keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neonatal medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546768/effectiveness-of-various-formulations-of-local-anesthetics-and-additives-for-topical-anesthesia-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#1
Christian Weilbach, Christian Hoppe, Matthias Karst, Michael Winterhalter, Konstantinos Raymondos, Arthur Schultz, Niels Rahe-Meyer
BACKGROUND: Topical anesthesia is used to control pain associated with many procedures in medicine. Today, the product most commonly applied for topical anesthesia in Germany is EMLA(®) (lidocaine/prilocaine). However, since prilocaine is a methemoglobin-inducing agent, there are limitations to its use, especially in neonates and infants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of prilocaine and lidocaine as well as propylene glycol, a penetration enhancer, and trometamol, a buffer substance, in anesthetic creams...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545266/-analysis-of-misssed-diagnosis-and-misdiagnosis-of-1-212-cases-with-placental-abruption
#2
D Xu, C Liang, J W Xu, J He
Objective: To investigate the risk factors and clinical manifestations of placental abruption, and to analyze the causes of missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted in 135 584 women who delivered in Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University from January 2005 to December 2015. The diagnosis of placental abruption was made in 1 212 cases. According to the consistency of prenatal and postnatal diagnosis, they were divided into 3 groups. (1) The diagnosis was consistent prenatally and postnatally in 715 cases(58...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531885/fetal-treatment-2017-the-evolution-of-fetal-therapy-centers-a-joint-opinion-from-the-international-fetal-medicine-and-surgical-society-ifmss-and-the-north-american-fetal-therapy-network-naftnet
#3
Anita J Moon-Grady, Ahmet Baschat, Darrell Cass, Mahesh Choolani, Joshua A Copel, Timothy M Crombleholme, Jan Deprest, Stephen P Emery, Mark I Evans, Francois I Luks, Mary E Norton, Greg Ryan, Kuojen Tsao, Ross Welch, Michael Harrison
More than 3 decades ago, a small group of physicians and other practitioners active in what they called "fetal treatment" authored an opinion piece outlining the current status and future challenges anticipated in the field. Many advances in maternal, neonatal, and perinatal care and diagnostic and therapeutic modalities have been made in the intervening years, yet a thoughtful reassessment of the basic tenets put forth in 1982 has not been published. The present effort will aim to provide a framework for contemporary redefinition of the field of fetal treatment, with a brief discussion of the necessary minimum expertise and systems base for the provision of different types of interventions for both the mother and fetus...
May 23, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525313/a-tunable-three-dimensional-in-vitro-culture-model-of-growth-plate-cartilage-using-alginate-hydrogel-scaffolds
#4
Alek G Erickson, Taylor D Laughlin, Sarah M Romereim, Catherine N Sargus-Patino, Angela K Pannier, Andrew T Dudley
Defining the final size and geometry of engineered tissues through precise control of the scalar and vector components of tissue growth is a necessary benchmark for regenerative medicine, but it has proved to be a significant challenge for tissue engineers. The growth plate cartilage that promotes elongation of the long bones is a good model system for studying morphogenetic mechanisms because cartilage is composed of a single cell type, the chondrocyte; chondrocytes are readily maintained in culture; and growth trajectory is predominately in a single vector...
May 18, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522319/association-between-gestational-weight-gain-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-women-with-chronic-hypertension
#5
Lynn M Yee, Aaron B Caughey, Yvonne W Cheng
BACKGROUND: Gestational weight gain above or below the 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines has been associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Although it has been well established that excess gestational weight gain is associated with the development of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia, the relationship between gestational weight gain and adverse perinatal outcomes among women with pregestational (chronic) hypertension is less clear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between gestational weight gain above and below IOM guidelines and perinatal outcomes in a large, population-based cohort of women with chronic hypertension...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521604/congenital-pleural-effusions-fifteen-years-single-centre-experience-from-north-east-england
#6
Benjamin Martin James Shillitoe, Janet Berrington, Naveen Athiraman
AIM: To add to the scant literature on congenital pleural effusions to aid counselling and clinical management decisions. METHODS: Retrospective case series of 15 years of congenital pleural effusions resulting in live birth in a single tertiary fetal medicine/neonatal centre in North East England. RESULTS: Data was available for 21 infants. Mortality rates were 43% overall. All spontaneous resolution occurred within 9 days, and active management was used where effusions persisted beyond this...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509730/american-college-of-critical-care-medicine-clinical-practice-parameters-for-hemodynamic-support-of-pediatric-and-neonatal-septic-shock
#7
Alan L Davis, Joseph A Carcillo, Rajesh K Aneja, Andreas J Deymann, John C Lin, Trung C Nguyen, Regina S Okhuysen-Cawley, Monica S Relvas, Ranna A Rozenfeld, Peter W Skippen, Bonnie J Stojadinovic, Eric A Williams, Tim S Yeh, Fran Balamuth, Joe Brierley, Allan R de Caen, Ira M Cheifetz, Karen Choong, Edward Conway, Timothy Cornell, Allan Doctor, Marc-Andre Dugas, Jonathan D Feldman, Julie C Fitzgerald, Heidi R Flori, James D Fortenberry, Ana Lia Graciano, Bruce M Greenwald, Mark W Hall, Yong Yun Han, Lynn J Hernan, Jose E Irazuzta, Elizabeth Iselin, Elise W van der Jagt, Howard E Jeffries, Saraswati Kache, Chhavi Katyal, Niranjan Tex Kissoon, Alexander A Kon, Martha C Kutko, Graeme MacLaren, Timothy Maul, Renuka Mehta, Fola Odetola, Kristine Parbuoni, Raina Paul, Mark J Peters, Suchitra Ranjit, Karin E Reuter-Rice, Eduardo J Schnitzler, Halden F Scott, Adalberto Torres, Jacki Weingarten-Abrams, Scott L Weiss, Jerry J Zimmerman, Aaron L Zuckerberg
OBJECTIVES: The American College of Critical Care Medicine provided 2002 and 2007 guidelines for hemodynamic support of newborn and pediatric septic shock. Provide the 2014 update of the 2007 American College of Critical Care Medicine "Clinical Guidelines for Hemodynamic Support of Neonates and Children with Septic Shock." DESIGN: Society of Critical Care Medicine members were identified from general solicitation at Society of Critical Care Medicine Educational and Scientific Symposia (2006-2014)...
