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Infra-Red Spectroscopy

Ramasamy Subbaiya, Muthupandian Saravanan, Andavar Raja Priya, Konathala Ravi Shankar, Masilamani Selvam, Muhammad Ovais, Ramachandran Balajee, Hamed Barabadi
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been undeniable for its antimicrobial activity while its antitumour potential is still limited. Therefore, the present study focused on determining cytotoxic effects of AgNPs on Michigan cancer foundation-7 (MCF-7) breast cancer cells and its corresponding mechanism of cell death. Herein, the authors developed a bio-reduction method for AgNPs synthesis using actinomycetes isolated from marine soil sample. The isolated strain was identified by 16s ribotyping method and it was found to be Streptomyces atrovirens...
December 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
Anesh Manjaly Poulose, Ahmed Yagoub Elnour, Arfat Anis, Hamid Shaikh, S M Al-Zahrani, Justin George, Mohammad I Al-Wabel, Adel R Usman, Yong Sik Ok, Daniel C W Tsang, Ajit K Sarmah
The application of biochar (BC) as a filler in polymers can be viewed as a sustainable approach that incorporates pyrolysed waste based value-added material and simultaneously mitigate bio-waste in a smart way. The overarching aim of this work was to investigate the electrical, mechanical, thermal and rheological properties of biocomposite developed by utilizing date palm waste-derived BC for the reinforcing of polypropylene (PP) matrix. Date palm waste derived BC prepared at (700 and 900°C) were blended at different proportions with polypropylene and the resultant composites (BC/PP) were characterized using an array of techniques (scanning electron microscope, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy)...
November 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Joseph S Beckwith, Arnulf Rosspeintner, Giuseppe Licari, Markus Lunzer, Brigitte Holzer, Johannes Fröhlich, Eric Vauthey
Most quadrupolar molecules designed for large two-photon absorption cross section have been shown to undergo symmetry breaking upon excitation to the S1 state. This was originally deduced from their strong fluorescence solvatochromism and later visualized in real time using transient infrared spectroscopy. For molecules not containing clear IR marker modes, however, a specific real-time observation of the symmetry breaking process remains lacking. Here we show that this process can be resolved using broadband fluorescence upconversion spectroscopy by monitoring the instantaneous emission transition dipole moment...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Nicholas Pearce, E Stephen Davies, Raphael Horvath, Constance R Pfeiffer, Xue-Zhong Sun, William Lewis, Jonathan McMaster, Michael W George, Neil R Champness
Varying the degree of thionation of a series of naphthalene diimide (NDI) and naphthalic imide (NI) phenothiazine dyad systems affords a systematic approach for tuning the system's donor-acceptor energy gap. Each dyad was compared to model NDI/NI systems and fully characterised through single crystal X-ray diffraction, NMR, cyclic voltammetry, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), transient absorption spectroscopy (TA), time-resolved infra-red spectroscopy (TRIR) and DFT. The measurements reveal that thionation increases both electron affinity of the NDI/NI acceptor dyad component and accessibility of the singly or doubly reduced states...
November 15, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
K S Joshy, S Snigdha, George Anne, Kalarikkal Nandakumar, Pothen Laly A, Thomas Sabu
Zidovudine (AZT) is an antiviral drug with moderate solubility in water. It has limited application due to its short half life in vivo and consequent requirement for frequent administrations. To solve this problem, zidovudine loaded polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)/stearic acid (SA)-polyethylene glycol (PEG) nanoparticles (PSNPs) were developed.The hybrid nanoparticles were prepared by emulsification-solvent evaporation method. The physico chemical characterizations of the PSNPs was done by dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FT-IR)...
November 9, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
Patil Shriniwas P, Kumbhar Subhash T
Several attempts have been made for green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using different plant extracts. Present study revealed that, antioxidant, antibacterial and cytotoxic AgNPs were synthesized using terpenes-rich extract (TRE) of environmentally notorious Lantana camara L. leaves. AgNPs were characterized by advanced techniques like UV-Visible and Infra red spectroscopy; XRD, SEM techniques as terpenes coated sphere shaped NPs with average diameter 425 nm. Further, on evaluation, AgNPs were found to exhibit dose - dependent antioxidant potential, good to moderate antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa; and toxicity on Brine shrimp (A...
