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Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760925/methimazole-induced-anca-associated-vasculitis-with-diffuse-alveolar-haemorrhage
#1
Naoki Arai, Kenji Nemoto, Shuji Oh-Ishi, Mizu Nonaka, Kenji Hayashihara, Takefumi Saito
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) caused by methimazole (MMI) is known to be relatively rare; therefore, the optimal therapeutic approach for these cases remains to be established. A 59-year-old man who was treated with MMI for a diagnosis of Graves' disease was referred to our hospital because of progressive haemoptysis. The patient was diagnosed with diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH) secondary to AAV based on increased inflammatory reactions with positive myeloperoxidase-ANCA in the serum and the results of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid...
July 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754328/hbsag-negative-and-anti-hbc-positive-in-eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-a-retrospective-pilot-study
#2
Sang-Won Lee, Do Young Kim, Sang Hoon Ahn, Yong-Beom Park, Kwang-Hyub Han, Jun Yong Park
We examined whether resolved hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection was associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV), and affected AAV activity at diagnosis and prognosis during the follow-up. We reviewed the electronic medical records of 153 AAV patients, and included 91 hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-negative patients having results of both antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) and surface antigen (anti-HBs). We collected clinical and laboratory data, Birmingham vasculitis activity score (BVAS) and five factor scores (FFS) at diagnosis and relapse rates during the follow-up...
May 12, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745882/the-adenosinergic-system-a-potential-player-in-the-pathogenesis-of-anca-associated-vasculitis
#3
REVIEW
Lovis Kling, Bernhard K Krämer, Benito A Yard, Anna-Isabelle Kälsch
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is a potentially lethal autoimmune disease whose pathology comprises disturbed T cell differentiation and functionality accompanied by dysfunctional autoreactive immunoglobulin development, culminating in destructive innate immune response as well. Purines, adenine nucleotides and adenosine in particular, have been elucidated as potent extracellular mediators for fine adjustment of these pivotal processes establishing human immunity. Therefore, the extracellular purinergic microenvironment is under control of ectonucleotidases CD39 and CD73 degrading pro-inflammatory adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to anti-inflammatory adenosine as well as adenosine deaminase bound to CD26 deactivating adenosine...
May 3, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736379/antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-vasculitides-with-renal-involvement-open-challenges-in-the-remission-induction-therapy
#4
REVIEW
Maurizio Salvadori, Aris Tsalouchos
Renal involvement with rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis is a common manifestation of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated vasculitides, which is characterized by end-stage renal disease and high mortality rates in untreated and/or late referral patients. The long-term renal survival has improved dramatically since the addition of cyclophosphamide (CYC) and recently of rituximab (RTX) in association with corticosteroids in the remission induction therapeutic regimens. However, renal prognosis remains unfavorable for many patients and the mortality rate is still significantly high...
May 6, 2018: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733413/urinary-angiotensinogen-an-indicator-of-active-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-glomerulonephritis
#5
Liling Wu, Manqiu Yang, Xiaogang Feng, Lingwei Jin, Chunyi Wu, Shuang Cui, Zhanmei Zhou, Xiaohong Zhong, Meng Shi, Zhichen Yang, Wei Cao
Background: One of the major challenges in improving the management of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated glomerulonephritis (ANCA-GN) is the lack of a disease-specific indicator for histological lesions and disease activity. Here we tested the utility of urinary angiotensinogen (UAGT) as a biomarker of renal disease activity in ANCA-GN. Methods: A prospective, two-stage cohort study was performed in ANCA-GN patients. In Stage I, UAGT was measured at the time of renal biopsy in 69 patients from two centers (test set) and 25 patients from two other centers (validation set)...
May 4, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731498/a-case-of-anti-glomerular-basement-membrane-antibody-positive-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-with-pulmonary-hemorrhage-successfully-treated-at-an-early-stage-of-the-disease
#6
Takehisa Yamada, Koji Mugishima, Seiichiro Higo, Yukie Yoshida, Fumiaki Itagaki, Shizuka Yui, Tetsuya Kashiwagi, Yoko Endo, Akira Shimizu, Shuichi Tsuruoka
We report here a case of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with pulmonary hemorrhage and anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) antibodies. A 42-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with complaints of exanthema, arthralgia, shortness of breath, and hemoptysis. Plain chest computed tomography (CT) scan revealed pericardial effusion, bilateral pleural effusions, and pulmonary hemorrhage. Laboratory findings on admission revealed proteinuria, microscopic hematuria, anemia, leukopenia, hypoalbuminemia, hypocomplementemia, and slightly elevated levels of serum creatinine...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724730/metabolic-pathways-and-immunometabolism-in-rare-kidney-diseases
#7
Peter C Grayson, Sean Eddy, Jaclyn N Taroni, Yaíma L Lightfoot, Laura Mariani, Hemang Parikh, Maja T Lindenmeyer, Wenjun Ju, Casey S Greene, Brad Godfrey, Clemens D Cohen, Jeffrey Krischer, Matthias Kretzler, Peter A Merkel
OBJECTIVES: To characterise renal tissue metabolic pathway gene expression in different forms of glomerulonephritis. METHODS: Patients with nephrotic syndrome (NS), antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and healthy living donors (LD) were studied. Clinically indicated renal biopsies were obtained at time of diagnosis and microdissected into glomerular and tubulointerstitial compartments. Microarray-derived differential gene expression of 88 genes representing critical enzymes of metabolic pathways and 25 genes related to immune cell markers was compared between disease groups...
