keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Public health in 21st century

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448153/projecting-future-climate-change-impacts-on-heat-related-mortality-in-large-urban-areas-in-china
#1
Ying Li, Ting Ren, Patrick L Kinney, Andrew Joyner, Wei Zhang
Global climate change is anticipated to raise overall temperatures and has the potential to increase future mortality attributable to heat. Urban areas are particularly vulnerable to heat because of high concentrations of susceptible people. As the world's largest developing country, China has experienced noticeable changes in climate, partially evidenced by frequent occurrence of extreme heat in urban areas, which could expose millions of residents to summer heat stress that may result in increased health risk, including mortality...
February 12, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444784/a-scoping-review-protocol-to-map-the-evidence-on-interventions-to-prevent-overweight-and-obesity-in-children
#2
Peer-Benedikt Vincent Bussiek, Chiara De Poli, Gwyn Bevan
INTRODUCTION: Obesity has become one of the biggest public health problems of the 21st century. Prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents has increased dramatically worldwide over the last 20 years, and this trend is expected to continue. Obesity in childhood is concerning as it predicts obesity in adulthood, a common risk factor for a wide array of chronic diseases and poor health outcomes. Obesity is preventable and a vast but fragmented body of evidence on preventative interventions is now available...
February 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392186/environmental-toxicant-exposures-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-two-interrelated-public-health-problems-on-the-rise
#3
Marcelo G Bonini, Robert M Sargis
Rates of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are rising rapidly across the globe and the impact of this devastating disease threatens to plague the 21st century. While some contributing factors are well-recognized (e.g. sedentary lifestyles and caloric excess), others diabetes-promoting risk factors are less established or poorly appreciated. The latter category includes environmental exposures to diabetogenic contaminants. Herein we review some of the latest concepts and mechanisms by which environmental exposures may contribute to rising rates of T2DM with a particular focus on mechanisms involving mitochondrial dysfunction and imbalances in reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369815/marijuana-use-among-youths-in-mississippi-united-states
#4
REVIEW
Rasaki Aranmolate
Background Increased use of marijuana among youths in Mississippi, United States is of great concern to Public Health in the 21st century. This study examined the prevalence of marijuana use according to gender, race and ethnicity. Method The data for this study was obtained from Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) for 2015, a cross-sectional survey of the Mississippi High School Students, which examined the prevalence and trends in the use of marijuana according to gender, race and ethnicity. The trends in the percentage of students that reported the use of marijuana and its product was examined by univariate t-test statistical analysis at p < 0...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369690/antibiotic-resistance-profile-of-commensal-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-broiler-chickens-in-qatar
#5
Nahla O Eltai, Elmoubasher A Abdfarag, Hamad Al-Romaihi, Eman Wehedy, Mahmoud H Mahmoud, Osama K Alawad, Mohammed M Al-Hajri, Asmaa A Al Thani, Hadi M Yassine
Antibiotic resistance (AR) is a growing public health concern worldwide, and it is a top health challenge in the 21st century. AR among Enterobacteriaceae is rapidly increasing, especially in third-generation cephalosporins and carbapenems. Further, strains carrying mobilized colistin resistance ( mcr) genes 1 and 2 have been isolated from humans, food-producing animals, and the environment. The uncontrolled use of antibiotics in food-producing animals is a major factor in the generation and spread of AR. No studies have been done to evaluate AR in the veterinary sector of Qatar...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346302/smart-device-based-notifications-to-promote-healthy-behavior-related-to-childhood-obesity-and-overweight
#6
Gustavo López, Iván González, Elitania Jimenez-Garcia, Jesús Fontecha, Jose A Brenes, Luis A Guerrero, José Bravo
Obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century and it is a threat to the life of people according to World Health Organization. In this scenario, family environment is important to establish healthy habits which help to reduce levels of obesity and control overweight in children. However, little efforts have been focused on helping parents to promote and have healthy lifestyles. In this paper, we present two smart device-based notification prototypes to promote healthy behavior with the aim of avoiding childhood overweight and obesity...
January 18, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325804/heart-failure-in-numbers-estimates-for-the-21st-century-in-portugal
#7
Cândida Fonseca, Daniel Brás, Inês Araújo, Fátima Ceia
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Heart failure is a major public health problem that affects a large number of individuals and is associated with high mortality and morbidity. This study aims to estimate the probable scenario for HF prevalence and its consequences in the short-, medium- and long-term in Portugal. METHODS: This assessment is based on the EPICA (Epidemiology of Heart Failure and Learning) project, which was designed to estimate the prevalence of chronic heart failure in mainland Portugal in 1998...
