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Suicidal Ideation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527083/shared-mechanisms-of-epilepsy-migraine-and-affective-disorders
#1
Davide Zarcone, Simona Corbetta
Since the nineteenth century several clinical features have been observed in common between migraine and epilepsy (such as episodic attacks, triggering factors, presence of aura, frequent familiarity), but only in recent years researchers have really engaged in finding a common pathogenic mechanism. From studies of disease incidence, we understand how either migraine among patients with epilepsy or epilepsy among migraine patients are more frequent than in the general population. This association may result from a direct causality, by the same environmental risk factors and/or by a common genetic susceptibility...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525821/effect-of-exercise-augmentation-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-suicidal-ideation-and-depression
#2
Abbas Abdollahi, Daniel M LeBouthillier, Mahmoud Najafi, Gordon J G Asmundson, Simin Hosseinian, Shahriar Shahidi, Per Carlbring, Atefeh Kalhori, Hassan Sadeghi, Marzieh Jalili
BACKGROUND: Suicidal ideation and depression are prevalent and costly conditions that reduce quality of life. This study was designed to determine the efficacy of exercise as an adjunct to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for suicidal ideation and depression among depressed individuals. METHODS: In a randomized clinical trial, 54 mildly to moderately depressed patients (54% female, mean age=48.25) were assigned to a combined CBT and exercise group or to a CBT only group...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524755/construction-of-suicidal-ideation-in-medical-records
#3
Dariusz Galasiński, Justyna Ziółkowska
In this paper we are interested in exploring discursive transformation of patients' stories
of suicidal ideation into medical discourses. In other words, we focus on how the narrated experience of suicidal thoughts made during the psychiatric assessment interview is recorded in the patients' medical record. Our data come from recordings of psychiatric interviews, as well as the doctors' notes in the medical records made after the interviews, collected in psychiatric hospitals in Poland. Assuming a constructionist view of discourse, we demonstrate that lived experience of suicide ideation resulting in stories of a complex and homogeneous group of "thoughts" is reduced to brief statements of fact of presence/existence...
May 19, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522433/beneficial-and-harmful-effects-of-educative-suicide-prevention-websites-randomised-controlled-trial-exploring-papageno-v-werther-effects
#4
Benedikt Till, Ulrich S Tran, Martin Voracek, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler
BackgroundSuicide prevention organisations frequently use websites to educate the public, but evaluations of these websites are lacking.AimsTo examine the effects of educative websites and the moderating effect of participant vulnerability.MethodA total of 161 adults were randomised to either view an educative website on suicide prevention or an unrelated website in a single-blinded randomised controlled trial (trial registration with the American Economic Association's registry: RCT-ID: 000924). The primary outcome was suicidal ideation; secondary outcomes were mood, suicide-prevention-related knowledge and attitudes towards suicide/seeking professional help...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521846/measures-of-suicidality-in-phase-3-clinical-trials-of-levomilnacipran-er-in-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder
#5
Michael E Thase, Carl Gommoll, Changzheng Chen, Kenneth Kramer, Arif Khan, Suresh Durgam
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of levomilnacipran extended-release (ER) on suicidal ideation and behavior in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Post hoc analyses were conducted in patients from 4 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials and a long-term, open-label extension study of levomilnacipran ER (40-120 mg/d) in adults with MDD. Analyses included incidence of suicide-related treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs); incidence of Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) suicidal ideation (score=1-5) and behavior (score=6-10); percent of patients who shifted from no C-SSRS suicidal ideation/behavior at baseline to suicidal ideation during treatment (worsened from score=0 to score=1-5), or vice-versa (improved from score=1-5 to score=0)...
May 19, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521647/a-qualitative-investigation-of-lay-perspectives-of-diagnosis-and-self-management-strategies-employed-by-people-with-progressive-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Julia Frost, Jane Grose, Nicky Britten
This article explores how people with progressive multiple sclerosis give meaning to their experiences. It builds upon the self-management literature, which has captured the tension between the desire for retaining normalcy and the increasing burden of self-management associated with chronic disease progression. This repeat interview study is empirically grounded in 28 interviews with 14 people with progressive multiple sclerosis. We identified gender differences in diagnosis-seeking which impacted subsequent sense-making...
