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Poly-l-lactic acid

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513477/microtube-array-membrane-bioreactor-promotes-neuronal-differentiation-and-orientation
#1
Sabrina Morelli, Antonella Piscioneri, Simona Salerno, Chien-Chung Chen, Chee Ho Chew, Lidietta Giorno, Enrico Drioli, Loredana De Bartolo
An important challenge in neuronal tissue engineering is to create innovative tools capable of promoting cellular response in terms of neuronal differentiation and neurite orientation that may be used as investigational platforms for studying neurobiological events and neurodegenerative disorders. A novel membrane bioreactor was created to provide a 3D well-controlled microenvironment for neuronal outgrowth. The bioreactor consisted of poly-L-lactic acid highly aligned microtube array (PLLA-MTA) membranes assembled in parallel within a chamber that establish an intraluminal and an extraluminal compartment whose communication occurs through the pores of the MTA membrane walls...
May 17, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510114/fabricating-poly-1-8-octanediol-citrate-elastomer-based-fibrous-mats-via-electrospinning-for-soft-tissue-engineering-scaffold
#2
Lei Zhu, Yuanzheng Zhang, Yali Ji
Poly(1,8-octanediol citrate) (POC) is a recently developed biodegradable crosslinked elastomer that possesses good cytocompatibility and matchable mechanical properties to soft tissues. However, the thermosetting characteristic reveals a big challenge to manufacture its porous scaffold. Herein, POC elastomer was electrospun into fiber mat using poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) as a spinnable carrier. The obtained POC/PLLA fiber mats were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), uniaxial tensile test, static-water-contact-angle, thermal analysis, in vitro degradation and biocompatibility test...
June 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502107/a-nano-particle-vector-comprised-of-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-and-monophosphoryl-lipid-a-and-recombinant-mycobacterium-avium-subsp-paratuberculosis-peptides-stimulate-a-pro-immune-profile-in-bovine-macrophages
#3
Cleverson D Souza, John P Bannantine, Wendy C Brown, M Grant Norton, William C Davis, Julianne K Hwang, Parissa Ziaei, Gaber S Abdellrazeq, Meaghan V Eren, James R Deringer, Elizabeth Laws, Maria Clara D Cardieri
AIMS: We evaluated the potential of a nanoparticle (NP) delivery system to improve methods of delivery of candidate peptide based vaccines for Paratuberculosis in cattle. METHODS AND RESULTS: Peptides derived from Mycobacterium avium subsp paratuberculosis (Map), and the proinflammatory monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA) were incorporated in polymeric NPs based on poly (D, L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA). The PLGA/MPLA NPs carriers were incubated with macrophages to examine their effects on survival and function...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496068/the-use-of-a-gas-chromatography-milli-whistle-technique-for-the-on-line-monitoring-of-ethanol-production-using-microtube-array-membrane-immobilized-yeast-cells
#4
Ming-Ju Wu, Guan-Fu Ye, Ching-Hao Wang, Hong-Ting Victor Lin, Chien-Chung Chen, Cheng-Huang Lin
Hollow, poly(L-lactic acid) microtube array membranes (MTAM) were used in preparing membranes that contained immobilized yeast cells. To evaluate the performance of the developed system for continuous and fed-batch fermentation, a gas chromatography/milli-whistle device was used to on-line monitor the production of ethanol. The milli-whistle was connected to the outlet of a GC capillary, and when the fermentation gases and the GC carrier gas passed through it, a sound with a fundamental frequency was produced...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485126/effects-of-substitute-coated-with-hyaluronic-acid-or-poly-lactic-acid-on-implant-fixation-experimental-study-in-ovariectomized-and-glucocorticoid-treated-sheep
#5
Christina M Andreasen, Ming Ding, Thomas L Andersen, Søren Overgaard
