keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Candida parapsilosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904931/isolation-of-candida-species-from-gastroesophageal-lesions-among-pediatrics-in-isfahan-iran-identification-and-antifungal-susceptibility-testing-of-clinical-isolates-by-e-test
#1
Fatemeh Salehi, Mehran Esmaeili, Rasoul Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Candida species can become opportunistic pathogens causing local or systemic invasive infections. Gastroesophageal candidiasis may depend on the Candida colonization and local damage of the mucosal barrier. Risk factors are gastric acid suppression, diabetes mellitus, chronic debilitating states such as carcinomas, and the use of systemic antibiotics and corticosteroids. The aim of this study is collection and molecular identification of Candida species from gastroesophageal lesions among pediatrics in Isfahan, and determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ranges for clinical isolates...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902290/effect-of-secondary-infection-on-epithelialisation-and-total-healing-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-lesions
#2
Liliane de Fátima Antonio, Marcelo Rosandiski Lyra, Maurício Naoto Saheki, Armando de Oliveira Schubach, Luciana de Freitas Campos Miranda, Maria de Fátima Madeira, Maria Cristina da Silva Lourenço, Aline Fagundes, Érica Aparecida Dos Santos Ribeiro, Leonardo Barreto, Maria Inês Fernandes Pimentel
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) generally presents with a single or several localised cutaneous ulcers without involvement of mucous membranes. Ulcerated lesions are susceptible to secondary contamination that may slow the healing process. OBJECTIVE: This study verified the influence of non-parasitic wound infection on wound closure (epithelialisation) and total healing. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with a confirmed diagnosis of CL and ulcerated lesions underwent biopsy of ulcer borders...
September 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886952/clinical-manifestations-of-candidemia-caused-by-uncommon-candida-species-and-antifungal-susceptibility-of-the-isolates-in-a-regional-hospital-in-taiwan-2007-2014
#3
Wei-Lun Liu, Chih-Cheng Lai, Ming-Chi Li, Chi-Jung Wu, Wen-Chien Ko, Yi-Li Hung, Hung-Jen Tang, Po-Ren Hsueh
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study investigated clinical manifestations of candidemia caused by uncommon Candida species and antifungal susceptibility of the isolates in a regional hospital in Taiwan. METHODS: The uncommon Candida species was initially defined as Candida species other than C. albicans, C. tropicalis, C. glabrata complex, C. parapsilosis complex and C. krusei. All uncommon Candida isolates were identified and confirmed by molecular methods. In vitro susceptibility testing of the uncommon Candida species to nine antifungal agents was conducted using the broth microdilution method with the Sensititre YeastOne (SYO) system (Trek Diagnostic Systems, Ltd...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884129/candidemia-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-retrospective-observational-survey-and-analysis-of-literature-data
#4
Giuseppina Caggiano, Grazia Lovero, Osvalda De Giglio, Giovanna Barbuti, Osvaldo Montagna, Nicola Laforgia, Maria Teresa Montagna
We evaluated the epidemiology of Candida bloodstream infections in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of an Italian university hospital during a 9-year period as a means of quantifying the burden of infection and identifying emerging trends. Clinical data were searched for in the microbiological laboratory database. For comparative purposes, we performed a review of NICU candidemia. Forty-one candidemia cases were reviewed (overall incidence, 3.0 per 100 admissions). Candida parapsilosis sensu stricto (58...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876392/antifungal-and-antioxidant-activity-of-fatty-acid-methyl-esters-from-vegetable-oils
#5
Maria E A Pinto, Sthéfane G Araújo, Marcela I Morais, Nívea P Sá, Caroline M Lima, Carlos A Rosa, Ezequias P Siqueira, Susana Johann, Luciana A R S Lima
Fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) were obtained from vegetable oils of soybean, corn and sunflower. The current study was focused on evaluating the antifungal activity of FAMEs mainly against Paracoccidioides spp., as well as testing the interaction of these compounds with commercial antifungal drugs and also their antioxidant potential. FAMEs presented small IC50 values (1.86-9.42 μg/mL). All three FAMEs tested showed antifungal activity against isolates of Paracoccidioides spp. with MIC values ranging from 15...
