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Female urinary incontinence

Mahmut Kuntay Kokanalı, Sabri Cavkaytar, Demet Kokanalı, Orhan Aksakal, Melike Doganay
There is little data comparing the surgical outcomes of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) and transobturator tape (TOT) procedures in obese women. Therefore, we aimed to compare the surgical outcomes of TOT and TVT procedures among obese women with a diagnosis of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). One hundred and eighty-nine women who underwent TVT or TOT procedures due to pure SUI were included. Women in whom the body mass index (BMI) was ≥30 kg/m(2) were considered as obese, while <30 kg/m(2) were non-obese...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
W Y Zhang, X P Zhang, J W Chen, Y R Sun, J Wang, H Hu, K X Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate age related changes in urodynamic parameters of women with urinary incontinence. METHODS: From May 2008 to October 2015, a total of 214 patients diagnosed with urinary incontinence in Peking University People's Hospital was involved in this study. Average age was (56.97±10.68) years, ranging from 30 to 82 years, and average history was (8.44±8.85) years, ranging from one month to 50 years. Urodynamic examinations of each patient were taken before operation routinely in Department of Urology, Peking University People's Hospital...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Xavier Boronat-Garrido, Jan Kottner, Gabriela Schmitz, Nils Lahmann
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence and severity of incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) in incontinent nursing home residents by using the Incontinence-Associated Dermatitis Intervention Tool-D (IADIT-D) and to identify potential risk factors. METHODS: From 2012 to 2014, 3 consecutive annual cross-sectional multicenter studies in 5785 residents in 78 German nursing homes were conducted. Secondary data analysis was performed including all incontinent residents with complete data from the German version of the IADIT-D and validated instrument to assess IAD...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Hiroshi Shimura, Takahiko Mitsui, Tadashi Aoki, Manabu Kamiyama, Takashi Yamagishi, Masayuki Takeda
Inverted-Y ureteral duplication is one of the rarest anomalies of ureteral branching. We encountered a 20-year-old female patient with persistent incontinence even after nephrectomy for ectopic ureteral insertion into the vagina. She had inverted-Y ureteral duplication between the bladder and vagina, and urine was being transported from the bladder to the vagina. To the best of our knowledge, this is a rare case of inverted-Y ureteral duplication with ectopic ureteral insertion into the vagina as well as the ureter into the bladder, which became apparent due to persistent urinary incontinence even after nephrectomy...
November 2016: Urology Case Reports
A Burdzinska, B Dybowski, W Zarychta-Wisniewska, A Kulesza, R Zagozdzon, Z Gajewski, L Paczek
Cell therapy is emerging as an alternative treatment of stress urinary incontinence. However, many aspects of the procedure require further optimization. A large animal model is needed to reliably test cell delivery methods. In this study we aim to determine suitability of the goat as an experimental animal for testing intraurethral autologous cell transplantation in terms of urethral anatomy and cell culture parameters. The experiments were performed in 12 mature/aged female goats. Isolated caprine muscle derived cells (MDC) were myogenic in vitro and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) population was able to differentiate into adipo-, osteo- and chondrogenic lineages...
October 14, 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
Waleed Mohamad AlTaweel, Raouf Seyam, Ali A Alsulihem
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence is common, particularly in women. Urodynamic studies (UDS) can accurately assess the condition. Less invasive objective measuring tools correlate with urodynamic findings, but the Arabic version of the Urogenital Distress Inventory-6 (UDI-6) questionnaire has not been previously correlated with UDS in Arabian patients. OBJECTIVE: To correlate the Arabic version of the UDI-6 with urodynamic findings in Arabian women with urinary incontinence...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Ana L Lopes Mendes, Veerle Decalf, Marie A Denys, Andrea Tubaro, Karel Everaert
BACKGROUND: Bladder dysfunctions often express the presence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and are common in older people. Aim of this study is to analyse the Micturition, Incontinence and Residual in older people, evaluating the role of Nocturnal Polyuria. METHODS: 86 patients with at least 65 years old and invalidating LUTS were hospitalized for 24 hours. The Maximum Bladder Capacity, mean Micturition Volume, Post Voiding Residual and Incontinence Volume were recorded and analysed day-time and night-time...
