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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743042/clinical-outcome-and-rehabilitation-of-homeless-mentally-ill-patients-admitted-in-mental-health-institute-of-south-india-know-the-unknown-project
#1
Guru S Gowda, G Gopika, Channaveerachari Naveen Kumar, Narayana Manjunatha, Ravi Yadav, Dwarakanath Srinivas, Bharath Rose Dawn, Suresh Bada Math
OBJECTIVES: Homeless Mentally Ill (HMI) patients represent a unique global problem and pose a challenge in treatment, management and rehabilitation services. There is sparse data on HMI patients in India. The objective of this paper is to study the clinical outcome and rehabilitation of HMI patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 'HMI' patients from 1st January 2002 to 31st December 2015, who were admitted under Department of Psychiatry at National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, India...
July 4, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737850/prevalence-of-enamel-markings-on-third-molars
#2
Rassilee Sharma, Sapna Lohiya, Pardis Rajabi, Kelly Nguyen, Albert Ngo, Elizabeth Lee, Afsaneh Shahrokhi Rad, Hongfei Chen, Rodrigo S Lacruz, Shane N White
The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence of enamel markings in routinely extracted third molars. One hundred donated third molars were examined. All had some marking(s). Caries was almost universal; white snowcapping of cusps and ridges was extremely common; pit and valley defects were very common; spots and bands were very common, most were white; horizontal grooves were common; linear enamel hypoplasia, considered to be a true developmental defect, was rare.
August 2016: Journal—California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737018/increased-myocardial-native-t1-relaxation-time-in-patients-with-nonischemic-dilated-cardiomyopathy-with-complex-ventricular-arrhythmia
#3
Shiro Nakamori, An H Bui, Jihye Jang, Hossam A El-Rewaidy, Shingo Kato, Long H Ngo, Mark E Josephson, Warren J Manning, Reza Nezafat
PURPOSE: To study the relationship between diffuse myocardial fibrosis and complex ventricular arrhythmias (ComVA) in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NICM). We hypothesized that NICM patients with ComVA would have a higher native myocardial T1 time, suggesting more extensive myocardial diffuse fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled NICM patients with a history of ComVA (n = 50) and age-matched NICM patients without ComVA (n = 57)...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736724/biodecolorization-of-textile-azo-dye-using-bacillus-sp-strain-ch12-isolated-from-alkaline-lake
#4
Awoke Guadie, Samson Tizazu, Meseretu Melese, Wenshan Guo, Huu Hao Ngo, Siqing Xia
Textile azo dye decolorizing bacteria were isolated from alkaline Lakes Abaya and Chamo using Reactive Red 239 (RR239) dye. Through subsequent screening process, strain CH12 was selected to investigate the effects of nutrient supplement, DO, pH, temperature, dye concentration and types on decolorization. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain CH12 was identified as Bacillus sp. Decolorization efficiencies were significantly enhanced with carbon (≥98%) and organic nitrogen (∼100%) supplements. Complete decolorization was also observed under anoxic and anaerobic conditions, and at the temperature of 30 °C and the pH of 10...
September 2017: Biotechnology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732729/crystal-structures-of-an-atypical-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-having-bidirectional-oxidizing-and-reducing-activities
#5
Kyoungho Jung, Seung-Hye Hong, Ho-Phuong-Thuy Ngo, Thien-Hoang Ho, Yeh-Jin Ahn, Deok-Kun Oh, Lin-Woo Kang
Aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDHs) are NAD(P)(+)-dependent oxidoreductases that catalyze the oxidation of a variety of aldehydes to their acid forms. In this study, we determined the crystal structures of ALDH from Bacillus cereus (BcALDH), alone, and in complex with NAD(+) and NADP(+). This enzyme can oxidize all-trans-retinal to all-trans-retinoic acid using either NAD(+) or NADP(+) with equal efficiency, and atypically, as a minor activity, can reduce all-trans-retinal to all-trans-retinol using NADPH. BcALDH accommodated the additional 2'-phosphate of NADP(+) by expanding the cofactor-binding pocket and upshifting the AMP moiety in NADP(+)...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731031/nlrp9b-a-novel-rna-sensing-inflammasome-complex
#6
Chinh Ngo, Si Ming Man
Inflammasome sensors recognize pathogens and danger signals and assemble an immune signaling complex, which induces the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18, and pyroptosis. A new study published in Nature now describes a new inflammasome sensor NLRP9b in intestinal epithelial cells, which in concert with the RNA sensor DHX9, recognize short dsRNA from Rotavirus.
