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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814532/developmental-process-and-early-phases-of-implementation-for-the-us-interagency-committee-on-human-nutrition-research-national-nutrition-research-roadmap-2016-2021
#1
Sheila E Fleischhacker, Rachel M Ballard, Pamela E Starke-Reed, Deborah A Galuska, Marian L Neuhouser
The Interagency Committee on Human Nutrition Research (ICHNR) is charged with improving the planning, coordination, and communication among federal agencies engaged in nutrition research and with facilitating the development and updating of plans for federal research programs to meet current and future domestic and international needs for nutrition. The ICHNR is co-chaired by the USDA Under Secretary for Research, Education, and Economics and Chief Scientist and the US Department of Health and Human Services Assistant Secretary for Health and is made up of >10 departments and agencies...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807604/focusing-on-the-implementation-of-21st-century-vaccines-for-adults
#2
Paolo Bonanni, Guglielmo Bonaccorsi, Chiara Lorini, Francesca Santomauro, Emilia Tiscione, Sara Boccalini, Angela Bechini
Adult immunization is a priority for public health, particularly in countries where an aging population has become increasingly more numerous. Protection against diseases which typically affect adults (like flu, pneumococcal diseases and Herpes zoster), the shift of age of infections which originally affected children (like measles), the decreasing protection with time for infections which need periodical booster doses of vaccines (Tdap), the availability of vaccines which can also impact on adult health (HPV) are only some examples of the importance of implementing targeted vaccination strategies...
August 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767813/-new-changes-old-systems-health-policies-in-mexico-and-colombia-in-the-21st-century
#3
Monica Uribe-Gómez
Recent years have witnessed discussion on the need for changes in the health systems of Latin America. This initiative, spearheaded once again by the World Bank as Universal Health Coverage, focuses on strategies for protection against financial risks and unified access to essential services and medicines. Although the World Bank approaches have been incorporated in different ways by the region's countries since the 1980s, there have also been important breaks with this trend, for example in Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, and Ecuador, which have sought at different times to implement policies and programs emphasizing non-market-driven values...
July 27, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762550/exploring-collaboration-in-a-community-academic-partnership
#4
Kala Mayer, Barbara Braband, Taylor Killen
OBJECTIVE: Community-academic relationships characterized by collaboration can contribute to the preparation of public health nursing students, sustainability of partnerships over time, and innovative solutions to pressing health problems. The purpose of this study was to describe and understand relationship characteristics in a community-academic partnership over time and how the relationship could be improved. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A descriptive case study was conducted...
August 1, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747149/public-health-interventions-school-nurse-practice-stories
#5
Linda J W Anderson, Marjorie A Schaffer, Cynthia Hiltz, Stacie A O'Leary, Ruth Ellen Luehr, Erika L Yoney
This study describes and analyzes school nurses' (SN) experiences with understanding and using public health interventions from the Public Health Intervention Wheel. The Wheel offers a model for naming interventions provided by SNs from a public health perspective. Research teams from academic and SN practice settings conducted six focus groups with school nurses from Minnesota. Participants were asked to share experiences through telling stories from their practice that represented a specific wedge of the Wheel...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742949/strategies-to-increase-the-efficacy-of-using-gut-microbiota-for-the-modulation-of-obesity
#6
REVIEW
J Li, M S Riaz Rajoka, D Shao, C Jiang, M Jin, Q Huang, H Yang, J Shi
Obesity is one of the most serious global public health challenges of the 21st century. The adjustment of gut microbiota is often recommended as an efficient strategy to treat obesity. This modulation of gut microbiota can be performed by many methods, including dietary intervention, antibiotic application, the use of prebiotics and probiotics, bariatric surgery and faecal microbiota transplantation. In most cases, positive effects have been observed in response to treatment, but invalid and even contrary effects have also been observed in some cases due to factors that are unrelated to intervention methods, such as genetic factors, patient age or gender, environmental microbiota, climate, geography and lifestyle...
July 25, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735772/silicon-to-syringe-cryptomarkets-and-disruptive-innovation-in-opioid-supply-chains
#7
Michael Gilbert, Nabarun Dasgupta
Cyptomarkets offer insight into the evolving interplay between online black markets and cartel-based distribution. The types and forms of heroin, fentanyl, and prescription drugs show wide diversification. In this commentary we describe changes in the conceptualizations, technologies and structures of drug supply chains in the 21st Century, with special attention to the role of cryptomarkets as tools, contexts, and drivers of innovation in public health research.
