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Intergenerational transmission

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433421/strain-specific-programming-of-prenatal-ethanol-exposure-across-generations
#1
Daniel O Popoola, Michael E Nizhnikov, Nicole M Cameron
Behavioral consequences of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) can be transmitted from in utero-exposed F1 generation to their F2 offspring. This type of transmission is modulated by genetic and epigenetic mechanisms. This study investigated the intergenerational consequences of prenatal exposure to a low ethanol dose (1 g/kg) during gestational days 17-20, on ethanol-induced hypnosis in adolescent male F1 and F2 generations, in two strains of rats. Adolescent Long-Evans and Sprague-Dawley male rats were tested for sensitivity to ethanol-induced hypnosis at a 3...
January 4, 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433086/intergenerational-transmission-of-maternal-childhood-maltreatment-exposure-implications-for-fetal-brain-development
#2
REVIEW
Claudia Buss, Sonja Entringer, Nora K Moog, Philipp Toepfer, Damien A Fair, Hyagriv N Simhan, Christine M Heim, Pathik D Wadhwa
OBJECTIVE: Growing evidence suggests the deleterious consequences of exposure to childhood maltreatment (CM) not only might endure over the exposed individual's lifespan but also might be transmitted across generations. The time windows, mechanisms, and targets of such intergenerational transmission are poorly understood. The prevailing paradigm posits that mother-to-child transmission of the effects of maternal CM likely occurs after her child's birth. The authors seek to extend this paradigm and advance a transdisciplinary framework that integrates the concepts of biological embedding of life experiences and fetal origins of health and disease risk...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427728/with-a-little-help-from-my-child-a-dyad-approach-to-immigrant-mothers-and-adolescents-socio-cultural-adaptation
#3
Peter F Titzmann, Burkhard Gniewosz
Intergenerational adjustment theories suggest that immigrant adolescents may be particularly influential in their families, as they take on family obligations and serve as language brokers. Empirical research in this regard is, however, scarce. One aim of this study was to test whether adolescents' linguistic competence in German adds to the explanation of maternal socio-cultural adaptation difficulties in Germany. Another aim was to investigate whether the association between adolescents' linguistic competence and maternal socio-cultural adaptation difficulties differs depending on adolescents' involvement in family obligations...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401837/new-insight-on-intergenerational-attachment-from-a-relationship-based-analysis
#4
Heidi N Bailey, George M Tarabulsy, Greg Moran, David R Pederson, Sandi Bento
Research on attachment transmission has focused on variable-centered analyses, where hypotheses are tested by examining linear associations between variables. The purpose of this study was to apply a relationship-centered approach to data analysis, where adult states of mind, maternal sensitivity, and infant attachment were conceived as being three components of a single, intergenerational relationship. These variables were assessed in 90 adolescent and 99 adult mother-infant dyads when infants were 12 months old...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396611/familial-transmission-of-educational-plans-and-the-academic-self-concept-a-three-generation-longitudinal-study
#5
Jeylan T Mortimer, Lei Zhang, Chen-Yu Wu, Jeanette Hussemann, Monica Kirkpatrick Johnson
This research investigates the social reproduction of inequality by drawing on prospective longitudinal data from three generations of Youth Development Study respondents. It examines intergenerational influence on the relatively unexplored academic self-concept as well as educational plans, a critical component of the status attainment model. A structural equation model, based on 422 3-generation triads, finds evidence that the sources giving rise to the development of children's (Generation 3) achievement orientations do not only result from parental (G2) contemporaneous influence...
March 2017: Social Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394673/psychosocial-factors-related-to-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-externalizing-behaviors-in-early-midlife
#6
Chenshu Zhang, Judith S Brook, Neo K Morojele, Mario De La Rosa, Carl G Leukefeld, David W Brook
BACKGROUND: To study the intergenerational transmission of externalizing behaviors. METHODS: Participants came from a community-based random sample of residents in two upstate New York counties (N = 548). Data were collected from mothers at mean age 40 and from their children from adolescence (mean age = 14, SD = 2.8) to early midlife (mean age = 43, SD = 2.8) at seven time points. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to study the psychosocial factors as related to externalizing behaviors in early midlife...