May 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521111/the-role-of-gender-in-suicidal-ideation-among-long-term-opioid-users
#7
Kirsten Marchand, Heather Palis, Jill Fikowski, Scott Harrison, Patricia Spittal, Martin T Schechter, Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine factors associated with suicidal ideation among people with opioid dependence and to explore whether these factors are gender-specific. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected among long-term opioid-dependent individuals ( n = 176; 46.0% women). Lifetime histories of suicidal ideation were measured using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, and additional data were collected regarding sociodemographic characteristics, drug use, health, and adverse life events...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516857/co-occurring-cyberbullying-and-school-bullying-victimization-and-associations-with-mental-health-problems-among-canadian-middle-and-high-school-students
#8
Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga
This study examined the associations between co-occurring cyberbullying and school bullying victimization with poor self-rated mental health, psychological distress, and suicidal ideation and attempts among 4,886 Canadian students in Grades 7-12 and tested whether these associations differed between middle and high school students. There are 12.2% of students who were victims of both cyberbullying and school bullying. After adjusting for covariates, victims of both cyberbullying and school bullying presented the highest odds of poor self-rated mental health (odds ratio [OR] = 5...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515549/evaluation-of-modified-patient-health-questionnaire-9-teen-in-south-african-adolescents
#9
Shilpa Aggarwal, Lian Taljard, Zane Wilson, Michael Berk
BACKGROUND: This report describes the findings of the survey conducted by South African Depression and Anxiety Group (SADAG) in a cohort of disadvantaged South African adolescent scholars in which PHQ-9 teen version was modified and adapted (PHQ-9M) to improve the response rate. METHOD: PHQ-9M was administered to 2025 secondary students of 35 schools over 2 years in Gauteng Province, South Africa. RESULTS: The mean age was 15.8 years. 23% of respondents scored 9 or above, 26...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513817/loss-of-permanent-employment-and-its-association-with-suicidal-ideation-a-cohort-study-in-south-korea
#10
Seohyun Yoon, Ja Young Kim, Jooyoung Park, Seung-Sup Kim
Objective Precarious employment is associated with worse mental health, but it is unclear whether changes in employment status are related to suicidal behaviors. This study examined the association between change in employment status and suicidal ideation among workers in South Korea. Methods To maximize power of the analysis, we combined data from the ongoing Korean Welfare Panel Study. We analyzed 3793 participants who were permanent workers at baseline (2011-2014) and who either: (i) maintained permanent employment; (ii) became a full-time precarious worker; (iii) became a part-time precarious worker; or (iv) became unemployed in the following year (2012-2015)...
May 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513765/factors-associated-with-suicidal-ideation-among-university-students
#11
Hugo Gedeon Barros Dos Santos, Samira Reschetti Marcon, Mariano Martínez Espinosa, Makilin Nunes Baptista, Paula Mirianh Cabral de Paulo
Objective: to analyze the factors associated with suicidal ideation in a representative sample of university students. Methods: cross-sectional study, carried out with 637 students of the Federal University of Mato Grosso. The presence of suicidal ideation, demographic and socioeconomic variables, use of alcohol through the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test, and depressive symptoms (Major Depression Inventory) were investigated. Bivariate analysis was performed with the Chi-square test and multivariate analysis using the Poisson regression model...
May 15, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509941/effects-of-perceived-job-insecurity-on-depression-suicide-ideation-and-decline-in-self-rated-health-in-korea-a-population-based-panel-study
#12
Min-Seok Kim, Yun-Chul Hong, Ji-Hoo Yook, Mo-Yeol Kang
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of job security on new development of depressive episode, suicide ideation, and decline in self-rated health. METHODS: Data from the Korea Welfare Panel Study from 2012 to 2015 were analysed. A total of 2912 waged workers self-assessed their depressive episode, suicide ideation, and health annually by answering the questionnaire. Participants were divided into three groups according to the level of job security: high, intermediate and low...
May 16, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509577/alexithymia-suicidal-ideation-and-health-risk-behaviours-a-survey-of-canadian-men
#13
David Kealy, John S Ogrodniczuk, Simon M Rice, John L Oliffe
OBJECTIVE: Restricted emotional abilities may present significant implications for men's health. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between alexithymia and several health-risk behaviours: substance misuse, aggressive and risky behaviours and suicidal ideation. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 1000 Canadian men responded to a survey containing measures of alexithymia, maladaptive coping behaviours, suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509573/adverse-events-of-atomoxetine-in-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study-in-children-with-autism
#14
Rameshwari V Tumuluru, Patricia Corbett-Dick, Michael G Aman, Tristram Smith, L Eugene Arnold, Xueliang Pan, Kristin A Buchan-Page, Nicole V Brown, Melissa M Ryan, Susan L Hyman, Jessica Hellings, Craig Williams, Jill A Hollway, Luc Lecavalier, Robert R Rice, Sarah McAuliffe-Bellin, Benjamin L Handen
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, including inattention and over activity, occur in approximately one-third of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We describe the rate and duration of adverse events in a randomized controlled trial of atomoxetine (ATX) and parent training (PT) for ADHD symptoms and noncompliance in children with ASD. METHODS: We conducted a 10-week, double-blind, 2 × 2 trial of ATX and PT with 128 children (ages 5-14) randomized to ATX alone, ATX+PT, placebo+PT, or placebo alone...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508187/associations-between-serum-zinc-levels-and-mental-health-findings-from-the-2010-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#15
Na-Rae Kim, Ko-Woon Kim, Ha-Na Kim, Sang-Wook Song
Mental health problems are a major public health issue worldwide, and zinc may be associated with psychiatric symptoms, but such associations have not been investigated extensively. This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between serum zinc levels and mental health problems in Korean adults. We used data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V-1, a cross-sectional survey of Korean civilians. Data from 1748 subjects were analyzed. Serum zinc levels did not differ significantly according to psychiatric symptoms including sleep duration, stress, depressed mood, suicidal ideation, and whether respondents sought psychiatric consultation...
