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Occupational health medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318462/the-epidemiology-of-operation-stress-during-continuing-promise-2011-a-humanitarian-response-and-disaster-relief-mission-aboard-a-us-navy-hospital-ship
#1
William T Scouten, Melissa L Mehalick, Elizabeth Yoder, Andrea McCoy, Tracy Brannock, Mark S Riddle
Introduction Operational stress describes individual behavior in response to the occupational demands and tempo of a mission. The stress response of military personnel involved in combat and peace-keeping missions has been well-described. The spectrum of effect on medical professionals and support staff providing humanitarian assistance, however, is less well delineated. Research to date concentrates mainly on shore-based humanitarian missions. Problem The goal of the current study was to document the pattern of operational stress, describe factors responsible for it, and the extent to which these factors impact job performance in military and civilian participants of Continuing Promise 2011 (CP11), a ship-based humanitarian medical mission...
March 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303693/the-opinions-of-radiographers-nuclear-medicine-technologists-and-radiation-therapists-regarding-technology-in-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#2
Sil Aarts, Forra Cornelis, Yke Zevenboom, Patrick Brokken, Nicole van de Griend, Miriam Spoorenberg, Wendy Ten Bokum, Eveline Wouters
INTRODUCTION: New technology is continuously introduced in health care. The aim of this study was (1) to collect the opinions and experiences of radiographers, nuclear medicine technologists and radiation therapists regarding the technology they use in their profession and (2) to acquire their views regarding the role of technology in their future practice. METHODS: Participants were recruited from five departments in five hospitals in The Netherlands. All radiographers, nuclear medicine therapists and radiation therapists who were working in these departments were invited to participate (n = 252)...
March 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292189/translating-agricultural-health-and-medicine-education-across-the-pacific-a-united-states-and-australian-comparison-study
#3
Susan A Brumby, Josie Ruldolphi, Diane Rohlman, Kelley J Donham
BACKGROUND: Populations in agricultural communities require<b> </b>health care that is interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral to address the high rate of workplace deaths, preventable injuries and illness. These rates are compounded by limited access to services and the distinctive personal values and culture of farming populations, which both health and rural practitioners must be aware of to reduce the gap between rural and urban population health outcomes. To address the unique health and medical characteristics of agricultural populations, education in agricultural medicine was established through the College of Medicine and the College of Public Health at the University of Iowa in the USA...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289631/effect-of-a-caregiver-s-education-program-on-stroke-rehabilitation
#4
Sang-Eun Hong, Chang-Hwan Kim, Ee-Jin Kim, Kyung-Lim Joa, Tae-Hyun Kim, Sang-Keun Kim, Hee-Jun Han, Eui-Chang Lee, Han-Young Jung
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of caregiver's education program on their satisfaction, as well as patient functional recovery, performed in addition to daily conventional rehabilitation treatment. METHODS: Three hundred eleven subjects diagnosed with first-onset stroke and transferred to the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of Inha University Hospital were surveyed. In 2015, caregivers attended an education program for acute and subacute stroke patients...
February 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253230/short-sleep-duration-by-occupation-group-29-states-2013-2014
#5
Taylor M Shockey, Anne G Wheaton
The American Academy of Sleep Medicine and the Sleep Research Society have determined that adults require ≥7 hours of sleep per day to promote optimal health (1). Short sleep duration (<7 hours per day) has been linked to adverse health outcomes including cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, depression, and anxiety, as well as safety issues related to drowsy driving and injuries (1,2). Additional research has found that sleep duration varies by characteristics such as race, education, marital status, obesity, and cigarette smoking (3)...
March 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253201/a-multiple-methods-approach-radiation-associated-cataracts-and-occupational-radiation-safety-practices-in-interventionalists-in-south-africa
#6
A Rose, W I D Rae, P Chikobvu, W Marais
Ionising radiation is a modality used in diagnostic and therapeutic medicine. The technology has improved and resulted in lower dose exposure but there has been an escalation in the quantity of procedures, their duration and complexity. These factors have meant increased occupational radiation exposure for interventionalists. Ionising radiation exposure can have detrimental health effects and includes radiation skin burns, various carcinomas, genetic and chromosomal aberrations and cataractogenesis of the lenses of the eye...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245008/-analysis-of-tasks-of-occupational-health-services-accomplished-in-poland-1997-2014-do-we-exploit-the-full-potential-of-prophylactic-examinations-of-workers
#7
Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Mariola Wojda, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa, Wojciech Hanke, Konrad Rydzyński
BACKGROUND: Mandatory medical reports can be used to evaluate the scope of activity of occupational health services (OHS), including the number and kind of services. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis comprised data for the period 1997-2014, derived from mandatory reports MZ-35A submitted by OHS units. RESULTS: During the analyzed period the number of occupational medicine physicians decreased from 8507 to 6741, while the number of OHS units - responsible for prophylactic care - increased from 4967 to 6261...
