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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195985/prosthetic-joint-infections-in-patients-undergoing-carpal-tunnel-release
#1
Wenjing Zeng, Deborah Paul, Thomas Kemp, John Elfar
INTRODUCTION: Little information is available regarding the rate of prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) in patients undergoing carpal tunnel release (CTR) without antibiotic prophylaxis. Hand surgeons should be aware of patients' history of arthroplasty. METHODS: All patients who underwent CTR at our institution between 2012 and 2014 were identified and their charts were reviewed to identify those who had a history of total hip, knee, and/or shoulder arthroplasty...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182821/intrawound-vancomycin-powder-reduces-early-prosthetic-joint-infections-in-revision-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#2
Jeffrey E Otte, Joel R Politi, Bryan Chambers, Craig A Smith
Intrawound vancomycin powder has shown efficacy and safety in decreasing postoperative spine infections, but its use in arthroplasty has not been well established. The purpose of this study was to compare the rate of early prosthetic joint infections (PJI) with and without the use of intrawound vancomycin powder during joint arthroplasty. A retrospective cohort of all patients who underwent primary or revision hip or knee arthroplasty by two surgeons over a two-year period at a single hospital system was evaluated...
February 7, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165600/early-periprosthetic-joint-infection-and-debridement-antibiotics-and-implant-retention-in-arthroplasty-for-femoral-neck-fracture
#3
Carl Mellner, Thomas Eisler, Björn Knutsson, Sebastian Mukka
INTRODUCTION: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a severe complication of hip arthroplasty for femoral neck fractures (FNF). Debridement, antibiotics and implant retention (DAIR) is recommended in early PJI in association with stable implants. Few studies have evaluated the outcome of DAIR in this fragile population.The purpose of this study was to analyse risk factors for PJI and the short-term outcome of DAIR in FNF patients treated with a hip arthroplasty. METHODS: A consecutive series of 736 patients (median age 81 years, 490 women, 246 men) had been treated with either a total hip arthroplasty or a hemi hip arthroplasty for a displaced FNF at our institution...
January 31, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129484/perioperative-timing-of-infliximab-and-the-risk-of-serious-infection-after-elective-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#4
Michael D George, Joshua F Baker, Jesse Yenchih Hsu, Qufei Wu, Fenglong Xie, Lang Chen, Huifeng Yun, Jeffrey R Curtis
OBJECTIVE: The optimal timing of TNF antagonists before elective surgery is unknown. This study evaluated the association between infliximab timing and serious infection after elective hip or knee arthroplasty. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study evaluated U.S. Medicare patients with rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, or ankylosing spondylitis who received infliximab within 6 months of elective knee or hip arthroplasty from 2007-2013...
January 27, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116262/acetabular-prosthetic-protrusio-after-bipolar-hemi-arthroplasty-of-the-hip-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Jason Bt Lim, Chia Liang Ang, Hee Nee Pang
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar hemi-arthroplasty of the hip is a commonly performed procedure in elderly patients with intra-capsular fracture of the neck of the femur with good short-term results for pain relief, return to activity and morbidity. The incidence of intra-pelvic prosthesis migration or protrusion is rare and one of the inciting factors is chronic low-grade sepsis. Acetabular prosthesis protrusion poses a difficult and challenging surgical problem due to surrounding neurovascular structures...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108745/leukocyte-esterase-as-a-biomarker-in-the-diagnosis-of-periprosthetic-joint-infection
#6
Chi Wang, Rui Li, Qi Wang, Jinyan Duan, Chengbin Wang
BACKGROUND Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) has been one of the most rewarding interventions for treating patients suffering from joint disorders. However, periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a serious complication that frequently accompanies TJA. Our study aimed to investigate the application of the leukocyte esterase (LE) strip in the diagnosis of PJI. MATERIAL AND METHODS From October 2014 to July 2015, 72 patients who had undergone joint puncture after arthroplasty in our hospital were enrolled in this trial...
January 21, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097116/kikuchi-fujimoto-disease-misdiagnosed-as-relapse-of-the-infection-after-treatment-of-periprosthetic-hip-joint-infection
#7
Kyung-Keun Min, Byung-Woo Min, Kyung-Jae Lee, Jung-Hoon Choi
Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) of the hip can be difficult to treat and can lead to a number of problems including: i) severe functional decline of the hip joint and ii) increasing financial burden for patients due to long treatment periods and the need for repeated surgical interventions. Because there is risk of inadequate control of infection or relapse of a preexisting infection following the treatment of PJI through surgery, it is important to closely observe clinical symptoms such as systemic fever...
