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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119860/cost-effectiveness-of-bone-anchored-prostheses-using-osseointegrated-fixation-myth-or-reality
#1
Laurent Alain Frossard, Gregory Merlo, Brendan Burkett, Tanya Quincey, Debra Berg
BACKGROUND: In principle, lower limb bone-anchored prostheses could alleviate expenditure associated with typical socket manufacturing and residuum treatments due to socket-suspended prostheses. OBJECTIVE: This study reports (a) the incremental costs and (b) heath gain as well as (c) cost-effectiveness of bone-anchored prostheses compared to socket-suspended prostheses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective individual case-controlled observations and systematic review...
November 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117325/risk-of-early-onset-neonatal-group-b-streptococcal-disease-with-maternal-colonization-worldwide-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#2
Neal J Russell, Anna C Seale, Catherine O'Sullivan, Kirsty Le Doare, Paul T Heath, Joy E Lawn, Linda Bartlett, Clare Cutland, Michael Gravett, Margaret Ip, Shabir A Madhi, Craig E Rubens, Samir K Saha, Stephanie Schrag, Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Johan Vekemans, Carol J Baker
Background: Early-onset group B streptococcal disease (EOGBS) occurs in neonates (days 0-6) born to pregnant women who are rectovaginally colonized with group B Streptococcus (GBS), but the risk of EOGBS from vertical transmission has not been systematically reviewed. This article, the seventh in a series on the burden of GBS disease, aims to estimate this risk and how it varies with coverage of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP), used to reduce the incidence of EOGBS. Methods: We conducted systematic reviews (Pubmed/Medline, Embase, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), World Health Organization Library Information System [WHOLIS], and Scopus) and sought unpublished data from investigator groups on maternal GBS colonization and neonatal outcomes...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117324/intrapartum-antibiotic-chemoprophylaxis-policies-for-the-prevention-of-group-b-streptococcal-disease-worldwide-systematic-review
#3
Kirsty Le Doare, Megan O'Driscoll, Kim Turner, Farah Seedat, Neal J Russell, Anna C Seale, Paul T Heath, Joy E Lawn, Carol J Baker, Linda Bartlett, Clare Cutland, Michael G Gravett, Margaret Ip, Shabir A Madhi, Craig E Rubens, Samir K Saha, Stephanie Schrag, Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Johan Vekemans, Beate Kampmann
Background: Intrapartum antibiotic chemoprophylaxis (IAP) prevents most early-onset group B streptococcal (GBS) disease. However, there is no description of how IAP is used around the world. This article is the sixth in a series estimating the burden of GBS disease. Here we aimed to review GBS screening policies and IAP implementation worldwide. Methods: We identified data through (1) systematic literature reviews (PubMed/Medline, Embase, Literature in the Health Sciences in Latin America and the Caribbean [LILACS], World Health Organization library database [WHOLIS], and Scopus) and unpublished data from professional societies and (2) an online survey and searches of policies from medical societies and professionals...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065200/basic-science-and-public-policy-informed-regulation-for-nicotine-and-tobacco-products
#4
Christie D Fowler, Cassandra D Gipson, Bethea A Kleykamp, Laura E Rupprecht, Paul T Harrell, Vaughan W Rees, Thomas J Gould, Jason Oliver, Deniz Bagdas, M Imad Damaj, Heath D Schmidt, Alexander Duncan, Mariella De Biasi
Introduction: Scientific discoveries over the past few decades have provided significant insight into the abuse liability and negative health consequences associated with tobacco and nicotine-containing products. While many of these advances have led to the development of policies and laws that regulate access to and formulations of these products, further research is critical to guide future regulatory efforts, especially as novel nicotine-containing products are introduced and selectively marketed to vulnerable populations...
