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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910245/trends-in-emergency-department-visits-for-non-traumatic-dental-conditions-in-ontario-from-2006-to-2014
#1
Sonica Singhal, Lindsay McLaren, Carlos Quiñonez
OBJECTIVE: In Canada, non-traumatic dental conditions (NTDCs) presenting in emergency departments (EDs) are dealt with by non-dental professionals who are generally not equipped to deal with such emergencies, resulting in an inefficient usage of heath care resources. This study aimed to assess the burden of ED visits for NTDCs in Ontario by observing trends from 2006 to 2014. METHODS: Aggregate data for Ontario were obtained from the Canadian Institute for Health Information's National Ambulatory Care Reporting System...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893248/the-impact-of-austerity-on-the-health-workforce-and-the-achievement-of-human-resources-for-health-policies-in-ireland-2008-2014
#2
Des Williams, Steve Thomas
BACKGROUND: The global economic crisis saw recessionary conditions in most EU countries. Ireland's severe recession produced pro-cyclical health spending cuts. Yet, human resources for health (HRH) are the most critical of inputs into a health system and an important economic driver. The aim of this article is to evaluate how the Irish health system coped with austerity in relation to HRH and whether austerity allowed and/or facilitated the implementation of HRH policy. METHODS: The authors employed a quantitative longitudinal trend analysis over the period 2008 to 2014 with Health Service Executive (HSE) staff database as the principal source...
September 11, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864810/research-and-discovery-science-and-the-future-of-dental-education-and-practice
#3
Peter J Polverini, Paul H Krebsbach
Dental graduates of 2040 will face new and complex challenges. If they are to meet these challenges, dental schools must develop a research and discovery mission that will equip graduates with the new knowledge required to function in a modern health care environment. The dental practitioner of 2040 will place greater emphasis on risk assessment, disease prevention, and health maintenance; and the emerging discipline of precision medicine and systems biology will revolutionize disease diagnosis and reveal new targeted therapies...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856133/pioneering-and-interprofessional-pediatric-dentistry-programs-aimed-at-reducing-oral-health-disparities
#4
Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Hamida Askaryar, Cambria Garell, Jennifer Ogren
Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is the most chronic childhood disease and more predominant in low-income and underserved children. Although easily transmitted, ECC is entirely preventable. Dr. Ramos-Gomez and his team at the University of California, Los Angeles put together an interprofessional curriculum where both medical and dental knowledge and practice is integrated to prepare dentists and primary care providers to more cost effectively address ECC and thereby reduce disparities in oral health. The curriculum, known as the Strategic Partnership for Interprofessional Collaborative Education in Pediatric Dentistry (SPICE-PD), consists of nine evidence-based training modules: applied statistics and research, community partners, interprofessional education/training, quality improvement, policy and advocacy, disease management/risk assessment, ethics/professionalism, cultural competency and children with special heath-care needs...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851437/development-and-use-of-a-content-search-strategy-for-retrieving-studies-on-patients-views-and-preferences
#5
Anna Selva, Ivan Solà, Yuan Zhang, Hector Pardo-Hernandez, R Brian Haynes, Laura Martínez García, Tamara Navarro, Holger Schünemann, Pablo Alonso-Coello
BACKGROUND: Identifying scientific literature addressing patients' views and preferences is complex due to the wide range of studies that can be informative and the poor indexing of this evidence. Given the lack of guidance we developed a search strategy to retrieve this type of evidence. METHODS: We assembled an initial list of terms from several sources, including the revision of the terms and indexing of topic-related studies and, methods research literature, and other relevant projects and systematic reviews...
August 30, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800473/public-health-risk-of-mercury-in-china-through-consumption-of-vegetables-a-modelling-study
#6
Ka-Ming Wai, Jiulan Dai, Peter K N Yu, Xuehua Zhou, Charles M S Wong
Sample measurement of mercury (Hg) contents is a common method for health risk assessment of Hg through vegetable consumption in China. In the present work, we undertook the first modelling study which produced consistent health-risk maps for the whole eastern China. Regional maps of Probable Daily Intake (PDI) of Total mercury (THg) and Methylmercury (MeHg) over the studied area were produced, which were important for the researchers and policy-makers to evaluate the risk and to propose mitigation measures if necessary...
