keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

evidence-based design

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107374/combining-social-norms-and-social-marketing-to-address-underage-drinking-development-and-process-evaluation-of-a-whole-of-community-intervention
#1
Sandra C Jones, Kelly Andrews, Kate Francis
Youth alcohol consumption has been steadily declining in Australia, as in other countries; fewer young people are drinking and the age of initiation is increasing. However, young people, their parents and others in their communities continue to believe that adolescent (excessive) drinking is the norm. This perception, and the concurrent misperception that the majority of parents are happy to provide their underage children with alcohol, creates a perceived culture of acceptance of youth alcohol consumption...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107320/chemotherapy-safe-handling-limiting-nursing-exposure-with-a-hazardous-drug-control-program
#2
Rachael Crickman
BACKGROUND: Nurses and other healthcare workers are at risk for adverse health consequences from occupational exposure to hazardous drugs. 
. OBJECTIVES: An evidence-based program for nurses was implemented to improve safe handling practices and reduce exposure to hazardous drugs. 
. METHODS: A quasiexperimental design was used, with pre- and post-tests of knowledge about chemotherapy exposure and pre- and post-test observations of compliance with donning and doffing personal protective equipment (PPE)...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107274/the-sluscore-a-novel-method-for-detecting-hazardous-hypotension-in-adult-patients-undergoing-noncardiac-surgical-procedures
#3
Wolf H Stapelfeldt, Hui Yuan, Jefferson K Dryden, Kristen E Strehl, Jacek B Cywinski, Jesse M Ehrenfeld, Pamela Bromley
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that longer-term postsurgical outcome may be adversely affected by less than severe hypotension under anesthesia. However, evidence-based guidelines are unavailable. The present study was designed to develop a method for identifying patients at increased risk of death within 30 days in association with the severity and duration of intraoperative hypotension. METHODS: Intraoperative mean arterial blood pressure recordings of 152,445 adult patients undergoing noncardiac surgery were analyzed for periods of time accumulated below each one of the 31 thresholds between 75 and 45 mm Hg (hypotensive exposure times)...
January 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107251/internet-delivered-self-management-support-for-improving-coronary-heart-disease-and-self-management-related-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#4
Jorge Palacios, Geraldine A Lee, Maria Duaso, Abigail Clifton, Ian J Norman, Derek Richards, Elizabeth Alexandra Barley
INTRODUCTION: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, including mental health comorbidity, which is associated with poor outcomes. Self-management is key, but there is limited access to self-management support. Internet-delivered interventions may increase access. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review to (1) determine the effectiveness of Internet-delivered CHD self-management support for improving CHD, mood, and self-management related outcomes and (2) identify and describe essential components for effectiveness...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106904/planned-early-delivery-versus-expectant-management-for-hypertensive-disorders-from-34-weeks-gestation-to-term
#5
REVIEW
Catherine Cluver, Natalia Novikova, Corine M Koopmans, Helen M West
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are significant contributors to maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. These disorders include well-controlled chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension (pregnancy-induced hypertension) and mild pre-eclampsia. The definitive treatment for these disorders is planned early delivery and the alternative is to manage the pregnancy expectantly if severe uncontrolled hypertension is not present, with close maternal and fetal monitoring...
January 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106589/from-entry-to-practice-to-advanced-nurse-practitioner-the-progression-of-competencies-and-how-they-assist-in-delivery-of-ehealth-programs-for-healthy-ageing
#6
Daragh Rodger, Pamela Hussey
Most of the health issues encountered in persons of older age are the result of one or more chronic diseases. The evidence base reports that chronic diseases can be prevented or delayed by engaging in healthy behaviors. Education provides a cost effective intervention on both economic grounds in addition to delivery of optimal patient outcomes. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) increasingly is viewed as a critical utility in eHealth delivery, providing scope for expanding online education facilities for older persons...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105761/walking-sustainability-and-health-findings-from-a-study-of-a-walking-for-health-group
#7
Gordon Grant, Kasia Machaczek, Nick Pollard, Peter Allmark
Not only is it tacitly understood that walking is good for health and well-being but there is also now robust evidence to support this link. There is also growing evidence that regular short walks can be a protective factor for a range of long-term health conditions. Walking in the countryside can bring additional benefits, but access to the countryside brings complexities, especially for people with poorer material resources and from different ethnic communities. Reasons for people taking up walking as a physical activity are reasonably well understood, but factors linked to sustained walking, and therefore sustained benefit, are not...