February 28, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241682/-an-investigation-of-reproductive-health-and-related-influencing-factors-in-female-staff-in-six-industries-in-seven-provinces-in-china
#8
M Xu, W L Yu, Z L Xing, H Y Yao, J F Sun, C Y Yu
Objective: To investigate the reproductive health status in female staff, and to develop labor protection strategies for female staff. Methods: From May to November, 2015, cluster sampling was performed in the industries of medicine and health, petrochemical engineering, metallurgy, railway, mechanical manufacturing, and electronics in seven provinces (municipalities directly under the Central Government and autonomous regions) . A questionnaire surveywas performed for female staff, and the investigation covered general information, occupational history andexposure to occupational hazards, and reproductive health and childbearing history...
December 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240732/primary-health-care-and-occupational-health-results-from-a-survey-on-general-practitioners-of-the-province-of-monza-and-brianza
#9
Michele Augusto Riva, Michael Belingheri, Elisabetta Castiglioni, Chiara Bonazzi
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has been asking for greater collaboration between occupational medicine and primary care for many years. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the knowledge of general practitioners (GPs) working in a province of Lombardy about occupational health issues and their experiences with work-related problems among their patients. METHODS: Data were collected by telephone interview to GPs, using a 25-item questionnaire...
February 15, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229917/factors-related-to-self-directed-learning-readiness-of-students-in-health-professional-programs-a-scoping-review
#10
REVIEW
Craig E Slater, Anne Cusick
BACKGROUND: Academic and professional drivers have stimulated interest in self-directed learning of students in pre-certification health professional programs. Particular attention has focussed on factors which may influence a students' readiness for self-directed learning. METHOD: A five stage structured scoping review of published literature was conducted to identify measures of self-directed learning readiness used with students in pre-certification health professional programs and those factors that have been investigated as potential determinants...
February 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225541/perceived-barriers-to-adherence-to-tuberculosis-infection-control-measures-among-health-care-workers-in-the-dominican-republic
#11
Helena J Chapman, Bienvenido A Veras-Estévez, Jamie L Pomeranz, Eddy N Pérez-Then, Belkys Marcelino, Michael Lauzardo
INTRODUCTION Health care workers have an increased risk of infection due to occupational Mycobacterium tuberculosis exposure, including multidrug-resistant strains. Health care workers' risk of developing tuberculosis is greater than that of the general population, whether in low-, intermediate- or high-incidence countries. Adherence to infection control measures (administrative controls, environmental controls, and personal respiratory protection) is essential to reduce risk of disease transmission between suspected tuberculosis patients and health care workers, but for different reasons, both objective and subjective, adherence is low...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219279/the-medicalization-of-health-and-shared-responsibility
#12
Gianmarco Contino
Public, occupational and environmental health are relatively novel disciplines compared to the ancient history of medicine. Their development, together with a more insightful knowledge of the human pathophysiology (this more usual term is the one used in the article itself), have progressively expanded the field of investigation of medicine to environmental, behavioural and genetic factors that favour the development of certain medical conditions. As a result we have developed numerous additional strategies to monitor health and prevent disease, including interventions in anticipation of diseases themselves when patients are still healthy or in a grey area of increased risk...
April 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192056/the-psychosocial-challenges-of-caring-for-patients-with-ebola-virus-disease
#13
Matthew W Smith, Philip W Smith, Christopher J Kratochvil, Shelly Schwedhelm
Caring for highly infectious patients in biocontainment units is a new phenomenon, and little is known about the behavioral health of workers in this setting. This is a qualitative study exploring the unique experiences of workers involved in the care of patients with Ebola virus disease (EVD) at Nebraska Medicine during the 2014 Ebola outbreak. Twenty-one in-depth interviews were conducted focused on topics of personal memories, interpersonal experiences, stress response, and patient management. Five themes were identified: (1) positive experiences were emotional while challenges were technical; (2) a significant percentage of workers encountered interpersonal stressors, with 29% of respondents having feelings of isolation, 33% having alterations in home life, and 25% experiencing at least 1 episode of discrimination; (3) physicians and nurses had stressors primarily related to patient care; (4) mental health was an important supportive service, with 45% of respondents using behavioral health counseling; and (5) working in the biocontainment unit during activation was more stressful than everyday work for 60% of respondents...