December 2016: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091766/pre-operative-intra-articular-deep-tissue-sampling-with-novel-retrograde-forceps-improves-the-diagnostics-in-periprosthetic-joint-infection
#8
Matthias D Wimmer, Milena M Ploeger, Max J Friedrich, Thomas Hügle, Sascha Gravius, Thomas M Randau
BACKGROUND: Histopathological tissue analysis is a key parameter within the diagnostic algorithm for suspected periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs), conventionally acquired in open surgery. In 2014, Hügle and co-workers introduced novel retrograde forceps for retrograde synovial biopsy with simultaneous fluid aspiration of the knee joint. We hypothesised that tissue samples acquired by retrograde synovial biopsy are equal to intra-operatively acquired deep representative tissue samples regarding bacterial detection and differentiation of periprosthetic infectious membranes...
January 14, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074774/the-dair-debridement-antibiotics-and-implant-retention-procedure-for-infected-total-knee-replacement-a-literature-review
#9
Sultan Naseer Qasim, Andrew Swann, Robert Ashford
Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a devastating complication in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and third most common cause of revision of TKA with significant morbidity and surgical challenges. Treatment options include non-operative measures with long term antibiotic suppression, debridement and implant retention (DAIR), one- or two-stage revision arthroplasty, arthrodesis and amputation. Implant retention without infection is ideal and DAIR has been reported to have variable success rates depending on patient factors, duration of infection, infecting micro-organisms, choice of procedure, single or multiple debridement procedures, arthroscopic or open, antibiotic choice and duration of antibiotic use...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065627/revision-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasties-after-solid-organ-transplant
#10
Cameron K Ledford, Joseph M Statz, Brian P Chalmers, Kevin I Perry, Arlen D Hanssen, Matthew P Abdel
BACKGROUND: As solid organ transplant (SOT) patients' survival improves, the number undergoing total hip (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is increasing. Accordingly, the number of revision procedures in this higher-risk group is also increasing. The goals of this study were to identify the most common failure mechanisms, associated complications, clinical outcomes, and patient survivorship of SOT patients after revision THA or TKA. METHODS: A retrospective review identified 39 revision procedures (30 revision THAs and 9 revision TKAs) completed in 37 SOT patients between 2000 and 2013...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053259/qualitative-%C3%AE-defensin-test-synovasure-for-the-diagnosis-of-periprosthetic-infection-in-revision-total-joint-arthroplasty
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
I K Sigmund, J Holinka, J Gamper, K Staats, C Böhler, B Kubista, R Windhager
AIMS: The diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains demanding due to limitations of all the available diagnostic tests. The synovial fluid marker, α-defensin, is a promising adjunct for the assessment of potential PJI. The purpose of this study was to investigate the qualitative assessment of α-defensin, using Synovasure to detect or exclude periprosthetic infection in total joint arthroplasty. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 50 patients (28 women, 22 men, mean age 65 years; 20 to 89) with a clinical indication for revision arthroplasty who met the inclusion criteria of this prospective diagnostic study...
January 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046049/health-care-needs-and-support-for-patients-undergoing-treatment-for-prosthetic-joint-infection-following-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#12
Setor K Kunutsor, Andrew D Beswick, Tim J Peters, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Michael R Whitehouse, Ashley W Blom, Andrew J Moore
BACKGROUND: Hip and knee arthroplasty are common interventions for the treatment of joint conditions, most notably osteoarthritis. Although many patients benefit from surgery, approximately 1% of patients develop infection afterwards known as deep prosthetic joint infection (PJI), which often requires further major surgery. OBJECTIVE: To assess support needs of patients undergoing treatment for PJI following hip or knee arthroplasty and to identify and evaluate what interventions are routinely offered to support such patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040397/should-preoperative-antibiotics-be-tailored-according-to-patient-s-comorbidities-and-susceptibility-to-organisms
#13
Timothy L Tan, Miguel M Gomez, Michael M Kheir, Mitchell G Maltenfort, Antonia F Chen
BACKGROUND: Preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis remains one of the most important strategies for preventing periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). Current guidelines recommend giving universal antibiotic prophylaxis to all total joint arthroplasty patients regardless of their medical conditions or immune status; however, no studies have evaluated the individualizing of antibiotics. The aims of this study were (1) to determine if comorbidities influence the organism profile of PJIs, and (2) to investigate if the efficacy of two different perioperative antibiotics (cefazolin or vancomycin) for preventing PJI is affected by patient's comorbidities...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017792/vislisi-trial-a-prospective-clinical-study-allowing-identification-of-a-new-metalloprotease-and-putative-virulence-factor-from-staphylococcus-lugdunensis
#14
Xavier Argemi, Gilles Prévost, Philippe Riegel, Daniel Keller, Nicolas Meyer, Marion Baldeyrou, Nawal Douiri, Nicolas Lefebvre, Kilifa Meghit, Cécile Ronde Oustau, Daniel Christmann, Cianférani Sarah, Jean Marc Strub, Yves Hansmann
OBJECTIVE: Staphylococcus lugdunensis is coagulase-negative Staphylococcus that displays an unusually highvirulence rate close to that of S. aureus. It also shares phenotypic properties with S. aureus and several studies found putative virulence factors. Objective of the study was to describe the clinical manifestations of S. lugdunensis infections and investigate putative virulence factors. METHOD: We conducted a prospective study from November 2013 to March 2016 at the University Hospital of Strasbourg...
