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Occupational health medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426677/information-ranks-highest-expectations-of-female-adolescents-with-a-rare-genital-malformation-towards-health-care-services
#1
Elisabeth Simoes, Alexander N Sokolov, Andrea Kronenthaler, Hanna Hiltner, Norbert Schaeffeler, Katharina Rall, Esther Ueding, Monika A Rieger, Anke Wagner, Leonie S Poesch, Marie-Christin Baur, Judith Kittel, Sara Y Brucker
BACKGROUND: Access to highly specialized health care services and support to meet the patient's specific needs is critical for health outcome, especially during age-related transitions within the health care system such as with adolescents entering adult medicine. Being affected by an orphan disease complicates the situation in several important respects. Long distances to dedicated institutions and scarcity of knowledge, even among medical doctors, may present major obstacles for proper access to health care services and health chances...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426117/identifying-the-gaps-in-nepalese-migrant-workers-health-and-well-being-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
Padam P Simkhada, Pramod R Regmi, Edwin van Teijlingen, Nirmal Aryal
Background: The health and well-being of migrant workers from low-income countries is often neglected in travel medicine. This article uses Nepal as a case study to highlight key issues affecting this particular group of international travellers. Methods: This narrative review used a comprehensive systematic literature search to identify relevant studies on Nepal. The included articles were thematically analysed leading to four key themes or risk factors. Results: The search found 18 articles from which we identified 3 key themes related directly to migrant workers: (1) sexual risk taking; (2) occupational health and (3) lifestyles, and a fourth theme related to partners and family of migrant workers who are left behind in Nepal...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420924/physicians-and-nurses-medical-errors-associated-with-communication-failures
#3
Ibrahim Topcu, Ayse Sonay Turkmen, Nejla Canbulat Sahiner, Sevim Savaser, Hanife Sen
OBJECTIVE: To determine medical errors associated with communication failures among physicians and nurses. METHODS: This cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted at 20 state hospitals and 14 training and research hospitals affiliated with the Istanbul City Health Directorate in Turkey, and comprised physicians and nurses. Data were collected between August 2012 and February 2013. A 16-item questionnaire was used that included questions regarding socio-demographic features such as age, gender, educational status, institution, occupation and working years...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420395/characteristics-of-first-time-varenicline-users-a-cross-sectional-study-in-finnish-quitters
#4
Hanna E Tervonen, Juha H O Turunen, Christine L Baker, Juha Laine, Kari Linden
BACKGROUND: Varenicline is an efficacious medicine for smoking cessation (SC) but little is known about the characteristics of varenicline users. This study examined the characteristics of first-time (naïve) varenicline users in Finland and compared those who had previously used SC pharmacotherapy to those who were trying SC pharmacotherapy for the first time. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Finnish community pharmacies between February 2014 and January 2015...
April 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411498/a-pilot-study-on-the-association-between-rare-earth-elements-in-maternal-hair-and-the-risk-of-neural-tube-defects-in-north-china
#5
Wenhua Huo, Yibing Zhu, Zhenjiang Li, Yiming Pang, Bin Wang, Zhiwen Li
Rare earth elements (REEs) have many applications in industry, agriculture, and medicine, resulting in occupational and environmental exposure and concerns regarding REE-associated health effects. However, few epidemiological studies have examined the adverse effects of REEs on pregnancy outcomes. Therefore, this study examined the relationship between the REE concentrations in maternal hair growing during early pregnancy and the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) in offspring. We included 191 women with NTD-affected pregnancies (cases) and 261 women delivering healthy infants (controls)...
April 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408363/wittyfit-live-your-work-differently-study-protocol-for-a-workplace-delivered-health-promotion
#6
Frédéric Dutheil, Martine Duclos, Geraldine Naughton, Samuel Dewavrin, Thomas Cornet, Pascal Huguet, Jean-Claude Chatard, Bruno Pereira
BACKGROUND: Morbidity before retirement has a huge cost, burdening both public health and workplace finances. Multiple factors increase morbidity such as stress at work, sedentary behavior or low physical activity, and poor nutrition practices. Nowadays, the digital world offers infinite opportunities to interact with workers. The WittyFit software was designed to understand holistic issues of workers by promoting individualized behavior changes at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: The shorter term feasibility objective is to demonstrate that effective use of WittyFit will increase well-being and improve health-related behaviors...
