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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086977/people-living-with-hiv-on-art-have-accurate-perception-of-lipodystrophy-signs-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Paulo R Alencastro, Nemora T Barcellos, Fernando H Wolff, Maria Letícia R Ikeda, Fabiana Schuelter-Trevisol, Ajácio B M Brandão, Sandra C Fuchs
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of lipodystrophy ranges from 31 to 65%, depending on the criteria adopted for diagnosis. The usual methods applied in the diagnosis vary from self-perception, medical examination, skinfolds measurements, or even imaging assessment for confirmation of fat distribution changes. Although several methods have been developed, there is no gold standard for characterization of LA and LH, or mixed forms. This study aimed to compare self-reported signs of lipodystrophy with objective measures by skinfolds and circumferences, and to evaluate the prevalence of lipoatrophy (LA) and lipohypertrophy (LH) among subjects living with HIV/AIDS on ART...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081292/the-utility-of-abbreviated-patient-reported-outcomes-for-predicting-survival-in-early-stage-colorectal-cancer
#2
Tina Hsu, Caroline H Speers, Hagen F Kennecke, Winson Y Cheung
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are increasingly used in clinical settings. Prior research suggests that PROs collected at baseline may be associated with cancer survival, but most of those studies were conducted in patients with breast or lung cancer. The objective of this study was to determine the correlation between prospectively collected PROs and cancer-specific outcomes in patients with early stage colorectal cancer. METHODS: Patients who had newly diagnosed stage II or III colorectal cancer from 2009 to 2010 and had a consultation at the British Columbia Cancer Agency completed the brief Psychosocial Screen for Cancer (PSSCAN) questionnaire, which collects data on patients' perceived social supports, quality of life (QOL), anxiety and depression, and general health...
January 12, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080988/medical-mycology-and-fungal-immunology-new-research-perspectives-addressing-a-major-world-health-challenge
#3
REVIEW
Neil A R Gow, Mihai G Netea
Fungi cause more than a billion skin infections, more than 100 million mucosal infections, 10 million serious allergies and more than a million deaths each year. Global mortality owing to fungal infections is greater than for malaria and breast cancer and is equivalent to that owing to tuberculosis (TB) and HIV. These statistics evidence fungal infections as a major threat to human health and a major burden to healthcare budgets worldwide. Those patients who are at greatest risk of life-threatening fungal infections include those who have weakened immunity or have suffered trauma or other predisposing infections such as HIV...
December 5, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080186/satisfaction-with-sex-life-in-sexually-active-heterosexual-couples-dealing-with-breast-cancer-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#4
Nina Rottmann, Dorte Gilså Hansen, René dePont Christensen, Mariët Hagedoorn, Morten Frisch, Anne Nicolaisen, Niels Kroman, Henrik Flyger, Christoffer Johansen
BACKGROUND: A breast cancer (BC) diagnosis can profoundly affect the sex life of patient and partner within a couple. The purpose of the present study is to examine whether individual and partner sexual functioning, affectionate behavior, emotional closeness and depressive symptoms are associated with change over time in satisfaction with sex life of sexually active heterosexual couples dealing with BC and to explore whether the associations differ between patients and partners after adjustment for basic sociodemographic characteristics, comorbidity and BC treatment...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079008/walking-a-tightrope-a-perspective-of-resveratrol-effects-on-breast-cancer
#5
Caterina Bartolacci, Cristina Andreani, Augusto Amici, Cristina Marchini
It is an acknowledged fact that health benefits are derived from fruit- and vegetables-enriched diets. In particular, polyphenols, compounds bearing one or more hydroxyl groups attached to an aromatic ring, are ascribed for most of such beneficial effects. Among them, resveratrol, a phytoalexin found in numerous plant species, and more notably in grapes, has widely piqued the interest of the scientific community by virtue of its anti-aging, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. Moreover, evidence claiming resveratrol ability to hinder processes underlying all the three steps of carcinogenesis (tumor initiation, progression and metastasization) has propelled an incredibly massive number of studies aimed at enquiring its eventual clinical potential in the fight against cancer...
January 11, 2017: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076275/atmospheric-fine-particulate-matter-and-breast-cancer-mortality-a-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Giovanna Tagliabue, Alessandro Borgini, Andrea Tittarelli, Aaron van Donkelaar, Randall V Martin, Martina Bertoldi, Sabrina Fabiano, Anna Maghini, Tiziana Codazzi, Alessandra Scaburri, Imma Favia, Alessandro Cau, Giulio Barigelletti, Roberto Tessandori, Paolo Contiero
OBJECTIVES: Atmospheric fine particulate matter (PM2.5) has multiple adverse effects on human health. Global atmospheric levels of PM2.5 increased by 0.55 μg/m(3)/year (2.1%/year) from 1998 through 2012. There is evidence of a causal relationship between atmospheric PM2.5 and breast cancer (BC) incidence, but few studies have investigated BC mortality and atmospheric PM2.5. We investigated BC mortality in relation to atmospheric PM2.5 levels among patients living in Varese Province, northern Italy...