July 2017: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Thangavel Shanmugasundaram, Manikkam Radhakrishnan, Venugopal Gopikrishnan, Krishna Kadirvelu, Ramasamy Balagurunathan
The aims of nano oncology are to detect, target and treat cancer cells without any side effects. The present study describes the microbial synthesis of biocompatible nanoparticles of silver (AgNPs), gold (AuNPs) and their alloy (Ag/AuNPs) for hepatoprotective activity against diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced liver cancer in a Sprague Dawley (SD) rat model. The crystalline nature and physicochemical features of the nanoparticles were identified by Fourier transform infra-red (FT-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) analysis...
November 9, 2017: Nanoscale
Dhayalan Arul, Govindasamy Balasubramani, Velramar Balasubramanian, Thillainathan Natarajan, Pachiappan Perumal
Bacteria are generally responsible for the prevalence of several diseases and pathogenic bacteria are showing increasing resistance to different antibacterials. During the present study an extremophilic bacterium-A30 isolated from the marine waters was characterized and evaluated against four multi-drug resistant (MDR) pathogens, viz; Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The sensitivity pattern of the selected pathogens was tested with 31 antibiotics...
October 26, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
J Judith Vijaya, N Jayaprakash, K Kombaiah, K Kaviyarasu, L John Kennedy, R Jothi Ramalingam, Hamad A Al-Lohedan, Mansoor-Ali V M, M Maaza
Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) using an extract of dried Zingiber officinale (ginger) root as a reducing and capping agent in the presence of microwave irradiation was herein reported for the first time. The formation of symmetrical spheres is confirmed from the UV-Visible spectrum of Ag NPs. Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy confirms the formation of the Ag NPs. X-ray diffraction analysis was utilized to calculate the crystallite size of Ag NPs and the value was found to be 10nm. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy and high-resolution scanning electron microscopy were used to investigate the morphology and size of the synthesized samples...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Samiullah Khan, Muhammad Usman Minhas, Mahmood Ahmad, Mohammad Sohail
This study aimed to design a novel thermoreversible compactself-assembled host macromolecule based on β-cyclodextrin and low molecular weight ethylene glycol with a difunctional guest molecule i.e. poly (ethylene oxide)-poly (propylene oxide)-poly (ethylene oxide) tri-block co-polymer (Pluronic(®) 127) through host-guest inclusion complexation in aqueous media using cold method. The injectable thermoreversible self-assembled supramolecular hydrogel was developed to encapsulate hydrophobic curcumin as anti-malignant agent andfor controlled delivery to systemic circulation after invivo application through subcutaneous route...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Hazel O Simila, Natalia Karpukhina, Robert G Hill
Biodentine™ is a novel tricalcium silicate based material used both as a coronal dentine replacement and in pulp therapy. Its multiple use in sealing perforations, pulp capping and as a temporary restoration arises from its ability to promote dentine formation and to confer an excellent marginal seal. However, there is still room for improvement of this cement as it lacks the anticariogenic effect typically conferred by fluoride ion release as seen in glass ionomer cement based dental materials. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the impact of bioactive glass addition to Biodentine™...
October 14, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Fatema H Rajab, Christopher M Liauw, Paul S Benson, Lin Li, Kathryn A Whitehead
The development of surfaces which reduce biofouling has attracted much interest in practical applications. Three picosecond laser generated surface topographies (Ti1, Ti2, Ti3) on titanium were produced, treated with fluoroalkylsilane (FAS), then characterised using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX), Raman Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) spectroscopy, contact angle measurements and white light interference microscopy. The surfaces had a range of different macro/micro/nano topographies...