April 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405866/ethnoveterinary-health-management-practices-using-medicinal-plants-in-south-asia-a-review
#7
Shanoo Suroowan, Faisal Javeed, Mushtaq Ahmad, Muhammad Zafar, Mehwish Jamil Noor, Sadaf Kayani, Ali Javed, Mohamad Fawzi Mahomoodally
Animal rearing is the major occupation of most population of South Asian countries. Due to lack of resources and limited approach to modern medicine, most of the livestock raisers prefer to use plant-based traditional medicine also referred to as ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM). Indeed, the use of medicinal plants in South Asia dates back to several centuries with documented evidences. However, there is currently a dearth of documentation and compilation of use of medicinal plants for animal diseases in this part of the world...
April 12, 2017: Veterinary Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399869/use-of-medical-services-and-medicines-attributable-to-type-2-diabetes-care-in-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Clarisse Mapa-Tassou, Leopold K Fezeu, Zakariaou Njoumemi, Eric Lontchi-Yimagou, Eugène Sobngwi, Jean Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: The increasing numbers of people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a global concern and especially in sub-Saharan Africa, where diabetes must compete for resources with communicable diseases. Diabetes intensifies health care utilisation and leads to an increase in medical care costs. However, In Cameroon like in most developing countries, data on the impact of diabetes on the medical health system are scarce. We aimed to analyse the use of medical services and medicines attributable to T2D care in Yaoundé, Cameroon...
April 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394546/occupational-contact-dermatitis-amongst-dentists-and-dental-technicians
#9
Liborija Lugović-Mihić, Iva Ferček, Tomislav Duvančić, Vedrana Bulat, Josip Ježovita, Gaby Novak-Bilić, Mirna Šitum
Since the working medical personnel including dentists and dental technicians mainly use their hands, it is understandable that the most common occupational disease amongst medical personnel is contact dermatitis (CD) (80%-90% of cases). Development of occupational CD is caused by contact of the skin with various substances in occupational environment. Occupational etiologic factors for dental personnel are foremost reactions to gloves containing latex, followed by various dental materials (e.g., metals, acrylates), detergents, lubricants, solvents, chemicals, etc...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387174/institutional-oversight-of-occupational-health-and-safety-for-research-programs-involving-biohazards
#10
Melissa C Dyson, Calvin B Carpenter, Lesley A Colby
Research with hazardous biologic materials (biohazards) is essential to the progress of medicine and science. The fieldof microbiology has rapidly advanced over the years, partially due to the development of new scientific methods such as recombinant DNA technology, synthetic biology, viral vectors, and the use of genetically modified animals. This research poses a potential risk to personnel as well as the public and the environment. Institutions must have appropriate oversight and take appropriate steps to mitigate the risks of working with these biologic hazards...
April 6, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384178/prevalence-of-multimorbidity-in-the-brazilian-adult-population-according-to-socioeconomic-and-demographic-characteristics
#11
Januse Nogueira de Carvalho, Ângelo Giuseppe Roncalli, Marianna de Camargo Cancela, Dyego Leandro Bezerra de Souza
Knowledge on the occurrence of multimorbidity is important from the viewpoint of public policies, as this condition increases the consumption of medicines as well as the utilization and expenses of health services, affecting life quality of the population. The objective of this study was to estimate prevalence of self-reported multimorbidity in Brazilian adults (≥18 years old) according to socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. A descriptive study is presented herein, based on data from the National Health Survey, which was a household-based survey carried out in Brazil in 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383611/training-in-occupational-medicine-jurisprudential-malfunctions-in-the-italian-system-and-european-perspectives
#12
L Cegolon, W C Heymann, C Xodo, J H Lange
BACKGROUND: To practice occupational health in Europe, a medical doctor must qualify in occupational medicine. This requires a period of postgraduate specialist medical training lasting a minimum of four years, in conformity with European regulations, to obtain a certificate of completion of training which is then mutually recognized within the entire European Union. DISCUSSION: In 2002 an Italian law allowed doctors specialized in public health medicine and legal/forensic medicine to also practice as consultants in occupational medicine in the country...
May 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358639/review-of-hazards-to-female-reproductive-health-in-veterinary-practice
#13
Joni M Scheftel, Brigid L Elchos, Carol S Rubin, John A Decker
OBJECTIVE To review publications that address female reproductive health hazards in veterinary practice, summarize best practices to mitigate reproductive risks, and identify current knowledge gaps. DESIGN Systematized review. SAMPLE English-language articles describing chemical, biological, and physical hazards present in the veterinary workplace and associations with adverse reproductive outcomes or recommendations for minimizing risks to female reproductive health. PROCEDURES Searches of the CAB abstracts database were performed in July 2012 and in May 2015 with the following search terms: veterinarians AND occupational hazards and vets...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347696/workplace-mental-health-an-international-review-of-guidelines
#14
REVIEW
Kate Memish, Angela Martin, Larissa Bartlett, Sarah Dawkins, Kristy Sanderson
The aim of this systematic review was to determine the quality and comprehensiveness of guidelines developed for employers to detect, prevent, and manage mental health problems in the workplace. An integrated approach that combined expertise from medicine, psychology, public health, management, and occupational health and safety was identified as a best practice framework to assess guideline comprehensiveness. An iterative search strategy of the grey literature was used plus consultation with experts in psychology, public health, and mental health promotion...
