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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561645/the-road-to-addressing-noncommunicable-diseases-and-cancer-in-global-health-policy
#1
Heath Catoe, Jordan Jarvis, Sudeep Gupta, Ophira Ginsburg, Gilberto de Lima Lopes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558520/a-staged-approach-to-educating-nurses-in-health-policy
#2
Carol Hall Ellenbecker, Jacqueline Fawcett, Emily J Jones, Deborah Mahoney, Beth Rowlands, Ashley Waddell
Nurse leaders and health-care experts agree that nurses have a responsibility to address the health problems facing the nation by participating in health policy development. However, nurses have not fully realized their potential when it comes to engaging in health policy advocacy and leadership. Nurse leaders, professional nursing organizations, accrediting bodies, and the Institute of Medicine have all identified the need to educate nurses in heath policy. Valuable recommendations for content and learning activities in health policy have been made...
January 1, 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535719/the-problems-of-increasing-transparency-on-uncertainty
#3
Magda Osman, Amanda J Heath, Ragnar Löfstedt
Public regulators (such as European Food Safety Authority, European Medicines Agency, and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control) are placing increasing demands on scientists to make uncertainties about their evidence transparent to the public. The stated goal is utilitarian, to inform and empower the public and ensure the accountability of policy and decision-making around the use of scientific evidence. However, it is questionable what constitutes uncertainty around the evidence on any given topic, and, while the goal is laudable, we argue the drive to increase transparency on uncertainty of the scientific process specifically does more harm than good, and may not serve the interests of those intended...
May 1, 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532700/gastric-cancer-as-preventable-disease
#4
Massimo Rugge, Robert M Genta, Francesco Di Mario, Emad M El-Omar, Hashem B El-Serag, Matteo Fassan, Richard H Hunt, Ernst J Kuipers, Peter Malfertheiner, Kentaro Sugano, David Y Graham
Gastric cancer (GC), one of the five most common causes of cancer death, is associated with a 5-year overall survival rate less than 30%. A minority of cancers occurs as part of syndromic diseases; more than 90% of adenocarcinomas are considered as the ultimate consequence of a longstanding mucosal inflammation. H. pylori infection is the leading etiology of non-self-limiting gastritis, which may result in atrophy of the gastric mucosa and impaired acid secretion. Gastric atrophy establishes a field of cancerization prone to further molecular and phenotypic changes, possibly resulting in cancer growth...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528226/web-information-for-food-operators-is-it-enough-to-comply-with-the-food-safety-and-public-heath-policy
#5
J G Díez, D Moura, M M Nascimento, C Saraiva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513338/worldwide-surveillance-policy-and-research-on-physical-activity-and-health-the-global-observatory-for-physical-activity-gopa
#6
Andrea Ramirez Varela, Michael Pratt, Kenneth Powell, I-Min Lee, Adrian Bauman, Gregory Heath, Rafaela Costa Martins, Harold Kohl, Pedro C Hallal
BACKGROUND: The Global Observatory for Physical Activity-GoPA! was launched in response to the physical inactivity pandemic. The aim of this article is to present current information about surveillance, policy, and research on physical activity (PA) and health worldwide. METHODS: Information was collected for 217 countries. For 139 of these nations we identified a contact who confirmed information's accuracy and completeness. Associations were calculated among surveillance, policy and research categories...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473952/liver-allocation-policies-for-patients-affected-by-hcc-in-europe
#7
Luciano De Carlis, Stefano Di Sandro, Leonardo Centonze, Andrea Lauterio, Vincenzo Buscemi, Riccardo De Carlis, Fabio Ferla, Raffaella Sguinzi, Stefano Okolicsanyi, Luca Belli, Mario Strazzabosco
The main goal of organ allocation systems is to guarantee an equal access to the limited resource of liver grafts for every patients on the waiting list, balancing between the ethical principles of equity, utility, benefit, need, and fairness. The European heath care scenario is very complex, as it is essentially decentralized and each Nation and Regions inside the nation, operate on a significant degree of autonomy. Furthermore the epidemiology of liver diseases and HCC, which is different among European countries, clearly inpacts on indications and priorities...
