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Postpartum depression

Farzaneh Zaheri, Lila Hashemi Nasab, Fariba Ranaei, Roonak Shahoei
Background and aim: Postpartum period is associated with significant changes in the quality of women's lives. These changes can affect the health of both the mother and child. Given the importance of the postpartum period and the factors influencing quality of life after childbirth especially the method of childbirth, the aim of this study was to determine the relationship between quality of life after childbirth and the childbirth method in nulliparous women referred to healthcare centers in Sanandaj, Iran...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Mina Delavari, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafurvand
INTRODUCTION: This prospective study was conducted to determine the relationship between maternal-fetal attachment and maternal self-efficacy. Maternal self-efficacy contributes significantly to the mental health of the mother and infant. Maternal-fetal attachment facilitates maternal role attainment and might improve maternal self-efficacy. METHODS: This study was conducted on 242 women. The data collection tools used included a socio-demographic and obstetric questionnaire, Cranley's Maternal-Fetal Attachment Scale, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and the Maternal Self-Efficacy Scale...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Charlotte Holm, Lars L Thomsen, Jens Langhoff-Roos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To explore if intravenous iron isomaltoside (Monofer® ) leads to a better relief of fatigue than current treatment practice with oral iron in women suffering from severe fatigue after postpartum hemorrhage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a subanalysis of a single-center, open-label, randomized controlled trial conducted in women suffering from postpartum hemorrhage. Participants were randomized 1:1 to 1200 mg iron isomaltoside or current treatment practice with oral iron...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Omotayo Bernard, Roger C Gibson, Affette McCaw-Binns, Jody Reece, Charlene Coore-Desai, Sydonnie Shakespeare-Pellington, Maureen Samms-Vaughan
BACKGROUND: Antenatal depression is associated with adverse maternal and infant well-being. However, compared to postpartum depression, it has been less frequently explored globally or in Jamaica. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of, and factors associated with, antenatal depressive symptoms among Jamaican women in order to inform policy and build interventions that could improve their management and reduce their negative consequences. METHODS: This secondary analysis of data from the second Jamaican Birth Cohort Study (JA-Kids Birth Cohort) included 3,517 women enrolled during pregnancy...
2018: PloS One
Chen Bin Tian
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of acupuncture on mild postpartum depression (PPD). METHODS: 15 patients diagnosed with PPD were enrolled in the study. Patients who satisfied the inclusion criteria received acupuncture therapy eight times over 4 weeks in the form of two 20-min treatment sessions per week. The treatment site was the BL67 acupuncture point (on the outside of the fifth toenail). After disinfecting the skin on the toes, sterile steel needles were gently inserted into the acupuncture point until the patient started to feel numb or swollen, a sensation known as de qi ...
March 14, 2018: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
Shefaly Shorey, Cornelia Chee, Yap-Seng Chong, Esperanza Debby Ng, Ying Lau, Cindy-Lee Dennis
BACKGROUND: Multiple international agencies, including the World Health Organization and the International Monetary Fund, have emphasized the importance of maternal mental health for optimal child health and development. Adequate social support is vital for the most vulnerable to postpartum mood disorders. Hence, an urgent need for sustainable social support programs to aid mothers ease into their new parenting role exists. OBJECTIVE: This study protocol aims to examine the effectiveness of a technology-based peer support intervention program among mothers at risk for postnatal depression in the early postpartum period...
March 14, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Cecilia Martinez-Torteya, Katherine L Rosenblum, Marjorie Beeghly, David Oppenheim, Nina Koren-Karie, Maria Muzik
The current study evaluated whether maternal insightfulness can buffer the negative influence of postpartum stressful life events on maternal parenting behaviors. Participants were 125 mother-infant dyads (55% boys) who present a subsample of a larger longitudinal study on maternal maltreatment during childhood and its impact on peripartum maternal adjustment. Women were primarily white and middle class. At 4 months postpartum, mothers reported on the stressful life events experienced after the child's birth and current depressive symptoms...
March 14, 2018: Attachment & Human Development
Nancy Byatt, Lucille Cox, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Nisha Kini, Kathleen Biebel, Padma Sankaran, Holly A Swartz, Linda Weinreb
To elucidate (1) the challenges associated with under-recognition of bipolar disorder in obstetric settings, (2) barriers pregnant and postpartum women with bipolar disorder face when trying to access psychiatric care, and (3) how obstetric settings can identify such women and connect them with mental health services. Structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 25 pregnant and postpartum women recruited from obstetric practices who scored ≥ 10 on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and met DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder I, II, or not otherwise specified using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview...
March 13, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Lina Kurdahi Badr
PURPOSE: Although the negative consequences of maternal depression on infants has been documented in several Western societies, similar studies have not been conducted in Middle-Eastern countries where cultural norms and traditions may differ. The main objective of this study was to determine the risk factors for postpartum depression (PPD) and its relationship to mother -infant bonding in a Lebanese population. METHODS: One hundred and fifty participants were administered the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS), and the social support scale at 2-3 days postpartum...
March 10, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
Marzieh Akbarzadeh, Sima Kiani Rad, Marzieh Moattari, Najaf Zare
Postpartum blues is a major risk factor for the incidence of postpartum depression and disruption of breastfeeding. This semi-experimental study investigated the effect of breastfeeding training based on the BASNEF model on severity of postpartum blues in 2012. Four educational sessions based on the BASNEF model were held separately for pregnant women and their mothers, mothers-in-law and spouses. The control group received routine care at the clinic. After delivery, women's knowledge of and attitude towards postpartum blues were evaluated using the Zung Self- Rating Depression Scale...