May 3, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724729/long-term-efficacy-of-remission-maintenance-regimens-for-anca-associated-vasculitides
#8
Benjamin Terrier, Christian Pagnoux, Élodie Perrodeau, Adexandre Karras, Chahera Khouatra, Olivier Aumaître, Pascal Cohen, Olivier Decaux, Hélène Desmurs-Clavel, François Maurier, Pierre Gobert, Thomas Quémeneur, Claire Blanchard-Delaunay, Bernard Bonnotte, Pierre-Louis Carron, Eric Daugas, Marize Ducret, Pascal Godmer, Mohamed Hamidou, Olivier Lidove, Nicolas Limal, Xavier Puéchal, Luc Mouthon, Philippe Ravaud, Loïc Guillevin
OBJECTIVE: To compare long-term efficacy of remission-maintenance regimens in patients with newly diagnosed or relapsing antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated vasculitides. METHODS: The 28-month Maintenance of Remission using Rituximab in Systemic ANCA-associated Vasculitis trial compared rituximab with azathioprine to maintain remission in patients with newly diagnosed or relapsing granulomatosis with polyangiitis, microscopic polyangiitis or renal-limited ANCA-associated vasculitis...
May 3, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724728/urinary-epidermal-growth-factor-predicts-renal-prognosis-in-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-vasculitis
#9
Liang Wu, Xiao-Qian Li, Tanvi Goyal, Sean Eddy, Matthias Kretzler, Wen-Jun Ju, Min Chen, Ming-Hui Zhao
INTRODUCTION: The current study aimed to investigate the association between urinary epidermal growth factor (uEGF) and renal disease severity and outcomes in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). METHODS: Intrarenal EGF mRNA expression was extracted from transcriptomic data of microdissected tubulointerstitial compartments of kidney biopsies of patients with AAV. uEGF was measured in 173 patients with AAV in active stage and 143 in remission, and normalised to urine creatinine excretion (uEGF/Cr)...
May 3, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703022/adolescent-pr3-anca-positive-hypertrophic-pachymeningitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Kotaro Matsumoto, Mitsuhiro Akiyama, Nobuhiko Kajio, Kotaro Otomo, Kazuko Suzuki, Naoshi Nishina, Kento Kasuya, Naoki Oishi, Kaori Kameyama, Tsutomu Takeuchi
RATIONALE: Hypertrophic pachymeningitis (HP) is an uncommon, life-threatening disease that is seen in elderly patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) positivity. Proteinase-3 (PR3)-ANCA-positive HP has not been reported in adolescents. Here, we report the first case of adolescent PR3-ANCA-positive HP successfully treated with immunosuppressive therapy. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 14-year-old female presented with fullness and pain in her right ear unresponsive to antibiotics...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695500/comparison-of-individually-tailored-versus-fixed-schedule-rituximab-regimen-to-maintain-anca-associated-vasculitis-remission-results-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-phase-iii-trial-mainritsan2
#11
Pierre Charles, Benjamin Terrier, Élodie Perrodeau, Pascal Cohen, Stanislas Faguer, Antoine Huart, Mohamed Hamidou, Christian Agard, Bernard Bonnotte, Maxime Samson, Alexandre Karras, Noémie Jourde-Chiche, François Lifermann, Pierre Gobert, Catherine Hanrotel-Saliou, Pascal Godmer, Nicolas Martin-Silva, Grégory Pugnet, Marie Matignon, Olivier Aumaitre, Jean-François Viallard, François Maurier, Nadine Meaux-Ruault, Sophie Rivière, Jean Sibilia, Xavier Puéchal, Philippe Ravaud, Luc Mouthon, Loïc Guillevin
OBJECTIVE: To compare individually tailored, based on trimestrial biological parameter monitoring, to fixed-schedule rituximab reinfusion for remission maintenance of antineutrophil cytoplasm antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides (AAVs). METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed or relapsing granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) or microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) in complete remission after induction therapy were included in an open-label, multicentre, randomised controlled trial...