December 2016: Current Transplantation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468899/maternal-vaccination-against-pertussis-a-systematic-review-of-the-recent-literature
#8
REVIEW
Despoina Gkentzi, Paraskeui Katsakiori, Markos Marangos, Yingfen Hsia, Gayatri Amirthalingam, Paul T Heath, Shamez Ladhani
OBJECTIVE: This study is conducted to summarise and present the current knowledge on antenatal vaccination against pertussis with regard to national recommendations, coverage, immunogenicity, safety and effectiveness of the current available vaccines. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature in English was undertaken from January 2011 to May 2016 with searches in four databases. The review conformed to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371342/essential-medicines-list-implementation-dynamics-a-case-study-using-brazilian-federal-medicines-expenditures
#9
Rachel Magarinos-Torres, Larry David Lynd, Tatiana Chama Borges Luz, Paulo Eduardo Potyguara Coutinho Marques, Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro
The aim was to analyse the implementation dynamics of the Essential Medicines List (EML). We used the government expenditures on medicines and Brazil as a case study. Drug purchases were considered as a proxy for utilization. The essential medicines (EMs) expenditures were followed over time by Brazilian National EMLs lifetime and defined by broad therapeutic categories and by specific medicines. Brazil increased the number of the EMs during the last four editions of your Brazilian National EMLs and the federal government expenditures on them...
March 29, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369377/men-s-health-in-alternative-spaces-exploring-men-s-sheds-in-ireland
#10
Maya Lefkowich, Noel Richardson
Men often struggle to find or gain access to meaningful health services. Despite, or because of this trend, men are increasingly seeking out alternative sources of support for their wellbeing. Global health conversations and policies are calling for a greater awareness of men's heath issues, uptake of gender-sensitive strategies and integration of community and voluntary sectors. Men's Sheds, which are community and volunteer-run spaces for men, are increasing in popularity for men across Ireland. This study aimed to investigate men's experiences as members of Men's Sheds and the relationship between their involvement in the Shed and their wellbeing...
December 26, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365251/country-level-predictors-of-vaccination-coverage-and-inequalities-in-gavi-supported-countries
#11
Catherine Arsenault, Mira Johri, Arijit Nandi, José M Mendoza Rodríguez, Peter M Hansen, Sam Harper
BACKGROUND: Important inequalities in childhood vaccination coverage persist between countries and population groups. Understanding why some countries achieve higher and more equitable levels of coverage is crucial to redress these inequalities. In this study, we explored the country-level determinants of (1) coverage of the third dose of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis- (DTP3) containing vaccine and (2) within-country inequalities in DTP3 coverage in 45 countries supported by Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance...
March 29, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342074/evaluation-of-saefvic-a-pharmacovigilance-surveillance-scheme-for-the-spontaneous-reporting-of-adverse-events-following-immunisation-in-victoria-australia
#12
Hazel J Clothier, Nigel W Crawford, Melissa Russell, Heath Kelly, Jim P Buttery
INTRODUCTION: Australia is traditionally an early adopter of vaccines, therefore comprehensive and effective post-licensure vaccine pharmacovigilance is critical to maintain confidence in immunisation, both nationally and internationally. With adverse event following immunisation (AEFI) surveillance the responsibility of Australian jurisdictions, Victoria operates an enhanced passive AEFI surveillance system integrated with clinical services, called 'SAEFVIC' (Surveillance of Adverse Events Following Vaccination In the Community)...
March 24, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340935/individual-and-hospital-related-determinants-of-potentially-inappropriate-admissions-emerging-from-administrative-records
#13
Marco Fusco, Alessandra Buja, Paolo Piergentili, Maria Teresa Golfetto, Gianni Serafin, Silvia Gallo, Livio Dalla Barba, Vincenzo Baldo
INTRODUCTION: The appropriate use of health care is an important issue in developed countries. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the extent of potentially inappropriate hospital admissions and their individual, clinical and hospital-related determinants. METHODS: Medical records were analyzed for the year 2014 held by the Local Heath Unit n. 13 in the Veneto Region of north-east Italy (19,000 records). The outcomes calculated were: admissions for conditions amenable to day hospital care; brief medical admissions; outlier lengths of stay for elderly patients' medical admissions; and medical admissions to surgical wards...
November 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340453/long-term-nitrogen-deposition-increases-heathland-carbon-sequestration
#14
Chris D Field, Chris D Evans, Nancy B Dise, Jane R Hall, Simon J M Caporn
The large increases in reactive nitrogen (N) deposition in developed countries since the Industrial Revolution have had a marked impact on ecosystem functioning, including declining species richness, shifts in species composition, and increased N leaching. A potential mitigation of these harmful effects is the action of N as a fertiliser, which, through increasing primary productivity (and subsequently, organic matter production), has the potential to increase ecosystem carbon (C) storage. Here we report the response of an upland heath to 10years of experimental N addition...
