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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785210/adipose-tissue-derived-cytokines-and-their-correlations-with-clinical-characteristics-in-vietnamese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Nguyen Linh Toan, Nguyen Van Hoan, Doan Viet Cuong, Nguyen Viet Dung, Phan The Dung, Ngo Thu Hang, Do Thi Huyen Dieu, Dang Thanh Chung, Ho Anh Son, Pham Xuan Phong, George Binh Lenon, Doan Van De, Hoang Van Tong
Background: Adipokines are involved in the pathogenesis of metabolic disorders including obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study investigates the levels of leptin, resistin, visfatin, secreted frizzled-related protein 5 (SFRP5), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) and their correlations with clinical parameters of overweight and T2DM. Methods: We recruited overweight 50 patients with T2DM, 88 non-overweight patients with T2DM, 29 overweight and 100 non-overweight individuals devoid of T2DM for this study...
2018: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784163/significant-disparities-in-eyeglass-insurance-coverage-in-canada
#2
Gordon Ngo, Graham Trope, Yvonne Buys, Ya-Ping Jin
OBJECTIVE: To describe patterns of access to eyeglass insurance by Canadians. DESIGN: A population-based, cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 134 072 respondents to the Canadian Community Health Survey 2003 who were aged ≥12 years. METHODS: We compared self-reported insurance coverage for eyeglasses or contact lenses provided by private, government, or employer-paid plans. RESULTS: Overall, 55...
June 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783142/assessment-of-microbial-products-in-the-biosorption-process-of-cu-ii-onto-aerobic-granular-sludge-extracellular-polymeric-substances-contribution-and-soluble-microbial-products-release
#3
Linxian Huang, Meilin Li, Guangchao Si, Jinglin Wei, Huu Hao Ngo, Wenshan Guo, Weiying Xu, Bin Du, Qin Wei, Dong Wei
In the present study, the responses of microbial products in the biosorption process of Cu(II) onto aerobic granular sludge were evaluated by using batch and spectroscopic approaches. Batch experimental data showed that extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) contributed to Cu(II) removal from an aqueous solution, especially when treating low metal concentrations, whereas soluble microbial products (SMPs) were released under the metal stress during biosorption process. A three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix (3D-EEM) identified four main fluorescence peaks in the EPS, i...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781186/the-slow-light-and-dark-oscillation-of-the-clinical-electro-oculogram
#4
Paul A Constable, David Ngo
BACKGROUND: The standing potential of the eye exhibits a slow damped oscillation under light and dark conditions that continues for at least 80 minutes. However, our understanding of the relationship between the slow dark and light oscillation has not been previously studied. The aim of this study was to explore through regression analysis a model of these oscillations in order to establish if they may have the same underlying cellular generators. METHODS: Healthy participants undertook recordings of the standing potential using the electro-oculogram for 100 minutes...
May 20, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780057/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-dengue-infection-in-khanh-hoa-province-viet-nam-a-stratified-cluster-sampling-survey
#5
Vien Quang Mai, Trịnh Thị Xuan Mai, Ngo Le Minh Tam, Le Trung Nghia, Kenichi Komada, Hitoshi Murakami
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a clinically important arthropod-borne viral disease with increasing global incidence. Here we aimed to estimate the prevalence of dengue infections in Khanh Hoa Province, central Viet Nam, and to identify risk factors for infection. METHODS: We performed a stratified cluster sampling survey including residents of 3-60 years of age in Nha Trang City, Ninh Hoa District and Dien Khanh District, Khanh Hoa Province, in October 2011. Immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin M (IgM) against dengue were analyzed using a rapid test kit...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779684/improving-adult-amblyopic-vision-with-stereoscopic-3-dimensional-video-games
#6
Roger W Li, Kenneth D Tran, John K Bui, Michelle M Antonucci, Charlie V Ngo, Dennis M Levi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779217/ginsenoside-c-mx-isolated-from-notoginseng-stem-leaf-ginsenosides-attenuates-ultraviolet-b-mediated-photoaging-in-human-dermal-fibroblasts
#7
Xiao-Yi Liu, Eunson Hwang, Bom Park, Hien T T Ngo, Yong-Kun Xiao, Tae-Hoo Yi
Notoginseng is a traditional herbal medicine widely used for medicinal therapy in Asia, as it contains numerous ginsenosides with pharmacological effects. In this study, we submitted Notoginseng stem-leaf (NGL) ginsenosides to an enzyme to create reaction the monomer products of ginsenoside C-Mx and then investigated the ability of ginsenoside C-Mx to protect the skin against ultraviolet B-induced injury in normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs). Ginsenoside C-Mx alleviated UVB-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), MMP-1, and IL-6 expression while accelerating TGF-β and procollagen type I secretion...
