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Female urinary incontinence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213797/long-term-outcomes-of-tot-and-tvt-procedures-for-the-treatment-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Enrico Finazzi Agrò, Marco Soligo, Vincenzo Li Marzi, Alex Digesu, Maurizio Serati
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESES: One of the most relevant topics in the field of pelvic floor dysfunction treatment is the long-term efficacy of surgical procedures, in particular, the use of prosthesis. Hence, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the long-term effectiveness and safety of midurethral sling (MUS) procedures for stress urinary incontinence (SUI), as reported in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomised studies. METHODS: This systematic review is based on material searched and obtained via PubMed/Medline, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library between January 2000 and October 2016...
February 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212587/prevalence-of-urinary-incontinence-in-females-performing-high-impact-exercises
#2
Magdaléna Hagovska, Ján Švihra, Alena Buková, Agáta Hrobacz, Dana Dračková, Viera Švihrová, Lenka Kraus
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to monitor the prevalence of symptoms of stress (SUI) and mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) in sportswomen performing high-impact exercises. A further objective was to compare the symptoms of urinary incontinence (UI) and quality of life in sportswomen. We used the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire (ICIQ-SF), the Overactive Bladder Questionnaire (OAB-q), the Urinary Incontinence Quality of Life Scale (I-QOL) and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), short version...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210793/a-national-population-based-cohort-study-of-urethral-injection-therapy-for-female-stress-and-mixed-urinary-incontinence-the-danish-urogynaecological-database-2007-2011
#3
Margrethe Foss Hansen, Gunnar Lose, Ulrik Schiøler Kesmodel, Kim Oren Gradel
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Urethral injection therapy (UIT) has been performed since the early 20th century and a variety of agents have been launched. In 2006, polyacrylamide hydrogel (PAGH) was introduced and is now widely used as an agent. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of PAGH based on a national population over a 5-year period (2007-2011) and the influence of patient-related factors, surgeon experience, and department volume. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was carried out based on data from the Danish Urogynaecological Database (DugaBase)...
February 16, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203133/simultaneously-diagnosed-and-successfully-treated-rectovaginal-and-vesicovaginal-fistulae-after-low-anterior-resection-with-concomitant-resection-of-female-genitalia
#4
Chisato Takagi, Hideo Baba, Kazuo Yamafuji, Atsunori Asami, Kaoru Takeshima, Nobuhiko Okamoto, Hidena Takahashi, Kiyoshi Kubochi
Rectovaginal fistula (RVF) and vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) are infrequent but distressing complications after pelvic surgery. However, their adequate treatment is not well described. Here, we simultaneously encountered and successfully treated RVF and VVF after radical surgery for rectal cancer. A 70-year-old woman underwent low anterior resection (LAR) combined with resection of the uterus, the bilateral adnexa, and the upper side of the vagina, as well as diverted ileostomy for rectal cancer. A month after the surgery, she developed urinary incontinence and underwent medical treatment, but her symptoms did not improve...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198687/medical-management-of-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#5
REVIEW
Elim Shih, Heather Hirsch, Holly L Thacker
Urinary incontinence is common, underreported, and undertreated. Primary care physicians should be comfortable discussing urinary incontinence with their female patients and managing it with conservative treatment.
February 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197002/an-exploratory-study-for-bladder-dysfunction-in-atypical-antipsychotic-emergent-urinary-incontinence
#6
Preeti Sinha, Anupam Gupta, V Senthil Kumar Reddi, Chittaranjan Andrade
INTRODUCTION: This is an exploratory study, which aimed to analyze urodynamic findings in patients who are on atypical antipsychotics and present with urinary incontinence (UI) in order to understand the mechanisms of antipsychotic-emergent UI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight patients (34 ± 7.6 years; five males and three females) diagnosed with schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders, who were on risperidone, olanzapine, or clozapine monotherapy and having UI were recruited...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192077/impact-of-age-and-comorbidities-on-utilization-of-sacral-neuromodulation
#7
Anna Er Faris, Bradley C Gill, Javier Pizarro-Berdichevsky, Elodi Dielubanza, Marisa M Clifton, Henry Okafor, Howard B Goldman, Courtenay K Moore, Raymond R Rackley, Sandip P Vasavada
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of patient age on sacral nerve stimulation(SNS) trial outcomes, device implantation, and treatment durability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A database of all SNS procedures between 2012-2014 at a high-volume institution was analyzed for associations of age with SNS indication, trial stimulation success, device revision, and device explantation. RESULTS: Within a 356 patient cohort, non-obstructive urinary retention and urgency- frequency patients were younger than those with urgency urinary incontinence...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188756/therapeutic-effect-and-mechanism-of-electrical-stimulation-in-female-stress-urinary-incontinence
#8
Jie Min, Bingshu Li, Cheng Liu, Shasha Hong, Jianming Tang, Ming Hu, Yaodan Liu, Suting Li, Li Hong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effect and underlying molecular mechanism of electrical stimulation (ES) in a murine SUI model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty female C57BL/6 mice were divided into four groups: CON group, no intervention; VD group, vaginal distension (VD) with an 8-mm dilator for 1 h; VD+ES 20 group, 20 Hz ES for 0.5 h for 7 days after VD; VD+ES 50 group, 50 Hz ES for 7 days after VD. For functional studies, assessments of urodynamics and sneezing test were performed; then, anterior vaginal wall specimens were collected...
