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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324921/epidemiology-of-intracranial-metastases-in-korea-a-national-cohort-investigation
#1
Tackeun Kim, Changhoon Song, Jung Ho Han, In-Ah Kim, Yu Jung Kim, Se Hyun Kim, Jee Hyun Kim, Chae-Yong Kim
Purpose: To investigate the epidemiologic features of intracranial metastases (ICMET) in Korea, we performed a cohort study using the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort database, which comprised healthcare usage information of approximately 1 million Korean individuals over 12 years. Materials and Methods: We enrolled 998,602 subjects, after excluding 18,218 subjects diagnosed with any cancer during the washout period (2002-2004). The observation period was 9 years (2005-2013; 8,725,438 person-years)...
March 21, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322524/-nudging-o-educazione-a-scelte-civiche-responsabili-l-esempio-dello-screening-della-mammella
#2
Mariachiara Tallacchini
"Nudge, or nudging, refers to a policy approach inspired by behavioral sciences: it promotes the conducts identified as desirable by regulators without applying prohibition and coercion. This approach has gained a lot of momentum in the domain of health policies. Policy strategies based on behavioral insights appear ideal as to implementing healthier life styles and public health programs while minimizing compliance costs: from organ donation to food choices, from fighting obesity and chronic diseases to screening policies...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319988/travel-distance-to-cancer-treatment-facilities-in-the-deep-south
#3
Mary J Wills, Marilyn V Whitman, Thomas M English
Despite ongoing efforts to improve rural healthcare, the health problems facing rural communities persist. The lack of healthcare providers and infrastructure in rural areas has been linked to a number of negative consequences. Among the elderly rural population, the lack of proximal access presents greater barriers because many elderly people are further limited in their ability to travel and pay for services. In the Deep South specifically, rural residents experience limited access to care and overall poor health outcomes...
January 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319725/antiestrogen-use-in-breast-cancer-patients-reduces-the-risk-of-subsequent-lung-cancer-a-population-based-study
#4
Sung-Chao Chu, Chia-Jung Hsieh, Tso-Fu Wang, Mun-Kun Hong, Tang-Yuan Chu
BACKGROUND: There is accumulating epidemiological and preclinical evidence that estrogen might be a driver of lung cancer. Breast cancer survivors can offer a unique patient cohort to examine the effect of antiestrogen therapy on lung cancer carcinogenesis because many of these women would have received long-term selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) and/or aromatase inhibitors (AIs) as adjuvant treatment. Our hypothesis is that estrogens play a role in lung cancer development, and that antiestrogen therapy would affect the incidence of subsequent lung cancer among breast cancer survivors...
March 17, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319242/quality-of-cancer-surveillance-clinical-practice-guidelines-specificity-and-consistency-of-recommendations
#5
Ryan P Merkow, Deborah Korenstein, Rubaya Yeahia, Peter B Bach, Shrujal S Baxi
Importance: Primary care clinicians, who are increasingly responsible for caring for the growing population of cancer survivors, may be unfamiliar with appropriate cancer surveillance strategies. Clinical practice guidelines can inform cancer follow-up care and surveillance testing. Vague recommendations and inconsistencies among guidelines can lead to overuse and underuse of health care resources and have a negative impact on cost and quality of survivorship care. Objective: To examine the specificity and consistency of recommendations for surveillance after active treatment across cancer guidelines...
March 20, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317453/ebola-virus-epidemiology-diagnosis-and-control-threat-to-humans-lessons-learnt-and-preparedness-plans-an-update-on-its-40-year-s-journey
#6
Raj Kumar Singh, Kuldeep Dhama, Yashpal Singh Malik, Muthannan Andavar Ramakrishnan, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Rekha Khandia, Ruchi Tiwari, Ashok Munjal, Mani Saminathan, Swati Sachan, Perumal Arumugam Desingu, Jobin Jose Kattoor, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Sunil Kumar Joshi
Ebola virus (EBOV) is an extremely contagious pathogen and causes lethal hemorrhagic fever disease in man and animals with high fatality rates. The recently occurred Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreaks in the West African countries have categorized it as an international health concern. For the virus maintenance and transmission, the non-human primates and reservoir hosts like fruit bats have played a vital role. Furthermore, the virus may also get transferred through contaminated biological fluids like breast milk, tears, urine, semen, blood, etc...
March 20, 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317314/assessing-disruptions-in-adherence-to-antidepressant-treatments-after-breast-cancer-diagnosis
#7
Yi-Ting Chou, Aaron N Winn, Donald L Rosenstein, Stacie B Dusetzina
PURPOSE: Long-term treatment with antidepressants can lessen the symptoms of depression, but health-related crises-such as a cancer diagnosis-may disrupt ongoing depression care. The study aims to estimate the effect of receiving a breast cancer diagnosis on antidepressant adherence among women with depression. METHODS: Using SEER-Medicare administrative claims, we identified women aged 65+ with newly diagnosed breast cancer between 2008 and 2011, who were diagnosed with depression and used antidepressants during the year before pre-diagnosis year...
