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Occupational health medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769459/the-framework-of-clinical-occupational-medicine-to-provide-new-insight-for-workaholism
#1
Quentin Durand-Moreau, Clarisse LE Deun, Brice Lodde, Jean-Dominique Dewitte
There is no single agreed definition of workaholism. Most interventions proposed for people suffering from workaholism target individuals. There is a paucity of descriptions of workplace risk factors. Our study examines case reports of patients suffering from workaholism with a focus on the role of the workplace. We describe case reports from patients of the Occupational Disease Centre in Brest, France between 2013 and 2016. Consultations were conducted within the framework of clinical occupational medicine with a focus on real work situations...
May 17, 2018: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769295/indoor-mould-exposure-asthma-and-rhinitis-findings-from-systematic-reviews-and-recent-longitudinal-studies
#2
REVIEW
Denis Caillaud, Benedicte Leynaert, Marion Keirsbulck, Rachel Nadif
Starting from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and World Health Organization (WHO) reports, this review provides an overview of the literature published from 2006 to 2017 on the associations between indoor mould exposure and asthma and rhinitis separately in children and adults with a focus on longitudinal epidemiological studies.A systematic search of peer-reviewed literature was performed, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses, longitudinal, incident case-control and panel studies. 61 publications were identified reporting visible mould or mould odour or quantitative assessment of culturable fungi or mould species...
June 30, 2018: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769039/expert-clinician-s-perspectives-on-environmental-medicine-and-toxicant-assessment-in-clinical-practice
#3
Nicole Bijlsma, Marc Maurice Cohen
BACKGROUND: Most clinicians feel ill-equipped to assess or educate patients about toxicant exposures, and it is unclear how expert environmental medicine clinicians assess these exposures or treat exposure-related conditions. We aimed to explore expert clinicians' perspectives on their practice of environmental medicine to determine the populations and toxicants that receive the most attention, identify how they deal with toxicant exposures and identify the challenges they face and where they obtain their knowledge...
May 16, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768372/technologies-for-participatory-medicine-and-health-promotion-in-the-elderly-population
#4
Laura Nieto-Riveiro, Betania Groba, M Carmen Miranda, Patricia Concheiro, Alejandro Pazos, Thais Pousada, Javier Pereira
INTRODUCTION: The progressive aging of the population is a socio-demographic phenomenon experienced by most countries in the world in recent decades, especially in Japan and in many European Union countries. During this process, so-called "geriatric syndromes" frequently occur. The focus of this study is the quality of life of the elderly in relation to these 3 factors: risk of falls, urinary incontinence, and insomnia. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose is to determine the impact of a multifactorial intervention program implemented with institutionalized elderly people...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763447/hepatitis-b-and-c-seroprevalence-knowledge-practice-and-associated-factors-among-medicine-and-health-science-students-in-northeast-ethiopia
#5
Wondmagegn Demsiss, Abdurahaman Seid, Temesgen Fiseha
BACKGROUND: Health care professionals, especially medical students, are at greater risk of contracting hepatitis B and C virus infections due to their occupational exposure to percutaneous injuries and other body fluids. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C virus infections among medicine and health science students in Northeast Ethiopia and to assess their knowledge and practice towards the occupational risk of viral hepatitis. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a total of 408 medicine and health science students during the period from March to September 2017...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735750/systematic-review-of-fit-note-use-for-workers-in-the-uk
#6
Sarah Dorrington, Emmert Roberts, Arnstein Mykletun, Stephani Hatch, Ira Madan, Matthew Hotopf
OBJECTIVES: The fit note, introduced in England, Wales and Scotland in 2010, was designed to change radically the sickness certification process from advising individuals on their inability to work to advising them on what they could do if work could be adapted. Our review aimed to evaluate the following: (1) Is the 'maybe fit' for work option being selected for patients? (2) Are work solutions being recommended? (3) Has the fit note increased return to work? (4) Has the fit note reduced the length of sickness absence? We considered the way in which outcomes vary according to patient demographics including type of health problem...
May 7, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724736/-treading-water-but-drowning-slowly-what-are-gps-experiences-of-living-and-working-with-mental-illness-and-distress-in-england-a-qualitative-study
#7
Ruth Riley, Johanna Spiers, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Anna K Taylor, Gail A Thornton, Marta Buszewicz
OBJECTIVES: This paper provides an in-depth account of general practitioners' (GPs) experiences of living and working with mental illness and distress, as part of a wider study reporting the barriers and facilitators to help-seeking for mental illness and burn-out, and sources of stress/distress for GP participants. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 47 GP participants. The interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, anonymised and imported into NVivo V...
