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Geeske M van Woerden, Freek E Hoebeek, Zhenyu Gao, Raghavendra Y Nagaraja, Casper C Hoogenraad, Steven A Kushner, Christian Hansel, Chris I De Zeeuw, Ype Elgersma
We found that betaCaMKII, the predominant CaMKII isoform of the cerebellum, is important for controlling the direction of plasticity at the parallel fiber-Purkinje cell synapse; a protocol that induced synaptic depression in wild-type mice resulted in synaptic potentiation in Camk2b knockout mice and vice versa. These findings provide us with unique experimental insight into the mechanisms that transduce graded calcium signals into either synaptic depression or potentiation.
July 2009: Nature Neuroscience
Hugo Sanabria, Matthew T Swulius, Steven J Kolodziej, Jun Liu, M Neal Waxham
Ca(2+)-Calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) is an abundant synaptic protein that was recently shown to regulate the organization of actin filaments leading to structural modifications of synapses. CaMKII is a dodecameric complex with a special architecture that provides it with unique potential for organizing the actin cytoskeleton. We report using biochemical assays that the beta isoform of CaMKII binds to and bundles actin filaments, and the disposition of betaCaMKII within the actin bundles was revealed by cryoelectron tomography...
April 10, 2009: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Eric Leininger, Andrei B Belousov
Previous studies indicated that a long-term decrease in the activity of ionotropic glutamate receptors induces cholinergic activity in rat and mouse hypothalamic neuronal cultures. Here we studied whether a prolonged inactivation of ionotropic glutamate receptors also induces cholinergic activity in hippocampal neurons. Receptor activity was chronically suppressed in rat hippocampal primary neuronal cultures with two proportionally increasing sets of concentrations of NMDA plus non-NMDA receptor antagonists: 100 microM/10 microM AP5/CNQX (1X cultures) and 200 microM/20 microM AP5/CNQX (2X cultures)...
January 28, 2009: Brain Research
Min H Cho, Xiaohua Cao, Deheng Wang, Joe Z Tsien
Although the functions of alpha-Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaMKII) have been studied extensively, the role of betaCaMKII, a coconstituent of the CaMKII holoenzyme in synaptic plasticity, learning, and memory has not been examined in vivo. Here we produce a transgenic mouse line in which the inducible and reversible manipulation of betaCaMKII activity is restricted to the hippocampal dentate gyrus, the region where long-term potentiation was originally discovered. We demonstrate that betaCaMKII activity in the dentate gyrus selectively impaired long-term potentiation in the dentate perforant path, but not in the CA1 Schaffer collateral pathway...
October 9, 2007: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Felice Iasevoli, Daniela Polese, Alberto Ambesi-Impiombato, Giovanni Muscettola, Andrea de Bartolomeis
Systemic administration of ketamine, a non-competitive antagonist of the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDA-R), produces a condition of NMDA-R hypofunction, which is considered one of the putative molecular mechanisms involved in psychosis. In this study, we evaluated the effect of ketamine on glutamatergic markers of the postsynaptic density (PSD), a pivotal site for dopamine-glutamate interaction. We assessed gene expression of Homer1a, alpha and betaCaMKII, and dopamine transporter (DAT) by two different doses of ketamine...
April 6, 2007: Neuroscience Letters
Tara C Thiagarajan, Maria Lindskog, Antonio Malgaroli, Richard W Tsien
LTP and other rapidly induced forms of synaptic modification tune individual synaptic weights, whereas slower forms of plasticity such as adaptation to inactivity are thought to keep neurons within their firing limits and preserve their capability for information processing. Here we describe progress in understanding the relationship between LTP and adaptation to inactivity. A prevailing view is that adaptation to inactivity is purely postsynaptic, scales synaptic strength uniformly across all synapses, and thus preserves relative synaptic weights without interfering with signatures of prior LTP or the relative capacity for future LTP...
January 2007: Neuropharmacology
Tara C Thiagarajan, Erika S Piedras-Renteria, Richard W Tsien
We show that alpha and betaCaMKII are inversely regulated by activity in hippocampal neurons in culture: the alpha/beta ratio shifts toward alpha during increased activity and beta during decreased activity. The swing in ratio is approximately 5-fold and may help tune the CaMKII holoenzyme to changing intensities of Ca(2+) signaling. The regulation of CaMKII levels uses distinguishable pathways, one responsive to NMDA receptor blockade that controls alphaCaMKII alone, the other responsive to AMPA receptor blockade and involving betaCaMKII and possibly further downstream effects of betaCaMKII on alphaCaMKII...
December 19, 2002: Neuron
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