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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161173/a-relational-ethics-framework-for-advancing-practice-with-children-with-complex-health-care-needs-and-their-parents
#1
Franco A Carnevale, Gail Teachman, Aline Bogossian
Children with complex health care needs are an emerging population that commonly requires long-term supportive services. A growing body of evidence has highlighted that these children and their families experience significant challenges. Many of these challenges involve ethical concerns that have been under-recognized. In this article, we (a) outline ethical concerns that arise in clinical practice with children with complex health care needs and their families (e.g.: exclusion of children's voices in discussions and decisions that affect them; difficulties in defining their best interests; clashes across the array of social roles that parents manage; limited recognition of the ethical significance of parents' and other family members' interests) and (b) propose a relational ethics framework for addressing these concerns...
November 21, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157835/corrigendum-to-intergenerational-transmission-of-enhanced-seizure-susceptibility-after-febrile-seizures-ebiomedicine-17-2017-206-215
#2
Dengchang Wu, Bo Feng, Yunjian Dai, Xiaohua Wu, Bin Chen, Cenglin Xu, Yangshun Tang, Kang Wang, Shihong Zhang, ShuangWang, Benyan Luo, Zhong Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154587/attentional-avoidance-of-emotional-stimuli-in-postpartum-women-with-childhood-history-of-maltreatment-and-difficulties-with-emotion-regulation
#3
Gillian England-Mason, Jennifer Khoury, Leslie Atkinson, Geoffrey B Hall, Andrea Gonzalez
Child abuse and neglect can lead to difficulties regulating responses to threatening and emotional situations. Exposure to childhood maltreatment has been linked to conflicting findings of both attention biases toward and away from threat-related information. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether emotion regulation moderated the association between history of childhood maltreatment and attention bias in a sample of postpartum women. One hundred forty women participated in the study at 7 months postpartum...
November 20, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128396/family-meals-then-and-now-a-qualitative-investigation-of-intergenerational-transmission-of-family-meal-practices-in-a-racially-ethnically-diverse-and-immigrant-population
#4
Amanda C Trofholz, Mai See Thao, Mia Donley, Mireya Smith, Hassan Isaac, Jerica M Berge
Having frequent family meals has consistently been associated with better health outcomes in children/adolescents. It is important to identify how intergenerational transmission of family meal practices occurs to help families benefit from family meals. Limited studies exist that explore the intergenerational transmission of family meal practices, particularly among racially/ethnically diverse and immigrant populations. This study explores how parents describe differences and similarities between meals then and now, the lessons they learned as children about family meals, and the lessons they pass onto their children, the challenges of carrying out family meals, and how families handle the barriers/challenges to intergenerational transmission of family meal practices...
November 8, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120666/like-grandparents-like-parents-empirical-evidence-and-psychoanalytic-thinking-on-the-transmission-of-parenting-styles
#5
Pietro De Carli, Angela Tagini, Diego Sarracino, Alessandra Santona, Valentina Bonalda, Paola Elena Cesari, Laura Parolin
The authors discuss the issue of intergenerational transmission of parenting from an empirical and psychoanalytic perspective. After presenting a framework to explain their conception of parenting, they describe intergenerational transmission of parenting as a key to interpreting and eventually changing parenting behaviors. Then they present (1) the empirical approach aimed at determining if there is actually a stability across generations that contributes to harsh parenting and eventually maltreatment and (2) the psychoanalytic thinking that seeks to explain the continuity in terms of representations and clinical phenomena...
November 9, 2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120194/effect-of-maternal-borderline-personality-disorder-on-adolescents-experience-of-maltreatment-and-adolescent-borderline-features
#6
Gretchen Kurdziel, Stephanie Kors, Jenny Macfie
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe and chronic mental illness. Self-reported borderline features correlate highly with a diagnosis (affective instability, negative relationships, unstable sense of self, self-harm). Etiological factors of BPD include childhood maltreatment. The current study compared the experience of maltreatment in adolescent offspring of mothers with BPD, who are themselves at risk of developing the disorder, with that of offspring of mothers with no current diagnosis. Participants were 56 adolescents aged 14 to 18 years...
November 9, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108589/the-lasting-effect-of-intergenerational-wealth-transfers-human-capital-family-formation-and-wealth
#7
Richard A Benton, Lisa A Keister
Recent evidence indicates that inheritances and other intergenerational wealth transfers have only a limited effect on wealth inequality and the intergenerational transmission of financial well-being. In this study, we explore the role that human capital and family formation play in mediating the relationship between receiving a transfer and building wealth. We examine how educational attainment and family formation determine whether or not households are able to convert inheritances into greater assets, facilitating improved wealth accumulation...
