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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214338/sciatic-neuropathy-due-to-popliteal-fossa-nerve-block
#1
Adam Aubuchon, W David Arnold, Anna Bracewell, J Chad Hoyle
INTRODUCTION: Sciatic neuropathy following popliteal nerve block (PNB) for regional anesthesia is considered uncommon but has been increasingly recognized in the literature. We identified a case of sciatic neuropathy that occurred after bunionectomy during which a PNB had been performed. METHODS: To understand the frequency of PNB-related sciatic neuropathy we performed a retrospective review of sciatic neuropathies at our center over a five year period. RESULTS: Forty-five cases of sciatic neuropathy were reviewed...
February 18, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213993/healthcare-resources-and-needs-in-anticoagulant-therapy-for-patients-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-samoa-study
#2
V Barrios, M I Egocheaga-Cabello, J Gállego-Culleré, E Ignacio-García, L Manzano-Espinosa, A Martín-Martínez, J Mateo-Arranz, J Polo-García, D Vargas-Ortega
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: To determine, in the various medical specialties, the healthcare process for anticoagulated patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, to determine the available and necessary resources and to identify potential areas of improvement in the care of these patients. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey of primary care and specialised physicians involved in the care of anticoagulated patients. The questionnaires referred to the healthcare process, the indication and prescription of anticoagulant therapy and the barriers and deficiencies present for these patients...
February 14, 2017: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213991/the-value-of-workforce-data-in-shaping-nursing-workforce-policy-a-case-study-from-north-carolina
#3
Erin P Fraher
BACKGROUND: In 2015, the Institute of Medicine's Committee for Assessing Progress on Implementing the Future of Nursing recommendations noted that little progress has been made in building the data infrastructure needed to support nursing workforce policy. PURPOSE: This article outlines a case study from North Carolina to demonstrate the value of collecting, analyzing, and disseminating state-level workforce data. METHODS: Data were derived from licensure renewal information gathered by the North Carolina Board of Nursing and housed at the North Carolina Health Professions Data System at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill...
November 1, 2016: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213908/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-lacosamide-versus-sodium-valproate-in-status-epilepticus
#4
Usha K Misra, Deepanshu Dubey, Jayantee Kalita
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of lacosamide (LCM) and sodium valproate (SVA) in lorazepam (LOR)-resistant status epilepticus (SE). METHODS: Patients with LOR-resistant SE were randomized to intravenous LCM 400 mg at a rate of 60 mg/kg/min or SVA 30 mg/kg at a rate of 100 mg/min. The SE severity score (STESS), duration of SE and its etiology, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings were noted. Primary outcome was seizure cessation for 1 h, and secondary outcomes were 24 h seizure remission, in hospital death and severe adverse events (SAEs)...
February 18, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213843/effect-of-biofeedback-therapy-on-anorectal-physiological-parameters-among-patients-with-fecal-evacuation-disorder
#5
Abhai Verma, Asha Misra, Uday C Ghoshal
BACKGROUND: Though biofeedback therapy is often effective in patients with fecal evacuation disorder (FED), a common cause of chronic constipation (CC) in tertiary practice, data on anorectal physiological parameters following it are scanty. METHODS: Consecutive patients with FED with CC diagnosed by abnormalities in at least two of the three tests (anorectal manometry, defecography, and balloon expulsion test [BET]) undergoing biofeedback (two sessions per day, 30 min each, for 2 weeks) during a 3-year period were analyzed...
February 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213829/onabotulinumtoxina-effectiveness-on-chronic-migraine-negative-emotional-states-and-sleep-quality-a-single-center-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Elif Ilgaz Aydinlar, Pinar Yalinay Dikmen, Seda Kosak, Ayse Sagduyu Kocaman
BACKGROUND: OnabotulinumtoxinA (OnabotA) is considered effective in in patients with chronic migraine (CM) who failed on traditional therapies. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of OnabotA injection series on migraine outcome, negative emotional states and sleep quality in patients with CM. METHODS: A total of 190 patients with CM (mean (SD) age: 39.3 (10.2) years; 87.9% were female) were included. Data on Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), headache frequency and severity, number of analgesics used, Migraine Disability Assessment Scale...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213799/the-hybrid-technique-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-treatment-apical-sling-and-subfascial-colporrhaphy
#7
Dmitry Shkarupa, Nikita Kubin, Alexey Pisarev, Anastasiya Zaytseva, Ekaterina Shapovalova
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The majority of patients with cystocele undergoing reconstructive surgery have combined defects of pubocervical fascia and uterosacral/cardinal ligament complex. In this regard, the simultaneous correction of both defects is rational. Furthermore, decreasing the use of synthetic materials in pelvic floor surgery is an important goal. The aim was to evaluate the objective and subjective cure rate of a hybrid technique: bilateral sacrospinous fixation using modern monofilament synthetic tape (apical sling) combined with the original technique of subfascial colporrhaphy...