July 21, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730682/structure-and-development-of-the-subesophageal-zone-of-the-drosophila-brain-i-segmental-architecture-compartmentalization-and-lineage-anatomy
#7
Volker Hartenstein, Jaison J Omoto, Kathy T Ngo, Darren Wong, Philipp A Kuert, Heinrich Reichert, Jennifer K Lovick, Amelia Younossi-Hartenstein
The subesophageal zone (SEZ) of the Drosophila brain houses the circuitry underlying feeding behavior and is involved in many other aspects of sensory processing and locomotor control. Formed by the merging of four neuromeres, the internal architecture of the SEZ can be best understood by identifying segmentally reiterated landmarks emerging in the embryo and larva, and following the gradual changes by which these landmarks become integrated into the mature SEZ during metamorphosis. In previous works, the system of longitudinal fibers (connectives) and transverse axons (commissures) has been utilized as a scaffold that provides internal landmarks for the neuromeres of the larval ventral nerve cord...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729199/violent-firearm-related-conflicts-among-high-risk-youth-an-event-level-and-daily-calendar-analysis
#8
Patrick M Carter, Maureen A Walton, Jason Goldstick, Quyen M Epstein-Ngo, Marc A Zimmerman, Melissa C Mercado, Amanda Garcia Williams, Rebecca M Cunningham
Firearm homicide is the leading cause of violence-related youth mortality. To inform prevention efforts, we analyzed event-level data to identify unique precursors to firearm conflicts. Youth (ages:14-24) seeking Emergency Department (ED) treatment for assault or for other reasons and reporting past 6-month drug use were enrolled in a 2-year longitudinal study. Time-line follow-back substance use/aggression modules were administered at baseline and each 6-month follow-up. Violent non-partner conflicts were combined across time-points...
July 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728642/a-latent-profile-analysis-of-aggression-and-victimization-across-relationship-types-among-veterans-who-use-substances
#9
RaeAnn E Anderson, Erin E Bonar, Maureen A Walton, Jason E Goldstick, Sheila A M Rauch, Quyen M Epstein-Ngo, Stephen T Chermack
OBJECTIVE: This study examined patterns of violence victimization and aggression in both intimate partner and nonpartner relationships among U.S. military veterans using latent profile analysis to identify subtypes of violence involvement. METHOD: Participants were 839 substance use treatment-seeking veterans (93% male) from a large Veterans Affairs Medical Center who completed screening measures for a randomized controlled trial. RESULTS: Past-year violence involvement, including both intimate partner violence (IPV) and nonpartner violence (NPV), was common in the sample, although NPV occurred at somewhat higher rates...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726598/pandemic-related-health-behavior-repeat-episodes-of-influenza-like-illness-related-to-the-2009-h1n1-influenza-pandemic
#10
O Mgbere, K Ngo, S Khuwaja, M Mouzoon, A Greisinger, R Arafat, J Markee
The Houston Health Department (HHD) in Texas tracks influenza-like illness (ILI) in the community through its Influenza Sentinel Surveillance Program, which began in 2008. After the influenza A(H1N1) pandemic (pH1N1) in 2009, investigators sought to assess the feasibility of this program as a non-traditional data source for tracking and monitoring care-seeking activities. Through the process of characterizing and describing patients who had 'return visits', or who were considered the heaviest ILI-related care-utilizers, the investigators sought to understand the strengths and limitations of this data source...