April 25, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692989/the-convergence-of-vasculopathy-and-vasculitis-computer-mapping-analysis-of-2-renal-biopsies-in-a-patient-with-both-systemic-sclerosis-and-anca-related-vasculitis
#12
Jia Xu, Milan Rosen, Christina I Luffman, Charles Law, Anita Laloo, Seymour Rosen, Beverly E Faulkner-Jones
Scleroderma vasculopathy and ANCA (antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies)-associated glomerulonephritis have rarely been reported to occur simultaneously in one patient. Herein, we report a patient who presented with a classic constellation of clinical and laboratory findings of systemic scleroderma and was subsequently found to be positive for p-ANCA. Two renal biopsies, performed 5 months apart, demonstrated typical changes of the two entities in both acute and "healed" phases, which were analyzed by computer mapping techniques...
January 2018: Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685012/evaluating-the-utility-of-autoantibodies-for-disease-activity-and-relapse-in-giant-cell-arteritis
#13
T Kuret, K Lakota, A Hočevar, B Burja, S Čučnik, S Sodin-Semrl
In patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA), autoantibodies against cytoskeletal elements, cardiolipin, neutrophil cytoplasmic antigens, ferritin, endothelial and smooth muscle cells have been reported, however no updated reviews are available evaluating their clinical utility. Methodology of detection is important, especially for quantitative assays, e.g. enzyme-linked immunoassays and multiplex beadbased immunoassays, while semiquantitative assays contribute valuable data on isoforms, epitope mapping and cellular localization...
March 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684034/effect-of-plasma-exchange-on-in-hospital-mortality-in-patients-with-pulmonary-hemorrhage-secondary-to-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-vasculitis-a-propensity-matched-analysis-using-a-nationwide-administrative-database
#14
Eishi Uechi, Masato Okada, Kiyohide Fushimi
BACKGROUND: Secondary pulmonary hemorrhage increases the risk of mortality in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV); plasma exchange therapy may improve outcomes in these patients. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to investigate the effect of plasma exchange therapy on short-term prognoses in patients with pulmonary hemorrhage secondary to AAV. METHODS: This study utilized the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database, which is a nationwide inpatient database in Japan...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679168/late-restoration-of-renal-function-in-patients-with-severe-anca-associated-glomerulonephritis-who-were-dialysis-dependent-at-presentation
#15
Tian-Tian Ma, Yi-Ran Liu, Min Chen, Ming-Hui Zhao
In antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV), many patients with severe renal dysfunction are on dialysis at presentation. Among those who got rid of dialysis finally, renal restoration happened mostly within the first 3 months of treatment. However, in clinical practice, we occasionally encountered patients who got rid of dialysis after 3 months. The current study investigated clinical and pathological features of AAV patients with so-called delayed renal function restoration...
April 20, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676040/can-genetic-studies-predict-treatment-response-in-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-vasculitis
#16
Masayoshi Harigai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674403/unexpected-case-of-pneumomediastinum-and-subcutaneous-emphysema-primary-or-secondary-aetiology
#17
Amanda J L Cheng, Timothy J Sadler
A 77-year-old man was admitted with a relapse of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-positive vasculitis with pulmonary involvement and acute kidney injury. There was a background of pulmonary fibrosis (non-specific interstitial pneumonia type pattern) and superadded pulmonary haemorrhage, acute pulmonary oedema and sepsis. The patient was intubated for 4 days and remained dependent on high flow oxygen and continuous positive airway pressure after extubation. A chest radiograph performed 2 weeks after extubation demonstrated unexpected, extensive pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673090/maintenance-of-remission-in-antineutrophil-cytoplasm-antibody-associated-vasculitides
#18
Loïc Guillevin, Benjamin Terrier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667942/smoking-is-a-risk-factor-for-relapse-of-antimyeloperoxidase-antibodies-associated-vasculitis
#19
Makoto Yamaguchi, Masahiko Ando, Takayuki Katsuno, Naotake Tsuboi, Shoichi Maruyama
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Several studies have identified predictors of relapse in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated small-vessel vasculitis. However, the role of smoking as a risk factor of relapse has not been elucidated. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate whether a history of smoking is a dose-dependent independent risk factor for antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated small-vessel vasculitis relapse. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective cohort study included 122 patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) from 9 nephrology centers in Japan...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652700/overall-disability-sum-score-for-clinical-assessment-of-neurological-involvement-in-eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis
#20
Roberto Padoan, Maddalena Marconato, Mara Felicetti, Francesco Cinetto, Mariachiara Cerchiaro, Francesca Rizzo, Renzo Marcolongo, Leonardo Punzi, Carlo Agostini, Franco Schiavon
AIM: The aim of this study was to verify the application of Overall Disability Sum Score (ODSS) for standardized clinical assessment of neurological involvement in patients with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) and its correlation with treatment response and long-term outcomes. METHODS: Consecutive EGPA patients referred to our tertiary vasculitis center were retrospectively evaluated. Patients' neurological damage and disability were systematically assessed with Vasculitis Damage Index and ODSS...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
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