March 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195528/sustainable-diets-within-sustainable-food-systems
#15
Alexandre Meybeck, Vincent Gitz
Sustainable diets and sustainable food systems are increasingly explored by diverse scientific disciplines. They are also recognised by the international community and called upon to orient action towards the eradication of hunger and malnutrition and the fulfilment of sustainable development goals. The aim of the present paper is to briefly consider some of the links between these two notions in order to facilitate the operationalisation of the concept of sustainable diet. The concept of sustainable diet was defined in 2010 combining two totally different perspectives: a nutrition perspective, focused on individuals, and a global sustainability perspective, in all its dimensions: environmental, economic and social...
February 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177472/heath-policy-and-mr-trump-public-health-consequences-of-the-trump-presidency
#16
Scott L Greer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095137/diabetes-mellitus-and-obesity-in-the-french-caribbean-a-special-vulnerability-for-women
#17
Philippe Carrère, Cédric Fagour, Dan Sportouch, Franciane Gane-Troplent, Jeannie Hélène-Pelage, Thierry Lang, Jocelyn Inamo
The objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of diabetes and its risk factors among French Caribbean adults. This cross-sectional study included 18-74-year olds (N = 2252; 56.5 percent women) who underwent a heath examination in Guadeloupe during July-December 2014. Diabetes was defined as using antidiabetic treatment, or fasting glucose ≥7 mmol/l, and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) ≥6.5 percent; diabetes control was defined as HbA1c < 7 percent. Multilevel logistic regression was used...
January 17, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925086/multidisciplinary-team-of-intensive-therapy-humanization-and-fragmentation-of-the-work-process
#18
Viviane Canhizares Evangelista, Thiago da Silva Domingos, Fernanda Paula Cerântola Siqueira, Eliana Mara Braga
Objective: to understand the meaning of humanized care in intensive care units considering the experience of the multidisciplinary team. Method: descriptive and exploratory qualitative research. For this purpose, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 24 professionals of the heath-care team, and, after transcription, we organized the qualitative data according to content analysis. Results: from two main categories, we were able to understand that humanized care is characterized in the actions of health-care: effective communication, team work, empathy, singularity, and integrality; and mischaracterized in the management processes, specifically in the fragmentation of the work process and health-care, in the precarious work conditions, and in differing conceptual aspects of the political proposal of humanization...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845485/physician-assisted-suicide-and-clinical-vulnerability-a-slippery-slope
#19
F Monacelli, M Martini, P Odetti, R Ciliberti
AIMS: The Belgian case of a 24 years' woman affected by resistant depression, who obtained the legal right to assisted suicide rehearsed ethical issues. From the famous Chabot case of the Dutch court in 1994, accumulating legal evidence indicates that the unbearable psychiatric suffering may be equate to the physical struggle of end of life patients. The Belgian law has addressed assisted suicide as an option in case of unbearable psychic suffering with no future prospective. DESIGN: It is unlikely that the practice of euthanasia may be mechanistically reduced to the provision of a suicide as alleviating the burden of suffering in depression is a long life commitment; moreover, the principle of patient's self determination and autonomy is highly debatable: the closure to the future, the hopelessness and the suicidal ideation represent per se core features of depression...
September 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831625/-use-of-evidence-in-heath-policies-and-programs-contributions-of-the-instituto-nacional-de-salud
#20
Ericson L Gutierrez, Marina Piazza, Alfonso Gutierrez-Aguado, Gisely Hijar, Gloria Carmona, Patricia Caballero, Nora Reyes, Carlos Canelo, Juan Pablo Aparco, Romina A Tejada, Rafael Bolaños-Díaz, Silvia Saravia, Ernesto Gozzer
This article analyzes some examples about how the Ministry of Health of Peru has used evidence for policy and program formulation, implementation and evaluation. It describes the process by which health budget programs are based and strengthened with scientific evidence. Provides an overview about how the development of clinical guidelines methodology is facilitating the generation of high quality evidence based clinical guidelines.It presents some examples of specific information needs of the Ministry of Health to which the Instituto Nacional de Salud has responded, and the impact of that collaboration...
July 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
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