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Negin Paast, Zohreh Khosravi, Amir Hossein Memari, Monir Shayestehfar, Mohammad Arbabi
BACKGROUND: Cognitive functioning in individuals with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and with Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD) has not been adequately studied. AIM: Examine the cognitive flexibility and planning ability of individuals with OCD and OCPD. METHODS: Twenty patients with OCD and 25 patients with OCPD who had not taken medication in the previous two weeks were identified in an outpatient psychology clinic in Tehran, and 25 healthy control subjects were identified from the university staff and local community residents...
February 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
Joana Coutinho, Oscar Filipe Goncalves, José Miguel Soares, Paulo Marques, Adriana Sampaio
Obsessive-compulsive personality (OCPD) disorder is characterized by a pattern of excessive self-control, perfectionism and behavioral and cognitive rigidity. Despite the fact that OCPD is the most common personality disorder in the general population, published studies looking at the brain correlates of this disorder are practically nonexistent. The main goal of this study was to analyze the presence of brain alterations in OCPD when compared to healthy controls, specifically at the level of the Default Mode Network (DMN)...
October 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Zohreh Ansari, Javad Salehi Fadardi
Visual performance is considered as commanding modality in human perception. We tested whether Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) people do differently in visual performance tasks than people without OCPD. One hundred ten students of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad and non-student participants were tested by Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders (SCID-II), among whom 18 (mean age = 29.55; SD = 5.26; 84% female) met the criteria for OCPD classification; controls were 20 persons (mean age = 27...
July 22, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Jacqueline Liggett, Kieran L C Carmichael, Alexander Smith, Martin Sellbom
This study examined the validity of newly developed disorder-specific impairment scales (IS), modeled on the Level of Personality Functioning Scale, for obsessive-compulsive (OCPD) and avoidant (AvPD) personality disorders. The IS focused on content validity (items directly reflected the disorder-specific impairments listed in DSM-5 Section III) and severity of impairment. A community sample of 313 adults completed personality inventories indexing the DSM-5 Sections II and III diagnostic criteria for OCPD and AvPD, as well as measures of impairment in the domains of self- and interpersonal functioning...
June 13, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
Nicholas J Sibrava, Christina L Boisseau, Jane L Eisen, Maria C Mancebo, Steven A Rasmussen
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a disorder with heterogeneous clinical presentations. To advance our understanding of this heterogeneity we investigated the prevalence and clinical features associated with incompleteness (INC), a putative underlying core feature of OCD. We predicted INC would be prominent in individuals with OCD and associated with greater severity and impairment. We examined the impact of INC in 307 adults with primary OCD. Participants with clinically significant INC (22.8% of the sample) had significantly greater OCD severity, greater rates of comorbidity, poorer ratings of functioning, lower quality of life, and higher rates of unemployment and disability...
August 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Olivia M Gordon, Paul M Salkovskis, Victoria Bream
BACKGROUND: It is often suggested that, in general, co-morbid personality disorders are likely to interfere with CBT based treatment of Axis I disorders, given that personality disorders are regarded as dispositional and are therefore considered less amenable to change than axis I psychiatric disorders. AIMS: The present study aimed to investigate the impact of co-occurring obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) on cognitive-behavioural treatment for OCD...
July 2016: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Ewa A Ogłodek, Anna M Szota, Marek J Just, Adam R Szromek, Aleksander Araszkiewicz
BACKGROUND: Stress may induce inflammatory changes in the immune system and activate pro-inflammatory cytokines and their receptors by activating the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. METHODS: 460 hospitalized patients with panic disorders (PD) and/or personality disorders (P) were studied. The study group comprised subjects with PD, avoidant personality disorder (APD), borderline personality disorder (BPD), obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD), and concomitant (PD+APD; PD+BPD; PD+OCPD)...
