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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530038/hiv-treatment-and-care-services-for-adolescents-a-situational-analysis-of-218-facilities-in-23-sub-saharan-african-countries
#1
Daniella Mark, Alice Armstrong, Catarina Andrade, Martina Penazzato, Luann Hatane, Lina Taing, Toby Runciman, Jane Ferguson
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, an estimated 2.1 million adolescents (age 10-19 years) were living with HIV globally. The extent to which health facilities provide appropriate treatment and care was unknown. To support understanding of service availability in 2014, Paediatric-Adolescent Treatment Africa (PATA), a non-governmental organisation (NGO) supporting a network of health facilities across sub-Saharan Africa, undertook a facility-level situational analysis of adolescent HIV treatment and care services in 23 countries...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527418/atmospheric-pcdd-f-concentration-and-source-apportionment-in-typical-rural-agent-orange-hotspots-and-industrial-areas-in-vietnam
#2
Tuan Hung Ngo, To Thi Hien, Ngo Thi Thuan, Nguyen Hung Minh, Kai Hsien Chi
Vietnam has a double burden of dioxin from both industrial sources and historical sources. To evaluate the concentration of PCDD/Fs in ambient air in different areas of Vietnam and their possible sources, atmospheric samples were collected from three areas namely Son La (rural area) and Da Nang (harbor - Agent Orange hotspot area), and Ho Chi Minh City (metropolitan - industrial city). Vapor and solid phases of PCDD/Fs were collected and analyzed following the TO-9A sampling method. Principal Component Analysis and Positive Matrix Factorization model were applied to characterize the possible source...
May 11, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527139/exploration-of-an-innovative-draw-solution-for-a-forward-osmosis-membrane-distillation-desalination-process
#3
Nguyen Cong Nguyen, Shiao-Shing Chen, Shubham Jain, Hau Thi Nguyen, Saikat Sinha Ray, Huu Hao Ngo, Wenshan Guo, Ngoc Tuan Lam, Hung Cong Duong
Forward osmosis (FO) has emerged as a viable technology to alleviate the global water crisis. The greatest challenge facing the application of FO technology is the lack of an ideal draw solution with high water flux and low reverse salt flux. Hence, the objective of this study was to enhance FO by lowering reverse salt flux and maintaining high water flux; the method involved adding small concentrations of Al2(SO4)3 to a MgCl2 draw solution. Results showed that 0.5 M MgCl2 mixed with 0.05 M of Al2(SO4)3 at pH 6...
May 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525792/team-effectiveness-in-non-governmental-organizations-ngos-projects
#4
Khawaja Fawad Latif, Nigel Williams
The incorporation of team context into research and practice regarding team effectiveness in NGOs projects is a constant challenge. The research seeks to address the gap and identify the critical determinants of team effectiveness in projects undertaken by non-governmental organizations. Using a systematic process, the study involved both literature and focus group discussions to generate the required items. A total of 157 respondents (Team Members and Team Leaders) were part of the study that filled the questionnaires...
May 10, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525196/-burnout-syndrome-among-generalist-medical-doctors-of-douala-region-cameroon-can-physical-activities-be-a-protective-factor
#5
S H Mandengue, L J Owona Manga, M Y Lobè-Tanga, P B Assomo-Ndemba, S Nsongan-Bahebege, C Bika-Lélé, F Ngo Sack, A K Njamnshi, S L Etoundi-Ngoa
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate and document the importance of Burnout syndrome among generalist medical doctors (GMD) since no investigation have been carried in Cameroon. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 85 GMD using a self-administered questionnaire on socio-demographic characteristics, socioprofessional conditions, Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) to evaluate burnout, and Ricci-Gagnon physical activities level metrics...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523947/potentiation-of-trap-6-induced-platelet-dense-granule-release-by-blockade-of-p2y12-signaling-with-mrs2395
#6
Annachiara Mitrugno, Rachel A Rigg, Nicole B Laschober, Anh T P Ngo, Jiaqing Pang, Craig D Williams, Joseph E Aslan, Owen J T McCarty
The release of ADP from platelet dense granules and its binding to platelet P2Y12 receptors is key to amplifying the initial hemostatic response and propagating thrombus formation. P2Y12 has thus emerged as a therapeutic target to safely and effectively prevent secondary thrombotic events in patients with acute coronary syndrome or a history of myocardial infarction. Pharmacological inhibition of P2Y12 receptors represents a useful approach to better understand the signaling mediated by these receptors and to elucidate the role of these receptors in a multitude of platelet hemostatic and thrombotic responses...
May 19, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523209/using-online-respondent-driven-sampling-for-vietnamese-youths-alcohol-use-and-associated-risk-factors
#7
Melvyn W B Zhang, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Huong Thi Le, Nguyen Hoang Long, Huong Thi Le, Nguyen Duc Hinh, Tran Dinh Tho, Bao Nguyen Le, Vu Thi Minh Thuc, Chau Ngo, Nguyen Huu Tu, Carl A Latkin, Roger Cm Ho
OBJECTIVES: The average alcohol consumption per capita among Vietnamese adults has consistently increased. Although alcohol-related disorders have been extensively studied, there is a paucity of research shedding light on this issue among Internet users. The study aimed to examine the severity of alcohol-related disorders and other associated factors that might predispose individuals towards alcohol usage in a sample of youths recruited online. METHODS: An online cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,080 Vietnamese youths...