November 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075207/perceived-needs-for-different-components-in-a-rehabilitation-program-among-cancer-survivors-with-chronic-fatigue-compared-to-survivors-without-chronic-fatigue
#7
Gunhild M Gjerset, Jon H Loge, Cecilie E Kiserud, Sophie D Fosså, Sævar B Gudbergsson, Line M Oldervoll, Torbjørn Wisløff, Lene Thorsen
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the user' needs is important to develop targeted rehabilitation for cancer patients with chronic fatigue (CF). The aims of the study were to examine prevalence of CF in cancer survivors attending an one-week inpatient educational program (IEP) and to identify characteristics of those with CF. Further to examine the perceived needs for different components in a rehabilitation program, need of complex rehabilitation (at least two components) and aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among survivors with CF versus those without CF...
January 11, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075191/reduction-mammaplasty-improves-levels-of-anxiety-depression-and-body-image-satisfaction-in-patients-with-symptomatic-macromastia-in-the-short-and-long-term
#8
Esther Pérez-Panzano, Ana Gascón-Catalán, Ramón Sousa-Domínguez, Patricia Carrera-Lasfuentes, Javier García-Campayo, Antonio Güemes-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychological consequences (anxiety, depression and body image dissatisfaction) of symptomatic macromastia and the effectiveness of breast reduction surgery in re-establishing the mental health of the patient in the short and long term. METHOD: 119 patients over 18 years old who had been diagnosed with symptomatic macromastia were assessed, before surgery, one month after the operation and one year later. Patients completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Body Image Dissatisfaction subscale of the Eating Disorders Inventory (EDI-2)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074721/-capecitabine-induced-ventricular-fibrillation
#9
A V van Capelle, J de Valk, D Schakenraad, T Germans, D Ten Oever
BACKGROUND: Capecitabine is an orally-administered chemotherapeutic agent used in the treatment of colorectal, gastric and breast carcinoma. Capecitabine has relatively mild side effects. Less known are its potential severe cardiotoxic effects. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a case of a 61-year-old man recently diagnosed with rectal cancer. Six days after starting with capecitabine, he developed a cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation (VF). Extensive additional diagnostics did not explain the cardiac arrest nor VF...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072915/association-between-duration-of-breast-feeding-and-metabolic-syndrome-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys
#10
Se Rin Choi, Yong Min Kim, Min Su Cho, So Hyun Kim, Young Suk Shim
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the association of the lifelong duration of breast feeding with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in Korean parous women aged 19-50 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 4724 participants from the Korean National Health and Nutritional Survey were included. Subjects were divided into four groups according to the duration of breast feeding: ≤5, 6-11, 12-23, or ≥24 months groups. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of MetS and its components were assessed according to the duration of breast feeding...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072609/the-impact-of-estrogen-alone-hormone-therapy-on-breast-cancer-risk-and-health-outcomes-reassurance-for-the-treatment-of-climacteric-symptoms-in-black-women
#11
Aaron K Styer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072594/genetics-consultation-rates-following-a-diagnosis-of-high-grade-serous-ovarian-carcinoma-in-the-canadian-province-of-ontario
#12
Jacob McGee, Karen Panabaker, Sean Leonard, Peter Ainsworth, Laurie Elit, Salimah Z Shariff
OBJECTIVE: In 2001, the province of Ontario expanded cancer genetic testing eligibility to include all women with high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSC) of the ovary, fallopian tube, and peritoneum. The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of women who attended genetics counseling for consideration of BRCA1/2 gene analysis. We also sought to examine if regional differences in consultation rate exist across administrative health regions in the province of Ontario. METHODS: We identified all women with a pathological diagnosis of HGSC in the province of Ontario between 1997 until 2011...
January 9, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071615/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-about-breast-cancer-and-breast-self-examination-among-women-seeking-out-patient-care-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-central-india
#13
Rao Siddharth, D Gupta, R Narang, P Singh
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Early detection of BC and early treatment increases the chance of survival. According to Breast Health Global Initiative guidelines for low and middle income countries, diagnosing BCs early by promoting breast self-awareness; clinical breast examination (CBE) and resource adapted mammographic screening will reduce BC mortality. There is a paucity of data on the knowledge and awareness of BC and self-breast examination in India...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070803/life-satisfaction-of-women-of-working-age-shortly-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#14
Mariann Olsson, Marie Nilsson, Kerstin Fugl-Meyer, Lena-Marie Petersson, Agneta Wennman-Larsen, Linnea Kjeldgård, Kristina Alexanderson
PURPOSE: To explore, among women of working age, satisfaction with life as a whole and with different life domains, and its associations with social and health variables, shortly after breast cancer surgery. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 605 women, aged 20-63 years, who had had breast cancer surgery with no distant metastasis, pre-surgical chemotherapy, or previous breast cancer. Associations between LiSat-11 and demographic and social factors as well as health- and treatment-related variables were analysed by multivariable logistic regression...
