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Female urinary incontinence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816280/-analysis-of-outcomes-of-tension-free-mid-urethral-sling-procedure-in-women-with-mixed-urinary-incontinence
#1
W Y Zhang, X P Zhang, H Hu, J W Chen, X H Liu, K X Xu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the medium and long term outcomes of tension-free mid-urethral sling in the treatment of female patients with mixed urinary incontinence (MUI). METHODS: Twenty-six patients who underwent the tension-free mid-urethral sling procedure for MUI from April, 2010 to September, 2016, were followed up. Four of the 26 patients underwent retropubic tension free mid-urethral sling (TVT), and 22 of them underwent transurethral middle obturator sling (TOT)...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812109/vibratory-perineal-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-systematic-review
#2
Marina Petter Rodrigues, Luciana Laureano Paiva, José Geraldo Lopes Ramos, Lia Ferla
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The pelvic floor muscles (PFM) play an important part in the urinary continence mechanism. Changes in their structure and functionality may lead to a predisposition to pelvic floor dysfunction such as urinary incontinence (UI), which is the involuntary loss of urine. Some techniques for conservative treatment of UI are already well documented. However, new approaches have been found that require scientific proof of their effectiveness, such as vibratory stimulation (VS)...
August 15, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807625/role-of-urodynamics-in-management-of-urethral-diverticulum-in-females
#3
Kuan-Jung Lin, Yu-Hua Fan, Alex Tong-Long Lin
BACKGROUND: Few studies have focused on the urodynamic findings of urethral diverticula (UD). We characterized the symptoms and urodynamic findings in women with UD. METHODS: A retrospective review of all women in a single center having surgical treatment for symptomatic UD between May 2004 and September 2014 was done. Lower urinary tract symptoms were evaluated with International Prostate Symptom Score and Overactive Bladder Symptom Score questionnaires. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging and videourodynamic study (VUDS) prior to surgery, and postoperative evaluation with VUDS...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805303/controlled-release-of-igf1-enhances-urethral-sphincter-function-and-histological-structure-in-the-treatment-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-a-rodent-model
#4
Hao Yan, Liren Zhong, Yaodong Jiang, Jian Yang, Junhong Deng, Shicheng Wei, Emmanuel Opara, Anthony Atala, Xiangming Mao, Margot Damaser, Yuanyuan Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) diminishes the quality of life of millions, particularly women who have delivered vaginally, which can injure the urethral sphincter. Despite several well-established treatments for SUI, growth factor therapy might provide an alternative to promote urethral sphincter repair. The goal of this study was to determine the effects of controlled release of IGF1 from alginate-poly-L-ornithine-gelatin microbeads (IGF1-A-PLO-G microbeads) on sphincter tissue regeneration in a rat model of SUI...
August 14, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803377/temporary-successful-results-of-ventral-rectopexy-for-enterocele-surgical-correction-about-138-patients
#5
Diane Mege, Arnaud Sans, Aurélie Maignan, Julie Duclos, Cécilia Frasconi, Remy Le Huu Nho, Nicolas Pirro, Igor Sielezneff
PURPOSE: This work aimed to analyse short- and long-term results of enterocele surgical treatment by ventral rectopexy. METHODS: All females who underwent ventral rectopexy for enterocele in our department were included. All patients underwent standardized preoperative evaluation. Data was retrospectively collected, after examination of patients or by telephone survey. Postoperative evaluation was performed by an independent observer. RESULTS: One hundred thirty-eight females (median age = 63 years [21-86 years]) were included...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801396/the-sims-trial-adjustable-anchored-single-incision-mini-slings-versus-standard-tension-free-midurethral-slings-in-the-surgical-management-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-multicentre-non-inferiority-randomised-controlled
#6
Mohamed Abdel-Fattah, Graeme MacLennan, Mary Kilonzo, R Phil Assassa, Kirsty McCormick, Tracey Davidson, Alison McDonald, James N'Dow, Judith Wardle, John Norrie
INTRODUCTION: Single-incision mini-slings (SIMS) represent the third generation of midurethral slings. They have been developed with the aim of offering a true ambulatory procedure for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with reduced morbidity and earlier recovery while maintaining similar efficacy to standard midurethral slings (SMUS). The aim of this study is to determine the clinical and cost-effectiveness of adjustable anchored SIMS compared with tension-free SMUS in the surgical management of female SUI, with 3-year follow-up...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798831/an-in-house-composix%C3%A2-based-pubovaginal-sling-trial-for-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-five-year-comparative-followup-to-tension-free-and-transobturator-vaginal-tapes
#7
Tal Ben-Zvi, Katherine Moore, Nadim Haidar, Mireille Gregoire
INTRODUCTION: We compared the efficacy of three slings in the long-term treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI): tension-free vaginal tape (TVT), vaginal tape-obturator (TVT-O), and an in-house two-layered polypropylene mesh with a submicronic polytetrafluoroethylene (Composix™). Our primary endpoint was the objective measurement of continence (24-hour pad test). Secondarily, we measured the satisfaction and complication rates. METHODS: This prospective, non-randomized study included 128 patients with SUI...