July 20, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726226/factors-influencing-silver-recovery-and-power-generation-in-bio-electrochemical-reactors
#11
Ngo Anh Dao Ho, Sandhya Babel, Korakot Sombatmankhong
The recovery of silver from Ag(+) solution coupled with power generation was investigated in bio-electrochemical system (BES). In this system, chemical energy existing in the organic matter in the anode chamber can be converted biologically to electrical energy which can be used for the reduction of Ag(+) ions in the cathode chamber. Results showed that type of substrate influenced the metabolic pathway and affected the cell voltage progression, and columbic efficiency. Silver recovery was not affected by increasing initial pH (2...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719873/characteristics-of-electron-transport-chain-and-affecting-factors-for-thiosulfate-driven-perchlorate-reduction
#12
Chao Zhang, Jianbo Guo, Jing Lian, Caicai Lu, Huu Hao Ngo, Wenshan Guo, Yuanyuan Song, Yankai Guo
The mechanism for perchlorate reduction was investigated using thiosulfate-driven (T-driven) perchlorate reduction bacteria. The influences of various environmental conditions on perchlorate reduction, including pH, temperature and electron acceptors were examined. The maximum perchlorate removal rate was observed at pH 7.5 and 40 °C. Perchlorate reduction was delayed due to the coexistence of perchlorate-chlorate and perchlorate-nitrate. The mechanism of the T-driven perchlorate reduction electron transport chain (ETC) was also investigated by utilizing different inhibitors...
July 12, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717207/barcoding-utility-in-a-mega-diverse-cross-continental-genus-keeping-pace-with-cyrtodactylus-geckos
#13
Ian G Brennan, Aaron M Bauer, Ngo Van Tri, Yun-Yu Wang, Wen-Zhi Wang, Ya-Ping Zhang, Robert W Murphy
Over the past decade, DNA barcoding has become a staple of low-cost molecular systematic investigations. The availability of universal primers and subsidized sequencing projects (PolarBOL, SharkBOL, SpongeBOL) have driven this popularity, often without appropriate investigation into the utility of barcoding data for the taxonomic group of interest. Here, our primary aim is to determine the phylogenetic value of DNA barcoding (mitochondrial locus COI) within the gecko genus Cyrtodactylus. With >40 new species described since last systematic investigation, Cyrtodactylus represents one of the most diverse extant squamate genera, and their contemporary distribution spans the Indian subcontinent, eastward through Indochina, and into AustraloPapua...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716791/factors-associated-with-nicotine-dependence-during-methadone-maintenance-treatment-findings-from-a-multisite-survey-in-vietnam
#14
Huyen Phuc Do, Long Hoang Nguyen, Nhung Phuong Thi Nguyen, Chau Ngo, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Giang Tong Le, Linh Khanh Nguyen, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Thi Le, Thuc Minh Thi Vu, Huong Thu Thi Phan, Tho Dinh Tran, Carl A Latkin, Michael P Dunne
OBJECTIVES: Smoking is associated with adverse health outcomes among drug users, including those in treatment. To date, however, there has been little evidence about smoking patterns among people receiving opioid-dependence treatment in developing countries. We examined self-reported nicotine dependence and associated factors in a large sample of opioid-dependent patients receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in northern Vietnam. SETTING: Five clinics in Hanoi (urban area) and Nam Dinh (rural area)...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714707/prospective-relations-between-parent-adolescent-acculturation-conflict-and-mental-health-symptoms-among-vietnamese-american-adolescents
#15
Diem Julie Nguyen, Joanna J Kim, Bahr Weiss, Victoria Ngo, Anna S Lau
OBJECTIVES: Intergenerational acculturation conflict in immigrant families has been implicated as a risk factor for adolescent maladjustment. However, the directionality and specific family related mediators of this association have not been identified. The present study prospectively examined relations between adolescent reports of perceived acculturation conflict and internalizing and externalizing mental health symptoms. Perceived parent-adolescent relationship strain and perceived parental psychological control were examined as potential mediators...
