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Intergenerational transmission

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607066/socioeconomic-disadvantage-gestational-immune-activity-and-neurodevelopment-in-early-childhood
#1
Stephen E Gilman, Mady Hornig, Akhgar Ghassabian, Jill Hahn, Sara Cherkerzian, Paul S Albert, Stephen L Buka, Jill M Goldstein
Children raised in economically disadvantaged households face increased risks of poor health in adulthood, suggesting that inequalities in health have early origins. From the child's perspective, exposure to economic hardship may begin as early as conception, potentially via maternal neuroendocrine-immune responses to prenatal stressors, which adversely impact neurodevelopment. Here we investigate whether socioeconomic disadvantage is associated with gestational immune activity and whether such activity is associated with abnormalities among offspring during infancy...
June 12, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595640/exploring-the-intergenerational-persistence-of-health-behaviour-an-empirical-study-of-smoking-from-china
#2
Jay Pan, Wei Han
BACKGROUND: It is of significance to look into the intergenerational transmission of risk behaviour to explain the disparity of health. Our paper contributes to the literature by providing evidence in the context of China, focusing on smoking behaviour. METHODS: This paper studies the intergenerational transmission of smoking in the context of China using a nationally representative dataset - the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS). The two-part model, the Tobit model, and the fixed effects model are utilized for the empirical analysis, respectively...
June 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582630/attitudes-and-expectations-in-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-breastfeeding-a-phenomenological-study
#3
Rocío Rodriguez Vazquez, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, Inmaculada Corral-Liria, Raquel Jiménez-Fernández, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo
BACKGROUND: The socially constructed meanings of breastfeeding that have been passed from generation to generation by grandmothers produce continuities and discontinuities in the practices of breastfeeding. Research aim: The aim of this study is to explore the objectives and positioning of women today with respect to their role as future grandmothers, based on their experiences with breastfeeding. That is, what role do future grandmothers wish to have in the lives of their breastfeeding daughters and grandchildren? METHODS: A qualitative study with interpretative phenomenological analysis was conducted based on the philosophy of Martin Heidegger, using a sample of unstructured interviews from 20 women in Madrid...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579639/the-intergenerational-transmission-of-union-instability-in-early-adulthood
#4
Paul R Amato, Sarah Patterson
Research on the intergenerational transmission of divorce should be expanded to incorporate disrupted nonmarital cohabitations. The current study (1) examined the transmission of union instability from parents to offspring using Waves I and IV of Add Health, (2) replaced the binary variables (divorced versus non-divorced) typically used in this literature with count variables (number of disrupted unions), (3) relied on independent sources for data on parents' and offspring's union disruptions to minimize same-source bias, (4) assessed the mediating role of 11 theoretically derived variables (many not previously considered in this literature), and (5) incorporated information on discord in intact parental unions...
June 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577633/prenatal-maternal-factors-intergenerational-transmission-of-disease-and-child-oral-health-outcomes
#5
REVIEW
Tracy L Finlayson, Aarti Gupta, Francisco J Ramos-Gomez
This article reviews maternal prenatal risk factors for caries in children and intergenerational transmission of caries, emphasizing early interventions for pregnant women and mother-infant pairs. A growing body of evidence focuses on maternal interventions. Studies suggest that early prenatal clinical and educational interventions are effective at reducing mother-child mutans streptococci (MS) transmission and delaying colonization and caries in young children. Dental screenings and anticipatory guidance about maternal and infant oral health should be included in prenatal care and pediatric well visits...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575505/like-mother-like-daughter-putamen-activation-as-a-mechanism-underlying-intergenerational-risk-for-depression
#6
Natalie L Colich, Tiffany C Ho, Monica Ellwood-Lowe, Lara C Foland-Ross, Matthew D Sacchet, Joelle L LeMoult, Ian H Gotlib
Having a depressed mother is one of the strongest predictors for developing depression in adolescence. Given the role of aberrant reward processing in the onset and maintenance of depression, we examined the association between mothers' and their daughters' neural response to the anticipation of reward and loss. Fifteen non-depressed mothers with a history of recurrent depression and their never-disordered daughters, and 23 mothers without past or current depression and their never-disordered daughters, underwent fMRI while performing the monetary incentive delay (MID) task...