May 15, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507771/association-between-suicidal-symptoms-and-repeat-suicidal-behaviour-within-a-sample-of-hospital-treated-suicide-attempters
#16
Derek P de Beurs, Claudia D van Borkulo, Rory C O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Suicidal behaviour is the end result of the complex relation between many factors which are biological, psychological and environmental in nature. Network analysis is a novel method that may help us better understand the complex association between different factors. AIMS: To examine the relationship between suicidal symptoms as assessed by the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation and future suicidal behaviour in patients admitted to hospital following a suicide attempt, using network analysis...
May 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506957/computer-administered-safety-planning-for-individuals-at-risk-for-suicide-development-and-usability-testing
#17
Edwin D Boudreaux, Gregory K Brown, Barbara Stanley, Rajani S Sadasivam, Carlos A Camargo, Ivan W Miller
BACKGROUND: Safety planning is a brief intervention that has become an accepted practice in many clinical settings to help prevent suicide. Even though it is quick compared to other approaches, it frequently requires 20 min or more to complete, which can impede adoption. A self-administered, Web-based safety planning application could potentially reduce clinician time, help promote standardization and quality, and provide enhanced ability to share the created plan. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to design, build, and test the usability of a Web-based, self-administered safety planning application...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506219/sexual-orientation-differences-in-treatment-expectation-alliance-and-outcome-among-patients-at-risk-for-suicide-in-a-public-psychiatric-hospital
#18
Martin Plöderl, Sabine Kunrath, Robert J Cramer, Jen Wang, Larissa Hauer, Clemens Fartacek
BACKGROUND: Sexual minority (SM) individuals (gay, lesbian, bisexual, or otherwise nonheterosexual) are at increased risk for mental disorders and suicide and adequate mental healthcare may be life-saving. However, SM patients experience barriers in mental healthcare that have been attributed to the lack of SM-specific competencies and heterosexist attitudes and behaviors on the part of mental health professionals. Such barriers could have a negative impact on common treatment factors such as treatment expectancy or therapeutic alliance, culminating in poorer treatment outcomes for SM versus heterosexual patients...
May 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504561/sexual-violence-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-college-women-with-a-mental-health-and-or-behavior-disability
#19
Amy Bonomi, Emily Nichols, Rebecca Kammes, Troye Green
OBJECTIVES: We address questions about (1) how college women with a disability experience sexual violence (SV) and intimate partner violence (IPV) across partners, including disability-specific abuse and (2) how SV/IPV impacts psychological, behavioral, physical, and academic life domains. METHODS/DESIGN: Twenty-seven female college students (mean age, 21.2; 66.6% white; 66.6% heterosexual) were randomly sampled from university registrar records. To be eligible for the study, students had to have at least one experience of SV/IPV since age 18 and a disability (88...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502265/psychological-autopsy-study-comparing-suicide-decedents-suicide-ideators-and-propensity-score-matched-controls-results-from-the-study-to-assess-risk-and-resilience-in-service-members-army-starrs
#20
M K Nock, C L Dempsey, P A Aliaga, D A Brent, S G Heeringa, R C Kessler, M B Stein, R J Ursano, D Benedek
BACKGROUND: The suicide rate has increased significantly among US Army soldiers over the past decade. Here we report the first results from a large psychological autopsy study using two control groups designed to reveal risk factors for suicide death among soldiers beyond known sociodemographic factors and the presence of suicide ideation. METHODS: Informants were next-of-kin and Army supervisors for: 135 suicide cases, 137 control soldiers propensity-score-matched on known sociodemographic risk factors for suicide and Army history variables, and 118 control soldiers who reported suicide ideation in the past year...
May 15, 2017: Psychological Medicine
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