November 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103876/intergenerational-transmission-of-gene-regulatory-information-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#8
REVIEW
Olga Minkina, Craig P Hunter
Epigenetic mechanisms can stably maintain gene expression states even after the initiating conditions have changed. Often epigenetic information is transmitted only to daughter cells, but evidence is emerging, in both vertebrate and invertebrate systems, for transgenerational epigenetic inheritance (TEI), the transmission of epigenetic gene regulatory information across generations. Each new description of TEI helps uncover the properties, molecular mechanisms and biological roles for TEI. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has been particularly instrumental in the effort to understand TEI, as multiple environmental and genetic triggers can initiate an epigenetic signal that can alter the expression of both transgenes and endogenous loci...
November 2, 2017: Trends in Genetics: TIG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094971/longitudinal-relations-among-mexican-origin-mothers-cultural-characteristics-cultural-socialization-and-5-year-old-children-s-ethnic-racial-identification
#9
Chelsea L Derlan, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Kimberly A Updegraff, Laudan B Jahromi
The current longitudinal study examined the intergenerational transmission of ethnic-racial identity/identification and cultural orientation among Mexican-origin adolescent young mothers and their children (N = 161 dyads). Findings indicated that mothers' ethnic-racial identity and their cultural involvement were significantly associated with children's ethnic-racial identification via mothers' cultural socialization; however, associations varied significantly by children's gender and skin tone. For example, mothers' ethnic-racial centrality was positively associated with cultural socialization efforts among mothers with sons (regardless of skin tone); but with daughters, a positive association only emerged among those with lighter skin tones...
November 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092624/intergenerational-transmission-of-trauma-maternal-trauma-related-cognitions-and-toddler-symptoms
#10
Rebecca L Babcock Fenerci, Anne P DePrince
The purpose of this study was to elucidate possible cognitive mechanisms involved in the intergenerational transmission of trauma from maltreatment-survivor mothers to their toddler/preschool-aged children. This study investigated whether maternal trauma-related cognitions-posttrauma appraisals and disorganized memory for maltreatment-were associated with higher levels of toddler internalizing and externalizing symptoms and more dysfunction in the mother-child relationship. A community sample of mothers with histories of maltreatment and a child between the ages of 2 and 5 years was recruited for a study on maternal attachment, coping, and health ( N = 113)...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081562/the-influence-of-parental-educational-attainment-on-the-partnership-context-at-first-birth-in-16-western-societies
#11
Judith C Koops, Aart C Liefbroer, Anne H Gauthier
In the US, growing up with parents with a low socio-economic status (SES) has been shown to increase the chance of having a birth outside marriage. However, less is known about the influence of parental SES in other Western countries. The current paper examines the association between parental educational attainment with the partnership context at first birth in 16 European and North American countries, by differentiating births within marriage, within cohabitation, or while being single. Moreover, we test whether the association between parental education and partnership context at childbirth changes over cohorts and whether its influence changes when controlling for own educational attainment...
2017: European Journal of Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058932/intergenerational-continuity-in-high-conflict-family-environments-investigating-a-mediating-depressive-pathway
#12
W Andrew Rothenberg, Andrea M Hussong, Laurie Chassin
Emerging evidence suggests that family conflict shows continuity across generations and that intergenerational family conflict can be more intense and deleterious than conflict experienced in a single generation. However, few investigations have identified etiological mechanisms by which family conflict is perpetuated across generations. Addressing this limitation, we sampled 246 families from a multigenerational, high-risk, longitudinal study of parents (G1s) and their children (G2s), followed from adolescence to adulthood as well as the children (G3s) of G2 targets...
October 23, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037275/intergenerational-transmission-of-family-meal-patterns-from-adolescence-to-parenthood-longitudinal-associations-with-parents-dietary-intake-weight-related-behaviours-and-psychosocial-well-being
#13
Jerica M Berge, Jonathan Miller, Allison Watts, Nicole Larson, Katie A Loth, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined longitudinal associations between four family meal patterns (i.e. never had regular family meals, started having regular family meals, stopped having regular family meals, maintained having regular family meals) and young adult parents' dietary intake, weight-related behaviours and psychosocial well-being. In addition, family meal patterns of parents were compared with those of non-parents. DESIGN: Analysis of data from the longitudinal Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Adolescents and Young Adults) study...
