keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Intergenerational transmission

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762741/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-health-inequality
#1
Andrea E Willson, Kim M Shuey
Objectives: Empirical investigations of cumulative dis/advantage typically treat health inequality as an intra-individual process rooted in early-life conditions and operating within the span of the individual life course, while literature on processes of intergenerational transmission has historically focused on socioeconomic mobility, largely overlooking health. The current study examines the persistence of work disability across generations and multiple explanations for this relationship, including the role of early life disadvantage, childhood health, educational attainment, and social mobility...
May 14, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756284/factors-associated-with-atxn2-cag-caa-repeat-intergenerational-instability-in-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-2
#2
L E Almaguer-Mederos, J M L Mesa, Y González-Zaldívar, D Almaguer-Gotay, D Cuello-Almarales, R Aguilera-Rodríguez, N S Falcón, S Gispert, G Auburger, L Velázquez-Pérez
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by the unstable expansion of a CAG/CAA repeat in the ATXN2 gene, which normally encodes 22 glutamines (Q22). A large study was conducted to characterize the CAG/CAA repeat intergenerational instability in SCA2 families. Large normal alleles (LNA, Q24-31) were significantly more unstable upon maternal transmissions. In contrast, expanded alleles (EA, Q32-750) were significantly more unstable during paternal transmissions, in correlation with repeat length...
May 14, 2018: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750268/inferring-and-modeling-inheritance-of-differentially-methylated-changes-across-multiple-generations
#3
Pascal Belleau, Astrid Deschênes, Marie-Pier Scott-Boyer, Mathieu Dalvai, Janice Bailey, Arnaud Droit
High-throughput methylation sequencing enables genome-wide detection of differentially methylated sites (DMS) or regions (DMR). Increasing evidence suggests that treatment-induced DMS can be transmitted across generations, but the analysis of induced methylation changes across multiple generations is complicated by the lack of sound statistical methods to evaluate significance levels. Due to software design, DMS detection was usually made on each generation separately, thus disregarding stochastic effects expected when a large number of DMS is detected in each generation...
May 10, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744707/intergenerational-transmission-of-work-values-a-meta-analytic-review
#4
Zeynep Cemalcilar, Ekin Secinti, Nebi Sumer
Work values act as guiding principles for individuals' work-related behavior. Economic self-sufficiency is an important predictor for psychological well-being in adulthood. Longitudinal research has demonstrated work values to be an important predictor of economic behavior, and consequently of self-sufficiency. Socialization theories designate parents an important role in the socialization of their children to cultural values. Yet, extant literature is limited in demonstrating the role families play on how youth develop agentic pathways and seek self-sufficiency in transition to adulthood...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740805/examining-ecological-constraints-on-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-attachment-via-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis
#5
Marije L Verhage, R M Pasco Fearon, Carlo Schuengel, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Sheri Madigan, Glenn I Roisman, Mirjam Oosterman, Kazuko Y Behrens, Maria S Wong, Sarah Mangelsdorf, Lynn E Priddis, Karl-Heinz Brisch
Parents' attachment representations and child-parent attachment have been shown to be associated, but these associations vary across populations (Verhage et al., 2016). The current study examined whether ecological factors may explain variability in the strength of intergenerational transmission of attachment, using individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis. Analyses on 4,396 parent-child dyads (58 studies, child age 11-96 months) revealed a combined effect size of r = .29. IPD meta-analyses revealed that effect sizes for the transmission of autonomous-secure representations to secure attachments were weaker under risk conditions and weaker in adolescent parent-child dyads, whereas transmission was stronger for older children...
May 9, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734059/intergenerational-pathways-linking-maternal-early-life-adversity-to-offspring-birthweight
#6
Jennifer B Kane, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Anna Maria Siega-Riz
Adverse birth outcomes can lead to problematic long-term outcomes for children, and are also known to transmit socioeconomic disadvantage across generations, thereby amplifying the importance of identifying their social determinants. However, the full set of factors causing adverse birth outcomes remains unknown. Drawing together theory describing intragenerational (life course) processes linking early life adversity to adult health, and intergenerational transmissions of inequality via birthweight, this study tests a chain of risk that originates within early adolescence, impacts young women's risky health behaviors in late adolescence/early adulthood and risky health behaviors during pregnancy, and ultimately decreases offspring's birthweight...