March 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Laura B Gualdrón-Duarte, Michael S Allen
Absorbed fuels from the digestion of starch include propionic acid (PA) produced by ruminal fermentation and glucose (GLU) from intestinal digestion, which may be partially metabolized to lactic acid (LA) by intestinal tissues. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of these fuels on dry matter intake (DMI) and feeding behavior of cows in the postpartum period. We hypothesized that these fuels affect feed intake differently and that their effects are related to differences in their hepatic metabolism. Glucose was expected to have little effect on feed intake because little or no GLU is extracted from the blood by the liver...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Catarina Canário, Bárbara Figueiredo
AIMS: The aims of this study were to analyse the changes in anxiety and depression symptoms from early pregnancy to 30 months postpartum according to gender and parity. METHOD: 129 couples (N = 258) recruited from an obstetrics unit completed self-report measures of anxiety and depression at each pregnancy trimester, childbirth, 3 and 30 months postpartum. Using multilevel modelling, piecewise dyadic growth curve models were performed, assessing time, gender and parity as predictors of anxiety and depression symptoms...
November 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Deedee R Kommers, Sophie E M Truijens, S Guid Oei, Sidarto Bambang Oetomo, Victor J M Pop
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relation between antenatal mother-infant bonding scores and maternal reports of infant crying behaviour. BACKGROUND: Crying is normal behaviour and it is important for parent-infant bonding. Even though bonding starts antenatally, the relation between antenatal bonding scores and infant crying behaviour has never been studied. METHOD: A secondary analysis was performed on data that were gathered in a large prospective study within our region...
November 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Francisca Pérez-Ramírez, Inmaculada García-García, Rafael A Caparros-Gonzalez, María Isabel Peralta-Ramírez
OBJECTIVE: to describe whether there were differences in sociodemographic, obstetric, perinatal and psychological variables between immigrant women and native-born women in Spain during the first 24 h after delivery. BACKGROUND: The immediate postpartum period is a critical time when physical and psychological disorders are likely to occur. Immigrant women have, in general, poor perinatal and psychological results during this time. METHODS: One hundred and three women at the Virgen de las Nieves University Hospital (Granada, Spain) were divided into two groups: 50 Spanish and 53 immigrants...
April 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Marta Bassi, Antonella Delle Fave, Irene Cetin, Erika Melchiorri, Melissa Pozzo, Francesca Vescovelli, Chiara Ruini
BACKGROUND: The bulk of research on motherhood has focused on perinatal depression, largely overlooking indicators of women's positive mental health which can likewise have pervasive consequences on family functioning. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to address this issue by exploring the impact of parity and childbirth on both women's perinatal depression and psychological well-being. METHODS: A convenience sample of 81 women was followed during pregnancy (Time 1) and postpartum (Time 2)...
April 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Somayeh Ramezani, Ahmad Khosravi, Zahra Motaghi, Azam Hamidzadeh, Seyed Abbas Mousavi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cognitive-behavioural approach and solution-focused counselling on prevention of postpartum depression in nulliparous pregnant women. BACKGROUND: Maternity blues is a common disorder and postpartum depression is a serious disorder. Therefore, the use of preventive measures and timely intervention is of particular importance. METHODS: In this randomised clinical trial, 85 nulliparous pregnant women at 30-35 weeks were randomly divided into three groups: cognitive-behavioural counselling (n = 25), solution-focused counselling (n = 25) and control (n = 35)...
April 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Rhian Collings, Briony Hill, Helen Skouteris
Background During the first postpartum year 20% of women retain excessive weight from pregnancy (postpartum weight retention; PPWR), which predicts long-term overweight/obesity. Objective The aim of this study was to explore the associations between psychological factors (depression, anxiety and stress symptoms and body attitudes) in late gestation and at 12-months postpartum with PPWR one-year post-birth. Methods Pregnant women (N = 176) completed questionnaires in early-mid pregnancy (Time 1; mean (SD) = 16...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Miriam Thiel Ashford, Ellinor K Olander, Heather Rowe, Jane R W Fisher, Susan Ayers
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore health visitors' (HVs) views on the acceptability and potential implementation of internet-based postpartum anxiety interventions in their practice. BACKGROUND: Internet-based self-help has been shown to be effective and acceptable for postpartum depression. Recently, an internet-based intervention has been developed for postpartum anxiety. Before implementing new anxiety interventions in postpartum care, it is important to determine the acceptability and ways of implementing such interventions...
July 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Eliza Hartley, Briony Hill, Skye McPhie, Helen Skouteris
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a rapid systematic review of the evidence of associations between postpartum depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, body image and weight status in the first 12 months post birth. BACKGROUND: The postpartum period places the mother and infant at risk of a number of negative health outcomes. Mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety are common in the postpartum, as are poor body image and excessive weight retention as women adjust to their post pregnancy body...
February 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Stavros I Iliadis, Alkistis Skalkidou, Hanna Ranstrand, Marios K Georgakis, Cathrine Axfors, Fotios C Papadopoulos
Introduction: Postpartum depression predisposes to maternal affective and somatic disorders. It is important to identify which women are at an increased risk of subsequent morbidity and would benefit from an intensified follow-up. Self-harm thoughts (SHTs), with or without other depressive symptomatology, might have prognostic value for maternal health beyond the postpartum period. Aim: This study is to investigate the somatic and psychiatric morbidity of postpartum women with SHTs, with or without other depressive symptoms, over a 7-year follow-up period...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
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