January 8, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311036/equipping-future-generations-of-registered-dietitian-nutritionists-and-public-health-nutritionists-a-commentary-on-education-and-training-needs-to-promote-sustainable-food-systems-and-practices-in-the-21st-century
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280244/complex-systems-thinking-in-emergency-medicine-a-novel-paradigm-for-a-rapidly-changing-and-interconnected-health-care-landscape
#9
Matthew A Widmer, R Chad Swanson, Brian J Zink, Jesse M Pines
INTRODUCTION: The specialty of emergency medicine is experiencing the convergence of a number of transformational forces in the United States, including health care reform, technological advancements, and societal shifts. These bring both opportunity and uncertainty. 21ST CENTURY CHALLENGES: Persistent challenges such as the opioid epidemic, rising health care costs, misaligned incentives, patients with multiple chronic diseases, and emergency department crowding continue to plague the acute, unscheduled care system...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221825/tuberculosis-and-immigration
#10
Adrián Sánchez-Montalvá, Fernando Salvador, Daniel Molina-Morant, Israel Molina
Tuberculosis continues to be a major public health problem in Spain. The incidence of tuberculosis in the native population has declined steadily in recent years. Migration flows have changed drastically since the beginning of the 21st century, with Spain becoming a recipient country for immigrants. Because most of the immigrants comes from countries with high incidence of tuberculosis, the contribution of the migrant population to new cases of tuberculosis is higher in relative terms than its weight in the total population...
December 5, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221541/the-global-health-nursing-imperative-using-competency-based-analysis-to-strengthen-accountability-for-population-focused-practice-education-and-research
#11
Barbara Joyce, Nancy Brown-Schott, Vicki Hicks, Regina Gina Johnson, Monica Harmon, Lucille Pilling
BACKGROUND: The Quad Council Competencies for Public Health Nurses are used to guide community and public health nursing course development in baccalaureate nursing programs. As clinical practice has expanded to global settings, the appropriateness of the 2011 Quad Council Public Health Nursing (PHN) Competencies to guide global clinical practice and evaluation was questioned. OBJECTIVE: To describe a comparison and analysis of three sets of competencies: PHN competencies, competencies for global health nurses, and interprofessional competencies for health professionals...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218843/potential-of-saprophage-diptera-to-acquire-culturable-livestock-associated-antibiotic-resistant-bacteria
#12
S M Russell, V A Chittick, D T Sangweme, E C Lampert
The increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistance among bacteria is one of the most intractable challenges in 21st-century public health. Dipterans that associate with livestock, livestock waste products and cadavers have the potential to acquire livestock-associated antibiotic-resistant bacteria (LA-ARB) and transmit them to humans. In this study, piglet cadavers were used to attract saprophage dipterans from the environment and those dipterans were sampled for the presence of LA-ARB. In the first trial, culturable microbes resistant to both aminoglycoside and β-lactam antibiotics were found in all cadavers and masses of dipteran larvae, and in three-quarters of adult dipterans...
December 8, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186782/forging-a-frailty-ready-healthcare-system-to-meet-population-ageing
#13
Wee Shiong Lim, Sweet Fun Wong, Ian Leong, Philip Choo, Weng Sun Pang
The beginning of the 21st century has seen health systems worldwide struggling to deliver quality healthcare amidst challenges posed by ageing populations. The increasing prevalence of frailty with older age and accompanying complexities in physical, cognitive, social and psychological dimensions renders the present modus operandi of fragmented, facility-centric, doctor-based, and illness-centered care delivery as clearly unsustainable. In line with the public health framework for action in the World Health Organization's World Health and Ageing Report, meeting these challenges will require a systemic reform of healthcare delivery that is integrated, patient-centric, team-based, and health-centered...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186478/randomized-controlled-trials-in-children-s-heart-surgery-in-the-21st-century-a-systematic-review
#14
Nigel E Drury, Akshay J Patel, Nicola K Oswald, Cher-Rin Chong, John Stickley, David J Barron, Timothy J Jones
OBJECTIVES: Randomized controlled trials are the gold standard for evaluating health care interventions, yet are uncommon in children's heart surgery. We conducted a systematic review of clinical trials in paediatric cardiac surgery to evaluate the scope and quality of the current international literature. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, CENTRAL and LILACS, and manually screened retrieved references and systematic reviews to identify all randomized controlled trials reporting the effect of any intervention on the conduct or outcomes of heart surgery in children published in any language since January 2000; secondary publications and those reporting inseparable adult data were excluded...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171057/real-world-evidence-public-participation-and-the-fda
#15
Jason L Schwartz
For observers of pharmaceutical regulation and the Food and Drug Administration, these are uncertain times. Events in late 2016 raised concerns that the FDA's evidentiary standards were being weakened, compromising the agency's ability to adequately perform its regulatory and public health responsibilities. Two developments most directly contributed to these fears-the approval of eteplirsen, a treatment for Duchenne muscular dystrophy, against the recommendations of both FDA staff and an advisory committee and the December 2016 signing of the 21st Century Cures Act, which encouraged greater use by the FDA of "real-world" evidence not obtained through randomized controlled trials...