April 10, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391964/associations-between-fathers-and-sons-sexual-risk-in-rural-kenya-the-potential-for-intergenerational-transmission
#7
Ali M Giusto, Eric P Green, Eve S Puffer
PURPOSE: Despite high rates of HIV in areas of Sub-Saharan Africa and men's role in driving the epidemic, little is known about whether or how sexual risk-both behaviors and beliefs-may be passed down through generations of males. This study examined associations between sexual risk behaviors and sex-related beliefs of adolescent males and those of their male caregivers in Kenya, as well as the potential moderating effects of parenting characteristics and father-son relationship quality...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391139/shadows-of-the-past-and-threats-of-the-future-isis-anxiety-among-grandchildren-of-holocaust-survivors
#8
Yaakov Hoffman, Amit Shrira
The current study examined intergenerational transmission of trauma in grandchildren of Holocaust survivors. While many typically do not find evidence for such effects, careful reading of the relevant literature suggests conditions under which such effects may be obtained. Following, we made use of three factors. First, we took the number of grandparents exposed to the Holocaust into account. Second, we examined participants who were exposed to present terror and displayed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms...
April 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381639/gestational-exposure-to-sidestream-secondhand-cigarette-smoke-promotes-transgenerational-epigenetic-transmission-of-exacerbated-allergic-asthma-and-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#9
Shashi P Singh, Hitendra S Chand, Raymond J Langley, Neerad Mishra, Ted Barrett, Karin Rudolph, Carmen Tellez, Piotr T Filipczak, Steve Belinsky, Ali I Saeed, Aryaz Sheybani, Vernat Exil, Hemant Agarwal, Venkataramana K Sidhaye, Thomas Sussan, Shyam Biswal, Mohan Sopori
Embryonic development is highly sensitive to xenobiotic toxicity and in utero exposure to environmental toxins affects physiological responses of the progeny. In the United States, the prevalence of allergic asthma (AA) is inexplicably rising and in utero exposure to cigarette smoke increases the risk of AA and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in children and animal models. We reported that gestational exposure to sidestream cigarette smoke (SS), or secondhand smoke, promoted nicotinic acetylcholine receptor-dependent exacerbation of AA and BPD in mice...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369697/is-it-good-to-share-intergenerational-transmission-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#10
EDITORIAL
N T Fear, S Wessely
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364849/are-there-neighborhood-effects-on-young-adult-neighborhood-attainment-evidence-from-mixed-logit-models
#11
Pat Rubio Goldsmith, Maureen Pylman, William Vélez
Studies of racial residential attainment show an intergenerational transmission of racial contexts from youth to adulthood, but it is unclear why this transmission is so robust. It is possible that experiences in racial contexts during youth have lasting effects on neighborhood selection in adulthood, but evidence for this claim has come from research using statistical methods that suffer from problems of ecological dependence and conflation of other neighborhood characteristics. In this study, we address these limitations using mixed-logit models, a form of discrete choice analyses, allowing us to control for differences across metropolitan areas and for multiple characteristics of neighborhoods that may affect the selection of destination neighborhoods...
May 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349864/why-does-the-health-of-mexican-immigrants-deteriorate-new-evidence-from-linked-birth-records
#12
Osea Giuntella
This study uses a unique dataset linking the birth records of two generations of children born in California and Florida (1970-2009) to analyze the mechanisms behind the generational decline observed in birth outcomes of children of Mexican origin. Calibrating a simple model of intergenerational transmission of birth weight, I show that modest positive selection on health at the time of migration can account for the initial advantage in birth outcomes of second-generation Mexicans. Moreover, accounting for the socioeconomic differences between second-generation Mexicans and white natives and the observed intergenerational correlation in birth weight, the model predicts a greater deterioration than that observed in the data...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314172/the-risk-of-cancer-in-the-offspring-and-parental-length-of-life
#13
Ruby Del Risco Kollerud, Karl Gerhard Blaasaas, Bjørgulf Claussen, Bente Oftedal, Øyvind Næss
BACKGROUND: We investigated if cancer onset in offspring is related to having short-lived parents for different cancer types and to see if there was a difference in smoking- and non-smoking related cancers. METHODS: Our study included 524,391 individuals born in Norway 1940-1950. All children were followed up for cancer from the age of 20 until they were between 59 and 69 years. Parental longevity was examined by grouping parental age of death into parents dying before 75 years of age and parents dying at 75 years of age or older...