August 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794589/is-urodynamic-study-is-a-necessity-for-evaluation-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-postmenopausal-female-patients-result-of-a-prospective-observational-study
#8
Sunirmal Choudhury, Susanta Kumar Das, Debarshi Jana, Dilip Kumar Pal
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the causes of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in postmenopausal female patients (PMFP) and correlate their symptoms with their urodynamic study (UDS) findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study analyzing the clinical and UDS findings of PMFP presenting with LUTS. A detailed history including history of diabetes, neurological disease, drug history, and pelvic surgeries was taken, followed by physical examination and urodynamic assessment...
July 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792796/clinical-response-and-side-effects-associated-with-testosterone-cypionate-for-urinary-incontinence-in-male-dogs
#9
Jean-Sébastien Palerme, Allison Mazepa, Rae G Hutchins, Vincent Ziglioli, Shelly L Vaden
Urethral sphincter mechanism incompetence (USMI) is reported much more seldom in male dogs than in female dogs. The few existing reports evaluating the efficacy of medical therapy in controlling USMI in males have demonstrated limited success. In this case series, we report the effect of testosterone cypionate, given at a median dose of 1.5 mg/kg intramuscularly every 4 wk, in eight male dogs with USMI. Response was evaluated through the review of medical records and telephone interviews with the clients. Based on owners' assessments, a good to excellent response was reported in three of eight dogs (38%), a slight response was reported in one of eight dogs (12%), and a poor response was reported in four of eight dogs (50%)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791447/effect-of-pulsed-magnetic-stimulation-on-quality-of-life-of-female-patients-with-stress-urinary-incontinence-an-ideal-d-stage-2b-study
#10
Renly Lim, Men Long Liong, Wing Seng Leong, Nurzalina Abdul Karim Khan, Kah Hay Yuen
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We evaluated the effects of pulsed magnetic stimulation (PMS) on overall and different aspects of quality of life (QoL) in female patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: This study involved 120 female SUI subjects aged ≥21 years old randomized to either active or sham PMS. Treatment involved two PMS sessions per week for 2 months (16 sessions). After 2 months, subjects could opt for 16 additional sessions regardless of initial randomization...
August 8, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774749/sexual-and-reproductive-health-behaviors-and-experiences-reported-by-young-women-with-cystic-fibrosis
#11
Traci M Kazmerski, Gregory S Sawicki, Elizabeth Miller, Kelley A Jones, Kaleab Z Abebe, Lisa K Tuchman, Sigrid Ladores, Ronald C Rubenstein, Scott D Sagel, Daniel J Weiner, Joseph M Pilewski, David M Orenstein, Sonya Borrero
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of general and disease-specific sexual and reproductive health (SRH) concerns is unknown in the United States (U.S.) female CF population. This study aimed to describe and compare the SRH experiences and behaviors of young women with CF with the general U.S. POPULATION: HASH(0x319b218) METHODS: Young women with CF ages 15-24years from five geographically diverse U.S. CF centers participated in a survey investigating SRH...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768663/effects-of-multiple-simulated-birth-traumas-on-urethral-continence-function-in-rats
#12
Satoru Yoshikawa, Yasuhiro Sumino, Joonbeom Kwon, Takahisa Suzuki, Takeya Kitta, Minoru Miyazato, Naoki Yoshimura
Multiple vaginal parities have been reported to be an important risk factor for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Simulated birth trauma with single vaginal distention (VD) has been used to induce the SUI condition in animals; however, the effect of multiple simulated birth traumas on the urethral continence function has not been well characterized. Therefore, we examined the effects of multiple VDs on urethral functions in vivo and the changes in gene expressions of several molecules in the urethra using female SD rats, which were divided into 3 groups; sham, VD-1 (single VD), and VD-3 groups (3 times of VDs every 2 weeks)...
August 2, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767715/lafora-disease-in-miniature-wirehaired-dachshunds
#13
Lindsay Swain, Gill Key, Anna Tauro, Saija Ahonen, Peixiang Wang, Cameron Ackerley, Berge A Minassian, Clare Rusbridge
Lafora disease (LD) is an autosomal recessive late onset, progressive myoclonic epilepsy with a high prevalence in the miniature Wirehaired Dachshund. The disease is due to a mutation in the Epm2b gene which results in intracellular accumulation of abnormal glycogen (Lafora bodies). Recent breed-wide testing suggests that the carrier plus affected rate may be as high as 20%. A characteristic feature of the disease is spontaneous and reflex myoclonus; however clinical signs and disease progression are not well described...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767163/predictors-of-sexual-function-in-women-with-stress-urinary-incontinence
#14
Magdalena E Grzybowska, Dariusz Wydra
AIMS: To assess female sexual function (SF) in different grades of urodynamic stress urinary incontinence (SUI), with/without pelvic organ prolapse (POP); to investigate associations between clinical data and pelvic organ prolapse/urinary incontinence sexual questionnaire (PISQ) scores. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in sexually active women (130 with SUI and 126 controls). Stamey score and POP quantification (POP-Q) were used. Urogynecological examinations were performed; all participants completed PISQ...
