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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231239/surveillance-for-health-care-access-and-health-services-use-adults-aged-18-64-years-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-united-states-2014
#1
Catherine A Okoro, Guixiang Zhao, Jared B Fox, Paul I Eke, Kurt J Greenlund, Machell Town
PROBLEM/CONDITION: As a result of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, millions of U.S. adults attained health insurance coverage. However, millions of adults remain uninsured or underinsured. Compared with adults without barriers to health care, adults who lack health insurance coverage, have coverage gaps, or skip or delay care because of limited personal finances might face increased risk for poor physical and mental health and premature mortality. PERIOD COVERED: 2014...
February 24, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231079/vaginal-erbium-laser-as-second-generation-thermotherapy-for-the-genitourinary-syndrome-of-menopause-a-pilot-study-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#2
Marco Gambacciani, Marco Levancini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and acceptability of a second generation of vaginal laser treatment, the vaginal erbium laser, as a nonablative photothermal therapy for the management of genitourinary syndrome of menopause in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors. METHODS: The study was performed using an erbium laser crystal yttrium-aluminum-garnet (XS Fotona Smooth, Fotona, Ljubljana, Slovenia) with a wavelength of 2,940 nm. Forty-three postmenopausal breast cancer survivors were treated with three laser applications every 30 days...
March 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230781/-dose-to-mother-deuterium-oxide-dilution-technique-an-accurate-strategy-to-measure-vitamin-a-intake-in-breastfed-infants
#3
Veronica Lopez-Teros, Ana Teresa Limon-Miro, Humberto Astiazaran-Garcia, Sherry A Tanumihardjo, Orlando Tortoledo-Ortiz, Mauro E Valencia
In Mexico, infants (0-2 years old) show the highest prevalence of vitamin A deficiency (VAD), measured by serum retinol concentrations. Thus, we consider that low vitamin A (VA) intake through breast milk (BM) combined with poor weaning practices are the main factors that contribute to VAD in this group. We combined the assessment of VA status in lactating women using BM retinol and a stable isotope 'dose-to-mother' technique to measure BM production in women from urban and agricultural areas. Infants' mean BM intake was 758 ± 185 mL, and no difference was observed between both areas (p = 0...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230165/mtdna-meta-analysis-reveals-both-phenotype-specificity-and-allele-heterogeneity-a-model-for-differential-association
#4
Shani Marom, Michael Friger, Dan Mishmar
Human mtDNA genetic variants have traditionally been considered markers for ancient population migrations. However, during the past three decades, these variants have been associated with altered susceptibility to various phenotypes, thus supporting their importance for human health. Nevertheless, mtDNA disease association has frequently been supported only in certain populations, due either to population stratification or differential epistatic compensations among populations. To partially overcome these obstacles, we performed meta-analysis of the multiple mtDNA association studies conducted until 2016, encompassing 53,975 patients and 63,323 controls...
February 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229562/out-of-pocket-costs-and-burden-among-rural-breast-cancer-survivors
#5
Maria Pisu, Andres Azuero, Rachel Benz, Patrick McNees, Karen Meneses
Little is known about out-of-pocket (OOP) costs incurred for medical and health needs by rural breast cancer survivors and what factors may be associated with higher OOP costs and the associated economic burden. Data were examined for 432 survivors participating in the Rural Breast Cancer Survivor Intervention trial. OOP costs were collected using the Work and Finances Inventory survey at baseline and four assessments every 3 months. Mean and median OOP costs and burden (percent of monthly income spent on OOP costs) were reported and factors associated with OOP costs and burden identified with generalized linear models fitted with over-dispersed gamma distributions and logarithmic links (OOP costs) and with beta distributions with logit link (OOP burden)...
February 23, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229328/physical-exercise-vegetable-and-fruit-intake-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-chinese-breast-cancer-survivors-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Xiao-Huan Gong, Ji-Wei Wang, Jiang Li, Xue-Fen Chen, Li Sun, Zheng-Ping Yuan, Jin-Ming Yu
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer has long-term effects on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of cancer survivors after treatment. Few research studies have focused on the association between health behaviors and HRQOL of Chinese breast cancer survivors (BCS). The aim of this study was to examine the separate and combined influence of physical exercise, vegetable and fruit intake on health-related quality of life of BCS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among BCS from April to July 2013, in Shanghai, China...