February 7, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188755/defining-the-prevalence-of-asymptomatic-microscopic-hematuria-among-women-with-symptomatic-pelvic-organ-prolapse-implications-for-recommending-subsequent-diagnostic-evaluation
#9
Brian J Linder, Stephen A Boorjian, Emanuel C Trabuco, John B Gebhart, John A Occhino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of AMH in women presenting with POP, as well as the relationship of POP stage with AMH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Charts of women evaluated in a Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery clinic between January 2015 and July 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. The prevalence of AMH (≥3 rbc per hpf on one urinalysis) was compared for women with symptomatic POP and those with urinary incontinence (UI) without symptomatic POP...
February 7, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185937/technique-of-suprafascial-anastomosis-with-reduced-risk-of-stenosis-of-the-efferent-outlet-in-continent-catheterizable-urinary-diversion
#10
Stephan Degener, Nici Markus Dreger, Friedrich-Carl von Rundstedt, Burkhard Ubrig, Stephan Roth
OBJECTIVES: To describe our technique and long-term experience with a technique of a suprafascial anastomosis for the efferent continent segment in continent cutaneous urinary diversion, which aims to reduce the rate of stomal strictures. METHODS: Between 1998 and 2013 191 patients underwent continent cutaneous urinary diversion with a suprafascial anastomosis technique at our institution. A complete follow-up was achievable in 82 patients. The retrospective analysis included continence rates, stomal complications and other complications related to the urinary diversion like anastomotic insufficiencies, fistulas or hernias...
February 6, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176911/effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-urinary-incontinence
#11
Nurullah Bulbuller, Mani Habibi, Mustafa Yuksel, Onur Ozener, Mehmet Tahir Oruc, Osman Zekai Oner, Mehmet Altug Kazak
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is an important modifiable etiological factor associated with several diseases. There is strong evidence that urinary incontinence (UI) is positively correlated with body mass index (BMI). AIM: One of the many benefits experienced by obese patients after bariatric surgery is decrease in UI. To investigate this correlation, we aimed to examine the effects of weight loss on UI in female patients who had undergone laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG)...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169449/a-questionnaire-survey-to-assess-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#12
Minoru Miyazato, Takeshi Tana, Akira Higa, Kiyoshi Wakugami, Takashi Tokashiki, Hirokuni Sakima, Aiwa Maehara, Asuka Ashikari, Takuma Oshiro, Yusuke Ohya, Seiichi Saito
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms and the associated clinical features in patients with chronic stroke. METHODS: Patients with stroke who had been regularly followed up at general medical hospitals in Okinawa, Japan were enrolled in the study. The patients were asked to complete a self-reported questionnaire regarding their physical activity, medical history, and the core lower urinary tract symptom score (CLSS) questionnaire, with anonymity...
February 7, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168411/potential-therapeutic-role-of-punicalagin-against-mechanical-trauma-induced-stress-urinary-incontinence-via-upregulation-of-nrf2-and-tgf-%C3%AE-1-signaling-effect-of-punicalagin-on-mechanical-trauma-induced-sui
#13
Jianming Tang, Cheng Liu, Jie Min, Ming Hu, Yang Li, Li Hong
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We investigated the effect of punicalagin (PUN; 2,3-hexahydroxydiphenoyl-gallagyl-D-glucose), on mechanical-trauma-induced stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in mouse and the mechanisms underlying any effects. METHODS: Ninety virgin female C57BL/6 mice were randomized into six groups: five groups underwent vaginal distention (VD) for 1 h and leak-point pressure (LPP) was measured on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, 14th, and 28th day following (VD groups 1 d, 3 d, 7 d, 14 d, and 28 d)...