August 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957385/additional-risk-of-diabetes-exceeds-the-increased-risk-of-cancer-caused-by-radiation-exposure-after-the-fukushima-disaster
#5
Michio Murakami, Masaharu Tsubokura, Kyoko Ono, Shuhei Nomura, Tomoyoshi Oikawa
The 2011 Fukushima disaster led to increases in multiple risks (e.g., lifestyle diseases and radiation exposure) and fear among the public. Here, we assessed the additional risks of cancer caused by radiation and diabetes related to the disaster and the cost-effectiveness of countermeasures against these conditions. Our study included residents of the cities of Minamisoma and Soma (10-40 km and 35-50 km north of the Fukushima Daiichi (N° 1) Nuclear Power Station, respectively). We used the loss of life expectancy (LLE) as an indicator to compare risks between radiation exposure and diabetes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910245/trends-in-emergency-department-visits-for-non-traumatic-dental-conditions-in-ontario-from-2006-to-2014
#6
Sonica Singhal, Lindsay McLaren, Carlos Quiñonez
OBJECTIVE: In Canada, non-traumatic dental conditions (NTDCs) presenting in emergency departments (EDs) are dealt with by non-dental professionals who are generally not equipped to deal with such emergencies, resulting in an inefficient usage of heath care resources. This study aimed to assess the burden of ED visits for NTDCs in Ontario by observing trends from 2006 to 2014. METHODS: Aggregate data for Ontario were obtained from the Canadian Institute for Health Information's National Ambulatory Care Reporting System...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893248/the-impact-of-austerity-on-the-health-workforce-and-the-achievement-of-human-resources-for-health-policies-in-ireland-2008-2014
#7
Des Williams, Steve Thomas
BACKGROUND: The global economic crisis saw recessionary conditions in most EU countries. Ireland's severe recession produced pro-cyclical health spending cuts. Yet, human resources for health (HRH) are the most critical of inputs into a health system and an important economic driver. The aim of this article is to evaluate how the Irish health system coped with austerity in relation to HRH and whether austerity allowed and/or facilitated the implementation of HRH policy. METHODS: The authors employed a quantitative longitudinal trend analysis over the period 2008 to 2014 with Health Service Executive (HSE) staff database as the principal source...
September 11, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864810/research-and-discovery-science-and-the-future-of-dental-education-and-practice
#8
Peter J Polverini, Paul H Krebsbach
Dental graduates of 2040 will face new and complex challenges. If they are to meet these challenges, dental schools must develop a research and discovery mission that will equip graduates with the new knowledge required to function in a modern health care environment. The dental practitioner of 2040 will place greater emphasis on risk assessment, disease prevention, and health maintenance; and the emerging discipline of precision medicine and systems biology will revolutionize disease diagnosis and reveal new targeted therapies...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856133/pioneering-and-interprofessional-pediatric-dentistry-programs-aimed-at-reducing-oral-health-disparities
#9
Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Hamida Askaryar, Cambria Garell, Jennifer Ogren
Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is the most chronic childhood disease and more predominant in low-income and underserved children. Although easily transmitted, ECC is entirely preventable. Dr. Ramos-Gomez and his team at the University of California, Los Angeles put together an interprofessional curriculum where both medical and dental knowledge and practice is integrated to prepare dentists and primary care providers to more cost effectively address ECC and thereby reduce disparities in oral health. The curriculum, known as the Strategic Partnership for Interprofessional Collaborative Education in Pediatric Dentistry (SPICE-PD), consists of nine evidence-based training modules: applied statistics and research, community partners, interprofessional education/training, quality improvement, policy and advocacy, disease management/risk assessment, ethics/professionalism, cultural competency and children with special heath-care needs...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851437/development-and-use-of-a-content-search-strategy-for-retrieving-studies-on-patients-views-and-preferences
#10
Anna Selva, Ivan Solà, Yuan Zhang, Hector Pardo-Hernandez, R Brian Haynes, Laura Martínez García, Tamara Navarro, Holger Schünemann, Pablo Alonso-Coello
BACKGROUND: Identifying scientific literature addressing patients' views and preferences is complex due to the wide range of studies that can be informative and the poor indexing of this evidence. Given the lack of guidance we developed a search strategy to retrieve this type of evidence. METHODS: We assembled an initial list of terms from several sources, including the revision of the terms and indexing of topic-related studies and, methods research literature, and other relevant projects and systematic reviews...
August 30, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800473/public-health-risk-of-mercury-in-china-through-consumption-of-vegetables-a-modelling-study
#11
Ka-Ming Wai, Jiulan Dai, Peter K N Yu, Xuehua Zhou, Charles M S Wong
Sample measurement of mercury (Hg) contents is a common method for health risk assessment of Hg through vegetable consumption in China. In the present work, we undertook the first modelling study which produced consistent health-risk maps for the whole eastern China. Regional maps of Probable Daily Intake (PDI) of Total mercury (THg) and Methylmercury (MeHg) over the studied area were produced, which were important for the researchers and policy-makers to evaluate the risk and to propose mitigation measures if necessary...
