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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923217/effect-of-direct-ligament-repair-and-tenodesis-reconstruction-on-simulated-subtalar-joint-instability
#1
Julie Choisne, Matthew C Hoch, Ian Alexander, Stacie I Ringleb
BACKGROUND: Subtalar instability is associated with up to 80% of patients presenting with chronic ankle instability but is often not considered in the diagnosis or treatment. Operative procedures to repair ankle instability have shown good clinical results, but the effects of these reconstruction procedures on isolated subtalar instability are not well understood. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of the Gould modification of the Broström procedure and a new tenodesis reconstruction procedure on ankle and subtalar joint kinematics after simulating a subtalar injury...
November 14, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922980/variations-in-treatment-of-cervical-cancer-according-to-tumor-morphology-population-based-cohort-analysis-of-english-national-cancer-registration-data
#2
Marta Emmett, Carolynn Gildea, Andrew Nordin, Lynn Hirschowitz, Jason Poole
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate differences in the treatment of cervical cancer by tumor morphology after accounting for demographic, diagnostic, and tumor factors. METHODS: Retrospective population-based observational study using linked cancer registration and treatment data from administrative data sources of women diagnosed with cervical cancer (International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition C53, malignant behavior) during 2009 and 2010 in England...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922967/cervical-spine-deformity-in-long-standing-untreated-congenital-muscular-torticollis
#3
Mohammed Ahmed Hussein, In Sik Yun, Hanna Park, Yong Oock Kim
BACKGROUND: Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is a benign condition. With early diagnosis and appropriate management, it can be cured completely, leaving no residual deformity. However, long-standing, untreated CMT can lead to permanent craniofacial deformities and asymmetry. METHODS: Four adult patients presented to the author with long-standing, untreated CMT. Initial clinical assessment demonstrated tightness of the sternocleidomastoid muscle on the affected side...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922950/a-prospective-randomized-comparative-trial-of-targeted-steroid-injection-via-epidural-catheter-versus-standard-c7-t1-interlaminar-approach-for-the-treatment-of-unilateral-cervical-radicular-pain
#4
Zachary L McCormick, Ariana Nelson, Meghan Bhave, Mikhail Zhukalin, Mark Kendall, Robert J McCarthy, Dost Khan, Geeta Nagpal, David R Walega
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: No study has compared cervical interlaminar epidural steroid injection (CIESI) with epidural catheter advancement to the side and level of pathology versus standard C7-T1 CIESI. This study investigated whether cervical radicular pain is more effectively treated by CIESI with a targeted epidural catheter versus a standard C7-T1 approach. METHODS: Prospective, randomized, single-blinded trial. PRIMARY OUTCOME: Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) pain at 1 month...
December 5, 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922905/scale-up-of-an-human-papillomavirus-testing-implementation-program-in-el-salvador
#5
Miriam Cremer, Mauricio Maza, Karla Alfaro, Mario Morales Velado, Juan Felix, Philip E Castle, Jane Kim, Julia C Gage
OBJECTIVE: The Cervical Cancer Prevention in El Salvador is a demonstration project to introduce a lower-cost human papillomavirus (HPV)-DNA test into a public sector project. Started in October 2012, The Cervical Cancer Prevention in El Salvador consists of 3 phases and will ultimately screen 30,000 women. Results of phase 2 of the project are presented. The objective of this project was to compare colposcopy and noncolposcopy-based management for HPV-positive women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In phase 2, a total of 8,050 women, aged 30 to 49 years, were screened; 6,761 provided both self- and provider-collected specimens and 1,289 provided only provider-testing specimens...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922769/see-test-treat-a-5-year-experience-of-pathologists-driving-cervical-and-breast-cancer-screening-to-underserved-and-underinsured-populations
#6
Barbarajean Magnani, Beth Harubin, Judith F Katz, Andrea L Zuckerman, William C Strohsnitter
CONTEXT: - See, Test & Treat is a pathologist-driven program to provide cervical and breast cancer screening to underserved and underinsured patient populations. This program is largely funded by the CAP Foundation (College of American Pathologists, Northfield, Illinois) and is a collaborative effort among several medical specialties united to address gaps in the current health care system. OBJECTIVE: - To provide an outline for administering a See, Test & Treat program, using an academic medical center as a model for providing care and collating the results of 5 years of data on the See, Test & Treat program's findings...
