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Intergenerational transmission

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340906/an-exploratory-study-on-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-obesity-and-dieting-proneness
#1
Elizabeth A Claydon, Keith J Zullig, Christa L Lilly, Stephanie C Zerwas, Danielle M Davidov, Lesley Cottrell, Marney A White
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of research exploring individuals' memories of parental dieting behavior, engagement in "fat talk", or criticism of weight or eating behavior in childhood. This exploratory study utilized a community sample to further characterize the retrospective report of parenting dieting behavior. METHODS: A total of 507 participants (78.1% females; 20.7% males; and 1.2% transgender) were recruited to participate in an online, self-administered survey...
January 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323523/trauma-across-generations-and-paths-to-adaptation-and-resilience
#2
Amy Lehrner, Rachel Yehuda
OBJECTIVE: There is a growing literature on the intergenerational transmission of trauma, representing approaches across psychodynamic, family systems, epidemiological, sociological, and biological levels of analysis. Embitterment has been proposed as a response to severe, but normative, stressful events, different from the life-threatening trauma that precedes posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHOD: This article reviews the potential applicability of the construct of embitterment to trauma and intergenerational effects through (a) a historical review of the intergenerational transmission of trauma literature, (b) a discussion of embitterment versus PTSD, (c) a brief review of theories of mechanisms of transmission, and (d) a discussion of biological findings and their interpretation...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316540/allogrooming-in-male-female-pairs-of-captive-owl-monkeys-aotus-nancymaae
#3
Christy K Wolovich, Elizabeth Tapanes, Sian Evans
Owl monkeys (Aotus spp.) are socially monogamous, yet allogrooming is reported to be rare. Because Aotus are nocturnal and arboreal, allogrooming is difficult to observe in natural settings. We observed 21 male-female pairs of captive Aotus nancymaae during 2 nonconsecutive study periods in order to describe the details of allogrooming between mates (partner grooming). We found that grooming bouts are brief and consist of tugging the hair or skin with flexed fingers and/or the mouth. Males groomed females most often, and their rates of partner grooming were negatively related to age...
January 10, 2018: Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309558/intergenerational-influence-of-paternal-obesity-on-metabolic-and-reproductive-health-parameters-of-the-offspring-male-preferential-impact-and-involvement-of-kiss1-mediated-pathways
#4
Miguel Angel Sanchez-Garrido, Francisco Ruiz-Pino, Inmaculada Velasco, Alexia Barroso, Daniela Fernandois, Violeta Heras, Maria Manfredi-Lozano, Maria Jesus Vazquez, Juan Manuel Castellano, Juan Roa, Leonor Pinilla, Manuel Tena-Sempere
Obesity and its comorbidities are reaching epidemic proportions worldwide. Maternal obesity is known to predispose the offspring to metabolic disorders, independently of genetic inheritance. This intergenerational transmission has also been suggested for paternal obesity, with a potential negative impact on the metabolic and, eventually, reproductive health of the offspring, likely via epigenetic changes in spermatozoa. However, the neuroendocrine component of such phenomenon and whether paternal obesity sensitizes the offspring to the disturbances induced by high fat diet (HFD) remain poorly defined...
December 22, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302748/like-mother-like-daughter-like-father-like-son-intergenerational-transmission-of-internalizing-symptoms-at-early-school-age-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Anna Andreas, Lars O White, Susan Sierau, Sonja Perren, Kai von Klitzing, Annette M Klein
Despite the well-established link between parental depressive symptoms and children's internalizing symptoms, studies that divide transmission into gender-specific components remain scarce. Therefore, the present study focused on gender-specific associations between internalizing symptoms of parents and children over the course of early school age, a key stage where gender-specific roles are increasingly adopted. Participants were 272 children (49.6% girls) oversampled for internalizing symptoms. Parents completed questionnaires twice during early school age (mean age time 1 = 7...