February 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213746/browser-s-notes
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 18, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213694/erratum-to-first-clinical-results-of-minimally-invasive-vector-lumbar-interbody-fusion-mis-vlif-in-spondylodiscitis-and-concomitant-osteoporosis-a-technical-note
#9
Bernhard Rieger, Hongzhen Jiang, Daniel Ruess, Clemens Reinshagen, Marek Molcanyi, Jozef Zivcak, Huaiyu Tong, Gabriele Schackert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213665/neurologic-manifestations-of-vitamin-b-deficiency-after-bariatric-surgery
#10
Suriya Punchai, Zubaidah Nor Hanipah, Katherine M Meister, Philip R Schauer, Stacy A Brethauer, Ali Aminian
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence, clinical presentation, and outcomes of neurologic disorders secondary to vitamin B deficiencies following bariatric surgery. METHODS: Patients at a single academic institution who underwent bariatric surgery and developed neurologic complications secondary to low levels of vitamins B1, B2, B6, and B12 between the years 2004 and 2015 were studied. RESULTS: In total, 47 (0.7%) bariatric surgical patients (Roux-en-Y gastric bypass n = 36, sleeve gastrectomy n = 9, and duodenal switch n = 2) developed neurologic manifestations secondary to vitamin B deficiencies...
February 17, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213609/gut-microbial-profile-is-altered-in-primary-biliary-cholangitis-and-partially-restored-after-udca-therapy
#11
Ruqi Tang, Yiran Wei, Yanmei Li, Weihua Chen, Haoyan Chen, Qixia Wang, Fan Yang, Qi Miao, Xiao Xiao, Haiyan Zhang, Min Lian, Xiang Jiang, Jun Zhang, Qin Cao, Zhuping Fan, Maoying Wu, Dekai Qiu, Jing-Yuan Fang, Aftab Ansari, M Eric Gershwin, Xiong Ma
OBJECTIVE: A close relationship between gut microbiota and some chronic liver disorders has recently been described. Herein, we systematically performed a comparative analysis of the gut microbiome in primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) and healthy controls. DESIGN: We first conducted a cross-sectional study of 60 ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) treatment-naïve patients with PBC and 80 matched healthy controls. Second, an independent cohort composed of 19 treatment-naïve patients and 34 controls was used to validate the results...
February 17, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213602/understanding-the-epidemiology-of-avoidable-significant-harm-in-primary-care-protocol-for-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#12
Brian G Bell, Stephen Campbell, Andrew Carson-Stevens, Huw Prosser Evans, Alison Cooper, Christina Sheehan, Sarah Rodgers, Christine Johnson, Adrian Edwards, Sarah Armstrong, Rajnikant Mehta, Antony Chuter, Ailsa Donnelly, Darren M Ashcroft, Joanne Lymn, Pam Smith, Aziz Sheikh, Matthew Boyd, Anthony J Avery
INTRODUCTION: Most patient safety research has focused on specialist-care settings where there is an appreciation of the frequency and causes of medical errors, and the resulting burden of adverse events. There have, however, been few large-scale robust studies that have investigated the extent and severity of avoidable harm in primary care. To address this, we will conduct a 12-month retrospective cross-sectional study involving case note review of primary care patients. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct electronic searches of general practice (GP) clinical computer systems to identify patients with avoidable significant harm...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213565/anti-tnf-induced-remission-in-very-early-peripheral-spondyloarthritis-the-crespa-study
#13
Philippe Carron, Gaëlle Varkas, Heleen Cypers, Liesbet Van Praet, Dirk Elewaut, Filip Van den Bosch
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of golimumab to induce clinical remission in patients with very early, active peripheral spondyloarthritis (pSpA). METHODS: Clinical REmission in peripheral SPondyloArthritis is a monocentric study of golimumab treatment in patients with pSpA. All patients fulfilled the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society classification criteria for pSpA, with a symptom duration ≤12 weeks. Patients were randomised 2:1 to receive golimumab 50 mg every 4 weeks or matching placebo for 24 weeks...