May 20, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771631/need-for-a-marginal-methodology-in-assessing-natural-gas-system-methane-emissions-in-response-to-incremental-consumption
#8
Michael Mac Kinnon, Zahra Heydarzadeh, Quy Doan, Cuong Ngo, Jeff Reed, Jacob Brouwer
Accurate quantification of methane emissions from the natural gas system is important for establishing greenhouse gas inventories and understanding cause and effect for reducing emissions. Current carbon intensity methods generally assume methane emissions are proportional to gas throughput so that increases in gas consumption yield linear increases in emitted methane. However, emissions sources are diverse and many are not proportional to throughput. Insights into the causal drivers of system methane emissions, and how system-wide changes affect such drivers are required...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770530/accurate-nonlinear-mapping-between-mni-volumetric-and-freesurfer-surface-coordinate-systems
#9
Jianxiao Wu, Gia H Ngo, Douglas Greve, Jingwei Li, Tong He, Bruce Fischl, Simon B Eickhoff, B T Thomas Yeo
The results of most neuroimaging studies are reported in volumetric (e.g., MNI152) or surface (e.g., fsaverage) coordinate systems. Accurate mappings between volumetric and surface coordinate systems can facilitate many applications, such as projecting fMRI group analyses from MNI152/Colin27 to fsaverage for visualization or projecting resting-state fMRI parcellations from fsaverage to MNI152/Colin27 for volumetric analysis of new data. However, there has been surprisingly little research on this topic. Here, we evaluated three approaches for mapping data between MNI152/Colin27 and fsaverage coordinate systems by simulating the above applications: projection of group-average data from MNI152/Colin27 to fsaverage and projection of fsaverage parcellations to MNI152/Colin27...
May 16, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769102/securitizing-hiv-aids-a-game-changer-in-state-societal-relations-in-china
#10
Catherine Yuk-Ping Lo
BACKGROUND: China has experienced unprecedented economic growth since the 1980s. Despite this impressive economic development, this growth exists side by side with the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) crises and the persisting deficiencies in public health provision in China. Acknowledging the prevailing health problems, the Chinese government has encouraged the development of health non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to respond to the health challenges and address the gaps in public health provision of the government...
May 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768726/ribes-nigrum-l-prevents-uvb-mediated-photoaging-in-human-dermal-fibroblasts-potential-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-activity
#11
Lu Li, Eunson Hwang, Hien T T Ngo, Seul A Seo, Pei Lin, Wei Gao, Ying Liu, Tae-Hoo Yi
Black currants (Ribes nigrum L, RN) are known as a "super fruit" to possess for their many potential health benefits such as the alleviation of oxidative stress-related disorders. However, little skin photoaging-related research has been done on the use of this agent. In the present study, we investigated the protective effects of RN in UVB-irradiated human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs). RN treatment in UVB-irradiated skin models alleviated UVB-mediated photoaging through several mechanisms: Treatment with RN downregulated MAPK-related signaling models, such as those of activation protein 1 (AP-1) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB)...
May 16, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766153/a-bioorthogonal-turn-on-fluorescent-strategy-for-the-detection-of-lysine-acetyltransferase-activity
#12
Maomao He, Zhen Han, Jing Qiao, Liza Ngo, May P Xiong, Y George Zheng
Lysine acetylation plays vital roles in the regulation of fundamental cellular processes, which is mediated by lysine acetyltransferases (KATs). Developing chemical biology probes for KAT activity detection is of important value in providing improved understanding of their biological functions. We reported a panel of "turn-on" fluorescent probes for sensitive and selective detection of KAT enzymatic activity through a simple mix-and-read format. Combined with bioorthogonal substrate labelling and click chemistry, these probes produced strong "turn-on" fluorescent signals in response to KAT-mediated acylation process...
