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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770210/identification-of-publicly-available-data-sources-to-inform-the-conduct-of-health-technology-assessment-in-india
#1
Laura Downey, Neethi Rao, Lorna Guinness, Miqdad Asaria, Shankar Prinja, Anju Sinha, Rajni Kant, Arvind Pandey, Francoise Cluzeau, Kalipso Chalkidou
Background: Health technology assessment (HTA) provides a globally-accepted and structured approach to synthesising evidence for cost and clinical effectiveness alongside ethical and equity considerations to inform evidence-based priorities. India is one of the most recent countries to formally commit to institutionalising HTA as an integral component of the heath resource allocation decision-making process. The effective conduct of HTA depends on the availability of reliable data.   Methods : We draw from our experience of collecting, synthesizing, and analysing health-related datasets in India and internationally, to highlight the complex requirements for undertaking HTA, and explore the availability of such data in India...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764435/use-of-hospital-palliative-care-according-to-the-place-of-death-and-disease-one-year-before-death-in-2013-a-french-national-observational-study
#2
Claire Poulalhon, Laureen Rotelli-Bihet, Sébastien Moine, Anne Fagot-Campagna, Régis Aubry, Philippe Tuppin
BACKGROUND: Only limited data are available concerning the diseases managed before death and hospital palliative care (HPC) use according to place of death in France. We therefore conducted an observational study based on administrative health data in a large population to identify the diseases treated one year before death in 2013, the place of stay with or without hospital palliative care, and the place of death. METHODS: French health insurance general scheme beneficiaries were identified in the National Health data Information System (Snds) with a selection of information...
May 16, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669674/community-views-on-factors-affecting-medicines-resource-allocation-cross-sectional-survey-of-3080-adults-in-australia
#3
Lesley Chim, Glenn Salkeld, Patrick J Kelly, Wendy Lipworth, Dyfrig A Hughes, Martin R Stockler
Objective The aim of the present study was to determine Australian community views on factors that influence the distribution of health spending in relation to medicines. Methods A cross-sectional web-based survey was performed of 3080 adults aged ≥18 years. Participants were asked to rank, in order of importance, 12 criteria according to which medicines funding decisions may be made. Results Of all respondents, 1213 (39.4%) considered disease severity to be the most important prioritisation criterion for funding a new medicine...
April 19, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587783/worldwide-use-of-the-first-set-of-physical-activity-country-cards-the-global-observatory-for-physical-activity-gopa
#4
Andrea Ramirez Varela, Deborah Salvo, Michael Pratt, Karen Milton, Katja Siefken, Adrian Bauman, Harold W Kohl, I-Min Lee, Gregory Heath, Charlie Foster, Kenneth Powell, Pedro C Hallal
BACKGROUND: The work of The Global Observatory for Physical Activity-GoPA! is the first global effort to compile standardized country-level surveillance, policy and research data for physical activity in order to better understand how countries and regions address promoting physical activity. GoPA! developed standardized country-specific physical activity profiles ("Country Cards") to summarize country-level data through 2013. The aim of this study was to assess use of the Country Cards, identify the factors associated with their use, and develop recommendations for supporting country-level physical activity promotion...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453950/towards-elimination-of-schistosomiasis-after-5000-years-of-endemicity-in-egypt
#5
REVIEW
Iman F Abou-El-Naga
Schistosomiasis is a snail-transmitted infectious disease caused by a long lasting infection with a blood fluke of the genus Schistosoma. S. haematobium and S. mansoni are the species endemic in Egypt. The country has been plagued and seriously suffered from schistosomiasis over the past 5000 years. Great strides had been done in controlling the disease since 1922. The history, epidemiology and the different control approaches were reviewed. Currently, Egypt is preparing towards schistosomiasis elimination by 2020...