November 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792564/-a-framework-to-support-action-in-population-mental-health
#12
Pascale Mantoura, Marie-Claude Roberge, Louise Fournier
In Quebec, like elsewhere in the world, we are witnessing a growing concern for the population's mental health and for the importance of concentrating efforts on prevention and promotion. In this context, public health actors are invited to adopt a leadership role in advancing mental health promotion and mental disorder prevention goals, and establish the required partnerships with actors from the health and social services and from other sectors who are indispensable to the population mental health agenda...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744924/breastfeeding-as-a-public-health-responsibility-a-review-of-the-evidence
#13
REVIEW
A Brown
BACKGROUND: Although intention to breastfeed in Western culture is high, many women stop breastfeeding before they are ready. From a physiological perspective, rates of primary milk insufficiency or contraindications to breastfeed should be low. However, numerous women encounter numerous barriers to breastfeeding, many of which occur at the social, cultural and political level and are therefore outside of maternal control. This review identifies and examines the impact of these barriers and considers how public health services should play a central role in creating a supportive breastfeeding environment...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680475/the-geography-of-pre-criminal-space-epidemiological-imaginations-of-radicalisation-risk-in-the-uk-prevent-strategy-2007-2017
#14
Charlotte Heath-Kelly
This paper explores geographical and epistemological shifts in the deployment of the UK Prevent strategy, 2007 - 2017. Counter-radicalisation policies of the Labour governments (2006 - 2010) focused heavily upon resilience-building activities in residential communities. They borrowed from historical models of crime prevention and public health to imagine radicalisation risk as an epidemiological concern in areas showing a 2% or higher demography of Muslims. However, this racialized and localised imagination of pre-criminal space was replaced, after the election of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition in 2010...
2017: Crit Stud Terror
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668326/influences-of-climate-change-on-the-potential-distribution-of-lutzomyia-longipalpis-sensu-lato-psychodidae-phlebotominae
#15
A Townsend Peterson, Lindsay P Campbell, David A Moo-Llanes, Bruno Travi, Camila González, María Cristina Ferro, Gabriel Eduardo Melim Ferreira, Sinval P Brandão-Filho, Elisa Cupolillo, Janine Ramsey, Andreia Mauruto Chernaki Leffer, Angélica Pech-May, Jeffrey J Shaw
This study explores the present day distribution of Lutzomyia longipalpis in relation to climate, and transfers the knowledge gained to likely future climatic conditions to predict changes in the species' potential distribution. We used ecological niche models calibrated based on occurrences of the species complex from across its known geographic range. Anticipated distributional changes varied by region, from stability to expansion or decline. Overall, models indicated no significant north-south expansion beyond present boundaries...
June 29, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561645/the-road-to-addressing-noncommunicable-diseases-and-cancer-in-global-health-policy
#16
Heath Catoe, Jordan Jarvis, Sudeep Gupta, Ophira Ginsburg, Gilberto de Lima Lopes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558520/a-staged-approach-to-educating-nurses-in-health-policy
#17
Carol Hall Ellenbecker, Jacqueline Fawcett, Emily J Jones, Deborah Mahoney, Beth Rowlands, Ashley Waddell
Nurse leaders and health-care experts agree that nurses have a responsibility to address the health problems facing the nation by participating in health policy development. However, nurses have not fully realized their potential when it comes to engaging in health policy advocacy and leadership. Nurse leaders, professional nursing organizations, accrediting bodies, and the Institute of Medicine have all identified the need to educate nurses in heath policy. Valuable recommendations for content and learning activities in health policy have been made...
February 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535719/the-problems-of-increasing-transparency-on-uncertainty
#18
Magda Osman, Amanda J Heath, Ragnar Löfstedt
Public regulators (such as European Food Safety Authority, European Medicines Agency, and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control) are placing increasing demands on scientists to make uncertainties about their evidence transparent to the public. The stated goal is utilitarian, to inform and empower the public and ensure the accountability of policy and decision-making around the use of scientific evidence. However, it is questionable what constitutes uncertainty around the evidence on any given topic, and, while the goal is laudable, we argue the drive to increase transparency on uncertainty of the scientific process specifically does more harm than good, and may not serve the interests of those intended...
May 1, 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532700/gastric-cancer-as-preventable-disease
#19
Massimo Rugge, Robert M Genta, Francesco Di Mario, Emad M El-Omar, Hashem B El-Serag, Matteo Fassan, Richard H Hunt, Ernst J Kuipers, Peter Malfertheiner, Kentaro Sugano, David Y Graham
Gastric cancer, 1 of the 5 most common causes of cancer death, is associated with a 5-year overall survival rate less than 30%. A minority of cancers occurs as part of syndromic diseases; more than 90% of adenocarcinomas are considered as the ultimate consequence of a longstanding mucosal inflammation. Helicobacter pylori infection is the leading etiology of non-self-limiting gastritis, which may result in atrophy of the gastric mucosa and impaired acid secretion. Gastric atrophy establishes a field of cancerization prone to further molecular and phenotypic changes, possibly resulting in cancer growth...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528226/web-information-for-food-operators-is-it-enough-to-comply-with-the-food-safety-and-public-heath-policy
#20
J G Díez, D Moura, M M Nascimento, C Saraiva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Public Health
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