June 24, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729746/the-incidence-and-effects-of-alloimmunization-in-pregnancy-during-the-period-2000%C3%A2-%C3%A2-2013
#8
Marjana Jerković Raguž, Darinka Šumanovic Glamuzina, Jerko Brzica, Tonći Gruica
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the analysis was to examine the epidemiological aspects of maternal alloimmunization and to determine the most common antibody specificities resulting in hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective epidemiological study encompasses all pregnant women who underwent immunohematological screening and the newborn treated for HDN in the period from 2000 to 2013 in the Herzegovina region. RESULTS: The indirect Coombs test (ICT) detected antibodies against antigens in 384 (2...
July 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716376/improving-the-safety-of-health-information-technology-requires-shared-responsibility-it-is-time-we-all-step-up
#9
Dean F Sittig, Elisabeth Belmont, Hardeep Singh
In 2011, an Institute of Medicine report on health information technology (IT) and patient safety highlighted that building health-IT for safer use is a shared responsibility between key stakeholders including: "vendors, care providers, healthcare organizations, health-IT departments, and public and private agencies". Use of electronic health records (EHRs) involves all these stakeholders, but they often have conflicting priorities and requirements. Since 2011, the concept of shared responsibility has gained little traction and EHR developers and users continue to attribute the substantial, long list of problems to each other...
July 14, 2017: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678528/21st-century-toolkit-for-optimizing-population-health-through-precision-nutrition
#10
Aifric O'Sullivan, Bethany Henrick, Bonnie Dixon, Daniela Barile, Angela Zivkovic, Jennifer Smilowitz, Danielle Lemay, William Martin, J Bruce German, Sara Elizabeth Schaefer
Scientific, technological, and economic progress over the last 100 years all but eradicated problems of widespread food shortage and nutrient deficiency in developed nations. But now society is faced with a new set of nutrition problems related to energy imbalance and metabolic disease, which require new kinds of solutions. Recent developments in the area of new analytical tools enable us to systematically study large quantities of detailed and multidimensional metabolic and health data, providing the opportunity to address current nutrition problems through an approach called Precision Nutrition...
July 5, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677522/population-engagement-and-consultation-at-the-local-level-thailand-experience
#11
Weerasak Putthasri, Nanoot Mathurapote, Orapan Srisookwattana
The World Health Organization handbook on Strategizing National Health in the 21st Century has emphasized the importance of the process of population consultation on needs and expectations. According to Thailand National Health Act 2007, three innovative social tools for participatory healthy public policy process were proposed, i.e., health assembly, health impact assessment and health system statute (charter). In practice, population consultation process is required in the process of the tools implementation...
2017: World Health & Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587867/spatiotemporal-dynamics-of-influenza-a-h1n1-pdm09-in-brazil-during-the-pandemic-and-post-pandemic-periods
#12
Alessandra C B Manito, Tiago Gräf, Vagner R Lunge, Nilo Ikuta
Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 was responsible for the first global flu pandemic in 21st century affecting all the world. In Brazil, A(H1N1)pdm09 is still circulating as a seasonal virus, causing deaths every year. Nevertheless, the viral diffusion process that yearly seeds new influenza strains in the country was not investigated yet. The aim of the current study was to describe the phylodynamics and phylogeography of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 in Brazil between 2009 and 2014. Neuraminidase sequences from Brazil and other regions of the World were retrieved and analyzed...
June 3, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559652/mini-review-of-the-chin-shan-community-cardiovascular-cohort-study-in-population-health-research-in-taiwan
#13
REVIEW
Kuo-Liong Chien
Preventing and controlling non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is a growing global public health concern, and evidence-based data from population-based health studies are needed in order to develop appropriate public health policies for controlling NCDs. The Chin-Shan Community Cardiovascular Cohort (CCCC) study is a prospective cohort consisting of participants from one community in China in 1990-1991, and has provided substantial evidence-based data on domestic and global health issues in preventive cardiology fields...