Investigated in healthy animal models, hyaluronic acid (HyA) and poly-D,L -lactic acid (PDLLA) demonstrate osteoconductive properties when coated onto hydroxyapatite (HA) and β-tricalcium phosphate (βTCP) scaffolds. In this study, we examined the efficacy of HA/βTCP granules coated with HyA or PDLLA on implant fixation when applied as graft materials in 2 mm size defects created in the femur condyles of ovariectomized (OVX) glucocorticoid-treated (GC) sheep. Titanium alloys were inserted into the femur condyles of OVX and GC-treated sheep and the concentric gaps were filled with either allograft obtained from a healthy donor sheep (control), pure HA/βTCP, HA/βTCP-HyA or HA/βTCP-PDLLA...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482571/optimization-and-development-of-maghemite-%C3%AE-fe2o3-filled-poly-l-lactic-acid-plla-thermoplastic-polyurethane-tpu-electrospun-nanofibers-using-taguchi-orthogonal-array-for-tissue-engineering-heart-valve
#6
Ehsan Fallahiarezoudar, Mohaddeseh Ahmadipourroudposht, Ani Idris, Noordin Mohd Yusof
Tissue engineering (TE) is an advanced principle to develop a neotissue that can resemble the original tissue characteristics with the capacity to grow, to repair and to remodel in vivo. This research proposed the optimization and development of nanofiber based scaffold using the new mixture of maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) filled poly-l-lactic acid (PLLA)/thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) for tissue engineering heart valve (TEHV). The chemical, structural, biological and mechanical properties of nanofiber based scaffold were characterized in terms of morphology, porosity, biocompatibility and mechanical behaviour...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482533/electrospun-pblg-pla-nanofiber-membrane-for-constructing-in-vitro-3d-model-of-melanoma
#7
Yaping Wang, Junmin Qian, Ting Liu, Weijun Xu, Na Zhao, Aili Suo
Though much progress in utilizing tissue engineering technology to investigate tumor development in vitro has been made, the effective management of human melanoma is still a challenge in clinic due to lack of suitable 3D culture systems. In this study, we prepared a poly(γ-benzyl-l-glutamate)/poly(lactic acid) (PBLG/PLA) nanofiber membrane by electrospinning and demonstrated its suitability as a matrix for 3D culture of melanoma cells in vitro. The electrospun PBLG/PLA nanofiber membrane displayed a smooth and uniform fibrous morphology and had a desirable water contact angle of 79...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479518/cucurbit-7-assisted-sustained-release-of-human-calcitonin-from-thermosensitive-block-copolymer-hydrogel
#8
Hui Shang, Xiaobin Chen, Yanpeng Liu, Lin Yu, Jianshu Li, Jiandong Ding
Conventional formulations of human calcitonin (hCT), a peptide drug, normally suffer from limited therapeutic efficacy with low stability and short half-life. We have found that the fibrillation of highly amyloidogenic hCT can be inhibited by cucurbit[7] (CB[7]), an amphiphilic small molecule. Meanwhile, a thermogelling copolymer was found to be a suitable candidate for sustained delivery of peptide/protein drugs. Herein, we report a long-term delivery formulation composed of hCT-CB[7] complex and biodegradable thermogel of poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid)-b-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(D,L-lactic acid -co-glycolic acid) (PLGA-PEG-PLGA)...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471065/novel-ultrahigh-molecular-weight-amorphous-plla-bioresorbable-coronary-scaffold-upsized-up-to-0-8-mm-beyond-nominal-diameter-an-oct-and-histopathology-study-in-porcine-coronary-artery-model
#9
Pawel Gasior, Yanping Cheng, Edward A Estrada, Jenn McGregor, Kamal Ramzipoor, Chang Lee, Gerard B Conditt, Serge D Rousselle, Juan F Granada, Grzegorz L Kaluza
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the biomechanical properties and healing pattern of novel sirolimus-eluting, ultrahigh molecular weight amorphous poly-L-lactic acid bioresorbable scaffolds (S-BRS) that have been postdilated by 0.55 and 0.8 mm beyond the nominal diameters within the pressure-diameter compliance chart range. BACKGROUND: Due to the inherent limitations of bioabsorbable polymeric materials, overexpansion/upsizing may be very limited for some BRS such as the benchmark Absorb BVS...
