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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882339/is-a-shift-from-research-on-individual-medical-error-to-research-on-health-information-technology-underway-a-40-year-analysis-of-publication-trends-in-medical-journals
#1
Daniel Erlewein, Tommaso Bruni, Mariacarla Gadebusch Bondio
OBJECTIVE: In 1983, McIntyre and Popper underscored the need for more openness in dealing with errors in medicine. Since then, much has been written on individual medical errors. Furthermore, at the beginning of the 21st century, researchers and medical practitioners increasingly approached individual medical errors through health information technology. Hence, the question arises whether the attention of biomedical researchers shifted from individual medical errors to health information technology...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869649/the-opioid-crisis-a-21st-century-pain
#2
G Walker
The opioid pain market is a lucrative one, but is experiencing significant challenges in the U.S. as the country grapples with prescription opioid addiction, overdose and fatalities. The situation has been declared a national Public Health Emergency and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has introduced several measures intended to reduce opioid abuse. The development of abuse-deterrent prescription opioids is one such measure, but although abuse-deterrent formulations of opioids reduce drug liking and abuse, concerns have been highlighted by an Institute of Clinical and Economic Review (ICER) report regarding the insufficiency of currently available data to determine the effects of these formulations at the population level...
April 2018: Drugs of Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866604/food-safety-in-the-21st-century
#3
REVIEW
Fred Fung, Huei-Shyong Wang, Suresh Menon
Food is essential to life, hence food safety is a basic human right. Billons of people in the world are at risk of unsafe food. Many millions become sick while hundreds of thousand die yearly. The food chain starts from farm to fork/plate while challenges include microbial, chemical, personal and environmental hygiene. Historically, documented human tragedies and economic disasters due to consuming contaminated food occurred as a result of intentional or unintentional personal conduct and governmental failure to safeguard food quality and safety...
April 2018: Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846209/planning-for-large-epidemics-and-pandemics-challenges-from-a-policy-perspective
#4
Vageesh Jain, Adriano Duse, Daniel G Bausch
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Less than two decades into the 21st century, the world has already witnessed numerous large epidemics or pandemics. These events have highlighted inadequacies in both national and international capacity for outbreak prevention, detection, and response. Here, we review some of the major challenges from a policy perspective. RECENT FINDINGS: The most important challenges facing policymakers include financing outbreak preparedness and response in a complex political environment with limited resources, coordinating response efforts among a growing and diverse range of national and international actors, accurately assessing national outbreak preparedness, addressing the shortfall in the global biomedical workforce, building surge capacity of both human and material resources, balancing investments in public health and curative services, building capacity for outbreak-related research and development, and reinforcing measures for infection prevention and control...
May 24, 2018: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791942/emerging-viral-infections-and-their-impact-on-the-global-burden-of-neurological-disease
#5
Laura S Muñoz, Maria A Garcia, Eliza Gordon-Lipkin, Beatriz Parra, Carlos A Pardo
Emerging viral infections of the nervous system represent a major global public health concern in the 21st century. They are caused primarily by RNA viruses and are mostly associated with acute or subacute encephalitis. The spectrum of associated central or peripheral nervous system disorders is broad, and results either from a direct viral effect or due to the host immune responses against the infection. Emerging viral infections impose substantial neurological morbidity and mortality, particularly in low- and middle-income regions...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789294/public-health-in-the-21st-century-governance-for-a-healthy-just-and-sustainable-future
#6
Trevor Hancock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780889/how-to-conceptualize-and-implement-a-phd-program-in-health-sciences-the-basel-approach
#7
Franziska Keller, Suzanne Dhaini, Matthias Briel, Sina Henrichs, Christoph Höchsmann, Daniel Kalbermatten, Nino Künzli, Annette Mollet, Christian Puelacher, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Belinda von Niederhäusern, Sabina De Geest
Objectives: Over the past decade, several excellent guidelines have been published on how to enhance the quality of PhD education in Europe. Aimed primarily at preparing students for innovative roles in their fields, they include variously structured approaches to curricular offerings, as well as other program components applicable across specialties (eg: supervisor support, scientific conduct, transferable skills). Since 2012, the interdisciplinary PhD Program in Health Sciences (PPHS) at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Basel in Switzerland has focused on translating these guidelines into a 21st-century health sciences PhD program...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777097/gwas-on-family-history-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Riccardo E Marioni, Sarah E Harris, Qian Zhang, Allan F McRae, Saskia P Hagenaars, W David Hill, Gail Davies, Craig W Ritchie, Catharine R Gale, John M Starr, Alison M Goate, David J Porteous, Jian Yang, Kathryn L Evans, Ian J Deary, Naomi R Wray, Peter M Visscher
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a public health priority for the 21st century. Risk reduction currently revolves around lifestyle changes with much research trying to elucidate the biological underpinnings. We show that self-report of parental history of Alzheimer's dementia for case ascertainment in a genome-wide association study of 314,278 participants from UK Biobank (27,696 maternal cases, 14,338 paternal cases) is a valid proxy for an AD genetic study. After meta-analysing with published consortium data (n = 74,046 with 25,580 cases across the discovery and replication analyses), three new AD-associated loci (P < 5 × 10-8 ) are identified...
