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Cardiology, heart

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922674/heart-team-joint-position-of-the-swiss-society-of-cardiology-and-the-swiss-society-of-cardiac-surgery
#1
Giovanni B Pedrazzini, Enrico Ferrari, Michael Zellweger, Michele Genoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919601/relationship-between-echocardiographic-epicardial-adipose-tissue-eat-thickness-and-angiographically-detected-coronary-artery-disease
#2
G R Bhuiyan, G C Roy, M A Siddique, M Rahman, K Ahmed, F Nahar
Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a particular form of visceral adipose tissue deposited around the heart and there is growing evidence about the physiological and metabolic importance of EAT, especially in the association of cardiovascular risk profiles and the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. This observational, cross sectional study was done to determine the relationship between echocardiographic epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness and coronary artery disease (CAD). Total 123 patients with established or suspected coronary artery disease admitted for coronary angiogram in the department of Cardiology of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) from November 2010 to the end of April 2011 were included in this study...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#3
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915766/should-an-ldl-cholesterol-target-based-approach-be-readopted
#4
C Michael White, Erin R Weeda, Elaine Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: To review clinical trials driving the evolution of hyperlipidemic guidelines, discuss whether low-density lipoprotein (LDL) targets and adjunctive therapy on top of statins should be used, and summarize the pharmacist's role in helping achieve LDL goals. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE search (1/1980-5/2017) using terms including LDL, lipid, and statin, with forward and backward citation tracking. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: English-language studies and guidelines assessing LDL-lowering therapy were included...
July 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915139/left-and-right-ventricular-morphology-function-and-late-gadolinium-enhancement-extent-and-localization-change-with-different-clinical-presentation-of-acute-myocarditis-data-from-the-italian-multicenter-study-on-myocarditis-itamy
#5
Gianluca Di Bella, Giovanni Camastra, Lorenzo Monti, Santo Dellegrottaglie, Paolo Piaggi, Claudio Moro, Alessia Pepe, Chiara Lanzillo, Gianluca Pontone, Martina Perazzolo Marra, Mauro Di Roma, Alessandra Scatteia, Giovanni D Aquaro
AIMS: Poor data exist about cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) findings in a large sample of acute myocarditis with different clinical presentations (heart failure, arrhythmias, and infarct-like presentation). METHODS: Five hundred and forty-three in-patients with a clinical suspected of acute myocarditis confirmed by CMR were enrolled. The clinical indications to perform CMR were chest pain and/or dyspnea and/or palpitations, or effort intolerance/malaise in the last month; elevated troponin and/or new ventricular dysfunction, and/or new ECG abnormalities; and suspected inflammatory cause...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913590/challenges-of-anticoagulation-therapy-in-pregnancy
#6
REVIEW
Annemarie E Fogerty
Thrombotic complications in pregnancy represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Pregnancy is a primary hypercoagulable state due to enhanced production of clotting factors, a decrease in protein S activity, and inhibition of fibrinolysis. These physiologic changes will yield a collective rate of venous thromboembolism (VTE) of about 1-2 in 1000 pregnancies for the general obstetric population, which represents a five- to tenfold increased risk in pregnancy compared to age-matched non-pregnant peers...
September 14, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912201/race-and-socioeconomic-differences-associated-with-changes-in-statin-eligibility-under-the-2013-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-cholesterol-guidelines
#7
Amol A Verma, Marcia P Jimenez, S V Subramanian, Allan D Sniderman, Fahad Razak
BACKGROUND: The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines expanded eligibility criteria for statins. We examined race and socioeconomic differences associated with these changes. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was an observational study of adults between 40 and 75 years of age using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys between 2005 and 2012. Change in eligibility for statins was assessed based on the third adult treatment panel criteria and the 2013 ACC/AHA guidelines...
September 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912188/modern-imaging-techniques-in-cardiomyopathies
#8
REVIEW
M Fuad Jan, A Jamil Tajik
Modern advanced imaging techniques have allowed increasingly more rigorous assessment of the cardiac structure and function of several types of cardiomyopathies. In contemporary cardiology practice, echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging are widely used to provide a basic framework in the evaluation and management of cardiomyopathies. Echocardiography is the quintessential imaging technique owing to its unique ability to provide real-time images of the beating heart with good temporal resolution, combined with its noninvasive nature, cost-effectiveness, availability, and portability...