April 30, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726311/the-romantic-relationship-experiences-of-young-adult-women-exposed-to-domestic-violence
#7
Megan L Haselschwerdt, Camille E Carlson, Kathleen Hlavaty
Guided by a review of the literature on intergenerational transmission of violence, or "the cycle of violence", and Johnson's typology of domestic violence, the current study qualitatively examined the romantic relationship experiences of 23 young adult women who were exposed to father-mother-perpetrated domestic violence (DV) during childhood and adolescence. Findings are partially consistent with the hypothesis that DV exposure is associated with an increased risk of later experiencing dating violence, such that half of the sample reported having abusive partners or relationships during high school...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708895/offspring-of-parents-with-mood-disorders-time-for-more-transgenerational-research-screening-and-preventive-intervention-for-this-high-risk-population
#8
Dominique Maciejewski, Manon Hillegers, Brenda Penninx
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Offspring of parents with mood disorders (major depressive and bipolar disorder) are at increased risk for developing mood disorders. In this review, an overview regarding the intergenerational transmission of mood disorders, screening, and preventive intervention is given for this vulnerable group. RECENT FINDINGS: Offspring of parents with depression have a 40% chance of developing a depression, whereas offspring of parents with bipolar disorder have a 10% chance of developing a bipolar disorder by adulthood...
April 26, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706110/the-relationship-between-physical-activity-level-of-parents-and-that-of-their-adolescent-children
#9
Hyo Jung Yoon, Sang Ah Lee, Young Jun Ju, Jin Young Nam, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: Intergenerational transmission, which refers to the similarity between parent and their children, is a possible explanation of adolescent physical activity (PA). However, only a few existing studies explore the relationship of parent-adolescent PA in East Asian countries. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the association of parent-adolescent PA using a nationally representative data in Korea with a large sample size. METHODS: Data were collected from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted from 2010 to 2014...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695786/dnmt2-mediates-intergenerational-transmission-of-paternally-acquired-metabolic-disorders-through-sperm-small-non-coding-rnas
#10
Yunfang Zhang, Xudong Zhang, Junchao Shi, Francesca Tuorto, Xin Li, Yusheng Liu, Reinhard Liebers, Liwen Zhang, Yongcun Qu, Jingjing Qian, Maya Pahima, Ying Liu, Menghong Yan, Zhonghong Cao, Xiaohua Lei, Yujing Cao, Hongying Peng, Shichao Liu, Yue Wang, Huili Zheng, Rebekah Woolsey, David Quilici, Qiwei Zhai, Lei Li, Tong Zhou, Wei Yan, Frank Lyko, Ying Zhang, Qi Zhou, Enkui Duan, Qi Chen
The discovery of RNAs (for example, messenger RNAs, non-coding RNAs) in sperm has opened the possibility that sperm may function by delivering additional paternal information aside from solely providing the DNA 1 . Increasing evidence now suggests that sperm small non-coding RNAs (sncRNAs) can mediate intergenerational transmission of paternally acquired phenotypes, including mental stress2,3 and metabolic disorders4-6 . How sperm sncRNAs encode paternal information remains unclear, but the mechanism may involve RNA modifications...
May 2018: Nature Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695221/parts-unknown-risk-factors-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-azerbaijan-kyrgyzstan-tajikistan-and-moldova
#11
Brittany E Hayes, Ryan Randa
Extant research has argued that there are variations in predictors of intimate partner violence (IPV) across nations and it is necessary to examine country-specific correlates of IPV. Much remains unknown about factors that affect risk of IPV in transitional countries. Specifically, we explore risk factors for IPV among four former nations of the Soviet Union-Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Moldova-with data from the nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys. Rates of physical abuse were similar within Tajikistan (18...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682976/disentangling-the-cycle-potential-mediators-and-moderators-in-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-parent-child-aggression
#12
Christina M Rodriguez, Paul J Silvia, Samantha Gonzalez, Maria-Ernestina Christl
Although a cycle of harsh and abusive parenting has been recognized for decades, this cycle is not inevitable. Indeed, the mechanisms underlying such patterns, and the resources parents may access to disrupt this cycle, require further study. Research investigating those processes has either relied on cross-sectional designs or largely assessed mediators or moderators at one time point. The current investigation of parent-child aggression (PCA) risk utilized a longitudinal design to consider possible mediators and moderators across three time points...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674169/intergenerational-gene-%C3%A3-environment-interaction-of-fkbp5-and-childhood-maltreatment-on-hair-steroids
#13
Alexandra M Koenig, Laura Ramo-Fernández, Christina Boeck, Maria Umlauft, Markus Pauly, Elisabeth B Binder, Clemens Kirschbaum, Harald Gündel, Alexander Karabatsiakis, Iris-Tatjana Kolassa
BACKGROUND: The inconsistency in results of cortisol alterations after childhood maltreatment (CM) might arise due to the fact that no study so far considered the effects of environmental factors such as maltreatment load and genetic factors such as the influence of FKBP5 genotype on stress hormone regulation. This study analyzed the interaction between the single nucleotide polymorphism rs1360780 within the FKBP5 gene and the severity of maternal CM experiences (maltreatment load) on hair steroid levels of mother-infant-dyads...
