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Female urinary incontinence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337213/military-surgeon-volume-and-stress-incontinence-surgery-complications-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
David L Howard, Andrea McGlynn, Joy A Greer
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare 12-month post-operative complication rates in women who underwent sling procedures by high-volume versus low-volume surgeons at US military treatment facilities (MTFs). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2) SETTING: US military treatment facilities PATIENTS: Female military beneficiaries enrolled in TRICARE INTERVENTIONS: Sling surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2012...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332254/comparison-of-adjustable-continence-therapy-periurethral-balloons-and-artificial-urinary-sphincter-in-female-patients-with-stress-urinary-incontinence-due-to-intrinsic-sphincter-deficiency
#2
Lucas Freton, Lauranne Tondut, Isabelle Enderle, Juliette Hascoet, Andrea Manunta, Benoit Peyronnet
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to compare the outcomes of the ACT® device with those of the artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) AMS 800 in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) due to sphincter deficiency in women. METHODS: All the women who underwent surgical treatment for SUI due to intrinsic sphincter deficiency from 2007 to 2017 were included in a single-center retrospective study. The primary endpoint was the functional outcome...
January 13, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322214/protective-role-of-nrf2-against-mechanical-stretch-induced-apoptosis-in-mouse-fibroblasts-a-potential-therapeutic-target-of-mechanical-trauma-induced-stress-urinary-incontinence
#3
Qiannan Li, Bingshu Li, Cheng Liu, Linlin Wang, Jianming Tang, Li Hong
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We investigated the protective effect and underlying molecular mechanism of nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) against mechanical-stretch-induced apoptosis in mouse fibroblasts. METHODS: Normal cells, Nrf2 silencing cells, and Nrf2 overexpressing cells were respectively divided into two groups-nonintervention and cyclic mechanical strain (CMS)-subjected to CMS of 5333 μ (1.0 Hz for 4 h), six groups in total (control, CMS, shNfe212, shNfe212 + CMS, LV-shNfe212, and LV-shNfe212 + CMS)...
January 10, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320316/translabial-us-and-dynamic-mr-imaging-of-the-pelvic-floor-normal-anatomy-and-dysfunction
#4
Luciana P Chamié, Duarte Miguel Ferreira Rodrigues Ribeiro, Angela H M Caiado, Gisele Warmbrand, Paulo C Serafini
Pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) is a common condition that typically affects women older than 50 years and decreases the quality of life. Weakening of support structures can involve all three pelvic compartments and cause a combination of symptoms, including constipation, urinary and fecal incontinence, obstructed defecation, pelvic pain, perineal bulging, and sexual dysfunction. The causes of PFD are complex and multifactorial; however, vaginal delivery is considered a major predisposing factor. Physical examination alone is limited in the evaluation of PFD; it frequently leads to an underestimation of the involved compartments...
January 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320304/complications-of-sling-surgery-for-stress-urinary-incontinence-among-female-military-beneficiaries
#5
David L Howard, Andrea McGlynn, Joy A Greer
BACKGROUND: Prior studies of complications after sling surgery excluded the large number of women in military treatment facilities (MTFs). OBJECTIVE: To characterize the postoperative complication rates after sling surgery for Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) within MTFs in the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of women aged 18 and older, with SUI, and who underwent either an outpatient or inpatient mid-urethral sling placement for SUI in any MTF in the United States between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2012...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319744/urinary-incontinence-in-hospital-patients-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#6
Jaqueline Betteloni Junqueira, Vera Lúcia Conceição de Gouveia Santos
OBJECTIVES: to analyze the prevalence of urinary incontinence and its associated factors in hospital patients. METHOD: this is a cross-sectional epidemiological study whose data were collected using the instruments Sociodemographic and Clinical Data, Characteristics of Urinary Leakage and International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form. Prevalence was surveyed on a single day for four consecutive months. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, Student t-test, Mann-Whitney test and logistic regression (forward stepwise)...
January 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315797/high-luteinizing-hormone-weakens-urinary-continence-mechanisms-in-association-with-prostaglandin-e2-elevation-in-a-postmenopausal-rat-model
#7
Tomohiro Eriguchi, Naoki Kawamorita, Natsuho Hayashi, Yohei Satake, Hideaki Izumi, Yasuhiro Kaiho, Yoichi Arai
AIMS: To explore the role of luteinizing hormone (LH) in the urinary continence mechanism, urethral function was investigated using a postmenopausal rat model with high serum LH concentrations and the postmenopausal rat model given a gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist to lower LH concentrations. METHODS: Adult female rats were divided into: 1) sham group; 2) ovariectomy group (OVX) with removal of bilateral ovaries; 3) OVX and GnRH-antagonist administered group (OVX + G); and 4) sham and GnRH-antagonist administered group (Sham + G)...
