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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719949/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasmosis-with-elisa-and-rapid-diagnostic-test-among-residents-in-gyodong-do-inchon-city-korea-a-four-year-follow-up
#1
Yeong Hoon Kim, Ji Hoo Lee, Seong Kyu Ahn, Tong-Soo Kim, Sung-Jong Hong, Chom-Kyu Chong, Hye-Jin Ahn, Ho-Woo Nam
ELISA has been used for the diagnosis of toxoplasmosis, but it is being gradually replaced by a rapid diagnostic test (RDT). We compared and analyzed ELISA and RDT results using the sera collected during 4 consecutive years from residents of Gyodong-do (Island), Incheon-city, Korea. Sera from 921, 993, 940, and 838 adult residents were collected on a yearly basis (2010-2013). ELISA was performed by using a crude extract of T. gondii RH strain antigen and IgG/IgM RDT mounted with recombinant fragment of major surface antigen (SAG1), GST-linker-SAG1A, were applied to the sera...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719936/using-notes-to-salvage-a-misdeployed-lumen-apposing-metal-stent-during-an-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-gastroenterostomy
#2
Amy Tyberg, Monica Saumoy, Michel Kahaleh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719898/role-of-mir-155-signal-pathway-in-regulating-podocyte-injury-induced-by-tgf-%C3%AE-1
#3
Xu Lin, Xintng Zhen, Haiting Huang, Haohao Wu, Yanwu You, Pengwei Guo, Xiangjun Gu, Fafen Yang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of glomerulosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of inhibition of miR-155 on podocyte injury induced by TGF-β1 and to determine further molecular mediators involved in the effects of miR-155. METHODS: Conditionally immortalized podocytes were cultured in vitro and they were divided into four groups: control; TGF-β1 treatment; TGF-β1 with miR-155 knockdown [using antisense oligonucleotides against miR-155 (ASO-miR-155)] and TGF-β1 with negative control antisense oligonucleotides (ASO-NC)...
July 18, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719716/the-sophono-bone-conduction-system-surgical-audiologic-and-quality-of-life-outcomes
#4
Timothy Mclean, Irumee Pai, Andrew Philipatos, Michael Gordon
We prospectively evaluated the surgical, audiologic, and quality-of-life outcomes in 5 patients-2 men and 3 women, aged 22 to 64 years (mean: 41.8)-who were implanted with the Sophono Alpha 2 MPO Processor. The indications for implantation of this bone-conduction device included recurrent ear canal infections with hearing aids (n = 3), single-sided deafness (n = 1), and patient preference in view of difficulty using a conventional hearing aid (n = 1). In addition to the patient with single-sided deafness, 3 patients had a bilateral mixed hearing loss and 1 had a bilateral conductive hearing loss...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719604/research-questions-in-pre-hospital-trauma-care
#5
David J Lockey
Noting that a variety of pre-hospital interventions can now be applied to treat traumatic injury, David J Lockey calls for research to determine which of these actually improve survival and reduce morbidity.
July 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719541/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-adalimumab-monotherapy-versus-combination-therapy-with-immunomodulators-for-induction-and-maintenance-of-remission-and-response-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#6
Jean M Chalhoub, Hussein H Rimmani, Vivek V Gumaste, Ala I Sharara
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether the combination of adalimumab (ADA) and immunomodulators is superior to ADA monotherapy in patients with Crohn's disease. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and other databases were searched. Randomized controlled trials, open-label, prospective cohort, and retrospective studies, and pooled analyses were included. Primary outcomes were induction (≤12 wk) and maintenance (up to 56 wk) of remission and response. Secondary outcomes were severe adverse events, opportunistic infections, and development of antibodies to adalimumab...