April 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522255/sustainability-of-community-led-total-sanitation-outcomes-evidence-from-ethiopia-and-ghana
#8
Jonny Crocker, Darren Saywell, Jamie Bartram
We conducted a study to evaluate the sustainability of community-led total sanitation (CLTS) outcomes in Ethiopia and Ghana. Plan International, with local actors, implemented four CLTS interventions from 2012 to 2014: health extension worker-facilitated CLTS and teacher-facilitated CLTS in Ethiopia, and NGO-facilitated CLTS with and without training for natural leaders in Ghana. We previously evaluated these interventions using survey data collected immediately after implementation ended, and concluded that in Ethiopia health extension workers were more effective facilitators than teachers, and that in Ghana training natural leaders improved CLTS outcomes...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517968/a-community-based-qualitative-study-of-intergenerational-resilience-with-palestinian-refugee-families-facing-structural-violence-and-historical-trauma
#9
Devin G Atallah
The purpose of this study was to explore resilience processes in Palestinian refugee families living under Israeli occupation for multiple generations. Qualitative methods, critical postcolonial theories, and community-based research approaches were used to examine intergenerational protective practices and to contribute to reconceptualizations of resilience from indigenous perspectives. First, the researcher developed a collaborative partnership with a nongovernmental organization (NGO) in a UN refugee camp in the occupied West Bank...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516803/differentials-in-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-diabetes-by-socioeconomic-status-and-sex-in-kalutara-sri-lanka
#10
Lakshman Gamlath, Sumal Nandasena, Sudirikku Hennadige Padmal de Silva, Christine Linhart, Anh Ngo, Stephen Morrell, Sally Nathan, Albie Sharpe, Richard Taylor
Since 1950, cardiovascular disease (CVD) has emerged as a leading cause of mortality in Sri Lanka, especially in men. In 2014, a survey in Kalutara to assess CVD and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) risk factors in adults aged 25 to 64 years (n = 1011), and associations with sex and socioeconomic status (SES), found similar CVD risk factors in both sexes, except for daily tobacco smoking at 19% in men and nil in women, and higher body mass index (BMI) in women than men. With increasing SES in men, there were significant linear increases in mean BMI, waist circumference, mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure, mean fasting plasma glucose, and T2DM prevalence, but decreases in tobacco smoking...
May 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511653/processes-and-challenges-of-community-mobilisation-for-latrine-promotion-under-nirmal-bharat-abhiyan-in-rural-odisha-india
#11
Parimita Routray, Belen Torondel, Marion W Jenkins, Thomas Clasen, Wolf-Peter Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts to eradicate it, open defecation remains widely practiced in India, especially in rural areas. Between 2013 and 2014, 50 villages in one district of Odisha, India, received a sanitation programme under the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA - "Clean India Campaign"), the successor of India's Total Sanitation Campaign. This paper documents the strategies and processes of NBA community mobilisation for latrine promotion in these villages and assesses the strengths and limitations of the mobilisation activities...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508402/risk-factors-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-among-blood-donors-in-cameroon-evidence-for-the-design-of-an-africa-specific-donor-history-questionnaire
#12
Claude T Tagny, Georges Nguefack-Tsague, Diderot Fopa, Celestin Ashu, Estel Tante, Pauline Ngo Balogog, Olivier Donfack, Dora Mbanya, Syria Laperche, Edward Murphy
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa improving the deferral of at-risk blood donors would be a cost-effective approach to reducing transfusion-transmitted human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections. We performed a pilot case-control study to identify the risk factors for HIV infection and to develop an adapted donor history questionnaire (DHQ) for sub-Saharan Africa. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We recruited 137 HIV-positive donors (cases) and 256 HIV-negative donors (controls) and gathered risk factor data using audio computer-assisted self-interview...
May 15, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506764/specific-localization-of-lc3b-in-autophagosome-a-correlative-labelling-study-with-nanoparticle-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#13
Kenneth Lai, Murray Killingsworth, Jim Yong, Slade Matthews, Ardalan Ebrahimi, John McGuinness, Quan Ngo, Nicole Caixeiro, Angela Hong, Cheok Soon Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505234/increased-risk-for-meningococcal-disease-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states-2012-2015
#14
Temitope A Folaranmi, Cecilia B Kretz, Hajime Kamiya, Jessica R MacNeil, Melissa J Whaley, Amy Blain, Mike Antwi, Marie Dorsinville, Massimo Pacilli, Shamika Smith, Rachel Civen, Van Ngo, Kathleen Winter, Kathleen Harriman, Xin Wang, Virginia B Bowen, Manisha Patel, Stacey Martin, Lara Misegades, Sarah A Meyer
Background: Several clusters of serogroup C meningococcal disease among men who have sex with men (MSM) have been reported in the United States in recent years. The epidemiology and risk of meningococcal disease among MSM is not well-described. Methods: All meningococcal disease cases among men aged 18-64 years reported to the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System between January 2012 and June 2015 were reviewed. Characteristics of meningococcal disease cases among MSM and men not known to be MSM (non-MSM) were described...
