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Female urinary incontinence

Lewis Chan, Vincent Tse
PURPOSE: The mid-urethral synthetic sling (MUS) procedure has become the standard of care for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. However, a small number of patients will have complications following MUS including failure, obstructive voiding, sling erosion, or chronic pain. This paper discusses the role of 2D and 3D ultrasound imaging in the evaluation of the female patient with complications following placement of a synthetic mid-urethral sling. RESULTS: The MUS is easily visualized as an echogenic structure on ultrasound and can be imaged by transperineal, transvaginal and introital approaches...
March 12, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Sissel Hegdahl Oversand, Anne C Staff, Ellen Borstad, Rune Svenningsen
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Classical native-tissue techniques for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repairs, such as the Manchester procedure (MP), have been revitalized because of vaginal mesh complications. However, there are conflicting opinions regarding sufficient apical (mid-compartment) support by the MP and concerns about the risk of dyspareunia. The aims of this study were therefore to investigate anatomical and patient-reported outcomes 1 year after MP. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of 153 females undergoing an MP for anterior compartment POP between October 2014 and June 2016...
March 12, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Avner Leshem, Asnat Groutz, Hadar Amir, David Gordon, Mordechai Shimonov
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect over time of bariatric surgery on female pelvic floor symptoms. METHODS: In total, 160 consecutive adult women were requested to complete four anonymous questionnaires [International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire (ICIQ), Bristol Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (BFLUTS), Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20) and Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12)] before bariatric surgery and at 3-6 months and 12-24 months postoperatively...
March 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
M Bogdanska, A Morris, J M Hutson, Y Heloury, S R Grover
BACKGROUND: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is an autosomal recessive condition resulting in excess androgen production. Females are typically born with ambiguous genitalia and often undergo feminising genitoplasty in infancy or childhood. Recently, there has been considerable international debate as to whether distressing urinary symptoms in CAH patients are truly present and, if so, whether these urinary problems are a consequence of the feminising genitoplasty. OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess any urinary symptoms in an Australian cohort of adolescent and adult women with CAH who have undergone feminising genitoplasty in infancy, childhood or adolescence as a part of their management...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Özge Öz, Birsen Altay
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine associations among sociodemographic characteristics, urinary incontinence (UI) characteristics, UI-specific quality of life and self-esteem, and use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) interventions for UI. DESIGN: Correlational-descriptive research. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: This sample comprised 394 female patients 18 years or older cared for in the urology and gynecology outpatient clinics of a university hospital in Samsun, Turkey...
March 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Eun Kyoung Choi, Sang Woon Kim, Yoonhye Ji, Seoung-Wha Lim, Sang Won Han
AIMS: As the life expectancy of persons with spina bifida increases, sexual life in adulthood presents a considerable challenge for this population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sexual function of young women with spina bifida and its impact on their quality of life (QOL). METHODS: To assess sexual function and QOL by using self-administered questionnaires (Female Sexual Function Index [FSFI] and 36-Item Short Form Health Survey) in young women with spina bifida, we collected data from 44 young women with spina bifida between June 2013 and October 2013 at the spina bifida clinic of our hospital...
March 9, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Josephine M E Gibson, Lois H Thomas, J J Harrison, Caroline Leigh Watkins
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the views and experiences of stroke survivors and carers about a systematic voiding programme for post-stroke incontinence. BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence after stroke is common and associated with poorer functional outcome. Structured assessment and management are potentially effective interventions but it is important that there is a good understanding of stroke survivors' and carers' views of their acceptability and implementation...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Jong Wook Kim, Hyun Ju Kim, Young Joo Park, Sung G Kang, Jae Y Park, Jae Hyun Bae, Seok Ho Kang, Hong Seok Park, Du Geon Moon, Jun Cheon, Jeong Gu Lee, Je Jong Kim, Mi Mi Oh
AIMS: Although generally well tolerated, a urodynamic study is an unpleasant and stressful procedure for some patients. This study evaluated the effects of a heating pad on anxiety, pain, and distress during urodynamic studies in female patients with stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: A total of 74 female patients with stress urinary incontinence who underwent a urodynamic study between May 2015 and October 2015 were randomized to either the experimental group using a heating pad (n = 37) or control group (n = 37)...
March 8, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Alex Tsui, Diana Kuh, Linda Cardozo, Daniel Davis
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) at age 68 years and the contribution of vascular risk factors to male and female UUI pathogenesis in addition to the associations with raised body mass index (BMI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In all, 1 762 participants from the Medical Research Council (MRC) National Survey for Health and Development birth cohort who answered the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire short form (ICIQ-SF), at age 68 years, were included...
March 7, 2018: BJU International
Handan Zincir, Gokce Demir, Yurdagül Günaydin, Betül Ozen
PURPOSE: This study was conducted in descriptive and cross-sectional design in order to determine prevalence of urinary incontinence severity in women with urinary incontinence (UI), correlation between UI and sexual dysfunctionMaterials and Methods: The study had descriptive and cross-sectional design. In sample selection, four Family Health Centers areas were determined by lot and totally 384 women with UI were reached by making home visits in these regions. As data collection tool, severity index in female urinary incontinence determining UI condition and Female Sexual Function index determining sexual functioning were used...