January 9, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305942/a-delayed-appearance-of-the-secondary-bladder-stone-10-years-after-tension-free-vaginal-tape-procedure
#8
Hao-Wei Chen, Yu-Chen Chen, Yii-Her Chou
Bladder calculi occur in female is uncommon and the evaluation of bladder stone in women with any history of previous pelvic surgery demands careful attention. Bladder erosion due to previous anti-incontinence surgery formed the nidus for stone formation, and often presented as recurrent cystitis or refractory urinary incontinence since the early postoperative period. We hereby reported a rarely delayed appearance of the symptomatic iatrogenic bladder stone occurred 10 years after previous tension-free vaginal tape procedure...
January 3, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305940/complications-and-outcomes-of-pregnancy-and-cesarean-delivery-in-women-with-neuropathic-bladder-and-lower-urinary-tract-reconstruction
#9
Joshua D Roth, Jessica T Casey, Benjamin M Whittam, Konrad M Szymanski, Martin Kaefer, Richard C Rink, Frank P Schubert, Mark P Cain, Rosalia Misseri
Objective To determine the outcomes of pregnancy and cesarean delivery (CD) delivery in women with neuropathic bladder (NB) and pediatric lower urinary tract reconstruction (LUTR) as these women often have normal fertility and may become pregnant. Methods We reviewed consecutive patients from July 2001 to June 2016 with NB due to spinal dysphraphism who underwent LUTR, became pregnant, and had a CD at our institution. We collected data on demographics, hydronephrosis, symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI), continence and catheterization during pregnancy...
January 3, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302544/morbidity-pattern-and-its-sociodemographic-determinants-among-elderly-population-of-raichur-district-karnataka-india
#10
Leyanna Susan George, Sanjay Deshpande, M K Krishna Kumar, Ramesh S Patil
Context: India is an "aging nation" with 7.7% of its population being above 60 years of age. It has resulted in a rise of both physical and mental health morbidities. Aims: This study aimed to gather information regarding the morbidity pattern and its sociodemographic determinants among the elderly residing in the rural villages of Raichur, to understand the need for geriatric health-care facilities. Settings and Design: This community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in six rural villages of Raichur District, of which 230 elderly were selected randomly...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302151/cryptococcal-meningitis-masquerading-as-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus-in-an-immune-competent-adult
#11
Hitesh Raheja, Ankur Sinha, Pavan Kumar Irukulla, Yizhak Kupfer
We report a case of acute cryptococcal meningitis (CM) masquerading as normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) in an immune-competent female. An 85-year-old human immunodeficiency virus-negative female presented to the emergency room for altered mental status and difficulty walking. She was increasingly lethargic, with urinary incontinence and gait instability. A previous computed tomography was reported to have ventricular dilatation out of proportion to the degree of cortical atrophy. Magnetic resonance scan of the brain revealed ventricular dilatation and subtle debris layering the occipital horns of the lateral ventricles...
October 2017: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300292/comparison-of-3-different-teaching-methods-for-a-behavioral-therapy-program-for-female-overactive-bladder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Elif Gezginci, Emine Iyigun, Sercan Yilmaz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of 3 instructional methods for behavioral therapy on lower urinary tract symptom (LUTS) severity and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in women with overactive bladder. DESIGN: Single-center, parallel-group, randomized, clinical trial. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: The sample comprised 60 women diagnosed with overactive bladder. The study setting was a university-based female urology clinic in Ankara, Turkey; data were collected from November 2012 to May 2013...
January 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299664/trends-in-urinary-diversion-after-radical-cystectomy-for-urothelial-carcinoma
#13
Kinan Bachour, Izak Faiena, Amirali Salmasi, Andrew T Lenis, David C Johnson, Aydin Pooli, Alexandra Drakaki, Allan J Pantuck, Karim Chamie
PURPOSE: To assess how trends in urinary diversion (UD) type following radical cystectomy (RC) have changed in recent years and investigate pre-operative predictors of UD type. METHODS: Data were abstracted from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) from 2011 to 2015. We quantified the percentages of continent diversions (CD) versus incontinent diversions (ID) completed over this time frame. Using univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses, we compared UD type across year of operation as well as predictors of type of diversion...