February 22, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229097/pediatric-hypovitaminosis-d-molecular-perspectives-and-clinical-implications
#7
Rafiu Ariganjoye
Vitamin D, a secosteroid, is essential for the development and maintenance of healthy bone in both the adult and pediatric populations. Low level of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-(OH)-D) is highly prevalent in children worldwide and has been linked to various adverse health outcomes including rickets, osteomalacia, osteomalacic myopathy, sarcopenia, and weakness, growth retardation, hypocalcemia, seizure and tetany, autism, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, cancers (prostate, colon, breast), infectious diseases (viral, tuberculosis), and autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis and Hashimoto's thyroiditis...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228779/a-retrospective-study-on-screening-and-management-of-osteoporosis-in-breast-cancer-women-treated-with-aromatase-inhibitors-in-libya
#8
Hanan Saaddedin Abushwereb, M Elhabash, S Elhamshari, H Eshaefi
Negative health effects of aromatase inhibitors (AI) treatments on bones such as osteoporosis are evidenced. This impact of the aromatase inhibitors on bone. This study aimed to improve the medical assistance given to patients under AI treatment to minimize secondary osteoporosis. Fifty Libyan postmenopausal women treated with AI to fight breast cancer were selected from attendants Tripoli Medical Center (TMC), Oncology Department during year 2014. A closed questionnaire was requested from each women including data about age, age at AI therapy, and types of AI, age at bone densitometry measurement, onset and symptoms of osteoporosis, treatment of osteoporosis and measurement of vitamin D and calcium supplement given...
September 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228695/accessory-joint-and-neural-mobilizations-for-shoulder-range-of-motion-restriction-after-breast-cancer-surgery-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Irene de la Rosa Díaz, María Torres Lacomba, Ester Cerezo Téllez, Cristina Díaz Del Campo Gómez-Rico, Carlos Gutiérrez Ortega
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the methods to conduct a substantive clinical trial to evaluate the effects of accessory joint mobilization (AJM) vs neural mobilization (NM) techniques for shoulder motion restriction after breast cancer surgery. METHODS: This pilot study was a prospective randomized and double-blind clinical trial in which 18 women who underwent unilateral breast cancer surgery and axillary lymph node dissection participated. The study was conducted at the Women's Health Research Group at the Physical Therapy Department of Alcalá University, Madrid, Spain...
March 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227882/development-and-application-of-human-breast-phantoms-in-microwave-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-technologies
#10
Luz Maria Neira, R Owen Mays, Susan C Hagness, Luz Maria Neira, R Owen Mays, Susan C Hagness, Luz Maria Neira, Susan C Hagness, R Owen Mays
We highlight recent progress in the development of high-fidelity numerical and physical breast phantoms. These phantoms mimic the anatomical structure and physical properties that are relevant to accurately portraying microwave interactions with the human breast. The phantoms are currently being used in numerous laboratory studies of microwave diagnostic and therapeutic technologies for a variety of potential clinical applications in breast health and disease management.
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225871/factors-related-to-non-adherence-to-mammography-in-a-city-of-the-brazilian-amazonian-area-a-population-based-study
#11
Camila Iasmim de Andrade Souza, Daniela Souza Araújo, Daniele Aparecida de Freitas Teles, Stéphanie Gomes Lins de Carvalho, Kyldery Wendell Moura Cavalcante, Wendell Lima Rabelo, Cibelli Navarro Rodrigues Alves, Allex Jardim da Fonseca
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of mammography use and factors related to non-adherence in Boa Vista, capital of Roraima, Brazil. METHOD: A cross sectional study, quantitative analysis, based on household survey was performed between June and August 2013, using a face-to-face interview with a pre-tested form. Target population was women between 40 and 69 years. The sample size target was 240 participants, and the sampling method was random cluster sampling. The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Federal University of Roraima...
January 1, 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224383/oncologist-and-organizational-factors-associated-with-variation-in-breast-cancer-multigene-testing
#12
Tracy A Lieu, G Thomas Ray, Stephanie R Prausnitz, Laurel A Habel, Stacey Alexeeff, Yan Li, Scott D Ramsey, Charles E Phelps, Neetu Chawla, Suzanne C O'Neill, Jeanne S Mandelblatt
PURPOSE: Multigene testing for breast cancer recurrence risk became available in 2007, yet many eligible patients remain untested. This study evaluated variation in testing rates, and oncologist and organizational factors associated with variation, in a setting without financial influences on testing. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using electronic data and oncologist surveys within Kaiser Permanente Northern California, a large integrated health care system...
February 21, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224276/preparedness-and-cancer-related-symptom-management-among-cancer-survivors-in-the-first-year-post-treatment
#13
Corinne R Leach, Alyssa N Troeschel, Dawn Wiatrek, Annette L Stanton, Michael Diefenbach, Kevin D Stein, Katherine Sharpe, Kenneth Portier
BACKGROUND: Many cancer survivors feel unprepared for the physical and psychosocial challenges that accompany the post-treatment care transition (i.e., re-entry phase), including management of cancer-related symptoms. Few studies have investigated personal and contextual factors associated with the extent of preparedness for re-entry or how they are related to cancer-related symptom management. PURPOSE: Data from the American Cancer Society's Cancer Survivor Transition Study examined (1) characteristics of breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer survivors (n = 1188) within the first year of completing treatment who are most and least prepared for re-entry; and (2) how preparedness level and other characteristics are related to cancer-related symptom management...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224136/challenges-to-development-of-cervical-and-breast-cancer-program-development-in-post-conflict-liberia-presentation-prepared-for-african-first-ladies-conference-10th-scca-conference-addis-ababa-ethiopia-2016
#14
Ann Marie Beddoe
•Integrating cancer care in post-conflict settings.•Building health worker and infrastructure for cancer care in low resource setting.•Foreword by Her Excellency President Sirleaf, Republic of Liberia.