August 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Sarah A Griffin, Takakuni Suzuki, Donald R Lynam, Cristina Crego, Thomas A Widiger, Joshua D Miller, Douglas B Samuel
The Five-Factor Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory (FFOCI) is an assessment of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) that is based on the conceptual framework of the five-factor model (FFM) of personality. The FFOCI has 12 subscales that assess those five-factor model facets relevant to the description of OCPD. Research has suggested that the FFOCI scores relate robustly to existing measures of OCPD and relevant scales from general personality inventories. Nonetheless, the FFOCI's length-120 items-may limit its clinical utility...
April 19, 2016: Assessment
Mark A Riddle, Brion S Maher, Ying Wang, Marco Grados, O Joseph Bienvenu, Fernando S Goes, Bernadette Cullen, Dennis L Murphy, Scott L Rauch, Benjamin D Greenberg, James A Knowles, James T McCracken, Anthony Pinto, John Piacentini, David L Pauls, Steven A Rasmussen, Yin Yao Shugart, Gerald Nestadt, Jack Samuels
BACKGROUND: To determine possible dimensions that underlie obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) and to investigate their clinical correlates, familiality, and genetic linkage. METHODS: Participants were selected from 844 adults assessed with the Structured Instrument for the Diagnosis of DSM-IV Personality Disorders (SIDP) in the OCD Collaborative Genetics Study (OCGS) that targeted families with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) affected sibling pairs...
February 2016: Depression and Anxiety
L C Gjerde, N Czajkowski, E Røysamb, E Ystrom, K Tambs, S H Aggen, R E Ørstavik, K S Kendler, T Reichborn-Kjennerud, G P Knudsen
BACKGROUND: The phenotypic stability of avoidant personality disorder (AVPD) and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) has previously been found to be moderate. However, little is known about the longitudinal structure of genetic and environmental factors for these disorders separately and jointly, and to what extent genetic and environmental factors contribute to their stability. METHOD: AVPD and OCPD criteria were assessed using the Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality in 2793 young adult twins (1385 pairs, 23 singletons) from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health Twin Panel at wave 1 and 2282 (986 pairs, 310 singletons) of these on average 10 years later at wave 2...
December 2015: Psychological Medicine
Isabela A Melca, Murat Yücel, Mauro V Mendlowicz, Ricardo de Oliveira-Souza, Leonardo F Fontenelle
We assessed correlates of obsessive-compulsive (OCPD), schizotypal (SPD) and borderline (BPD) personality disorders in 110 obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients. We found OCD patients with OCPD (20.9%) to exhibit higher rates of hoarding and bipolar disorders, increased severity of hoarding and symmetry, lower prevalence of unacceptable thoughts involving sex and religion and less non-planning impulsivity. Conversely, OCD patients with SPD (13.6%) displayed more frequently bipolar disorder, increased severity of depression and OCD neutralization, greater prevalence of "low-order" behaviors (i...
June 2015: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Naomi A Fineberg, Grace A Day, Nica de Koenigswarter, Samar Reghunandanan, Sangeetha Kolli, Kiri Jefferies-Sewell, Georgi Hranov, Keith R Laws
BACKGROUND: Obsessive compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is characterized by perfectionism, need for control, and cognitive rigidity. Currently, little neuropsychological data exist on this condition, though emerging evidence does suggest that disorders marked by compulsivity, including obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), are associated with impairment in cognitive flexibility and executive planning on neurocognitive tasks. AIM: The current study investigated the neurocognitive profile in a nonclinical community-based sample of people fulfilling diagnostic criteria for OCPD in the absence of major psychiatric comorbidity...