May 29, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575259/the-association-between-childhood-abuse-and-elder-abuse-among-chinese-adult-children-in-the-united-states
#7
XinQi Dong, Ge Li, Melissa A Simon
Background: The previous researchers have postulated that an abused child may abuse his or her abuser parent when the parent is getting old, also known as the intergenerational transmission of violence. However, few studies use data to support this model, and it has yet to be examined in the U.S. Chinese community. This study aims to examine the association between childhood abuse and elder abuse reported by Chinese adult children in the United States. Methods: Guided by a community-based participatory research approach, 548 Chinese adult children aged 21 years and older participated in this study...
July 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552100/health-anxiety-and-illness-behaviour-in-children-of-mothers-with-severe-health-anxiety
#8
Mette Viller Thorgaard
Excessive health anxiety, still designated as hypochondriasis in ICD-10, refers to worries and anxiety about harbouring serious illness. It is common in both primary and secondary health care with prevalence rates up to 9% and causes great suffering for the individual as well as high health care costs when untreated. Growing research suggests that health anxiety may originate in childhood, and studies have demonstrated that cognitive and behavioural features similar to those described for health anxiety in adults may be present...
May 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549634/maternal-adverse-childhood-experience-and-infant-health-biomedical-and-psychosocial-risks-as-intermediary-mechanisms
#9
Sheri Madigan, Mark Wade, Andre Plamondon, Jonathon L Maguire, Jennifer M Jenkins
OBJECTIVE: To assess the mechanisms accounting for the transfer of risk from one generation to the next, especially as they relate to maternal adverse childhood experiences and infant physical and emotional health outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Participants were 501 community mother-infant dyads recruited shortly after the birth and followed up at 18 months. Mothers retrospectively reported on their adverse childhood experiences. The main outcome measures were parent-reported infant physical health and emotional problems...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545935/social-fear-learning-from-animal-models-to-human-function
#10
REVIEW
Jacek Debiec, Andreas Olsson
Learning about potential threats is critical for survival. Learned fear responses are acquired either through direct experiences or indirectly through social transmission. Social fear learning (SFL), also known as vicarious fear learning, is a paradigm successfully used for studying the transmission of threat information between individuals. Animal and human studies have begun to elucidate the behavioral, neural and molecular mechanisms of SFL. Recent research suggests that social learning mechanisms underlie a wide range of adaptive and maladaptive phenomena, from supporting flexible avoidance in dynamic environments to intergenerational transmission of trauma and anxiety disorders...
May 22, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535307/intergenerational-impact-of-paternal-lifetime-exposures-to-both-folic-acid-deficiency-and-supplementation-on-reproductive-outcomes-and-imprinted-gene-methylation
#11
Lundi Ly, Donovan Chan, Mahmoud Aarabi, Mylène Landry, Nathalie A Behan, Amanda J MacFarlane, Jacquetta Trasler
STUDY QUESTION: Do paternal exposures to folic acid deficient (FD), and/or folic acid supplemented (FS) diets, throughout germ cell development adversely affect male germ cells and consequently offspring health outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Male mice exposed over their lifetimes to both FD and FS diets showed decreased sperm counts and altered imprinted gene methylation with evidence of transmission of adverse effects to the offspring, including increased postnatal-preweaning mortality and variability in imprinted gene methylation...
May 23, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517968/a-community-based-qualitative-study-of-intergenerational-resilience-with-palestinian-refugee-families-facing-structural-violence-and-historical-trauma
#12
Devin G Atallah
The purpose of this study was to explore resilience processes in Palestinian refugee families living under Israeli occupation for multiple generations. Qualitative methods, critical postcolonial theories, and community-based research approaches were used to examine intergenerational protective practices and to contribute to reconceptualizations of resilience from indigenous perspectives. First, the researcher developed a collaborative partnership with a nongovernmental organization (NGO) in a UN refugee camp in the occupied West Bank...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516386/intergenerational-transmission-of-depressive-symptoms-the-role-of-parental-negative-perceptions-and-behaviors
#13
Yiji Wang
This study examined parental proximal processes involving in the intergenerational transmission of depressive symptoms from parents to their children. Extant literature has predominantly focused on maternal depressive symptoms. Yet, the mechanisms that may underlie the transmission of paternal depressive symptoms is less often studied. Participants were Chinese parents of first-graders (N = 2282). Results of structural equation modeling suggested that maternal and paternal depressive symptoms may be transmitted to their children through differential processes...