December 22, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993444/two-stage-revisions-for-culture-negative-infected-total-knee-arthroplasties-a-five-year-outcome-in-comparison-with-one-stage-and-two-stage-revisions-for-culture-positive-cases
#15
Heng Li, Ming Ni, Xiang Li, Qingmeng Zhang, Xin Li, Jiying Chen
BACKGROUND: Culture-negative periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is very intractable when dealing with an infected total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patient. Two-stage revision has been proved to be a reliable solution for PJI patients. Whether it is still credible for culture-negative infected patients remains uncertain. METHODS: Our group retrospectively reviewed all total knee revision patients from January 2003 to January 2014, 145 PJI patients were diagnosed as infection with the PJI diagnostic criteria and 129 patients were successfully followed...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986623/one-year-incidence-of-prosthetic-joint-infection-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-cohort-study-with-linkage-of-the-danish-hip-arthroplasty-register-and-danish-microbiology-databases
#16
P H Gundtoft, A B Pedersen, H C Schønheyder, J K Møller, S Overgaard
OBJECTIVE: To examine the trend of Prosthetic Joint Infections (PJI) following primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) and the antimicrobial resistance of the bacteria causing these infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified a population-based cohort of patients in the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Register (DHR) who had primary THA and received their surgery in Jutland or Funen between 2005 and 2014. We followed the patients until revision, emigration, death, or up to 1-year of follow-up...
December 13, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986370/effects-of-ethyl-chloride-spray-on-early-recovery-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-study
#17
Wang Rui, Gong Long, Geng Li, Yu Yang, Li Hengjin, Wang Zhenhu
BACKGROUND: Ethyl chloride spray as a common cooling modality has been widely used in acute sports injuries and joint injection procedures. Several clinical studies reported that use of ethyl chloride has positive effects on swelling, pain reduction and recovery from sports injuries. The main aim of present study was to analyze whether postoperative use of ethyl chloride spray benefits results after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: Between April 1, 2014 and October 21, 2015, 306 subjects undergoing primary TKA used ethyl chloride spray for improving recovery from the damage from surgery...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956126/a-bundle-protocol-to-reduce-the-incidence-of-periprosthetic-joint-infections-after-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-single-center-experience
#18
Matthew W Bullock, Matthew L Brown, Daniel N Bracey, Maxwell K Langfitt, John S Shields, Jason E Lang
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) represents a devastating complication of total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Modifiable patient risk factors as well as various intraoperative and postoperative variables have been associated with risk of PJI. In 2011, our institution formulated a "bundle" to optimize patient outcomes after THA and TKA. The purpose of this report is to describe the "bundle" protocol we implemented for primary THA and TKA patients and to analyze its impact on rates of PJI and readmission...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941556/preclinical-evaluation-of-photoacoustic-imaging-as-a-novel-noninvasive-approach-to-detect-an-orthopaedic-implant-infection
#19
Yu Wang, John M Thompson, Alyssa G Ashbaugh, Pavlo Khodakivskyi, Ghyslain Budin, Riccardo Sinisi, Andrew Heinmiller, Marleen van Oosten, Jan Maarten van Dijl, Gooitzen M van Dam, Kevin P Francis, Nicholas M Bernthal, Elena A Dubikovskaya, Lloyd S Miller
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosing prosthetic joint infection (PJI) poses significant challenges, and current modalities are fraught with low sensitivity and/or potential morbidity. Photoacoustic imaging (PAI) is a novel ultrasound-based modality with potential for diagnosing PJI safely and noninvasively. MATERIALS: In an established preclinical mouse model of bioluminescent Staphylococcus aureus PJI, fluorescent indocyanine green (ICG) was conjugated to β-cyclodextrin (CDX-ICG) or teicoplanin (Teic-ICG) and injected intravenously for 1 week postoperatively...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925502/implementation-of-an-algorithm-for-prosthetic-joint-infection-deviations-and-problems
#20
Heinrich M L Mühlhofer, Karl-Georg Kanz, Florian Pohlig, Ulrich Lenze, Florian Lenze, Andreas Toepfer, Ruediger von Eisenhart-Rothe, Johannes Schauwecker
BACKGROUND: The outcome of revision surgery in arthroplasty is based on a precise diagnosis. In addition, the treatment varies based on whether the prosthetic failure is caused by aseptic or septic loosening. Algorithms can help to identify periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) and standardize diagnostic steps, however, algorithms tend to oversimplify the treatment of complex cases. We conducted a process analysis during the implementation of a PJI algorithm to determine problems and deviations associated with the implementation of this algorithm...
February 2017: Surgical Infections
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