May 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723180/confidence-in-the-safety-of-standard-childhood-vaccinations-among-new-zealand-health-professionals
#8
Carol Lee, Isabelle Duck, Chris G Sibley
AIMS: To investigate the level of confidence in the safety of standard childhood vaccinations among health professionals in New Zealand. METHOD: Data from the 2013/14 New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (NZAVS) was used to investigate the level of agreement that "it is safe to vaccinate children following the standard New Zealand immunisation schedule" among different classes of health professionals (N=1,032). RESULTS: Most health professionals showed higher levels of vaccine confidence, with 96...
May 4, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721742/herbal-medicine-use-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-in-nigeria-understanding-the-magnitude-and-predictors-of-use
#9
Ogochukwu Ukamaka Amaeze, Roseline Iberi Aderemi-Williams, Modupeola Anuoluwapo Ayo-Vaughan, Deborah Aderoju Ogundemuren, Damilola Segun Ogunmola, Emmanuel Nwanolue Anyika
Background Patients with chronic diseases exploit complementary and alternative treatment options to manage their conditions better and improve well-being. Objective To determine the prevalence and predictors of herbal medicine use among Type 2 Diabetes patients in Lagos, Nigeria. Setting Secondary healthcare facilities in Lagos state, Nigeria. Method The study design was a cross sectional survey. A two-stage sampling approach was used to select the health facilities and patients were recruited consecutively to attain the sample size...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720270/quality-of-observational-studies-in-prestigious-journals-of-occupational-medicine-and-health-based-on-strengthening-the-reporting-of-observational-studies-in-epidemiology-strobe-statement-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Javad Aghazadeh-Attari, Kazhal Mobaraki, Jamal Ahmadzadeh, Behnam Mansorian, Iraj Mohebbi
OBJECTIVE: The present study applied the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement to observational studies published in prestigious occupational medicine and health journals. RESULTS: A total of 60 articles was evaluated. All sub-items were reported in 63.74% (95% confidence interval [CI], 56.24-71.24%), not reported in 29.70% (95% CI, 20.2-39.2%), and not applicable in 6.56% (95% CI, 4.86-8.26%) of the studies. Of the 45 sub-items investigated in this survey, eight were reported 100% of the time, 13 were addressed in more than 90% of the articles, 22 were included in more than 75% of the studies, and 27 sub-items were applied in more than 50% of the articles published in the journals included in this study...
May 2, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717685/a-bibliometric-profile-of-disaster-medicine-research-from-2008-to-2017-a-scientometric-analysis
#11
Liang Zhou, Ping Zhang, Zhigang Zhang, Lidong Fan, Shuo Tang, Kunpeng Hu, Nan Xiao, Shuguang Li
ABSTRACTThis study analyzed and assessed publication trends in articles on "disaster medicine," using scientometric analysis. Data were obtained from the Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC) of Thomson Reuters on March 27, 2017. A total of 564 publications on disaster medicine were identified. There was a mild increase in the number of articles on disaster medicine from 2008 (n=55) to 2016 (n=83). Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness published the most articles, the majority of articles were published in the United States, and the leading institute was Tohoku University...
May 2, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713462/immigration-analysis-trends-and-outlook-on-the-global-research-activity
#12
Matthias Trost, Eileen M Wanke, Daniela Ohlendorf, Doris Klingelhöfer, Markus Braun, Jan Bauer, David A Groneberg, David Quarcoo, Dörthe Brüggmann
Background: Immigration has a strong impact on the development of health systems, medicine and science worldwide. Therefore, this article provides a descriptive study on the overall research output. Methods: Utilizing the scientific database Web of Science, data research was performed. The gathered bibliometric data was analyzed using the established platform NewQIS, a benchmarking system to visualize research quantity and quality indices. Findings: Between 1900 and 2016 a total of 6763 articles on immigration were retrieved and analyzed...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698523/urine-mercury-levels-correlate-with-dna-methylation-of-imprinting-gene-h19-in-the-sperm-of-reproductive-aged-men
#13
Zhaoxu Lu, Yufeng Ma, Linying Gao, Yingjun Li, Qiang Li, Mei Qiang
BACKGROUND: Mercury (Hg) is a well-recognized environmental pollutant known by its toxicity of development and neurotoxicity, which results in adverse health outcomes. However, the mechanisms underlying the teratogenic effects of Hg are not well understood. Imprinting genes are emerging regulators for fetal development subjecting to environmental pollutants impacts. In this study, we examined the association between preconceptional Hg exposure and the alteration of DNA methylation of imprinting genes H19, Meg3, and Peg3 in human sperm DNA...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669000/impact-of-patients-access-to-medical-records-in-occupational-medicine
#14
A Krakov, N Kabaha, J Azuri, S Moshe
Background: Information technologies offer new ways to engage with patients regarding their health, but no studies have been done in occupational health services (OHS). Aims: To examine the advantages and disadvantages of providing written and oral medical information to patients in OHS. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data were retrieved from patients visiting four different OHS during 2014-15 for a fitness for work evaluation. We built a semi-quantitative satisfaction questionnaire, with responses ranging on a Likert scale of 1-5 from very dissatisfied (1) to very satisfied (5)...