July 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714555/evidence-that-eye-movement-profiles-do-not-explain-slow-binocular-rivalry-rate-in-bipolar-disorder-support-for-a-perceptual-endophenotype
#16
Phillip Cf Law, Caroline T Gurvich, Trung T Ngo, Steven M Miller
OBJECTIVES: Presenting conflicting images simultaneously, one to each eye, produces perceptual alternations known as binocular rivalry (BR). Slow BR rate has been proposed as an endophenotype for bipolar disorder (BD) for use in large-scale genome-wide association studies. However, the trait could conceivably reflect eye movement (EM) dysfunction in BD rather than anomalous perceptual processing per se. To address this question, we examined the relationship between EM profiles and BR rate for various stimulus types in BD and healthy subjects...
July 17, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713279/antiepileptogenic-and-neuroprotective-effects-of-pergularia-daemia-on-pilocarpine-model-of-epilepsy
#17
Antoine K Kandeda, Germain S Taiwe, Fleur C O Moto, Gwladys T Ngoupaye, Gisele C N Nkantchoua, Jacqueline S K Njapdounke, Jean P O Omam, Simon Pale, Nadege Kouemou, Elisabeth Ngo Bum
In this study, we investigated antiepileptogenic and neuroprotective effects of the aqueous extract of Pergularia daemia roots (PDR) using in vivo and in vitro experimental models. In in vivo studies, status epilepticus caused by pilocarpine injection triggers epileptogenesis which evolves during about 1-2 weeks. After 2 h of status epilepticus, mice were treated during the epileptogenesis period for 7 days with sodium valproate and vitamin C (standards which demonstrated to alter epileptogenesis), or Pergularia daemia...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712763/unusual-cause-of-dysphagia
#18
Vincent Verdier, Minh Dung Ngo, Richard Petit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712349/a-community-partnered-participatory-cluster-randomized-study-of-depression-care-quality-improvement-three-year-outcomes
#19
Michael K Ong, Loretta Jones, Wayne Aoki, Thomas R Belin, Elizabeth Bromley, Bowen Chung, Elizabeth Dixon, Megan Dwight Johnson, Felica Jones, Paul Koegel, Dmitry Khodyakov, Craig M Landry, Elizabeth Lizaola, Norma Mtume, Victoria K Ngo, Judith Perlman, Esmeralda Pulido, Vivian Sauer, Cathy D Sherbourne, Lingqi Tang, Ed Vidaurri, Yolanda Whittington, Pluscedia Williams, Aziza Lucas-Wright, Lily Zhang, Marvin Southard, Jeanne Miranda, Kenneth Wells
OBJECTIVE: Community Partners in Care, a community-partnered, cluster-randomized trial with depressed clients from 93 Los Angeles health and community programs, examined the added value of a community coalition approach (Community Engagement and Planning [CEP]) versus individual program technical assistance (Resources for Services [RS]) for implementing depression quality improvement in underserved communities. CEP was more effective than RS in improving mental health-related quality of life, reducing behavioral health hospitalizations, and shifting services toward community-based programs at six months...
July 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710540/home-based-exercise-during-preoperative-therapy-for-pancreatic-cancer
#20
An Ngo-Huang, Nathan H Parker, Xuemei Wang, Maria Q B Petzel, David Fogelman, Keri L Schadler, Eduardo Bruera, Jason B Fleming, Jeffrey E Lee, Matthew H G Katz
PURPOSE: Exercise concurrent with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and/or chemoradiation for pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) may mitigate the decline in function that may occur as a result of the disease or its treatment in the preoperative period. The primary objective of this single-arm prospective trial was to determine adherence to a home-based exercise program administered during preoperative therapy. METHODS: Twenty patients from a quaternary cancer center with potentially resectable PDAC were enrolled...
July 15, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
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