March 14, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273104/labeling-and-intergenerational-transmission-of-crime-the-interaction-between-criminal-justice-intervention-and-a-convicted-parent
#14
Sytske Besemer, David P Farrington, Catrien C J H Bijleveld
Labeling theory suggests that criminal justice interventions amplify offending behavior. Theories of intergenerational transmission suggest why children of convicted parents have a higher risk of offending. This paper combines these two perspectives and investigates whether labeling effects might be stronger for children of convicted parents. We first investigated labeling effects within the individual: we examined the impact of a conviction between ages 19-26 on self-reported offending behavior between 27-32 while controlling for self-reported behavior between 15-18...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271440/global-white-matter-microstructural-abnormalities-associated-with-addiction-liability-score-in-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-youth
#15
Leslie Hulvershorn, Tom Hummer, Yu-Chien Wu, Ralph Tarter, Parker Rea, Amit Anand, R Andrew Chambers, Peter Finn
Abnormalities in brain white matter (WM) structure have been reported in youths having a family history of substance use disorders (SUDs). It was hypothesized that these abnormalities constitute features of the liability for SUDs transmitted across generations. The association between severity of intergenerational risk for SUD, measured by the Transmissible Liability Index (TLI), and white matter microstructure was examined. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measured WM microstructure in forty-four drug-naïve 10-14 year-olds (N = 19 with parental SUD)...
March 7, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218481/an-analysis-of-sibling-correlations-in-health-using-latent-variable-models
#16
Timothy J Halliday, Bhashkar Mazumder
We investigate sibling correlations in youth health status using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. We do so by estimating the covariance structure of a system of equations in latent variables using methods that have hitherto not been used in the literature on intergenerational transmissions of health. Across a battery of outcomes, we find that between 50 and 60% of health status can be attributed to shared familial or neighborhood characteristics. Taking the principal component across all outcomes, we obtain a sibling correlation of about 53%...
February 20, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212600/persistence-of-social-inequalities-in-modern-welfare-states-explanation-of-a-paradox
#17
Johan P Mackenbach
AIMS: Social-epidemiological explanations of health inequalities usually take the existence of social inequality as a given and ignore the fundamental questions of why social inequality exists in the first place and why it is so persistent. I review here theories of the explanation of social inequality to identify the processes and/or structures responsible for its persistence. METHODS: This paper is a review of the relevant sociological literature. RESULTS: The sociological literature suggests that what persists over long periods of time is not a specific manifestation of social inequality but a 'meta-phenomenon': the fact that there are different social positions, that these social positions give access to different levels of resources in some graded way and that the distribution of individuals over social positions follows rules that create inequalities in the opportunities for achieving a more advantaged social position...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203082/the-parental-bonding-in-families-of-adolescents-with-anorexia-attachment-representations-between-parents-and-offspring
#18
Laura Balottin, Stefania Mannarini, Maura Rossi, Giorgio Rossi, Umberto Balottin
INTRODUCTION: The attachment theory is widely used in order to explain anorexia nervosa origin, course and treatment response. Nevertheless, very little literature specifically investigated parental bonding in adolescents with anorexia, as well as the parents' own bonding and intergenerational transmission within the family. PURPOSE: This study aims to identify any specific pattern of parental bonding in families of adolescents newly diagnosed with restricting-type anorexia, comparing them to the families of the control group...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202230/intergenerational-transmission-of-enhanced-seizure-susceptibility-after-febrile-seizures
#19
Dengchang Wu, Bo Feng, Yunjian Dai, Xiaohua Wu, Bin Chen, Cenglin Xu, Yangshun Tang, Kang Wang, Shihong Zhang, Shuang Wang, Benyan Luo, Zhong Chen
Environmental exposure early in development plays a role in susceptibility to disease in later life. Here, we demonstrate that prolonged febrile seizures induced by exposure of rat pups to a hyperthermic environment enhance seizure susceptibility not only in these hyperthermia-treated rats but also in their future offspring, even if the offspring never experience febrile seizures. This transgenerational transmission was intensity-dependent and was mainly from mothers to their offspring. The transmission was associated with DNA methylation...
March 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191632/from-fathers-to-sons-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-parenting-behavior-among-african-american-young-men
#20
Geoffrey L Brown, Steven M Kogan, Jihyoung Kim
This study examined the intergenerational transmission of fathering among young, African American fathers in rural communities. A sample of 132 African American young men living in the rural South reported on the quality of their relationship with their biological and social fathers in the family of origin, their own involvement with their young children, and relational schemas of close, intimate relationships. Results of path analyses supported the hypothesized mediational model, such that a better relationship with one's biological (but not social) father predicted increased father involvement in the next generation, and this association was partially mediated through positive relational schema after controlling for a range of covariates...
February 13, 2017: Family Process
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