April 14, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663937/comparative-review-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-humans-and-nonhuman-primates
#15
Jeffrey Kim, Dondrae J Coble, Gregory W Salyards, Gregory G Habing
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) presents serious threats to human and animal health. Although AMR of pathogens is often evaluated independently between humans and animals, comparative analysis of AMR between humans and animals is necessary for zoonotic pathogens. Major surveillance systems monitor AMR of zoonotic pathogens in humans and food animals, but comprehensive AMR data in veterinary medicine is not diligently monitored for most animal species with which humans commonly contact, including NHP. The objective of this review is to provide a complete report of the prevalences of AMR among zoonotic bacteria that present the greatest threats to NHP, occupational, and public health...
April 2, 2018: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624882/the-potential-economic-value-of-influenza-vaccination-for-healthcare-workers-in-the-netherlands
#16
M J Meijboom, J Riphagen-Dalhuisen, E Hak
BACKGROUND: Despite the clinical evidence, influenza vaccination coverage of healthcare workers remains low. To assess the health economic value of implementing an influenza immunization program among healthcare workers (HCW) in University Medical Centers (UMCs) in the Netherlands, a cost-benefit model was developed using a societal perspective. METHODS/PATIENTS: The model was based on a trial performed among all UMCs in the Netherlands that included both hospital staff as well as patients admitted to the pediatrics and internal medicine departments...
April 6, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604201/discrepancies-in-the-evaluation-of-incapacity-for-work-in-a-patient-with-epidermolysis-bullosa-acquisita-between-public-pension-fund-and-occupational-medicine-expert-raise-the-issue-of-competencies
#17
Hrvoje Lalić
Abstrat A 50-year-old female patient suffering from a severe form of epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) took legal action against the Croatian Pension Insurance Institute (CPII) in an attempt to overturn their assessment that she was no longer capable of working as a seamstress but still capable of doing administrative jobs. Her claim was that she was not capable of doing any job at all. She was first diagnosed EBA in 2000, and the disease progressed slowly with intermittent remissions. In 2012, skin erosions appeared on her feet, followed by the loss of all toenails and lesions and infiltrations on the tongue and oral mucosa...
March 1, 2018: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603372/acvim-small-animal-consensus-statement-on-safe-use-of-cytotoxic-chemotherapeutics-in-veterinary-practice
#18
Annette N Smith, Shawna Klahn, Brenda Phillips, Lisa Parshley, Peter Bennett, Andi Flory, Rosemary Calderon
The purpose of this report is to offer a consensus opinion of ACVIM oncology diplomates and technicians on the safe use of cytotoxic chemotherapeutics in veterinary practice. The focus is on minimizing harm to the personnel exposed to the drugs: veterinary practitioners, veterinary technicians, veterinary staff, and pet owners. The safety of the patient receiving these drugs is also of paramount importance, but is not addressed in this statement. Much of the information presented is based on national recommendations by Occupational Safety and Health Administration, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, United States Pharmacopeia, and other published regulations...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601526/can-periodical-examinations-of-employees-be-useful-in-detection-of-glycaemia-impairment-and-improving-patients-adherence-to-medical-recommendations
#19
Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Wojciech Hanke, Paweł Kałużny, Agnieszka Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, Marta Wiszniewska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
Worldwide epidemiological data indicates insufficient diagnosis of diabetes as an increasing public health problem. In the search for solutions to this disadvantageous situation, occupational medicine health services seem to open up a unique opportunity to recognize some abnormalities in the early stages, especially among the asymptomatic working-age population. 316 workers underwent obligatory prophylactic examinations. In patients with twice assayed FGL ≥ 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L) an additional intervention was implemented, including further diagnostic processes and therapy in General Practice (GP), followed by examination by an occupational health specialist within 3 months...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588090/-influenza-vaccination-and-cystic-fibrosis-impact-of-an-incentivisation-campaign-about-influenza-vaccination-for-patients-attending-the-dunkerque-cystic-fibrosis-treatment-centre-and-their-health-care-workers
#20
M Scalbert-Dujardin, A Boldron, E Leroy, J Bazin, E Froment-Leclercq
INTRODUCTION: The main aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of preventive actions regarding influenza in the studied populations. The secondary objective is to analyze and understand the mechanisms which bring about a behavioural change regarding influenza vaccination. METHODS: The interventional and prospective study was undertaken in the form of an anonymous questionnaire about influenza vaccination coverage and about the reasons for vaccinating or not vaccinating...
March 24, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
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