October 5, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
Caroline Massot, Hichem Khenioui, Olivier Agnani, Marc-Alexandre Guyot, Patrick Hautecoeur, Cécile Donze
PURPOSE: To report the prevalence and risk factors of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and the prevalence of intrinsic sphincter deficiency in women with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study. Female patients with MS, followed for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) during a 15-year period were included. Demographic data, MS history, expanded disability status scale (EDSS) score at the urodynamic visit, obstetrical past, birth weight, LUTS, and urodynamic findings were collected...
September 2016: International Neurourology Journal
Maurizio Serati, Diaa Rizk, Stefano Savatore
Based on the available urogynecological literature, the role of hysterectomy in the surgical strategy of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair remains controversial. Currently, there are no data to favor either the removal or preservation of the uterus in women with POP. The findings that hysterectomy may contribute to a higher success rate and to the development of urinary incontinence and/or female sexual dysfunction are not supported by evidence. It is not clear why both hysteropexy was sometimes performed in the presence of overt uterine prolapse and/or concomitant vaginal hysterectomy was often included in vaginal prolapse repair in the absence of uterine prolapse...
October 4, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Pawel Miotla, Rufus Cartwright, Katarzyna Skorupska, Michal Bogusiewicz, Ewa Markut-Miotla, Konrad Futyma, Tomasz Rechberger
AIMS: Urgency urinary incontinence (UUI), and the symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB) have a negative impact on female sexual function. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of intravesical onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) injection on sexual function in women with OAB, using the multi domain Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire. METHODS: Sixty-eight sexually active women with idiopathic OAB with at least one episode of UUI and ≥8 micturitions per 24 h were recruited...
October 4, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Jesús Romero-Maroto, Lidia Verdú-Verdú, Luis Gómez-Pérez, Carla Pérez-Tomás, Juan-José Pacheco-Bru, Ana López-López
BACKGROUND: Female urethral stricture is a rare condition. Different types of urethroplasty have been described. However, high quality studies are sparse. The most common technique used-the Blandy's technique-has resulted in our cases in a retrusive meatus and an inward urinary stream. OBJECTIVE: To show the efficacy and safety of an alternative vaginal wall flap urethroplasty. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional observational study was undertaken in a single University Hospital...
September 27, 2016: European Urology
Kang Jun Cho, Kyu-Sung Lee, Myung-Soo Choo, Ju Tae Seo, Jang Hwan Kim, Jong Bo Choi, Seung-June Oh, Joon Chul Kim
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to investigate the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and phosphodiesterase (PDE) 5 in vaginal tissue of premenopausal women experiencing stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with and without sexual dysfunction. METHODS: Women presenting for treatment of SUI were screened using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and 10 were selected who met the criteria for female sexual dysfunction (FSD) and 10 asymptomatic controls...
September 29, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Casey L Kinman, Anubhav Agrawal, Nicolette E Deveneau, Kate V Meriwether, Nicole R Herring, Sean L Francis
OBJECTIVES: The prevalent use of minimally invasive midurethral slings for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence in the last several decades has resulted in fewer Burch procedures being performed and diminished surgical experience in performing the Burch colposuspension. However, recent antimesh media has resulted in more patients requesting nonmesh anti-incontinence procedures and a subsequent need for surgeons to refamiliarize themselves with the Burch procedure and its relevant anatomy...
September 26, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Suriyan Ponnusamy, Ryan D Sullivan, Thirumagal Thiyagarajan, Heather Tillmann, Robert H Getzenberg, Ramesh Narayanan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate two selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) (GTx-024 and GTx-027) in a post-menopausal animal model in order to determine their effect on pelvic floor muscles. Stress urinary incontinence (SUI), a prevalent condition, is represented by an involuntary leakage of urine that results, at least in part, from weakened or damaged pelvic floor muscles and is triggered by physical stress. Current treatment options are limited with no oral therapies available. The pelvic floor is rich in androgen receptor and molecules with anabolic activity including (SARMs) may serve as therapeutic options for individuals with SUI...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Jamie M Bartley, Kim A Killinger, Judith A Boura, Priyanka Gupta, Natalie Gaines, Jason P Gilleran, Kenneth M Peters
AIMS: To evaluate neuromodulation outcomes in patients with prior back surgery. METHODS: Adults in our prospective observational sacral/pudendal neuromodulation study were retrospectively evaluated. History and operative details were reviewed, and outcomes were measured at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months with overactive bladder questionnaire (OAB q) symptom severity (SS)/health related quality of life (HRQOL), interstitial cystitis symptom/problem indices (ICSI - PI), voiding diaries, and global response assessments (GRA)...
