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Suicidal Ideation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923088/prevalence-of-depression-depressive-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-among-medical-students-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Lisa S Rotenstein, Marco A Ramos, Matthew Torre, J Bradley Segal, Michael J Peluso, Constance Guille, Srijan Sen, Douglas A Mata
Importance: Medical students are at high risk for depression and suicidal ideation. However, the prevalence estimates of these disorders vary between studies. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation in medical students. Data Sources and Study Selection: Systematic search of EMBASE, ERIC, MEDLINE, psycARTICLES, and psycINFO without language restriction for studies on the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, or suicidal ideation in medical students published before September 17, 2016...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922921/the-effects-of-muscle-relaxation-and-therapeutic-walking-on-depression-suicidal-ideation-and-quality-of-life-in-breast-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy
#2
Fan-Ko Sun, Chao-Ming Hung, YuChun Yao, Chu-Yun Lu, Chun-Ying Chiang
BACKGROUND: The suicide rate of cancer patients is high in Taiwan. Breast cancer has a high incidence rate and is the leading cause of cancer in women. There is a lack of research examining breast cancer-related depression, suicidal ideation, and quality of life. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effects of muscle relaxation and therapeutic walking on depression, suicidal ideation, and quality of life in breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: An experimental approach was adopted...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919307/patterns-and-correlates-of-major-depression-in-chinese-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-of-0-5-million-men-and-women
#3
Y Chen, D Bennett, R Clarke, Y Guo, C Yu, Z Bian, L Ma, Y Huang, Q Sun, N Zhang, X Zheng, J Chen, R Peto, K S Kendler, L Li, Z Chen
BACKGROUND: Worldwide 350 million people suffer from major depression, with the majority of cases occurring in low- and middle-income countries. We examined the patterns, correlates and care-seeking behaviour of adults suffering from major depressive episode (MDE) in China. METHOD: A nationwide study recruited 512 891 adults aged 30-79 years from 10 provinces across China during 2004-2008. The 12-month prevalence of MDE was assessed by the Modified Composite International Diagnostic Interview-short form...
December 6, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919303/mental-illness-stigma-and-suicidality-the-role-of-public-and-individual-stigma
#4
N Oexle, T Waldmann, T Staiger, Z Xu, N Rüsch
AIMS: Suicide rates are increased among unemployed individuals and mental illness stigma can contribute to both unemployment and suicidality. Persons with mental illness perceive negative attitudes among the general public and experience discrimination in their everyday life (=public stigma components) potentially leading to self-stigma and anticipated discrimination (=individual stigma components). Previous research found evidence for an association between aspects of mental illness stigma and suicidality, but has not yet clarified the underlying pathways explaining how different stigma components interact and contribute to suicidal ideation...
December 6, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917458/a-test-of-the-perfectionism-social-disconnection-model-among-ethnic-minority-youth
#5
Ana B Goya Arce, Antonio J Polo
Perfectionistic self-presentation (PSP) has been identified as a vulnerability factor in the development of depressive disorders during early adolescence. The Perfectionism Social Disconnection Model (PSDM) offers a theoretical framework suggesting PSP leads to depressive symptoms via interpersonal problems and social disconnection. Previous studies have supported the role of social disconnection as a mediator in the relation between PSP and suicidal ideation, but have not evaluated interpersonal problems in the model...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917142/perceived-interpersonal-burdensomeness-as-a-mediator-between-nightmare-distress-and-suicidal-ideation-in-nightmare-sufferers
#6
Sooyeon Suh, Matthew Schneider, Ruda Lee, Thomas Joiner
Previous studies have supported the significant association between nightmares and suicidal ideation, but the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. The purpose of the present study was to investigate perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness as mediators in the relationship between nightmare distress and suicidal ideation. This sample consisted of 301 undergraduate students who endorsed experiencing nightmares (mean age 21.87 ± 2.17, 78.1% female). All participants completed questionnaires on nightmare distress (Nightmare Distress Questionnaire), unmet interpersonal needs (Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire), and suicidal ideation (Depressive Symptom Inventory - Suicidality Subscale)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914973/victimization-suicidal-ideation-and-alcohol-use-from-age-13-to-15-years-support-for-the-self-medication-model
#7
Shawn Marschall-Lévesque, Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, Sophie Parent, Johanne Renaud, Frank Vitaro, Michel Boivin, Richard E Tremblay, Jean R Séguin
PURPOSE: Recent years have seen increased coverage of adolescent victimization and suicide. Both adolescent peer victimization and substance use have been associated with suicidal ideation, with evidence suggesting that all three factors are interrelated. There are at least four models which can explain the associations between these factors (i.e., self-medication, secondary mental disorder, bidirectional, and common factor). However, none of them is being empirically supported as the dominant model because few longitudinal studies have explored the association between these factors...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913272/the-northeast-regional-sps-meeting-update-safety-pharmacology-innovations-and-applications
