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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221175/trpm8-is-required-for-survival-and-radioresistance-of-glioblastoma-cells
#1
Dominik Klumpp, Stephanie C Frank, Lukas Klumpp, Efe C Sezgin, Marita Eckert, Lena Edalat, Martin Bastmeyer, Daniel Zips, Peter Ruth, Stephan M Huber
TRPM8 is a Ca2+-permeable nonselective cation channel belonging to the melastatin sub-group of the transient receptor potential (TRP) family. TRPM8 is aberrantly overexpressed in a variety of tumor entities including glioblastoma multiforme where it reportedly contributes to tumor invasion. The present study aimed to disclose further functions of TRPM8 in glioma biology in particular upon cell injury by ionizing radiation. To this end, TCGA data base was queried to expose the TRPM8 mRNA abundance in human glioblastoma specimens and immunoblotting was performed to analyze the TRPM8 protein abundance in primary cultures of human glioblastoma...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218394/modulation-of-sphingosine-1-phosphate-s1p-attenuates-spatial-learning-and-memory-impairments-in-the-valproic-acid-rat-model-of-autism
#2
Hongmei Wu, Quanzhi Zhang, Jingquan Gao, Caihong Sun, Jia Wang, Wei Xia, Yonggang Cao, Yanqiu Hao, Lijie Wu
RATIONALE: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a set of pervasive neurodevelopmental disorders that manifest in early childhood, and it is growing up to be a major cause of disability in children. However, the etiology and treatment of ASD are not well understood. In our previous study, we found that serum levels of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) were increased significantly in children with autism, indicating that S1P levels may be involved in ASD. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify a link between increased levels of S1P and neurobehavioral changes in autism...
December 7, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217195/calmodulin-dependent-protein-kinase-ii-camkii-mediates-radiation-induced-mitochondrial-fission-by-regulating-the-phosphorylation-of-dynamin-related-protein-1-drp1-at-serine-616
#3
Tomoki Bo, Tohru Yamamori, Motofumi Suzuki, Yuri Sakai, Kumiko Yamamoto, Osamu Inanami
Mitochondrial dynamics are suggested to be indispensable for the maintenance of cellular quality and function in response to various stresses. While ionizing radiation (IR) stimulates mitochondrial fission, which is mediated by the mitochondrial fission protein, dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), it remains unclear how IR promotes Drp1 activation and subsequent mitochondrial fission. Therefore, we conducted this study to investigate these concerns. First, we found that X-irradiation triggered Drp1 phosphorylation at serine 616 (S616) but not at serine 637 (S637)...
December 4, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210177/mitochondrial-fission-promotes-cell-migration-by-ca2-camkii-erk-fak-pathway-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#4
Xiacheng Sun, Haiyan Cao, Lei Zhan, Chun Yin, Gang Wang, Ping Liang, Jibin Li, Zhe Wang, Bingrong Liu, Qichao Huang, Jinliang Xing
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Mitochondrial dynamics of fission and fusion plays critical roles in a diverse range of important cellular functions, and its deregulation has been increasingly implicated in human diseases. Previous studies have shown that increased mitochondrial fission significantly promoted the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. However, how they influence the migration of tumor cells remained largely unknown. METHODS: In the present study, we further investigated the effect of mitochondrial fission on the migration and metastasis of HCC cells...
December 6, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207633/camkii-is-involved-in-subcellular-ca2-redistribution-induced-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-leading-to-apoptosis-in-primary-cultures-of-rat-proximal-tubular-cells-exposed-to-lead
#5
Min-Ge Wang, Wen-Hui Li, Xin-Yu Wang, Du-Bao Yang, Zhen-Yong Wang, Lin Wang
Lead (Pb) is a known nephrotoxic element. Recently we have proved that subcellular Ca2+ redistribution is involved in Pb-induced apoptosis in primary cultures of rat proximal tubular (rPT) cells, but the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. Firstly, data showed that Pb triggers endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response in rPT cells, as evidenced by the elevations of ER stress markers. Moreover, pharmacological modulation of Ca2+ mobilization in ER and cytoplasm with three chemicals (2-APB or TG or BAPTA-AM) can effectively increase or decrease the protein expression of ER stress markers in Pb-exposed rPT cells, demonstrating that Pb-induced ER stress is Ca2+-dependent...
