizes under a high salt concentration...
February 2, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186684/effect-of-different-sustained-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-release-kinetics-on-bone-formation-in-poly-propylene-fumarate-scaffolds
#8
Maurits G L Olthof, Diederik H R Kempen, James L Herrick, Michael J Yaszemski, Wouter J A Dhert, Lichun Lu
To investigate the effect of sustained bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) release kinetics on bone formation in poly(propylene fumarate) (PPF) scaffolds, different poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres were used as delivery vehicles. All PPF scaffolds had the same 75% porous structure, while the degradation rate of the embedded PLGA microspheres was changed to tailor BMP-2 release by varying the lactic-to-glycolic acid (L:G) ratio in the copolymer. Four PLGA microsphere formulations with 50/50, 65/35, 75/25, and 85/15 L:G ratios and varying in vivo degradation rates were fabricated...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185267/regulation-of-adipose-tissue-derived-stromal-cell-orientation-and-motility-in-2d-and-3d-cultures-by-direct-current-electrical-field
#9
Gang Yang, Haiyan Long, Xiaomei Ren, Kunlong Ma, Zhenghua Xiao, Ying Wang, Yingqiang Guo
Cell alignment and motility play a critical role in a variety of cell behaviors, including cytoskeleton reorganization, membrane-protein relocation, nuclear gene expression, and extracellular matrix remodeling. Direct current electric field (EF) in vitro can direct many types of cells to align vertically to EF vector. In this work, we investigated the effects of EF stimulation on rat adipose-tissue-derived stromal cells (ADSCs) in 2D-culture on plastic culture dishes and in 3D-culture on various scaffold materials, including collagen hydrogels, chitosan hydrogels and poly(L-lactic acid)/gelatin electrospinning fibers...
February 10, 2017: Development, Growth & Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184401/biodegradable-vascular-stents-with-high-tensile-and-compressive-strength-a-novel-strategy-for-applying-monofilaments-via-solid-state-drawing-and-shaped-annealing-processes
#10
Seung Hyuk Im, Chang Yong Kim, Youngmee Jung, Yangsoo Jang, Soo Hyun Kim
Monofilaments such as those consisting of polyamide (PA), polydioxanone (PDS), and poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF), have been commonly used in various industries. However, most are non-biodegradable, which is unfavorable for many biomedical applications. Although biodegradable polymers offer significant benefits, they are still limited by their weak mechanical properties, which is an obstacle for use as a biomaterial that requires high strength. To overcome the current limitations of biodegradable monofilaments, a novel solid-state drawing (SSD) process was designed to significantly improve the mechanical properties of both PA and poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) monofilaments in this study...
February 10, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183636/improved-tympanic-membrane-regeneration-after-myringoplastic-surgery-using-an-artificial-biograft
#11
A P S Immich, P C Pennacchi, A F Naves, S L Felisbino, R L Boemo, S S Maria-Engler, L H Catalani
Tympanic membrane perforations are due to common otologic problems. The current treatments to heal tympanic membrane perforation, such as myringoplasty, have some disadvantages, including the need for autologous grafting, which is rapidly absorbed by the organism before perforation recovery is complete. To improve the structural and functional tympanic membrane healing after surgery, we propose a new branch of artificial grafts. In this study, we report the development of artificial grafts using electrospun bioabsorbable polymers...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183613/pdlla-honeycomb-like-scaffolds-with-a-high-loading-of-superhydrophilic-graphene-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-promote-osteoblast-in-vitro-functions-and-guided-in-vivo-bone-regeneration
#12
Edmundo Silva, Luana Marotta Reis de Vasconcellos, Bruno V M Rodrigues, Danilo Martins Dos Santos, Sergio P Campana-Filho, Fernanda Roberta Marciano, Thomas J Webster, Anderson Oliveira Lobo
Herein, we developed honeycomb-like scaffolds by combining poly (d, l-lactic acid) (PDLLA) with a high amount of graphene/multi-walled carbon nanotube oxides (MWCNTO-GO, 50% w/w). From pristine multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) powders, we produced MWCNTO-GO via oxygen plasma etching (OPE), which promoted their exfoliation and oxidation. Initially, we evaluated PDLLA and PDLLA/MWCNTO-GO scaffolds for tensile strength tests, cell adhesion and cell viability (with osteoblast-like MG-63 cells), alkaline phosphatase (ALP, a marker of osteoblast differentiation) activity and mineralized nodule formation...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183609/conjugation-of-poly-ethylene-glycol-to-poly-lactide-based-polyelectrolytes-an-effective-method-to-modulate-cytotoxicity-in-gene-delivery
#13
Xiaoshan Fan, Shan Jiang, Zibiao Li, Xian Jun Loh
Positively charged amphiphilic polymers comprising of poly(N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) segments on both sides of a poly(l-lactic acid) segment was conjugated with poly(ethylene glycol) (DMA-PLLA-DMA@PEG). Efficient condensation of plasmid DNA by these polymers was shown. Cell toxicity studies demonstrated that the positively charged polymers with attached PEG exhibited much less cytotoxicity than polymers with no PEG in both HEK293 and Hela cell lines. PEGylation also resulted in polymers with enhanced haemo-compatibility...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178611/coaxial-electrospinning-multicomponent-functional-controlled-release-vascular-graft-optimization-of-graft-properties
#14
Anlin Yin, Rifang Luo, Jiukai Li, Xiumei Mo, Yunbing Wang, Xingdong Zhang
Small diameter vascular grafts possessing desirable biocompatibility and suitable mechanical properties have become an urgent clinic demand. Herein, heparin loaded fibrous grafts of collagen/chitosan/poly(l-lactic acid-co-ε-caprolactone) (PLCL) were successfully fabricated via coaxial electrospinning. By controlling the concentration of heparin and the ratio of collagen/chitosan/PLCL, most grafts had the heparin encapsulation efficiency higher than 70%, and the heparin presented sustained release for more than 45 days...