June 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497657/a-rapid-gene-sequencing-panel-strategy-to-facilitate-precision-neonatal-medicine
#8
Luca Brunelli, Rong Mao, Sabrina Malone Jenkins, Steven B Bleyl, Shale A Dames, Christine E Miller, Betsy Ostrander, Tatiana Tvrdik, Seth Andrews, Josue Flores, Shrena Patel, James M Gudgeon, Susan Schaefer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493821/multicentric-studies-of-the-fetal-neurobehavior-by-kanet-test
#9
Asim Kurjak, Panos Antsaklis, Milan Stanojevic, Radu Vladareanu, Simona Vladareanu, Raul Moreira Neto, Lara Spalldi Barisic, Selma Porovic, Taib Delic
Assessment of fetal neurobehavior and detection of neurological impairment prenatally has been a great challenge in perinatal medicine. The evolution of four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound not only enabled a better visualization of fetal anatomy but also allowed the study of fetal behavior in real time. Kurjak Antenatal Neurodevelopmental Test (KANET) was developed for the assessment of fetal neurobehavior and the detection of neurological disorders, based on the assessment of the fetus by application of 4D ultrasound in the same way that a neonate is assessed postnatally...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488805/breastfeeding-considerations-for-mothers-of-infants-with-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#10
Amy P Holmes, Holly N Schmidlin, Eliana N Kurzum
Breastfeeding offers many benefits to both mother and baby. Breastfeeding is generally recommended for mothers of infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) unless some associated risk outweighs the benefits. Evidence indicates that infants with NAS who receive human milk require less pharmacologic treatment and have shorter hospital lengths of stay. Perhaps the greatest barrier to breastfeeding for women with opioid dependence is the inaccurate and inconsistent information they receive from different sources, including health care professionals...
May 10, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488010/neuroprotective-effect-of-oxysophocarpine-by-modulation-of-mapk-pathway-in-rat-hippocampal-neurons-subject-to-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-and-reperfusion
#11
Peng Zhao, Ren-Yuan Chang, Ning Liu, Jing Wang, Ru Zhou, Xue Qi, Yue Liu, Lin Ma, Yang Niu, Tao Sun, Yu-Xiang Li, Yan-Ping He, Jian-Qiang Yu
Oxysophocarpine (OSC), an alkaloid isolated from Sophora flavescens Ait, has been traditionally used as a medicinal agent based on the observed pharmacological effects. In this study, the direct effect of OSC against neuronal injuries induced by oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) in neonatal rat primary-cultured hippocampal neurons and its mechanisms were investigated. Cultured hippocampal neurons, which were exposed to OGD for 2 h followed by a 24 h reoxygenation, were used as an in vitro model of ischemia and reperfusion...