August 31, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872735/in-vitro-efficacy-of-disinfectants-utilised-for-skin-decolonization-and-environmental-decontamination-during-a-hospital-outbreak-with-candida-auris
#6
A Abdolrasouli, D Armstrong-James, L Ryan, S Schelenz
Candida auris has caused nosocomial infections and transmissions within hospital settings. As little is known about the efficacy of skin and environmental decontamination products to kill C. auris this study investigated the in vitro activity of chlorine, chlorhexidine, iodine povidone and vaporized hydrogen peroxide products against C. auris. H2 O2 vapour showed 96.6-100% effective killing of C. auris. All isolates were inhibited by chlorhexidine gluconate concentrations at 0.125 to 1.5% and for iodinated povidone at 0...
September 5, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872714/microbial-epidemiology-of-candidemia-in-neonatal-and-pediatric-intensive-care-units-at-children-s-medical-center-tehran
#7
Arezu Charsizadeh, Hossein Mirhendi, Bahram Nikmanesh, Hamid Eshaghi, Koichi Makimura
Invasive candidiasis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children. However, limited data is available on the epidemiology of this infection in pediatric settings in Iran. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence, microbial epidemiology, risk factors, and clinical outcomes associated with candidemia in intensive care units at Children's Medical Center, Tehran, Iran. All blood and other normally sterile specimen cultures positive for Candida species, were included. Isolates were identified by morphological and molecular methods...
September 5, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872706/candida-bloodstream-infections-in-serbia-first-multi-center-report-of-a-national-prospective-observational-survey-in-intensive-care-units
#8
Valentina Arsić Arsenijević, Suzana Otašević, Dragana Janić, Predrag Minić, Jovan Matijašević, Deana Medić, Ivanka Savić, Snežana Delić, Suzana Laban Nestorović, Zorica Vasiljević, Mirjana Hadnadjev
Candida bloodstream infections (BSI) are a significant cause of mortality in intensive care units (ICU), hereof the prospective twelve-months (2014-2015) hospital and laboratory-based survey was performed at the Serbian National Reference Medical Mycology Laboratory (NRMML). Candida identification was done by a matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and a susceptibility test, according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute methodology. Among 9 centers (265 beds; 10...
September 5, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870262/virulence-factors-antifungal-susceptibility-and-molecular-mechanisms-of-azole-resistance-among-candida-parapsilosis-complex-isolates-recovered-from-clinical-specimens
#9
Sourour Neji, Ines Hadrich, Houaida Trabelsi, Salma Abbes, Fatma Cheikhrouhou, Hayet Sellami, Fattouma Makni, Ali Ayadi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the biofilm formation, the extracellular enzymatic activities of 182 clinical isolates of the Candida parapsilosis complex. METHODS: Molecular identification of the C. parapsilosis species complex was performed using PCR RFLP of SADH gene and PCR sequencing of ITS region. The susceptibility of ours isolates to antifungal agents and molecular mechanisms underlying azole resistance were evaluated. RESULTS: 63...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869083/antifungal-effect-of-cow-s-urine-distillate-on-candida-species
#10
J M Hoh, B Dhanashree
BACKGROUND: Increase in resistance of Candida species, to routinely used antifungal agents has necessitated the quest for new drugs. Few studies have revealed that cow's urine can suppress the growth of pathogenic fungi. However there is no published report on antifungal effects of cow's urine on clinical Candida isolates. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims at exploring the antifungal potential of cow's urine on clinical isolates of Candida species. MATERIAL & METHODS: In this in-vitro experimental study four standard strains and 37 clinical isolates of Candida species were tested for their susceptibility to amphotericin B, fluconazole and voriconazole, by disk diffusion method...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867945/genetic-biochemical-nutritional-and-antimicrobial-characteristics-of-pomegranate-punica-granatum-l-%C3%A2-grown-in-istria
#11
Ana Miklavčič Višnjevec, Ajda Ota, Mihaela Skrt, Bojan Butinar, Sonja Smole Možina, Nina Gunde Cimerman, Marijan Nečemer, Alenka Baruca Arbeiter, Matjaž Hladnik, Marin Krapac, Dean Ban, Milena Bučar-Miklavčič, Nataša Poklar Ulrih, Dunja Bandelj
This study characterises the genetic variability of local pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) germplasm from the Slovenian and Croatian areas of Istria. The bioactive components and antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of ethanol and water extracts of different parts of pomegranate fruit were also determined, along with their preliminary nutritional characterisation. Twenty-six different genotypes identified with microsatellite analysis indicate the great diversity of pomegranate in Istria. The pomegranate fruit ethanol extracts represent rich sources of phenolic compounds (mean value of the mass fraction in exocarp and mesocarp expressed as gallic acid is 23 and 16 mg/g, respectively)...