October 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204954/chronic-fluoxetine-induces-activity-changes-in-recovery-from-poststroke-anxiety-depression-and-cognitive-impairment
#6
Faranak Vahid-Ansari, Paul R Albert
Poststroke depression (PSD) is a common outcome of stroke that limits recovery and is only partially responsive to chronic antidepressant treatment. In order to elucidate changes in the cortical-limbic circuitry associated with PSD and its treatment, we examined a novel mouse model of persistent PSD. Focal endothelin-1-induced ischemia of the left medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in male C57BL6 mice resulted in a chronic anxiety and depression phenotype. Here, we show severe cognitive impairment in spatial learning and memory in the stroke mice...
December 4, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204298/treadmill-exercise-improves-motor-dysfunction-and-hyperactivity-of-the-corticostriatal-glutamatergic-pathway-in-rats-with-6-ohda-induced-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Wei Chen, Decai Qiao, Xiaoli Liu, Kaixuan Shi
Hyperactivity in the corticostriatal glutamatergic pathway (CGP) induces basal ganglia dysfunction, contributing to parkinsonian syndrome (PS). Physical exercise can improve PS. However, the effect of exercise on the CGP, and whether this pathway is involved in the improvement of PS, remains unclear. Parkinson's disease (PD) was induced in rats by 6-hydroxydopamine injection into the right medial forebrain bundle. Motor function was assessed using the cylinder test. Striatal neuron (SN) spontaneous and evoked firing activity was recorded, and the expression levels of Cav1...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198059/metabolic-effects-of-physiological-levels-of-caffeine-in-myotubes
#8
Jamie K Schnuck, Lacey M Gould, Hailey A Parry, Michele A Johnson, Nicholas P Gannon, Kyle L Sunderland, Roger A Vaughan
Caffeine has been shown to stimulate multiple major regulators of cell energetics including AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII). Additionally, caffeine induces peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α) and mitochondrial biogenesis. While caffeine enhances oxidative metabolism, experimental concentrations often exceed physiologically attainable concentrations through diet. This work measured the effects of low-level caffeine on cellular metabolism and gene expression in myotubes, as well as the dependence of caffeine's effects on the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta/delta (PPARβ/δ)...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196604/camkii-regulates-the-de-palmitoylation-and-synaptic-removal-of-akap79-150-to-mediate-structural-ltd
#9
Kevin M Woolfrey, Heather O'Leary, Dayton J Goodell, Holly R Robertson, Eric A Horne, Steven J Coultrap, Mark L Dell'Acqua, K Ulrich Bayer
Both long-term potentiation (LTP) and depression (LTD) of excitatory synapse strength require the Ca2+/calmodulin (CaM)-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) and its autonomous activity generated by T286 autophosphorylation. Additionally, LTP and LTD are correlated with dendritic spine enlargement and shrinkage that are accompanied by the synaptic accumulation or removal, respectively, of the AMPA-receptor regulatory scaffold protein A-kinase anchoring protein (AKAP) 79/150. We show here that the spine shrinkage associated with LTD indeed requires synaptic AKAP79/150 removal, which in turn requires CaMKII activity...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187215/criteria-for-identifying-the-molecular-basis-of-the-engram-camkii-pkmzeta
#10
REVIEW
John Lisman
The engram refers to the molecular changes by which a memory is stored in the brain. Substantial evidence suggests that memory involves learning-dependent changes at synapses, a process termed long-term potentiation (LTP). Thus, understanding the storages process that underlies LTP may provide insight into how the engram is stored. LTP involves induction, maintenance (storage), and expression sub-processes; special tests are required to specifically reveal properties of the storage process. The strongest of these is the Erasure test in which a transiently applied agent that attacks a putative storage molecule may lead to persistent erasure of previously induced LTP/memory...