January 9, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070770/a-dance-intervention-for-cancer-survivors-and-their-partners-rhythm
#15
Maria Pisu, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Kelly M Kenzik, Robert A Oster, Chee Paul Lin, Sharon Manne, Ronald Alvarez, Michelle Y Martin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of a ballroom dance intervention on improving quality of life (QOL) and relationship outcomes in cancer survivors and their partners. METHODS: We conducted a pilot randomized controlled trial with two arms (Restoring Health in You (and Your Partner) through Movement, RHYTHM): (1) immediate dance intervention and (2) delayed intervention (wait-list control). The intervention consisted of 10 private weekly dance lessons and 2 practice parties over 12 weeks...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069684/weight-fluctuation-and-cancer-risk-in-post-menopausal-women-the-women-s-health-initiative
#16
Laura M Welti, Daniel P Beavers, Bette J Caan, Haleh Sangi-Haghpekar, Mara Z Vitolins, Kristen M Beavers
BACKGROUND: Weight cycling, defined by an intentional weight loss and subsequent regain, commonly occurs in overweight and obese women and is associated with some negative health outcomes. We examined the role of various weight-change patterns during early to mid- adulthood and associated risk of highly prevalent, obesity-related cancers (breast, endometrial, colorectal) in postmenopausal women. METHODS: 80,943 postmenopausal women (age: 63.4±7.4 years) in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study were categorized by self-reported weight change (weight stable; weight gain; lost weight; weight cycled [1-3, 4-6, 7-10, >10 times]) during early to mid- adulthood (18-50 years)...
January 9, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068854/breast-cancer-care-in-california-and-ontario
#17
Kevin M Gorey, Caroline Hamm, Isaac N Luginaah, Guangyong Zou, Eric J Holowaty
BACKGROUND: Better health care among Canada's socioeconomically vulnerable versus America's has not been fully explained. We examined the effects of poverty, health insurance and the supply of primary care physicians on breast cancer care. METHODS: We analyzed breast cancer data in Ontario (n = 950) and California (n = 6300) between 1996 and 2000 and followed until 2014. We obtained socioeconomic data from censuses, oversampling the poor. We obtained data on the supply of physicians, primary care and specialists...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068732/-concept-for-a-national-implant-registry-to-improve-patient-safety
#18
L Prantl, U von Fritschen, J Liebau, J von Hassel, E M Baur, P M Vogt, R E Giunta, R E Horch
Since the introduction of silicone implants, several events have led to considerable uncertainty among the patients, public, and users. So far, however, the necessary steps to significantly improving patient safety have not been taken in any of these cases. Requiring stricter approvals for medical devices, improving monitoring by the regulatory authorities and the revision of the Medical Devices Directive are all initial steps in the right direction towards a change in policy, but are insufficient as an early warning system...
December 2016: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068660/direct-to-consumer-genetic-testing-user-motivations-decision-making-and-perceived-utility-of-results
#19
J Scott Roberts, Michele C Gornick, Deanna Alexis Carere, Wendy R Uhlmann, Mack T Ruffin, Robert C Green
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To describe the interests, decision making, and responses of consumers of direct-to-consumer personal genomic testing (DTC-PGT) services. METHODS: Prior to 2013 regulatory restrictions on DTC-PGT services, 1,648 consumers from 2 leading companies completed Web surveys before and after receiving test results. RESULTS: Prior to testing, DTC-PGT consumers were as interested in ancestry (74% very interested) and trait information (72%) as they were in disease risks (72%)...
January 10, 2017: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068605/questionnaire-to-assess-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-validation-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-eortc-qlq-br-53
#20
Zhen Zhang, Xian Zhang, Ling Wei, Yunshou Lin, Dongwen Wu, Shumin Xie, Lin Yue, Jingru Tian, Yu Zhang, Qijun Song, Stephenie Mu-Lian Woo, Adam R Miller, Le Luo, Lei Zhang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Breast Cancer (EORTC QLQ-BR53) questionnaire firstly in north of China. METHODS: A total of 294 outpatients with breast cancer in Tianjin Cancer Institution and Hospital from November 2014 to August 2015 were enrolled in this study. All patients self-administered the EORTC QLQ-BR25 and the Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36)...
January 6, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
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