June 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852411/prevalence-etiology-and-risk-factors-of-tinea-pedis-and-tinea-unguium-in-tunisia
#12
Nourchène Toukabri, Cyrine Dhieb, Dalenda El Euch, Mustapha Rouissi, Mourad Mokni, Najla Sadfi-Zouaoui
BACKGROUND: Foot mycoses are a frequent disease that represents a public health problem worldwide. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the epidemiology of foot mycoses among Tunisian patients, in order to determine the fungal etiological agents and to identify possible risk factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study of three hundred and ninety-two patients was undertaken during one year (2013-2014). All subjects were asked to collect demographic data related to the risk factors of foot mycoses...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843335/the-identification-of-meyerozyma-guilliermondii-from-blood-cultures-and-surveillance-samples-in-a-university-hospital-in-northeast-turkey-a-ten-year-survey
#13
N Cebeci Güler, I Tosun, F Aydin
Meyerozyma (Pichia) guilliermondii exists in human skin and mucosal surface microflora. It can cause severe fungal infections like candidemia, which is an opportunistic pathogen. One hundred and forty-one M. guilliermondii isolates, consisting of 122 blood culture isolates, belonging to 126 patients; 13 total parenteral nutrition solution isolates; and two rectal swab isolates were identified according to carbohydrate assimilation reactions in a university hospital in Turkey between January 2006 and December 2015...
August 23, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838629/in-vitro-antifungal-activity-of-cassia-fistula-extracts-against-fluconazole-resistant-strains-of-candida-species-from-hiv-patients
#14
P Sony, M Kalyani, D Jeyakumari, I Kannan, R G Sukumar
BACKGROUND: Candida species is the fourth common cause of blood stream infections all over the world which is life threatening. Invasive candidiasis leads to increased mortality and morbidity especially in immunosuppressed. The antifungal resistance pattern in high-risk patients is major concern. PURPOSE: The present study was to access the anticandidal activity of leaves, bark and seeds of Cassia fistula against fluconazole resistant Candida species, C. albicans, C...
August 21, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837732/candida-species-from-eye-infections-drug-susceptibility-virulence-factors-and-molecular-characterization
#15
Konduri Ranjith, Bhavani Sontam, Savitri Sharma, Joveeta Joseph, Kanchana N Chathoth, Kalyana C Sama, Somasheila I Murthy, Sisinthy Shivaji
Purpose: To determine the type of Candida species in ocular infections and to investigate the relationship of antifungal susceptibility profile to virulence factors. Methods: Fifty isolates of yeast-like fungi from patients with keratitis, endophthalmitis, and orbital cellulitis were identified by Vitek-2 compact system and DNA sequencing of ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 regions of the rRNA gene, followed by phylogenetic analysis for phenotypic and genotypic identification, respectively...