September 15, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906542/illuminating-the-pathway-for-the-next-generation-of-cardiovascular-medicine-practitioners-and-researchers-highlights-of-the-joint-pascar-scc-clinical-symposium-on-hypertension-and-heart-failure-cameroon
#9
Martin H Abanda, Anastase Dzudie, Ba Hamadou, Yves Monkam, Henry Luma, Marie Solange Douala, Loryane Nganhyim, Bonaventure S Dzekem, Theophile N Nana, George Nel, Ana O Mocumbi, Simon Stewart, Karen Sliwa, Eugene Belley Priso
The Pan-African Society of Cardiology roadmap aims to achieve a 25% control of hypertension by the year 2025. Whether this is attainable or not depends largely on the capacity of healthcare providers and policy makers to address the rising prevalence of hypertension and its complications, including heart failure. Task sharing is fundamental in optimising hypertension control. The Clinical Research Education, Networking and Consultancy (CRENC) engaged with the Pan-African Society of Cardiology (PASCAR) and the Cameroon Cardiac Society (SCC) in a joint hypertension and heart failure symposium at the Douala General Hospital in 2016...
July 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906541/roadmap-to-achieve-25-hypertension-control-in-africa-by-2025
#10
Anastase Dzudie, Brian Rayner, Dike Ojji, Aletta E Schutte, Marc Twagirumukiza, Albertino Damasceno, Seringe Abdou Ba, Abdoul Kane, Euloge Kramoh, Jean Baptiste Kacou, Basden Onwubere, Ruth Cornick, Karen Sliwa, Benedict Anisiuba, Ana Olga Mocumbi, Elijah Ogola, Mohamed Awad, George Nel, Harun Otieno, Ali Ibrahim Toure, Samuel Kingue, Andre Pascal Kengne, Pablo Perel, Alma Adler, Neil Poulter, Bongani Mayosi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The Pan-African Society of Cardiology (PASCAR) has identified hypertension as the highest area of priority for action to reduce heart disease and stroke on the continent. The aim of this PASCAR roadmap on hypertension was to develop practical guidance on how to implement strategies that translate existing knowledge into effective action and improve detection, treatment and control of hypertension and cardiovascular health in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) by the year 2025...
July 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905088/new-horizons-in-cardiac-innervation-imaging-introduction-of-novel-18-f-labeled-pet-tracers
#11
Ryohei Kobayashi, Xinyu Chen, Rudolf A Werner, Constantin Lapa, Mehrbod S Javadi, Takahiro Higuchi
Cardiac sympathetic nervous activity can be uniquely visualized by non-invasive radionuclide imaging techniques due to the fast growing and widespread application of nuclear cardiology in the last few years. The norepinephrine analogue (123)I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) is a single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) tracer for the clinical implementation of sympathetic nervous imaging for both diagnosis and prognosis of heart failure. Meanwhile, positron emission tomography (PET) imaging has become increasingly attractive because of its higher spatial and temporal resolution compared to SPECT, which allows regional functional and dynamic kinetic analysis...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903470/a-decade-of-information-on-the-use-of-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices-and-interventional-electrophysiological-procedures-in-the-european-society-of-cardiology-countries-2017-report-from-the-european-heart-rhythm-association
#12
M J Pekka Raatikainen, David O Arnar, Bela Merkely, Jens Cosedis Nielsen, Gerhard Hindricks, Hein Heidbuchel, John Camm
Aims: The aim of this analysis was to provide comprehensive information on invasive cardiac arrhythmia therapies in the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) area over the past 10 years. Methods and results: The European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) has collected data on invasive arrhythmia therapies since 2008. This year 53 of the 56 ESC member countries provided data for the EHRA White Book. Here we present updated data on procedure rates together with information on demographics, economy, vital statistics, local healthcare systems and training activities...
August 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903333/effect-of-pkc-inhibitor-on-experimental-autoimmune-myocarditis-in-lewis-rats
#13
Chunlian Zhong, Yang Wu, He Chang, Chunxiao Liu, Li Zhou, Jun Zou, Zhi Qi
Myocarditis is a major cause of sudden, unexpected death in young people. However, it is still one of the most challenging diseases to treat in cardiology. In the present study, we showed that both expression level and activity of PKC-α were up-regulated in the rat heart of experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM). Intraperitoneal administration of PKC inhibitor (Ro-32-0432) at the end of the most severe inflammation period of EAM still significantly reduced the EAM induced expression of failure biomarkers...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901848/pulmonary-hypertension-secondary-to-left-heart-disease
#14
Ghazal Kabbach, Debabrata Mukherjee
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) related to left heart disease (LHD) is the most common form of PH, accounting for more than two third of all PH cases. The hemodynamic abnormalities seen in PH-LHD are complex, and there are currently minimal evidence-based recommendations for the management of PH-LHD. While it is accepted that PH in the context of left heart disease is a marker of worse prognosis, it remains unclear whether its primary treatment is beneficial or harmful. In this article, we discuss the prevalence and significance of PH in patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) as well as HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), and those with valvular heart disease and provide insights into the complex pathophysiology of cardiopulmonary interrelationship in individuals with PH due to left heart disease...