#8
REVIEW
Malar Pannirselvam, Tiffini Brabham, Alfred W Botchway, Donald B Hodges, Martin Traebert, Michael K Pugsley
The Safety Pharmacology Society (SPS) held a Northeast (NE) regional meeting in Boston, MA on May 13, 2016 at the Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated site. There were 103 attendees from the pharmaceutical industry, contract research organizations (CROs), academia, and global regulatory agencies. An assortment of scientific topics were presented by 7 speakers that included broad topics in the cardiovascular (organ on chip, statistical power and translation of rat cardiovascular telemetry data and dual inhibition of IKr and IKs on QT interval prolongation) and central nervous system (in vitro platform for neurotoxicity, an integrated risk assessment of suicidal ideation and behavior, and EEG advances in safety pharmacology) and a novel topic discussing preclinical challenges faced in the development of a novel gene therapy...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909451/gender-differences-in-somatic-symptoms-and-current-suicidal-risk-in-outpatients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#9
Hong Jin Jeon, Jong-Min Woo, Hyo-Jin Kim, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon, Seong Jin Cho, Sung Man Chang, Doo-Heum Park, Jong Woo Kim, Ikki Yoo, Jung-Yoon Heo, Jin Pyo Hong
OBJECTIVE: Although somatic symptoms are common complaints of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), their associations with suicide are still unclear. METHODS: A total of 811 MDD outpatients of aged between 18 to 64 years were enrolled nationwide in Korea with the suicidality module of the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the Depression and Somatic Symptom Scale (DSSS). RESULTS: On stepwise regression analysis, current suicidality scores were most strongly associated with chest pain in men, and neck or shoulder pain in women...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909449/association-between-dsm-iv-anxiety-disorders-and-suicidal-behaviors-in-a-community-sample-of-south-korean-adults
#10
Seong-Jin Cho, Jin Pyo Hong, Jun-Young Lee, Jeong Soo Im, Kyoung-Sae Na, Jee Eun Park, Maeng Je Cho
OBJECTIVE: There are conflicting reports about whether individual anxiety disorders are independently associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. We examined whether anxiety disorders are related to suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in a community sample of South Korean adults. METHODS: In-person interviews based on the South Korean version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview were conducted to diagnose mental disorders. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to examine whether anxiety disorders were associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902944/psychiatric-disorders-suicidal-ideation-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-post-deployment-veterans-who-utilize-digital-social-media-for-sexual-partner-seeking
#11
Jack L Turban, Marc N Potenza, Rani A Hoff, Steve Martino, Shane W Kraus
INTRODUCTION: Digital social media platforms represent outlets through which individuals may find partners for sexual encounters. Using a sample of US post-deployment military veterans, the current study evaluated the prevalence of digital sex seeking as well as clinical correlates of psychopathology, suicidal ideation, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). METHODS: Using data from a baseline telephone interview and follow-up internet-based survey, we examined the prevalence of sexual partnering via digital social media platforms in a national sample of 283 US combat veterans...
November 17, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898373/thwarted-belongingness-as-an-explanatory-link-between-insomnia-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-findings-from-three-samples-of-military-service-members-and-veterans
#12
Melanie A Hom, Carol Chu, Matthew E Schneider, Ingrid C Lim, Jameson K Hirsch, Peter M Gutierrez, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Although insomnia has been identified as a robust predictor of suicidal ideation and behaviors, little is known about the mechanisms by which sleep disturbances confer risk for suicide. We investigated thwarted belongingness as an explanatory link between insomnia symptoms and suicidal ideation across three military service member and veteran samples. METHODS: Data were collected among United States military service members and veterans (N1=937, N2=3,386, N3=417) who completed self-report measures of insomnia symptoms, thwarted belongingness, suicidal ideation, and related psychiatric symptoms (e...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897318/medically-documented-suicide-ideation-among-u-s-army-soldiers
#13
Robert J Ursano, Ronald C Kessler, Murray B Stein, James A Naifeh, Matthew K Nock, Pablo A Aliaga, Carol S Fullerton, Gary H Wynn, Tsz Hin Hinz Ng, Hieu M Dinh, Nancy A Sampson, Tzu-Cheg Kao, Michael Schoenbaum, James E McCarroll, Kenneth L Cox, Steven G Heeringa
We used administrative data to examine predictors of medically documented suicide ideation (SI) among Regular Army soldiers from 2006 through 2009 (N = 10,466 ideators, 124,959 control person-months). Enlisted ideators (97.8% of all cases) were more likely than controls to be female, younger, older when entering service, less educated, never or previously deployed, and have a recent mental health diagnosis. Officer ideators were more likely than controls to be female, younger, younger when entering service, never married, and have a recent mental health diagnosis...