March 19, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317221/psychological-and-clinical-correlates-of-posttraumatic-growth-in-cancer-a-systematic-and-critical-review
#8
REVIEW
Anna Casellas-Grau, Cristian Ochoa, Chiara Ruini
OBJECTIVE: To describe major findings on posttraumatic growth (PTG) in cancer, by analyzing its various definitions, assessment tools, and examining its main psychological and clinical correlates. Methods A search in relevant databases (PsycINFO, Pubmed, ProQuest, Scopus and Web of Science) was performed using descriptors related to the positive reactions in cancer. Articles were screened by title, abstract and full-text. RESULTS: Seventy-two met the inclusion criteria...
March 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315860/determinants-and-duration-of-impact-of-early-gut-bacterial-colonization
#9
Christine Ann Edwards
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies show low diversity of the gut microbiome in those with chronic diseases such as obesity, inflammatory bowel disease, and allergy. Manipulation of the microbiota may promote health. However, the adult microbiota is stable and may be difficult to change. Understanding the fixed and modifiable factors, which determine colonization in early life, may provide strategies for acquisition of a health-promoting microbiome. SUMMARY: Not enough is known about the long-term effects of established determinants of gut colonization, including delivery mode, perinatal antibiotics, and infant diet...
March 18, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315281/are-there-changes-in-the-fatty-acid-profile-of-breast-milk-with-supplementation-of-omega-3-sources-a-systematic-review
#10
Yasmin Notarbartolo di Villarosa do Amaral, Daniele Marano, Leila Maria Lopes da Silva, Aline Carnevale Lia Dias Guimarães, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira
Purpose To evaluate the effect of supplementation with omega-3 sources on the fatty acid composition of human milk. Methods The review consisted of the search for articles published in PubMed, Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde (Virtual Health Library[VHL]) and Web of Science databases using the following keywords: fatty acids, omega-3, human milk and supplementation; for this purpose, we have used the program of research to integrate the services for the maintenance of autonomy (PRISMA) checklist. The following selection criteria were used: articles in English, Portuguese, Spanish or Italian, published between 2000 and 2015, and about studies performed in humans...
March 17, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314835/endocrine-therapy-in-the-current-management-of-postmenopausal-estrogen-receptor-positive-metastatic-breast-cancer
#11
Virginia G Kaklamani, William J Gradishar
Metastatic breast cancer (MBC) results in substantial morbidity and mortality for women afflicted with this disease. A majority of MBCs are hormone-responsive and estrogen receptor-positive, making endocrine therapy (ET) an integral component of systemic therapy. With a primary goal of minimizing the effects of estrogen on hormone-responsive MBC, ETs are among the first targeted treatments that aim to inhibit the influence of estrogen receptor activation on tumor proliferation. Several biochemical mechanisms have been the focus of drug development for treatment, including selective estrogen-receptor modulation, aromatase inhibition, and selective estrogen-receptor degradation...
March 17, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314544/comprehensive-assessments-of-long-term-sleep-habits-in-epidemiological-study-validity-and-reliability-of-sleep-factors-questionnaire-sfq-among-chinese-women
#12
Wan-Shui Yang, Wen-Xue Fu, Xin Wang, Qin Deng, Ling Wang, Lin-Yan Wang, Hao Zhao, Wen-Yan Fan, Shao-Xin Huang
OBJECTIVE: Epidemiological studies suggested that poor sleep is a potentially novel risk factor for several health outcomes currently; however, there are no validated questionnaires that can systematically measure sleep parameters within these studies. We evaluated the reliability and validity of 17-item sleep factors questionnaire (SFQ), which was developed to comprehensively assess long-term sleep habits for the Jiujiang Breast Cancer Study (JBCS), Jiujiang, China. METHODS: The participants included 100 women aged 18-74years, who were randomly selected from the JBCS project, and completed a SFQ at baseline and again 1year later, and 4 quarterly 30 consecutive days (a total of 120days) sleep diaries over this same year...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303239/epidemiology-of-ebola-virus-disease-in-the-western-area-region-of-sierra-leone-2014-2015
#13
Margaret Lamunu, Olushayo Oluseun Olu, James Bangura, Zabulon Yoti, Thomas Takpau Samba, David Kabba Kargbo, Foday Mohamed Dafae, Muhammad Ali Raja, Noah Sempira, Michael Lyazi Ivan, Aarti Sing, Fredson Kurti-George, Negusu Worku, Pamela Mitula, Louisa Ganda, Robert Samupindi, Roland Conteh, Kande-Bure Kamara, Beatrice Muraguri, Michael Kposowa, Joseph Charles, Malimbo Mugaga, Christopher Dye, Anshu Banerjee, Pierre Formenty, Brima Kargbo, Raymond Bruce Aylward
INTRODUCTION: Western Area (WA) of Sierra Leone including the capital, Freetown, experienced an unprecedented outbreak of Ebola from 2014 to 2015. At the onset of the epidemic, there was little information about the epidemiology, transmission dynamics, and risk factors in urban settings as previous outbreaks were limited to rural/semi-rural settings. This study, therefore, aimed to describe the epidemiology of the outbreak and the factors which had most impact on the transmission of the epidemic and whether there were different drivers from those previously described in rural settings...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301849/long-term-adverse-effects-of-early-growth-acceleration-or-catch-up-growth
#14
Atul Singhal
BACKGROUND: Whilst prevention of growth faltering has both short- and long-term health benefits, whether too fast or accelerated infant growth adversely affects later health outcomes is controversial and a major focus of research. SUMMARY: Many observational studies suggest that rapid weight gain in infancy (upward centile crossing) increases the long-term risk of obesity and non-communicable disease. This association has been seen in infants from low- and high-income countries, in infants born preterm or at term, and those born with normal or low birth weight for gestation...