January 3, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299661/three-and-twelve-month-follow-up-outcomes-of-tvt-exact-and-tvt-abbrevo-for-treatment-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
ShiJian Feng, DeYi Luo, QinYu Liu, TongXin Yang, Caigan Du, Hong Li, KunJie Wang, Hong Shen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy, safety, postoperative complications and discomforts between TVT-EXACT (TVT-E) and TVT-ABBREVO (TVT-A) for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: Recruited patients were randomized into either TVT-E or TVT-A group using SPSS software. Follow-up measures were performed at day 1 before surgery and both 3 and 12 months after the surgery. The measurement outcomes were the scores of involved six questionnaires on quality of life, symptom severity and patient satisfaction...
January 3, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298364/comprehension-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-and-urinary-incontinence-in-southern-appalachian-women
#15
Danielle Hobdy, R Keith Huffaker, Beth Bailey
OBJECTIVES: Despite their growing prevalence, pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) remain undertreated and not well understood by patients, with treatment disparities noted in specific subgroups of women. The goal of the present study was to determine the basic understanding of PFDs of women in the southern Appalachian region of the United States, to determine factors that predict knowledge, and to explore the possible disparities in seeking access to care among women in this region who reported symptoms...
January 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295577/attitudes-of-veterinary-teaching-staff-and-exposure-of-veterinary-students-to-early-age-desexing-with-review-of-current-early-age-desexing-literature
#16
Alannah Jupe, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Sophie Fleming
Approximately 50% of cats admitted to Australian shelters are kittens, and 26% of dogs are puppies, and, particularly for cats, euthanasia rates are often high. Cats can be pregnant by 4 months of age, yet the traditional desexing age is 5-6 months, and studies in Australasia and Nth America reveal that only a minority of veterinarians routinely perform early age desexing (EAD) of cats or dogs, suggesting they are not graduating with these skills. This study aimed to describe the attitudes of veterinary teaching staff in Australian and New Zealand universities towards EAD, and to determine if these changed from 2008 to 2015...
December 25, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289535/female-sexual-function-following-surgical-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Maria Cláudia Bicudo-Fürst, Pedro Henrique Borba Leite, Felipe Placco Araújo Glina, Willy Baccaglini, Rafael Vilhena de Carvalho Fürst, Carlos Alberto Bezerra, Sidney Glina
INTRODUCTION: The impact of surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) on female sexual function has received attention in the medical literature, but not in a structured manner. AIM: To assess the most recent evidence on the impact of surgical management for female SUI on female sexual function. METHODS: The review and meta-analysis of available articles published in Medline, Cochrane, LILACS, SCOPUS, Web of Science, CINHAL, and EMBASE included prospective randomized and non-randomized studies that assessed patients who underwent surgical treatment for UI through 2 validated questionnaires: the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12) and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI)...
December 27, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285596/differential-diagnostics-of-female-sexual-fluids-a-narrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Zlatko Pastor, Roman Chmel
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Women expel various kinds of fluids during sexual activities. These are manifestations of sexual arousal and orgasm or coital incontinence. This study is aimed at suggesting a diagnostic scheme to differentiate among these phenomena. METHODS: Web of Science and Ovid (MEDLINE) databases were systematically searched from 1950 to 2017 for articles on various fluid expulsion phenomena in women during sexual activities, which contain relevant information on sources and composition of the expelled fluids...
December 28, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249687/male-incontinence-the-etiology-or-basis-of-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Austin G Hester, Alexander Kretschmer, Gopal Badlani
CONTEXT: Elderly men are an increasing proportion of the aging population in the 21st century. Urinary incontinence reduces the quality of life and increases the burden of care for the aging population. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this review is to explore the etiopathology of common causes of incontinence in aging male patients. The focus is on the algorithm of the initial evaluation of these patients from both a primary care and a urologic standpoint. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A nonsystematic review of the literature was performed in September 2017...
December 14, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241925/a-community-based-epidemiological-survey-of-overactive-bladder-and-voiding-dysfunction-in-female-taiwanese-residents-aged-40-years-and-above
#20
Soo-Cheen Ng, Suh-Woan Hu, Gin-Den Chen
OBJECTIVE: This is part of a three-year study designed to evaluate the natural history of lower urinary tract symptoms in local community residents aged 40 years and above in central Taiwan. We evaluated the prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) and voiding dysfunction (VD) in female residents using validated questionnaires. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A structured questionnaire containing groups of different questionnaires was translated into Chinese and each one was validated separately...
December 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
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