February 17, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213394/editor-s-note
#14
Colleen M Grogan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213206/selected-aspects-of-prior-and-likelihood-information-for-a-bayesian-classifier-in-a-road-safety-analysis
#15
Marzena Nowakowska
The development of the Bayesian logistic regression model classifying the road accident severity is discussed. The already exploited informative priors (method of moments, maximum likelihood estimation, and two-stage Bayesian updating), along with the original idea of a Boot prior proposal, are investigated when no expert opinion has been available. In addition, two possible approaches to updating the priors, in the form of unbalanced and balanced training data sets, are presented. The obtained logistic Bayesian models are assessed on the basis of a deviance information criterion (DIC), highest probability density (HPD) intervals, and coefficients of variation estimated for the model parameters...
February 14, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213024/sanitizer-efficacy-in-preventing-cross-contamination-of-heads-of-lettuce-during-retail-crisping
#16
Yangjin Jung, Hyein Jang, Mengqi Guo, Jingwen Gao, Karl R Matthews
This study was conducted to provide information regarding mitigation of cross-contamination through the use of sanitizer during crisping at retail outlets. Seven non-inoculated heads and one inoculated head (≈5 log CFU/g) of lettuce were placed into commercial sink filled with 76 L of tap water (TW), electrolyzed water (EW, free chlorine: 43 ± 6 ppm), lactic acid and phosphoric acid-based sanitizer (LPA, pH 2.89), or citric acid-based sanitizer (CA, pH 2.78) and soaked for 5 min. Two subsequent batches (eight non-inoculated heads per batch) were soaked in the same solution...
June 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212989/arthroscopic-suture-repair-of-acute-quadriceps-tendon-ruptures
#17
M Severyns, G Renard, R Guillou, G A Odri, O Labrada-Blanco, J L Rouvillain
Acute quadriceps tendon ruptures disrupt the continuity of the extensor mechanism and must be treated surgically. Tendon reattachment with suture anchors has recently been shown to be biomechanically superior to reattachment through transosseous tunnels. In this context, arthroscopy is an interesting alternative. It can limit postoperative wound healing and infectious complications, while ensuring functional outcomes that are equivalent to standard techniques. The goal of this technical note is to describe an original, reproducible method for arthroscopic reattachment of the quadriceps tendon with suture anchors...
February 14, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212970/note-to-editors
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212878/evaluation-of-macular-vascular-abnormalities-identified-by-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-sickle-cell-disease
#19
Ian C Han, Mongkol Tadarati, Katia D Pacheco, Adrienne W Scott
PURPOSE: To evaluate macular vascular flow abnormalities identified by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) in patients with various sickle cell genotypes. DESIGN: Prospective, observational case series. METHODS: This is a single institution case series of adult patients with various sickle cell genotypes. All patients underwent macular OCT-A (Avanti RTVue XR, Optovue Inc, Fremont, CA). Images were analyzed qualitatively for areas of flow loss and quantitatively for measures of foveal avascular area, parafoveal flow, and vascular density...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212860/comparative-structure-function-characterization-of-the-saposin-like-domains-from-potato-barley-cardoon-and-arabidopsis-aspartic-proteases
#20
Brian C Bryksa, Douglas A Grahame, Rickey Y Yada
The present study characterized the aspartic protease saposin-like domains of four plant species, Solanum tuberosum (potato), Hordeum vulgare L. (barley), Cynara cardunculus L. (cardoon; artichoke thistle) and Arabidopsis thaliana, in terms of bilayer disruption and fusion, and structure pH-dependence. Comparison of the recombinant saposin-like domains revealed that each induced leakage of bilayer vesicles composed of a simple phospholipid mixture with relative rates Arabidopsis>barley>cardoon>potato...
February 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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