January 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105193/pleomorphic-lobular-carcinoma-in-situ-current-evidence-and-a-systemic-review
#8
Umar Wazir, Ali Wazir, Clive Wells, Kefah Mokbel
Pleomorphic lobular carcinoma in situ (PLCIS) has only recently been identified as a distinct pathological entity within classic lobular carcinoma in situ (CLCIS). As such, there is currently no consensus among clinicians regarding the optimal treatment of this disease. The present study determined the risk of concomitant invasive disease and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) if PLCIS is observed on core needle biopsy (CNB) and collated the evidence regarding the risk of recurrence in relation to surgical margins and adjuvant therapy...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104470/a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-a-primary-palliative-care-intervention-connect-for-patients-with-advanced-cancer-protocol-and-key-design-considerations
#9
Claire L Becker, Robert M Arnold, Seo Young Park, Margaret Rosenzweig, Thomas J Smith, Douglas B White, Kenneth J Smith, Yael Schenker
BACKGROUND: The addition of specialty palliative care to standard oncology care improves outcomes for patients with advanced cancer and their caregivers, but many lack access to specialty care services. Primary palliative care-meaning basic palliative care services provided by clinicians who are not palliative care specialists-is an alternative approach that has not been rigorously evaluated. METHODS: A cluster randomized, controlled trial of the CONNECT (Care management by Oncology Nurses to address supportive care needs) intervention, an oncology nurse-led care management approach to providing primary palliative care for patients with advanced cancer and their family caregivers, is currently underway at 16 oncology practices in Western Pennsylvania...
January 16, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104385/an-evidence-based-approach-to-surgical-teaching-in-ophthalmology
#10
Alice C Lorch, Carolyn E Kloek
An apprenticeship model has traditionally been used in procedural and surgical teaching. As the pressures of work hours and patient outcome monitoring increase, surgical teachers need a more flexible plan for teaching procedural skills. We attempt to delineate a program of pre-, intra-, and post- procedural teaching that can be used in the field of ophthalmology to maximize a resident's skill acquisition in a constructive learning environment.We review the literature on surgical teaching from within ophthalmology as well as other surgical fields and combine this with teaching experience in an ophthalmic surgical training program to produce a collection of procedural teaching guidelines...
January 16, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104054/caregiver-burden-among-caregivers-of-individuals-with-severe-mental-illness-testing-the-moderation-and-mediation-models-of-resilience
#11
Zamzaliza Abdul Mulud, Geraldine McCarthy
The association between the socio-demographic characteristics of caregivers, such as gender and caregiver burden, is well documented; however, the process underlying this relationship is poorly understood. Based on the stress process model, we designed a cross-sectional study to examine the mediating and moderating effect of resilience on the relationship between gender and caregiver burden. Caregivers of individuals with severe mental illness (n=201) were recruited in two psychiatric outpatient clinics in Malaysia...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103960/knowing-your-genes-does-this-impact-behaviour-change
#12
Clare B O'Donovan, Marianne C Walsh, Michael J Gibney, Lorraine Brennan, Eileen R Gibney
It is postulated that knowledge of genotype may be more powerful than other types of personalised information in terms of motivating behaviour change. However, there is also a danger that disclosure of genetic risk may promote a fatalistic attitude and demotivate individuals. The original concept of personalised nutrition (PN) focused on genotype-based tailored dietary advice; however, PN can also be delivered based on assessment of dietary intake and phenotypic measures. Whilst dietitians currently provide PN advice based on diet and phenotype, genotype-based PN advice is not so readily available...
January 20, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103836/rapid-reduction-of-maternal-mortality-in-uganda-and-zambia-through-the-saving-mothers-giving-life-initiative-results-of-year-1-evaluation
#13
Florina Serbanescu, Howard I Goldberg, Isabella Danel, Tadesse Wuhib, Lawrence Marum, Walter Obiero, James McAuley, Jane Aceng, Ewlyn Chomba, Paul W Stupp, Claudia Morrissey Conlon
BACKGROUND: Achieving maternal mortality reduction as a development goal remains a major challenge in most low-resource countries. Saving Mothers, Giving Life (SMGL) is a multi-partner initiative designed to reduce maternal mortality rapidly in high mortality settings through community and facility evidence-based interventions and district-wide health systems strengthening that could reduce delays to appropriate obstetric care. METHODS: An evaluation employing multiple studies and data collection methods was used to compare baseline maternal outcomes to those during Year 1 in SMGL pilot districts in Uganda and Zambia...