May 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541278/sharing-data-under-the-21st-century-cures-act
#14
REVIEW
Mary A Majumder, Christi J Guerrini, Juli M Bollinger, Robert Cook-Deegan, Amy L McGuire
On 13 December 2016, President Obama signed the 21st Century Cures Act ("the Act") into law. Many of its provisions support the creation of an "Information Commons," an ecosystem of separate but interconnected initiatives that facilitate open and responsible sharing of genomic and other data for research and clinical purposes. For example, the Act supports the National Institutes of Health in mandating data sharing, provides funding and guidance for the large national cohort program now known as All of Us, expresses congressional support for a global pediatric study network, and strengthens patient access to health information...
May 25, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538924/bioethics-of-protection-a-health-practice-evaluation-tool
#15
Fermin Roland Schramm
Bioethics of protection (BP) was proposed in the early 21st century in bioethics, built in Latin America following attempts by researchers to work on the possibilities of public health policies being morally legitimate, socially fair (equitable) and respectful of human rights, after noting the limits of traditional bioethical tools, essentially implemented in and restricted to interpersonal conflicts between moral agents and patients involved in the practice of biomedicine. Methodologically, BP tries to negotiate distinct problematic disciplinary realms that are, however, interlinked through interdisciplinary dialogue and common concern with the quality of life of the human population, considered in its natural, technological, social and cultural contexts: Public Health, concerned with the health and well-being of individuals and populations; Bioethics, concerned primarily with the moral legitimacy of practices that affect their quality of life; Biopolitics, concerned with the social effects of health policies...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513762/water-fluoridation-in-brazilian-cities-at-the-first-decade-of-the-21st-century
#16
Paulo Frazão, Paulo Capel Narvai
OBJECTIVE: To assess the coverage of the fluoridation of the public water supply in Brazilian municipalities at the first decade of the 21st century, according to population size and municipal human development index (MHDI). METHODS: We have used data produced by national information agencies and the United Nations Development Programme. Population size was separated into < 10,000, 10,000-50,000, and > 50,000 inhabitants. The MHDI was classified into < 0...
May 15, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490289/combating-mutations-in-genetic-disease-and-drug-resistance-understanding-molecular-mechanisms-to-guide-drug-design
#17
REVIEW
Amanda T S Albanaz, Carlos H M Rodrigues, Douglas E V Pires, David B Ascher
Mutations introduce diversity into genomes, leading to selective changes and driving evolution. These changes have contributed to the emergence of many of the current major health concerns of the 21st century, from the development of genetic diseases and cancers to the rise and spread of drug resistance. The experimental systematic testing of all mutations in a system of interest is impractical and not cost-effective, which has created interest in the development of computational tools to understand the molecular consequences of mutations to aid and guide rational experimentation...
June 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483137/expanded-roles-of-registered-nurses-in-primary-care-delivery-of-the-future
#18
Laurie Bauer, Thomas Bodenheimer
BACKGROUND: Primary care in the United States is changing: practice size is increasing, there is a growing shortage of primary care practitioners, and there is a heightened prevalence of chronic disease. Given these trends, it is likely that registered nurses will become important members of the primary care team. PURPOSE: This paper explores the challenges and opportunities in primary care delivery in the 21st century and examines the likelihood of expanded roles for RNs to improve quality and add capacity to the primary care workforce...
April 7, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480668/osteoporosis-a-future-public-health-problem-for-israel-medical-and-legal-obligations
#19
George M Weisz
Starvation in early life can lead to premature metabolic syndrome and bone demineralization. Osteoporosis in the Jewish population may not yet be a recognized syndrome, but the harsh conditions to which Holocaust survivors were exposed may have increased the incidence of the condition. Immigrants and refugees who came to Israel from East Africa and Yemen - whether decades ago or more recently - may have been at increased risk of under-nutrition during pregnancy, affecting both the mother and consequently the offspring...
April 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457072/the-dedicated-enough-doctor-the-limits-of-medical-altruism-in-the-21st-century
#20
Peter Gilbey, Mary C J Rudolf, Sivan Spitzer-Shohat, Anthony Luder
The unique characteristics of the next generation of medical professionals in Israel and the current model of physician employment in the country may pose a real threat to the high quality of both public clinical care and medical education in the near future, and to the continued flourishing of clinical research. According to the Israel Medical Association's general obligations for Israeli physicians, the doctor should place the patient's interests foremost in his or her mind, before any other issue. This has led many to believe that selflessness or altruism should be among a physician's core values...
December 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
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