May 9, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479222/effects-of-a-spleen-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-on-progression-of-the-lupus-nephritis-in-mice
#12
Maki Kitai, Noboru Fukuda, Takahiro Ueno, Morito Endo, Takashi Maruyama, Masanori Abe, Kazuyoshi Okada, Masayoshi Soma, Koichi Matsumoto
The Fc receptors (FcR) have pivotal roles in the pathogenesis of the autoimmune glomerulonephritis. We therefore investigated the effects of a Syk inhibitor on the progression of lupus nephritis and SH3 domain binding protein 2 and p38MAP kinase signalings in mice. NZB/W F1 mice, a model of lupus nephritis, received a Syk inhibitor R406. Western blotting and immunohistochemistry revealed that R406 treatment significantly delayed the appearance of proteinuria, histologically improved their glomerulosclerosis and inhibited the increased the expression of MCP-1 and TGF-β1 mRNAs and the nephrin and podocin proteins in the kidney...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474277/religion-spirituality-and-folk-medicine-superstition-in-a-neonatal-unit
#13
Jose María Lloreda-Garcia
Beliefs and practices surrounding religion and spirituality (RS) feature in neonatal units, although healthcare professionals and families hold different views on their role in neonatal care. Descriptive study performed at the Neonatology Unit of Santa Lucía University Hospital, Cartagena. Separate forms concerning spirituality, religion and folk medicine were administered to professionals ascribed to the unit (n = 70) and parents (n = 93). 70% of professionals and 60.2% of parents perceive RS as playing a relevant role in neonatal care; however, 45% of professionals prefer that parents do not express their RS beliefs...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468867/medication-errors-by-caregivers-at-home-in-neonates-discharged-from-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#14
Ritanshu Solanki, Nivedita Mondal, Thulasingam Mahalakshmy, Vishnu Bhat
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of medication errors by caregivers at home in neonates discharged from the neonatal intensive care unit and to identify the associated risk factors. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in the High Risk Newborn Follow-up Clinic of our institute, on a sample of 166 children, <3 months old. The medications prescribed (syrup preparations of vitamin D, multivitamins, calcium, iron and levetiracetam, tablet L-thyroxine and ursodeoxycholic acid and human milk fortifier powder) were noted from the discharge summary...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455087/assessing-the-potential-impact-of-extending-antenatal-steroids-to-the-late-preterm-period
#15
Vivienne Souter, Ellen Kauffman, Ms Alice J Marshall, Jodie G Katon
BACKGROUND: In 2016 guidance statements were issued by the Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine and by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists about extending antenatal steroid use to selected late preterm singleton pregnancies. OBJECTIVE: To review antenatal steroid use prior to the 2016 guidance statements and assess the potential impact of these. STUDY DESIGN: This cohort study used chart-abstracted data from singleton deliveries from January 1, 2012 to March 31, 2016 at 12 centers participating in the Obstetrics Clinical Outcomes Assessment Program, a quality initiative in Washington State...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448062/association-between-small-for-gestational-age-and-neurocognitive-impairment-at-two-years-of-corrected-age-among-infants-born-at-preterm-gestational-ages-a-cohort-study
#16
A I Girsen, S C Do, Y Y El-Sayed, S R Hintz, Y J Blumenfeld
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between small-for-gestational age (SGA) and neurocognitive impairment at 2 years of corrected age among infants born at preterm gestational ages. STUDY DESIGN: A secondary analysis of a prospectively conducted NICHD/Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units BEAM trial. Non-anomalous pregnancies delivered before 37 weeks of gestation were included in the analysis. Neurocognitive outcomes at 2 years of corrected age were compared between infants who were SGA (<10% for gestational age) and those appropriately grown (AGA)...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447275/risk-factors-for-shoulder-dystocia-the-impact-of-mother-s-race-and-ethnicity
#17
Jennifer Gaudet Hefele, Palmira Santos, Grant Ritter, Neha Varma, Ann Hendrich
Shoulder dystocia is a rare but severe birth trauma where the neonate's shoulders fail to deliver after delivery of the head. Failure to deliver the shoulders quickly can lead to severe, long-term injury to the infant, including nerve injury, skeletal fractures, and potentially death. This observational study examined shoulder dystocia risk factors by race and ethnicity using a sample of 19,236 pregnant women who presented for labor and delivery from July 1, 2010 until June 30, 2013 at five locations. Multivariate analyses were used to identify risk factors associated with shoulder dystocia occurrence in racial/ethnic groups with high incidence rates...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439600/factors-affecting-pregnancy-weight-gain-and-relationships-with-maternal-fetal-outcomes-in-turkey
#18
Nilufer Akgun, Huseyin L Keskin, Isık Ustuner, Gulden Pekcan, Ayse F Avsar
To determine the effects of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain on maternal and fetal complications, and to examine whether Turkish women achieve the recommended gestational weight gain. We also investigated the relationship between pregnancy weight gain and mode of delivery, with an examination of maternal anthropometry.  Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on a population of 986 pregnant women between November 2011 and November 2015 at Atatürk Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey...
May 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415984/comparison-of-three-different-methods-for-risk-adjustment-in-neonatal-medicine
#19
Mark Adams, Julia Braun, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Milo Alan Puhan, Dirk Bassler, Viktor Von Wyl
BACKGROUND: Quality improvement in health care requires identification of areas in need of improvement by comparing processes and patient outcomes within and between health care providers. It is critical to adjust for different case-mix and outcome risks of patient populations but it is currently unclear which approach has higher validity and how limitations need to be dealt with. Our aim was to compare 3 approaches towards risk adjustment for 7 different major quality indicators in neonatal intensive care (21 models)...
April 17, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409758/improving-neonatal-intubation-safety-a-journey-of-a-thousand-miles
#20
T Sawyer, E Foglia, L Dupree Hatch, A Moussa, A Ades, L Johnston, A Nishisaki
Neonatal intubation is one of the most common procedures performed by neonatologists, however, the procedure is difficult and high risk. Neonates who endure the procedure often experience adverse events, including bradycardia and severe oxygen desaturations. Because of low first attempt success rates, neonates are often subjected to multiple intubation attempts before the endotracheal tube is successfully placed. These factors conspire to make intubation one of the most dangerous procedures in neonatal medicine...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
keyword
keyword
13578
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"