May 13, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503184/an-abc-transporter-is-involved-in-the-silicon-induced-formation-of-casparian-bands-in-the-exodermis-of-rice
#15
Martin Hinrichs, Alexander T Fleck, Eline Biedermann, Ngoc S Ngo, Lukas Schreiber, Manfred K Schenk
Silicon (Si) promotes the formation of Casparian bands (CB) in rice and reduces radial oxygen loss (ROL). Further transcriptomic approaches revealed several candidate genes involved in the Si-induced formation of CB such as ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporter, Class III peroxidases, ligases and transferases. Investigation of these genes by means of overexpression (OE) and knockout (KO) mutants revealed the contribution of the ABC transporter (OsABCG25) to CB formation in the exodermis, which was also reflected in the expression of other OsABCG25 in the Si-promoted formation of CB genes related to the phenylpropanoid pathway, such as phenylalanine-ammonia-lyase, diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase and 4-coumarate-CoA ligase...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502576/the-effect-of-mpower-scores-on-cigarette-smoking-prevalence-and-consumption
#16
Anh Ngo, Kai-Wen Cheng, Frank J Chaloupka, Ce Shang
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) introduced the MPOWER package to support policy implementation under the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). This study examined the effect of MPOWER policies on smoking prevalence and cigarette consumption in a global context. METHODS: The MPOWER composite score was constructed by adding up the six MPOWER scores for each country and survey year 2007-2008, 2010, 2012, and 2014, with a possible range between 6 (1 in each of the six score) and 29 (4 in M score and 5 in POWER scores)...
May 11, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501701/radb-acts-in-homologous-recombination-in-the-archaeon-haloferax-volcanii-consistent-with-a-role-as-recombination-mediator
#17
Kayleigh Wardell, Sam Haldenby, Nathan Jones, Susan Liddell, Greg H P Ngo, Thorsten Allers
Homologous recombination plays a central role in the repair of double-strand DNA breaks, the restart of stalled replication forks and the generation of genetic diversity. Regulation of recombination is essential since defects can lead to genome instability and chromosomal rearrangements. Strand exchange is a key step of recombination - it is catalysed by RecA in bacteria, Rad51/Dmc1 in eukaryotes and RadA in archaea. RadB, a paralogue of RadA, is present in many archaeal species. RadB has previously been proposed to function as a recombination mediator, assisting in RadA-mediated strand exchange...
April 26, 2017: DNA Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499394/sar1a-promoter-polymorphisms-are-not-associated-with-fetal-hemoglobin-in-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease-from-cameroon
#18
Gift Dineo Pule, Valentina Josiane Ngo Bitoungui, Bernard Chetcha Chemegni, Andre Pascal Kengne, Ambroise Wonkam
BACKGROUND: Reactivation of adult hemoglobin (HbF) is currently a dominant therapeutic approach to sickle cell disease (SCD). In this study, we have investigated among SCD patients from Cameroon, the association of HbF level and variants in the HU-inducible small guanosine triphosphate-binding protein, secretion-associated and RAS-related (SAR1a) protein, previously shown to be associated with HbF after HU treatment in African American SCD patients. RESULTS: Only patients >5 years old were included; hemoglobin electrophoresis and a full blood count were conducted upon arrival at the hospital...
May 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497977/effect-of-amino-acid-substitutions-within-the-v3-region-of-hiv-1-crf01_ae-on-interaction-with-ccr5-coreceptor
#19
Sayamon Hongjaisee, Martine Braibant, Francis Barin, Nicole Ngo-Giang-Huong, Wasna Sirirungsi, Tanawan Samleerat
Specific amino acids within the V3 loop of HIV-1 CRF01_AE envelope glycoprotein that are involved in the interaction with CCR5/CXCR4 coreceptors, are not well characterized. We generated V3 mutants using PCR-based site-directed mutagenesis of HIV-1 CRF01_AE R5-env plasmids at specific positions. Mutant viruses were produced by env-pseudotyped virus assay, tested for coreceptor usage using U373.R5 and U373.X4 cells, and viral entry was assessed with luciferase activity measurement. All viruses, harboring either single or double mutations, used the CCR5 coreceptor...
May 12, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497901/risk-factors-of-periodontal-disease-in-vietnamese-patients
#20
Thuy A V Pham, Thoai Q Kieu, Lan T Q Ngo
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the association of periodontitis with dental and smoking behaviors, self-perception of oral status, dental knowledge, and obesity in Vietnamese patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 367 adults who first visited the Faculty of Odonto-Stomatology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Information on demographic characteristics, dental and smoking behaviors, self-perception of oral status, dental knowledge, and nutritional status was investigated by a self-administered questionnaire...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
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