March 7, 2018: Urology Journal
Brittani Jones, Allyson C Berent, Chick W Weisse, Robert Hart, Leilani Alvarez, Anthony Fischetti, B David Horn, Douglas Canning
CASE DESCRIPTION A 14-week-old 7.7-kg (16.9-lb) sexually intact female Golden Retriever was evaluated because of urine dripping from the caudoventral aspect of the abdomen. CLINICAL FINDINGS Ultrasonography, radiography, excretory CT urography, and vaginocystourethroscopy were performed. Results indicated eversion of the bladder through the ventral abdominal wall with exposure of the ureterovesicular junctions, pubic diastasis, and an open vulva and clitoral fossa. Clinical findings were suggestive of bladder exstrophy, a rare congenital anomaly...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Ranjana Jairam, Jamie Drossaerts, Desiree Vrijens, Carsten Leue, Philip van Kerrebroeck, Gommert van Koeveringe
AIMS: Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is an effective treatment for patients with overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) or non-obstructive urinary retention (NOR). These lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are the result of a functional urological cause but often coincide with psychological and/or psychiatric factors. It has been stated that there is an association between LUTS, depression and anxiety disorders. With this study we will investigate whether affective symptoms and quality of life (QoL) improve after successful SNM...
March 5, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Ali Emre Tahaoglu, Mehmet Sait Bakir, Nurullah Peker, İhsan Bagli, Ahter Tanay Tayyar
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: This study examined the early outcomes of laparoscopic (LS) pectopexy and evaluated its effects on female sexual function and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: Twenty-two patients with apical prolapse who underwent LS pectopexy were included. Outcomes of the procedure were noted; the Female Sexual Function (FSFI) and Prolapse Quality of Life (P-QOL) questionnaires were completed preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively. RESULTS: There was no evidence of recurrent prolapse or constipation; the percentages of exacerbation of cystocele, rectocele, de novo stress urinary incontinence (SUI), and de novo urgency (UUI) were 4...
March 2, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
A Le Fouler, A Hamy, J Barbieux, V Souday, P Bigot, P Le Naoures, R Jaouen, C Brochard, Aurélien Venara
PURPOSE: For survivors of perineal gangrene (PG), quality of life and functional prognosis of pelvic functions are probably overestimated. The aim of this study was to report long-term anal and urinary sphincter dysfunctions, sexual sequelae, and patients' quality of life after treatment of perineal gangrene. METHODS: This retrospective observational study was conducted in one university hospital over 16 years. Seventy-three patients experienced PG; 22 were subject to long-term follow-up...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Patrick J Culligan, Sean Haughey, Christa Lewis, Jennifer Priestley, Charbel Salamon
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the preoperative and postoperative sexual satisfaction reported by male sexual partners of women undergoing surgical correction of pelvic organ prolapse. METHODS: This was a single-center prospective cohort study. Heterosexual, sexually active English-speaking couples in which the women were planning to undergo robotic-assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy for correction of pelvic organ prolapse were eligible for enrollment in the study...
March 1, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Ingunn Ludviksdottir, Hildur Hardardottir, Thorgerdur Sigurdardottir, Gudmundur F Ulfarsson
INTRODUCTION: Exercise can stress the pelvic floor muscles. Numerous women experience urinary incontinence while exercising or competing in sports. This study investigated pelvic floor muscle strength, urinary incontinence, and knowledge in contracting pelvic floor muscles among female athletes and untrained women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective case-control study measuring pelvic floor muscle strength using vaginal pressure meas-urement. Participants answered questions regarding general health, urinary incontinence, and knowledge on pelvic floor muscles...
2018: Læknablađiđ
Anna Burdzinska, Bartosz Dybowski, Weronika Zarychta-Wiśniewska, Agnieszka Kulesza, Jakub Hawryluk, Agnieszka Graczyk-Jarzynka, Patryk Kaupa, Zdzislaw Gajewski, Leszek Paczek
AIMS: The efficacy of cell therapy in patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is lower than expected. The aim of this study was to determine the injection accuracy rate both with transurethral and periurethral route. METHODS: Autologous intraurethral cell transplantation was performed in female goats. The cells were injected either periurethrally (PERI group, two depots/animal, n = 8) or transurethrally (TRANS group, eight depots/animal, n = 11)...
February 27, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Ameeta L Nayak, Ilias Cagiannos, Luke T Lavallée, Chris Morash, Duane Hickling, Ranjeeta Mallick, Rodney H Breau
INTRODUCTION: An orthotopic neobladder urinary diversion aims to minimize the physical and psychological effects of radical cystectomy through avoidance of a stoma and maintenance of urethral voiding. Neobladder function reported in the literature ranges widely due to differences in patient selection and method of assessment. The objective of the study was to characterize functional outcomes of consecutive patients treated at a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: A historical cohort of patients who underwent radical cystectomy with a neobladder diversion performed at The Ottawa Hospital between January 2006 and December 2014 were reviewed...
February 23, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Geping Yin, Zheng Yuan, Juan Li, Jing Liang, Aifang Wu, Na Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the short- and medium-term effect of vaginal antetheca submucosal-retropubic space with mesh repair through the implantation of organic patch (shortly as new-style vaginal mesh repair) in the treatment of patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: This was a clinical prospective single arm study in a tertiary grade hospital (General Hospital of Jinan Military Region, Jinan, China). From January 2009 to December 2014, 316 female patients were enrolled...
February 24, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Siobhan M Hartigan, Ariana L Smith
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pelvic floor disorders include urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, fecal incontinence, and other sensory and emptying abnormalities of the lower urinary and gastrointestinal tracts which are widely prevalent among women and largely undertreated. Many disparities exist among women with pelvic floor disorders which may affect prevalence estimates and treatment options offered. RECENT FINDINGS: Findings suggest that there are many disparities among women with pelvic floor disorders including age, race, inadequate knowledge, access to care, and socioeconomic status...
February 23, 2018: Current Urology Reports
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