January 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103723/scholar-outcomes-for-dental-internship-research-program-in-saudi-arabia-a-qualitative-evaluation
#14
Laila A Bahammam, Amal I Linjawi
OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential, challenges and needs for internship research activities in achieving scholar outcomes among graduates. METHODS: A qualitative general needs assessment and evaluation of an internship research program was conducted at King Abdulaziz University, Faculty of Dentistry (KAUFD), KSA, from December 2014 to February 2015 using focus groups and interviews. The participants included: administrates, faculty, and internship students. Data were transcribed and analyzed following the grounded theory...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103721/evidence-based-medicine-ebm-for-undergraduate-medical-students-a-six-step-integrative-approach
#15
Hani Atwa, Adel Abdelaziz
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, there is an increasing interest in practicing evidence-based medicine (EBM) to provide valid and up-to-date information about health problems and procedures for solving these problems. However, studying EBM among other medical education disciplines remains unsatisfactory. AIM: To design and pilot a basic course on EBM for undergraduate medical students in order to raise the awareness of the Saudi medical education community about this discipline...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103179/theory-based-formative-research-on-an-anti-cyberbullying-victimization-intervention-message
#16
Matthew W Savage, Douglas M Deiss, Anthony J Roberto, Elias Aboujaoude
Cyberbullying is a common byproduct of the digital revolution with serious consequences to victims. Unfortunately, there is a dearth of empirically based methods to confront it. This study used social cognitive theory to design and test an intervention message aimed at persuading college students to abstain from retaliation, seek social support, save evidence, and notify authorities-important victim responses identified and recommended in previous research. Using a posttest-only control group design, this study tested the effectiveness of an intervention message in changing college students' perceived susceptibility to and perceived severity of cyberbullying as well as their self-efficacy, response efficacy, attitudes, and behavioral intentions toward each recommended response in future episodes of cyberbullying...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103066/practice-based-evidence-in-community-guide-systematic-reviews
#17
Namita Vaidya, Anilkrishna B Thota, Krista K Proia, Sara Jamieson, Shawna L Mercer, Randy W Elder, Paula Yoon, Rachel Kaufmann, Stephanie Zaza
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relative contributions and quality of practice-based evidence (PBE) and research-based evidence (RBE) in The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide). METHODS: We developed operational definitions for PBE and RBE in which the main distinguishing feature was whether allocation of participants to intervention and comparison conditions was under the control of researchers (RBE) or not (PBE). We conceptualized a continuum between RBE and PBE...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102993/status-report-the-public-health-and-planning-101-project-strengthening-collaborations-between-the-public-health-and-planning-professions
#18
A Mahendra, T Vo, C Einstoss, J Weppler, P Gillen, L Ryan, K Haley
INTRODUCTION: Land use planning is a complex field comprised of legislation, policies, processes and tools. A growing body of evidence supports the relationship between land use planning decisions, community design and health. The built environment has been shown to be associated with physical inactivity, obesity, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease and mental illness. Consequently, there is a growing interest within public health to work with planners on land use planning initiatives such as official plans and transportation master plans...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102860/psychological-interventions-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#19
Sarah Ballou, Laurie Keefer
Psychological interventions have been designed and implemented effectively in a wide range of medical conditions, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD). The psychological treatments for IBS and IBD with the strongest evidence base include: cognitive behavioral therapy, hypnosis, and mindfulness-based therapies. The evidence for each of these therapies is reviewed here for both IBS and IBD. In general, there is a stronger and larger evidence base to support the use of psychological interventions in IBS compared with IBD...
January 19, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102524/heat-transfer-capability-of-ethylene-glycol-water-based-nanofluids-containing-graphene-nanoplatelets-design-and-thermophysical-profile
#20
D Cabaleiro, L Colla, S Barison, L Lugo, L Fedele, S Bobbo
This research aims at studying the stability and thermophysical properties of nanofluids designed as dispersions of sulfonic acid-functionalized graphene nanoplatelets in an (ethylene glycol + water) mixture at (10:90)% mass ratio. Nanofluid preparation conditions were defined through a stability analysis based on zeta potential and dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements. Thermal conductivity, dynamic viscosity, and density were experimentally measured in the temperature range from 283.15 to 343.15 K and nanoparticle mass concentrations of up to 0...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
keyword
keyword
13590
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"