May 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449204/national-food-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey-of-the-portuguese-general-population-2015-2016-protocol-for-design-and-development
#6
Carla Lopes, Duarte Torres, Andreia Oliveira, Milton Severo, Sofia Guiomar, Violeta Alarcão, Elisabete Ramos, Sara Rodrigues, Sofia Vilela, Luísa Oliveira, Jorge Mota, Pedro J Teixeira, Paulo J Nicola, Simão Soares, Lene Frost Andersen
BACKGROUND: The assessment of food consumption data using harmonized methodologies at the European level is fundamental to support the development of public policies. Portugal is one of the countries with the most outdated information on individual food consumption. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the design and methodology of the National Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, 2015-2016, developed to collect national and regional data on dietary habits, physical activity (PA), and nutritional status, in a representative sample of the Portuguese general population (3 months-84 years)...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448934/from-theoretical-concepts-to-policies-and-applied-programmes-the-landscape-of-integration-of-oral-health-in-primary-care
#7
Hermina Harnagea, Lise Lamothe, Yves Couturier, Shahrokh Esfandiari, René Voyer, Anne Charbonneau, Elham Emami
BACKGROUND: Despite its importance, the integration of oral health into primary care is still an emerging practice in the field of health care services. This scoping review aims to map the literature and provide a summary on the conceptual frameworks, policies and programs related to this concept. METHODS: Using the Levac et al. six-stage framework, we performed a systematic search of electronic databases, organizational websites and grey literature from 1978 to April 2016...
February 15, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433543/engaging-policy-makers-heath-system-managers-and-policy-analysts-in-the-knowledge-synthesis-process-a-scoping-review
#8
Andrea C Tricco, Wasifa Zarin, Patricia Rios, Vera Nincic, Paul A Khan, Marco Ghassemi, Sanober Diaz, Ba' Pham, Sharon E Straus, Etienne V Langlois
BACKGROUND: It is unclear how to engage a wide range of knowledge users in research. We aimed to map the evidence on engaging knowledge users with an emphasis on policy-makers, health system managers, and policy analysts in the knowledge synthesis process through a scoping review. METHODS: We used the Joanna Briggs Institute guidance for scoping reviews. Nine electronic databases (e.g., MEDLINE), two grey literature sources (e.g., OpenSIGLE), and reference lists of relevant systematic reviews were searched from 1996 to August 2016...
February 12, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398277/maternal-immunization-against-group-b-streptococcus-world-health-organization-research-and-development-technological-roadmap-and-preferred-product-characteristics
#9
REVIEW
Johan Vekemans, Vasee Moorthy, Martin Friede, Mark R Alderson, Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Carol J Baker, Paul T Heath, Shabir A Madhi, Kirsty Mehring-Le Doare, Samir K Saha, Stephanie Schrag, David C Kaslow
Group B streptococcus, found in the vagina or lower gastrointestinal tract of about 10-40% of women of reproductive age, is a leading cause of early life invasive bacterial disease, potentially amenable to prevention through maternal immunization during pregnancy. Following a consultation process with global stakeholders, the World Health Organization is herein proposing priority research and development pathways and preferred product characteristics for GBS vaccines, with the aim to facilitate and accelerate vaccine licensure, policy recommendation for wide scale use and implementation...