September 12, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899385/coronary-artery-calcium-score-plays-an-important-role-for-cardiovascular-risk-stratification-in-the-statin-benefit-groups-of-asymptomatic-individuals
#15
Dong-Hyeon Lee, Ho-Joong Youn, Hae-Ok Jung, Kiyuk Chang, Yun-Seok Choi, Jung Im Jung
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the relationship between statin benefit groups based on statin-intensity class of drugs and coronary artery calcium score (CACS) using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in an asymptomatic Korean population. METHODS: A total of 3914 asymptomatic individuals (mean age: 55 ± 10 years; male: female = 2649: 1265) who underwent MDCT for health examination between January 2009 and December 2012 were retrospectively enrolled...
September 12, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898880/personalized-management-of-cardiovascular-disorders
#16
Kewal K Jain
Personalized management of cardiovascular disorders (CVDs), also referred to as personalized or precision cardiology in accordance with general principles of personalized medicine, is the selection of best treatment for an individual patient. It involves the integration of various 'omics' technologies such as genomics and proteomics as well as other new technologies such as nanobiotechnology. Molecular diagnostics and biomarkers are important for linking diagnosis with therapy and monitoring of therapy. Because CVDs involve perturbations of large complex biological networks, a systems biology approach to CVD risk stratification may be used for improving risk-estimating algorithms and modeling of personalized benefit-of-treatment may be helpful for guiding choice of intervention...
September 11, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887765/heartbeat-detection-in-multimodal-physiological-signals-using-signal-quality-assessment-based-on-sample-entropy
#17
Omkar Singh, Ramesh Kumar Sunkaria
This paper presents a novel technique to identify heartbeats in multimodal data using electrocardiogram (ECG) and arterial blood pressure (ABP) signals. Multiple physiological signals such as ECG, ABP, and Respiration are often recorded in parallel from the activity of heart. These signals generally possess related information as they are generated by the same physical system. The ECG and ABP correspond to the same phenomenon of contraction and relaxation activity of heart. Multiple signals acquired from various sensors are generally processed independently, thus discarding the information from other measurements...
September 8, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886619/2017-esc-eacts-guidelines-for-the-management-of-valvular-heart-disease-the-task-force-for-the-management-of-valvular-heart-disease-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-esc-and-the-european-association-for-cardio-thoracic-surgery-eacts
#18
Helmut Baumgartner, Volkmar Falk, Jeroen J Bax, Michele De Bonis, Christian Hamm, Per Johan Holm, Bernard Iung, Patrizio Lancellotti, Emmanuel Lansac, Daniel Rodriguez Muñoz, Raphael Rosenhek, Johan Sjögren, Pilar Tornos Mas, Alec Vahanian, Thomas Walther, Olaf Wendler, Stephan Windecker, Jose Luis Zamorano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885371/clinical-and-diagnostic-features-of-angiosarcoma-with-pulmonary-metastases-a-retrospective-observational-study
#19
Hanping Wang, Juhong Shi, Hongrui Liu, Yeye Chen, Yining Wang, Wenze Wang, Li Zhang
Angiosarcoma with pulmonary metastasis is a rare, fatal disease that often presents with multiple pulmonary nodules and diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. We herein review the detailed clinical characteristics of pulmonary metastatic angiosarcoma and determine a reasonable diagnostic strategy.The medical records of 11 patients with pulmonary angiosarcoma were reviewed.The mean age of the patients was 45.7 years (range, 30-71 years). All patients were male. The most common symptom was hemoptysis (8/11). Common initial misdiagnoses were tuberculosis (5/11), vasculitis (2/11), nontuberculous infectious disease (1/11), and constrictive pericarditis (1/11)...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885062/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-always-coronary-angiography
#20
Andrea Rognoni, Chiara Cavallino, Marco Giovanni Mennuni, Lucia Barbieri, Roberta Rosso, Francesco Rametta, Federico Nardi, Alessandro Lupi, Angelo Sante Bongo
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains one of the principle challenges in the setting of critical care medicine and emergency cardiology. Areas covered: Long-term survival rates even after successful resuscitation are variable but increasing in the recent years; due to the improvement of base and advanced cardiac life support techniques an increasing number of resuscitated patients are admitted to the hospital. Some recent data have suggested that patients surviving to hospital discharge after OHCA presented long-term outcome similar to patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction...
September 8, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
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