August 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719482/teaching-incision-and-drainage-perceived-educational-value-of-abscess-models
#7
Cynthia M Adams, Lise E Nigrovic, Gavin Hayes, Peter H Weinstock, Joshua Nagler
OBJECTIVES: Incision and drainage (I&D) of skin abscesses is an important procedural skill for pediatric emergency medicine providers. Practical skills training using simulation provides an opportunity to learn and gain confidence with this invasive procedure. Our objective was to assess the perceived educational value of 2 versions of an abscess model as part of an educational workshop for teaching I&D. METHODS: A combined didactic and practical skills workshop was developed for use at 2 national conferences...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719479/a-simulation-based-quality-improvement-initiative-improves-pediatric-readiness-in-community-hospitals
#8
Travis Whitfill, Marcie Gawel, Marc Auerbach
BACKGROUND: The National Pediatric Readiness Project Pediatric Readiness Survey (PRS) measured pediatric readiness in 4149 US emergency departments (EDs) and noted an average score of 69 on a 100-point scale. This readiness score consists of 6 domains: coordination of pediatric patient care (19/100), physician/nurse staffing and training (10/100), quality improvement activities (7/100), patient safety initiatives (14/100), policies and procedures (17/100), and availability of pediatric equipment (33/100)...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719447/diffuse-increased-sodium-fluoride-gastric-activity-in-a-patient-with-hypercalcemia
#9
Fuqiang Shao, Shumao Zhang, Chi Qi, Yu Wang, Yue Chen
Increased extraosseous uptake of sodium fluoride can be visualized because of many different etiologies. A 62-year-old man with a history of osteoporosis had an F-sodium fluoride PET/CT scan for accessing chest pain caused by an accident. The images showed multiple fractures. Unexpectedly, diffuse activity was noted in the gastric wall, which was suggestive of possible hypercalcemia. The serum calcium level confirmed the patient had hypercalcemia.
July 17, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719028/sales-performance-and-athletic-outcome-in-young-thoroughbreds-with-pericarditis
#10
K A Sprayberry, N Slovis
BACKGROUND: Pericarditis is a sporadic but important cause of critical illness in horses of all ages. There is limited information on whether Thoroughbred horses that survive pericarditis are able to reach athletic potential. OBJECTIVES: To determine how pericarditis affected horses that had the disease as young animals with regard to selling price in public sales and the ability to race successfully. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
July 18, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719010/special-note
#11
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718942/the-shift-toward-neo-adjuvant-chemotherapy-and-interval-debulking-surgery-for-management-of-advanced-ovarian-and-related-cancers-in-a-population-based-setting-impact-on-clinical-outcomes
#12
James L Nicklin, Shaun McGrath, Lee Tripcony, Andrea Garrett, Russell Land, Amy Tang, Lewis Perrin, Naven Chetty, Nisha Jagasia, Alex J Crandon, Marcelo Nascimento, Graeme Walker, Karen Sanday, Andreas Obermair
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of patients with advanced ovarian and related cancers (EOC+RC), treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and interval debulking surgery (NACT - IDS), and to determine if there was any relationship with optimal cytoreduction rates and overall survival (OS) in a state-wide gynaecologic oncology service over time. METHODS: A retrospective review was undertaken using a population-based database of patients with stages 3 and 4 EOC+RC treated from 1982 till 2013 at the Queensland Centre for Gynaecological Cancer (QCGC)...
July 18, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718917/proliferation-of-elastic-fibers-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-whole-slide-image-analysis-and-comparison-with-pleuroparenchymal-fibroelastosis
#13
Yoshiaki Kinoshita, Kentaro Watanabe, Hiroshi Ishii, Hisako Kushima, Masaki Fujita, Kazuki Nabeshima
BACKGROUND: We occasionally encounter patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) who have similar imaging patterns to pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) in the upper lung fields but are not diagnosed as PPFE clinically. The clinicopathological features and intrapulmonary distribution of elastic fibers and collagen fibers in these patients have not been fully elucidated. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with a clinical diagnosis of IPF and selected the consecutive patients who received autopsy or pneumonectomy for lung transplantation...