May 18, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749280/beyond-china-s-drug-century-yunnan-s-first-therapeutic-community-and-narratives-of-drug-treatment-and-mental-health-care
#9
Sandra Teresa Hyde
China is experiencing rapid cultural change and new forms of sociability that are accompanied by social problems and novel humanitarian interventions that have been formulated to address those problems. The pressure related to the rapid transformation of the countryside into mid-level cities has led to recreational drug-use as a means of escape. These illegal drugs have greased the wheels of what I call an affective biopolitics that has influenced Chinese citizens. Carlos Rojas argues that development in China results from the effects of discrete protocols, or practices that stem from tensions between capital and labor, governmentality and biopolitics, and nationalism and globalization...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730648/metrological-traceability-and-harmonization-of-medical-tests-a-quantum-leap-forward-is-needed-to-keep-pace-with-globalization-and-stringent-ivd-regulations-in-the-21st-century
#10
Christa Cobbaert, Nico Smit, Philippe Gillery
In our efforts to advance the profession and practice of clinical laboratory medicine, strong coordination and collaboration are needed more than ever before. At the dawn of the 21st century, medical laboratories are facing many unmet clinical needs, a technological revolution promising a plethora of better biomarkers, financial constraints, a growing scarcity of well-trained laboratory technicians and a sharply increasing number of International Organization for Standardization guidelines and new regulations to which medical laboratories should comply in order to guarantee safety and effectiveness of medical test results...
May 7, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725629/acute-kidney-injury-in-pregnancy-the-changing-landscape-for-the-21st-century
#11
REVIEW
Swati Rao, Belinda Jim
Pregnancy-related acute kidney injury (Pr-AKI) remains a large public health problem, with decreasing incidences in developing countries but seemingly increasing incidences in the United States and Canada. These epidemiologic changes are reflective of the advances in medical and obstetric care, as well as changes in underlying maternal risk factors. The risk factors associated with advanced maternal age, such as hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and those associated with reproductive technologies such as multiple gestations, are increasing...
March 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712711/medical-nutrition-education-training-and-competencies-to-advance-guideline-based-diet-counseling-by-physicians-a-science-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#12
REVIEW
Karen E Aspry, Linda Van Horn, Jo Ann S Carson, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Robert F Kushner, Alice H Lichtenstein, Stephen Devries, Andrew M Freeman, Allison Crawford, Penny Kris-Etherton
Growing scientific evidence of the benefits of heart-healthy dietary patterns and of the massive public health and economic burdens attributed to obesity and poor diet quality have triggered national calls to increase diet counseling in outpatients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease or risk factors. However, despite evidence that physicians are willing to undertake this task and are viewed as credible sources of diet information, they engage patients in diet counseling at less than desirable rates and cite insufficient knowledge and training as barriers...
April 30, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701154/technological-solutions-for-older-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-review
#13
Petra Maresova, Signe Tomsone, Petre Lameski, Joana Madureira, Ana Mendes, Eftim Zdravevski, Ivan Chorbev, Vladimir Trajkovik, Moriah Ellen, Kasper Rodile
In the nineties, numerous studies began to highlight the problem of the increasing number of people with Alzheimer's disease in developed countries, especially in the context of demographic progress. At the same time, the 21st century is typical of the development of advanced technologies that penetrate all areas of human life. Digital devices, sensors, and intelligent applications are tools that can help seniors and allow better communication and control of their caregivers. The aim of the paper is to provide an up-to-date summary of the use of technological solutions for improving health and safety for people with Alzheimer's disease...