August 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836309/epidemiology-and-prognosis-of-candidaemia-in-elderly-patients
#16
Antonio Ramos-Martínez, Natalia Vicente-López, Isabel Sánchez-Romero, Belén Padilla, Paloma Merino-Amador, José Garnacho-Montero, Isabel Ruiz-Camps, Miguel Montejo, Miguel Salavert, José Mensa, Manuel Cuenca-Estrella
The aim of the study was to analyse the epidemiology and prognosis of candidaemia in elderly patients. We performed a comparison of clinical presentation of candidaemia according to age and a study of hazard factors within a prospective programme performed in 29 hospitals. One hundred and seventy-six episodes occurred in elderly patients (>75 years), 227 episodes in middle-aged patients (61-75 years) and 232 episodes in younger patients (16-60 years). Central venous catheter, parenteral nutrition, neutropenia, immunosuppressive therapy and candidaemia caused by Candida parapsilosis were less frequent in elderly patients...
August 23, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827635/eukaryotic-transporters-for-hydroxyderivatives-of-benzoic-acid
#17
Andrea Cillingová, Igor Zeman, Renáta Tóth, Martina Neboháčová, Ivana Dunčková, Mária Hölcová, Michaela Jakúbková, Gabriela Gérecová, Leszek P Pryszcz, Ľubomír Tomáška, Toni Gabaldón, Attila Gácser, Jozef Nosek
Several yeast species catabolize hydroxyderivatives of benzoic acid. However, the nature of carriers responsible for transport of these compounds across the plasma membrane is currently unknown. In this study, we analyzed a family of genes coding for permeases belonging to the major facilitator superfamily (MFS) in the pathogenic yeast Candida parapsilosis. Our results revealed that these transporters are functionally equivalent to bacterial aromatic acid: H(+) symporters (AAHS) such as GenK, MhbT and PcaK...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827419/antifungal-activity-of-scy-078-and-standard-antifungal-agents-against-178-clinical-isolates-of-resistant-and-susceptible-candida-species
#18
Wiley A Schell, A M Jones, Katyna Borroto-Esoda, Barbara D Alexander
SCY-078 in vitro activity was determined for 178 isolates of resistant and susceptible C. albicans, C. dubliniensis, C. glabrata, C. krusei, C. lusitaniae, and C. parapsilosis, including 44 Candida isolates having known genotypic (FKS1 or FKS2 mutations), phenotypic or clinical resistance to echinocandins. Results were compared to those for anidulafungin, caspofungin, micafungin, fluconazole and voriconazole. SCY-078 was shown to have excellent activity against both wild-type isolates and echinocandin- and azole-resistant isolates of Candida species...
August 21, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826987/in-vitro-potency-and-fungicidal-activity-of-cd101-a-novel-echinocandin-against-recent-clinical-isolates-of-candida-spp
#19
Danielle Hall, Robert Bonifas, Lauretta Stapert, Mary Thwaites, Dean L Shinabarger, Chris M Pillar
Candida infections vary in severity and manifestation. Common infections include invasive bloodstream infections among hospitalized/immunocompromised patients and vulvovaginal candidiasis among women. Echinocandins and azoles are commonly utilized to treat Candida infections, although echinocandin use has been restricted to indications amenable to once-daily IV administration. CD101, a novel echinocandin with a long plasma half-life and enhanced stability, is in development for once-weekly IV administration for the treatment of candidemia and invasive candidiasis...
July 21, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822705/anti-dermatophyte-activity-of-leguminosae-plants-from-southern-brazil-with-emphasis-on-mimosa-pigra-leguminosae
#20
C B de Morais, M Scopel, G P R Pedrazza, F K da Silva, D F Dalla Lana, M L Tonello, S T S Miotto, M M Machado, L F S De Oliveira, A M Fuentefria, J A S Zuanazzi
BACKGROUND: Intensive prophylactic use of antifungals leads to the increase of drug resistance and the need for new and more effective treatments are real. Plants from Leguminosae family are rich in flavonoids, for which numerous biological activities have been described, including antifungal effects. PURPOSE: To screen methanolic extracts from Leguminosae species looking for alternative sources for antifungal agents (anti-dermatophyte and anti-Candida) and their innocuity...
August 16, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
keyword
keyword
13608
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"