May 17, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515007/effects-of-maternal-traumatic-distress-on-family-functioning-and-child-mental-health-an-examination-of-southeast-asian-refugee-families-in-the-u-s
#14
Cindy C Sangalang, Justin Jager, Tracy W Harachi
BACKGROUND: The psychological effects of trauma are well-documented among refugee adults and children alone, yet less research has attended to the intergenerational transmission of trauma within refugee families. Additionally, there is considerable diversity between refugee populations as well as within-group variation in the experiences and effects of refugee trauma. OBJECTIVE: The current study examines the longitudinal effects of maternal traumatic distress on family functioning and child mental health outcomes among Southeast Asian refugee women and their adolescent children...
May 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509617/intergenerational-transmission-of-traumatization-theoretical-framework-and-implications-for-prevention
#15
Ariel J Lang, Maria A Gartstein
Intergenerational transmission of traumatization (ITT) occurs when traumatized parents have offspring with increased risk for emotional and behavioral problems. Although fetal exposure to the maternal biological milieu is known to be one factor in ITT, PTSD-driven parent-child interactions represent an additional important and potentially modifiable contributor. The Perinatal Interactional Model of ITT presented herein proposes that PTSD leads to social learning and suboptimal parent-child interactions, which undermine child regulatory capacity and increase distress, largely explaining poor social-emotional outcomes for offspring of parents with PTSD...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507534/stress-and-alterations-in-bones-an-interdisciplinary-perspective
#16
REVIEW
Pia-Maria Wippert, Michael Rector, Gisela Kuhn, Karin Wuertz-Kozak
Decades of research have demonstrated that physical stress (PS) stimulates bone remodeling and affects bone structure and function through complex mechanotransduction mechanisms. Recent research has laid ground to the hypothesis that mental stress (MS) also influences bone biology, eventually leading to osteoporosis and increased bone fracture risk. These effects are likely exerted by modulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity, resulting in an altered release of growth hormones, glucocorticoids and cytokines, as demonstrated in human and animal studies...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500085/the-most-common-vices-of-men-can-damage-fertility-and-the-health-of-the-next-generation
#17
Tod Fullston, Nicole O McPherson, Deirdre Zander-Fox, Michelle Lane
There is growing evidence from animal and human studies that demonstrate that acquired paternal traits can impair both a male's fertility and the health of his offspring, including advanced age, smoking, stress, trauma, under-nutrition, infection, toxin exposure, and obesity. Curiously, many of these factors manifest as impaired neurological, behavioural, and/or metabolic functioning in offspring. The underlying molecular mechanisms that respond to the paternal environment and act as vectors of intergenerational transmission are beginning to emerge...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499429/parental-work-absenteeism-is-associated-with-increased-symptom-complaints-and-school-absence-in-adolescent-children
#18
Mari Hysing, Keith J Petrie, Tormod Bøe, Børge Sivertsen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have proposed that having parents out of work may influence adolescent illness behaviour and school attendance. However, prior research investigating this question has been limited by retrospective reporting and case control studies. In a large epidemiological study we investigated whether parental work absence was associated with symptom complaints and increased school absenteeism in adolescents. METHODS: We analysed data from a large epidemiological study of 10,243 Norwegian adolescents aged 16-19...
May 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494413/household-chaos-as-a-context-for-intergenerational-transmission-of-executive-functioning
#19
Alexis Brieant, Christopher J Holmes, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Brooks King-Casas, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
Executive functioning (EF) may be transmitted across generations such that strengths or deficiencies in parent EF are similarly manifested in the child. The present study examined the contributions of parent EF and impulsivity on adolescent EF, and investigated whether household chaos is an environmental moderator that alters these transmission processes. American adolescents (N = 167, 47% female, 13-14 years old at Time 1) completed behavioral measures of EF and reported household chaos at Time 1 and one year later at Time 2...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464266/increased-pupil-dilation-to-angry-faces-predicts-interpersonal-stress-generation-in-offspring-of-depressed-mothers
#20
Cope Feurer, Katie L Burkhouse, Greg Siegle, Brandon E Gibb
BACKGROUND: Interpersonal stress generation is one mechanism hypothesized to increase risk for the intergenerational transmission of depression. Although there is some evidence of stress generation in offspring of depressed mothers, specific predictors of stress generation in these youth remain unknown. The goal of this study was to examine a peripheral measure of cognitive-affective reactivity (i.e. pupil dilation) to emotional interpersonal stimuli as a predictor of stress generation in offspring of depressed mothers...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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