February 6, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164295/deinfibulation-for-treating-urologic-complications-of-type-iii-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Emmanuel Effa, Olumuyiwa Ojo, Austin Ihesie, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Women and girls who have undergone type III female genital mutilation (FGM) may suffer urologic complications such as recurrent urinary tract infections, obstruction, stones, and incontinence. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of deinfibulation for preventing and treating urologic complications in women and girls living with FGM. SEARCH STRATEGY: The following major databases were searched from inception to August 2015: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160011/translation-and-linguistic-validation-of-the-persian-version-of-the-bristol-female-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-instrument
#15
Abbas Ali Pourmomeny, Zahra Sadat Rezaeian, Mahsa Soltanmohamadi
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire for Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (ICIQ-FLUTS) in patients with urinary tract dysfunction. METHODS: After gaining permission from the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire (ICIQ) advisory board, the English Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (FLUTS) questionnaire was translated into Persian and then translated back into English...
February 3, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153510/efficacy-of-electrical-pudendal-nerve-stimulation-versus-transvaginal-electrical-stimulation-in-treating-female-idiopathic-urgency-urinary-incontinence
#16
Siyou Wang, Jianwei Lv, Xiaoming Feng, Tingting Lv
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacies of electrical pudendal nerve stimulation (EPNS) versus transvaginal electrical stimulation (TES) in treating female idiopathic urgency urinary incontinence (UUI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty female patients with idiopathic urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) refractory to medication were randomized, at a ratio of 2:1, into groupⅠof 80 cases and groupⅡof 40 cases. GroupsⅠandⅡwere treated by EPNS and transvaginal electrical stimulation (TES), respectively...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152525/para-urethral-injections-with-urolastic%C3%A2-for-treatment-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-subjective-improvement-and-safety
#17
Allert M de Vries, Hendrikje M K van Breda, Jimmy G Fernandes, Pieter L Venema, John P F A Heesakkers
INTRODUCTION: Female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is often treated surgically. Urethral bulking agents are a minimally invasive alternative, especially in patients suffering from intrinsic sphincter deficiency, but often with limited long-term efficacy. Urolastic® is a non-deformable, non-resorbable silicone elastomer that is used as an injectable. Its properties might result in a more durable response after injection. If this durability factor can be combined with a low complication rate, this can become a useful treatment option...
February 3, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144981/urinary-incontinence-work-and-intention-to-leave-current-job-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-australian-nursing-and-midwifery-workforce
#18
Heather Pierce, Lin Perry, Robyn Gallagher, Pauline Chiarelli
AIMS: To determine the prevalence and severity of urinary incontinence (UI) in a group of female nurses and midwives, and to examine the relationship between UI, work and intention to leave current job. METHODS: An electronic survey "Fit for the future" was distributed to nurses and midwives in NSW, Australia between May 2014 and February 2015. UI was investigated using the International Consultation on Incontinence UI-Short Form. Examined work characteristics included: work role, location, setting, contract, shift, job satisfaction, and plans to leave current job...
February 1, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133711/treatment-of-pelvic-floor-disorders-following-neobladder
#19
REVIEW
Nathan Littlejohn, Joshua A Cohn, Casey G Kowalik, Melissa R Kaufman, Roger R Dmochowski, W Stuart Reynolds
Radical cystectomy remains the gold standard treatment for organ-confined high-grade recurrent or muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Orthotopic neobladder urinary diversion following cystectomy represents an option for patients wishing for continent urinary diversion. Female patients who undergo radical cystectomy with orthotopic bladder substitution are at risk for developing both common and neobladder-specific disorders of the pelvic floor, including urinary incontinence, hypercontinence, vaginal prolapse, and neobladder-vaginal fistula...
January 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132559/the-female-experience-of-isc-with-a-silicone-catheter
#20
Karen Logan
Intermittent self-catheterisation (ISC) is a safe and effective treatment in the management of neuropathic bladder, voiding dysfunction and urinary incontinence in women. ISC has been shown to improve quality of life when used appropriately. It provides freedom for individuals who require bladder drainage as they can choose where and when to catheterise to empty the bladder. ISC requires minimum equipment, is a more discreet solution than an indwelling catheter and is relatively easy to teach in one patient visit...
January 26, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
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