August 8, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792564/-a-framework-to-support-action-in-population-mental-health
#7
Pascale Mantoura, Marie-Claude Roberge, Louise Fournier
In Quebec, like elsewhere in the world, we are witnessing a growing concern for the population's mental health and for the importance of concentrating efforts on prevention and promotion. In this context, public health actors are invited to adopt a leadership role in advancing mental health promotion and mental disorder prevention goals, and establish the required partnerships with actors from the health and social services and from other sectors who are indispensable to the population mental health agenda...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744924/breastfeeding-as-a-public-health-responsibility-a-review-of-the-evidence
#8
REVIEW
A Brown
BACKGROUND: Although intention to breastfeed in Western culture is high, many women stop breastfeeding before they are ready. From a physiological perspective, rates of primary milk insufficiency or contraindications to breastfeed should be low. However, numerous women encounter numerous barriers to breastfeeding, many of which occur at the social, cultural and political level and are therefore outside of maternal control. This review identifies and examines the impact of these barriers and considers how public health services should play a central role in creating a supportive breastfeeding environment...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680475/the-geography-of-pre-criminal-space-epidemiological-imaginations-of-radicalisation-risk-in-the-uk-prevent-strategy-2007-2017
#9
Charlotte Heath-Kelly
This paper explores geographical and epistemological shifts in the deployment of the UK Prevent strategy, 2007 - 2017. Counter-radicalisation policies of the Labour governments (2006 - 2010) focused heavily upon resilience-building activities in residential communities. They borrowed from historical models of crime prevention and public health to imagine radicalisation risk as an epidemiological concern in areas showing a 2% or higher demography of Muslims. However, this racialized and localised imagination of pre-criminal space was replaced, after the election of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition in 2010...
2017: Crit Stud Terror
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668326/influences-of-climate-change-on-the-potential-distribution-of-lutzomyia-longipalpis-sensu-lato-psychodidae-phlebotominae
#10
A Townsend Peterson, Lindsay P Campbell, David A Moo-Llanes, Bruno Travi, Camila González, María Cristina Ferro, Gabriel Eduardo Melim Ferreira, Sinval P Brandão-Filho, Elisa Cupolillo, Janine Ramsey, Andreia Mauruto Chernaki Leffer, Angélica Pech-May, Jeffrey J Shaw
This study explores the present day distribution of Lutzomyia longipalpis in relation to climate, and transfers the knowledge gained to likely future climatic conditions to predict changes in the species' potential distribution. We used ecological niche models calibrated based on occurrences of the species complex from across its known geographic range. Anticipated distributional changes varied by region, from stability to expansion or decline. Overall, models indicated no significant north-south expansion beyond present boundaries...
June 29, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561645/the-road-to-addressing-noncommunicable-diseases-and-cancer-in-global-health-policy
#11
Heath Catoe, Jordan Jarvis, Sudeep Gupta, Ophira Ginsburg, Gilberto de Lima Lopes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558520/a-staged-approach-to-educating-nurses-in-health-policy
#12
Carol Hall Ellenbecker, Jacqueline Fawcett, Emily J Jones, Deborah Mahoney, Beth Rowlands, Ashley Waddell
Nurse leaders and health-care experts agree that nurses have a responsibility to address the health problems facing the nation by participating in health policy development. However, nurses have not fully realized their potential when it comes to engaging in health policy advocacy and leadership. Nurse leaders, professional nursing organizations, accrediting bodies, and the Institute of Medicine have all identified the need to educate nurses in heath policy. Valuable recommendations for content and learning activities in health policy have been made...
January 1, 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535719/the-problems-of-increasing-transparency-on-uncertainty
#13
Magda Osman, Amanda J Heath, Ragnar Löfstedt
Public regulators (such as European Food Safety Authority, European Medicines Agency, and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control) are placing increasing demands on scientists to make uncertainties about their evidence transparent to the public. The stated goal is utilitarian, to inform and empower the public and ensure the accountability of policy and decision-making around the use of scientific evidence. However, it is questionable what constitutes uncertainty around the evidence on any given topic, and, while the goal is laudable, we argue the drive to increase transparency on uncertainty of the scientific process specifically does more harm than good, and may not serve the interests of those intended...