January 4, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302722/parental-transmission-of-smoking-among-middle-aged-and-older-populations-in-russia-and-belarus
#6
Alexi Gugushvili, Martin McKee, Aytalina Azarova, Michael Murphy, Darja Irdam, Lawrence King
OBJECTIVES: The very high rates of smoking among men and the rapid changes among women in the Post-Soviet countries mean that this region offers an opportunity to understand better the intergenerational role of parental influences on smoking. METHODS: In this study, we exploit a unique data set, the PrivMort cohort study conducted in 30 Russian and 20 Belarusian towns in 2014-2015, which collects information on behaviours of middle-aged and older individuals and their parents, including smoking...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295029/perspective-taking-and-empathy-mitigate-family-of-origin-risk-for-electronic-aggression-perpetration-toward-dating-partners-a-brief-report
#7
Michelle C Ramos, Kelly F Miller, Ilana K Moss, Gayla Margolin
Electronic dating aggression among emerging adults is prevalent and has adverse consequences, yet factors that increase or decrease the risk for perpetrating electronic aggression against a romantic partner are understudied. This investigation advances the literature in two novel ways. First, based on intergenerational transmission of violence theories, we tested the link between family-of-origin aggression (FOA) history and electronic aggression toward romantic partners, using a diverse sample of emerging adults...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294768/social-learning-theory-gender-and-intimate-partner-violent-victimization-a-structural-equations-approach
#8
Ráchael A Powers, John K Cochran, Jon Maskaly, Christine S Sellers
The purpose of this study is to examine the applicability of Akers's Social Learning Theory (SLT) to explain intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization. In doing so, we draw on the Intergenerational Transmission of Violence Theory (IGT) to extend the scope of SLT to the explanation of victimization and for a consideration of uniquely gendered pathways in its causal structure. Using a structural equation modeling approach with self-report data from a sample of college students, the present study tests the extent to which SLT can effectively explain and predict IPV victimization and the degree, if any, to which the social learning model is gender invariant...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294745/gender-s-role-in-exposure-to-interparental-violence-acceptance-of-violence-self-efficacy-and-physical-teen-dating-violence-among-quebec-adolescents
#9
Catherine Ruel, Francine Lavoie, Martine Hébert, Martin Blais
Despite efforts to prevent physical teen dating violence, it remains a major public health issue with multiple negative consequences. This study aims to investigate gender differences in the relationships between exposure to interparental violence (mother-to-father violence, father-to-mother violence), acceptance of dating violence (perpetrated by boys, perpetrated by girls), and self-efficacy to disclose teen dating violence. Data were drawn from Waves 1 and 2 of the Quebec Youth Romantic Relationships Project, conducted with a representative sample of Quebec high school students...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289984/prevalence-of-mental-disorders-among-children-and-adolescents-of-parents-with-self-reported-mental-health-problems
#10
Sarah E Johnson, David Lawrence, Francisco Perales, Janeen Baxter, Stephen R Zubrick
This paper provides Australian population-level estimates of the prevalence of parental self-reported lifetime mental disorders and past 12 month mental disorders in their children. It leverages unique data from the 2013-2014 Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (Young Minds Matter) (n = 6310). Mental disorders were assessed in 4-17 year-olds using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children Version IV. Primary carer (PC) and secondary carer mental health was based on PC-reported lifetime diagnoses...
December 30, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289810/intergenerational-transmission-of-human-capital-is-it-a-one-way-street
#11
Petter Lundborg, Kaveh Majlesi
Studies on the intergenerational transmission of human capital usually assume a one-way spillover from parents to children. However, children may also affect their parents' human capital. Using exogenous variation in education, arising from a Swedish compulsory schooling reform in the 1950s and 1960s, we address this question by studying the causal effect of children's schooling on their parents' longevity. We first replicate previous findings of a positive and significant cross-sectional relationship between children's education and their parents' longevity...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258355/coping-strategies-of-former-prisoners-of-war-mediate-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms
#12
Gadi Zerach
OBJECTIVES: Certain coping strategies, characterized by emotional coping or disengagement/ avoidance, have been linked to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and PTSD symptoms (PTSS). However, the role of primary trauma victims' coping strategies in the intergenerational transmission of PTSS is still lacking. This prospective study assessed the mediating role of former prisoners of war's (ex-POWs) coping strategies in the associations between ex-POWs' PTSS and their adult offspring's secondary PTSS in relation to their fathers' captivity and psychiatric symptomatology...
December 19, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239580/promotion-of-mental-health-in-the-core-of-public-health-work
#13
Kristian Wahlbeck, Marjo Hannukkala, Johannes Parkkonen, Jukka Valkonen, Tytti Solantaus
Positive trends achieved in health in Finland are not equally reflected mental health, hence mental health promotion deserves a central position. Mental health promotion refers to strengthening of psychological resources, and has been linked to increased well-being and life satisfaction. Health care has an important role in supporting a solid foundation of mental health and in preventing intergenerational transmission of problems. Mental health promotion requires strong involvement of non-health sectors. There are means for strengthening mental health skills also on the individual level...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233201/intergenerational-transmission-of-violence-the-mediating-role-of-adolescent-psychopathology-symptoms
#14
Sabina Low, Stacey S Tiberio, Joann Wu Shortt, Carrie Mulford, J Mark Eddy, Deborah M Capaldi
Evidence on the intergenerational continuity of intimate partner violence (IPV) suggests small to moderate associations between childhood exposure and young adult IPV involvement, suggesting an indirect effects model. Yet, few prospective studies have formally tested meditational mechanisms. The current study tested a prospective (over 9 years) moderated-mediational model in which adolescent psychopathology symptoms (i.e., internalizing, externalizing, and combined) mediated the association between exposure to IPV in middle childhood and young adult IPV perpetration...