November 29, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187073/elevation-of-intracellular-calcium-and-oxidative-stress-is-involved-in-perfluorononanoic-acid-induced-neurotoxicity
#11
Xuemei Fang, Chao Wu, Hongxia Li, Weifeng Yuan, Xin Wang
Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) is one of the major perfluorinated compounds found in both biological and abiotic samples and has recently been demonstrated to cause neurobehavioral defects in mammals. In this study, pheochromocytoma-12 (PC12) cells were exposed to various doses of PFNA to explore the cytotoxicity of PFNA to neurons and the possible mechanisms underlying these effects. The results showed that exposure to PFNA dose-dependently decreased the viability of PC12 cells and increased the release of lactate dehydrogenase into cell culture media...
January 1, 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186673/disparate-postsynaptic-induction-mechanisms-ultimately-converge-to-drive-the-retrograde-enhancement-of-presynaptic-efficacy
#12
Pragya Goel, Xiling Li, Dion Dickman
Retrograde signaling systems are fundamental modes of communication synapses utilize to dynamically and adaptively modulate activity. However, the inductive mechanisms that gate retrograde communication in the postsynaptic compartment remain enigmatic. We have investigated retrograde signaling at the Drosophila neuromuscular junction, where three seemingly disparate perturbations to the postsynaptic cell trigger a similar enhancement in presynaptic neurotransmitter release. We show that the same presynaptic genetic machinery and enhancements in active zone structure are utilized by each inductive pathway...
November 28, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184507/kir2-1-nav1-5-channel-complexes-are-differently-regulated-than-kir2-1-and-nav1-5-channels-alone
#13
Raquel G Utrilla, Paloma Nieto-Marín, Silvia Alfayate, David Tinaquero, Marcos Matamoros, Marta Pérez-Hernández, Sandra Sacristán, Lorena Ondo, Raquel de Andrés, F Javier Díez-Guerra, Juan Tamargo, Eva Delpón, Ricardo Caballero
Cardiac Kir2.1 and Nav1.5 channels generate the inward rectifier K+ (IK1) and the Na+ (INa) currents, respectively. There is a mutual interplay between the ventricular INa and IK1 densities, because Nav1.5 and Kir2.1 channels exhibit positive reciprocal modulation. Here we compared some of the biological properties of Nav1.5 and Kir2.1 channels when they are expressed together or separately to get further insights regarding their putative interaction. First we demonstrated by proximity ligation assays (PLAs) that in the membrane of ventricular myocytes Nav1...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184500/camkii-requirement-for-in-vivo-insular-cortex-ltp-maintenance-and-cta-memory-persistence
#14
Yectivani Juárez-Muñoz, Laura E Ramos-Languren, Martha L Escobar
Calcium-calmodulin/dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) plays an essential role in LTP induction, but since it has the capacity to remain persistently activated even after the decay of external stimuli it has been proposed that it can also be necessary for LTP maintenance and therefore for memory persistence. It has been shown that basolateral amygdaloid nucleus (Bla) stimulation induces long-term potentiation (LTP) in the insular cortex (IC), a neocortical region implicated in the acquisition and retention of conditioned taste aversion (CTA)...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176553/notoginsenoside-r1-alleviates-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-reoxygenation-injury-by-suppressing-endoplasmic-reticulum-calcium-release-via-plc
#15
Yan Wang, Liu Tu, Yingbo Li, Di Chen, Zhao Liu, Xuelian Hu, Shali Wang
As documented in our previous study, notoginsenoside R1 (NGR1) can inhibit neuron apoptosis and the expression of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-associated pro-apoptotic proteins in hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Recent evidence indicates that the Phospholipase C (PLC)/inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) is important for the regulation of Ca2+ release in the ER. Ca2+ imbalance can stimulate ER stress, CAMKII, and cell apoptosis. The purpose of this study was to further investigate the neuroprotective effect of NGR1 and elucidate how NGR1 regulates ER stress and cell apoptosis in the oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) model...