May 1, 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532700/gastric-cancer-as-preventable-disease
#14
Massimo Rugge, Robert M Genta, Francesco Di Mario, Emad M El-Omar, Hashem B El-Serag, Matteo Fassan, Richard H Hunt, Ernst J Kuipers, Peter Malfertheiner, Kentaro Sugano, David Y Graham
Gastric cancer, 1 of the 5 most common causes of cancer death, is associated with a 5-year overall survival rate less than 30%. A minority of cancers occurs as part of syndromic diseases; more than 90% of adenocarcinomas are considered as the ultimate consequence of a longstanding mucosal inflammation. Helicobacter pylori infection is the leading etiology of non-self-limiting gastritis, which may result in atrophy of the gastric mucosa and impaired acid secretion. Gastric atrophy establishes a field of cancerization prone to further molecular and phenotypic changes, possibly resulting in cancer growth...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528226/web-information-for-food-operators-is-it-enough-to-comply-with-the-food-safety-and-public-heath-policy
#15
J G Díez, D Moura, M M Nascimento, C Saraiva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513338/worldwide-surveillance-policy-and-research-on-physical-activity-and-health-the-global-observatory-for-physical-activity-gopa
#16
Andrea Ramirez Varela, Michael Pratt, Kenneth Powell, I-Min Lee, Adrian Bauman, Gregory Heath, Rafaela Costa Martins, Harold Kohl, Pedro C Hallal
BACKGROUND: The Global Observatory for Physical Activity-GoPA! was launched in response to the physical inactivity pandemic. The aim of this article is to present current information about surveillance, policy, and research on physical activity (PA) and health worldwide. METHODS: Information was collected for 217 countries. For 139 of these nations we identified a contact who confirmed information's accuracy and completeness. Associations were calculated among surveillance, policy and research categories...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473952/liver-allocation-policies-for-patients-affected-by-hcc-in-europe
#17
Luciano De Carlis, Stefano Di Sandro, Leonardo Centonze, Andrea Lauterio, Vincenzo Buscemi, Riccardo De Carlis, Fabio Ferla, Raffaella Sguinzi, Stefano Okolicsanyi, Luca Belli, Mario Strazzabosco
The main goal of organ allocation systems is to guarantee an equal access to the limited resource of liver grafts for every patients on the waiting list, balancing between the ethical principles of equity, utility, benefit, need, and fairness. The European heath care scenario is very complex, as it is essentially decentralized and each Nation and Regions inside the nation, operate on a significant degree of autonomy. Furthermore the epidemiology of liver diseases and HCC, which is different among European countries, clearly inpacts on indications and priorities...
December 2016: Current Transplantation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468899/maternal-vaccination-against-pertussis-a-systematic-review-of-the-recent-literature
#18
REVIEW
Despoina Gkentzi, Paraskeui Katsakiori, Markos Marangos, Yingfen Hsia, Gayatri Amirthalingam, Paul T Heath, Shamez Ladhani
OBJECTIVE: This study is conducted to summarise and present the current knowledge on antenatal vaccination against pertussis with regard to national recommendations, coverage, immunogenicity, safety and effectiveness of the current available vaccines. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature in English was undertaken from January 2011 to May 2016 with searches in four databases. The review conformed to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
September 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371342/essential-medicines-list-implementation-dynamics-a-case-study-using-brazilian-federal-medicines-expenditures
#19
Rachel Magarinos-Torres, Larry David Lynd, Tatiana Chama Borges Luz, Paulo Eduardo Potyguara Coutinho Marques, Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro
The aim was to analyse the implementation dynamics of the essential medicines list (EML). We used the government expenditures on medicines and Brazil as a case study. Drug purchases were considered as a proxy for utilization. The essential medicines (EMs) expenditures were followed over time by Brazilian National EMLs life-time and defined by broad therapeutic categories and by specific medicines. Brazil increased the number of the medicines during the last four editions of Brazilian National EMLs and the federal government expenditures on them...
March 29, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369377/men-s-health-in-alternative-spaces-exploring-men-s-sheds-in-ireland
#20
Maya Lefkowich, Noel Richardson
Men often struggle to find or gain access to meaningful health services. Despite, or because of this trend, men are increasingly seeking out alternative sources of support for their wellbeing. Global health conversations and policies are calling for a greater awareness of men's heath issues, uptake of gender-sensitive strategies and integration of community and voluntary sectors. Men's Sheds, which are community and volunteer-run spaces for men, are increasing in popularity for men across Ireland. This study aimed to investigate men's experiences as members of Men's Sheds and the relationship between their involvement in the Shed and their wellbeing...
December 26, 2016: Health Promotion International
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