December 13, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198470/parental-advisory-maternal-and-paternal-stress-can-impact-offspring-neurodevelopment
#15
REVIEW
Jennifer C Chan, Bridget M Nugent, Tracy L Bale
Parental stress exposures are implicated in the risk for offspring neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disorders, prompting critical examination of preconception and prenatal periods as vulnerable to environmental insults such as stress. Evidence from human studies and animal models demonstrates the influence that both maternal and paternal stress exposures have in changing the course of offspring brain development. Mechanistic examination of modes of intergenerational transmission of exposure during pregnancy has pointed to alterations in placental signaling, including changes in inflammatory, nutrient-sensing, and epigenetic pathways...
October 13, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189023/the-intergenerational-transmission-of-cannabis-use-associations-between-parental-history-of-cannabis-use-and-cannabis-use-disorder-low-positive-parenting-and-offspring-cannabis-use
#16
Melanie Hill, Ariel Sternberg, Hye Won Suk, Madeline H Meier, Laurie Chassin
Parental cannabis use disorder (CUD) and low positive parenting (monitoring, support, and consistency) are risk factors for adolescent cannabis use. However, it is unclear whether parental cannabis use without CUD is sufficient to increase risk for low positive parenting and adolescent cannabis use. Additionally, parents may not treat each of their adolescents the same, and risk for adolescent cannabis use may increase as a result of low levels of positive parenting in families or low positive parenting unique to each adolescent...
November 30, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180973/mothers-intrinsic-math-motivation-arithmetic-skills-and-math-anxiety-in-elementary-school
#17
Lital Daches Cohen, Orly Rubinsten
Math anxiety is influenced by environmental, cognitive, and personal factors. Yet, the concurrent relationships between these factors have not been examined. To this end, the current study investigated how the math anxiety of 30 sixth graders is affected by: (a) mother's math anxiety and maternal behaviors (environmental factors); (b) children's arithmetic skills (cognitive factors); and (c) intrinsic math motivation (personal factor). A rigorous assessment of children's math anxiety was made by using both explicit and implicit measures...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180726/intergenerational-transfer-of-antibiotic-perturbed-microbiota-enhances-colitis-in-susceptible-mice
#18
Anjelique F Schulfer, Thomas Battaglia, Yelina Alvarez, Luc Bijnens, Victoria E Ruiz, Melody Ho, Serina Robinson, Tonya Ward, Laura M Cox, Arlin B Rogers, Dan Knights, R Balfour Sartor, Martin J Blaser
Antibiotic exposure in children has been associated with the risk of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Antibiotic use in children or in their pregnant mother can affect how the intestinal microbiome develops, so we asked whether the transfer of an antibiotic-perturbed microbiota from mothers to their children could affect their risk of developing IBD. Here we demonstrate that germ-free adult pregnant mice inoculated with a gut microbial community shaped by antibiotic exposure transmitted their perturbed microbiota to their offspring with high fidelity...
November 27, 2017: Nature Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172238/women-who-had-positive-relationships-with-their-own-mothers-reported-good-attachments-to-their-first-child-before-and-after-birth
#19
Franca Tani, Valeria Castagna, Lucia Ponti
AIM: Bowlby's attachment intergenerational transmission theory suggests that a woman's attachment to her parents, particularly her mother, plays an important role in her future parenting. We studied whether there was any association between pregnant women's attachment to their baby before and after birth and their relationships with their mothers. METHODS: A longitudinal study was carried out in 2015 on 201 first-time mothers recruited in the maternity ward of the level two Misericordia e Dolce Hospital in Prato, Italy...
November 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163268/sex-differences-in-intergenerational-income-transmission-and-educational-attainment-testing-the-trivers-willard-hypothesis
#20
Katharina E Pink, Anna Schaman, Martin Fieder
From an evolutionary point of view, sex differences in intergenerational transmission of income may be influenced by the Trivers-Willard (T-W) effect: Low status parents should invest more in daughters, whereas high status parents are expected to invest more in sons. This bias in parental investment may result in status-dependent sex biased parental support for higher education and educational attainment and should therefore affect the level of intergenerational income transmission for the sons and daughters...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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