July 18, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718906/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-effectiveness-of-anterior-pelvic-organ-prolapse-repair-with-prolift-versus-elevate-vaginal-mesh
#14
Isabel Barros-Pereira, Alexandre Valentim-Lourenço, Andreia Fonseca, Bruna Melo, Alexandra Henriques, Ana Ribeirinho
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of anterior pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair using Prolift (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ, USA) or Elevate (American Medical Systems, Minnetonka, MN, USA) vaginal mesh at 12 months of follow-up. METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken using the records for the first 50 Prolift procedures in 2007-2009 and the first 50 Elevate procedures in 2013-2015 performed at a tertiary urogynecology unit in Lisbon, Portugal. Postoperative follow-up occurred at 3, 6, and 12 months...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718904/autologous-serum-eye-drops-and-enhanced-epithelial-healing-time-after-photorefractive-keratectomy
#15
Hanife Tuba Akcam, Metin Unlu, Emine Esra Karaca, Hulya Yazici, Bahri Aydin, Ahmet Murad Hondur
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to test whether use of autologous serum eye-drops can provide earlier epithelial healing following the application of photorefractive keratectomy. METHOD: Sixty patients (60 eyes) underwent photorefractive keratectomy for myopia. Thirty eyes received autologous serum drops (Study group) while 30 eyes received conventional artificial tears (Control group) after photorefractive keratectomy. An 8 mm epithelial opening was prepared with the application of 18 per cent alcohol for 20 seconds...
July 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718787/a-note-on-suckling-behavior-and-laterality-in-nursing-humpback-whale-calves-from-underwater-observations
#16
Ann M Zoidis, Kate S Lomac-MacNair
We investigated nursing behavior on the Hawaiian breeding grounds for first year humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) calves. We observed and video-documented underwater events with nursing behavior from five different whale groups. The observed nursing events include behaviors where a calf positions itself at a 30-45° angle to the midline of the mother's body, with its mouth touching her mammary slit (i.e., suckling position). On two occasions, milk in the water column was recorded in close proximity to a mother/calf pair, and on one occasion, milk was recorded 2...
July 18, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718776/coil-geometry-effects-on-scanning-single-coil-magnetic-induction-tomography
#17
Joe R Feldkamp, Stephen Quirk
Alternative coil designs for single coil MIT (magnetic induction tomography) are considered in this work, with the intention of improving upon the standard design used previously. In particular, we note that the blind spot associated with this coil type, a portion of space along its axis where eddy current generation can be very weak, has an important effect on performance. The seven designs tested here vary considerably in the size of their blind spot. To provide the most discerning test possible, we use laboratory phantoms containing feature dimensions similar to blind spot size...
July 18, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718724/black-raspberries-and-their-anthocyanin-and-fiber-fractions-alter-the-composition-and-diversity-of-gut-microbiota-in-f-344-rats
#18
Pan Pan, Vy Lam, Nita Salzman, Yi-Wen Huang, Jianhua Yu, Jianying Zhang, Li-Shu Wang
Natural compounds can alter the diversity and composition of the gut microbiome, potentially benefiting our health. We previously demonstrated chemopreventive effects of black raspberries (BRBs) in colorectal cancer, which is associated with gut dysbiosis. To investigate the effects of whole BRBs and their fractions on gut microbiota, we fed F-344 rats a control diet, 5% BRBs, the BRB anthocyanin fraction, or the BRB residue fraction for 6 weeks. Feces were collected at baseline and at weeks 3 and 6, and bacterial sequence counts were analyzed...
July 18, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718619/radial-dopant-placement-for-tuning-plasmonic-properties-in-metal-oxide-nanocrystals
#19
Brandon M Crockett, Adam W Jansons, Kristopher M Koskela, Darren W Johnson, James E Hutchison
Doped metal oxide nanocrystals that exhibit tunable localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPRs) represent an intriguing class of nanomaterials that show promise for a variety of applications from spectroscopy to sensing. LSPRs arise in these materials through the introduction of aliovalent dopants and lattice oxygen vacancies. Tuning the LSPR shape and energy is generally accomplished through controlling the concentration or identity of dopants in a nanocrystal, but the lack of finer synthetic control leaves several fundamental questions unanswered regarding the effects of radial dopant placement, size, and nanocrystalline architecture on the LSPR energy and damping...
July 18, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718395/ultrasound-guided-wire-localisation-to-facilitate-removal-of-an-abnormal-neck-lymph-node-a-technical-note
#20
J Golding, P Kirkland, D Howlett
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided wire localisation is a technique that is well established in breast surgery, but is not well described in head and neck practice. It can be used to locate impalpable lesions for surgical removal, without the need for more extensive surgery. METHOD: This paper describes a case where the technique was used to assist in the removal of an impalpable but radiologically abnormal lymph node. CONCLUSION: The technique offers a safe and effective method for removing lesions within the head and neck...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
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