May 16, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762198/endometrial-cancer-in-the-elderly-does-age-influence-surgical-treatments-outcomes-and-prognosis
#13
Meriem Koual, Charlotte Ngo, Aude Girault, Fabrice Lécuru, Anne-Sophie Bats
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinicopathological characteristics, surgical outcomes, and survival rates for nonelderly (<75 years old) and elderly (≥75 years old) women with endometrial cancer (EC). METHODS: This retrospective study included consecutive patients who underwent surgery for EC at the gynecologic-oncologic surgery department of Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou (Paris, France) from January, 2002 to December, 2015. Independent-group t tests and chi-square tests were used to compare elderly and nonelderly women...
May 14, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760082/a-cytokine-network-involving-il-36%C3%AE-il-23-and-il-22-promotes-antimicrobial-defense-and-recovery-from-intestinal-barrier-damage
#14
Vu L Ngo, Hirohito Abo, Estera Maxim, Akihito Harusato, Duke Geem, Oscar Medina-Contreras, Didier Merlin, Andrew T Gewirtz, Asma Nusrat, Timothy L Denning
The gut epithelium acts to separate host immune cells from unrestricted interactions with the microbiota and other environmental stimuli. In response to epithelial damage or dysfunction, immune cells are activated to produce interleukin (IL)-22, which is involved in repair and protection of barrier surfaces. However, the specific pathways leading to IL-22 and associated antimicrobial peptide (AMP) production in response to intestinal tissue damage remain incompletely understood. Here, we define a critical IL-36/IL-23/IL-22 cytokine network that is instrumental for AMP production and host defense...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759819/problematic-effects-of-antibiotics-on-anaerobic-treatment-of-swine-wastewater
#15
REVIEW
D L Cheng, H H Ngo, W S Guo, S W Chang, D D Nguyen, S Mathava Kumar, B Du, Q Wei, D Wei
Swine wastewaters with high levels of organic pollutants and antibiotics have become serious environmental concerns. Anaerobic technology is a feasible option for swine wastewater treatment due to its advantage in low costs and bioenergy production. However, antibiotics in swine wastewater have problematic effects on micro-organisms, and the stability and performance of anaerobic processes. Thus, this paper critically reviews impacts of antibiotics on pH, COD removal efficiencies, biogas and methane productions as well as the accumulation of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) in the anaerobic processes...
May 4, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757954/consumer-preference-and-attitude-regarding-online-food-products-in-hanoi-vietnam
#16
Anh Kim Dang, Bach Xuan Tran, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Huong Thi Le, Hoa Thi Do, Hinh Duc Nguyen, Long Hoang Nguyen, Tu Huu Nguyen, Hue Thi Mai, Tho Dinh Tran, Chau Ngo, Thuc Thi Minh Vu, Carl A Latkin, Melvyn W B Zhang, Roger C M Ho
This study aimed to examine: (1) how the Internet has changed consumers food-buying behavior and identify its associated factors; (2) consumers' concern about food safety information of online food products. A cross-sectional study was performed from October to December 2015 in Hanoi-a Vietnamese epicenter of food service. One thousand seven hundred and thirty six (1736) customers were randomly chosen from food establishments of 176 communes. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews using structured questionnaires...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754431/expanding-severe-acute-respiratory-infection-sari-surveillance-beyond-influenza-the-process-and-data-from-1-year-of-implementation-in-vietnam
#17
Karen A Alroy, Trang Thuy Do, Phu Dac Tran, Tan Quang Dang, Long Ngoc Vu, Nga Thi Hang Le, Anh Duc Dang, Nghia Duy Ngu, Tu Huy Ngo, Phuong Mai Vu Hoang, Lan Trong Phan, Thuong Vu Nguyen, Long Thanh Nguyen, Thinh Viet Nguyen, Mai Quang Vien, Huy Xuan Le, Anh The Dao, Trieu Bao Nguyen, Duoc Tho Pham, Van Thi Tuyet Nguyen, Thanh Ngoc Pham, Binh Hai Phan, Brett Whitaker, Thuy Thi Thu Do, Phuong Anh Dao, S Arunmozhi Balajee, Anthony W Mounts
BACKGROUND: In 2016, as a component of the Global Health Security Agenda, the Vietnam Ministry of Health expanded its existing influenza sentinel surveillance for severe acute respiratory infections (SARI) to include testing for 7 additional viral respiratory pathogens. This article describes the steps taken to implement expanded SARI surveillance in Vietnam and reports data from 1 year of expanded surveillance. METHOD: The process of expanding the suite of pathogens for routine testing by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) included laboratory trainings, procurement/distribution of reagents, and strengthening and aligning SARI surveillance epidemiology practices at sentinel sites and regional institutes (RI)...