May 4, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470445/ftir-microscopy-contribution-for-comprehension-of-degradation-mechanisms-in-pla-based-implantable-medical-devices
#10
Adrien Leroy, Sofia Ribeiro, Carole Grossiord, Antoine Alves, Robert H Vestberg, Vincent Salles, Céline Brunon, Kerstin Gritsch, Brigitte Grosgogeat, Yves Bayon
The integration and evolution of implantable medical devices made of bioresorbable polymers and used for temporary biomedical applications are crucial criteria in the success of a therapy and means of follow-up after implantation are needed. The objective of this work is to develop and evaluate a method based on microscopic Fourier Transform InfraRed spectroscopy (FTIR) mappings to monitor the degradation of such polymers on tissue explant sections, after implantation. This technique provided information on their location and on both their composition and crystallinity, which is directly linked to their state of degradation induced predominantly by chain scissions...
June 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468209/management-of-a-large-frontal-encephalocoele-with-supraorbital-bar-remodeling-and-advancement
#11
Shaal Ramdial, Trishan Pillay, Anil Madaree
Of all the craniofacial abnormalities, facial clefts are the most disfiguring. Facial clefts are classified according to the affected anatomical area as described by Tessier. Through this classification, the location and extent of the cleft can be designated numerically.A 2-month-old male infant was referred to authors' craniofacial unit, from a hospital in a rural province of South Africa, with a problem of a supranasal encephalocoele. Bilateral raised eyebrows were noted as was a right-sided upper lid central third coloboma...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457961/controlled-release-of-gag-binding-enhanced-transduction-get-peptides-for-sustained-and-highly-efficient-intracellular-delivery
#12
Hosam Al-Deen M Abu-Awwad, Lalitha Thiagarajan, James E Dixon
Controlled release systems for therapeutic molecules are vital to allow the sustained local delivery of their activities which direct cell behaviour and enable novel regenerative strategies. Direct programming of cells using exogenously delivered transcription factors can by-pass growth factor signalling but there is still a requirement to deliver such activity spatio-temporally. We previously developed a technology termed GAG-binding enhanced transduction (GET) to efficiently deliver a variety of cargoes intracellularly, using GAG-binding domains which promote cell targeting, and cell penetrating peptides (CPPs) which allow cell entry...
April 27, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450456/temporal-cascade-of-inflammatory-cytokines-and-cell-type-populations-in-monocyte-chemotactic-protein-1-mcp-1-mediated-aneurysm-healing
#13
Brian L Hoh, Hanain Z Fazal, Siham Hourani, Mengchen Li, Li Lin, Koji Hosaka
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) promotes aneurysm healing. OBJECTIVE: To determine the temporal cascade and durability of aneurysm healing. METHODS: Murine carotid aneurysms were treated with MCP-1-releasing or poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA)-only coils. Aneurysm healing was assessed by quantitative measurements of intraluminal tissue ingrowth on 5 μm sections by blinded observers. RESULTS: Aneurysm healing occurred in stages characteristic of normal wound healing...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446016/biodegradation-and-biocompatibility-of-poly-l-lactic-acid-implantable-mesh
#14
Sang-Don Yoon, Young-Sam Kwon, Kyu-Sung Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biodegradation and biocompatibility of poly L-lactic acid (PLLA) implantable mesh under in vitro and in vivo conditions. METHODS: PLLA mesh was examined for changes in weight and tensile strength. The histology of the tissue around the PLLA implant was also evaluated. RESULTS: The weight and tensile strength of the PLLA prosthesis was stable for 180 days. In addition, the surface of the PLLA mesh was not digested under in vitro or in vivo conditions as determined by scanning electron microscope...