January 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152832/estimating-the-cost-savings-of-a-comprehensive-hospital-based-palliative-care-program
#14
Chunhua Lu, John P McQuade, Thomas J Smith, A Rab Razzak
2 Background: In FY 2012, Johns Hopkins Medicine (JHM) established a palliative care inpatient unit (PCU). The PCU received patients as transfers and direct admissions. PCUs can improve care (Roza K, et al. JPM 2015) and lower per diem costs compared to usual care (Smith TJ, et al. JPM 2003; Goldstein J, et al. JPSM 2015). This project studied the financial impact of the PCU and PC program on JHM. METHODS: Using one fiscal year of admissions, the team calculated the per day variable cost of pre-transfer in to palliative care (from ED) and palliative care transfer...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150122/use-of-non-conventional-medicine-two-years-after-cancer-diagnosis-in-france-evidence-from-the-vican-survey
#15
Aline Sarradon-Eck, Anne-Déborah Bouhnik, Dominique Rey, Marc-Karim Bendiane, Laetitia Huiart, Patrick Peretti-Watel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the use of non-conventional medicine (NCM) in a representative sample of French patients 2 years after cancer diagnosis. METHODS: The study was based on data obtained in the VICAN survey (2012) on a representative sample of 4349 patients 2 years after cancer diagnosis. Self-reported data were collected at telephone interviews with patients. The questionnaire addressed the various types of non-conventional treatments used at the time of the survey...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140704/promotion-of-role-clarification-in-the-health-care-team-challenge
#16
C C Hudson, S Gauvin, R Tabanfar, A M Poffenroth, J S Lee, A L O'Riordan
Interprofessional collaboration has consistently been associated with positive client-care outcomes. Role clarification is one facet of interprofessional collaboration that is thought to be crucial for effective interprofessional team functioning. Given the positive outcomes associated with interprofessional collaboration, educators have begun to integrate formal interprofessional education events into healthcare curricula. The Health Care Team Challenge (HCTC) is a collaborative competition designed to promote interprofessional competencies among students in healthcare fields...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140419/rehabilitation-the-health-strategy-of-the-21st-century
#17
Gerold Stucki, Jerome Bickenbach, Christoph Gutenbrunner, John Melvin
There is strong evidence that population ageing and the epidemiological transition to a higher incidence of chronic, non-communicable diseases will continue to profoundly impact societies worldwide, putting more pressure on healthcare systems to respond to the needs of the people they serve. These trends argue for the need to address what matters to people about their health: limitations in their functioning that affect their day-to-day actions and goals in life. From its inception, rehabilitation, 1 of the 4 health strategies identified in the Declaration of Alma Ata in 1978, has had functioning as its outcome of interest...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128788/a-workplace-modified-duty-program-for%C3%A2-employees-in-an-oncology-center
#18
Elpidoforos S Soteriades
BACKGROUND: Workplace modified duty programs may provide reasonable accommodations to employees who have partial temporary job disability and could work on duty accommodations until they fully recover. However, little is known about the implementation barriers and effectiveness of such programs. OBJECTIVE: This study is aimed at evaluating the implementation of a modified duty program for employees in an oncology center. METHODS: A modified duty program for employees working at the Bank of Cyprus Oncology Center, a non profit organization with 200 employees located in the Republic of Cyprus was evaluated based on the health records of the occupational medicine department...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088258/comparing-outcomes-from-the-two-most-recognized-acupuncturist-workforce-surveys
#19
Steven H Stumpf, Kory Ward-Cook, Clifford R Carr
OBJECTIVE: To determine the informational consistency produced by the two most recent independent surveys and draw a conclusion whether the data would be sufficient for the National Center for Health Workforce Analysis and Bureau of Labor and Statistics consideration. METHODS: This paper compares workforce outcomes collected by the two most prominent acupuncture entities that have produced the most useful acupuncturist workforce data (California Acupuncture Board 2015 Occupational Analysis and the National Certification Commission of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine® 2013 Job Analysis) at national and state levels...
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077896/study-of-scientific-production-of-community-medicines-department-indexed-in-isi-citation-databases
#20
Mohammad Khademloo, Ali Akbar Khaseh, Hasan Siamian, Kobra Aligolbandi, Mahsoomeh Latifi, Mousa Yaminfirooz
BACKGROUND: In the scientometric, the main criterion in determining the scientific position and ranking of the scientific centers, particularly the universities, is the rate of scientific production and innovation, and in all participations in the global scientific development. One of the subjects more involved in repeatedly dealt with science and technology and effective on the improvement of health is medical science fields. In this research using scientometric and citation analysis, we studied the rate of scientific productions in the field of community medicine, which is the numbers of articles published and indexed in ISI database from 2000 to 2010...
October 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
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