December 2016: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922577/is-it-in-or-out-the-optimal-fluoroscopic-views-for-intraoperative-determination-of-proper-lateral-mass-screw-placement
#7
Sang Bum Kim, John M Rhee, Byung Hak Oh, You Gun Won, Yousun Jung, Kun Young Park, William C Hutton, Chulmin Kim
STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric OBJECTIVE.: Determine optimal fluoroscopic views for detecting cervical lateral mass screw (LMS) violations SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Single plane intraoperative xrays are commonly used but frequently inadequate due to its complex trajectory. Fluoroscopy can be taken in multiple planes, but the ideal fluoroscopic view to assess malposition is not known: depending on the view, any given screw may look "in" or "out". METHODS: C3-6 LMS were inserted in 3 cadavers...
December 2, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922337/does-ptis-exist-in-hpv-driven-tonsillar-carcinomas-an-ultrastructural-review-and-examination-of-two-cases
#8
Candice C Black, Christopher Ogomo
Many tonsillar tumors present clinically as cervical nodal metastases and the primary tumor is often difficult to find. HPV-driven tonsillar carcinoma begins in the reticulated crypt epithelium, possibly through viral integration. The basement membrane is not complete in the reticulated crypt epithelium, which may enhance the immune function. We examined the reticulated crypt epithelium in a normal case and five neoplastic tonsils with cervical metastasis as the presenting symptom to further investigate whether tonsil carcinoma in-situ exists...
December 6, 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922242/neck-epidermoid-cyst-mimicking-tuberculosis-at-ultrasound-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#9
Jacopo Cambi, Giovanni Monciatti, Luca Pelliccia, Maria Carla Spinosi, Leopoldo Brindisi
Neck masses in children can be inflammatory, congenital or neoplastic. When a congenital cyst becomes infected repeatedly, it may mimic inflammatory disease and the diagnosis may be challenging with ultrasound. An increasing incidence of infection with non-tuberculous mycobacterial organisms has been observed in recent decades in children with cervical lymphadenopathy. An ultrasound scan performed during the infectious phase of a mass can be misleading and can lead to an incorrect diagnostic hypothesis with the risk of erroneous medical and surgical therapies...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922187/tomentosin-induces-telomere-shortening-and-caspase-dependant-apoptosis-in-cervical-cancer-cells
#10
Nawel Merghoub, Hassan El Btaouri, Laila Benbacer, Saïd Gmouh, Chantal Trentesaux, Bertrand Brassart, Mohammed Attaleb, Claudie Madoulet, Thomas Wenner, Saaid Amzazi, Hamid Morjani, Mohamed El Mzibri
Tomentosin, a natural sesquiterpene lactone purified from of Inula viscosa L., was investigated for its anti-proliferative, telomere shortening and apoptotic effects on human cervical cancer HeLa and SiHa cell lines. Tomentosin was found to inhibit the growth of SiHa and HeLa cell lines in dose and time-dependent manner (IC50 values of 7.10 ± 0.78µM and 5.87 ± 0.36µM, respectively after 96h of treatment). As evidenced by TTAGGG telomere length assay, tomentosin target specifically the telomeric overhang lengthening...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921448/efficacy-of-the-li-maneuver-in-treating-posterior-canal-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#11
Jinrang Li, Shiyu Tian, Shizhen Zou
CONCLUSION: The Li maneuver is a safe, effective, and simple repositioning method for the treatment of BPPV. It is simple to master and exerts an exact effect. As a rapid repositioning method, the Li maneuver can result in reduced treatment times and increased treatment efficacy, and is, therefore, especially suitable for patients with limited cervical spine movement. OBJECTIVE: To compare the short-term efficacies of the Li and Epley maneuvers in treating posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (PC-BPPV)...
December 6, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921286/-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-to-differentiate-malignant-necrotic-lymph-node-from-benign-cystic-lesions-in-the-neck
#12
Peymaneh Abadi, Allan Johansen, Christian Godballe, Oke Gerke, Poul Flemming Høilund-Carlsen, Anders Thomassen
OBJECTIVE: Patients presenting with cystic lesions in the neck without obvious signs of malignancy constitute a diagnostic challenge since fine needle aspiration is often insufficient and a diagnosis may not be reached until surgical resection/biopsy is performed. The differential diagnosis of a cystic cervical mass comprises a variety of benign conditions, but malignancy must be ruled out. We examined the diagnostic performance of fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) PET/CT to identify malignancy...
December 5, 2016: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921084/the-prevalence-of-herpes-simplex-virus-type-1-and-2-infection-in-iran-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Mina Malary, Ghasem Abedi, Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Mahdi Afshari, Mahmood Moosazadeh
BACKGROUND: Seroepidemiologic studies indicate a high prevalence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection. This infection leads to ophthalmic, dermatologic, oral, neurologic, vaginal and cervical problems. Different studies have been carried out to estimate the HSV seroprevalence in Iran. Combining the results of these studies would be useful for health policy-making. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to estimate the pooled prevalence of HSV infection using meta-analysis...