November 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173480/changed-expressions-of-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptors-in-the-brains-of-rats-and-primary-neurons-exposed-to-high-level-of-fluoride
#16
Na Wei, Yang-Ting Dong, Jie Deng, Ya Wang, Xiao-Lan Qi, Wen-Feng Yu, Yan Xiao, Jian-Jiang Zhou, Zhi-Zhong Guan
Expressions of N-methyl-d-aspartic acid receptors (NMDARs) in the brains of rats and primary neurons exposed to high fluoride were investigated. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided randomly into a fluorosis group (50ppm fluoride in the drinking water for 6 months) and controls (<0.5ppm fluoride) and the offspring from these rats sacrificed on postnatal days 1, 7, 14, 21 and 28. The primary cultured neurons from the hippocampus of neonatal rats were treated with 5 and 50ppm fluoride for 48h. NMDAR subunits at protein or mRNA levels were quantified by Western blotting or real-time PCR...
January 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163022/the-insula-and-taste-learning
#17
REVIEW
Adonis Yiannakas, Kobi Rosenblum
The sense of taste is a key component of the sensory machinery, enabling the evaluation of both the safety as well as forming associations regarding the nutritional value of ingestible substances. Indicative of the salience of the modality, taste conditioning can be achieved in rodents upon a single pairing of a tastant with a chemical stimulus inducing malaise. This robust associative learning paradigm has been heavily linked with activity within the insular cortex (IC), among other regions, such as the amygdala and medial prefrontal cortex...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162742/microtubules-tune-mechanotransduction-through-nox2-and-trpv4-to-decrease-sclerostin-abundance-in-osteocytes
#18
James S Lyons, Humberto C Joca, Robert A Law, Katrina M Williams, Jaclyn P Kerr, Guoli Shi, Ramzi J Khairallah, Stuart S Martin, Konstantinos Konstantopoulos, Christopher W Ward, Joseph P Stains
The adaptation of the skeleton to its mechanical environment is orchestrated by mechanosensitive osteocytes, largely by regulating the abundance of sclerostin, a secreted inhibitor of bone formation. We defined a microtubule-dependent mechanotransduction pathway that linked fluid shear stress to reactive oxygen species (ROS) and calcium (Ca(2+)) signals that led to a reduction in sclerostin abundance in cultured osteocytes. We demonstrated that microtubules stabilized by detyrosination, a reversible posttranslational modification of polymerized α-tubulin, determined the stiffness of the cytoskeleton, which set the mechanoresponsive range of cultured osteocytes to fluid shear stress...
November 21, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155306/reverse-t3-interacts-with-%C3%AE-v%C3%AE-3-integrin-receptor-and-restores-enzyme-activities-in-the-hippocampus-of-hypothyroid-developing-rats-insight-on-signaling-mechanisms
#19
Juliana Tonietto Domingues, Daiane Cattani, Patricia Acordi Cesconetto, Bianka Alzira Nascimento de Almeida, Paula Peirozan, Guilherme Razzera, Fátima Regina Mena Barreto Silva, Regina Pessoa-Pureur, Ariane Zamoner
In the present study we provide evidence that 3,3',5'-triiodothyronine (reverse T3, rT3) restores neurochemical parameters induced by congenital hypothyroidism in rat hippocampus. Congenital hypothyroidism was induced by adding 0.05% propylthiouracil in the drinking water from gestation day 8 and continually up to lactation day 15. In the in vivo rT3 exposure, hypothyroid 12-day old pups were daily injected with rT3 (50 ng/kg body weight) or saline until day 14. In the ex vivo rT3 treatment, hippocampal slices from 15-day-old hypothyroid pups were incubated for 30 min with or without rT3 (1 nM)...
November 16, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155092/effects-of-medial-prefrontal-cortex-5-ht7-receptor-knockdown-on-cognitive-control-after-acute-heroin-administration
#20
Huijun Zhong, Jie Dang, Zhenghao Huo, Zhanbing Ma, Jing Chen, Yong Huang, Yongsheng Zhu, Min Li
Heroin abuse is linked to a deleterious effect on cognitive functioning in the individual. Recent evidences suggest that the serotonin7 receptor (5-HT7R) is engaged in the regulation of cognitive control and the drug use-associated behaviors. However, the role of 5-HT7R in the cognitive control after acute heroin administration has not been studied. The present study aims to investigate whether the knockdown of the 5-HT7R by virus-mediated gene silencing in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) could ameliorate the acute heroin-induced cognitive impairments...
November 16, 2017: Brain Research
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