November 29, 2016: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896676/what-is-the-incidence-of-suicide-in-patients-with-bone-and-soft-tissue-cancer-suicide-and-sarcoma
#14
Brianna L Siracuse, George Gorgy, Jeremy Ruskin, Kathleen S Beebe
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer in the United States are estimated to have a suicide incidence that is approximately twice that of the general population. Patients with bone and soft tissue cancer often have physical impairments and activity limitations develop that reduce their quality of life, which may put them at high risk for depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation. To our knowledge, there have been no large studies determining incidence of suicide among patients with bone and soft tissue cancer; this information might allow screening of certain high-risk groups...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896587/psychological-and-behavioral-issues-in-the-management-of-migraine-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
REVIEW
William Qubty, Amy A Gelfand
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: It is sometimes assumed that children and adolescents with migraine have a psychiatric or behavioral comorbidity, a belief that can be stigmatizing. This review will examine the recent literature addressing this area to determine if pediatric and adolescent migraineurs are at increased risk for psychiatric comorbidity and to discuss management strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: A large systematic review of pediatric and adolescent studies concluded anxiety and depression were not associated with onset of recurrent headaches...
December 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894037/psychopathology-profiles-of-acutely-suicidal-adolescents-associations-with-post-discharge-suicide-attempts-and-rehospitalization
#16
Johnny Berona, Adam G Horwitz, Ewa K Czyz, Cheryl A King
BACKGROUND: Suicidal adolescents are heterogeneous, which can pose difficulties in predicting suicidal behavior. The Youth Self-Report (YSR) psychopathology profiles predict the future onset of psychopathology and suicide-related outcomes. The present study examined the prevalence and correlates of YSR psychopathology profiles among suicidal adolescents and prospective associations with post-discharge rates of suicide attempts and psychiatric rehospitalization. METHODS: Participants were acutely suicidal, psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents (N=433 at baseline; n=355 at follow-up) who were enrolled in a psychosocial intervention trial during hospitalization...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894002/polymorphism-in-crhr1-gene-affects-the-il-1%C3%AE-levels-in-suicidal-attempters
#17
Clarissa R Bastos, Marta Gazal, Luciana de A Quevedo, Joice Luisa Costa, Carolina D Wiener, Karen Jansen, Christian Loret de Mola, Jean P Oses, Luciano D M Souza, Luiz Valmor Portela, Ricardo T Pinheiro, Ricardo A da Silva, Diogo R Lara, Gabriele Ghisleni
Approximately one million people commit suicide every year, being suicide attempts and ideation even more common. Changes in stress response and activation of the immune system have been associated with suicide risk. Here we investigated the interaction between immune system and HPA axis alterations in the suicide risk, looking for the influence of rs110402 CRHR1 SNP in the IL-1β levels according to suicide ideation and attempt. This study evaluated 171 subjects of which 15 had suicidal ideation, 20 had suicide attempt and 136 were controls...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893032/effect-of-group-vs-individual-cognitive-processing-therapy-in-active-duty-military-seeking-treatment-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Patricia A Resick, Jennifer Schuster Wachen, Katherine A Dondanville, Kristi E Pruiksma, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Alan L Peterson, Jim Mintz, Elisa V Borah, Antoinette Brundige, Elizabeth A Hembree, Brett T Litz, John D Roache, Stacey Young-McCaughan
Importance: Cognitive processing therapy (CPT), an evidence-based treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), has not been tested as an individual treatment among active-duty military. Group CPT may be an efficient way to deliver treatment. Objective: To determine the effects of CPT on PTSD and co-occurring symptoms and whether they differ when administered in an individual or a group format. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this randomized clinical trial, 268 active-duty servicemembers consented to assessment at an army medical center from March 8, 2012, to September 23, 2014, and were randomized to group or individual CPT...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892842/complicated-grief-after-suicide-bereavement-and-other-causes-of-death
#19
Ilanit Tal, Christine Mauro, Charles F Reynolds, M Katherine Shear, Naomi Simon, Barry Lebowitz, Natalia Skritskaya, Yuanjia Wang, Xin Qiu, Alana Iglewicz, Danielle Glorioso, Julie Avanzino, Julie Loebach Wetherell, Jordan F Karp, Don Robinaugh, Sidney Zisook
We compared baseline demographic characteristics, clinical features, and grief-related thoughts, feelings and behaviors of individuals bereaved by suicide, accident/homicide and natural causes participating in a complicated grief (CG) treatment clinical trial. Severity of CG and depression and current depression diagnosis did not vary by loss type. After adjusting for baseline demographic features, time since death and relationship to the deceased, those with CG after suicide had the highest rates of lifetime depression, pre-loss passive suicidal ideation, self-blaming thoughts, and impaired work and social adjustment...
November 28, 2016: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890542/social-capital-and-suicidal-ideation-in-community-dwelling-older-residents-a-multilevel-analysis-of-10-094-subjects-in-japan
#20
Masayuki Noguchi, Tomoko Kobayashi, Toshihide Iwase, Etsuji Suzuki, Ichiro Kawachi, Soshi Takao
OBJECTIVE: Social capital, the collective resources of groups including perceptions of trust and reciprocity, is recognized as an important contributor to suicide. We examined the association of individual- and community-level social capital with suicidal ideation after adjusting for social support among older adults living in the community. METHODS: In August 2010 we sent questionnaires to all residents aged 65 years and older living in 3 rural municipalities (N = 21,232) in Okayama Prefecture, Japan; 13,919 questionnaires were returned (response rate: 65...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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