October 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035711/childhood-adversity-social-support-and-telomere-length-among-perinatal-women
#14
Amanda M Mitchell, Jennifer M Kowalsky, Elissa S Epel, Jue Lin, Lisa M Christian
Adverse perinatal health outcomes are heightened among women with psychosocial risk factors, including childhood adversity and a lack of social support. Biological aging could be one pathway by which such outcomes occur. However, data examining links between psychosocial factors and indicators of biological aging among perinatal women are limited. The current study examined the associations of childhood socioeconomic status (SES), childhood trauma, and current social support with telomere length in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in a sample of 81 women assessed in early, mid, and late pregnancy as well as 7-11 weeks postpartum...
October 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035692/the-development-of-chronic-physical-aggression-a-bio-psycho-social-model-for-the-next-generation-of-preventive-interventions
#15
Richard E Tremblay, Frank Vitaro, Sylvana M Côté
This review describes a bio-psycho-social approach to understanding and preventing the development of chronic physical aggression. The debate on the developmental origins of aggression has historically opposed genetic and environmental mechanisms. Recent studies have shown that the frequency of physical aggression peaks in early childhood and then decreases until old age. Molecular genetic studies and twin studies have confirmed important genetic influences. However, recent epigenetic studies have highlighted the important role of environments in gene expression and brain development...
October 16, 2017: Annual Review of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034784/religious-affiliation-at-time-of-death-global-estimates-and-projections
#16
Vegard Skirbekk, Megan Todd, Marcin Stonawski
AIMS: Religious affiliation influences societal practices regarding death and dying, including palliative care, religiously acceptable health service procedures, funeral rites and beliefs about an afterlife. We aimed to estimate and project religious affiliation at the time of death globally, as this information has been lacking. METHODS: We compiled data on demographic information and religious affiliation from more than 2500 surveys, registers and censuses covering 198 nations/territories...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028536/attitudes-mediate-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-corporal-punishment-in-china
#17
Fang Wang, Meifang Wang, Xiaopei Xing
This research aimed to examine the intergenerational transmission of corporal punishment and the role of parents' attitudes toward corporal punishment in the transmission processes in Chinese societies. Based on social-cognitive theory, it was hypothesized that parents' attitudes toward corporal punishment would mediate the transmission of corporal punishment. Seven hundred and eighty-five fathers and eight hundred and eleven mothers with elementary school-age children (data collected in winter 2009) were recruited through convenience sampling techniques...
October 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027660/maternal-emotion-dysregulation-parenting-stress-and-child-physiological-anxiety-during-dark-enhanced-startle
#18
Minhnguyen Cao, Abigail Powers, Dorthie Cross, Bekh Bradley, Tanja Jovanovic
Maternal emotion dysregulation (ED) plays a crucial role in the development of psychopathology in children. The current study aimed to investigate parenting stress as a mediator of the relationship between maternal emotion dysregulation and child startle potentiation, with child sex as a moderator. Mothers were interviewed to obtain self-report of maternal ED and parenting stress and child's dark-enhanced startle (DES) response was measured using electromyographic recordings of the eye-blink muscle during the delivery of acoustic probes...
December 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018393/intergenerational-transmission-of-resilience-sense-of-coherence-is-associated-between-lithuanian-survivors-of-political-violence-and-their-adult-offspring
#19
Evaldas Kazlauskas, Danute Gailiene, Ieva Vaskeliene, Monika Skeryte-Kazlauskiene
Little is known about intergeneration effects on mental health in the families of survivors of political oppression of communist regime in Central and Eastern Europe. We aimed to explore post-traumatic stress in the second generation of the Lithuanian survivors of political violence, and analyze links between parental and adult offsprings' sense of coherence in the families exposed to political violence during the oppressive communist regime in Lithuania. A total of 110 matched pairs of communist regime political violence survivors (mean age = 73...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985033/associations-of-maternal-weight-status-before-during-and-after-pregnancy-with-inflammatory-markers-in-breast-milk
#20
Kara M Whitaker, Regina C Marino, Jacob L Haapala, Laurie Foster, Katy D Smith, April M Teague, David R Jacobs, Patricia L Fontaine, Patricia M McGovern, Tonya C Schoenfuss, Lisa Harnack, David A Fields, Ellen W Demerath
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to examine the associations of maternal weight status before, during, and after pregnancy with breast milk C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin 6 (IL-6), two bioactive markers of inflammation, measured at 1 and 3 months post partum. METHODS: Participants were 134 exclusively breastfeeding mother-infant dyads taking part in the Mothers and Infants Linked for Health (MILK) study, who provided breast milk samples. Pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) were assessed by chart abstraction; postpartum weight loss was measured at the 1- and 3-month study visits...
October 6, 2017: Obesity
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