October 7, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Asma Nasrullah, A H Bhat, Abdul Naeem, Mohamed Hasnain Isa, Mohammed Danish
High surface area mesoporous activated carbon-alginate (AC-alginate) beads were successfully synthesised by entrapping activated carbon powder derived from Mangosteen fruit peel into calcium-alginate beads for methylene blue (MB) removal from aqueous solution. The structure and surface characteristics of AC-alginate beads were analysed using Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and surface area analysis (SBET), while thermal properties were tested using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA)...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
B Senthil, T Devasena, B Prakash, A Rajasekar
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were green synthesized using ethanolic extract of fenugreek leaves and characterized using UV-Vis spectroscopy, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution transmission electron microscopy HRTEM and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) techniques. The HRTEM results revealed the formation of highly stable, mono dispersed, spherical shaped AgNPs with the size ranging from 20 to 30nm. The presence of flavonoids and their interaction with the AgNPs were confirmed using FTIR...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Vera Beermann, Martin Gocyla, Stefanie Kühl, Elliot Padgett, Henrike Schmies, Mikaela Goerlin, Nina Erini, Meital Shviro, Marc Heggen, Rafal E Dunin-Borkowski, David A Muller, Peter Strasser
Shape-controlled octahedral Pt-Ni alloy nanoparticles exhibit remarkably high activities for the electroreduction of molecular oxygen (oxygen reduction reaction, ORR), which makes them fuel-cell cathode catalysts with exceptional potential. To unfold their full and optimized catalytic activity and stability, however, the nano-octahedra require post-synthesis thermal treatments, which alter the surface atomic structure and composition of the crystal facets. Here, we address and strive to elucidate the underlying surface chemical processes using a combination of ex situ analytical techniques with in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM), in situ X-ray diffraction (XRD), and in situ electrochemical Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR) experiments...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Riddhi Mahansaria, Anusua Dhara, Amit Saha, Saubhik Haldar, Joydeep Mukherjee
Application of halophiles can decrease the cost of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production or bioplastic which are an alternative to the petroleum-derived plastic. Extremely halophilic archaeon, Natrinema ajinwuensis RM-G10 accumulated 61.02±0.68% PHA of its cell dry mass at 72hours in repeated batch cultures yielding 0.210±0.001gL(-1)h(-1) volumetric productivity after selection of the best cultivation conditions. Transmission electron microscopy showed the presence of PHA granules inside the archaeal cells...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Meshude Akbulut Söylemez, Olgun Güven
This study presents the preparation of molecularly imprinted matrices by using radiation-induced grafting technique onto polyethylene/polypropylene (PE/PP) non-woven fabrics. Atrazine imprinted polymers were grafted onto PE/PP non-woven fabrics through the use of methacrylic acid (MAA) and ethylene glycol dimethylacrylate (EGDMA) as the functional monomer and crosslinking agent, respectively. Grafted MIPs were characterized by attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), elemental analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS)...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Molecular Recognition: JMR
Kalpesh C Ashara, Ketan V Shah
BACKGROUND: Traditional formulations of salicylic acid in ointment bases have disadvantages of being greasy and irritant due to free crystals. AIM: To explore the method for selection of oils and their ratio for topical preparation on the basis of equilibrium solubility study of salicylic acid and to evaluate temperature effect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Scanning and calibration curve of salicylic acid in methanol were developed. Among available oils, those that had no interference of absorbance of salicylic acid were short-listed for screening purpose...
September 1, 2017: Folia Medica
Chander Parkash Dora, Varun Kushwah, Sameer S Katiyar, Pradeep Kumar, Viness Pillay, Sarasija Suresh, Sanyog Jain
The current study was aimed to prepare a molecular complex of erlotinib (ERL) with phospholipid (PC) for enhancement of solubility and thus bioavailability, therapeutic efficacy and reducing the toxicity of erlotinib. Phospholipid complex of drug was prepared by solvent evaporation method and characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FT-IR), proton and phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H NMR and (31)P NMR), powder X-ray diffraction (P-XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), which all explained the interactions of two components, validating the complexation phenomenon...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Neelam Yadav, Anil Kumar Chhillar, Chandra S Pundir
The nanoparticles of haemoglobin (HbNPs) were prepared by desolvation method and characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM),UV-vis spectroscopy, Fourier transformation infra red (FTIR) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Protein profile of HbNPs was also studied by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). An amperometric acrylamide biosensor was constructed by immobilizing covalently HbNPs onto polycrystalline Au electrode. The Au electrode was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS) before and after immobilization of HbNPs...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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