September 27, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Daniela Ulrich, Vesna Bjelic-Radisic, Katrin Grabner, Alexander Avian, Gerda Trutnovsky, Karl Tamussino, Thomas Aigmüller
AIMS: To evaluate subjective and objective outcome after repeat surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: Patients who underwent a midurethral tape after failed Burch colposuspension or failed midurethal tape between 1999 and 2014 were invited for follow-up. Urogynecological examination and urodynamics was performed, and objective cure was defined as a negative cough stress test; subjective cure was defined as negotiation of SUI symptoms. Quality-of-life (QoL), sexual health, and subjective success was assessed with the King's Health Questionnaire, Incontinence Outcome Questionnaire, Female Sexual Function Index, and the Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) score...
September 27, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
N Gabunia, Iv Rodionov, T Chigogidze
Congenital renal malformations are the most common congenital malformations in humans, the most common being horseshoe kidney with joined lower poles present in up to 0.25% of general population. To the contrary renal fusions with ectopia are amongst the rare malformations affecting 1 in 2000 examined cadavers. Males are affected slightly more often then females (3:2), left to right crosses being more frequent. The value of early diagnosis of asymptomatic renal malformation is uncertain, except when other abnormalities might point to them and they can affect the clinical management strategy (severe ear deformity with facial malformation, gynecological abnormalities)...
July 2016: Georgian Medical News
Sameh Roshdy, Ahmed Senbel, Ashraf Khater, Omar Farouk, Adel Fathi, EmadEldeen Hamed, Adel Denewer
The surgical treatment of bladder cancer is the curative treatment especially in early cases. In this study, our aim was to assess the outcome of preservation of internal genital organs in selected females both oncologically and functionally, and to assess the feasibility of technique and its complication. 24 females with clinically and radiologically diagnosed T2 bladder cancer underwent gynecologic-tract sparing cystectomy (GTSC). Age ranged from 45 to 60 years. Patients with diffuse carcinoma-in-situ, those with tumors involving the bladder neck, those with poor general condition and those with preoperative incontinence were excluded...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Lin Wang, Guiting Lin, Yung-Chin Lee, Amanda B Reed-Maldonado, Melissa T Sanford, Guifang Wang, Huixi Li, Lia Banie, Zhengcheng Xin, Tom F Lue
OBJECTIVE: To study and compare the function and structure of the urethral sphincter in female Zucker lean (ZL) and Zucker fatty (ZF) rats and to assess the viability of ZF fats as a model for female obesity-associated stress urinary incontinence (SUI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two study arms were created: a ZL arm including 16-week-old female ZL rats (ZUC-Lepr(fa) 186; n = 12) and a ZF arm including 16-week-old female ZF rats (ZUC-Lepr(fa) 185; n = 12). I.p. insulin tolerance testing was carried out before functional study...
October 5, 2016: BJU International
Sher Singh Yadav, Neeraj Agarwal, Sanjay Kumar, Vinay Tomar, Nachiket Vyas, Ramdayal Teli, Mohit Kumar Badgurjar, Manoj Kumar Bamaniya
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of infrasymphyseal bladder neck plication and suspension from the pubic bone along with urethrogenitoplasty as a single-stage procedure for treating isolated cases of female epispadias. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six patients with female epispadias having grade 3 urinary incontinence were treated through bladder neck plication and suspension from the pubic bone along with urethrogenitoplasty from December 2013 to March 2016. RESULTS: Of the 6 patients with a mean age of 5...
September 14, 2016: Urology
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