February 2, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230402/animal-health-surveillance-in-scotland-in-2030-using-scenario-planning-to-develop-strategies-in-the-context-of-brexit
#10
Lisa A Boden, Harriet Auty, Aaron Reeves, Gustaf Rydevik, Paul Bessell, Iain J McKendrick
Animal health surveillance is necessary to protect human and animal health, rural economies, and the environment from the consequences of large-scale disease outbreaks. In Scotland, since the Kinnaird review in 2011, efforts have been made to engage with stakeholders to ensure that the strategic goals of surveillance are better aligned with the needs of the end-users and other beneficiaries. The aims of this study were to engage with Scottish surveillance stakeholders and multidisciplinary experts to inform the future long-term strategy for animal health surveillance in Scotland...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162096/carer-involvement-in-compulsory-out-patient-psychiatric-care-in-england
#11
Jorun Rugkåsa, Krysia Canvin
BACKGROUND: There is an expectation in current heath care policy that family carers are involved in service delivery. This is also the case with compulsory outpatient mental health care, Community Treatment Orders (CTOs) that were introduced in England in 2008. No study has systematically investigated family involvement through the CTO process. METHOD: We conducted qualitative interviews with 24 family carers to ascertain their views and experiences of involvement in CTOs...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119860/cost-effectiveness-of-bone-anchored-prostheses-using-osseointegrated-fixation-myth-or-reality
#12
Laurent Alain Frossard, Gregory Merlo, Brendan Burkett, Tanya Quincey, Debra Berg
BACKGROUND: In principle, lower limb bone-anchored prostheses could alleviate expenditure associated with typical socket manufacturing and residuum treatments due to socket-suspended prostheses. OBJECTIVE: This study reports (a) the incremental costs and (b) heath gain as well as (c) cost-effectiveness of bone-anchored prostheses compared to socket-suspended prostheses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective individual case-controlled observations and systematic review...
November 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117325/risk-of-early-onset-neonatal-group-b-streptococcal-disease-with-maternal-colonization-worldwide-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#13
Neal J Russell, Anna C Seale, Catherine O'Sullivan, Kirsty Le Doare, Paul T Heath, Joy E Lawn, Linda Bartlett, Clare Cutland, Michael Gravett, Margaret Ip, Shabir A Madhi, Craig E Rubens, Samir K Saha, Stephanie Schrag, Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Johan Vekemans, Carol J Baker
Background: Early-onset group B streptococcal disease (EOGBS) occurs in neonates (days 0-6) born to pregnant women who are rectovaginally colonized with group B Streptococcus (GBS), but the risk of EOGBS from vertical transmission has not been systematically reviewed. This article, the seventh in a series on the burden of GBS disease, aims to estimate this risk and how it varies with coverage of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP), used to reduce the incidence of EOGBS. Methods: We conducted systematic reviews (Pubmed/Medline, Embase, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), World Health Organization Library Information System [WHOLIS], and Scopus) and sought unpublished data from investigator groups on maternal GBS colonization and neonatal outcomes...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117324/intrapartum-antibiotic-chemoprophylaxis-policies-for-the-prevention-of-group-b-streptococcal-disease-worldwide-systematic-review
#14
Kirsty Le Doare, Megan O'Driscoll, Kim Turner, Farah Seedat, Neal J Russell, Anna C Seale, Paul T Heath, Joy E Lawn, Carol J Baker, Linda Bartlett, Clare Cutland, Michael G Gravett, Margaret Ip, Shabir A Madhi, Craig E Rubens, Samir K Saha, Stephanie Schrag, Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Johan Vekemans, Beate Kampmann
Background: Intrapartum antibiotic chemoprophylaxis (IAP) prevents most early-onset group B streptococcal (GBS) disease. However, there is no description of how IAP is used around the world. This article is the sixth in a series estimating the burden of GBS disease. Here we aimed to review GBS screening policies and IAP implementation worldwide. Methods: We identified data through (1) systematic literature reviews (PubMed/Medline, Embase, Literature in the Health Sciences in Latin America and the Caribbean [LILACS], World Health Organization library database [WHOLIS], and Scopus) and unpublished data from professional societies and (2) an online survey and searches of policies from medical societies and professionals...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065200/basic-science-and-public-policy-informed-regulation-for-nicotine-and-tobacco-products
#15
Christie D Fowler, Cassandra D Gipson, Bethea A Kleykamp, Laura E Rupprecht, Paul T Harrell, Vaughan W Rees, Thomas J Gould, Jason Oliver, Deniz Bagdas, M Imad Damaj, Heath D Schmidt, Alexander Duncan, Mariella De Biasi
Introduction: Scientific discoveries over the past few decades have provided significant insight into the abuse liability and negative health consequences associated with tobacco and nicotine-containing products. While many of these advances have led to the development of policies and laws that regulate access to and formulations of these products, further research is critical to guide future regulatory efforts, especially as novel nicotine-containing products are introduced and selectively marketed to vulnerable populations...