April 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438697/predicting-drug-loading-in-pla-peg-nanoparticles
#15
M Meunier, A Goupil, P Lienard
Polymer nanoparticles present advantageous physical and biopharmaceutical properties as drug delivery systems compared to conventional liquid formulations. Active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) are often hydrophobic, thus not soluble in conventional liquid delivery. Encapsulating the drugs in polymer nanoparticles can improve their pharmacological and bio-distribution properties, preventing rapid clearance from the bloodstream. Such nanoparticles are commonly made of non-toxic amphiphilic self-assembling block copolymers where the core (poly-[d,l-lactic acid] or PLA) serves as a reservoir for the API and the external part (Poly-(Ethylene-Glycol) or PEG) serves as a stealth corona to avoid capture by macrophage...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419685/scaffolds-for-epithelial-tissue-engineering-customized-in-elastomeric-molds
#16
Mohamed-Nur Abdallah, Sara Abdollahi, Marco Laurenti, Dongdong Fang, Simon D Tran, Marta Cerruti, Faleh Tamimi
Restoration of soft tissue defects remains a challenge for surgical reconstruction. In this study, we introduce a new approach to fabricate poly(d,l-lactic acid) (PDLLA) scaffolds with anatomical shapes customized to regenerate three-dimensional soft tissue defects. Highly concentrated polymer/salt mixtures were molded in flexible polyether molds. Microcomputed tomography showed that with this approach it was possible to produce scaffolds with clinically acceptable volume ratio maintenance (>90%). Moreover, this technique allowed us to customize the average pore size and pore interconnectivity of the scaffolds by using variations of salt particle size...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418758/inhaled-heparin-therapeutic-efficacy-and-recent-formulations
#17
Ayca Yildiz-Pekoz, Yildiz Ozsoy
Heparin is well known for its anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory properties. Inhaled heparin regimens are increasingly being used to manage lung disease. It has been used to treat cystic fibrosis, thromboembolism, and pulmonary fibrosis, as well as bronchial asthma and asthma-induced airway hypersensitivity. Several preclinical studies attained some useful effects of heparin-administered, parenterally and through inhalation, treatment of lung disease. Besides, recent clinical trials suggest that inhaled heparin for lung diseases is beneficial and safe, but such data remain to be limited...
June 2017: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415912/a-method-for-the-immunohistochemical-identification-and-localization-of-osterix-in-periosteum-wrapped-constructs-for-tissue-engineering-of-bone
#18
Phillip McClellan, Robin Jacquet, Qing Yu, William J Landis
A novel immunohistochemistry (IHC) approach has been developed to label and localize osterix, a bone-specific transcription factor, within formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded, tissue-engineered constructs uniquely containing synthetic polymers and human periosteal tissue. Generally, such specimens consisting in part of polymeric materials and mineral are particularly difficult for IHC identification of proteins. Samples here were fabricated from human periosteum, electrospun poly-l-lactic acid (PLLA) nanofibers, and polycaprolactone/poly-l-lactic acid (PCL/PLLA, 75/25) scaffolds and harvested following 10 weeks of implantation in athymic mice...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415542/bladder-smooth-muscle-cells-on-electrospun-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-poly-l-lactic-acid-scaffold-promote-bladder-regeneration-in-a-canine-model
#19
Nasser Shakhssalim, Masoud Soleimani, Mohammad M Dehghan, Javad Rasouli, Masoud Taghizadeh-Jahed, Peyman M Torbati, Mohammad Naji
Engineering of urinary bladder has been the focus of numerous studies in recent decade. Novel biomaterials, innovative fabrication methods and various modification processes of scaffolds are the critical issues to find supportive matrices. Supportive characteristics of electrospun PCL/PLLA nano-scaffold for bladder augmentation in canine model and the role of bladder cells in regeneration process were appraised. Electrospun PCL/PLLA was fabricated by co-electrospinning of PCL and PLLA. Bladder cells were isolated and transduced with lentiviral particles encoding eGFP and JRed proteins...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415467/poly-l-lactic-acid-and-polyurethane-nanofibers-fabricated-by-solution-blow-spinning-as-potential-substrates-for-cardiac-cell-culture
#20
Ewelina Tomecka, Michal Wojasinski, Elzbieta Jastrzebska, Michal Chudy, Tomasz Ciach, Zbigniew Brzozka
This paper presents a comparison and evaluation of cardiac cell proliferation on poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) and polyurethane (PU) nanofibrous mats fabricated by solution blow spinning (SBS). Three different cardiac cell lines: rat cardiomyoblasts (H9C2 line), human (HCM) and rat cardiomyocytes (RCM) were used for experiments. Cell morphology, orientation and proliferation were investigated on non-modified and protein-modified (fibronectin, collagen, gelatin, laminin, poly-l-lysine) surfaces of both types of nanofibers...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
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