January 27, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167393/biodegradable-scaffolds-promote-tissue-remodeling-and-functional-improvement-in-non-human-primates-with-acute-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Jonathan R Slotkin, Christopher D Pritchard, Brian Luque, Janice Ye, Richard T Layer, Mathew S Lawrence, Timothy M O'Shea, Roland R Roy, Hui Zhong, Isabel Vollenweider, V Reggie Edgerton, Grégoire Courtine, Eric J Woodard, Robert Langer
Tissue loss significantly reduces the potential for functional recovery after spinal cord injury. We previously showed that implantation of porous scaffolds composed of a biodegradable and biocompatible block copolymer of Poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid and Poly-l-lysine improves functional recovery and reduces spinal cord tissue injury after spinal cord hemisection injury in rats. Here, we evaluated the safety and efficacy of porous scaffolds in non-human Old-World primates (Chlorocebus sabaeus) after a partial and complete lateral hemisection of the thoracic spinal cord...
January 25, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165708/preparation-characterization-and-mechanism-for-biodegradable-and-biocompatible-polyurethane-shape-memory-elastomers
#16
Yu-Chun Chien, Wei-Tsung Chuang, U-Ser Jeng, Shan-Hui Hsu
Thermally induced shape memory is an attractive feature of certain functional materials. Among the shape memory polymers, shape memory elastomers (SMEs) especially those with biodegradability have great potential in the biomedical field. In this study, we prepared waterborne biodegradable polyurethane SME based on poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) oligodiol and poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) oligodiol as the mixed soft segments. The ratio of the soft segments in polyurethanes was optimized for shape memory behavior. The thermally induced shape memory mechanism of the series of polyurethanes was clarified using differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)...
February 6, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162048/bioconversion-of-fish-solid-waste-into-phb-using-bacillus-subtilis-based-submerged-fermentation-process
#17
S Mohapatra, B Sarkar, D P Samantaray, A Daware, S Maity, S Pattnaik, S Bhattacharjee
Currently, one of the major problem affecting the world is solid waste management predominantly petroleum based plastic and fish solid waste (FSW). However, it is very difficult to reduce the consumption of plastic as well as fish products, but it is promising to convert FSW to biopolymer to reduce eco-pollution. On account of that, the bioconversion of FSW extract to polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) was under taken by using B. subtilis (KP172548). Under optimized condition 1.62 g/L of PHB have been produced by the bacterium...
February 6, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160588/reliability-of-new-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-membranes-treated-with-oxygen-plasma-plus-silicon-dioxide-layers-for-pre-prosthetic-guided-bone-regeneration-processes
#18
G Castillo-Dalí, R Castillo-Oyagüe, A Batista-Cruzado, C López-Santos, A Rodríguez-González-Elipe, J-L Saffar, C-D Lynch, J-L Gutiérrez-Pérez, D Torres-Lagares
BACKGROUND: The use of cold plasmas may improve the surface roughness of poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) membranes, which may stimulate the adhesion of osteogenic mediators and cells, thus accelerating the biodegradation of the barriers. Moreover, the incorporation of metallic-oxide particles to the surface of these membranes may enhance their osteoinductive capacity. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to evaluate the reliability of a new PLGA membrane after being treated with oxygen plasma (PO2) plus silicon dioxide (SiO2) layers for guided bone regeneration (GBR) processes...
February 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150934/luminescent-difluoroboron-%C3%AE-diketonate-pla-peg-nanoparticle
#19
Caroline Kerr, Christopher A DeRosa, Margaret L Daly, Hengtao Zhang, Gregory M Palmer, Cassandra L Fraser
Luminescent difluoroboron β-diketonate poly(lactic acid) (BF2bdkPLA) materials serve as biological imaging agents. In this study, dye structures were modified to achieve emission colors that span the visible region with potential for multiplexing applications. Four dyes with varying π-conjugation (phenyl, naphthyl) and donor groups (-OMe, -NMe2) were coupled to PLLA-PEG block copolymers (∼11 kDa) by a postpolymerization Mitsunobu reaction. The resulting dye-polymer conjugates were fabricated as nanoparticles (∼55 nm diameter) to produce nanomaterials with a range of emission colors (420-640 nm)...
February 2, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150751/enhanced-corrosion-resistance-and-cytocompatibility-of-biodegradable-mg-alloys-by-introduction-of-mg-oh-2-particles-into-poly-l-lactic-acid-coating
#20
Yong-Juan Shi, Jia Pei, Jian Zhang, Jia-Lin Niu, Hua Zhang, Sheng-Rong Guo, Zhong-Hua Li, Guang-Yin Yuan
A strategy of suppressing the fast degradation behaviour of Mg-based biomaterials by the introduction of one of Mg degradation products Mg(OH)2 was proposed according to the following degradation mechanism, Mg + 2H2O ⇋ Mg(OH)2 + H2↑. Specifically, Mg(OH)2 submicron particles were mixed into poly (L-lactic acid) (PLLA) to synthesize a composite coating onto hydrofluoric acid-pretreated Mg-Nd-Zn-Zr alloy. The in vitro degradation investigations showed that the addition of Mg(OH)2 particles not only slowed down the corrosion of Mg matrix, but also retarded the formation of gas pockets underneath the polymer coating...
February 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
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