April 5, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671620/intergenerational-transmissions-of-mother-child-loneliness-a-moderated-mediation-model-of-familial-social-support-and-conflict-avoidance
#14
Timothy Curran
Loneliness is a psychological health issue related to deleterious physical health outcomes such as mortality and chronic disease. The aim of this research was to examine intergenerational transmissions of loneliness from mothers to adult child via a moderated mediation model of perceived familial social support and conflict avoidance. Surveys were collected from 146 (N = 292) mother-child dyads on self-reports of loneliness, familial social support, and mother-child conflict avoidance. The results showed that child perceptions of familial social support mediated the relationship between mother-child loneliness...
April 19, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664219/unusual-association-of-a-unique-cag-interruption-in-5-of-dm1-ctg-repeats-with-intergenerational-contractions-and-low-somatic-mosaicism
#15
Tome Stéphanie, Dandelot Elodie, Dogan Céline, Bertrand Alexis, Genevieve David, Pereon Yann, Simon Marie, Bonnefont Jean-Paul, Bassez Guillaume, Gourdon Geneviève
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a dominant multisystemic disorder associated with high variability of symptoms and anticipation. DM1 is caused by an unstable CTG repeat expansion that usually increases in successive generations and tissues. DM1 family pedigrees have shown that ∼90% and 10% of transmissions result in expansions and contractions of the CTG repeat, respectively. To date, the mechanisms of CTG repeat contraction remain poorly documented in DM1. In this report, we identified two new DM1 families with apparent contractions and no worsening of DM1 symptoms in two and three successive maternal transmissions...
April 17, 2018: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658766/-why-do-victims-become-perpetrators-intergenerational-transmission-of-parental-violence-in-a-representative-german-sample
#16
Deborah F Hellmann, Anja Stiller, Christoffer Glaubitz, Sören Kliem
Child maltreatment can severely impair children's emotional and physical well-being as well as their individual development across the life span. In 2011, the Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony (Germany), conducted a nationally representative victim survey on diverse forms of victimizations (N = 11,428). Among other things, experienced and exerted parental violence as well as participants' knowledge regarding the abolition of the parental right of corporal punishment were assessed. Apart from providing current estimates of the prevalence of experienced and exerted parental violence in Germany, we identified specific risk markers for the intergenerational transmission of parental violence...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651645/parental-depressive-symptoms-as-a-risk-factor-for-child-depressive-symptoms-testing-the-social-mediators-in-internationally-adopted-children
#17
Krista Liskola, Hanna Raaska, Helena Lapinleimu, Marko Elovainio
Parental depressive symptoms have shown to be associated with offspring depression but much of the research has been focused on maternal depression. The aim of our study was to investigate the extent to which depressive symptoms of both parents associate with offspring depressive symptoms and whether social factors mediate these associations using data from adopted children with no shared genetic background. Data were derived from the Finnish Adoption survey study (a subsample of adopted children aged between 9 and 12 years, n = 548)...
April 12, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651224/racial-differences-in-transitions-to-marriage-for-unmarried-mothers
#18
Gerald Eric Daniels, Venoo Kakar, Anoshua Chaudhuri
Unlike prior studies that have explained racial differences in the transitions to marriage among unmarried women, our study used the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study to examine racial differences in the transitions to marriage among unmarried women following a non-marital birth. We found that Black mothers were 60-65% more likely to delay marriage after a non-marital birth compared to White mothers and these racial gaps were only partially explained by economic, demographic and attitudinal factors...
September 2017: Journal of Family and Economic Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621692/attachment-across-the-lifespan-insights-from-adoptive-families
#19
REVIEW
Kenneth Lee Raby, Mary Dozier
Research with adoptive families offers novel insights into longstanding questions about the significance of attachment across the lifespan. We illustrate this by reviewing adoption research addressing two of attachment theory's central ideas. First, studies of children who were adopted after experiencing severe adversity offer powerful tests of the unique consequences of experiences in early attachment relationships. Although children who experience early maltreatment or institutionalization show remarkable recovery in the quality of their attachments after being placed with their adoptive families, experiencing pre-adoptive adversity also has long-lasting repercussions for these individuals' later attachment representations...
March 26, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608128/prenatal-and-postnatal-mother-to-child-transmission-of-acculturation-s-health-effects-in-hispanic-americans
#20
Molly Fox, Zaneta M Thayer, Isabel F Ramos, Sarah J Meskal, Pathik D Wadhwa
BACKGROUND: Hispanic Americans consistently exhibit an intergenerational increase in the prevalence of many noncommunicable chronic physical and mental disorders. METHODS: We review and synthesize evidence suggesting that a constellation of prenatal and postnatal factors may play crucial roles in explaining this trend. We draw from relevant literature across several disciplines, including epidemiology, anthropology, psychology, medicine (obstetrics, neonatology), and developmental biology...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
keyword
keyword
13628
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"