April 27, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692353/copd-care-in-the-21st-century-a-public-health-priority
#14
Rachel N Criner, MeiLan K Han
COPD is an underdiagnosed, undertreated, and yet largely preventable disease. COPD affects millions of Americans on a daily basis, accounts for tens of thousands of deaths per year, and costs billions to the United States health-care system annually. Further, it impacts the quality of life for patients living with the disease. COPD care is fragmented in the United States, with a high level of responsibility placed on patients and their primary care physicians. Pulmonary specialists care for a minority of patients with COPD in the United States...
May 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679542/treatments-for-diabetes-mellitus-type-ii-new-perspectives-regarding-the-possible-role-of-calcium-and-camp-interaction
#15
REVIEW
Diego Soares Carvalho, Alexandre Aparecido de Almeida, Aurélio Ferreira Borges, Vannucci Campos
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is among the top ten causes of death worldwide. It is considered to be one of the major global epidemics of the 21st century, with a significant impact on public health budgets. DM is a metabolic disorder with multiple etiologies. Its pathophysiology is marked by dysfunction of pancreatic β-cells which compromises the synthesis and secretion of insulin along with resistance to insulin action in peripheral tissues (muscle and adipose). Subjects presenting insulin resistance in DM type 2 often also exhibit increased insulin secretion and hyperinsulinemia...
July 5, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628173/-the-plague-an-overview-and-hot-topics
#16
A Galy, P Loubet, N Peiffer-Smadja, Y Yazdanpanah
Plague is a bacterial zoonosis caused by Yersinia pestis, usually found in fleas and small rodents that constitute the reservoir of the disease. It is transmitted to humans by flea bite, contact with rodents or inhalation of infected droplets. There are three clinical forms: bubonic plague, pulmonary plague and septicemic plague. The usual presentation is a flu-like syndrome possibly accompanied by an inflammatory lymphadenopathy which appears after 1 to 7days of incubation. Bubonic plague has a case fatality rate of about 50% while other forms of plague are almost always fatal without treatment...
April 5, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627504/prioritizing-complex-disease-risk-genes-by-integrating-multiple-data
#17
Shanshan Guo, Benliang Wei, Bingchen Dong, Wan Li, Song Wu, Yuehan He, Yahui Wang, Xilei Zhao, Lina Chen, Weiming He
Complex diseases, such as obesity, type II diabetes and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as metabolic disorder-related diseases are major concern for worldwide public health in the 21st century. The identification of these disease risk genes has attracted increasing interest in computational systems biology. In this paper, a novel method was proposed to prioritize disease risk genes (PDRG) by integrating functional annotations, protein interactions and gene expression information to assess similarity between genes in a disease-related metabolic network...
April 6, 2018: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605525/strengthening-the-public-health-workforce-an-estimation-of-the-long-term-requirements-for-public-health-specialists-in-serbia
#18
Milena Santric Milicevic, Milena Vasic, Matt Edwards, Cristina Sanchez, John Fellows
At the beginning of the 21st century, planning the public health workforce requirements came into the focus of policy makers. The need for improved provision of essential public health services, driven by a challenging non-communicable disease and causes of death and disability within Serbia, calls for a much needed estimation of the requirements of the public health professionals. Mid and long-term public health specialists' supply and demand estimations out to 2025were developed based on national staffing standards and regional distribution of the workforce in public health institutes of Serbia...
March 21, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588944/defeating-epilepsy-a-global-public-health-commitment
#19
Shekhar Saxena, Shichuo Li
This article points out that defeating epilepsy is a global public health commitment and a new challenge. This is because: epilepsy causes a heavy burden and very high treatment gap; in the field of life sciences and medicine, the 21st century would be the "Century of Brain Science"; a number of national brain research initiatives provide a great opportunity to reveal the secret of epilepsy; the Global Campaign against Epilepsy and the Mental Health Gap Action Programme made great contributions in the epilepsy control work worldwide; the historical WHA68...
June 2017: Epilepsia Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559155/simple-but-not-easy-opportunities-and-challenges-from-teachers-and-students-perspectives-in-the-21st-century-of-veterinary-parasitology-teaching
#20
Christina Strube, Katharina Raue, Elisabeth Janecek
One of the main goals in academia is, and has been, high quality education of students to provide theoretical and practical knowledge essential for professional life. Achieving this goal is highly dependent on teaching procedures and, consequently, on a constant adaptation of teaching styles to align to technical advances and cutting-edge topics. Technical advances can strongly influence teaching and learning in the complex subject area of veterinary parasitology. Today's students are provided with extensive, digital lecture notes, and e-learning offers including virtual microscope technology to independently obtain intensified theoretical knowledge and understanding...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
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