October 2015: CNS Spectrums
Adele M Hayes, Carly Yasinski
UNLABELLED: Clinical trials of treatments for personality disorders can provide a medium for studying the process of therapeutic change with particularly entrenched and self-perpetuating systems and might reveal important principles of system transition. We examined the extent to which maladaptive personality patterns were destabilized in a trial of cognitive therapy personality disorders (CT-PD) and how destabilization was associated with emotional processing and treatment outcomes. Dynamic systems theory was used as a theoretical framework for studying change...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
Nancy S Koven, Alexandra W Abry
Orthorexia nervosa describes a pathological obsession with proper nutrition that is characterized by a restrictive diet, ritualized patterns of eating, and rigid avoidance of foods believed to be unhealthy or impure. Although prompted by a desire to achieve optimum health, orthorexia may lead to nutritional deficiencies, medical complications, and poor quality of life. Despite its being a distinct behavioral pattern that is frequently observed by clinicians, orthorexia has received very little empirical attention and is not yet formally recognized as a psychiatric disorder...
2015: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Alice Diedrich, Ulrich Voderholzer
This review provides a current overview on the diagnostics, epidemiology, co-occurrences, aetiology and treatment of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD). The diagnostic criteria for OCPD according to the recently published Fifth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) include an official set of criteria for clinical practice and a new, alternative set of criteria for research purposes. OCPD is a personality disorder prevalent in the general population (3-8 %) that is more common in older and less educated individuals...
February 2015: Current Psychiatry Reports
Anthony Pinto, Ashley L Greene, Eric A Storch, H Blair Simpson
Identifying risk factors of psychopathology has been an important research challenge. Prior studies examining the impact of childhood temperament on adult disorder have largely focused on undercontrolled and inhibited presentations, with little study of overcontrolled traits such as obsessive-compulsive personality traits (OCPTs). We compared rates of childhood OCPTs in adults with OCD (without OCPD) (n = 28) to adults with OCPD (without OCD) (n = 27), adults with both OCD and OCPD (n = 28), and healthy controls (HC) (n= 28), using the Childhood Retrospective Perfectionism Questionnaire, a validated measure of perfectionism, inflexibility, and drive for order...
January 1, 2015: Journal of Obsessive-compulsive and related Disorders
Maria M Steenkamp, Michael K Suvak, Benjamin D Dickstein, M Tracie Shea, Brett T Litz
Few studies have investigated emotional functioning in obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD). To explore the nature and extent of emotion difficulties in OCPD, the authors examined four domains of self-reported emotional functioning--negative affectivity, anger, emotion regulation, and emotion expressivity--in women with OCPD and compared them to a borderline personality disorder (BPD) group and a healthy control group. Data were collected as part of a larger psychophysiological experimental study on emotion regulation and personality...
December 2015: Journal of Personality Disorders
Anika Wiltgen, Herman Adler, Ryan Smith, Katrina Rufino, Christopher Frazier, Christopher Shepard, Kirk Booker, Diedra Simmons, Leah Richardson, Jon G Allen, J Christopher Fowler
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is characterized by traits such as extreme rigidity, perfectionism, and controlling behavior, all of which have a negative impact on interpersonal functioning. Attachment theory provides a useful framework to elucidate the interpersonal dysfunction characteristic of OCPD; yet, there is a dearth of attachment research on OCPD in the context of severe mental illness. METHODS: Attachment security and personality disorders were assessed in adult inpatients with severe mental illness...
March 15, 2015: Journal of Affective Disorders
Elien De Caluwé, David C Rettew, Barbara De Clercq
OBJECTIVE: Various studies have shown that obsessive-compulsive symptoms exist as part of not only obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) but also obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD). Despite these shared characteristics, there is an ongoing debate on the inclusion of OCPD into the recently developed DSM-5 obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs) category. The current study aims to clarify whether this inclusion can be justified from an item response theory approach...
November 2014: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Karen Dineen Wagner
This section of Focus on Childhood and Adolescent Mental Health presents findings on an array of topics including inflammation and child and adolescent depression, glutamatergic dysregulation and pediatric psychiatric disorders, predictors of bipolar disorder in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and the continuum between obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). There is increased interest in the role of inflammation in psychiatric disorders...
November 2014: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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