August 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957385/additional-risk-of-diabetes-exceeds-the-increased-risk-of-cancer-caused-by-radiation-exposure-after-the-fukushima-disaster
#16
Michio Murakami, Masaharu Tsubokura, Kyoko Ono, Shuhei Nomura, Tomoyoshi Oikawa
The 2011 Fukushima disaster led to increases in multiple risks (e.g., lifestyle diseases and radiation exposure) and fear among the public. Here, we assessed the additional risks of cancer caused by radiation and diabetes related to the disaster and the cost-effectiveness of countermeasures against these conditions. Our study included residents of the cities of Minamisoma and Soma (10-40 km and 35-50 km north of the Fukushima Daiichi (N° 1) Nuclear Power Station, respectively). We used the loss of life expectancy (LLE) as an indicator to compare risks between radiation exposure and diabetes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910245/trends-in-emergency-department-visits-for-non-traumatic-dental-conditions-in-ontario-from-2006-to-2014
#17
Sonica Singhal, Lindsay McLaren, Carlos Quiñonez
OBJECTIVE: In Canada, non-traumatic dental conditions (NTDCs) presenting in emergency departments (EDs) are dealt with by non-dental professionals who are generally not equipped to deal with such emergencies, resulting in an inefficient usage of heath care resources. This study aimed to assess the burden of ED visits for NTDCs in Ontario by observing trends from 2006 to 2014. METHODS: Aggregate data for Ontario were obtained from the Canadian Institute for Health Information's National Ambulatory Care Reporting System...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893248/the-impact-of-austerity-on-the-health-workforce-and-the-achievement-of-human-resources-for-health-policies-in-ireland-2008-2014
#18
Des Williams, Steve Thomas
BACKGROUND: The global economic crisis saw recessionary conditions in most EU countries. Ireland's severe recession produced pro-cyclical health spending cuts. Yet, human resources for health (HRH) are the most critical of inputs into a health system and an important economic driver. The aim of this article is to evaluate how the Irish health system coped with austerity in relation to HRH and whether austerity allowed and/or facilitated the implementation of HRH policy. METHODS: The authors employed a quantitative longitudinal trend analysis over the period 2008 to 2014 with Health Service Executive (HSE) staff database as the principal source...
September 11, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864810/research-and-discovery-science-and-the-future-of-dental-education-and-practice
#19
Peter J Polverini, Paul H Krebsbach
Dental graduates of 2040 will face new and complex challenges. If they are to meet these challenges, dental schools must develop a research and discovery mission that will equip graduates with the new knowledge required to function in a modern health care environment. The dental practitioner of 2040 will place greater emphasis on risk assessment, disease prevention, and health maintenance; and the emerging discipline of precision medicine and systems biology will revolutionize disease diagnosis and reveal new targeted therapies...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856133/pioneering-and-interprofessional-pediatric-dentistry-programs-aimed-at-reducing-oral-health-disparities
#20
Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Hamida Askaryar, Cambria Garell, Jennifer Ogren
Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is the most chronic childhood disease and more predominant in low-income and underserved children. Although easily transmitted, ECC is entirely preventable. Dr. Ramos-Gomez and his team at the University of California, Los Angeles put together an interprofessional curriculum where both medical and dental knowledge and practice is integrated to prepare dentists and primary care providers to more cost effectively address ECC and thereby reduce disparities in oral health. The curriculum, known as the Strategic Partnership for Interprofessional Collaborative Education in Pediatric Dentistry (SPICE-PD), consists of nine evidence-based training modules: applied statistics and research, community partners, interprofessional education/training, quality improvement, policy and advocacy, disease management/risk assessment, ethics/professionalism, cultural competency and children with special heath-care needs...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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