October 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921063/migration-and-erosion-of-cervical-spine-hardware-into-the-esophageal-lumen-causing-odynophagia-and-dysphagia
#14
Neal Mehta, Sajan Jiv Singh Nagpal, Bradley Confer, John Vargo, Amit Bhatt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921035/genetics-underlying-an-individualized-approach-to-adult-spinal-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Corey T Walker, Phillip A Bonney, Nikolay L Martirosyan, Nicholas Theodore
Adult spinal disorders are a significant cause of morbidity across the world and carry significant health and economic burdens. Genetic predispositions are increasingly considered for these conditions and are becoming understood. Advances in molecular technologies since the mid-1990s have made possible genetic characterizations of these diseases in many populations, and recent findings have provided insight into the underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms. These studies have made clear the genetic heterogeneity producing clinical phenotypes and suggest that individualized treatments are possible in the future...
2016: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921020/epidemiology-of-cervical-spine-fractures
#16
Mahnaz Yadollahi, Shahram Paydar, Haleh Ghaem, Mohammad Ghorbani, Seyed Mohsen Mousavi, Ali Taheri Akerdi, Eimen Jalili, Mohammad Hadi Niakan, Hossein Ali Khalili, Ali Haghnegahdar, Shahram Bolandparvaz
BACKGROUND: Epidemiology of cervical spine fractures (CSfx) in trauma patients of general population is not yet exclusively known. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology of CSfx in trauma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from trauma patients admitted in the emergency room (ER) of Shiraz Shahid Rajaei hospital during the 3.5 years period from September 22, 2009 to March 21, 2013, were gathered. All trauma patients with CSfx and/or spinal cord injuries were included in the study...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921006/survival-and-control-prognosticators-of-recurrent-gynecological-malignancies-of-the-pelvis-and-para-aortic-region-treated-with-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy
#17
Shaakir Hasan, Anthony Ricco, Kaylette Jenkins, Rachelle Lanciano, Alexandra Hanlon, John Lamond, Jun Yang, Jing Feng, Michael Good, Joel Noumoff, Luther Brady
PURPOSE: To define prognostic factors associated with improved survival and local control (LC) for gynecologic cancer recurrences limited to the pelvis and para-aortic (PA) region using stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). METHODS: Between 2/2008 and 7/2014, 30 women (35 targets) with pelvic or PA recurrence of endometrioid (n = 12), cervical (n = 11), ovarian (n = 3), uterine-serous (n = 2), or carcinosarcoma (n = 2) cancer were treated with SBRT...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921005/primary-tuberculosis-of-cervix-a-coincidental-finding
#18
Nalini Sharma, Ahanthem Santa Singh, Yookarin Khonglah, Jaya Mishra
BACKGROUND: 95% of Tuberculosis (TB) of the female genital tract (FGT) is located in tissues other than the cervix. A rare case of primary TB of the cervix which was diagnosed coincidently in a patient of endometrioma was reported in this study. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34 year old nullipara, a diagnosed case of endometrioma had a small cervical growth. Pap smear and biopsy was taken and sent for histopathological examination. Her histopathological examination revealed multiple epitheloid cell granuloma and langerhans type giant cell caeseation...
October 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920879/recurrent-solitary-fibrous-tumor-of-lumbar-spine-with-vertebral-body-involvement-imaging-features-and-differential-diagnosis-with-report-of-a-case
#19
Zerwa Farooq, Zain Badar, Daniel Zaccarini, Felix B Tavernier, Anthony Mohamed, Rajiv Mangla
Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) of the spine are exceedingly rare tumors of mesenchymal origin. Most spinal SFTs arise from the thoracic spine, followed by cervical spine, and last lumbar spine with only 6 cases reported in literature. SFTs represent a wide range of neoplasms, ranging from benign to malignant. These tumors can develop a late recurrence, even after a decade or more of initial presentation, requiring long-term follow-up. We present a case of recurrent SFT of the lumbar spine with vertebral body involvement, presenting more than a decade after initial resection...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920853/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-adenoma-malignum-of-the-uterine-cervix-with-pathologic-correlation-a-case-report
#20
Alba Castán Senar, Blanca Paño, Adela Saco, Carlos Nicolau
Adenoma malignum (AM) is considered a rare subtype of cervical adenocarcinoma. Although previous reports have described magnetic resonance findings, none of these reports evaluated the utility of diffusion-weighted imaging in the differential diagnosis of AM and other multicystic cervical lesions. We present a case report of an AM that did not show restriction on the apparent diffusion coefficient map, which can be explained by the low cellularity of the tumor. This is consistent with the proper correlation between the diffusion imaging and histopathology of the tumor...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
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