March 24, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339975/the-pain-interprofessional-curriculum-design-model
#15
Judy Watt-Watson, Leila Lax, Robyn Davies, Sylvia Langlois, Jon Oskarsson, Lalitha Raman-Wilms
Objective.:  Although the University of Toronto Centre for the Study of Pain has successfully implemented an Interfaculty Pain Curriculum since 2002, we have never formalized the process in a design model. Therefore, our primary aim was to develop a model that provided an overview of dynamic, interrelated elements that have been important in our experience. A secondary purpose was to use the model to frame an interactive workshop for attendees interested in developing their own pain curricula...
March 3, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337648/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-alternating-hemiplegia-of-childhood
#16
REVIEW
Melanie Masoud, Lyndsey Prange, Jeffrey Wuchich, Arsen Hunanyan, Mohamad A Mikati
The diagnosis and treatment of patients with Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood (AHC) and related disorders should be provided by a multidisciplinary team experienced with the spectrum of presentations of this disease, with its related disorders, with its complex and fluctuating manifestations, and with cutting edge advances occurring in the field. Involvement in research to advance the understanding of this disease and partnership with international collaborators and family organizations are also important...
February 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318462/the-epidemiology-of-operation-stress-during-continuing-promise-2011-a-humanitarian-response-and-disaster-relief-mission-aboard-a-us-navy-hospital-ship
#17
William T Scouten, Melissa L Mehalick, Elizabeth Yoder, Andrea McCoy, Tracy Brannock, Mark S Riddle
Introduction Operational stress describes individual behavior in response to the occupational demands and tempo of a mission. The stress response of military personnel involved in combat and peace-keeping missions has been well-described. The spectrum of effect on medical professionals and support staff providing humanitarian assistance, however, is less well delineated. Research to date concentrates mainly on shore-based humanitarian missions. Problem The goal of the current study was to document the pattern of operational stress, describe factors responsible for it, and the extent to which these factors impact job performance in military and civilian participants of Continuing Promise 2011 (CP11), a ship-based humanitarian medical mission...
March 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303693/the-opinions-of-radiographers-nuclear-medicine-technologists-and-radiation-therapists-regarding-technology-in-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#18
Sil Aarts, Forra Cornelis, Yke Zevenboom, Patrick Brokken, Nicole van de Griend, Miriam Spoorenberg, Wendy Ten Bokum, Eveline Wouters
INTRODUCTION: New technology is continuously introduced in health care. The aim of this study was (1) to collect the opinions and experiences of radiographers, nuclear medicine technologists and radiation therapists regarding the technology they use in their profession and (2) to acquire their views regarding the role of technology in their future practice. METHODS: Participants were recruited from five departments in five hospitals in The Netherlands. All radiographers, nuclear medicine therapists and radiation therapists who were working in these departments were invited to participate (n = 252)...
March 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292189/translating-agricultural-health-and-medicine-education-across-the-pacific-a-united-states-and-australian-comparison-study
#19
Susan A Brumby, Josie Ruldolphi, Diane Rohlman, Kelley J Donham
BACKGROUND: Populations in agricultural communities require<b> </b>health care that is interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral to address the high rate of workplace deaths, preventable injuries and illness. These rates are compounded by limited access to services and the distinctive personal values and culture of farming populations, which both health and rural practitioners must be aware of to reduce the gap between rural and urban population health outcomes. To address the unique health and medical characteristics of agricultural populations, education in agricultural medicine was established through the College of Medicine and the College of Public Health at the University of Iowa in the USA...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289631/effect-of-a-caregiver-s-education-program-on-stroke-rehabilitation
#20
Sang-Eun Hong, Chang-Hwan Kim, Ee-Jin Kim, Kyung-Lim Joa, Tae-Hyun Kim, Sang-Keun Kim, Hee-Jun Han, Eui-Chang Lee, Han-Young Jung
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of caregiver's education program on their satisfaction, as well as patient functional recovery, performed in addition to daily conventional rehabilitation treatment. METHODS: Three hundred eleven subjects diagnosed with first-onset stroke and transferred to the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of Inha University Hospital were surveyed. In 2015, caregivers attended an education program for acute and subacute stroke patients...
February 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
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