May 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223845/the-predictors-of-poor-quality-of-life-in-a-sample-of-saudi-women-with-breast-cancer
#15
Anwar E Ahmed, Abdulrahman G Alharbi, Mohannad A Alsadhan, Alaa S Almuzaini, Hanin S Almuzaini, Yosra Z Ali, Abdul-Rahman Jazieh
BACKGROUND: The protocols for treatment, along with many adverse effects, can strongly affect cancer patients' quality of life (QoL). As there is limited research on the QoL of Saudi Arabian women being treated for breast cancer, the purpose of this study was to identify the predictors of poor QoL in a sample of Saudi women with breast cancer. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 145 Saudi women with breast cancer who attended the Oncology Outpatient Clinic at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh for routine follow-up...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223429/cancer-mortality-in-hispanic-ethnic-groups
#16
Paulo S Pinheiro, Karen E Callahan, Rebecca L Siegel, Hongbin Jin, Cyllene R Morris, Edward J Trapido, Scarlett Lin Gomez
Background: Cancer is the leading cause of death among Hispanics. The burden of cancer mortality within Hispanic groups has not been well quantified.Methods: Cancer mortality rates for 2008-2012 in Florida were computed on the basis of race, ethnicity, and birthplace, specifically focusing on major Hispanic groups-Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Central Americans, South Americans, and Dominicans. Age-adjusted mortality rate ratios derived from negative binomial regression were used to compare Hispanics, aggregated and by group, to nonHispanic whites (NHW)...
February 21, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222726/treatment-delays-among-women-with-breast-cancer-in-a-low-socio-economic-status-region-in-brazil
#17
Naidhia Alves Soares Ferreira, Sionara Melo Figueiredo de Carvalho, Vitor Engrácia Valenti, Italla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra, Hermes Melo Teixeira Batista, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Fernando Adami, Leandro Luongo de Matos
BACKGROUND: Considering the inequalities and the areas of low socioeconomic status in Brazil, access to health services is a challenge and the delay between diagnosis and treatment represents an important factor of worse prognosis in patients with breast cancer. Herein, we describe the clinical and epidemiological profiles of women with breast cancer and evaluate their access to health services, as well as treatment delays, at a reference centre of the Cariri region, Ceará, Brazil. METHODS: This is a retrospective study that included 473 women treated with breast cancer between 2009 and 2011 at the Oncology Centre of the Cariri...
February 21, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222075/a-pilot-study-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-breast-cancer-survivors
#18
Heather Becker, Ashley M Henneghan, Deborah L Volker, Sabrina Q Mikan
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To test combining a group intervention to build self-efficacy for using compensatory strategies and lifestyle adjustments with brain-training practice to improve cognition.
. DESIGN: A quasiexperimental design.
. SETTING: Texas Oncology, a community oncology practice in Austin.
. SAMPLE: 20 women aged 35-65 years, who had finished chemotherapy at least three months before the study, were within five years of completing all treatment, and had self-reported cognitive concerns...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222074/integrative-review-on-the-effectiveness-of-internet-based-interactive-programs-for-women-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-treatment
#19
Jiemin Zhu, Lyn Ebert, Sally Wai-Chi Chan
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Internet-based interactive programs have been developed to address health needs for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment, but evidence has been inadequate to establish the effectiveness of these programs. This article aims to synthesize studies published in English or Chinese regarding the effectiveness of these programs on the outcomes of symptom distress, social support, self-efficacy, quality of life, and psychological well-being for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222072/discrepancies-in-central-review-re-testing-of-patients-with-er-positive-and-her2-negative-breast-cancer-in-the-optima-prelim-randomised-clinical-trial
#20
S E Pinder, A F Campbell, J M S Bartlett, A Marshall, D Allen, M Falzon, J A Dunn, A Makris, L Hughes-Davies, R C Stein
BACKGROUND: There is limited data on results of central re-testing of samples from patients with invasive breast cancer categorised in their local hospital laboratories as oestrogen receptor (ER) positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor homologue 2 (HER2) negative. METHODS: The Optimal Personalised Treatment of early breast cancer usIng Multiparameter Analysis preliminary study (OPTIMA prelim) was the feasibility phase of a randomised controlled trial to validate the use of multiparameter assay-directed chemotherapy decisions in the UK National Health Service (NHS)...
February 21, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
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