May 13, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752597/the-higher-prevalence-of-developmental-defects-of-enamel-in-the-dioxin-affected-region-than-non-dioxin-affected-region-result-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-vietnam
#18
Vo Truong Nhu Ngoc, Le Thi Huong, Bui Van Nhon, Ngo Thi Minh Tan, Pham Van Thuc, Vo Thi Thu Hien, Truong Manh Dung, Ngo Van Toan, Le Quynh Anh, Le Hoang Son, Thien Chu-Dinh, Dinh-Toi Chu
Developmental defects of enamel (DDE) are induced and regulated by several factors including genetics and the environment. There is evidence showing that dioxin in polluted areas has a strong effect on the health and development of teeth. However, there has been no study on DDE in the dioxin-affected regions in Vietnam. To identify the effect of dioxin on the prevalence of DDE in studied areas in Vietnam, a cross-sectional study was conducted in 2200 adults in the A Luoi district in the Thua Thien Hue province (the dioxin-affected region) and in the Kim Bang district in the Ha Nam province (dioxin-unaffected region) in 2015...
May 11, 2018: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751983/local-pollutants-go-global-the-impacts-of-intercontinental-air-pollution-from-china-on-air-quality-and-morbidity-in-california
#19
Nicole S Ngo, Xiaojia Bao, Nan Zhong
China is among the greatest emitters of air pollution in the world and one concern is the effects of intercontinental air pollution traveling across the Pacific Ocean from China to the U.S. We exploit a natural experiment by observing the effects of changes in intercontinental air pollution associated with Chinese New Year, a 7-day national holiday, and sandstorms from China on air quality and morbidity in California. The timing of these events are unlikely correlated to other factors affecting air quality and health in California...
May 8, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748285/an-anatomic-transcriptional-atlas-of-human-glioblastoma
#20
Ralph B Puchalski, Nameeta Shah, Jeremy Miller, Rachel Dalley, Steve R Nomura, Jae-Guen Yoon, Kimberly A Smith, Michael Lankerovich, Darren Bertagnolli, Kris Bickley, Andrew F Boe, Krissy Brouner, Stephanie Butler, Shiella Caldejon, Mike Chapin, Suvro Datta, Nick Dee, Tsega Desta, Tim Dolbeare, Nadezhda Dotson, Amanda Ebbert, David Feng, Xu Feng, Michael Fisher, Garrett Gee, Jeff Goldy, Lindsey Gourley, Benjamin W Gregor, Guangyu Gu, Nika Hejazinia, John Hohmann, Parvinder Hothi, Robert Howard, Kevin Joines, Ali Kriedberg, Leonard Kuan, Chris Lau, Felix Lee, Hwahyung Lee, Tracy Lemon, Fuhui Long, Naveed Mastan, Erika Mott, Chantal Murthy, Kiet Ngo, Eric Olson, Melissa Reding, Zack Riley, David Rosen, David Sandman, Nadiya Shapovalova, Clifford R Slaughterbeck, Andrew Sodt, Graham Stockdale, Aaron Szafer, Wayne Wakeman, Paul E Wohnoutka, Steven J White, Don Marsh, Robert C Rostomily, Lydia Ng, Chinh Dang, Allan Jones, Bart Keogh, Haley R Gittleman, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan, Patrick J Cimino, Megha S Uppin, C Dirk Keene, Farrokh R Farrokhi, Justin D Lathia, Michael E Berens, Antonio Iavarone, Amy Bernard, Ed Lein, John W Phillips, Steven W Rostad, Charles Cobbs, Michael J Hawrylycz, Greg D Foltz
Glioblastoma is an aggressive brain tumor that carries a poor prognosis. The tumor's molecular and cellular landscapes are complex, and their relationships to histologic features routinely used for diagnosis are unclear. We present the Ivy Glioblastoma Atlas, an anatomically based transcriptional atlas of human glioblastoma that aligns individual histologic features with genomic alterations and gene expression patterns, thus assigning molecular information to the most important morphologic hallmarks of the tumor...
May 11, 2018: Science
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