November 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162758/public-health-challenges-for-the-21st-century-convergence-of-demography-economics-environment-and-biology-nalanda-distinguished-lecture
#16
K M Venkat Narayan
The rapidly changing and interdependent world under the mega-force of globalization presents unique challenges and opportunities for public health. Focusing on the example of type 2 diabetes, I argue that an appreciation for the evolution of demographic and economic contexts is essential to appropriately address today's dynamic and complex health challenges. For the vast majority of the past 2000 years, India and China were the world's largest economies until the rise of western European nations in the 18th century and later the USA...
July 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152578/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-nonstructural-protein-16-is-necessary-for-interferon-resistance-and-viral-pathogenesis
#17
Vineet D Menachery, Lisa E Gralinski, Hugh D Mitchell, Kenneth H Dinnon, Sarah R Leist, Boyd L Yount, Rachel L Graham, Eileen T McAnarney, Kelly G Stratton, Adam S Cockrell, Kari Debbink, Amy C Sims, Katrina M Waters, Ralph S Baric
Coronaviruses (CoVs) encode a mixture of highly conserved and novel genes, as well as genetic elements necessary for infection and pathogenesis, raising the possibility of common targets for attenuation and therapeutic design. In this study, we focused on highly conserved nonstructural protein 16 (NSP16), a viral 2'O-methyltransferase (2'O-MTase) that encodes critical functions in immune modulation and infection. Using reverse genetics, we disrupted a key motif in the conserved KDKE motif of Middle East respiratory syndrome CoV (MERS-CoV) NSP16 (D130A) and evaluated the effect on viral infection and pathogenesis...
November 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151061/evolution-of-sanitary-epidemiological-services-in-poland-in-the-years-1944-2014
#18
Marek L Grabowski, Bożena Kosińska, Józef P Knap
This paper presents the history of sanitary-epidemiological services in the context of the health, economic and socio-political situation in Poland in the years 1944-2014, with a critical analysis of legal restraints, efficiency and achievements. Polish Sanitary Services, established in 1919, as a state service, have preserved for more than 95 years (also during World War II and the occupation) the continuity of its structures and essential objectives to enable their implementation in the field of public health protection...
November 8, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124683/the-21st-century-cures-act-implications-for-the-reduction-of-racial-health-disparities-in-the-us-criminal-justice-system-a-public-health-approach
#19
Donna M Cole, Dawna Marie Thomas, Kelsi Field, Amelia Wool, Taryn Lipiner, Natalie Massenberg, Barbara J Guthrie
Past drug epidemics have disproportionately criminalized drug addiction among African Americans, leading to disparate health outcomes, increased rates of HIV/AIDS, and mass incarceration. Conversely, the current opioid addiction crisis in the USA focuses primarily on white communities and is being addressed as a public health problem. The 21st Century Cures Act has the potential to reduce racial health disparities in the criminal justice system through the Act's public health approach to addiction and mental health issues...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108082/-old-and-new-public-health-structures-in-germany-plenary-lecture-of-the-forum-future-public-health-berlin-2016
#20
Manfred Wildner
Basic structures serving public health in Germany in the second decade of the 21st century are described. They are related to the governmental public health grant programs of the late 20th century and the successful re-introduction of public health competencies and capacities at universities and colleges. Structures under direct governmental responsibility, public law self-government and in the non-governmental for-profit and not-for-profit sector are described. Future challenges are sketched and a networked, three-dimensional model of research and development, politics and practice is suggested...
November 6, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
keyword
keyword
13612
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"