March 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301845/dietary-intakes-of-arachidonic-acid-and-docosahexaenoic-acid-in-early-life-with-a-special-focus-on-complementary-feeding-in-developing-countries
#15
Stewart Forsyth, Sheila Gautier, Norman Salem
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, dietary intakes of arachidonic acid (ARA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in early life are lower than current recommended levels. This review specifically focusses on the contribution that complementary feeding makes to ARA and DHA intakes in medium- to low-income countries. The aims of the review are (1) to determine the availability of ARA and DHA food sources in developing countries, (2) to estimate the contribution of complementary feeding to dietary intakes of ARA and DHA in infants aged 6-36 months, and (3) to relate the dietary ARA and DHA intake data to key socioeconomic and health indicators...
March 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301346/home-based-psychoeducational-intervention-for-breast-cancer-survivors
#16
Figen Şengün İnan, Besti Üstün
BACKGROUND: It is important to manage psychological distress and improve the quality of life (QOL) in patients after breast cancer treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a home-based, psychoeducational program on distress, anxiety, depression, and QOL in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: The study was a single-group pretest and posttest quasi-experimental design. The data were collected using the Distress Thermometer, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Turkish version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument, short form...
March 15, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301216/bioidentical-menopausal-hormone-therapy-registered-hormones-non-oral-estradiol%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-progesterone-are-optimal
#17
M L'Hermite
The many advantages of registered bioidentical sex hormones over registered, conventional, non-bioidentical menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) are considered. The transdermal route of estrogen administration avoids excess venous thromboembolic and ischemic stroke events. There is some indication that conjugated equine estrogens are more thrombogenic and most likely induce some hypertensive responses; estradiol might also be superior to conjugated equine estrogens (CEE) in terms of global cardiovascular health...
March 16, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301213/academic-radiologist-subspecialty-identification-using-a-novel-claims-based-classification-system
#18
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Wenyi Wang, Danny R Hughes, Luke A Ginocchio, David A Rosman, Richard Duszak
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study is to assess the feasibility of a novel claims-based classification system for payer identification of academic radiologist subspecialties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a categorization scheme based on the Neiman Imaging Types of Service (NITOS) system, we mapped the Medicare Part B services billed by all radiologists from 2012 to 2014, assigning them to the following subspecialty categories: abdominal imaging, breast imaging, cardiothoracic imaging, musculoskeletal imaging, nuclear medicine, interventional radiology, and neuroradiology...
March 16, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299592/the-effect-of-a-celebrity-health-disclosure-on-demand-for-health-care-trends-in-brca-testing-and-subsequent-health-services-use
#19
Megan C Roberts, Stacie B Dusetzina
In May 2013, an internationally renowned celebrity-Angelina Jolie-disclosed her receipt of BRCA1/BRCA2 (BRCA) testing and subsequent double mastectomy in a highly publicized editorial. Publicity surrounding celebrity health services use increases awareness of important health issues and demand for health services. We aimed to describe BRCA testing trends before and after Jolie's disclosure, breast cancer-related services use following testing, and test reimbursement trends. MarketScan Commercial Claims data were used to compare trends in BRCA testing before and after Jolie's health disclosure using an interrupted time series model among women aged 18-64...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299543/comparison-of-training-via-short-messages-and-group-training-on-level-of-knowledge-and-practice-of-middle-aged-women-about-breast-cancer-screening-tests
#20
Neda Naserian, Somayeh Ansari, Parvin Abedi
This study is aimed to compare the effect of two methods of short messages and group training on level of knowledge and practice of middle-aged women about breast cancer screening procedures. This clinical trial study was done on 210 women aged 40-60 years in Mahshahr city, Iran. Eligible middle-aged women were randomly assigned in two groups of short message (n = 105) and group training (n = 105). Data collected through a questionnaire which included three parts (demographic, knowledge and practice of women about breast cancer and screening procedures)...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
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