August 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763397/application-of-the-21-item-vulvovaginal-symptoms-questionnaire-in-postmenopausal-spanish-women
#15
Ana M Fernández-Alonso, Javier Alcaide-Torres, Isabel M Fernández-Alonso, Peter Chedraui, Faustino R Pérez-López
OBJECTIVE: To assess vulvovaginal symptoms and urinary incontinence in postmenopausal women. Secondarily to evaluate factors related to the severity of vulvovaginal symptoms and the internal consistency of the used tools. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the Spanish language version of the 21-item Vulvovaginal Symptoms Questionnaire (VSQ) and the 3-item International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire (ICIQ-SF) were applied to 122 postmenopausal Spanish women aged 45 to 75 years...
July 31, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763276/outcome-of-laparoscopic-ovariectomy-and-laparoscopic-assisted-ovariohysterectomy-in-dogs-278-cases-2003-2013
#16
Kayla M Corriveau, Michelle A Giuffrida, Philipp D Mayhew, Jeffrey J Runge
OBJECTIVE To compare outcomes for laparoscopic ovariectomy (LapOVE) and laparoscopic-assisted ovariohysterectomy (LapOVH) in dogs. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 278 female dogs. PROCEDURES Medical records of female dogs that underwent laparoscopic sterilization between 2003 and 2013 were reviewed. History, signalment, results of physical examination, results of preoperative diagnostic testing, details of the surgical procedure, durations of anesthesia and surgery, intraoperative and immediate postoperative (ie, during hospitalization) complications, and short- (≤ 14 days after surgery) and long-term (> 14 days after surgery) outcomes were recorded...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762672/safety-efficacy-and-persistence-of-long-term-mirabegron-treatment-for-overactive-bladder-in-the-daily-clinical-setting-interim-1-year-report-from-a-japanese-post-marketing-surveillance-study
#17
Daisuke Kato, Hiromi Tabuchi, Satoshi Uno
OBJECTIVES: To report interim 1-year results from a 3-year surveillance study evaluating safety, efficacy, and persistence of long-term mirabegron for overactive bladder (OAB). METHODS: Patients starting treatment with mirabegron for urinary urgency, daytime frequency, and urgency incontinence associated with OAB were registered and followed up for 3 years. Data were collected on adverse drug reactions (ADR), changes in OAB symptoms, changes in Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS), and treatment discontinuations...
August 1, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762548/health-literacy-cognition-and-urinary-incontinence-among-geriatric-inpatients-discharged-to-skilled-nursing-facilities
#18
Joshua A Cohn, Avantika S Shah, Kathryn M Goggins, Sandra F Simmons, Sunil Kripalani, Roger R Dmochowski, John F Schnelle, William Stuart Reynolds
AIMS: To investigate the association between health literacy and cognition and nursing and patient-reported incontinence in a geriatric inpatient population transitioning to skilled nursing facilities (SNF). METHODS: Health literacy, depression, and cognition were assessed via the Brief Health Literacy Screen (BHLS), Geriatric Depression Scale 5-item (GDS) and Brief Interview for Mental Status (BIMS), respectively. Multivariable logistic regression assessed the association between BHLS score and incontinence by: (1) nursing-reported urinary incontinence during hospitalization; and (2) patient self-reported "bladder accidents" in the post-enrollment study interview...
August 1, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757173/are-patients-with-bladder-oversensitivity-different-from-those-with-urodynamically-proven-detrusor-overactivity-in-female-overactive-bladder-syndrome
#19
Sung-Lang Chen, Soo-Cheen Ng, Yu-Hui Huang, Gin-Den Chen
BACKGROUND: To determine if there are clinical and urodynamic (UD) differences between female overactive bladder (OAB) patients with bladder oversensitivity (BO) and detrusor overactivity (DO) via a much lower filling rate. METHODS: In total, 205 patients with OAB symptoms were recruited for this study. During filling cystometry, the bladder was filled at a more "physiological" rate of 20 ml/min. All patients underwent a complete urogynecological evaluation including detailed history, physical examination, urinalysis, pad test for quantification of urine leakage, 3-day frequency-volume chart (FVC) documentation, and completion of a UD study...
July 27, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753896/reoperations-for-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-finnish-national-register-study
#20
Kaisa Kurkijärvi, Riikka Aaltonen, Mika Gissler, Juha Mäkinen
BACKGROUND: Subjective and objective cure rates after primary surgery for female stress urinary incontinence are good. Still, some women will undergo repeated operations for incontinence. OBJECTIVE: To study the reoperation rate after incontinence surgery and to compare the reoperation rates between different surgery types. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This national register-based study included all Finnish women who had surgery for stress urinary incontinence during a 23-yr study period (1987-2009), both in inpatient and outpatient hospital settings...
June 10, 2017: European Urology Focus
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